͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ .. (ڶ.)

                    . . ԵäҶdzڳ
        Ԫڬ ʧڡڻҵ  Ե Ҷ.  ػڻڵ?
      ڻ صڵ   ˯ صڵ¹  ڵ
ʻ¹   س ʵڶ ͡ ԡڢ չ ͤڤ ໹ڵ
 "һ ͹Ҥ ໹ Ե ǯگ" ʾ ൵ ʵڵ
ʵڶ ԡڢ  ҷҹ  "  Թ ͸ԡá
ͭ ڻڵ  , ͹Ҥ  ͡ طڸ  ڻ
 ͵ Եԡڢ  չ ͤ ¹" ڶ ͡.
ʵڶ ͹ڵ  "  ڶ ͹Ҥ ⤵طڸ ʹڵ
Ԫڬʵ" ҡԵ ڡ. ʻ Żص Ǫ   -
 ù ԻԾطڸ ڸչ í ʷڸ ҡکԵ
ʾ ҹ ෹ڵ.  ͡ ʾ ͡ ص ҹ ෹ڵ
"   ҡ ҹ - ڶ" - حڨ ̷ԭڨ -  ͷڷ. 
" ⵨ "  ûʹ -  . 
 Żص ͵ڵ  ̷á - ˵ "ԭڨ "
 ک "آ Ե ⸵˵ڶ " ءҹ
ࡹ ڤڵ ڢԡ ڱ  Է
ػڻڹ" ˵  . Ҥ Ե   "
  " بک.  ʨ , ԡڡճԵ   Է
@ԧö:  . ҹ           .. / Եǵڶ (⻯)
@ . حڨ ̭ڨ ԭڨ   .  ʹ    .   á
ڵ. ൹  -  һ ˵ ͵ حڨ ̷ԭڨ յ.
 Թ "Է  , ­ڨ ͡ڻ  ෵, Ե ǯگ".
  " ࡹ һ೹ " . ·   ˵
յ. Ի  յ. ൹ػ¹ DZವ  һس.
       Թ "͵DZڲԵ  ǯگ, ˵  Թ ڵھԨڨ
بک". Ͷ   "Է    ͤڦ, ǭڨ  ,
ࡹ  Է ". Ը   í ʷڸ ԪڬԵ -
Իշʾ ҹ ෹ڵ Է  ҹ ͻʹڵ ʹڵ, 
Է   ʹڵ, Ҥҹ Ҫ ʵ,    -
յ.  ๵ Ҥҹ ǯگ, ͭ ҵ  ǯگյ. 
ʨ ҵ Եڵ. - ͵ڶ  ⡨ Ҥҹ  ͡ 
ҵҵ. ڶ ҵ.   Թڹ ʤڦ ҹյ. 
ҹյ. ൹ ک, Ҥҹ Ҩԡڢ "  ҹ  Ź
 ෵, ˵ ҵء,   Թڹ ó ԾھԵڡ
˶",     ҹ ય ʡڢ յ. 
Ծھµڶ Եࡹ ڨء ˵ سڳ   ڪ ˵
ڶ ػ ̵ ڨءس೹ વ ͡ ԹԻ
ڢԻԵ  ԷԵ ҷ ʾ Էï շ Ҫ๹
ҹ ʡڡ Է ͵ڵ ڵ š,  ͡ 
ʵڶ ʹڵԡ ڵ   ػڻڹؤڤڳҡ,   ͹ءڻ
Ԩڨ Ԥڤ˶ҵ. ʵڶ  ͹ءڻ Ԩڨ Ҫڵ¹ »൹
 Ԥڤ˵ ¶ ͯʯ ԡڢʵ ҹ  µ, 
@ԧö:  . ൹      .. تڬԵ   .      . Եڵ
͸ԯ.  Żص ԯԵڵԨڨ ǹڵ ෵ ͡ڵ    ͪڪ ڸչ ҡ ʡڡ ,
ڻ   ʹ෹ ԾھڵԾھڵ ڤʤڤڻ
¹". - ʵڶ " ˵ Żص" ǵ   չڨ
ڵҹ  ڡ.
