͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ .. ͵ڵ-⡸Ǥڤ

                    . šǤڤdzڳ
                     -------------
                  . ԡڢǵڶ. ()
      "չ ڵ  ʹ ʵڶ વ ù
ͭ ԡڢ þ .
      ͭ   ԡڢع ʷڸ  Ң
 ͤ. Ң  ڨʵҹ ԡڢٹ Ҥ Ԩڨ
ڵ ˵.  ڶ Ҥ Ե  շ໵
 ͭ  ͤ. ൹  ¹ Ң صڵ
յ ԡ   ԡڢٹ Ǩڨ õ. 
  ط ǹڵ ү ͵ڵ آԵڵ
 . û  ࡵ .   ҹ
 "Թڹ ʵյ . Ͷ   " Թڹ,
ҵһԵû  Թڹҵ ͡.  ÷ҹ ҹ
ԡ ʹڵԡ ڵ, "Է ҵ ص, ڶ
.   ʹڵԡ Ҥڵ "  تڬ,  ͵
Թڹʹ Թڹʹػ  Թڹҷ
ԡڢ ùڵ  ͵Ԥءڵ .  "
ػ,   Թڹҷ ҹ;   `Թڹʵ
 ͡Ե ǯگʵյ. Ң   ʭ
ʡڢ  ԡ.    Ҥڵ "Է ػࡵ
بکԵ ڶ ص  Ƿ  " ,
 Թڹʹǵڶ  Թڹ ҷ ԡڢ
ùڵ ͡, س յ. " ,  
͵ڵ ػԡ ͵ڪԵ  ڪʶ,  `Թڹʵ
͡Ե ǯگʵյ.   ʵڶ Ҥڵ "Էڵ
بک. Ң ҷ   ǵڵ . ʵڶ
  ʵһڵԼٻ  "  
͹ǵڵԵ ǯگյ Թ൵ Ң  "   
ԡ Թڹҷڵ   Թڹ 
͡Ե ǯگյ.   د ͭڪ ڤ˵
" ͵   د ҹҶ, ҡ ػڬ
 ػԡ  د  ҹڵյ . ʵڶ 
͵ڵ ͹ء  "س þ ʹ 
 , չڨ   Ե ෹  ʷڸ
Ե  ǯگյ ǵ  Ҷ
      "չ   ,   ෹  ,
       Ԩکҷԯ  ,    šDZڲ⹵.
      ڶ "չ ڵ: ڨس.   ๹
๹ - ͹ڵ ͯ⤳ҷԻ Ե,  
ҷ  Ծھڵ໵յ  ;   .
෹ҵ: ʵʤڤšڢ೹ ෹һ  .
 ҵ: Ԩکҷԯ  . šDZڲ⹵: 
  õ,  šDZڲ  ˵;  
͡೹ -  šDZڲ⹵. -
      ʹ  ʵһڵԼ ԯ. ڻڵҹ
ҵڶԡ ʹ յ.
                      ԡڢǵڶ.
                      ----------
                  . ط⸷ǵڶ. ()
      "صڵԯ ڻҵ  ʹ ʵڶ
ø ù Ե þ .
      ͡   ʵڶ ๹ ǵڶػ ڵ
@ԧö: . . .    .
@.      µ.
@.  ҡ :   šDZڲ⹵: õڶ šDZڲ
@ . ¶ Գ DZڲҹ õڶ ࢵڵ DZವ õ,
@  ؤڤ ػڻڪ õڶ š DZವ õ.
@"š šҹٵ ͵ⶵ. . . . ⻵ڶ 
@"͡೹   šDZڲ⹵ µ.
ҵ ڻڨؤڤ ø ڵ ҵչ ҹ
Թڷڶ ҡ õڡ ໵ ڶ ڡ
 . ҵ ʹڹԵڵ ط⸷Ҫ ҷ
 ǹڷ.  ҵҤ ⻡ڢ . 
þ Ҫ๹  دһԵ " ԡڢ Է,
ؾྻ  ҵҤ ⻡ڢ ҵ ǵ
ʹڵêҵ - . ʹ ص ڡ ҵ
⡻ ʵڶ  . Ҫһ " ص  
͹Ҥڵ  ʵյ ͹൵ ͤ; ڵ
   ʵ ԡڢҹ Ҥҷչ ҷ໵
ʹҹ . ع ʵڶ  Գڱ ʹ
"   ͵յطڸ Ե   تء ҵԡ
 ط Իү Գڱ ٵ Ǫڪ "Իү
ٵ    Գڱ ù .
ҵ ҷ Թڹ   ǵڵ í
. Ҫ ү ʳ໹ ह ԡڢԵ
ʵڶ ǹڷԵ  "صڵ   ? ͵
 Գڱ ù൹ Ūڪ ػڻҷԵ, صڵ  
,   dzڳԡҷ Ե Գڱ Ե
ǯگ;   Ūڪյ. "˹ڵ Ҫ Ūڪ,
@ԧö: . . . . /. . /.
͵ڵ   ͹ǵڵյ. "  ҵ Գڱ
Ե ǹ  ʵ. " Ҫ  , 
 ; ๡ҹ  طڸҹ Գڱ Ե
ٵ ǵ  ʹ  Ҷ 
       "صڵԯ ڻ,     بԵ ,
         آ ʵ           ,
          بԵ           بڨԵ ,
         آ ʵ           ҵ.
