͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (õڶ.)

                         . عڷصڵdzڳ
    []  ٵ  . ̡ࡵ Ҫ
Է ͵ڵ ʹڵ  . ع طʵ 
 ʹһ ԯҵ,  ԡڢ ͹ػڻڹ "ع
ط" طҨԵ ᯠ طҨ. ൹ صڵ "ع
ط". ػ ˵յ ⢷ڵ๹ 
dzڪԯԻԡóڵäڤ೹  ػҹ ˵.
ԹԾھյ ͹ػҷ Ծھҹҵ ԹԾھ.  ŵ? 
ԹԾھҹǨک.
     ͹ػؾھԡ:-   صڶ Ǥ ԡڢԵ
"ǵڶ " Ҥ Թǵ൹ ͹ػؾྐྵ ǵڶ 
વǹ . ʹһ  ǵڵ ʵ үҹ , 
ڶ ͹ ǵڵ ʵ ԡڡ үҹ ڪԵ
ڱ ໵  ڢŵ ŧڡ تԵ һڵ
. Ͷ ¶ Ԩ෹ -  دԵ  Ե طҷ
"طڸ    ԹԾھʹڵ, - ط ͤڤǡ", 
"ͤڤǡ "  ͵ڵ ʧڢ .  "ʵڵ 
ʧڢ ǵڵʹڵ"  "ڶ ԹԾھ" Թ.
@ԧö:  .. ʵյ       . ͷڸһԨ෹       .. ԹԾھ¹ڵ
     " ǵ ԹԾھ, ͭ⡳ڱ ڷڵ,
 ڶ ԹԾھ" عڻع Թ൹ ҵ þ
ʵ - ػڻ " ҵ ʵڵڹ ˹ڵҹ ҵ صһ
طڸ ͻڻʹڹ, ͵ڶ    ػ, ڶ  ".
ʵһڵڤ ػ  " ʹ  ʵ" ࡹ
" ʹ ʵ,  ͭ.    ͻء
, ʹڵ  ǵڵ `Իصڵ ʪҹڻ  ˵,
  Եڵصڵڵʹҷ - ⡯ʵǵ ˵ڵڻڵ,
  Էڸǵҹ  ڶ, ͭ   ๡
 ʹڵ,   Եڵ ෵ ʤ Ծھڵ յ
ҹ,  ҹ ʡҵԨکҷʹڵڻ Ե ʡڢ', 
ҵ Ԩکҷʹ ਵ  ԹԾھ" ʹڹԯҹ
 "ͪ ǹڵ ͹تҹ໵ ԡڢ" عڷ 
" عڷ ҡ ڨʵ ԡڢػ ʭ , `˶
ڵҹ, ʹһ š ڵء".   ͡.
    ԡڢ ʹʹ  ڵҷ  ʹڵԡ ͤ. 
ʹʹ  үҹ ڪԵ үҹ  үҹ
ࡵ "Է ҹ کʹ, ع Ҥ ڶ" ڨʵԡڢػ
ǹڵ ػʧڡԵ ǹڷԵ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ "͹تҹҵ  
, ͹تҹҵ ؤ, ԹԾھҹ , ʯ  ʧڢ".
طڸ   "ԹԾھ" ص ódzڳ dz೹ڵյ, "
ԹԾھ" ص ǯگ س ඹڵյ Ԩکҷԯԡ 
ʹڵ, -
@ԧö:  . Ǥ       ͧ. ء. / ҷ/    .,. ໹ڵ
 ڻ  Ƿڵ. ൹   "ڶ ԹԾھ Իصڵ"
ǵڵ "͵ڶ   š , ڶ ԹԾھ"
ص " ҹ  Իصڵ  , Էҹ  
યԯҵԡҹ ҷ ԡڢ ʹ  ʵ,  
" .
     "ʵڶ  Էڸԡؾھؾھڤ ʹ ڨʵ"
 ǹڵ ǹڷԵ Żڻҳ ҡ ;ؤڤڵ  ʾ
 ǹڷ, ع ԵŻڻҳ ;ؤڤڵ  ʾ 
ǹڷ, ൹ػ¹ ʵڵŻڻҳ ;ؤڤڵ ๡ҹ үʵҹ
ʹ  . ๹ ¹ ඵ, ͷ๹.
ػ  ˯  ػڲ¹ ඵ ͷ๹ ๹,
Ź ڷdzڳ ʵ, Ź dzڳ, Ź ھdzڳ, Ź
طڷdzڳ, Ź ڡǵڵҪ ˵, Ź dzҪ, Ź
ʡ Ҫ, Ź Ҿҵ  ๡ҹ үʵҹ ʹ
 . ʡŹ ʹڹԻ.    ʾ  ǹڷԵ
ͯ. Ͷ  ʵڶ  "   Իصڵ ".
