͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ ͧ.. (ö.)

                            . Ǥڤ
                         . صڵdzڳ
    [] صڶ   Ҫյ ʡڡ  
໵ ŷڸ Ҫ. Իھطڸ  Ҥ
"طڸڻ  ʵڶ ҡ " ʹһ  طڸڻآ
 Ե Իү حҹ ҵ ÷ ʾھ - ʹһ
 .   ʹһ ҷҹ ʪવ "ͪڪ ¶ ͭ
⡨ ͡ ԡڢ -  ෵,  áڢ" ڵ  . - 
ʯ ÷ҹ ڨ ԡ ʷڸ Ե Ҥ յ 
"   Ե , ͪڪ  ʾ ¹".  
 "  Թڵ,   , ¶ طڸڻ  ҡ
 ԡڢ حڪʵ".  ʵʤڦԡ dzڳҵ ٷ
õ ʻڻʡڢҷ ʧڢԵ ͭ ҵ ԡتڪԵ 
Ҥ ԡڢԻԵ Ҥʷ    ʹ
 ءڢԻԵ դص  ԡڢ.
    ͹ڵ ʹһػҡ "   Ҥ" Ƿڵ.
һح  һ ˹ڵ,    عڻع ڵҹ 
ԡڢԻԵ ʡڡ ˵.  "̻Ե һԵ ҵ   ڵ
 ෶" . ʹһԹ "ͭ ʨ ҷ   ෶"
Ե ҵ.     ˵ ҷ  ʶҵ. Ҥ
ҵ.  ҡ ʹһ һ٪ڻ ҵ  ෵յ. ෵ ҵ.
൹ ໶ҵ ǹڵ ػʧڡԵ "Ҥ ˶ " .
@ԧö:  .. ʾھ   . ͡ԡڢڻ   .. 
 ͡ ʹһ ػҡ ࡵ Ҥ . 
ǹڵ ǹڷԵ "ԹԾھڵ -  ʵ ԵʹԵ  
˵,    ԾھڵԾھڵ  ,  
" , - ʵڶ "آԹ " صڵ ǹڷԵ
ڢԳ  ڡ.
     һ ʹһ  ڵ ڵ շ. ʹһ Ҥ
˵ ػک, ʵڶ ˵ඹ ڵ Է. Թ  ԡڢ⦵.
͵ڶ   ͹ڵ Գڱ ŷ⸵.  ͻ๵ Գڱҵ
ͷڷ. ػ  " ҵ  ǵ ҵؤ ǭ".
 ǹڵ ҷ  ʾھԡڢٹ . ʹһ ͵ڵ ¸
ͷ. ʵڶ ڵԨڨ  ڤ ǵ ڡ. ʹһ " 
 Գڱҵ ͷ" بک. ʯԸյ յ. ʻڻ Եڶ, ٻ
 ʹڵ   ʤڤڻڵ  ҵ  ๵
ય .
     һ ҵ -  ʹһ   ˵ ǵء Ҥ
ҹ  حҹ   ص Ǩ Ծھڵ.
Ծھڵڢ - ҹػڻ೹ ͸Թ ʡš ҹ -
 . ǵ " ͵ڵ ͵ڵ  ˵ Ҥ"  "
Ǹյ"  ͡.  ͡ٹصԡ -    
ùڵ ԾھڵԾھڵ ԪԵ " " 
.    í ͤڤ بک ʹڸ .
һ ڨʵ ԡ     ʹڸ ˵
͡ ʾھ ҵءبک ԡڢ.  ҹػڻ೹ ͸Թ
@ԧö:  .  ԹԾھڵ   .. ڶ 
@ .. һ Ե   .. Ծھڵڢ
@ .. Իҹ   .. ͡صԡ
 .   Ҫ "ؾ Թ  ʵ"
دҹ ص "յ  ͵ڵ ͵ڵ  ˵ Ҥ"
   " յ  ͡ԡ Ծھڵʵ" 
ԨԹ໹ "ڨ ԡʵҹ ҵҹ" ص ʾھ ͵ڵ .
  ڻ "๵  յ ʶ" .  ʡڡ
  ǯ໵ ŷڸҵ ǷԵھ.
      ʵڵԡ ͹ҶԳڱࡹ  ԯ໵ Ҥ
  ʵڶ ԡڢ ǵڶ ͤ. ͹ҶԳڱ ڵ
Ҫҹ  "Ҫ ʵڶ ԸҤ ҡڻ ڤ ҡڻ
ڤ,  Ҫ ڨ ԡ ʷڸ سڳ 
ڸҷչ  ໵ ʾ ڨؤڤ ʶ". Ҫ "Ҹ
ʯ"  ͡. һ í صڵ ڵ ʵڶ ǹڷԵ
ڸҷ વ ͡ڵ ͯ. ʵڶ   . 
ڨ ԡ ʷڸ ʵһڵԼ ԯ. ͭҹԻ ڨ ԡʵҹ
ڨ ҵؤʵҹ  ڨ ػʡʵҹ    ʵһڵԼ
һس.    ͹ڵ  ʵһڹҹ ҵҹ.
     ¹  ൹ػʧڡյ  ػʧڡյ?  بکԵء.
ʻھطڸ  ¡  ԡڢ .   ó¸
õ,   ڵڤǵڵ. ó¸ Ե " ͷԹڹ 
ڶ, ͵ڵ ŷڸ   حڪԵ ǯگ". Ե   "
  ҹ, ¸  ԹԻ൵   ǯگ, ͵ڵ һڵ
˹൹ ڵ ǵڵ õ ǯگ".  ⡻ ͡ ͵ڵ 
͵õ ʡڢ ǻ ͵ڵ Իڵ õ  ص Ǩ
Ծھڵ. ڶ ó¸ Ե ڨ  ͸Ԥ.
