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Atthakatha Book 13 : PALI ROMAN Saṃ.A. (sārattha.3)

                        10. Cetiyasuttavaṇṇanā
    [822] Dasame nisīdananti cammakkhaṇḍaṃ adhippetaṃ. Udenaṃ cetiyanti
udenayakkhassa cetiyaṭṭhāne katavihāro vuccati. Gotamakādīsupi eseva nayo. Bhāvitāti
vaḍḍhitā. Bahulīkatāti punappunaṃ katā. Yānīkatāti yuttayānaṃ viya katā. Vatthukatāti
@Footnote: 1 abhi.vi. 35/431 ādi/260            2 visuddhi. 2/206 (syā)
Patiṭṭhānaṭṭhena vatthu viya katā. Anuṭṭhitāti adhiṭṭhitā. Paricitāti samantato citā
suvaḍḍhitā. Susamāraddhāti suṭṭhu samāraddhā.
    Iti aniyamena kathetvā puna niyametvā dassento tathāgatassa khotiādimāha.
Ettha ca kappanti āyukappaṃ, tasmiṃ tasmiṃ kāle yaṃ manussānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ,
taṃ paripuṇṇaṃ karonto tiṭṭheyya. Kappāvasesaṃ vāti "appaṃ vā bhiyyo"ti
vuttavassasatato atirekaṃ vā. Mahāsīvatthero panāha "buddhānaṃ aṭṭhāne gajjitaṃ nāma
natthi yatheva hi veḷuvagāmake uppannamāraṇantikavedanaṃ dasa māse vikkhambhesi,
evaṃ punappanaṃ taṃ samāpattiṃ samāpajjitvā dasa dasa māsepi vikkhambhento imaṃ
bhaddakappameva tiṭṭheyyā"ti.
    Kasmā pana na ṭhitoti? upādinnakasarīraṃ nāma khaṇḍiccādīhi abhibhuyyati,
Buddhā nāma khaṇḍiccādibhāvaṃ apatvā pañcame āyukoṭṭhāse bahujanassa
piyamanāpakāleyeva parinibbāyanti. Buddhānubuddhesu ca mahāsāvakesu parinibbutesu
ekakena khāṇukena viya ṭhātabbaṃ hoti, daharasāmaṇeraparivārena vā, tato "aho
buddhānaṃ parisā"ti hīḷetabbataṃ āpajjeyya, tasmā na ṭhitoti. Evaṃ vuttepi
so pana na ruccati, "āyukappo"ti idameva aṭṭhakathāyaṃ niyamitaṃ.
    Yathā taṃ mārena pariyuṭṭhitacittoti ettha tanti nipātamattaṃ. Yathā mārena
pariyuṭṭhitacitto ajjhotthaṭacitto aññopi koci puthujjano paṭivijjhituṃ na
sakkuṇeyya evameva nāsakkhi paṭivijjhitunti attho. Māro hi yassa sabbena sabbaṃ
dvādasa vipallāsā appahīnā, tassa cittaṃ pariyuṭṭhāti. Therassa ca cattāro vipallāsā
appahīnā, tenassa māro cittaṃ pariyuṭṭhāsi. So pana cittaṃ pariyuṭṭhānaṃ karonto
kiṃ karotīti? bheravaṃ rūpārammaṇaṃ vā dasseti, saddārammaṇaṃ vā sāveti, tato
Sattā taṃ disvā vā sutvā vā satiṃ vissajjetvā vivaṭṭamukhā honti, tesaṃ mukhena
hatthaṃ pavesetvā hadayaṃ maddati, te visaññīva 1- hutvā tiṭṭhanti. Therassa panesa
mukhena hatthaṃ pavesetuṃ kiṃ sakkhissati, bheravārammaṇaṃ pana dasseti, taṃ disvā
thero nimittobhāsaṃ na paṭivijjhi. Jānantoyeva bhagavā kimatthaṃ yāvatatiyakaṃ
āmantesīti. Purato 2- "tiṭṭhatu bhante bhagavā"ti yācite "tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,
tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhan"ti dosāropanena sokatanukaraṇatthaṃ.
    Māro pāpimāti ettha satte anatthe niyojento māretīti māro.
Pāpimāti tasseva vevacanaṃ, so hi pāpadhammasamannāgatattā "pāpimā"ti vuccati.
