͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ Թ.. (ڵ.)

     Էҹ ԡڢһڤ ͵ڶ dzڳ   صڵ
 ҵ  ҷʵҷ ͵ڶ  ҵ Եھ 
 ҷʵҷչ  ҹ  ͵ڶ  
ҵ Իҵڵ µ ͵ڶ ڨ ͹ ؤڤ
໵   ͵ڶ ʹ ͹ ؤڤŷջ
ʷڷ    ͵ڶ  ǷԵ  
ҵ ⡨յ صڵ ˵      ⡨
  ԧڤصڵҵԹ⤵ڵ⤨
ࡹҡù µ      
ʹ ҷʵҷ  ڶ ҷʵ ԧڤʹ
ҷ  ҷ  ˵      
ͷ  ڤèک     ҵ ͵ 
¶ص⵵ ¤ʹ ¹  ൹  ص ˵
ǡص  طص  ʸص ҵ ͵ 
¶Ҫ⨵ ҵʹ      ˵ ڵ
      ҵ ͵  ¶ҹ
ʹ ¶ҹ  ҹ  ˵ طڸáڢ 
áڢ  ʧڦáڢ ҵ ͵  ¶⤵⵵
⤵ڵʹ ¶⤵  ⤵  ¹  ൹ 
⤵൹ ˵ ڨ  ʯ   ҵ
͵  ¶ŵ  ¶    ˵
ǡ  ط  ʸ ҵ ͵ 
¶յ ػ ¶    ˵
ǡ  ط  ʸ ҵ ͵ 
¶⤨õ ⤨ػ ¶⤨  ⤨  ˵
ǡ⤨  ط⤨  ʸ⤨ ҵ ͵ 
 ҵҷ  رڲҷ     ˵
Իسڳʵ   ٹڨʵ  
͵áڨʵ ڬ ҵ ͵  Ͷ ʾ
 ͵  بڨ  ҵ 
     ԡڢعԷ ԡڢյ ԡڢ    
  Ҩ Ҩյ ͵  طڸҷ ͪڬٻ
ԡڢҨ ͪڬٻڵ ԡڢҨ ͪڬٻ   
 ⡨ ͻڻ  ˹ڵ  ڢڸ  ͤ
͹ ھ  áڢҷ Եڻ Ե
ԧڤڻԨک ԡڢҨ ͪڬٻ⵵ ԡڢ 
ûԾڸԡڵ   Ҫڵ حڪ⹻ ԡڢҨ
ͪڬٻ⵵ ԡڢ  ԳڱŻ  ھڪ
˪ҵڵ  ԡڢҨ ͪڬٻ⵵ ԡڢ 
ͤڦdzڳ෹ Թڹ  õյ Թڹ  ڶ
ʵڶ੷๹ ͤڦ ǷԵ  ʤڦ⡻  
ʵڶࡹ ڱҢڱԡ Թ Թڹ ˵ ڦ
ػڲڻ  ͤڦ  صڵԾھ๹  ǷԵ 
آڼʻ   ص Ծھ Թڹ ˵
ڼʵ һسҵ  ٨ҷ dzڳ ǷԵ 
ػط⸻   ٨ԡ  ٨Ź ˵ڶʷŪԡ
 êڻ  Թڹdz ˵ dzڳ
Ԫ˵   ҡ Թڹ  ó Թڹõ
ԡڢ  ǵڶҤҹ ҹ  ó
Թڹõ ԡڢ  ҵ ڵ ùҵ
͵     ͡ ԡڢٵ µ   
ڵҷ ԡڢ  û ˵ ʵ
ԡڢ  ԡڢٵ Ƿڵ  ԭҵ ͵ڵ Ԫҹ๹ 
ԭ»  ͡ ԡڢٵ µ    ͵ڶҵ
  ԡڢٵҷ     
ҹڷù صڵ ԡ ԭ  õڵह 
һ Ի Ҥکڵ  ͵ڶҵ ص ͸ԡ
ԭ ٵڶ  ԡڢٵ Ƿڵ  ԡڢٵ ԡڢ
   ԡڢٵ  Ǩ൹ ԡڢ
ԡڢٻڻ     ԡڢ ػڻڹ
ؤڤ  õڵءŹڵ dzڳdzڳ ڢԳ˵ڶ
Ե  Ԩکù  ԡڢ  ڨ
 ءڢ ͹ڵҵ Ƿ    
