͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ ҹ.. (ڶ.)

                      . .  ҹdzڳ
     ԡڡ൹ dz೹ҵ ҹ.   ػڻڵ?  ǵڶ
õ વ. ൹ ¹ Ң ػԡ ͭ Ƿ
 Ԩóڶ ԡ Ԫ๹  Ե عҵҹԵڵ 
حڪԵ ŵһҸ ̹ڸԵ ڨ ԡ Ե
˹൹ ¹ ˵ Ԩ෹ -  ԡڢԵ - ҹ طڷ
کڵ Թ "ŷԡ    ൹, ˹ڷ  ڵ
ǹڵ ǹ   ǹڷ, ڨ "  ڵ
͡  ŵһ̹ڸ حڨԵ   ˵  ǹڵ
ǹڷԵ ͡ڵ շ.    .
       ص ǹڵ ǹڷԵ ڢԳ  ǹ 
ԡڢ ǹڷԵ  ԡڢԵ ⶡ ڵ   "˹ڷ 
ó ̹ڸ".   ڱԡ  ڸԵ  ໵
  ԨԵ  Ե ڵ "Ե , ԯ 
" ǵڵԵء . Ң "    ໵
Ե   ͵ڶ  Ԩڨ"  ڵ ǹڵ
ػʧڡԵ ǹڷԵ ͵ڵ ͸Իڻ ෹ڵ "  ,
͸ʵ   ͹ءڻ ػҷ" . ͸ 
سǹ.
       ̹ڸ ʵҸԡ⡯ͤڦ ʪવ 
ڤҹù ǡҸԯ@ԧö:  . ù   .. ԡڢ
ڵԵڵԶ⤻ҹԡڳԡ þҵҹʻҹҷ 
ԡڻԵ ػԡظҡ ح èԵҡŵ-
ҷԨԵڵԨԵڵ ػԹԯԵԡدگʷԵ - ҹʷ
˯ ڨ ʵҹ, ػ ڨ ʵҹյ ʻڱԵ
طڸ   ԡڢ  ʹҹبکԡ ˹ڵ ҷ  ûҷ-
ʭڨ  ǹ دڱڡҷչ  ùڵ   
ԯ. Թԯ    í⡯  ùڵ
ڨ ԡ ʷڸ ҷ Ե  ڻڵ 
ʪҵ ԡ  " ٻ ҷ ùڵ   ح ص,
 ͹, ڵԷҹ  ". " Ҹ  Ҹ" ʹڹԵڵ ʾھһ
͹.     ڶ ͭ - ػԡһ   ڵԷҹ ҡ,  
   ǵ Ծھڵ.  حҹǹ ๡ٯҤ-
ҡҹ⻡ڢóҷԻڱԵ ªԵڶؾྸ ͵ڵ 
ªʵ ùڵ ҡʨ ˹ڵ ҹ ҵ.  کڵջ ͨک-
ʻ  ๹ ک. Ң  ػԡ ԻŻԨڨҤ
ʷڸڻڵ  ҹõ ԾھڵԵ عԵҪ ͤڤ
ڻһس. Ͷ ͹ط Ǩԡ ù  Ң ԡ ǵ-
 ػڻڹ -   Ҷ بک:-
     []   "ԡڡ൹ dz೹          ԯ 
              ʹڵ  ʾھ     ʸ  á.
     []      ڨҹ      ͧڤ ʾھ
              Ծھ ʷڷ Ԩکùڵ      ǹ .
@ԧö:  . Լš...   . í Եڶ   . ǵ Ծھڵ
     []     ڨҹ       ͧڤ ʾھ
             Ծھ ڸ ¹ڵ       بԤڸ .
     []   ǵڵҹ ¹          dz ̹ڸ
              µ Ԥ         ڨڤ ¶.
     []   ǯʡ ҵص           ൹ ڻڻԵ
              µ Ԥ         ڨڤ ¶.
     []   һ          بԤڸ 
             ҵ   ʾھ      ء ڪ ¶.
     []     بԤڸ          ٻ  ҹ
              بکԵҨԡڢ          Է Ź".
һ   ҡ:-
     []            "ǵڶ  ʢ 
                         
