͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ ҹ.. (ڶ.)

                      . . ǵҹdzڳ
     د  ػһ ǵҹ.   ػڻڵ? 
ҳ õ Ի Ԥ. ൹ ¹ ҳ ʷڸڻڹ
 ص ڷ  ػ  ʷڸڻ  ҹ
ػ. Ͷ ҵһԵ آ  ҵŸյ ǵ  
๵ء .   ʷڸ ͷҹ, ڷ  
Ԩک.  ҵ ǵ  "    - Ҥڵ ԡڢ
շҹ ൹ ¹ ػ໵ ʹҹ , Ҹ
, ԡڢٹ Ҥ ǹڷԵ ڵ ˵ շ໵ ࡹ -
ҹ ǵ صڵ ڵҹ ,   صڵ Ҹԡ
@ԧö:  .    .. ೹
".   ͡. Ͷ  "ҷڢ ҵ" صڵ ਵ
൹ "Ҹ" ڻԨک  ໵  .
    Ͷ  ڷ  "  ԡڢ ҵһԵ   ػ, 
  Ե , ͻڻڵ ".  "Ҹ" سԵ
ԭڨ  ʷڸ  ص ڵ ͹ǵ൹ڵ  ص Ԫ.
ڷ ҵһԵ .  ʾھ   . ڷ»
ҷҹ ص ԡڢ ҹ , ڸԡҷչڻ ˷
ҡǵڵ . Ի   ڱԵ  õ
ڨҷչ ͵ڶ໵ طڸڻآ ԡڢ ҷҹ 
Ҥ ˵ ڢ⳷ ൵ ,  ڢ⳷๹
ǵ   Եڶ  ڵ ҷª ªʵؾ
ʵڵõ ͨکҤʧڦد Ծھ ؤڤک.
     Ͷ ڤ Ǩԡ ù  ҷ  ͵ڵҹ
ǹڷԵ Ҥ ǻص بک " ". "  ҷ
  ҳ ڷ  دھ»ص  Ի-
  ,  Ծھ " . 
ԾھڵǨک»  ǹڷԵ "  ҳ ڷ 
ػʡ Ԩԡ Ե Ը Ծھڵ,   ෶ ` Ԩԡ
Ե Ծھڵ ǵ  ¹ ءڡԵ, šڻڵ 
ڵԡҪ ԹڷԵ dzڳҪ ˳  ͵һ' ǵ
ԸҤڶ  ෶" .  "Ҹ" سԵ 
š Ҥڵ ػ ǹڵ بک "Ծھڵ   
حҹ  Եҹ Ծھڻڵ".   ڤҹ ڷ
 Ծھڵ Ծھڻڵ  ԯ,   بکյ.  
Ծھڵյ. Ͷ ʵڶ "¶  ԻڻԵ Ҥ  Եڵڸ
Թڷڵ ڻԨکڵ,  ح ؤڤ  š  ʡҹ
حҹ ڻڵ˵ ڻԨکڵ Ԥڤ˹ڵ" ʹ:-
     []   "ûڻ         ʵڶҤ
              ҵԵڵ ˪ڪ    Թڷڵ Ҥ.
     []     حڻ       š  
              حҹ Ԥڤ˹ڵ     ҵ Ҥ"
Ҷ .
     ڷ  ص  ڵ ҹҹ ෵, حҹ õ,
 dzԪڪ ک ǵ  "  Ե  ҹ
͹Ҷҹ ҡǵڵڨ  ͻڻڵ ǵ".  "Ҹ" س.
 ʤ⵻ µڶ µڶ  ໵, ڶ ڶ ԡڢٹ ͹Ҷҹڨ
¶ ҹ ෵.  ͹ءڻ ճ ⵻ Ҥڵ ҹ
ڻԨکڵ. ǵ    Ի ҹ ǵ൵ ͹Ҷҹ ڵ
ػکԹڷ, ԡڢٹڻ ڵ Ҫ ŧڤص ͷ. ԡڢٹ صڵ
͵ڵ صڵҹ Եڶҹ کʢڱʡҹ šԡҹ  Ե -
ҹ ʵ "ʶ ҹ , ʷڸ  
౹ڵ".
@ԧö:  . ԡԵ
     Ͷ ڷ áԷڸ ¶ - Ҥڵ  ǵڵ ص ǵ
 Ե  . ص· طڸڻآ ԡڢ ҷҹ
ǵ൵ Ԩڨڵڨ ͹Ҷڵڨ  ǵ, ͵ڵ 
ػյ ǵ ʨکҷ .  ͻù ¹  
ǵ ͵ڵ  Ծھڵ. ǵ  ʾھ ҹ کԹڷԵ
" ʹ  ʡڡ " ԡڢ - ͡ʹڵ ʹڵ
Ԩõ. Ͷ   ¡ ҳ "ک  ҳԹ
ؤʶ ` ʵڵ  ǵ ǹڵ  ڢԻµ".  ص
Ҫ Ǥ յ .