      ʻ Żص Ǫ    ù 
طڸػڻ ػڻ Ҫյ بک ʹڸ . ʹڸԤ˳
  ҵڨ - ڳҡʵҹ ʡ௹ҷ ػڻ - ػ¹ڵ. Ͷ 
حʹڶ - ˵ඹ ժک ໹ڵ. ࡡժ ҡʵڻ ҡ-
ڻ Ԥڤک. ࡡࢵ ڳڻ ʯԻ ʡڻҳҹ
ػڻڪڵ. ⡯ óŻ ⡯ ˵ඹ ໹ڵ. Ҫյ
ح ˹ڵҹ ԵԵҹ ع õ. - ԻسڳڵҪ⵻
"Ҫյ ح" ǵ  ʨ ෹ڵ    ءڡڲڵ, -
  ڵ µ,  بکԤ ʵڵҹ ͵ԡڡ.
        Ի ʵڵ ҷءڢ ͹.  ԡ ൵
" ó ҹ ҹ " ʵڶ ʹڵԡ  "ک - 
ǵڵ ʵڶ ਵ ʵڶ , ­ڨ ʵڶ ෵,  Ҹء
ػšࢵ Ҥڵ  ".  ڵ  ʹ  .
ʵڶ "آԹ ˵ ػڻ ¸յ ä, ä صڵ Ԫµ" -
. Ҫ  ص ǹڵ ෵ ͵ڵ  .
@ԧö:  .. / Եǵڶ (⻯)    .  ҵ ڨ ڨ,
@ .   ڨ....                   .    ʵ
@ . Ͷ  ح ʹڶ   . ԵԵҹ   µ, ع 
@ . ෹ڵҹ   ʡ⡹ڵ,  . ෹ڵ   د˹ڵ
@ . ک               .طҹ. // ػڻصڵ
  Ҥ ػڻ بک ó ط   ԡڢ,
õ Թڹ  Ե ÷, د˯ - Ҫ í
ʹ ਵ ͤ.
      Ҫ  Ҥ  "ʾŹ Ե Իڼڹ ʵ
" Թ.  Ҥڵ ʵڶ ʹ Ҫյ . Ҫյ 
ڵԵ Եڵ ڤڵ ʵ, ک ʵڵ ʾ յ.
Ҫ  ͡. ʵڵ طڸڻآ  ҷҹ ǵڵ. 
ʾ ҵչ ʹڵڵ Եڵ Ծھ໹ ⵵ Է 
͡.  ʵڵҹ  Եڵ ҵ  ʾھڢ
. ʹһ Իص ʵڵ  ൹ ʷڸ һ ͡.
ʵڶһ  Ҷ :-
          " Ի ؤڤ           ڨ
           Գ çڤ        ͡
           ͹ػҷ Ծھ           ". -
      Ͷ    "   ٻ ءڢ ͹Ե ھԵ
 ǯگ".  ھ ൵. ػڻ  á ù ʷڸ
ඹڵ  "    ص ʹһԹ ʷڸ ඵ" 
ػʧڡԵ بک " ص  ʷڸ  ඵ ".
͵ڵ ͹ٵ ʷءڢ ඵ " ͹ح ھ"
Ƿյ. Ҹ  ھશ ڵ,     ๵ ڨҹ
 ھહ "   ͭ ෹  ͵ڶ, 
@ԧö:  .. د˯              .. // Եǵڶ
ʵڵ ҹ ͹ٵءڢ ڨǡڢ".  ھҪ ҡ ,
   ҵ ʡڡ,  ҹյ.   ǯگ
óڢ ʵһڵԼ ԯ, ص óڢ ʡҤԼ,
 ͹ҤԼ ʾ  ҹ ûڨ ˵ڵʨکԡ
 ͻک ͻ .   -  ԡڢ ڵ ڨ
ǵԨک ػڻڪڵ.  ͵ڶ ǵڶ دԵ.
      ͻ ʵڶ ǵڶ ͤ.  ʵڶ ෵ "
 ح , ڨ  ԡڢʵҹ ෶" .  յ.
 ڨ ԡڢ ˵ ǹڵآ ک ͯڤ ک, 
 ԯ - ͸ǵڶ ǵ ʵڵҹ ҹ ͷ. Ե :-
           ø           ص ڱǻھ
            ͨǵ            صڶ Ҥ.
