͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ ͧ.. (ö.)

                          . ص»ڳʡ
                          . . ⤵Ǥڤ
                         . ⤵صڵdzڳ
     []   ʡ õյ ๹ ڵ õ.
һһյ صڵ  յػ  ˹ڵڵ ŷڸ. ¹
 ൹ػʧڡյ  Ż ڵ  ڷ ھ, ʵڵ 
š. ھ - ¹ - طڸڶ ԡڢ ʵڶ
ڵ  Ҫ ʭ໵ ͵ڵڱصڵ - . Ҫ շԵ
ͱڲ ͱڲ  ͷ, ҹ ڨʵҹ ʵڶ ʹڵ
ھ, Ͷ  һ ʹ ʵ ͹õ ػڻҷ. ʵڶ
 ͹õ ػڻڹ   ڨ ԡڢ سŷ ๵
͵ڵ سš Թڹؾ ҳ շԵ سŪҵ - 
͹õ ෵ ʾྻ  ʵһڵԼ ԯ, ع ǹ ๵
˵ڵŵ.  Եڵҹڶ ع һ ʹ Գ.  "ھ
 " ʹ Գ.  " ҹ ҡ  ڵ
صڵ, һһ ʹڵԡ ڵ ھڪ ͹تҹ໵ ھ"
ڨʵһ һһ ػʧڡԵ " ҡ ھڪ ͹تҹ໶"
. һһ  Եڶ ˵ ¹  ൹ػʧڡ. ʵکڵ
˯ í ԹԾھص ػʧڡյԻ Ƿڵ.
      ⤵,   بڨյ  ԡڢԻ,  ʾ طڸҹ
  ˹ڵյ?  ˹ڵ,   ๡ Ҩ൹
@ԧö:  .. //, .. //   ..  ¹
@ .. //, .. // ()   .. // ()
͹حҵ ھڪ "ءࢹ ŷڸ"  Իʹڵյ  
͹حҵء ԡڢԻ. ڡյ ع Ż . ¶ùڵ
Եҵ ⾸ʵڵҹ ػ ࡹ ¶Ҫڬ¹ Ե.
ԡ ڡյ Ҫʧڤ ù صڵ طڸ ⹻ طڸʹ
͵Եԡ ڡ.
     ھ ҡҹ ʷڸԹڵ ͹⵹ʹ ʾ طڷ
ھڪ ˵ һ - ڨʵ ҡҹ ھڪ ໵
ʾھԻ  ھ ҡҹ ʷڸ. ڡյ -  Թ.
Թó   آ ҪԵڶ  ڵ  ʡڢʹڵյ
ҡҪ dzڳԡ دһ. -   " 
کڵ ʵڶ ͤ  ˵" ͡ڳªԡ ڤ  Իڪ.
Ҫ⹻   ک  áڢ Է໵ ڱʻڻҷչ
ʡҹ õ - " -  ෶"  .
 յ   آŵڵ    د, 
Ԫڪ.  ҷ ڻԡԳڳ  ص طڸҵ ҵ. ൹
صڵ " ". Է⡯ࡵ ⡯ .  
ʳԵҵ -?    " Ҥ൹ ͹حҵ 
ھڪ ͤڤ,  Ե    ʡŪھٷ ҡ . 
ʵڶ ھڪ ͹تҹҵ, Ԩਵ .   ҹتҹʵ, ˵
 ʵ"  Ե ʡ⡹ڵ ÷ҹ ͯ.
@ԧö:  ..    ʵ   .. ԡ ڡյ
@ .. ػһ   .. ໵
@ ..     .. Եҵ
        ⤵յ   Ҫҹ Իڵ ػڻڹ, ࡹ  -
 ೹  dzڳ ڵ,    Եҵ. ͭ
¹ҵ ͭ ೹. ء ൵ҷԹ  س
ඵ ع ھڪ Ҩ . ʵڶһ "Եڶ  Եڵ,
͡ҨԵ ھڪ ͹حҵ   ʹ  
ʹڵ" ԡڢڵ ԡڢԻԵ Էҹ   ໵ء 
ҹڷ һһ ⤵ ͯ ظ Ԥڤҵ,  ˵
ػڻҵҷ. ڶ ҵ   ھڪһ ػڻһ
˵.
     ػڻڹҵ   ػڻڹ. ҷ ڨدҹ
ͭڪԡ ըԡ ڵھڵ ҹҵ ͡ ڨԯ൹
ҷ, ʹ ڨد ڨؤڤʹ ڨدҹ, ʹ ๵
ͭڪԡ, ʹһժҷԡ ͹بکԡʧڢҵ ըԡڨ ڵھ.
ԡڢ ʵ µڶ ʹڵ ͹ڵ¹ ҷڶ ػʧڡ
 ҷ Ҩ ڶ,  ԡڢ  . 