ԡ  - ൵. ڦ Իصڵ ԡ ڦ Իصڵ
ԡ⵵.
     ŵڵdz ˵ õ ʵڶ dzڳکʷ 
⤻ڼ ˵ "  ҷҹ ǹڷڶ ڻʵҸԡ
ʧ  Ե,    ڶ ,  ҹ 
@ԧö:  .,. ˹ԡ 
ʹڸʹ  ع ͡ ʹڹԻ Ҥ ͵ڶ, Թ 
,  طڸʵ ԯ ͪ   آ յ 
Ծھҹ ,   ԭڨ ԡ  Ҩԡ   ਸ਼,
  ,  ˹".   Իصڵ,    
ԭڨ ԡ  Ҩԡ   بڨ ͵ڶ,  ҹ  Իصڵ
 յ.
    Ե ǵ ͹حҵڵ ʵڶ  ǹڷԵ دԵ
 بڡǹڵڱھ ҹһ "ͪڪ 
س õ  ʡ" Ƿڵ  ͡ڻ ҹ һ
 ط¹ڵ ͡ڻ, ҡ Ƿعڷ ,  دԵ
⻡ڢ .
    ʵڶ "ʹһ Ի" ʹ د ڸد
ڵ Լ ͯ.  ԡڢڵ ڢԳ   
ǹڷԵ "  ڻʵҸԡ ʧ ػ 
ھطڸ ҷ ԻڪԵ ҡ ʹ ,   ڶ
Էڸ, ԯ ,  ʹ, Է کʹ, ع ҡ
ʹ ڶ" ǵ ʹҹتڪ ͭڪ ڤ  ʹ
 ԡڡԵ ǹڷԵ ڡ. ع һ õ ʡ⡹ڵ
ط¹ڵ  ͡ڻ.
     õ  ԡڢ  "͹ؤک ԡڢ ҡ
યҵԡ".   ʻ  ھطڸ ͡ વ
  ԡڢ. ǵڶԹ⹻ "Իصڵ 
ھطڸ һبکԵ ԹԾھԵء ԡڢ,  "
÷ҹ áҹ ùڵ ԡڢԵ ڸҷ˵ڶ  ԡԵ
"Էҹ   һ Թ,  ʹһ Թ" بکڵ
" ʹڵԡ ,  ˵ ʡڡ ໵  ڡ"ҷԹ
¹ ǹڵ ÷ڵ  ͹ؾڸ.
     һ Եڵ "ʾ ͹ԡڡ  "
Ҫ ǷԵ "˻  ԯ,  ʾ ҷ һڪԵڶ"
ԡڢڻ ǵ൵ ͵ڵ  ʷڸ ڡ. »  "ؾ
 ڨҤԡ õ, Է ҹ   ع ڨҤ"
ǹڵ ͹ؾڸ, ൻ "ͻڻڵ  ˶,  
ʧڢ" ǵ.
    Ͷ  Իص ʾھڶ ͡õڵʹ ͹ڵ ʵڵ
ҹ ʧڤ ù  š   øءڢ
ͯ. Ͷ ػ   Ҥ Ԥ ک
  ػʧڡԵ ǹڷԵ ͯ.    "͵ڶ  
ԡ".  ൵. ک ҡ ԸҤ , " Ҥ"
 ص "ͪڪ  ͡ ͹ⵤ ʵ, á Ԫڤ,
ڨڹڨ  ԡڢʵҹ ʹҹ ҹҶ".  ڵ   "
 ҵ Ҥ" . Էҹ Թڵ. õ. ͡, ͭ
⡨ ͵ڶյ. ͵ڶ ڨʵ ԡڢٵ. ֡ó Ҥ⵵.   ǵڵ .
 "   ͵ڵҹ ʹҹ Ԫڤ໵, á ھԵ
š  ˵ء" Թ൹ڵ á Ԫڤ໵ ڨʵҹ
ʹҹ õ ڱջԡ ŵ  .
     ԡڢ ʷڸ ҷ  á Ե շ, շԵ
"ҡ ʹҹ ک" ԡڢ ,   
 Ҿ ػڻڪ, Եڢڷԡ óڵԡ Ƿ ǵڵڵ. ͡
Ҫ ʵ, ͡ ԡڢ.  " صڵ ǵڵ  
بڨ" ͵ڵ ʹ  ͯ.
    ڵ Ҫ "ʹһ  õ" ࡹڵ "š
 ԹԾھҹ Ի, کʹ "
Ҥ ǹڷԵ ͯ.  ˵. Ҫ ൵.  Ҥڶҵ.