Ǩ๹ ԧڤ ͹ڵøµ ھڪ  ػڻ  ˵
ڱ  ˵ ͡ ʵ ͡ ػԵ ͡
 ໵ ʡ Ťڤػڻdzڳڵԡһ 
     Ԩíڨ         ٨  ڸ
     ๹     صڵ¤ ԡڢ⹵
 ص ͯ ԡڢ  ء ʵԡ
 һڻ طڸҨ طڸٻڬ ھطڸ
ǹڷ ԯ    ⾸ ͡ 
ԡڢػڻ ػڻ෵   ػڻڹҹ 
ٻ ͡ڵصڵҹ ճ ԡڢʵҹ   ¶շ 
ڨ ڨǤڤµ  Żص   ػڻڳ
¡ ڷǤڤ ʻҳ ʷڸ  ͤڤ
ͱڲʵ ԾھҪ  ͧڤŵõ  صڵਵ
ͯ
       ճ ʵ ʭڨ         ڵ عһ
          ʻڻ   ʾ  ԡڢءҵ 
 ŭڨ  ͭ  ʹڵ  ¶շ  ʵ
  ʻ ҡڻ
 ǵڶ Żصڵ 
¹ԡҵҷ    Թ»ԯ 
 Էڷԯڵ  صڵ   ڶ Էڷԯڵ صڵ 
       ʵڵҹ          ճ ʵҹ 
       ൻ ʾ ʧڢҵ    ʾ  ԡڢءҵ 
 ó ػڻ⹵ طڸ ó کյҷԹ
¹ ԡڢڵ Ҩ Թڷ ص  ó
ػڻ 
       ػڻ  ͯԸ ԡڢػڻ
óػڻ ҷԤڤ˳ػڻ ˾ҡóػڻ
ظԤڤ˳ػڻ ൹ػڻ
ͯҨԡ ػڻ ڵԨصڶػڻ  ڶ
ԡڢػڻ óػڻ  صڵ  
ҷԤڤ˳ػڻ     ʻ  ԡڢԵھ
Ծھ  õڵڻ ڨػԵ ʵ   ڬ
ҵ    ʻ ԡڢԵھ    ʻ 
ԡڢԵھ §ڡԭڨ   ٻԵ ʾھڵ
ͯԡ ԡ ʾھ ਵ ڹԵ Ե
 յ    ʻ ԡڢԵھ  
 ʻ  ԡڢԵھ ҵˤ   ¤ʵ  
Ԫʵյ    ʻ ԡڢԵھڵ Թ ҷԤڤ೹
ҡʻ ͹حҵػڻ  ˾ҡóػڻ
 ʻҡ ͹حҵػڻ   
ؾھ ͹بڡڵ ʻҡ  طڸҵʭҵ
 ʻҡ ٻʭҵ    ҹڶ ҹҾ­ڪ
ط ͡ڶ ­ڪ ҹڵ  
بک    ҡ    Ҹء 
  ʻҡҵ بک  ʵڵ ҵ 
ʻҡ   ʾھص೹ ʷڸ ʹ෵ 
ҡյ ÷ڸԵ - ػڻ ͹تҹҵ  
˾ҡóػڻ  ظԤڤ˳ػڻ 
һһ ͯظԤڤ೹ ͹حҵػڻ  ൹
@ԧö: . ÷ڸ ʻࡹ ҸԵ Եڵ ͵ҵ ÷ڸԵ⵵ ªԤڤ 
ػڻ  ͱڲ ԡ ͹حҵػڻ 
ͯҨԡ ػڻ  ԡڢع ԡڢعʧڦ ڵԨصඹ
ԡڢʧڦ ڵԨصඹҵ    ػڻ 
ڵԨصڶػڻ  ԡڢٹ ͵ ػڻ 
      ͯ ػڻ   ͹تҹ ԡڢ
  ó ھڪ ػڻڵ -  ͹حҵ
 ػڻ ػڻ⹵ صڵ ˵  õ
ͻһ  ҳضتڪҷ     ù
Ź ҸԹ  صڵ صڵԭҳ๹ 
ڹҤڵ  ԡڢٵ ʧڢ کڵ  õ
 ҷ ڹҤڵ dzڳڹҤ 
   ԡڢٵ ǷԵ  Ԥڡ༤ڤ 
ճ õ ǷԵ  ʡ⢵ ضتڪҳࡹ
