͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ ͧ.. (ö.)

                        . ǵڶصڵdzڳ
     [] ʵڵ ǵڶٹյ ҡóҹ,   ԯµ
͵. ͵յ  ԡڢ ͷڸҹڵ ͵յڸҹ  Ż ǯگ
ڸһ. ͹Ҥڨػڻػ  . ڶ ͵  
ھط ,  ԡ  Ҫ ͤڤػ ,
ʵҹ  յ Թ ¹ ඹ ͵յ þ  ඵ
. ͹Ҥ   ط ʵ.  ʧ  Ҫ
ͤڤػ ʵ, յҹ  ʵյ Թ ¹
ඹ  ͹Ҥ þ  ඵ . ͵   Ҫ
⡵ Թ ¹ ඹ ڨػڻڹ þ  ඵ .
     ڻहҵ  Ҥ. ⩵ ඵ ص. ͡⩵
ඵ  ص. ͡ʾҡó ˹ڵҷ "ڢ ͹Ԩڨ" د
" ͹Ԩڨ" ͡ ҡҵھ.   ʵҷ. 
͡ʾҡó . "͹Ԩڨ  ڢع" د  " ڢ,
ʵ ͹Ԩڨ, ҹ ͹Ԩڨ"  Ե ҡҵھ. 
ڪҡó . "¶ ڢ,  ʵ. ¶ ʵ,  ڢع"
د "ࡹ بک" ԻبکԵ "ʹ بک" ص
" " ҡҵھ. "͹Ԩڨ بک" ص "" ҡҵھ.
 ԻبکҾҡó . "   ù"ҷչ د 
";ҡ ǵ" ໵,    ҡҵ. 
 .
     ҹ  ʳҵյ óҡ   ʳҵ.  :-
ʵҷ ص൹ ೹ ˵ ب੷ҷ Ԥڤ˵, ب੷ҷ
Ԥڤ "  ب੷ Ƿ" ʵҷ ໵, ͵ڵ
 ԯҵ  ʡ⡵.  ب੷ҷ ˹ ʵҷ,
ؤڤҷ ˹ حҷ حҷ ˹ ؤڤҷյ 
ҹ  ʳҵ .
     ԡ  ʳҵյ Է һبک๻ ҡ๻ ž. ?
͡  " بک"  ี,  Եù "Է  
بک" ص ҵ ڵ " ͵ ͭ بک" Ƿ.
 د " " ˹ ี,  Եù "Է 
" ص ҵ  " ͵, ͭ " Ƿ.
 ԡ  ʳҵ .
     ͭ -  ʳҵյ ҵ ҹԵ  ʳҵ. ?
͡  بک,  Ե "   بک,  
@ԧö:  .. ͭҵ
 ؤڤ" Ƿ. Եû - بکԵھ  بکԵһ 
 "ͻ   بکԵ"  õ. ͻ  د ඵ,
 -   , ڶ  ؤڤ,  ඹ൹
  ඵ" Ƿ. Ե ඵھ  ඵһ 
 "ͻ    "  õ.
     Ի  ʳҵյ Իڵ  ԯ, ǵڵ ͪҹԵ
ͻبکԵھ بکյ ͵.   -   ਵ§ڤ بک൹
 ඵ,  ԡڢҨ  Գڱ ó. ʹ
Թڹ Ҥ  ڵ  ˵ - ԹڹŻ حڪԵ
ԹڹŻ ïҹŻ. ү๻ Թڹ  ͡
õ بکڵ ඵ, ͡õ بکڵ  ඵ. Է
ǵڵ ͪҹԵ بک Ի  ʳҵ .  ʹڵ
ԡڢ ؤڤ ͡ ˵յ ԡڢ ͵ ԭڨ  ʵ 
ؤڤ  ඵ ص  ˵.
     ҹ ʳҵյ ʵҷ ص൹ ೹ ˵ ب੷ҷ
Ԥڤ˵ ب੷ҷ ൹ Ԥڤ⹻ "  ʵڢڵ Ԥڤ⹻
ب੷ҷ" Ƿ. Թ ¹ ʵؤڤحҷػ 
๵.  ҹ ʳҵ . ԡ ʳҵյ "
بک"  ู "   بک" ص "
͵ بک" Ƿ. " " ˹ ู⵻ "
  " ص " ͵ " Ƿ.  ԡ
ʳҵ .
@ԧö:  ..,. Ե     . ط
@ ..  ʷ  ʵ    . ͤ˵
     ͭ  ʳҵյ   بکԵ "د   بک, -
بک൹ -   بکԵھ"  ص ڻԨک,  
ػڻ෵.  ඵһ "د   , ඹ൹  
ඵھ" ص ڻԨک,   ػڻ෵. Ի ʳҵյ
 շ໵ Ҥآڪҷչ   ڵ ԯҵ,  ͹ڵ
Թ  بک. ʻڻҷչ ʪڪҹ ͯԸҹ ҹҹ
ǵڶکҷҤڸҷչ  ҷ  ڵ ҹ  үҹ
Ե ͡ õ  بک. ǭ ǵڵ  بک Ի
ʳҵ .   ඵ ǯگ.
     ͭ Ԩõյ ͭ Ǩ๹ ͭ Ԩک෵, ͭ 
بک ͭ ඵ. Էڸ  ͻյ Ҥڵء ͵ù
 Էڸ ͻ. Է ǵڶ:- ԡڢ  ʹڹԻԵ ͡
 "  ڨ ڨ һڵ һ" .  
" Ҥջ ".     Ҥջ๹ ͵ڶԡ, һڵ
 һ⹵ بکҵ.  Ҥջ ڵ  ҷԹڵ. 