      ڶ "صڵԯ: دԵ  ÷ 
˵ھԳ. ڻҵ: Գڱԡǵڵ  ໵
յҹ ʹ صڵԯ ڪ , ʻҹ
Գڱ ù  ڻڪ .  ù
صڵԯ ڻ. ڵ: ʹ  ʻҹ
ù  ԡڢҨ¸ بԵ . آ ʵյ
ʹڵ: "[]- ԡڢҨ¸ ù  Ը 
   Ի һ آ õյ ͵.  
بڨԵڵ: ҷ ⤨ ù ԡڢҨ¸
بڨԵ õ .  ͨԵ    بԵ, 
 بڨԵ .  صڵڶ.
@ԧö: . . . . ͵ڶڵ "๵ڵ ͵ڶ.
      ʹ Ҫ ʵһڵԼ ԯ. ڻڵҹ
ҵڶԡ ʹ յ.
                      ط⸷ǵڶ.
                       ---------
                 . Իʡԡڢǵڶ. ()
      "¶ ؾھ̡ ʵ  ʹ ʵڶ વ
ù ڨ Ի ԡڢ þ .
        ʵڶ ʹڵ ҹ ˵ í Ե
ڵһ ͻڻڵ "ʵ ҹ ҵ
ʵڶ ʹڵԡ Ҥکڵ ͹ڵ ը  ըԡҹ
ǹڵ Ҥ.   ԯڢ  .
 ڶ ڶ   ह دԵ Ԫڪ
ؾھ  " ͵ڵ ػڻڪԵ Ԫڪඹ
ؾھʷҵ  . ʵڶ ڸد Թ
 ԡڢ ࡵ  ʷڸ ඹ  
Ե  Ҷ
         "¶ ؾھ̡ ,     ¶  ըԡ,
           š ǡڢڵ     ڨҪ  ʵյ.
      ڶ "ըԡڵ: .   
ʳҹҷʹ ػԵһ ػکڵҹ ͤػ Եڵبک,
 "¶ ػڻڪԵ Ԫڪඹ ؾھ̡, Եڵبکҷǹ
 ,  ڸҷš ǡڢڵ ڨҪ  ʵյ
͵.
      ʹ  ԡڢ Ե ˵ڵ һسٵ.
                     Իʡԡڢǵڶ.
                     -------------
                . Ҫǵڶ. ()
      "Ͷ ʶ šڵ  ʹ ʵڶ 
ù Ҫ þ .
        ڨڵ ٻ Ҥ Ե ھ
Ե ͡ ڨյ үԵڶ  ʵڵ êڪ.
 ʵڵ   ͹ԡڢ êڪ ͹Ե
ͯ  յԵڶ ڵ ҵ ҹ Ե
ʹڵ   Եڶ ڨյ ʹ շ.
һ  ʹڵڵ үԵڶ  ʵڶҵҹ
ʹ .   š ػڻڹ
"   ʡ ໵ ʵڶ ͭ Ծھ໵
ʡڢʵյ ʵڶ ػʧڡԵ " ʡ  Ծھ໶ҵ
. ʵڶ  ʵ "    Եڶ
  ÷൹ ǵڵԵҹ ٹ ͹ 
ҳ ڶյ ǵ  ʹ ʡ  
"  ʨ, Ūҹ շҹڵ ǵ 
Ҷ
         "Ͷ ʶ š     Եڵ Ҫöٻ,
          µڶ  շڵ,   ڶ ʧ Ԫҹڵ.
      ڶ "Ͷ ʶҵ Ҫ ʹڸ. 
šڵ:  ڸšҷʧڢҵ ͵ڵ. Եڵڵ:
ʵڵõҷԨԵڵ Ҫö  ǵڶŧڡҷԨԵڵ. µڶ ҵ:
 ͵ڵ   շڵ. Ԫҹڵ: Ԫҹڵҹ
 ڱԵҹ ͵ڶ Ҥʧڤҷ ⡻ ʧ ڶյ ͵.
      ʹ Ҫ ʵһڵԼ ԯ. ڻڵҹ
ҵڶԡ ʹ յ.
                    Ҫǵڶ.
                      -----------
                . ڪǵڶ. ()
      "  ؾ ڪԵҵ  ʹ ʵڶ
વ ù ڪ þ .
        "   ҵ  - ҳ ͡
ԡڢ ڪ Ԩõ.  ͡ ڪ ˵
ү Թڹ ǵ ʹڵԡ ڵ "
ҡ,  ʷڸ حڪԵ Ҥڵ շ;
Թڹ ڪ ˵ ͡ ҹ ڪԵ  ǯگյ
.  "ҷ յ Թ൵ "ʵ
. " ൵. "ک, ҵ յ.   ͡.
Ͷ   ͡ڵ շ໵ Ƿ  "
ԡڢع   ʾھ ڪ൹ ԨԵ ǯگ, 
 ڪԵ Գڱ Ե Գڱҵڻԡڡ൹
Ҥڵ õڵԯ  ү  Թ๹ ǵڵҡ
ʪڬԵ ͵ڵ  ໵ ³ د
ڪԵ ǯگ, Ԩڨ ڪԵ ͵ڵ⹻ 
͡ ҵ⾵.      
˵ڵ һس.   ҹ ءڡһ . Ͷ  ԡڢ
 " ڪ   ҹ ءڡһ  
ڪյ. "  ҷ  , Էҹ
@ԧö: . . . .
