͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ ҹ.. (ڶ.)

                       .  صڵҹdzڳ
      ԡڡ൹ dz೹ҵ صڵҹ.   ػڻڵ?  Ҫ
õ  Źڷ. ൹   ¹ - س  ؤڤ
Ҫʯ ػ ǵ,   صڵ, صڵ   յҵ
  ҹʡ.  ඡ Ҫ "Ҫ๹ ʵڵ ڢڵ
Եھ" ʹ .  ص ʯ  Ҥ سڳ "ҵ
ҡ Ԫ ڢڵ Եء,   ڢڵ , ط 
" .  ڢڵ  ʸҹ ˵,    ҵ
ҤصڱҹԻ ڶ, -   ڢ൹,   Ե յ.
൹   ٵ.    ڷڤŭڨ ˵ "
Ҥ ڢڵ ̹ڵ,  Էڷ  ҵ , ڻ 
ͪڪ Ԥس һ Ե ڵ "  ǵ ࢵڵ ͤ.
     Իصڵû ʵڵ øһ  د "  
ͪڪ  ʧڤ ҵ ǯگ" ࡹ سڳ ͵ڵ ҳ
͹ ԯ  "ʷ   , ʡڢʵ   ʧڤ ҵع"
@ԧö:  .. ൹  ¹   .  ʹڵ
ࡹ  ʷڸǭڨ ʧڤ ҵ ڶǭڨ ڻڨ  
ڻڵԻ  ڵ ҷ  ʹҹ ڵ ү -
͡ ھ ࡹ  ͯ. س    ໵ ڨԯ-
൹  ǹڷԵ "ڵ ͵ ʵ" ڵ ڻ 
ͷ. Ͷ  ڵڨ ǹڨ Ե ͷ,  "ҹ¹ ͵
ʵ"  ҷ ҹ ǵ ͷ.
      Թ "  ک ʵ, ʨ ˷ ,
     ʡڢʵ,   ڵ ҷ ڤ
Իڪ,   ".   ⶡ յԹ 
ڤ  ͹⵹ .  ͹ڵ  
Թ "ͻ໡ ¸ ʵ   , ͻ໡  
ʹڵ ¸  ˵, ͪڪ     ԯ, ¸
 ͵ڶ, ʵ    ʧڤ˹".  ڵҪ ͵õ - 
ڨԯ൹ ǹڷԵ " Է ٢  յ ҵ ͨԹ൵ 
 ʧڤ ö" . Ͷ  ڵ ػ  ࡹ ˵ඹ
Ҫ õ ࡹ ˵ඹ  ڵ ҹ ػڲ Թ
"Ź" ˵ඹ ڵ Է.  "  ,  ʡڡ Ը
ҵ, ҡ  Ըšʧڤ - ͡ šʧڤ ö, 
ҵء" ǵ ʾھ  ԯ໵ " ԯ
ҤԹ ʹ" ڶ ͡.  " ˵" ǵ Ե ͹
 ͡ طء շԵ ڵԨڨ ͡. һ ԹǵڵԵ
ڱ Ե ڵ .
@ԧö:  . һ   . ໵   .,. Ը ʧڤ
      س⳻ ͱڲڵ - ҹ Ե Ԧک Ե ʡ⡹ 
ʪવ ͡ ءڢ Ե ڤ ࡹ շ. Ͷ  
ڵ ҷ کҹ   " Ԧک   ࡹ
Թ,   `͵ ' વ ⵷ů - ʵ, 
 õڶ ʵ, ԡ " Թ൵ 
" ͪડ Եڵ ,    õڶ ,  
 ڵ ùڵ ͹ڵ ʹһ   ڵ  
ع  ڵ ڵ Ե Ҥ,   Եڵ".  "
 " بکԵ ع ڶ ص " Ҹ ǵ  
 ڵ  ҹ, һ ͪڪ  ڵڨ ⢷ڨ
Թڹ" ʹڹҹ  Ǩ ԹڷԵ  ŷڸڵ Źڵ
 ͧ   Էڷ ͡ڡ.
     Ͷ  Եҹ بسڳ ػҷ ʾھ õڵdzڳ ص
ԡûػڼ  ҹ ͯ.  ط ࡵ -  
" ͵  Եҹ ʾھ  dzڳ ص µ,  
  ͵ ŷڸڵ ͡ڢչ ڵ".  ڻ 
µյ.  د ڶ ڵ ͡  Գڱ ˵ ڤ Ե
dzڳ  "  ʹһ Թڹ ͪ Ի
,    ʡڡ ͵ڵ  Ԩک෵ حڪԵع" 
 ڵҵ dzڳ õ Ҫ ڵ í ⵡ Ե
Ҫҹ ෵ " ҵ" ص " ͪڪ  Եҹ ʾھ
dzڳ - ص Ե, dzڳ ໵ ǯگ" .  ǹڵ.
