͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (õڶ.)

                            . ءڢǤڤ
                        . ʹصڵdzڳ
    [] ءڢǤڤ  ⹵ ػԡڢ. óڵ
 ó ͡ "๡Ը ҹڻá" ǵ Եڵ ?
  ʾھءڢ Եڵ. ¶     
  ˵,    ʾھ ءڢ Ե ˵.
 "  Է ๡Ը ҹڻá ءڢ  ػڻڪ"
ҵ - Ե   ʾھ ءڢ ʵ   ˹ 
ó .
    óøػڻԹյ óø ػڻǹ
ԡڡʵ طڸ ʷ ص Թյ ͵.  Ի  ˵յ
@ԧö:  ..,.........ʹ        . ǵ, . ˵
¶  Ի⹵ بڨ,  Ի ˵. ͹ظյ Ծھҹ
͹ؤ ԻڵԸ õ, õյ ͵. ءڢڢ Ի⹵ 
ҷ  óءڢ øڶ Ի. ʧڢùøҵ
ʧڢ÷ءڢ øڶ. ͵ڵǵ  ˵ڵ - ʹ Ե.
    Էҹ ˵ڵŻڨǡڢ ʵíڨ ʵ ʹ
ǵ൵ھ ,  ͡ ԪڪҤ⵵ Է  ˵յ?
ճ ԡڡڵǯگءڢʹڶ. ͻԨ ع ǯگ Ե ǯ
 تڬʵ ਵڶ ͵ڶ,  ͪڬʹһ Է ˵յ
ǷԵ. ڶ ԪڪҤ⵵ Ԫڪ  ػ ڹҤ.
ʻؤڤŵ  ؤڤ. ¹һ ԡ ඵ. طڸҹ 
ԡ ڶҵ   ˹ڵ. ڶ "ʵ  
ؤڤ  "  ǵڵ ԡ . "ڸ ҵ
µҹ"  ǵڵ ڶ . ڶ ඹڵһ 
حڨԵ ඹڵ.   - ඹڵһ ڶ ඹڵһ ʨڨ
ඹڵ.  صڵ:-
          ʨڨҹ ͡ڢ     ھط Ƿ 
          ڶڨ         ٻž.
         ʧࡵǨ ʨڨ        šԡó -
         ڶǨ ʨڨ        ҹ *- ٵšڢ". -
@ԧö:  . ˵ڵ              .....ó
@* . ٵšڢҵ           .. //
   ح ʧڢùڵ ਵ حʧڢ. ʧڢõյ
õ. - حٻ ˵ ԭҳڵ ԭҳ ح ػ
ڻصڵ ˵, Իҡԭҳڻ Իҡح. ͻح ʧڢùڵ
ҷਵ ͻحʧڢ. - ๭ڪ ʧڢùڵ ਵ
๭ڪʧڢ. ๭ڪٻ ˵ ԭҳڵ ๭હ ԭҳ,
Իҡ๭હ Իҡԭҳ ػ ˵. ͵ڶ  Ը ʧڢ
Եڵ ҷʻ ڨҡ  ˵. ͵ڵǵ ǯگ Ե.
    Էҹ ǯگ ʹ   ԡڢǵҷ. ڶ Ԫڪҵ
 ʨ ͭҳ. Ԫڪҵ ˵ڵڤҳ. ͵ڶ  -  Ԫڪ
չ Ԫڪ ػڻڪյ. - ¶  çऻ  õڵ ջتڪ๹
͹ڸ µ,  Ԫڪػڻҷ Ԫڪ ҹ ǷԵھ.  ԭڨ
 ػҷµյ  ԭڨ   ҵ  ʵ. ͹ػҷ 
Եʵյ ͹ػҷ¹ ͤڤ˹  һԵʹ. »Եʹ
Եʵ,  µ -  µյ ͵. ڨڵҵ  ͵ڵ
ԹԾھµ,  ͭ ҹǹ.
     آ Ƿڵ Է  ? ճ ڨǡڢ -
ʵ ʵ ʵ . ͹Եҵ  Ե
Թԯ໵ ͤڤԵ. Ͷ ءڢǷ  صڵ, Թҵڻ Թڷ
͵ڶյ?  ͵ڶ. آ Թڷ  ءڢ Թڷ  ءڢ 
@ԧö:  .,. õ        ..,. ͻحʧڢ ʧڢõ
@ .,. ͵ڶ      ..,. ػڻڪ
@ .  µ.       ..,. ڨǡڢҳ
آ ڶ آ  ԻԳءڢ⵵. »¹ڵԡڵ »ԨکԹڹ, -
 ڨá ǵڵ, -  ǵڵ ڨԡǷڵ ͵.
Ե¹ڵԡڵ ԵԨکԹڹ, -  Ե ǵڵ,  ǵڵ
⹷ԡǷڵ ͵.
    ڶ ڨԡǷ ک ػڻڪԵ  تڬ, ⹷ԡǷ
 ػڻڪԵ ک تڬ.   ʹڸԡڢ ǵٻ
ԯҵ. ڨԡ ǵ ڨʹ ǵڵҹ 
ʵʡ êʹ˹ʹ ͸ڵ ǵ ˵, ڳʡ
Ե ˵, ʯʡ  ҹ յԹصʡ ڷ
˵.   ʵڵ "õڵ ͡ շ Իڪ" Ƿൻ
" ʭڪҹ" Ƿڵ. ͸ڵҹԻ ٻҷҹ "  
س," "ؤڸ ؤڤڸ  Ҹ Ҹ  ڸ طءڵ  
ҹ" Ƿڵ. Ե  ڨԡǷ ڤ ˵, ⹷ԡ
ǵڵ. һ ͹ػؾྐྵ ҹ ó ˷⡯  ǵڵ.
-   ǵڵ, -  ʵ ǵյ بڨ. · ڻǵڵ,
  ط⸵ بڨ.
     һ ໵:- ¶   ڨطڤڻڹ
һ ,   د ڨ ط ط Ե ͹һ
 , عڻع  ʹ ط õ صڲªڤ