ͻڻ⵵. ԡڢ "  ͭ ҡõյ ʵڶ
. ʵڶ " ԡڢ,  ص ؾ ҷ
ڪ Ԩ, Էҹ  ڤࢹ յԹ 
ڪյ ǵ  Ҷ
         "  ؾ ڪԵ   ک  ڻڪ,
           š ʵ      ; ص ڷҵ.
      ʵ " ؤڤ ؾ ǵڵڻǵڵ೹ 
ʪڬҷ  ڪԵ ک ڤࢹ յԹ
ڻڪ,  ;ҷ ص   ͡š
ڤ೹  ڸҷš ʵ ͡š õյ.
          ʹ  ʵһڵԼҷչ һسٵ.
                    ڪǵڶ.
                      -----------
               . ͧڤŵǵڶ. ()
      " һ  ڵ  ʹ ʵڶ વ
ù ͧڤŵ þ .
      ǵڶ ͧڤصڵ - ǷԵھ.   ʵڶ ʹڵ
ھԵ ˵ڵ һس. Ͷ  ͧڤ ˤ
 صڵآ Ƿ,    طҹ ط
@ԧö: . . . /. . . /.
        "  ؾ ڪԵ    ک  ڻڪ,
          š ʵ       ; ص ڷҵ.
[ҷԹ ¹] طҹ ط๵ ͹ػҷ Ծھҹҵ
ԹԾھ.
      ԡڢ "     ػڻ⹵ 
 د. ʵڶ Ҥڵ " صڶ ԡڢ ͵
 ʹڹԹڹҵ بکԵ, " ͧڤŵ
Ծھڵҹҵ ص, "ԹԾھ ԡڢ  ص⵵,
" ͵ڵ  õ ԹԾھ⵵, " ԡڢ,
  ؾ ͡ ҳԵڵ Ե ͵ڵ һ,
ک  ҳԵڵ ڨ Ե ͻڻ ;
൹  һ Ź չڵ ǵ  Ҷ
        " һ          Ź µ,
          š ʵ        ; ص ڷҵ.
      ڶ Źҵ ˵ڵڤ ʹڸ صڵ. 
صڵҹڶ.
          ʹ  ʵһڵԼҷչ һسٵ.
                    ͧڤŵǵڶ.
                    --------------
                 . ʡøյǵڶ. ()
      "͹ڸ  ⡵  ʹ ʵڶ ͤڤ
ਵ ù ͡ ʡøյ þ .
      ͡   ʵڶ  ڻ ൵
ҹ ͷ. ʵڶ ڵԨڨ ͹ ù "ͷڸ
 Ե,   ó,   Եھ, óҹ
 Ե, Ե  ͹µ, ó µڵ  óʵ
Ƕ;   ó Ե, -  ک  
 յ  ʹڵ ڵ  ǹڵ 
ùڵ;   ó Ե, -    
ڱࡹ ˵ ౵ Ե  ک 
 ʹڵʹڵ;  óʵ ǵھҵ .
       ʹ ص ʪ ʡԨڨڻص .
͡  طԡ ʡøյ " طڸҹ 
 ͨک,  óʵ ǵ ǯگյ õڵԹڷ
óʵ ǵ. ʵڶһ  ԡڢԵ વǹ ͤ.
һ ԡ ճ ҹ óʵ ǵ. ඡ
ʵڶ ڨʡ š ࡹ  ԡ ͵ڵ
ҳ ͹ ԯ  "   ʵյ
ػù " ԡ  ʹ ص
@ԧö: . . . . óʵ Ե,  . . . . óʵ Ե.
 ճ ҹ óʵ Ե, Էҹ ڶ
ڵ  ԡ ڵ  بکԵ  - ʪહڵ
  Ҹء   Ҷ , 
Ҷ ʵһڵԼ ԯʵ,   Ҫһ
ҵڶԡ ʹ ʵյ  ڨʵԡڢػ વǹ
ԡڢԵ ͹ػؾྐྵ ͤڤ ͤ. 
"ʵڶ Ҥ⵵ ص  ڵ ڵ. һ
ԡ ʵڶ Ҥ ص "Ҥ   Ե,
ʻ - Ҩ سڳڷ ⤵ط⸵ دҹ
"  Գڳ Ǩکҹ ڶ dzڳdz ʵڶ
ԯؾ, Էҹ dzڳdzڳ   êڨ
ҷ - ʵ յ Թ. Ե  ڵ
ک  " ʹڵ  ү û,
 Էڶڵ ͹ԯԵ;  ͪڪ ԯ, զ 
 - ǯ௵ յ.  Թ " ʵڶ 
ʵء, Ե   ;    ʵڶ 
س ط Ե  ǯ௵ յ. Ͷ ͵
"Ե   ͹ » »; 
 ǯ௵   ک  յ 
շԵ  ǯ. ⹻ ʵڶ Ե ڵ
@ԧö: . ҵ صڵ.  . . . .
@. . . ø.  . . .
˵ ͹ڶ ͯ. ʵڶ " Ÿյ 
ªڤ Ҥ,  ͪڪһ ͡  , 
͡ ŷ ͹ յ س շ. 
سٵ  ʵڶ   ⡨ ԭڨ ǵڵ  ˵.