@ԧö:  . ͯڵ   ⵷¯; .. // (.)
@ . ࡹ   . ʾھ dzڳԵ, . ʾھ dzڳԵ
س ˹ڵ.    ͪڪ ڵ. ʹһ  
ڵڨ ⢷ڨ Թڹ, »   ˯ڵ  Թڹڵ.
      ص Ҫ "ͪ   ʹһ Թڹ Ի
" ǵ "ҵ  " بک. ٹ ʡҹ ԳԵ
dzڳ ໶ҵ. Ҫ ʡҹ Գ. Ҫ "í ʹڵ"
˹ Ե Ե ڵԡ ˵. -  ڵ í- "ҵ
 Թڵ ǵ Ե" د "ҡ ʹڵ" . "൹
 ҵ ع ک, `سڳ ʹڵ' ǵ ˶" . 
 . Ե Ե dzڳ .  ʾھ Ե Ҫڤ
 ͡, յ˵ڶؾ  . Ҫ Ҥ ʹڹԻҵ໵ 
"  ͵ڶ ʨ ͵ڵ dzڳ". ڶ ҵ.  
ҵ ǯگյ. ʯԨکڵ ҵ. Ҫ "ظʯ  ˵" ˹൹
ह ʷڸ  ʯԨکڵ ͷ.
     Ͷ    "  ͵ڵ  á , ʹҹ
 ෶". ൹ ,   µ, ͵ ໵ 
յ ҳʯ ˯ҹ Ҩԡڢ.    Ի 
໵ ˻ʹڤŭڨ ڵڤŭڨ ͡ ù ʵڵ
طڸڻآ ԡڢ ҹ ͷ. Ͷ ʵڶ ҹҹ ù
͹ػؾھԡ - .  سڳʯ    յ  صڵҵ
»  ʵһڹ .
     ͻ Ҫʯ سڳʯ յ ͵ڵ صڵ .
 " " ص  "  õ, ͵ڵ   
@ԧö: - ..  ڵ í è   .. ͹ػؾھ 
ʹ  ڻڵ ŷڸ, ෵  صڵ  յù" . 
"Ԩکҷԯԡ ,  յ  õ Թ Ե  ʡ⡵, 
յ " . Ͷ   ʯԤ˻ԡҷ - Żصڵ " ൹
ʷڸ  Թڷ,  յù" Ҩ.   Ǩ ڻԨکԵ
Իسڳ յ ͷ.  ԡ   ԡڢ
 ԡڢع  ػʧڡԵ ҹ  ҵ   ʵ ŵڶ, 
ͱڲ  յǵ ͵ڵ ʹڵ  Ԩ بک "Էҹ
Եڵ ͹ - ԯ". ͱڲ µ.  ҵһԵٹ ʹ
Գ "   ڸҤ ڢԻ,    šڢ˵ 
  ǵ,  ٻ Ԩکҷԯԡ  ҵ, Ҥ
 ԡڢطʹҷ ͡ڻ ح ҵ   ". Ͷ Ե
"ءڢԵ - ǵ  յ" ͹ڵ ෵ ڨ һҹ
, "    ԡ ͵ڶ, ԡ  ҵ,
 һ  ๵ ԡ ෵  ¶ب حҹ
õ" ʹ  Գ. صڵ   ࡹ   "Է"
ص "  ͱڲ  ԡ  Ԩõ,   
ͱڲ ҹ ҵء ڨ ʵء" .   ٻ
Եڶ  ػڻڹ "Ҹ" ڻԨک.
     صڵһ  طڸڻآ ԡڢ ൵ "  ͱڲ
ͭڶ ͤڵ  ԡڢ ˵ھ" ʵڶ ԭ ˵ "⵷ҹ
  һó,  ʵڶ ػҵ ڨ ʵ "
@ԧö:  . ʯԤҷ   . ͹   . ؤڤ
دҹ " Ҥ ,  ڵ ,   " ҹ
ʾھԨڨҹ Է˹ڵ Ԩõ. Ͷ  " һó ʵ"
ҹ ҵ  "   ùڵ  ͹ڸ Ԩõ"
ࡵ  ʷԹڹ ԡ ͡Գڳ ͧڤڢԵ  ԷԵ
Ԩҹ  " - ͹ڸ    ڻڵ ҹǵ,
`سڱ ػ' دԵڵ Ԩõ" Ե ͻک. -
      ͻ  ʹڵ Ե  "   ࡵ 
ʵ"  ҵ๹ ࡹڵ صڵ  " ࡵ Թ
Ե, ͷڸ  ͵ ʷڸ ʹڶ ͵ڶ" Թ.   ͱڲ
  áԵڶ ص ҹһ  ڻڵ ͹ҹ ͵ڵ
áԵڶ ͪҹԵ " Թ" ʭ ͡.  صڵ
Ҧҵ ڸԵ "ءڢ ػڻ" ҷ  ҹ Ե
ǻ ڡدԵ - ʻڻ کع ҷ صڵآ - .