 کҷ๹  ڶ, һڵ  һ⹵.   "ҵػ
  ͼء ".   ࡹ  ͼࡹ
  ڶ, һڵ һյ.   ڶ ,   ͼء
ҵڵ.  Ҥڵءʹ Էڸ  ͻյ ǷԵھ.
     ˵յ    صڵ Ե ǵڶõ ൻԯʵ
. ؾ  ԡڢ ਵ§ڤ ʹڹԻԵ Ԩڨ  ԡڢٹ
ҷ  ͭ ҡک ùڵ. ڶ   ԯ
@ԧö:  .       . ඹ൹
  صڵ Ե  ͡  ԯ  ෵.
ڷյ ó Ե ڷ. ͹ػڦյ  ù  بکൻ
ൻ ҳ Ե Ե ʵ, ¹  "ͻبکԵھ   بک,
͡ඵھ   Թ"  ػڻڪ. Ե ҵյ ͻڻڵ
آڵ ҵ, ͡ڢ    ­ڪ  ص " 
ǵڵھ" تڬ Ԩõ. ػʵ ػ ʻڨ.
     Ե⵵ Ե. Ԫҹҵ ͡ ڵ ͡ Ÿ
Ԫҹҵ ڤ. Ԫҹҵ ͡ ڵ ͡ ءڢʨڨ óԭ
Ԫҹҵ. ˵ ͡ ڵ ͡ ʾھҡŸ ˵ ෵
¹ڵաõ. ʨکԡõ ͡ ڵ ͡ ˵ڵŸ ø 
ڨڢ õ. صڵ ʵյ  ˵ع ¹ ೹
˵ڵڢ ҳʹ ʵ.
     ͵ڶ ԡڢ ҵ ԡڢ   ڻहҵ 
Ե,  ͵ڶ,     ԯ, Է ǵڶ ·Է
͹ػҷ Եڵ ⢵  ʾھ ª ǷԵھ. ͵ڶ
ڵҵ   کҡ ؤڤ ੹ ʷڸ ڵ, һ
͵ڶ. ͵ڶ ػҵ Ե ػʵ  صڵ
ػһ ͵ڶ. ͵ڶ ʵǸҹڵ  ػ ʵ, -
 ͵ڶ. ͹ػҷҵ  ػҷ ͤ˵. Եڵ ⢵
˵ڵ. ˵ڵŵڶ  ʾھڵ صڵڵ Թǵ൵
ػԤҶ ٯ ˹  طڸҵҷ.
     ڶ طڸҵ øʧڢ൹ ໹ طڸ. Żڵյ  -
һһ - ùڵ. Թԯҵ Թԯ ص. Եҵ
ҹ¹ د
@ԧö:  ..  ػ ʵǸҹ   ..,.    ʵ
@ .. һ
Ե. ͹¤سʪڪҵ ͹ س سʪڪ ඹڵ. س
௵   ͹¡ ,  ¡,  ඹڵյ ͵.
ͭ⹵ ͭ Էڷ ͻҸ ҹ. ؾԵڵ
ءڡԵ. ԡڢԵڵ ͻڻڵ آʢԵ. ڻ Ҫ¹ڵ
ͭ ͻڻ൹ آʹ ڻ˭ڨ Ҫ­ڨ. Թڷڵյ ʹڵ.
Ҩõ  õ  ඵ. - صڵҵ   ൹ Ե,
   ˵ ൹   صڵҵ صڵ.
͹صڵԳ೹ - ҵ ͹طڸ൹ ਵ. ͻʵ ؤڤ˻ʹ
ͻ ص. ʵ Ҥҹ - ʹ  ص.
     ͹⹵  . ؾ һҷµ - ءڡԵ 
ͻ. ػ  ԡҵ óصڵšڢ  ػ 
ԡ. Եڨ  µ ͻڻڵ آԵ "  " 
. - õ ǵڶ. ෵ ͡ ó Ե
 .  Ҩ ص ೵ ʨڨԡصڵ Ҩ  .
ͭҵڶڵ ڶ. ҷڶڵ ҷڶ.   ڵµ
 ҹ¹  .   ҹԵ ص ڱԵ ¹ڵ,
๹  ͹ ص ڵ  ҵ.



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=15&A=4736 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=15&A=4736 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=20&i=507 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=20&A=5215 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=20&A=5315 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=20&A=5315 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_20

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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