                       ڶڻʹڹ ҹ
                        ͤíڨ ­ڨ .
     []               طڸ
                       ŷڸ ҹ'ص
                       ڵ ªҹ
                        ک Էڸ .
     []  ٯҤ         ڵ Ҥ Ե
            ڷҹ ڵ        ڵ ʵª.
     []   ⻡ڢí          ͵ڶ ضԵ
             ͨ⩷ Իڻʹڹ      ʳڳءʹڶ.
     []   ҹһʭکڹ        سڱա
              ڻ¹ڵ         ح Ե.
     []   ھ        ǹҹ 
             ͹⵹ ҵ      ҹءڢ û.
     []   ҹҵʧڦد         ͨکҤԵ
             »  ػ       ʻ Ե  .
     []   ͵ҷ ;ص   ҹ ʾھ 
                Ծھڵ       حҹ ҵ".
    #[]   ڶ ǵڶ  ʢ ,   ùڵ
 ͹طڸ ǵڶ  Ҩչ   ʢ ԡ Ң
ػԡ ҤҤ ҵطڷ ԡڢ طڷ í⡯ԻԨڨह
ؾھ  ˹ڵ  . ڶڻʹڹ ҹԹڵ 
   ҷ   ڵԷ " 
ǵ Ԩڨ " ʹڹ õڵ   ʭڪҵҷ 
͹. ǵڶʹ  ͹  ʵ " ͤíڨ
­ڨ " . ʤ ͵  ҹʷ ڨ ͤ
˹ڵ ҷ ­ڨ  طڸڻآ  طڷ ҷ ˹ڵ ԨڨҤ
 ͹Թڵ ª.
    #[]    طڸҵ ¶صڵ ¸-
ԨڨҤǹ طڸ  ͹. ŷڸ ҹ'ص¹ڵ

ؾ շ ٵؾھ ;ص ڵڷǹ ͵ ٻ - 
  ҹ ŷڸ ͸Ԥ.  ҹ ٻ ʵ
Էҹ ҳ˵ڵڨ ˵ڵڨ ػǵڶ˵ڵڨ ʵ "ڵ
ªҹ"ҷ صڵ. ڶ Էڸ ҵ  حԷڸ.
    #[]  ⻡ڢí ⻡ڢó. ضԵҵ Ծھ
ػԵ.
    #[]  ҹһʭکڹҵ ʵڵʻڵҷ ҹ
õڵ õڵ  ʭکҷԵ. سڱաҵ ҹ ʵ
ڵ ǵ, ҹءڢ û  ڻ¹ڵյ ª.
    #[]  ʻյ  ػԹջ. Ե⵵ د.
    #[]  ʾھ ڵ ڵ ҹ.  յ Եڵ.
յ Իҵڵ. ਵҹ  ͻһػڻڵ  "" صڵ.
Źڵ صڵ. ҵǵ ҵ.
     Էҹ ͹طڸ - Ң Ծھڵҹ ໵ء 
Ҷ:-
     []         "  طڸ
                    ŷڸ ҹ'ص
                       ҹ 
                        ػڻڹ ".
@ԧö:  .. 
    #[]  ڶ    ҹ յ  ҹ ͹
 շ ڻڵ ,  ҹ     ͷյ Ң
ػԡ ʹڸ Ƿ.   ǵ  ڻڵ ໵ء
 - "    ػڻڹ ".  Թڵ 
ԾھڵǤ.
     Էҹ ù بکԵڶ ʹڵ :-
         []   "    ʢ 
                    
                  ԭҵ  ͷ ҹ
                  ػڻڹ ҹõ .
         []    һ  عԵ
                  ͨԹڵ Իҡ 
                   بک ` ػڻڹ '
                    ҡ ͹ ˹".
    #[]  ڶ ԭҵҵ ԭҵʹ, Էڸʨڨҵ
͵.
    #[]  عԵҵ عԵ Ҫ. ͨԹڵ Իҡ
ҵ ڵŻ  Է,   ʢ ҹõ Ծھڵ
Ի ح Իҡٵ Ծھڻڵ ͨԹڵ ͻڻҵ ͵.
͹ҵ Իյ ¶.    ڻڵ ͭյ?
ڷ  ڷ, Ңһ Ǹյ  ʹڵԡ ͤ.
@ԧö:  . ൹
     Էҹ Ǹյ  ͭڻ ҹҷ હڵ  Ҷ
 :-
     []      "൹ ' ҷ໶
                 ҹҹ Ҷ Եڵ
                ڨ سҶ ʹڹҹ
                ط ŷ .
     []       ڤ ڤҸԻ  -
                 ڨʹڹڵ
                 ҹҹ Ҷ Եڵ
                ˻ڼ µڶ ǹڵ ڢԳ.
     []       ؤڤ ͯ ʵ ʵڶ
                ڵ ͵ҹ ؤҹ ˹ڵ
                 ڢ ؤ ǡ
                 Թڹҹ ˻ڼҹ. -
     []  ڵ   Իڹ       ڵ   Ե
              ت          .
     []  ªҹҹ ҹ         ح໡ڢҹ ҳԹ
            õ ͻԡ ح          Թڹ ˻ڼ.
     []         Ի ˤڤ
                'ڻ ط Ҥ
@ԧö:  . ڤҸԻڵ   .. //, . //
                ʯ ǡ
              ڡ ط¹ڵ.
     []     طԹڹ ص ԯ
               طڷ ڵ ҹ
               ڢԳ  ԯԵ
              ˻ڼ šԷٹ - dzڳԵ.
     []    ͵ҷ حùڵ
               Ƿҵ Ԩùڵ 
                