Kaṇho antako namuci pamattabandhūtipi tasseva nāmāni. Bhāsitā kho panesāti
ayañhi bhagavato sambodhipattiyā aṭṭhame sattāhe bodhimaṇḍaṃyeva 3- āgantvā
"bhagavā yadatthaṃ tumhehi pāramiyo pūritā, so vo attho anuppatto, paṭividdhaṃ
sabbaññutañāṇaṃ, kiṃ vo lokavicāraṇenā"ti vatvā yathā ajja, evameva
"parinibbātu dāni bhante bhagavā, parinibbātu sugato"ti yāci. Bhagavā cassa "na
tāvāhan"tiādīni vatvā paṭikkhipi. Taṃ sandhāya "bhāsitā kho panesā
bhante"tiādimāha.
    Tattha viyattāti maggavasena byattā. Tatheva vinītā. Tathā visāradā.
Bahussutāti tepiṭakavasena bahu sutametesanti bahussutā. Tadeva dhammaṃ dhāretīti
dhammadhaRā. Athavā pariyattibahussutā ceva paṭivedhabahussutā ca pariyattipaṭivedhadhammānaṃyeva
dhāraṇato dhammadharāti evamettha attho daṭṭhabbo. Dhammānudhammappaṭipannāti
ariyadhammassa anudhammabhūtaṃ vipassanādhammaṃ paṭipannā. Sāmīcippaṭipannāti anucchavika-
paṭipadaṃ paṭipannā. Anudhammacārinoti anudhammacaraṇasīlā. Sakaṃ ācariyakanti attano
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. visaññī        2 cha.Ma. parato          3 Ma. bodhimaṇḍeyeva
Ācariyavādaṃ. Sahadhammenāti sahetukena sakāraṇena vacanena. Sappāṭihāriyanti yāva
niyyānikaṃ katvā dhammaṃ desissanti.
    Brahmacariyanti sikkhattayasaṅgahitaṃ sakalasāsanabrahmacariyaṃ. Iddhanti samiddhaṃ
jhānassādavasena. Phītanti vuḍḍhippattaṃ sabbaphāliphullaṃ 1- viya abhiññāsampattivasena.
Vitthāritanti 2- vitthataṃ tasmiṃ tasmiṃ disābhāge patiṭṭhitavasena. Bāhujaññanti bahūhi
ñātaṃ paṭividdhaṃ mahājanābhisamayavasena. Puthubhūtanti sabbākārena puthulabhāvappattaṃ.
Kathaṃ? yāva devamanussehi suppakāsitaṃ, yattakā viññujātikā devā ceva manussā
Ca atthi, sabbehi suṭṭhu pakāsitanti attho.
    Appossukkoti nirālayo. Tvaṃ hi pāpima aṭṭhamasattāhato paṭṭhāya
"parinibbātu dāni bhante bhagavā, parinibbātu sugato"ti viravanto āhiṇḍittha,
ajja dāni paṭṭhāya vigatussāho hohi, mā mayhaṃ parinibbānatthaṃ vāyāmaṃ
karohīti vadati.
    Sato sampajāno āyusaṅkhāraṃ ossajjīti satiṃ supatiṭṭhitaṃ katvā ñāṇena
paricchinditvā āyusaṅkhāraṃ vissajji pajahi. Tattha na bhagavā hatthena leḍḍuṃ
viya āyusaṅkhāraṃ ussajji, temāsamattameva pana phalasamāpattiṃ samāpajjitvā tato
paraṃ na samāpajjissāmīti cittaṃ uppādesi. Taṃ sandhāya vuttaṃ "ossajjī"ti.
Ussajjītipi pāṭho. Mahābhūmicāloti mahanto paṭhavikamPo. 3- Tadā kira
dasasahassilokadhātu akampittha. Bhiṃsanakoti bhayajanako. Devadundubhiyo ca phaliṃsūti devabheriyo
phaliṃsu, devo sukkhagajjitaṃ 4- gajji, akālavijjulatā nicchariṃsu, khaṇikavassaṃ vassīti
vuttaṃ hoti.