ʷڸ ʵڵ   ԡڢ ԡڢڵյ ʡڢ  
⡨ ʡ ԡڢٵ ǷԵ   ԡڢյ ʡ 
ʡڢ ͵ԡڡ ͤڤ   صڵ ԡڢԵھ
ճ ʡ⢵ بڨ  ह ʧহҵ
ʾھڵ ¹ ڨǤڤó  ǵԡ ԡڢ
ڻڵ  Ҥڵ ڷҹ ڷ ˯ڵ
آٵҹڨ ͻԡʹ ͡  ڤ ػ൹
@ԧö: . . Ǥڤ. /.
ʧহ  ڵԨصඹҵ  ͹ǹ ͡ ڵ
ڵྐྵ  ҵ ࡹ Թ¡  ͡ػ໹ҵ
ǵڶڵ͹ǹһڻڵڻڹڵ ໵ھ
ͻԡԵھ ػ൹  ҹ˹ҵ ó˹
ʵڶʹ˹  ػڻ  ػ һ ⵵
͵  ԡڢ  ػ   ¶ص൹ 
һڹڵ ػڻ⹵ بڨ 
     ͵ڶ  ڵԨصڶ ͡ Ҥ    
 ڵ ʧڦҹ Ե Եڶ ඵھҹ 
 ʾھ ͯ صڵ  ҹ  ͻš ڵԡ
ڵԷص¡ ڵԨصڶڵ Իү ໵ Եڶù
ڸ  ڤ   Ե
Եҹ  ҹ   
dzڳ    ʵ Ҫԡdzڳ  
ʵ  ¶Ե   dzڳ ԭ ʵ 
ҹ  ҹҹ حҹ ʹڵ   ͹ػdzڳ
 
     ҵ  ԡڢ⡵ҷԹ ¹ ص ԡڢ 
 ԡڢٵ   ԡڢ  ह ʧহ 
ػڻ⹵ ͯ ػڻ ڵԨص 
ػڻ    ͵ ͸Ի ԡڢٵ 
 ع  Ե Ҫ ˵յ ͵ ԡڢٵ
͸Ի  Ե  ԡڢ⡵ҷ ͵ڶطڸʹ
صڵ    ԡڢ⡵ҷ صڵʹ صڵ 
 ԡڢ ԭ ԡڢٵ   һʹ
صڵ  ԡڢٵ طู ػڬ¹ ŷڸػڻʹ
صڵ  óԡڢ ͹ػڻڹ Ҩ ػڻڹʹ
ص  õҷ سʹ صڵҵ ǷԵھ 
     Էҹ ԡڢٹڵ   ʵڶ Ե
 ԡڢڨ Ҫǭڨ һڹڵ ԡڢٹ ԡڢҪһ
˵  ʹ ԡڢҵҷ  ڶ ԡڢԵھҵ
ԡڢ  ʵ Ԩ  ͸ԡڢҵ ͸ԡ صڵ
Źڵ ͸  ͸ŭڨ  ԡڢԵھ ԡڢ ҵ
͸ԡڢ    ͸ԨԵڵ͸Իԡڢ 
      ๵ڶ   ͸  Եڵ 
͸ԨԵڵ    ͸Իڻҵ  بڨ 
ڨڤʧڤŹڵ     ط ػڻ๻
͹ػڻ๻  ǵڵ  ػڻ ط   طڸһ
ǡһ Ҫ ҷ໹ڵ  ͹ػڻ ط ਡطڸ
 ҷ ԡ   ڡǵڵ 
Ҫ ⾸ʵڵ  ҷ໹ڵ  ڻ ڱԵ
 ҷ¹ڵ    š Իõ
    ڻڵ ͹ڵ  үڢ
 ͸Źڵ بڨ      ⪵ҹ  
ھҹ ʾھšҹ ͸ԡ صڵڨ طڸػڻ 
 ǵڵ  Թ طڸػڻҷ     ڵ طڸԵ
ͭ ʵ  ʡ⡵  طڸ   ʾھ
ǨշͪڬҨʵ ԹڷԵ   յԡڡ
͹بکԡ   ໹ڵյ  үڢ⵻Ԩ
ڤڻصڵ  ͸    Ը ͹Ի໵   
һ ԡڢ ع  ǵ  Ǩҹ ͯ
ŨԵڵҹ šͯһڵԨԵڵҹ  ͡ڬ  Եڵҵ
ǷԵھҹ  طڸػڻҷҹػڻ  ǵڵ ҷ
ҷҹڨ  صڵ ǷԵھ  Իʹһҷ
ͯһڵԨԵڵ  ͸ԨԵڵڵ بڨ    ͸ 