              ͹ԹڷԵ ʤڤ໹ڵ ҹ".
    #[]   ڶ ൹ ' ൹  ͭ. ൹ҵ  ൹ ೹,
յ Իҵڵ. "ҷ໶" ǵ ҷҡ ʵ " ҹҹ
Ҷ"ҷ صڵ. ͯ ͡ڢ ǪڪԵ  ʹڸ "ط
ŷ ". ڶ ͯ ͡ڢ   ͻ ٻ
ʭʵڵ ڨڵ Թڷҹ ǡ µԨکҷԯԡ ͻҵ
طڸҵ.
    #[]   ڤڵ  ࢵڵ  ҹ,  ͡൹ ؤڻһ
ؤԤڤ ͻڤ  ڦڤҷ  ͵ ʯǹ ڤҸԻԹڵ
- . ҹڻ  ʷڸ  "š" بڨ. ¶:-
@ԧö:  . šԷ   . ڤҸԻڵ, ڤҸԻյ
               "ʷڸ  ŭڨ ҹ
                  ʻڻҹҵ
                ͵  ڤ  Ƿڵ
                ൹  ک š". -
     "ڤҸԻ"  ,  ह ǡ š
͸Ի ʵڶҵ ͵ .  ҹҹ ҶҵҷԹ ع
ڢ ҹ હڵ .
    #[]  Էҹ  ڢ  ٻ ʹڵ " ؤڤ
ͯ ʵ ʵڶ" Ҷ. ڶ µ ͹ Է. ؤڤҵ ʵڵ.
ͯҵ  Ԩ.   ڵ  Իڹ ڵ  
Եҵ ͯ ˹ڵ. ʵ ʵڶҵ ʻڻ طڸਡطڸ
ͭ   ʵڶ. ? ˪ҵҷԤس¤.  
ڻšҷչ  ˪ҵdzڳڸҷ ˪ҵҸҷ س,
൹  dzڳڸҷڻڹҹ  ػڼҹ ҹ ʵ 
һ   ˹ڵ. ൹ صڵ " ؤڤ ͯ ʵ ʵڶ".
  ʧࢻ ʵһڵڤ ů ͡ ؤ,   ˵ڵڤ
ů ͡ ؤڵ ڵ ؤҹ ˹ڵ. ൹ "ڵ ͵ҹ
ؤҹ ˹ڵ  ԡڢ". ൵ ؾ ͹ طڷԯҹ 
ʹ.   ʾྻ  ŭڨ ʷڷԵ ҵھ¸ʧڢҵ
ڢԳ ˹ڵյ ڢ سह ҹ ˻ڼҸ.
ؤ ǡҵ ھطڸ ǹ  ҵ ҵ
@ԧö:  ͧ.ͯ. // (.), .. //
  سڵյ ǡ.  Թڹҹ ˻ڼҹյ  ؤ 
ͻڻҹԻ ҹҹ Թڹҹ Ԥڤˡ ڢԳطڸ ˻ڼҹ ˹ڵ.
൹  "ǵ ԡڢ    , Ҥǡ 
ͤڤڢµ"ҷ. -
    #[]  ڵ  Իڹҵҷ ˯ صڵڶ.
     Ը   ͹ط ͵ڵ ǵ  صڵڶ š
Ҥڵ  .  ڶ ͯػڻڵ  ڻڵ
 ,  ʹ Ҫ ҵڶԡ յ.
                      ҹdzڳ  ԯԵ.
                       -------------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=30&A=4483 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=30&A=4483 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=26&i=44 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=26&A=1507 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=26&A=1494 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=26&A=1494 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_26

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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