ҹػҡ ҵ. "˵, ͵ڶ ҹػ, ک "
.    ¹ ʡ ҹԹ.  
Ҿ  Ҥ. ൻ   .
     ǵҹ Ҥڨ ڨ  "    
صڵ ǹڷԵ کڵ"   ڵ "ҵ عڷ 
ǵڵ" بک.   ǵڵ ҨԡڢԵ "ػԡ  Ҥ"
.  "  Ҥ" بک.  " ҵ ʹڶ"
ǵ "ҵ   Ҥ" بک. ڵ Ҫ ػࡵ.
ҵ    ˹ڵõ. ԡʷ  ػ, ҡ
ʵڶ ʹڸԤڤ˳  ڤ˵ڶ ص áڢ ͡ٵ.  ҵ
  Ҥ⵵. ʡ ҹԹⷵ. Ҫ⵻  ҵ
˹ڵõ. ڱڤˡʷ  ػ, ҡ ʵڶ ǵ
͵ó ڵ ˵ ͵Գ⳵.  ҵ  ⪵
  Ҥ⵵. ػ    ʵڶ  Ҿ  ʵ.
  Ҿ⵻  ҵ ˹ڵõ.  ػ,  
 ҡ ʵڶ ҵ ڵ Ҿ һ dzڳŹ
Ԥڤٵ.
    Ͷ  "صڵ    ҹ, շ ǵ 
صڵ  ʵڶ ҹ ʵ" Թڵ¹ڵ  ڨdzڳ յ
ػڻڪԵ ʡ .  "ػڻڹ  ҵ յ,  ҹ
 ʹ" Թ൵ " Թ ػ" . 
"صڵ    , ʵڶ  շ ʵյ ҵ Է
Թ" . ػ  ʵڶ ҵڢ Թԡڢ ⾸
ڡڻǵڵ  šҵ ڻԵڶ. Ź ҸԹ 
صڵ صڵҳ๹   ڶ, ԵԻ  ҵ Եڶõ
طڸسصڵʹ .
     »صڵ ʹһ ʵһڵԼ ԯ
صڵ  "ҵ ػ   ͡, ٻ    ͵ڵ
  ͷ".  "Թڹ ҹ  ҵ ٻ 
ǹԡ, ͵ڵࡹ ǯگʵ" Թ൵ "ک ػ" 
વ "عڷ  " . ǻڨʡ ൵. ԡڢ
ʹڹԻյ. ʹڹԻ  ԡڢ⦵. " ءڢԻԵ շ
عڷ" ءڢԻԵ շ.
     ԡڢ  " بڵ  ҹ  ʷڸ
Ԩùڵҹ   ԡ  Ҩԡ   ਸ਼,   ".
͵ڵ  ҡ    حڨԵ Ԩùڵҹ بڨ
 ڶ, -  ҡ ҵ. Ͷ  Ҩ ʧڡڲԵ
آ Ը ڢ೹ ʹ Ի ʵڶ   ͹ػؾھһڵ
͹ һڪԵ ع  ҹ ҷ   صڶڬҹ
һڪ,  د ͹ڵ һ عڹ෹ ͹ػҷ
Ծھҹҵ ԹԾھ.
    ػԡ "    ص,  ԭڨ ඵ" د ԯԻ
ڪڵ ԹԾھص  ʷڷ ҹ  ԻԵ
"ҵ   ؾ  س  ҹ, Էҹ   ҷ 
๡ ๡ ๡ʵ ԡڢ   շ໵
વ  ,  ͨک෵  , ʵ 
õ  "  سؤڤ .  ؤڤ
dzڳ ໵ dzڳ ໵ dzڳ ҵ
໵ "ڨ ٯҤʵҹ ڨ ͤڦԡʵҹ ö" ໵. -
    ʡ⡻ Ҫ ء - ǻصڵ ൵ "ҵ ʹһ
ԹԾھ, ڨ ٯҤʵҹ ڨ ͤڦԡʵҹ  " .
Ե ػԡ Եҹ ء Եҹ  ʾھҹԻ  ҹ
.    ڱ õ ڱ
ҡٯҤ ໵ ҹ ʧ໹ ໵ Ҹءԡ .
ҹ ͹ڵ , ҹ ͹ڵ  .
    ǵ  ͡  ػԡ "  ٪ "
dzڳػڼҹ   . " ٪ " ʡ Ҫ
ͱڲ⡯Թү -  ͵. "ʡ ͵õ" Ҫ
@ԧö:  . بڨ   ڶ           .,. 