صڵ  Ҥکڵ  " ԡ  ػ - , ڡ
͵ھҸ,  ͵Թը,   ԡ  ˹, ڻ
͵  ҹڨ ҵ ڨ ʵ ,    ͵ ػ
 ͵ڶ, Է ʻڻ  ˵,  ڶ,   ˵" -  ڵ
.   ڶ ԭڨԵڻ ڡدԵʻڻ ⵷  .
Ͷ   "Է յ ʵ" ع کء õ ҷ Ҥکڵ
صڵ   " ؾھԹ   ҡ  ػ ڡʻڻ
ԭڨԵ ͹بکԡ"  ʹڵહڵ    د ˵  
@ԧö:  .    . ͻک   . ڡԵ, .. ڡضԵ.  ػԻ
@ صڵآ;­ڨ صڵػԡǵڶ Եھ
@ . ˻  .,. յ, صڵ ùڵջ õ ʡڢ. Ͷ  ػ
 ʾھ  ԾԵ "  ٻ   "
 ǷԵ ˷ࡹ ໵ ʵҡŹ ;ڪ.
        ͵ڵ áԵڶ  Թ " 
  ԡ Եڵó  ػ ڡʻڻ ԭڨڵ,
 `˶ '   ҳ໵  Ż ʾھ 
ԾԵ  ڵھ ͡, ʨ   , طڸ
 ʵڵ "  ҷ ԻڪԵ "   ʹ"
.  ʻڻԵԡ յ, Ե  һ յ. ˵ ,
Եڻ  سڳʯ յ. س  ǯ Ե, ǯ
Ե һ   յ.    ǯ Եҵ.
ھط⸵.  ൹ ʷڸ -  ڶ,   յ. -
ʵڶ  ԡڢ ҷ ԸҤʵ,  ¶ŷڸ ʡڡ ˵ 
Ҥڵ  յ.  "Ҹ " د ͵ڵ  ڵ
ڨʵԨԡԵڶ ҳ໵ ҹԸҹ ҷҹ  ҹ
 ڻ෵ ع  ʡڡ ҷ صڵ  Ҥڵ
طڸڻآ ԡڢ  ԯ ˹ڵ ͯ,  ʾھ
˵ صڵ Է.
     һ ʵڶ ڵԨڨ ʷڸ ù ʵڶ ҷ Իڪ,
Ͷ  ʵڶ بک "  ͻ". "   Է 
, Ͷ  ԡ  ҹ  õ  ػ
͡,   س ҹԵ  , Ͷ   `
@ԧö: -  .  ڶյ. ˵ µ.   յ
һ - ' ".   صڵõ.  ,  
ԡ ڡʻڻ Եڵڵ. Ͷ   ԹڵԵڵ. "ڡ ͵ھҸ,
 ͵Թը,  ԡ  ˹,   ͵ 
ҹڨ ҵ ڨ ʵ ŵڶ,    ػ  ͵ڶ,
Է  ˵,  ,  ˵"  Թ൵  ڵ  ൵.
ʵڶ "Ҹ Ҹ صڵ,  ⡸ ԹԵ ǯگ, ⡸   ู͡
͡ ͹ʹ൹,  ͻʹ൹, ڸک ͵ڵ ʹڵ
๹, ҷ ʨڨǨ๹ ԹԵ" ڶ ʹ:-
                 "ู͡  ⡸         Ҹ Ҹع 
                    ๹          ʨਹԡҷԹ" -
 Ҷ ǵ Ҷһ ʨڨ . ʨڨ صڵ
ʡҤԼ ԯ,       ʵһڵԼ ʨکԡ,
һ ڨʵ ʵһڹ . ͻ صڵ  
ǵ ػڻڪ. Ͷ ڤ ˯ صڵ Ǩԡ
ù صڵ Ǹյ :-
         []   "ԡڡ൹ dz೹           ԯ  
                  ʹڵ  ʾھ      ʸ  á.
         []    ࡹ 'ҷ dz      ࡹ  Ը Ԫڬ
                  ػڻڪڵ          ࡨ  .