һ  ԡ  ǯ௵ ک ໵ Ե ʹڵԡ
کҹ ʻ¹ڵ  ʵڶ šҹ ͤ.
ʵڶһ  ءڢԻԵ  . һ šԵҡ
ͭ "ʵڶ ٻ   շԵ 
ࡹ Ҥ ڨʵ, ͵ڵ ʹڵԡ Ҥ
ڨʵյ.  ûک ໵ ʵڶ ʹڵԡ ͤ.
"   ʵڶ յ.    "
͵ کҹ ضتڪš  ͹µԡ
ʵ,  ʹڵԡ Ҥڵ کҹ  ʵһڵԼ
 µԡ ص Ե Ծھڵʵյ.  
 ó صڵ  ڶ.  šԵʭ
ʵڶ ػʧڡԵ ھڳչ ͹ڵ Ե ǹڷԵ
͡ڵ ͯ. ٻ   շԵ سٵ
ʵڶ ǹڷԵ Եڢ  ʵڶ  "
 Ҥکյ. " ҹ ൵. "ڶ յ. "
ҹ ൵. " ҹյ. "ҹ ൵. "ҹյ.
" ҹ ൵. Ե  ʵڶ ڵ  بک.
Ҫ تڬ " ʶ,  ʡøյ
ھطู ʷڸ ԨکԵԨکԵ ;   
` Ҥکյ ص `ʡ⵵ ǵڵھ, `
کյ ص `ʡŹڵ ǵڵھ ҵ. ʵڶ Ҫ
ʷڷ  "  ` Ҥکյ ص 
` ҹյ յ بک. "   ʡ
Ҥ ҹҶ, ` Ҥյ بکڵ  `
Ҥڵ Ը Ծھڵյ بک,    ҹ `
 Ҥڵ Ը Ծھڵյ. Ͷ ʵڶ "Ҹ Ҹ
,  بکԵ  ʪڪ⵵ 
Ҹء  صڵֻ بک "ڶ յ د 
` ҹյ յ. "   ûک ˵
ʡ کڵ ҹҶ, `  ڵ ڶ
Ծھڵյ بک, ˭ڨ  ص  ҹ `ڶ
ڵ Ծھڵյ. - Ͷ ʵڶ " بکԵ
 ʪڪ⵵ ص Ҹء  صڵֻ بک "Ͷ
 ` ҹյ د `ҹյ յ. " 
ó ҹ,   յ. Ͷ ʵڶ
" بکԵ  ʪڪ⵵  Ҹء 
صڵֻ بک "Ͷ  `ҹյ د ` ҹյ
@ԧö: . "˭ڨ  ҹ ` ص ڶ ڵ
@Ծھڵյ  Եھ.
յ. " ó ҹ , `õڵԹڷǻؾھҷ
 ء  յ  ҹ;   յ.
Ͷ ʵڶ " بکԵ  ʪڪ⵵
صڶ Ҹء   ൵ "͵ڵ 
  Ե  ҹҶ,  تڬ; ʭ
Ҩڢ ڶ,  ͹ڸ;  Ҩڢ ͵ڶ;
 ڢ⵵ ǵ  Ҷ
        "͹ڸ  ,     ࡵڶ Իʵ,
         ʡ ص       ͻ ʤڤ کյ.
      ڶ " ⡵:  šҪ Ҩڢ
ǹ ͹ڸ. ࡵڶҵ:  ͵ڶ   
͹Ԩڨҷʹ Իʵ. صҵ; ¶ ࡹ ҡسࡹ
Ź ͵ڶԵ  ǯگ ⡨ 
بڨ,  ͹⵪ ʹڵ;  êŹ ͵ڶ
ʵ  ͻ¤ ˹ڵ, ͻ ⡨  [ʵ]
ʤڤ ک ؤ  Ծھҹ  һسҵյ ͵.
      ʹ  ԡ ʵһڵԼ ԯ.
Ҫһ ҵڶԡ ʹ .
      һ ûک ˵ Ե ʹڵԡ ͤ. ʻ Թڹ
Էڷ.  šࢵ ûک ػڵ
ûک ⡯ ˭Ե ʷڷ ҹ . 
تڬԵ ԵԵ ⡯ - ڲ. -  ⡯ ڵ
 ԡ  .     Ե Ծھڵ.
Ͷ Ե  ࡹ ʡù Եڢ൹
Ե  ͷڷ. Ͷ  ػڻڪ.  " 
ʡ ͭ Ծھ໵ ʡڢʵյ ÷ ʵڶ ʹڵԡ
ڵ ڶ ਵ " ʡ  Ծھ໶ҵ
. ʵڶ  ʵ " ʨ, ͹ڤ 
   յ ó ڦԵ عڹ
طڷҹ ط ͸ԡùڵ ǵ ͹ڤصڵ - .
 ٵ ʵڶ ھڪ ҨԵ ŷڸٻڻ 
 ˵ڵ һسյ.
                     ʡøյǵڶ.
                  . ԡڢǵڶ. ()
      " ҷԨڨ ¹ڵյ  ʹ ʵڶ વ
ù  ԡڢ þ .
      ͡   ڵ ԡ ԡڢ ʵڶ
ػʧڡ. ҹڷ ʵڶ ǵڵó Ҥڵ
@ԧö: . .  . .  . . ҡڲ.
@. . . . ͹ڤ.