           ڨ ǹڵ           ڷڵػҤ
           ʵڵ ڸҷ          ͯ Ͷ ǵڵ.
ʾھ ʵڵ ʵڵ  ҹ ͷ. ڸҷھ  Ҥڵ-
Ҫ  ʵڵ  ͡ ûԳڱҵ ͷ, ͡ ʻڻ-
Գڱҵ. ԡڢ  " í  ู ҹ
¹ڵ,  Թ,   Ҫ Է ػڻڪ". " ʻ-
ʾ  ҡڵҹʵ Ź" Ҫ . ͻ
ʵڶ ǹǵ ڨؤڤ ͵ڶػڻڵ   ͵ڵ 
ڤʤڤڻڵҹ ͤڤ .
@ԧö:  .. ھԵ        . 
       ڤʤڤڻڵ    ˵ڵڻڵ ͡
Ҩ  Ƿڵ "˯ صڵ¹ ʹһԹ  Թ `
 ҵ ʡڡ,  ҹ' ھԵ Իʹҡҹ ˵
  ͭ Եڵ دԡ   Ե ҵءبک ʵڵ
ҹ ͵ڵ ͹ٵ ءڢ ͹Ե ù ͵յҹҤ 
ǡڢڵ ҷԵڵ    ػ. ҳ Իҡ ڵ
Իʹն ͵,  ڤԻү ʾྻ  ໹ ˵ڵ
һس". ¶һ  ˵ڵڻڵ Ե.   Թڹ-
 ԭ . ൹ صڵ ͻ - :-
          "           Ҫ -  
           ػ ھطڸ          ¤ڤ.
           Ծھ šҶ         ͵ڶչصڵ
            ʾھҷ           ͤ ⾸صڵ.
           ҷ൹  ਹ         
           آ  ھطڸ         ػ ⾸صڵ.
           ػԵ  ⾸         ó˻ҷ
           ŧڡ تԵҹ         ڶ ŧڡ .
           ʡ÷           ʹ ⾸صڵ
           ൹ Եڵڻ෹         ҹ ػڪ.
           ʯԵҹ           ùڵ  ʷ
                      ǵڵҹ .
           Ըڤ Ծھص          ʾ ˵
            ͹ڵ          ھطڸ.
@ԧö:  .ͻ. // ͡ʹµһҹ        . ͡Ҫ
           ؾ           صڵ ڵ
           ʵڵõڻڹ           ڨڻ .
            һԵ      طڸ ʹ".
      ˵ڵ   صڵآǷ๹ յह ط๹:-
       - "  Ԫڬ ʧڡڻ      ·  د
           Ԫڪصڵ         ҹҹتڪ˹"
Ҷ . -
      [] ڶ   Ԫڬ ʧڡڻ, ·  د, Ԫڪصڵ
ʹڵ  ؾ  ʧڡڻҷչ ب੷ ๡ڢʧڡڻҷ
ԻڶԵ "   µ - ػڻڪ , · ͵
ػڻڪ ùڵ", صڵҸԻڻʭԵ صڵ طڷ ʧڡڻ
ö Գ ͻڻڵ · ª  Իڼҷڶ د حҤ
ԻԵ   Ԫڪ صڵ  ʹ ʹ,  
Ԫڬ  ʾ Էҹ  Ԫڬ Ԫڬ, Իڼڹʧڡ
Իسڳ ⵵ ͵.  Էڸ ʵ "ҹҹتڪ˹"
صڵ.  ҹҹتڪ  بکԹڷ,    ʧڡڻ
Ԫڬٵ ª. ҹҹ   ͻڻ  ͹ ڶ, ˵ڵڨ
͸Ԥ ˵յ ҹҹ»ڻҹ ¶صڵʧڡڻԷڸ ó  صڵ.
                     ԵäҶdzڳ ԯԵ.
                    ڶջ äҶdzڳ
                       Ǥڤdzڳ ԯԵ.
@ԧö: - .. "  Ԫڬ ʧڡڻ" Ҷ       . ˹ڵµ



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=32&A=4688 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=32&A=4688 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=26&i=197 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=26&A=5318 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=26&A=5561 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=26&A=5561 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_26

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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