         []              بک   ҹ
                            ٵ  ح
@ԧö:  .    .. //
                            ࡹ ǭڪԵҹ
                            dz   ʾھ ʵ"
    Իبک.
         []    ǵ ͵ڵ       ڤ๹ بکԵ
                  د ҡ        Է .
         []            "   -  -
                             ʹڵ
                           ͡⡸ ڵ ҹǵڵԹ
                            Ԩڨڻڵ.
         []   ҵطڷ ڨ            ڢ ͯ
                 ү»ڢڨ          ͯڤҤ.
         []   ʶ ػ -       ʷ  ص
                 ʭ Ҥ         ҹ .
         []   ҳҵԻҵ õ        ҷ  ʭ
                   ͵Ԩ       ڪҹ  á.
         []   ڨԡڢһ õ        ʨڨҹ Է
                 ػԡ ڢ         ⤵ .
         []    ࡹ Ź           Թ
                 ͹ ʡ ح          آԵ '.
@ԧö:  . ک, . ک. ػԻ
@ .. . ػԻ      ػ
             []  ൹ 'ҷ dz       ൹  Ը Ԫڬ
                    ػڻڪڵ           ࡨ  .
             []          ͡ڢ  ԡڢ ҹ
                            ٵ  ͡
                            ൹ ǭڪԵҹ
                            dz   ʾھ ʵ"
ǵһ ʪ.
           []    Ǩ๹    ǹ "صڵ
  ػԡ    ǹڷ" ͹ک   ๵
    ͭ  ҡ,   ʡҤԼ
ҡյ.
          #[]  ڶ    ,  
ʹڵҵ   ͤ ʹڵչ ͭ Եڶչ ڻڵҷ
ڻڵ¹šڢ , ­ڨ ǡԡҷʹһ ԭڨ Ҩڵҹ
ͷҵء ͵ڵڻڵԹԤ˹šڢ ک,   ŻҷԹ 
ؤڤšڢ  ػڻڪ, -  ⸻ һ  Ե 
ʵԻ ڨ   ػڻڪ. ͡⡸ҵ ڵڵҹطڷڻڹ
͡تڬ. ڵ ҹǵڵԹյ ؾھدҹکҹԻҵҷԹ - ԡ
͹ءǹ  ǵڵ, һԹյ ͵. 
Ԩڨڻڵҵ  ʶáڢ Ԩڨ ͻڻڵ ͻڻҷԹ.
@ԧö:  .  Ԩ ػڻڪڵ   . ؾھدҹکҹԻڪҷԹ
       #[]    ͻڻҷ ʹڵ    áڢԵھ,
ҷ ¶  áڢԵھ,  ʵ "ҵطڷԹ"ҷ. ڶ ҵطڷ
ڨԹڵ ڢҵ ھ, ͨڨڵ ਵ ػ¤Ǩ.   -
ڢ ͯյ ͵ڶ ҵ Ǩ. ү»ڢڨҵ - óڢڨ, -
ҵطڷջڨͯչ ¶ҡڡ ҷ ͹ڵ ҵ ʹԡڢʹ
ʶ Եھ ڢڨ,  үԻ ʵڵ  ҵ ͵.
ͯڤҤڵ ҳҵԻҵ ҷ ͯ ͧ  د
Ҥ ڹҤ.
       #[]  ػʹڵ ػ. ͵յ  Է ͹ҤǨ. ࡨ 
"ػ"Ԩ ڵ. ʷҵ ʻڻ - ʾ ʶ.
ٵ ʶ ี. Իڼ෵  Է . صҵ
ҨҨԵ ص. ʷҵ  ʾھ. ٵ Ԩڨ. صҵ
Ҩ ص.
       #[]  Էҹ  Ԩڨ ʵ "ҳҵԻҵ õ"ҷ صڵ.
ڶ ⳵  ʵ, ڶ ԵԹڷ. ҳ ͵Ի ҳ
ҳ ҳҵԻ, ͵ڶ  ҳʭ ԵԹڷػ੷-
ػڡدһԡ Ǩշҹ ͭ÷ûǵڵ Ǹਵ. 
ҳҵԻҵ. õҵ õ, ǵڵҵ ͵.
        ҷҵ   ҷáڢ ͵ڶڪ Ǩջ 
» , ҷҸԻڻ¹  ҷǨջ¤دһԡ
ਵ . Ͷ  ҵ ٵ ͵ک ǵڶ, ⷵ 
@ԧö:  .,.    .,. үԡڢڨҵ
@ . ү ڢڨ   . ʷҵ ʾ ͯ ү
ٵ ک ԭ໵ء  ԭڵدһԡ ਵ. 
