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Atthakatha Book 53 : PALI ROMAN Saṅgaṇi.A. (aṭṭhasālinī)

                           Pañcakanayavaṇṇanā
     [167] Idāni katamā dhammā kusalāti pañcakanayo āraddho. Kasmāti
ce? puggalajjhāsayavasena ceva desanāvilāsena ca. Sannisinnadevaparisāya 2- kira
ekaccānaṃ devānaṃ vitakkoeva oḷārikato upaṭṭhāsi, vicārapītisukhacittekaggatā
santato. Tesaṃ sappāyavasena satthā caturaṅgikaṃ avitakkaṃ vicāramattaṃ dutiyajjhānaṃ
nāma bhājesi. Ekaccānaṃ vicāro oḷārikato upaṭṭhāsi, pītisukhacittekaggatā
santato. Tesaṃ sappāyavasena tivaṅgikaṃ tatiyajjhānaṃ nāma bhājesi. Ekaccānaṃ pīti
oḷārikato upaṭṭhāsi, sukhacittekaggatā santato. Tesaṃ sappāyavasena duvaṅgikaṃ
catutthajjhānaṃ nāma bhājesi, ekaccānaṃ sukhaṃ oḷārikato upaṭṭhāsi, upekkhā-
cittekaggatā santato. Tesaṃ sappāyavasena duvaṅgikaṃ pañcamajjhānaṃ nāma bhājesi.
Ayaṃ tāva puggalajjhāsayo.
     Yassā pana dhammadhātuyā supaṭividdhatā desanā vilāsappattā 3- nāma
hoti, sā tathāgatassa suṭṭhu paṭividdhā. Tasmā ñāṇamahattatāya desanāvidhānesu
kusalo desanāvilāsappatto satthā yaṃ yaṃ aṅgaṃ labbhati, tassa tassa vasena
yathā yathā icchati, tathā tathā desanaṃ niyāmetīti so idha pañcaṅgikaṃ paṭhamajjhānaṃ bhājesi,
caturaṅgikaṃ avitakkaṃ vicāramattaṃ dutiyajjhānaṃ bhājesi, tivaṅgikaṃ tatiyajjhānaṃ
bhājesi, duvaṅgikaṃ catutthajjhānaṃ, duvaṅgikameva pañcamajjhānaṃ bhājesi. Ayaṃ
desanāvilāso nāma.
@Footnote: 1 abhi. 34/150/46   2 Ma. sannipatitadevaparisāya    3 cha. desanāvilāsappatto
     Apica ye bhagavatā "tayome bhikkhave samādhī savitakkasavicāro samādhi,
avitakkavicāramatto samādhi, avitakkaavicāro samādhī"ti 1- suttante tayo samādhī
desitā. Tesu heṭṭhā savitakkasavicāro samādhi avitakkaavicāro samādhi ca
bhājetvā dassito, avitakkavicāramatto na dassitoti. Taṃ dassetumpi ayaṃ
pañcakanayo āraddhoti veditabbo.
     Tattha dutiyajjhānaniddese phassādīsu vitakkamattaṃ parihāyati, koṭṭhāsavāre
"caturaṅgikaṃ jhānaṃ hoti, caturaṅgiko maggo hotī"ti ayameva viseso. Sesaṃ sabbaṃ
paṭhamajjhānasadisameva. Yāni ca catukkanaye dutiyatatiyacatutthāni, tāni idha
tatiyacatutthapañcamāni. Tesaṃ adhigamapaṭipāṭiyā dīpanatthaṃ ayaṃ nayo veditabbo:-
     eko kira amaccaputto rājānaṃ upaṭṭhātuṃ janapadato nagaraṃ āgato, so
ekadivasameva rājānaṃ disvā pānabyasanena sabbaṃ vibhavajātaṃ nāsesi. Taṃ ekadivasaṃ
surāmadamattaṃ niccolaṃ katvā jiṇṇakaṭasārakamattena paṭicchādetvā pānāgārato
nīhariṃsu, tamenaṃ saṅkārakūṭe nipajjitvā niddāyantaṃ eko aṅgavijjāpāṭhako
disvā "ayaṃ puriso mahājanassa avassayo bhavissati, paṭijaggitabbo eso"ti
sanniṭṭhānaṃ katvā mattikāya nhāpetvā thūlasāṭakayugaṃ nivāsāpetvā puna
gandhodakena nhāpetvā sukhumena dukūlayugalena acchādetvā pāsādaṃ āropetvā
subhojanaṃ bhojetvā "evaṃ naṃ 2- paricāreyyāthā"ti paricārake paṭicchādetvā 3-
pakkāmi. Atha naṃ te sayanaṃ āropesuṃ, pānāgāragamanapaṭibāhanatthañca naṃ cattāro
tāva janā catūsu hatthapādesu uppīḷetvā aṭṭhaṃsu. Tattha eko pāde parimajji,
eko tālapaṇṇaṃ 4- gahetvā vīji, eko vīṇaṃ vādayamāno gāyanto nisīdi.
     So sayanupagamanena vigatakilamatho thokaṃ niddāyitvā vuṭṭhito
hatthapādanippīḷanaṃ asahamāno "ko me hatthapāde uppīḷeti, apagacchathā"ti tajjesi,
te ekavacaneneva apagacchiṃsu. Tato puna thokaṃ niddāyitvā vuṭṭhito pādaparimajjanaṃ
@Footnote: 1 dī.pā. 11/305/196   2 Ma. etha naṃ
@3 cha. paṭipādetvā  4 cha.Ma. tālavaṇṭaṃ
Asahamāno "ko me pāde parimajjati, apagacchā"ti āha, sopi ekavacaneneva
apagacchi. Puna thokaṃ niddāyitvā vuṭṭhito vātavuṭṭhi viya 1- tālapaṇṇavātaṃ
asahanto "ko esa, apagacchatū"ti āha, sopi ekavacaneneva apagacchi. Puna
thokaṃ niddāyitvā vuṭṭhito kaṇṇasūlaṃ viya gītavāditasaddaṃ asahamāno vīṇāvādakaṃ
tajjesi, sopi ekavacaneneva apagacchi. Athevaṃ anukkamena pahīnakilamathuppīḷana-
parimajjanavātappahāragītavāditasaddupaddavo sukhaṃ sayitvā vuṭṭhāya rañño santikaṃ
agamāsi. Rājāpissa mahantaṃ issariyamadāsi, so mahājanassa avassayo jāto.