     Ͷ ǵ  ҷ Ե  ࡵ շ. ʵڵ 
 һʭ⨷൹ ೹ í ҳڵ Եء -
Իԯٻԡ Գ Եڢ ʪŸҹdzڳ ͵ ҹٻ
 ¡ڢ ػڵ "د  ػһ"ҷչ Ƿڵ ҹҾ
˵ "Ҫ ʵ" ʡŹ ն ն Ծ໵ ҡ
;ؤڤڵ ǵǹ ๵ ڷ ҹ ڻڵԭڨ ʵ
 Żڵ ʷջ .   ʷ Ի.
൹:-
     []         "د  ػһ
                    ͻص ͷҹ
                      µڶ عڵ ؤڤ
                    ڻԵ - ԡ ءࢹ".
@ԧö:  . Ͷ ڷ Էڸ ûŷڸ   . ԡڢ
@ . Եء   . ڪ
     ڶ دյ د,      áڢԵ ʡ⡵,
 զ دԵ Ҥکյ  ͵. ൵   Ż.
ػһҷԹ دҹ ó Ƿ.   ҹ ͡ʹ-
ʹҷԹ د һ,   ͻص   
ʹڶ,  دյ. ͷҹŵ ʨ ԭڨ  ҹ 
کԹ, Էڻ دҹ óǨ.  ҹҹ کչ 
ԡʷҹ ؤ , ҷҹ  ͷҹҹ کչ  ,
 د, صڵڵڻ  Ը ҵ  յ ͸Իڻ. µڶ
عڵ ؤڤҵ ءڢڵ - ؤڤ. ԡҵ ·ءࢹ ڻԵ
ڤٵ   عڵ,  һ  ¹ڵ ˵,  ԡڢԵ
ڵ Եڶعڵ, ڶ    Իҵ ª.
     []         "Ԩ ǵҹ  ٵ
                      ¡ڢ Եڢ ˹ڵ
                    ਡ ˵ ǵ
                    ڡ Ǥ ʹڵ"
Է ʧڤյԡǨ.
     ڶ Ԩ ǵҹҵ Ե  "د"ҷԹ ǵ, Ǩ-
ڵҵ ͵.  ٵҵ ͻڻʸµ  í
ٵʷ. ೹   Ե.     ǵǹ . ࡨ
"  ٵ"  "" ෹ ھڸԵ "dz
ٵ" ͵ڶ Ƿڵ,    تڪ.    ٵ - dz ٵҵ -
@ԧö:  . ءڢ  ڵ, . ؤڤԤڵ   .   ٵ, .  
 . ٵ
Ԫڬ. ªڵ ڶ  ػùڵյ ¡ڢ. Եڢҵ õڵ¹. ¡ڢҹ
 ๵ڵҹ ͵Եҹ ˹ڵ. ˹ڵҵ ˹ڵ. ਡٵ
 ͡, Ե Եþ¹ڵ ਡ . ǵڵ ǵ.
ǵҵԻ  .   "" صڵ. ڡعڵ
ڡ, ػعڵ ͵. Ǥҵ ǵ .
       ¡ ǵǹ ๵ ڷҹ Է Ե
ǵ  ڱʷ ͵  :-
     []        "ҷԨڨdzڳ ب 
                     ڨũڹ
                   ʵ'ҡԳڳ ҹ
                     ⪵ҹ.
     []         դ ڷԵڵ
                    ҹ ػ¹ڵ
                    ʵ ҹdzڳ
                     ʤڤ "
 ¡ بک. ൻ :-
     []        "ҳ ڷ 
                   ػ ک ҹ Ƿ
                   ʵҡԳڳ ҹ
                     ⪵ҹ.
     []         դ ڷԵڵ
                    ҹ ػ¹ڵ
                    ʵ ҹdzڳ
                     ʤڤڻ "
Ҩԡڢ.
    #[]  ڶ ڷԵڵҵ ൹ ڷู ͹Եڵ.
 ҹڵ ҹ  ͹    ʧڤյҷ ໨ڨ ¹ڵ.
     Ͷ ǵ:-
     []        "ڷ 
                   ͤԹ ʾھ 
                   ڵ   ҹ'
                    ڶ  ʹ"
.
     ڶ ͤԹյ Թ. " ʤԹ"Ի ڵ,  ˤԹյ
͵. ʾھ  ڵٵ  ڵ ڷ ʾھدھԡ
 Թ ,  ԷҹԻ   յ . 