ҷ ʭ õ, õҵ ͵. ʷ ڻԳڱ.
     ҵ  بڨ ඹ, ԡ  óڵ ͵. ͵ڶ
ûԤڤ ûԤڤԵʭ ҷ¡ػڡدһԡ ਵ
.   ʭ, áҵ  ھ.
     ͵Ԩҵ ͵Ԩڨ  ͵Ԩ, šҷ ͵ԡڡԵ ͤ¯
ʹ  ԨکҨõ ͵. ͤ¯ҹ :- ҹ ҵ-
áڢԵ ԵáڢԵ ҵһԵáڢԵ ҵáڢԵ ԹáڢԵ ҵáڢԵ
⤵ڵáڢԵ áڢԵ áڢ ʻԷڱҵ , ڡյ ڷԹ
Թ Թ ͷڵԹ ھ     
 ˯ صڵԡҵ ҵ ʵ Եڶ. Եڶ  Թڹ áڢ-
ʻԷڱҹ ʹڹڨ ڡյҷչڵ ҷʹڹ ͭ ͤ¯ҹ,
Է Ը ͸Ի໵. šڢ  ʷڸҸԻڻ¹ ·ûǵڵ
ͤ¯ҹյԡڡਵ ͵Ԩ.  ͵Ԩ.
     ڪҹҵ ڪ بڨ ¯   ­ڨ, ǹڵ ൹ҵ
ҹ, ڪ ҹ ڪҹ.  ਵ ڪʧڢҵ ԯ
 ͷ ԳڳڢԵڵ صڵҵ ڨ  ,
ػڼ    ص⵵ ڨ  
ժ  ʤहһ ǵ,  ਵ ڪҹ. -  ڪҹ
á õ.
       #[]  "ҳҵԻҵ õ"ҷԹ ҵھʹ Ե
Ե Ԩڨ ع ҷҵھʹ ͡  ʹڵ
@ԧö:  . ڪҹ
"ڨԡڢһ õ" . ڶ ԡڢһڵ ԡڢԵھ, ԡڢ-
⡯ʵ ͵. Ͷ  ҹҷ - ʾྻ   ԡڢԵھ
ԡڢ, ڨ  ŧ §ڡԭڨ ͧڤ  ԡڢҹ ԯҹ ڵ
ԡڢҹ ڵ ԡڢһ, ڨ ŧڤҹ.  ڨ ԡڢһ õ
õҵ ڨԡڢһ õ. ʨڨҹ Էҵ ԭһҹʨکԡ-
ǹʹ ءڢط¹øڤʧڢ  ʨ  Իس,
Էڸʨڨҵ ͵. ⤵ҵ  ǹڵ ⤵൹ Ե൵. ⹵
Եڵ,  .
       #[]  ˹ڵ  ¶ صڵس . ࡹ Źҵ ͹ءԵҷԹ
͵ڵ Ź  ʶҷҷҹŹ  ó൹.   ʵڵҹ
ʡ Եآ˵   "ʡ" بڨ. :-
            "   ʡ ˵         ڨ ҷ ک
             ڨ ͹ؤ ˵           ͹Թ". -
       Թյ "صڵ ػԡ Ҩڻڹ ͹ء ک
͡⡸"ҷԹ "Ҥ ԭҵʹ"ҷԹ  ¶ٵسҸԤ൹
ŵ Ź  ڵ ڶ௹ Եڵʷ෹ Թ Եڵ, ൹
 Ť೹ Ը ͸Ԥ൹ ʻù Թ ڻڹ. ͹
ʡ حڵ ¶ٻԵ ͵ڵ ح ڨ.   ح ͹µ,
ٻù  حڻ ͹µյ بڨ. Ͷ  ضتڪ بԵڻ
"ح" بڨ. ¶ "ҹ ԡڢ ҹ ҷҹ˵ Է
ح DZڲ". -  آԵ 'ҵ Ծھࢹ  ࢹ  آԵ
  , ԡਵԡءڢ ͹ ä.
@ԧö:  . ਵҷ   .. //   .. /,/,
        #[]  ҵ ʷ بڨµ. ൹ " Ǩ๹  ǹ,
  " ǹڷ بڨ⹵. ͹ک¹ڵҷԹ ͵ڵ
ԡ ҡ ʵ.  ҵҷ ʧڤյԡǨ. 
صڵҵ.
                     صڵҹdzڳ  ԯԵ.
                          ------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=30&A=1459 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=30&A=1459 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=26&i=15 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=26&A=365 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=26&A=400 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=26&A=400 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_26

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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