   ػڵھ. ͹DZڲʹڵ ͹ʶԡ. ҷٻʧڡڵ
ҷڶ ػʧڡ. ԯҵ ڢع ԯ. ൹ҵ ൹ ൹.
ʧڡҵ ԯصʹ ʧڡ൹. ظڵ ء ҷһڵ.
ڢҹڵڵ ͹ٹҹ ڳʷҹ ҹڵ.  ٵ ԡ-
ک ԡڢһ. ԡڢԵԡڢҵ ͡ԡڢ ͢ڱ 
Եԡڢ. ͡Ե Ե⾵ ʹڹ ͡ǵڶٹ ͭù
͡ǵڶع  ͡Ե, ٻʹ -  ¨   Ե.
@ԧö:  ..  ʷ  ʵ   . »ڻ, . ٻڻ
      ԡڢعչ ԡڢ Ǩⶵ ҷҹʹոʧڢ Ǩ
ԡڢعչ ԡڢ  - ,  ԡڢع ⡨ ԡڢ ǷԵ
 ͹Ե . " ҳ ԷڨԷڨ ǵڵ "
  dzʹ ඵ ǯگ.  ԡڢٹ ԡڢع Ǩⶵ
ԡڢٹ  ԡڢع Ǩ ͹, ¶ب ǷԵ ͹Ե 
ඵعڵ ڶ ʧ, Եڶ  ظ ڵҷԡ
Թdzڳ صڵ ǷԵھ.
       ͯ ظ ʵڶ ʹڵ ؤڤ˵ ù ͵ڵ
è ص һһ ˹ڵ  ೹ Իڻ,
⹵ڵ ൹ յٷ ൹ ڶ Եڵ  Ԥ
͵ڵ ص ظԤڤ೹ ػڻڹ յԻتڪ ԡùڵ ¶һ
൵ҷԡ طҹ ط.
     ඹյ  ջ ŵ ൹ ࡹ æ ڱ
ԨԹԵ ඹ. ʵԡ  äҵյ  ҳ 
 - ڱ Ԫڬ, ¹ Էڸ ڱ - ԡڢڵ   ˵ 
ʡ⡵. યԡ -  äҵյ بکٹ ͹ õڵ.
      ҡ ԡ Թڵ - Թ  ͵ڶ ʵ:-
¶  ҡ  ;ڸ»  - ԭڨ ط ԯ, 
ڸ   ;ڸڨ  ԯ, ڻ ԯ,   
͹ػڻ ǵڶ ԡ յԡڡڶ - ظ ڵ,
  -
@ԧö:  ..    .. ڬ   . Էڸڵ dzڱ
@ .. ڪԯԡ   .. Թڵ
@ ..  ʷ  ʵ   .. ͹ԡڡڶ   ..  ʷ  ʵ
ͻڻ ҵؤ ھԵڵ ڨʵҹ ʷڸ ԯ.
ԡ ڵ  ͻҹԻ ڨʵҹ ʵյ   صڵ
 ʵ. ʹڵ ਵ Էһڻڵճ -
صڵ,   صڵԻ ءڢԻʡճʹ , ͹Ҥʹ -
, ʡҤʹ , ʵһڹʹ ʹڵ  ڨ-
ҹ Ǹʷڸ ʵ. µڵԸ ҹ.   µڵ
ʵ  ͵ڶ, һ µڵ ʵ   ˵. ԧڤ 
µڵ ͹ڵԵ»  ǵڵʵյ.



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=16&A=5859 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=16&A=5859 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=23&i=141 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=23&A=5753 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=23&A=5989 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=23&A=5989 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_23

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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