 ԡڢ  "ʵڶ  ʷڸ ʹڶ 
ǵڵ յ ⡯ ͯ. ʵڶһ  ʷڸ
ʹڶ   ҳ  .  ص
 ʾྻ ˵ڵ . ػڻԵ ҡʹ ͤ.
ҹڷ  ¹ ʵڶ ػʧڡԵ "
Ը ڵ ԡڢ Ҥ,  ˹ڵ بک. "
ҹڷҵ. "ù ह ൵. "ҡʹҹڷҵ. "
   ճҵ. " ҹڷ,  ʹڵ 
ص ˵ڵ ڵҵ.     ҡʹ .
ʵڶ "  ҹڷ ڵ ԷڸԻҷ Ե,
  -  ҡʹ کյ ǵ  Ҷ
         " ҷԨڨ ¹ڵ,    ҡ ¹ڵ Էڸ,
          ¹ڵ  š     વ  ˹ڵ.
      ʵ "  ҷԨڨ ҡ کڵ. 
 ԷڸԻҷ Ե, ൻ ҡ ¹ڵ Էڸ. һ
ڱԵ ˹  વ  ǯگš ¹ڵ
ùڵ Ծھҹ һسڵյ.
        ʹ  ʵһڵԼҷչ һسٵ.
                       ԡڢǵڶ.
                        -------
@ԧö: . . .
                . ԭڨҳԡǵڶ. ()
      "͡յҵ  ʹ ʵڶ વ
ù ԭڨҳԡ þ .
      ⾸  ʾ ض  ͻ
  ͡ڡ ʵڶ ڶ سط
ʡڡ طҷ. Եڶ ؤڤ ⪻ʷ
 ˵ʡڡ.  ͹ڵն  " 
⤵ ط,  طڸ; Թڵ Թڹ ˻ڼ,
ҡ Թڹ ˻ڼ; ҡ ෶ öҵ 
 ԭ໹ڵһ ʡڡ Ե  ʹڹԻԵ
"ࡹ   ػ¹  ⤵ ҹ ͹ڵ
dzڳ ػڻ෵ ʡڡ ҵ Թڵ. 
ǵڶ ԭڨҳԡ  ԾھҪԡ صڵٻ
ڤڻڵ Ǩک ,    Ԩکùڵ.
 ڵ  "ԭڨҳԡ Ԩڨ 
⤵ dzڳ ػڻ෵ ʡڡ ҵ.
 "͵ ػµ ڻԨک. Ͷ  Եڶ
ڵ ǹڷԵ ͯ. Եڶ  ʷڸ  . 
"    ʵ ǵ "ǹڷ ҵ ǵ
"     ,   ʷڸ  බҵ
. "Թ  ⤵  ڵ ˵ʡڡ
 Ԩùڵ  ҹյ. " ҹ ,  ๵ڶ
 ڵھڵ. "  Թ ҡ آԨک, ͵ڵҹ
Ԩڨ  ⤵ dzڳ ػڻ෵ ʡڡ
յ.  "Ҹ ,  ,  ԹڵԵڶҵ
ǵ ڡԵ Եڶ ŵ   ǵڶչ
 ص વǹ ԡڢ Թڷ⤻dzڳ
 ػԵ ڸҷ˵ڶ વǹآ - کڵ, "
  کյ ص, " ҡ  ๹ҵ
ǵ વǹ Եڶ Ե  "ǹڵ
ǹڷҵ  ԡڢ ػʡ વ صڶ
 ص  ʹڵ, " صڶյ ص, " ҡ
 صڶ๹ҵ ǵ ͡ʷʨڨ¹ بکҹ
"વ ೹ ⤵ ʷڸ ͡ڸد صڶյ
ضتڪҹ "ʨڨ  ͵ ⹵ ڢ ػڻ෵
ʨҵʨڨ¹ ŵԡ ط  Թdzڳ ʵ
" ⤵ Ԩڨ  ػڻ⹵ ͹ڸ ໵
ͯʨڨ¹ ط ڱԡ ڸԵ ػ 
ػԵ ˵ڶҷԯ ˹ࡹ ⡯گ໵ 
ʵ ŹڵԹڷ ص ³ Ҥ
@ԧö: . વǹآԹյ صڵ.
ŧڡ շԵ  ʹ  ڵ Ҥ
  " Ҫ   ,
  ʷ, ڼԵ  ڵó,   
Ԩڨ  Ե Իسڳ ҵ,   ٵԦ
ҹ,  ʻڻҷչ,  ͡ù ػҡҹ ͭ
Ҫҹ  ͹ҶԳڱԡ  Ң  ػʡ
" ԭڨҳԡ ڵھصڵ յ  ;
Ե ҹ,   ҹյ ٶԳڱ ˵
ڷڱ ʵ ڵ   Ҥ ͡.
Ҥ  ໵   Թ "Թ
 Ե   Ե   ǭڨ
ҹҵ . "      ҵ๵
ҵڵ.   ʡڡ ʹ سҡ . 
Ǫڪ "ԭڨҳԡ Ҥ ൹ ͡ʵյ 
"Է ǵڶ յ  ǻص ʷڸ Ҥ. ǻصڵ
ԡ⻵ ص ڱԡ ڸêڪ ͡ڻ
Թڷ. ص  ءڢԻ. ڱ ҹ 
ҷԯ .  ͤڤҷ Ԫڪ. һ "šڳ
ھطڸ ͡յ   ൵ űڱطڱ˵ڶ
વǹ . Ͷ Ҥ ڢػ ͵ԡڡڵ
һ ԪڪԵ . ը ͤڤԪ د. 