           ùڵ ͡ طڸڵ ໵
  ǵڶ Ծھڵ. ó¸ í ͤڤ
بک ʹڸ , Ե  ػҡԵڶ بک ʹڸ
.  ǻ  ͡ .  ڤ˳ ໵
Ԥ Իڪ໵ Թڹ ҵ  ʡڡ Է. 
ó¸ ͡ڢչ ŵ ˹ڵ ʵکڵ ػڵ¹
ŧڡµڵڨ ʹ  "͡ Ҫ Ծھ" ͭ. 
"     Ը Ծھ" Ǫહ "ó¸-
ʹ෹"  "     Ծھ" Ǫહ
ը Իڹ   " ڵڤǵڵ յ  Ǩ  ,
 Էҹ   - ԤڤԵ ǯگ" "  Ǩ  ͡"
. Ͷ  ҵڵ.   ڻڵ, ʵکڵ ˯ 
Ի,  ը ڸ͵ڶóڶ - Իյ.   
͵  ҹ ,  ҡ  ŵԡ Ե
ʾھ ոҵڵҵ.
        ص " ҵԡҹ ʹڵ ⡨ ڶ" 
ջ کڵ   Ե  "ҵ" Ǩ ص "Է ҵٵ Ǩ
Էڸ ڶ,  ҵԡ ǻصڵ ʹڵ" Թ൵ "ʨ
`  ඹڵ' ҵһԵٹ , ` ' ʹڵ.
 ó ͭ ͡ඵ ڢ੷ íԡ  Ե
⤵طڸ ʾ بک" صڵҵ Ҫҹ ػʧڡԵ
"ʾ ػҹ " . Ҫ ڨ öʵҹ ª.
ھٷջ    Եٹ ʹڵ - ڨ öʵҹ :-
@ԧö:  .  ҹ Ԥڤ˹  .. ڸ͵ڶó  . ʹڵ ҹ,
@. ʹڵԡ
ھí յ عڷ Ҫ, ڪʯ յ Ң, 
 Ҫҵ.  ڸ ҷ  Ե ڨöʵ
"  بک" ¹  ൹ػʧڡյ. -
     Ըٵ Ը .  ⡵  ͵ڵ ŷڸ 
 حڪ ó¸.  ͷ⡵  ͵ڵ ŷڸ
 ͷ حڪ ڵڤǵڵ. ٵҹ  ʹڵ -
ٵҹ . ͸Ԥҵյ Ե ҵ ͪ⬵ڶõ ͵ʵ.
͸Ի¹ҵ -೹.  ڨ յ  ʡ
Ҫ   ڨ  ͸Ԥҵ. ҹࡹҵҷ ع
ҡʻ  ڡŵ -  ҹڷ  , dz೹
Ҥھµ  ڱҤ   , ࢹ ïšŻص
 ʳʯԻص  ʷ  , ʹ  , 
ҸԻਹҵ  ڨ  ͵ ય ˵.
     Ҩ Źڵ ڡŵԵҹڷҷ  Ҩ
 ҷչ حڪյ   ͵ ˵ ય. ·Է
صڵ صڵڵ -  ͡ صڵ ʷڸ Ե صڵ þ
ҹҡó ǵڵھ ,   Ƿյ ͵. ʵڵԡ 
 صڵ Ԫڬ ʵԡ  ԡڢ  ԡع  ػ
 ػԡ       , Էڸšصڵ
ҹڵ  ڶ. ҵ صڵ. µ  ҵ ҹ .
     ک ҡʸҵҵ ҡʹ ک. ʷ⸵ õڵ¤سҹ
ʷڸҵ. ¹ڵ ک. Ԫڪյ ʷ  ùڵ
@ԧö:  .. ൹ػʧڡ    . ٵҹ ʹڵ   .. ҸԻ¹ҵ
@ .. ҡŵ   .. صڵԹڵ
Ԫڪŵ ڹҤ. ʵڡٵ ʵ,    د൹
ˡٯ൹ ڹҤ⵵ ͵. ʹڻ⹵ ʵһ. Ծ˵
طহ  ҹʹ   Ծ, šڻһ⵵
͵. ໨ڨҵ . ʤ յ -  ʤ ػڻڪ, 
 յ.



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=16&A=297 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=16&A=297 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=22&i=31 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=22&A=696 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=22&A=694 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=22&A=694 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_22

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com