     Tattha pānabyasanena pārijuññappatto so amaccaputto viya
anekabyasanapārijuññappatto gharāvāsagato kulaputto daṭṭhabbo, aṅgavijjāpāṭhako puriso
viya tathāgato, tassa purisassa "ayaṃ mahājanassa avassayo bhavissati, paṭijagganaṃ
arahatī"ti sanniṭṭhānaṃ viya tathāgatassa "ayaṃ mahājanassa avassayo bhavissati,
pabbajjaṃ arahati kulaputto"ti sanniṭṭhānakaraṇaṃ.
     Athassa amaccaputtassa mattikāmattena nhāpanaṃ viya kulaputtassāpi
pabbajjāpaṭilābho, athassa thūlasāṭakanivāsanaṃ viya imassāpi dasasikkhāpadasaṅkhāta-
sīlavatthanivāsanaṃ, puna tassa gandhodakanhāpanaṃ viya imassāpi pāṭimokkhasaṃvarādi-
sīlagandhodakanhāpanaṃ, puna  tassa sukhumadukūlayugalacchādanaṃ viya imassāpi
yathāvuttasīlavisuddhisampadāsaṅkhātadukūlacchādanaṃ.
     Dukūlacchāditassa panassa pāsādāropanaṃ viya imassāpi sīlavisuddhidukūlacchāditassa
samādhibhāvanāpāsādāropanaṃ, 2- tato tassa subhojanabhuñjanaṃ viya imassāpi
samādhiupakārakasatisampajaññādidhammāmataparibhuñjanaṃ.
     Bhuttabhojanassa pana tassa paricārakehi sayanāropanaṃ viya imassāpi vitakkādīhi
upacārajjhānāropanaṃ, puna tassa pānāgāragamanapaṭibāhanatthaṃ hatthapāduppīḷanakapurisacatukkaṃ
viya imassāpi kāmasaññābhimukhagamanapaṭibāhanatthaṃ ārammaṇe
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. vātavuṭṭhiṃ viya    2 cha. samādhibhāvanāpāsādārohanaṃ
Cittuppīḷanako nekkhammavitakko, tassa pādaparimajjakapuriso viya imassāpi ārammaṇe
cittānumajjako 1- vicāro, tassa tālapaṇṇavātadāyako viya imassāpi cetaso
sītalabhāvadāyikā pīti.
     Tassa sotānuggahakaro gandhabbapuriso viya imassāpi cittānuggāhakaṃ
somanassaṃ, tassa sayanupagamanena vigatakilamathassa thokaṃ niddupagamanaṃ viya imassāpi
upacārajjhānasannissayena vigatanīvaraṇakilamathassa paṭhamajjhānupagamanaṃ.
     Athassa niddāyitvā vuṭṭhitassa hatthapāduppīḷanāsahanena hatthapāduppīḷakānaṃ
santajjanaṃ tesañca apagamanena puna thokaṃ niddupagamanaṃ viya imassāpi paṭhamajjhānato
vuṭṭhitassa cittuppīḷanakavitakkāsahanena vitakkadosadassanaṃ vitakkappahānā
ca puna avitakkavicāramattadutiyajjhānupagamanaṃ.
     Tato tassa punappunaṃ niddāyitvā vuṭṭhitassa yathāvuttena kamena
pādaparimajjanādīnaṃ asahanena paṭipāṭiyā pādaparimajjakādīnaṃ santajjanaṃ tesaṃ tesañca
apagamanena punappunaṃ thokaṃ niddupagamanaṃ viya imassāpi punappunaṃ dutiyādīhi
jhānehi vuṭṭhitassa yathāvuttadosānaṃ vicārādīnaṃ asahanena paṭipāṭiyā
vicārādidosadassanaṃ tesaṃ tesañca pahānā punappunaṃ avitakkāvicāranippītikapahīna-
somanassajjhānupagamanaṃ.
     Tassa pana sayanā vuṭṭhāya rañño santikaṃ gatassa issariyappatti viya
imassāpi pañcamajjhānato vuṭṭhitassa vipassanāmaggaṃ upagatassa arahattappatti.
     Tassa pattissariyassa bahunnaṃ janānaṃ avassayabhāvo viya imassāpi
arahattappattassa bahunnaṃ avassayabhāvopi veditabbo. Ettāvatā hi esa
anuttaraṃ puññakkhettaṃ nāma hotīti.
                         Pañcakanayo niṭṭhito.
     Ettāvatā catukkapañcakanayadvayabhedo suddhikanavako nāma pakāsito hoti.
Atthato panesa pañcakanaye catukkanayassa paviṭṭhattā jhānapañcakoevāti veditabbo.
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. cittānumajjanako



             The Pali Atthakatha in Roman Book 53 page 232-235. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=53&A=5817              อรรถกถาบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=53&A=5817              อ่านอรรถกถาแปลไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=34&i=149              เนื้อความพระไตรปิฎกฉบับหลวง :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=34&A=1343              พระไตรปิฎกฉบับบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=34&A=956              The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=34&A=956              Contents of The Tipitaka Volume 34 http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_34

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