ŷڵ ھ ػҹ  ڵ ը Ծھڵ.
ͭԵڶҹ ʡڡ . ʾ  ڵ DZڲ.
      ع   د " ԭڨҳԡ
 äس ͤڤڢ ھطڸ ൹ ͡Ե
Թ ڵҵ. ʵڶ Ҥڵ " صڶ ԡڢ
͵  ʹڹԹڹҵ بکԵ, " ҵ ص,
" ԡڢ Է, ؾ  ൹ ͡Ե Թ
ڵҵ ǵ
       "ҷԯ -      ͳҹ ʾھ
          ڱ         ͻڻǡڢҵ
 ҷʹԻ һҵ - Եڶõ  "
 һ ⾸ʵڵ ҵ ʻڵ í
ͤڤ ص ʵڵ ʷڸ ൵ 
 Ե ͵ڵ ͵ڵ Իڻ  ҹ
ʵ " ص  ͹Ԩکڵ  Իڻ յ
í . Ҫ ط ʵڵ ûڻ
Ի. Ͷ  ھبک ͸ǵڶ ǵ Ԥڤ˵
ҤҪ  . ҤҪ  Ҥǹ ๵
ػڲêહ .  ڶ Ǩک Ե
@ԧö: . ҷҵ Եھ.  ͷҵ .  µ ෹
@ھڸԵ.  . . . /. . /.
ھԵء ǹڵڻ Ҥڵ ھԵ ҹԭ
Ծھ. Ͷ   ǹ  í .
Ҫ  ʹڵԡ ڵ ڻʹڶ ʾھ 
ǵڵ  ʵڵ êહ ൵ ൹ "
êહ Ԩڨ ڶ,    Ҫ ໵
ͤԤ   êڪ յ Ƿ دʹ
÷Ե  ک ͹ڵ  بک
"    Ҩڻ๹ ص൹ ¤
⵵. "ͤڤ ҵ. Ҫ  طڸҷ ˵
ûڻ Ի໵  Ե  êڪ .
 һ ʵ , ҵ ʻڵ
ԭڨҳԡҵ.
      ʵڶ ڶ ʵ "ԡڢ ͡  ʨڨǨ
  ԯԵҹ ʯšҹ ͡ڵھ һ
 ڶյ ǵ  Ҷ
         "͡յ    ҷ ڵ
          ԵԳڳš    ڶ һ ͡¹ڵ.
      ڶ "͡ڵ: ʨڨ. ҷҵ:  
Ǩ ͡ ʨڨ ڶ, ٻ ҷ. ԵԳڳ-
šҵ: ʯš.   "ڻڵ
ڻڵ  ԾھҹڻڵԹڵ   ڻڵ
 ʵ. ڶ һڵ:  ٻ Է  һ
͡ڵھڵ ڶ.
         ʹ  ʵһڵԼҷչ һسٵ.
                     ԭڨҳԡǵڶ.
                    --------------
                 . ʷʷҹǵڶ. ()
      "   š Ǫڵյ  ʹ ʵڶ
વ ù ʷʷҹ þ .
      ͡   ʵڶ ԡ Ե ڨʵԡڢػ
વǹ . Ҫ  ڵ ʵڶ ൵
ع Ҥڵءҹ ʪવ "ҹ  ʹڵٵ Ҥ
. Ҥ Ҥڵ í ҹ  ع
ʵڶ ൵ ҹ ʪવ "ҡ ҹ 
ʵٵ í Գ. Ҫ ڵ  ҹ 
"  ҹ صڵԵ , ع ҹ յ
عʻ ҹ ʪ. Ҥһ   ع
ʪڪٵ.   Ҫ Ҥ વ ʡ⡵, 
Ҥ Ҫҹ. Ͷ   Ҥ ʵس ʤس
DZವ, ¶  ʡڡ ˵ "Է   
ڶյ ǵڵ,  ҹ ʪڪ. Ҫ   "ʨ
 ҹ صڵԵ ҵ  ʡڢ,   ൹ҵ
ػ Թ൹ Իڪ. Ͷ  ԡ  ػʧڡԵ
" Ҫ  Ի, ࡹ  Թڷҹ
Źڵҹ ҵ بک. Ҫ  "ҹ   ҹյ.
" ҹ ҵ.   ڶ . Ͷ 
ԡ  "  Թڵ,    Ҫ
Ҥ Ҫ ԯؾ  صؾ , ˹
ҹ Էյ. Ե  ʷʷҹ ԷԵء
 ǵ "Ҫ šҳԻ ڨڹ ԡڢʵҹ
͹ǯ շڱ ,  ǯ
շʹڵ; ڨ ʵکڵʵҹ , ҹ ˵
ڨʵ ˵ڶ ڨڹ ԡڢʵҹ ڶ ҹ
ʹڵ, ͯ    õڵdzڳ , 
ڱ ʹڵ, Թڹ Թڹ ԡڢٹ ͹ڵ ࡡ
ڵ¸յ շԵ  ʵ, ࡡ ڵ¸յ ժ
ҷ   ԡڢ ժҹ ʵ,  ڵ¸յ
ԯԯ -  Ե dzڳ ڢԻʹڵ, 
͡ڨ ڵ¸յ ػڻš ˵ dzڳ
ڢԵڵ ̵  ʹڵ; Ҥҹ  
@ԧö: . . .  . .  .