@ .. ʡ, ػԻ           .,....ү
ک ԡڡ. ڶ һ ػԡ ԡڡҹ õڵ ͡ڵ
ͻʡڡԵ ʡ⡹ڵ ҹ ͹ڵ ,  ͻʹڵ  ڷԵ
ͤ,     ǵ  Ծھڵ.
Ծھڵڢ õڢ  Ԥصڻ ͵ڵ 
ʯʡûڻҳŧڡûڱԵ ͨکʻԵ. Ͷ Ծھ
ʾھԡҷ  .  ͵ڵ ڻڵ  " 
ڻڵ,      " Թڵҹ ͷڷ " Իصڵ
ԹԾھص  dzڳػڼ ٪ , Ҫ  ڷԵ
,  ڶ   Ըٻڹ,   ŷڸ Էҹ
حԻҡ ҹ "   ͵.
    Ҫ   "     دԵ" -
ࡹ " Ҥک ٯҤʳҹ µ,  ,
ҹ ͡" . ڻ ҹ  Ҥڵ 
بԵڶ  ͯ. Ǹյ ҹ ҡ 
͵. Ҫ "  " بک. "   ҹҶ, ǵ
,  dzڳػڼ  - ٪   ڷԵ 
 ǵ Ծھڵ, ʶ  ڻڵ, ˻ ҹ
ҹҹ ෶, حҹ ö" š dzڳ ඵ 
Ե ڢԳ  ǹڷԵ ͵ڵ ǯҹ .
    Ҫ⹻ ʵڵ Ҹءԡ Ե ʾھ Ե,
Ե ͡ٹõʵԡ .   Ե ໵ á
@ԧö:  .,. طԵҵ                .. 
.  ʾھõڵ ǹ ǵڵ. ͹طڸ ʾھ⸷ࡹ
 Ե Ծھ. عڷ ҵ  ڢԻԵ
" ҹ   ʡڡ ҵ -ҵԡ ʹһԻصڵ-
 ԹԾھص ھطڸ " ҵػǹ
  ڵ ˵ ǵڶ ͤ, ͡๻   õڵ
Ե ʾھڶ ͡õڵ ǵڶ һس. ͵ڶ ʵ Ͷ
ع طʵҷ صڵ.
    ڶ ¹ ҹⷵ ¹ ͵ڵ ػڬ ڱҤ
 ҹ, ൹ػʧڡ.   تء ʵڶ ʹڵԡ
ͤڵ  ʹڵԡ ͤյ? ʵڶ    ǹ. વ
 ⻡ڢó  ҵ ڨصڵԵ عǵڶػص
͵ "طڸ  һҳکڵ  , ʻڻ˾¤ڦڵ-
óҷ   ʷ,  ʡڡ  تء ʵڶ ʹڵԡ ڵ
ඵ,    ʹڵԡ ڵھ".  Թ "ػڬ 
ڱҤ યҵԡ صڵ,  ʹڵԡ ڵ 
ҷ ʵڶ ʷڸ " - ʵڶ    ǹ ػʧڡ.
    Է ڵùڵ " , Է ҵػǹ"
 ࡡ Ҩԡڢ.   "Է ڵù" ͵ڵ صڵ.
һڵ . ŭ ڵ بڨ. ¶:-
                  "ͻڻࡹ      ൹ Ԩڢ
                   د໵ ͵ڵҹ    ͳ ͤڤ ʹڸ" -
@ԧö:  . ʹڸõ      .  ҷ ʵڶ ʹڵԡ ػʧڡյ
@ .. //
    ǹڵ ʹҵ ǹڵ ʹڶ.  Թ  
ԯؾ⾵?   ԯؾ.      , õڵ
 õ ͡ ͯ  ػҹ ک.   ʵ
  ڵء ⹻  ͡ó ک, ͡ ˷ -
˵ ک.   ൹ һ൹ ڵء .
Է ڵùڵ û "Է  ڵ, Է  ҵػǹ"
ү¡ڡ ʵ Ҩԡڢ.