 ҹ'˹ڵ      ڶ .  ڶ
 ʹҵ      ๵ء,   ʹ»
 ڶ,  Եعڵ Ƿ.
      Ƿڵ "     ,   ڶ"
ջ ๵:-
     []   " -   ػһ
              ح  ͡ 
                ک  һ
              ʤڤٻҹ  ˾µ"
Ҷ.
     ʵ:-   ,   զõڵ  ҷءڢ ͹Եھҹ.
? ح  ͡ ,   ͻڻڵڻ
 ح   ,  ͡ح  ҷ ʵ ک ͵ڵ
ڻڵԹԤ˹šڢ೹ ù ڹҤ,  ػڻҷ๹ ,
ҷ һ ڤ һ ʤڤٻҹ ҹ ˾µ
  յ ª.
       ǵ   ¡ڢ  ͹ڵø. ʷ 
 »   ٶ ڢԻԵ ҡڲ Ե:-
     []   "  ٶڨ صڵڨ    ب Էʵ
              ؤڤڸ Է       ػµ"
  بک.
     []   "        ʵ
              µڶ ҹ      ڨ "
  ڶ ͵ڵ Ծھڵ˵ٵ  بکڵ:-
@ԧö:  .. 
     []  "  ¹ Ҩ      ءڡ 
            ࡹ  ŷ        ʵ"
.
     []  "  һ    ͭ һ - dzԾھ
            ෹ ǭ        һ  "
   ඵ ع :-
     []  "൹  ŷ       ʵ
            ڶ ҹ         ڨ "
.
     ڶ  ҵ Ԩڨ ٶصڵҷب ǹ ڦó -
 .
        Ը ǡ , Ͷ  ڶ - ๡ҹ ҹ
ڨԵ صڵԳڳ ˵ڶ੷ҷյ ʵ:-
            []  "˵ර Թڷڵ ⶻ 
                   ೻ Թڷڵ ⶻ 
                   ⶻ ̤ ڨ
                   ʧڤ ҷڵ Լڷҹ"
ڶ ŷڸھó .
@ԧö:  . һ.   . ó   .. ͵ڶ
     ڶ ̤ҵ ҡ.   Ԥصڻ 
๡ʵҹ ๡ҹ Ե šڢڸ عԵ 
آس ԪڬԵ ԪڬԵ ҷڵ,  ԵԵ Ź
. ൹ "̤ ڨ, ʧڤ ҷڵ Լڷҹ".
     ع  š ڨҹ¹ Ҩҷʹ   ԻڻŻ. ൹
صڵ:-
     []  "Ҹ   ๶       
            ๹        ʭ  
              آԵ ˹ڵ      کҹصڻ".
     ع »:-
     []  "  ڪԵ     Էҹ 
             ҹ ҹ       Իҡ ͹"
. ع  :-
            []  " š š
                   ڵҹ د   
                   ԡڢԵڵ Ҷ ҹ
                   ͨکҷ ڹҹ -
                     ک  һ
                   ʤڤٻҹ  ˾µ.
@ԧö:  . ¹ڹҹ
     []   ٹ  ڵ      ¹ ŷڸҹ ҹ
            Ƿ ڻڹ           
            ๹          ʭ  .
     []  ҹ  û       ؤ ʧڡҹ 
            ڨ طҹڨ          Իڻʹ๹ ਵ.
     []  ҵطڷ ڨ            ڢ ͯ
            ү»ڢڨ          ͯڤҤ.
     []  ʶ ػ          ʷ  ص
               ڪ        ԯԷ ".
     []  "Ԩ ԻڻŻڵ        ڷҹ  
            Ի           طڸҷ ù"
Է ʧڤյԡǨ.
     ع :-
              []  "  کԹ 
                     ԡ ҹ
                     Եඹ  ԡ ǭڨԵ
                     ڨ  "
ҹҶ. ڶ "  کԹ"  - Ҷ  Ծھڵ
صڵ, Ե ͹Ծھڵ ҵ ǷԵھ.  ԭҵ.
@ԧö:  ..    ʵ
     ԡڢ ǵ ¡ ˵ յ  .  ص
 ҷ   ǵڶ ඵ ػ Եڶù  ,
ʹһ  ʵһڵԼҷչ һس. - ਵ ǵջԾڸ
  "ǵҹ" µ,   ǵ ҹǵ
 ˵, ڷ  ǻصڵ ҹҷڻڵԻصڵਵ. 
 ʧڤ ûԵڵ ھ.
                      ǵҹdzڳ ԯԵ.
                       -------------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=30&A=5339 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=30&A=5339 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=26&i=52 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=26&A=1817 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=26&A=1814 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=26&A=1814 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_26

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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