ڵ¸յ ͵ڶ,  ʵکڵҹ,  ˵ڶ,  
Ҥ Ҫʹڵ;   - Ҫҵ. Ҫ "Ҹ ,
ҳ Եڵ  Ե ʾھ . ͡
 ԡڢ  ˵ڶ ڻ˵. Ͷ Ҫ ԡ  "
͡ ԡڢ  ˵ڶ ڻ˵,  ҵ. " 
ڨ˵ڶʵҹ ڶյ. "͵ڶ ,   د˵ڶ,
 ԡڢ  ҵ  ڱ ˹ڵյ. " 
͡ د˵ڶ⻵ ڵ ˵ ԯҹ ҹյ.
"ڶ  ҵ. " ͧڤ ʹڵࡵ. Ҫ
 . ˵ڶ⻵ Ÿ ͹ڵʵڶ ڢԻԵ 
 ൵ ͡ڢչ ŵ ͯ. Ҫ "ٻ
 ڱ˵ڶ ҡ, [] ͧڤŵ õյ
 ʵکڵ˵ڶ - . Ҫ յù -
طڸڻآ ԡڢʧڦ Ե ʵڶ ǹڷԵ " 
 ҹ ڻڱ  ͡ڻڱ  ʾھڵ
ҡ յ .     ͡
Ԩڨڵ طڷ⡯Ը ˵. ʵڶ  "ʵکڵ շŧ
Ҹ ҷ⡵ ڵ ͹ڦ. ع ٻ 
طڸҹ ҹ  ҵ  ;   "ʷʷҹڵ
@ԧö: . . . . .  . . . . "....ʵکڵҵ
@ڶ.  . . . . "յùҵ ڶ.
.   ʾھطڸҹ ͡ ˵. ʵڶ  -
ʾʭڨ Եڶ Է˵. í  " 
س ҵ  ڨ .   Թ "
Ҫ ҹ, ͡ طڷ⡯Ը  - ک,
  ҹ حڪԵ ڵ Իڹ Էڷʹڵ;
  ҪŹڵ. س  Թ " í
ҹ,   ʡڡ Ҫ ͯ൹ ٻ ҹ ҵ,
ʾھʵڵҹ ڵ ෹  ڶ;   Է ҹ
͹յ. ʵڶ ڵԨڨ Ҫ ͹ڶ ڵ
. ʵڶ Թ "í ˦ ǵ൹൹ 
ҷҹ Թڹ: ʡڢ   Ҫ Եڵ ෵ ط
⹵.   ڨҹ Եڵ  " í
ҹ ͹بکԡ ͹ ;  ʵڵ طڸ
ʵ, س ʵһڵԼ ԯʵյ  
͹ءڻ Ԩڨ ٻ ҹ  Ե í ػڻԡ
Ҷ ǵ دʹ  . ԡڢ ͧڤŵ
بک "    د˵ڶ ڵ õ Ե 
յ. "  ʵ.  ʵڶ ػʧڡԵ 
"ͧڤ  ͭ ҡõյ. ʵڶ " ԡڢ
ͧڤ µ, ճҹ  ͹ڵ યʷ
@ԧö: . . . . "ʵڶ ҵ ڶ.  . . . .
 صڵʷ ԡڢ  ¹ڵյ ǵ Ǥ Ҷ
         "          ԪԵԹ
          ๪ ҵ طڸ     ڵ.
      Ҫһ ʻڻ "ٻ   ҹ
 Ե  ͹بکԡ ͹ ͡ Ҷ ǵ
ʵڶ دʹ ,  ʵڶ ͹بکԡ ҹ ͡
͹بکԡ  ʵ, ڻڱ ͷ ͡ڻڱ
Թڹ ʵ, ʵڶ  ػ൹ Եھ,  ʨ 
ҹҹٻ ͹ ҵ ǯگյ  ڵ ʵڶ ǹڷԵ
͵Ǩ "Թڹ    ҵھصڵ ҹ  Թڹ
ط ҹҹٻ ڻڱ ͷ ͡ڻڱ Թڹڵ.
" Ҫҵ. "   ҹҹبکԡ ͹
ҵ. "Ҫ ͹بکԡ  ҹ Թڹ, ͵ 
ʷʷҹ , ͡ طڸ ͡ ʡڡ ҵ,
ع ٻ  ҹ طڷڵ. "Ͷ   
ҹҹٻ ͹  Եڶҵ. " طڸڵ
Ҫҵ. "     ʵ. Ͷ ʵڶ
Թڹ ڨҹ Եڵ ਵ  ͹ءڻ Ԩڨ
͹ ͡ Ҩԡڢ. Ҫ "ʨڨ    
ԹڵԵڵ بکԵ, "ʨڨڵ ص, " ʹڵ ͤڤ˵
 صڵ ʷڸ  ͵ڵ ʹڵ ෹  
ҹ? -    Թڹ,  Թڹ ˵; ï  
ԡڢҵ  ï Ե س ໵ "ʨڨ 
  ԹڵԵڵ بکԵ, "ʨڨڵ ص, "Ҹ ҵ,
ʹ,   êڪ ˵  Թڹ ʵڵ
ҹ ҹ յ  ʵڵ êڪ ෵ ʵڶ
 "ʶ   ó,   Թ 
 ͷյ. ʵڶ " Ҫ,   
ҹ ͹ԹڷԵ ؤڤԻ¹ ˹ڵ,    ҹ
͹Ե ʤڤ¹  ˹ڵյ ǵ  Ҷ
               "   š Ǫڵ,
                  ڻʹڵ ҹ,
                  ҹ ͹
                  ˵ آ õڶҵ.