    ʵڶ ˵ڶ õ ҵػǹ ˵ ˵ڶ ໵
ԡڢ  "  ԡڢ ԡڢ  ๡ҹ үʵҹ
 ԹԾھҹ ͹تҹ,  ҹ  ʧڢdzڳҤ -
ҵ ¹ڵ, ڻʵҸԡʧ Ե  ԡڢ
ԡڢ,  ǵڵԵ ڡ ͹ػǵڵ -  ԡڢ, ŷڸص¡ -
 ԡڢ, ԵǡʹڹԻ  ԡڢ, ໵   ڡ
 ʷ  ԡڢ, һ  ԡڢ, ضػ ʻ
ǹ ԡڢ Ծྸԡ  ԡڢ, ͻڻԨ  ԡڢ,
ʹڵد Ե ʯ ÷ڸ ⨷ һ  ԡڢ,
ڨ ҵʵҹ ŷڸڻڵ  ھ  ԡڢ, 
 ڵ  ԡڢ, Թڹҳʷ  ԡڢ,
ڱŻصڵʷʹըԵ  ԡڢ, ʶ ԡڢ һ ҵ,
ʶ ԡڢ ضػ һ ǹ ԡڢ
Ծྸԡ ͻڻԨک ʹڵد Եڵ ʯ ÷ڸ
⨷ ʶ ԡڢ һ ҵµ.
@ԧö:  .                    .. ʧڢdzڳʹڹ
@ . ͹ػǵڵ              .,. ŷڸص¡
                     ھ ҵʵҹ ڨ
                     ҹ ҹ
                     յҤ ԵԹڷ
                    ԹԾھص ǹڷ Իصڵ.
                    ڵԾ   ػڻ
                     һ Եڵ ʹ ǵڵ
                    ͹ءڻ س  Ծھ
                    ԹԾھص ǹڷ Իصڵ.
                    ڱŻص ¶  ԯ
                    ը õ ̻˵ -
                      õ - Իص
                    ԹԾھص ǹڷ Իصڵ.
                     ¶ Թڹҳ
                    ¹ õ ùڵ 
                      õ - Իص
                    ԹԾھص ǹڷ Իصڵ".
    Ե  ڨ Ҷ  dzڳ . ¶ ¶
  dzڳ ,   ҹڷ ʳҵ  ʡ⡵,
 ڢڵءڡ  ี. ൹ ͻ   á 
µ ʾھ Եڶõھ. ڶ á⵵ҷչ ص. Ը 
ҵ طʻԻبکҸ ͸Ի໵.   طʻԻبکҸ
ͤ  ˵,   ʪڬ ҵ Եڵ  ǵڵ. Ͷ ʵڶ
@ԧö:  .,. ˵                . Ԩõ
ڨҷԨԵҹ ͡ڢչ ŵ  ࡹ "
" ʹ     ҹڷ Իص⵵ҷ.
    ڶ šڢڸڵ ššصڵ. ҸԻػ  . صڵ
 šصڵ. صڵҳʹ ڨǡڢҳ,  š. ҷ⡵
ҷ. ͵Գ⳵ ͵Գ ǵڶ ҹڻù ͵ó.
ԭһ⡵ ҡ ͵ڶڨ óڨ ԭ໵. ʹڷ⡵
ڸҵµʹ   ҹ ʵ. - ҷ⡵ "ԷڨԷڨ
˶"  һ. ص൪⡵ ;. ڻ⡵
ŷڸ һ ⪵һ.
    ͡ ʹҵ ʹ Ե "   تڪ,
˷  بک  ԯ "  ʡڡҡ ԡڡ 
͡һ Թڹڻ  ڢڷ. ͹ؤڤ ʾչڵ
 ͵ ڸǤ Եڶ.  ڵ ¹
 . ҹؤڤ˹ڵ  ͹ؤڤ˳.
    ʵڶ "͵  ԡڢ " ع  ෹   
ҹڷ ҵҷ. ڶ  յ ҵһԵҵԹҷ
ҵ ҹ, ೹ Թ, ǹ ͭ.  ൵ڶ
ҹڷ ž ¹ڵڵ  -  ʾ   ҹ,
   õһ ⾸ һ ڡ ǵ൵һ
ү ʵһ ˳ һ ¹ڵ ҵ ٵ ʧڢҵ
š,  Ҥһ   تڪյ ๵ ҹ Ԫڪ, ෹൹
ඹ൹  ʡڡ  ó ŷڸعڵ.  تҵ  Ԫ.
@ԧö:  . ʵ             . ž  ڵ 
     ⢵ ͵ڶ ªʵؾ Ҫھء  ԡڢ
 ڢԳ - ª Ң  ʹһ, 
Ң Թ   ͹ػؾྐྵ DZڲԵ ػڼҷ  ҹ
õ ڶ ͭ ڸ    ԹԾھ ʹڹ
ҹ ڶ ڵ ͭ ڢԳ շڶ ԡڢ ,
 Թڹ  - ء  ԡڢ   ⵵ ǷԵ.
ҵ  ʾھʧڢҵ š,   تڪյ  ʡڡ ŷڸ,
.



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=13&A=6242 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=13&A=6242 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=19&i=733 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=19&A=4280 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=19&A=4157 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=19&A=4157 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_19

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
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