ҹ ʾھš¨Եڵҹ ͸ԡ صڵڨ طڸػڻ 
 ˵  Թ طڸػڻҷ  ⵻  ڤŨԵڵ
͸ԨԵڵ    Ը ͹Ի໵    һ
ԡڢ ع  ǵ  ͵ڶ Թڹ ͵ڶ
ԯڵҷԹ»ڻǵڵ  ʡҳ     ط
ػڻ๻ ͹ػڻ๻  ǵڵ  ػڻ ط 
 طڸһ ǡһ Ҫ ҷ໹ڵ  ͹ػڻ
ط ਡطڸ ҷ  ԡ 
ڡǵڵ  Ҫ ⾸ʵڵ  ҷ໹ڵ  ڻ
ڱԵ ʵڵ ҷ¹ڵ    ͧڡ ҹ
ҷҹ ͷ   ʹڵ ͭ  
ڱԵ ҷҹҹ ͷ    Ÿ Իõ
    ڻڵ ͹  šڢҡûԨ੷
 Իʹҳ ͸Իڻҵ بڨ    ͸͸ԨԵڵҹ
 ŨԵڵҹ ʾھš»ڻҹ ͸ԡ صڵ   Թ
طڸػڻҷ  ǵڵ  ⵻  ڤŻڻ
͸Իڻ    Ը ͹Ի໵    һ
ԡڢ ع  ǵյ 
     ҵ   ԡڢ    ͸ԡڢҵ
  үڢʧڢҵ ͸ԡڢ  ͵ Ҫǹڹҵ
͵ ʾھڻ ǵ Թ Ե ԡڢһ  ͵ڶ
ҹʪҵ⤵ڵҷԹڹ ԡڢ  ǹڵ ͡ԡ
Ҥԡ Ҥصڵ ˹ڵ  Ҫǹڵ بڨ 
 ԡڢյ  ԡڢһ Եڵ ͸ԡó 
¶ԡڢһ  ԡڢ  ԡڢյ Ե൹ ࡹ
ԡڢ   ŭڨ Ҫʧڢ ԡڢһ ԡڢ
ԡڢ» ԡڢ  ͵ Ҫǹڹҵ   ͹ڵ
 ʹ  ԡڢյ صڵ  ԭڨһ   صڵ
Ͷ ڶ ͵    ԡڢ ԡڢ
Իù ԡڢ ԭڨ ԡڢһ յԡڡ ԡڢյ 
൹ بڨ Ҫһ⹵ Էڻ ͹ڵ Ҫǻ
ʹ صڵ     ԡڢڻ һ 
ԡڢһ⹵Ի ͵ڶ ǷԵ    ʵ
ԡڢҪһ⹵ ͵  Ҫ Իسڳ ˵ 



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=1&A=5920 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=1&A=5920 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=1&i=25 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=1&A=782 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=1&A=796 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=1&A=796 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_1

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com