@ԧö:  .,. ¹ڵԡ »ԨکԹڹ         ..,. ǵڵ
@ . Եڵԡ ԵԨکԹڹ            ..,. 
͵Ե - ط ԯ   ʹڷҹ, Ͷ Էڸ Ե
ࢵ   ط ԡڢڵ, ʻҡ ط ԡڢڵ, ط
չ " " ǵڵھ һ,   - Ի˹
 ط ʳ.     ˵,  "һ
ط ͵ڶ" ʧڢ ک. ·  ڶ Ԫڪ,  "һ ط
ڶ" بڨ,  ڻԷ ǷԵھ.
      ʹ ڨ  ط ʹ үҹ -
ó    ʹڸԡڢ ⹷ԡǷ ǵڶ
ԯԵ, عڻع  ʹ ڨڹ ڤҹ Ե 
ǵ ڨԡǷ ǵڵԡ, صڲªڤ - ͪ⬵ڶó 
 ʵʡ êҷʹ  ͸ڵ,  һ
ط  Ԥڤک,  ҳһ - Ե  ʡ
 Ե, Էڸ    ط
ԡڢ  ʯʡ   ҹ, ط د -
ط Ե⵷ Ե  յԹصʡ ڨԡǷ
ڷ,  ط ԯҹ  ˷ǵڶ⡯ 
⹷ԡǷ ǵڵԡ,  Եൻ ط ʵ "һ ط
͵ڶ" ǵڵھ    ǵڵ,  "ʵ ǵ" بڨյ. -
¶   ط Թ "ڶ һ ط" بڨ, 
@ԧö:  ..,. صڲªڵ ͵ڶԵ
@ .              .,.,. ͹үҹ
@ ..,....ڵ    ..,.  һ
@ ...        ..,. بڨ
⹷ԡǷ ǵڵҹ - "ʵ " بڨ. Է - Ƿ ʹڸ
صڵ "Ե¹ڵԡ Ƿ Ƿ".
     ҵ  ෹. Եҷҹ طڸڵ Եڢ
طڸ. ҵ ʹڸʹ  - ͤڵ . յʹڵյ
ǵڵԻڼڷöԵҹ - յҹ ͻڻǵڵҹ ʹڵ. ҹյ
ҵҹ. ʹڵյ ԯҹ ʹڵ.
    ûҡҵ  Ҫҹ. ԯҵ -
. ҹյ  آǯگ ͡Ҿڸҹ - ҹ.  -
عڵ ԯ.  ⢵ ͵ڶ Է ͻʹڷ:-
ҷԵڵû     ھ,   ¤Ǩ,
ҡ. Ҫҹ óڱ  ˵ڵڤҳ, 
  ʧڢ Ծھҹ, - ڱࡹ سˡ ҡڲԵ 
  Ե  ÷ڸԻʡ ٻʵڵ ٻʵڵ
Իʹڵ  -   ػ ٻ صʻڻҷ
Ե ͡ Թڹ Իʹ DZವ ͤڤ ˵ڵ 
 ͻ ͵ڵ طڸԵ һڵʹ ʧڢ  -
Ծھҹ - . ճ  سˡ   ˵ڵڵ
 ԹԾھµ, - ʹڻdz   ʯҹ
ԨԵ - Եڵڻǵڵ ػҷԹڹڢڸ ͹ػҷ
@ԧö:  ..,. ͻڻǵڵҹ     ..,.     ..,. 
@ ..,. ǵڵ.....   . , .. , . 
@ . ͡ڸҹ    ..,. ҹ   . Ծھҹ
@ ..        ..,.    ʵ
@ ..,. Ծھҹ Ե    ..  ԹԾھҵ
@ . Ե, .. 
Ծھҹҵ ԹԾھµ. - Ͷ   ҹ -
͹ػҷԹڹ ʹڵյ. ҹ ʹڵյ ҹҵյ Է 
ճ ͹¤ûڶ صڵ.
    ԭҳ ¶ҵ ʹڸԭҳ ¶. Ҹ Ҹٵ
ҹ ҡó ڻʵ. ڵ ෵  ʧڢ ʵ
ʹڸԭҳ ͻҳڵҷ,  ͵. ͸حڨҵ
ԯҹʧڢҵ - ͸ڢ . ǹ ءڢҵ  ǯگءڢ
͹  Ԩ, ·Է Ծھҹڵ. .



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=12&A=1937 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=12&A=1937 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=16&i=188 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=16&A=2166 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=16&A=1953 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=16&A=1953 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_16

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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