͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ ͧ.. (ö.)

                         . . ҡڢǤڤ
                        . ҡڢصڵdzڳ
     []   ڻڹҵ Իسڳ, ڤ صҵ ͵.
ڶ   ڻڹŵ ˵ Իڵ  ҷչǷ๹, -
ڻڵ  ҹʷ๹. ڻ طڸ - ԵڶԵ. ڶ
"ڻڹ" ͵ڵǵ   ػطڸ طڷԵ "ҵڢ-
ص" Թ ڶ ય  Եڶõ յ ջ
 . ͹  ൻԯ̹Ҥ :- µڶһ
ҵڢ ǵ ص. ҵڢ  , Եҹ  ճ
Źڵ صڵҹ  ͵ڶյ ͹تҹ ǵ :- Թڷ 
áڢڵ, Ҫǻطڸ   ڨػڻڵڵ,
ڨʹڹԵ ŷڸڨ Էڶڵ ڨǡڢԵ حڪڵ.
Իڻ¹ ҵڢ .   Թ,  ʨکԹ  
˵ڶ ҹ áڢʵյ  ǵڵ.    ,  ͨکԹڹ
  Ե ҹ ع ҡԡҹ ҵ ʡ⡵.  "ڻڹ"
Թ ҵڢ طڷԵ  "ڻڹҵڢ"  Ǩ ǵ
 Եڶõ ʹ ҵڢصҵҷ. ڶ ҵڢ-
صҵҷչ صڵڶ. ҡ ਵ Է  ÷ڸڵ? ҹ-
ʹڶ.   - ͨûھԵҹ  ػڻҹ   "
` ö  ö' Ƿ,    Ż ҹ,  ,
 رڲ",   ҹ ʵ  "ͻ  ͵
ʾչ һҷ ǡڢ»ҹ ҹ صһ 
Իع".
@ԧö:  طڸ. /, ŹԷ: ҹʡ, ʧڡ ()
@  .. ਻
     ڶ ҡ ਵ · Ԩ.  ʹڵ ¨ڢ
ڻԵ, ػڻڵ ػҹ - . ⻵  DZڲ,
-   ๹ ڵ, ڵԵ൹ Ե⾵ ͵. ٵ 
دҹ ҳکڵʷ. ǹµ "ͷڸ ҹ ҹҵ 
ʵ"  ǹ.  Իԡյ ػطڸ
Իԡ , ͹๹ Իù - ҡù ڹҤ ҵ صڵ ˵.
ͪڬڵ ص⵵ ͵ڵ Եڵ ص. ͹ҡڬ⹵ 
͹˯ڬ, ԹԵڬ . Իʹҵ ʵڵԸ ͹ػʹ. ˵
حҤҹڵ DZವ حҤҹ. ͵ڶ  Իʹʹ ҹ
˵ õڵԹڷ حҤ Ե շ ԡڢ "˵
حҤҹ" ǷԵ. ڶ ʧ, Եڶ  Ԩک൹
ڬԡ¯ - ҡصڵdzڳ ࡵ.
     յ ͵ڶ   Եڵ ҷ Իó ඵ.  
 "ʹ Թڹ,  Ҩ ص " -   Ƿ.  
Եڵ ҷԻԻó ʵ. - ؤڤŪڬʹ ๵ صڵ. ʭ
 ͪڬ  "   ڨ  , ҹ Իõ
ʡڡ",  ͪڬ. ͻԨ ҹ -  
·Է ڵ ڨ .   ڱԵ ⡯ҷ Ե Ե
͵ڵһ ͻحڪԵ ǹڵҹ ෹ڵ  ҹʷʹڶ صڵ.
      ˹ڵ  . ʹ ҵ  ҹ  ҹ
    ڨ·ҹ. ˻ڼ ˹ڵ ҹҵ šࢹ
@ԧö:  .. ҹ   .. DZڲ
@ ..    ʵ   . //
@ .. // šصڵ   ..    .,. ҹ
൹ ˻ڼ, šصڵù ҹ.   ͵ ͡ڶ. ҷԤس-
صڵ  کԡڢһ ڨõڵ  ڳһ  Թڹ
๡ҹ ڻҹ ؤڤԹԻҵ áڢ,    ҵ
Ծھҹ ڨ ˵. "÷ Թ"ҷչ - ਵڶ ǵڶٹ. ʡ
 ໵ǵڶ ҹǵڶ  Ҹ.
     صڶ ໵ҵ ڨ - . ҵյ ûڢԡ. Եҵ
͡Եڸ Եҷ. -  šҵ . ʹڵڵ    ʹڹ-
Եڵ,   ʹ๹ Ե൹ ͹ó.   ԡڢ š Ե
 ҵ  "ҡ ҵ  ҳ" ʹڹԵ
ص  ԡڢ ͹õ,   Եڵڻⷻ  ͹óڵ ˻ڼ
ҹ ˵.
     õõ˵ ๡ڢԻڵ - õ  õ   Ե
ͪ⬵ڶԵ. ˵ ͵ڶ  Եڵصʻ , 
.



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=16&A=8004 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=16&A=8004 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=24&i=71 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=24&A=3117 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=24&A=2939 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=24&A=2939 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_24

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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