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. sabbapāliphullaṃ      2 cha. vitthārikanti
@3 Ma. bhūmicālo           4 Sī. sugajjitaṃ
    Udānaṃ udānesīti kasmā udānesi? koci nāma vadeyya "bhagavā
pacchato pacchato anubandhitvā, `parinibbāyatha bhante parinibbāyatha bhante'ti
upadduto bhayena āyusaṅkhāraṃ vissajjesī"ti. Tassokāso mā hotūti. Bhītassa hi
udānaṃ nāma natthīti pītivegavisaṭṭhaṃ udānesi.
    Tattha sabbesaṃ soṇasiṅgālādīnampi paccakkhabhāvato tulitaṃ paricchinnanti
tulaṃ. Kintaṃ? kāmāvacarakammaṃ. Na tulaṃ, na vā assa tulaṃ sadisamaññaṃ 1- lokiyakammaṃ
atthīti atulaṃ. Kintaṃ? mahaggatakammaṃ. Athavā kāmāvacaraṃ rūpāvacaraṃ ca tulaṃ,
arūpāvacaraṃ atulaṃ. Appavipākaṃ tulaṃ, bahuvipākaṃ atulaṃ. Sambhavanti sambhavahetubhūtaṃ, 2-
piṇḍakārakaṃ rāsikārakanti attho. Bhavasaṅkhāranti punabbhavassa saṅkhāraṃ. Avassajīti
vissajjesi. Munīti buddhamuni. Ajjhattaratoti niyakajjhattarato. Samāhitoti
upacārappanāsamādhivasena samāhito. Abhindi kavacamivāti kavacaṃ viya abhindi.
Attasambhavanti attani jātaṃ kilesaṃ. Idaṃ vuttaṃ hoti:- savipākaṭṭhena sambhavaṃ
bhavābhisaṅkharaṇaṭṭhena 3- bhavasaṅkhāranti ca laddhanāmaṃ tulātulasaṅkhātaṃ lokiyakammañca
ossaji, saṅgāmasīse mahāyodho kavacaṃ viya attasambhavaṃ kilesañca ajjhattarato
samāhito hutvā abhindīti.
    Athavā tulanti tulento tīrento. Atulañca sambhavanti nibbānañceva
bhavañca. Bhavasaṅkhāranti bhavagāmikammaṃ. Avassaji munīti "pañcakkhandhā aniccā,
pañcannaṃ  khandhānaṃ nirodho nibbānaṃ niccan"tiādinā nayena tulayanto
buddhamuni bhave ādīnavaṃ nibbāne cānisaṃsaṃ disvā taṃ khandhānaṃ mūlabhūtaṃ bhavasaṅkhāraṃ
"kammakkhayāya saṃvattatī"ti evaṃ vuttena kammakkhayakarena ariyamaggena avassaji.
Kathaṃ? ajjhattarato samāhito abhindi kavacamivattasambhavaṃ. So hi vipassanāvasena
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. na vā tulaṃ sadisamassa aññaṃ          2 Sī.,ka. tesaṃ bhavahetubhūtaṃ
@3 Ma. bhavakaraṇaṭṭhena. cha. bhavabhisaṅkhaṇaṭṭhena
Ajjhattarato, samathavasena samāhitoti evaṃ pubbabhāgato paṭṭhāya samathavipassanābalena
kavacamiva attabhāvaṃ pariyonaddhitvā  1- ṭhitaṃ, attani sambhavattā attasambhavanti
laddhanāmaṃ sabbakilesajātaṃ abhindi. Kilesābhāvena ca kammaṃ appaṭisandhikattā
avasiṭṭhaṃ 2- nāma hotīti evaṃ kilesappahānena kammaṃ jahi. Pahīnakilesassa ca 3-
bhayaṃ nāma natthi. Tasmā abhītova āyusaṅkhāraṃ ussajji. Abhītabhāvaṃ ñāpanatthaṃ ca
udānaṃ udānesīti veditabbo.
                         Cāpālavaggo paṭhamo.
                          ------------



             The Pali Atthakatha in Roman Book 13 page 327-332. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=13&A=7153              อรรถกถาบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=13&A=7153              อ่านอรรถกถาแปลไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=18&i=577              เนื้อความพระไตรปิฎกฉบับหลวง :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=18&A=7579              พระไตรปิฎกฉบับบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=18&A=7459              The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=18&A=7459              Contents of The Tipitaka Volume 18 http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_18

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