      ڶ "ҵ: ڸک. ҵ: Ըššڶ
ͪҹ. õ: ڱ. آ õڶҵ:  
ҹҹح  Ծھڻڵ ͹ آ ˵յ.
      ʹ س ʵһڵԼ ԯ. ڻڵ-
» ҵڶԡ ʹ . س ʵһ ص
ʵڵ í Թڹ ҹ ͷյ.
                      ʷʷҹǵڶ.
                      ----------
@ԧö: . . . . .
             . ͹ҶԳڱԡصڵǵڶ. ()
      " ͡êહҵ  ʹ ʵڶ વ
ù   ͹ҶԳڱԡ صڵ þ .
        Ը ʷڸڻڹ ʯ ص
ص  ʵڶ ʹڵԡ ڵ,   Ҥ ,
  ʵ,  ʧڦ Ǩڨ ҵ Ԩک; Ե
"  ҵ յ ص⵻  Ǩ  سҵ. Ͷ
Ե Թ " ٻ ԯ ˵ Ԩù ըԻ
ʵ;      ٻ,   ʹ 
ص  ;     ๹
͹Ԫڬʵ  ڶ, ๹  Թڷյ. Ͷ 
 "ҵ ʶ ص  ڵ  ص
, һʵ  յ. "ʶ ҵҵ. "
صڵҵ.  ǵ ԭ ˵ ʶ ص
 ͤ. ๹  Ԩڨ ڶ; ¶Ҽء
Ե   ͤ. Ͷ Ե "ص 
ʶ , զ Ҥҷչ öҵ ǵ
.  "һ ͤڤ˵  حڪյ 
ԡڢԻ. Ͷ Ե  ˹ һڱԡ . -
@ԧö: . ͷյ Եھ.
  ˵ඹ ˵  حڪ. Ͷ  ع
ʯ "ҵ һ  ; ʵڶ  
͡  ؤڤԵ Ҥյ .  
ڵ ʵڶ   ͡  ؤڤԵ
Եء . Ͷ ʵڶ šڢҡ ͡.
   šࢵ "ػԻ ؤڤյ 
. "ؤڤյ سڵ  ʡڡڨ سڵ
. ǭڨ  سڵҹ  ʵһڵڤҷ ෵.
ʻ "ؤڤյ سҵ. ʵڶһ šڢҡ
õ.  "ػԻ ؤڤյ  س
ʵһڵԼ ԯҵ.  ع طڸڻࢹ ԡڢʧহ
ʷڸ ǵڶ . ʯ   "ͪڪ 
صڵ ҡ بڨյ Թ. ʻ ͵ "
ǵ  Ե ͪڪ ʵڶ ʹڵ һ  ,
һó  ʶԡ Ԩکҵ. ʵڶ
  һó ʶԡ ͭ. ʯ
طڸڻآ ԡڢʧڦ Ҥ- صڵʻ . -
 շԵ س Ҥ  ҷ ҷ ڵ
حڪ. ʯ ʵڶ ڵԨڨ صڵ 
ڱԡ ໵ "ҵ  `  յ
@ԧö: . .  . ͷյ صڵ.
ǵ ʶ ҷ໵  Գ, - Է ʹڵ.
 ʵڶ  һ   Ūڪ "
 һյ ǵ " ҵҵ بڨ⹻  .
Ͷ Ե ʵڶ ǹڷԵ " ͪڪ  صڵ
ҡ بڨյ ǵ, " ʯյ ص, " 
 `һʵ  յ ǵ  
ع һ ͤڤ˵ حڪԵ  Ԩک; ͪڪ 
๻ һ  Ԩکյ . ʵڶ " ʯ,
ͪڪ  صڵ ڡǵڵڻڵ⵻ šš-
ڻڵԻ ʵһڵԼ ùڵ ǵ  Ҷ
         " ͡êહ     ʤڤ ๹ 
          ʾھšҸԻਹ      ʵһڵԼ ùڵ.
      ڶ " ͡êહҵ: ڡǵڵêહ. ʤڤ
๹ ҵ: ھʵԸ ʤڤ ͸Ԥ๹. ʾھšҸ-
ਹҵ: ͵ ͵ڵ  Ҥػڳҹԡ ʷڸ
ʾھ  ҸԻਹ. ʵһڵԼ ùڵ:  ͵ڵ
 êڪ õһ ҷ ص ˵, ʵһ 
Եһ· ص ʾھؾھŻ ͯ   Ծھڵ;
@ԧö: . ڶ ⻵ڶ "ҵ   ` յ ǵ
@ʶ ҷ໵  ⵵  Ҩ ҡ .
 ʵһڵԼ  صڵڵ ͵.
         ʹ  ʵһڵԼҷչ һسٵ.
                  ͹ҶԳڱԡصڵǵڶ.
                  šǤڤdzڳ ԯԵ.
                      Ǥ.
                     -------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=23&A=542 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=23&A=542 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=23 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=721 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=711 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=711 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

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㹡ó :- 
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