͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (ڶ.)

                  . . ͧڤŵäҶdzڳ
      ک   յҷԡ -  ͧڤŵ Ҷ.
 ػڻڵ?
      ڻ ط Ҹԡ ڶ ڶ  ǯگٻ 
ػԹԵ  طڸػڻ ǵڶ í Ե ڤ 
 ص ص Ծھڵ,  ҵ ʡŹ ظҹ
ڪ, í  ڤظ ¹ Ե ڪ,   Ҫ 
Ԥ Էڷ  .    ڢڵ¤ ࡹ
"ùڢ൹ " ʹڹԯҹ.  ҵ õڵ í ʹڵԡ
 آ بک. Ҫ " Ҩ آ, õڵ  ڤظ
@ԧö:  .. ک յҷԡ
ڪ,     Ի ʵ".   Ҫ, 
  ,  ҹǹ ʡŹû ظҹ ڪٵ. 
ʵ Ҩҵ.   ʵյ.  ͡ , ط
ય⡵. ͡ .   ҵ. "͡ , Ԫڤ 
" .   ùڵ   í Եڵ ʹ
,  ⡵  ک ԯ ͷԯڵ  ⡵ .
       »ڻ ؾھŹ ʵڵڹ ˵ڶչ  õ, Է
ؾھ:- طڸح   ص Ծھ ͡ ਡطڸ
ʷࡹ Թڵ Ũ յԵ ͵ڵ ࢵڵ ػ 
"حࢵڵ  ػԵ" ʪ ͤڤ  ͷ.   
Ź ԾھڵԾھڵ Ǿڻ  ص  کڵ
ʵڵڹ ˵ڶչ  õ.  ڡ ڵ һڢ Ҩ
ʹڵ  ص Իڻ ؤڤ˹ Ҩ¾  ­ڨ
ʡڡڨ Ԫڤ. ൹    ž๹ ڵҷԹ ʧڤ õ.
 ҹ ͭ ҳ Ҩ¹ ʷڸ  ͡.  
Ǩ    ʷڷ˹ ص ک ʷڷԵ "Ҿ ҳ,
 ʡڡ ࡹ ໵, ػ¹  " Թ൵ ԯԵԻڻ
͵ڵ  ڵ һبکڵ ҳ  "ҵ ʡ ԯԵԻ໹ 
͹Թ Ҩ طڢԳ ҵھ,   ". Ҹ Ҩ
 յ. ҹ ʷڢԳ˵ڶڤ յ.  
 ͸Իڻ:-   ͡ڵ   ҵ. 
ص  ͵ڵ ûԨԵ ԡڡس áڢ ʹڹڸڨ -
í Ԫ Թ ǹ Ե ڤ ھڵ ʹ ھԢ
- ک  ࡵ ह ڵ ͧڤ ˵
ءڢ .  Ԫڬһ ҡһ ҷ,  ԡڢԵڵ ٵ
ͤ.   ͻԻҹ ŷڸ ŷڸ ͧڤ ص൹ ڶԵ
  ­Ե   ,   ͧڤ
 .
         ù  ̭ .   
 ٻ ڵ Ե ҤҤ  õ ͧڤ
˵ ک.     ͻڡ,  ح ,
 Ԥ  .  ൹   ؾھ . ͧڤ
 ͡ ٹ ͧڤ ʧڤ . Ͷ   ػڷ
í . Ҫ     "զ ͧڤ
, š Ҥک".  ص ͧڤ ҵ ڵҹ 
  Ե  "ص    ص ԷڨԷڨ õ,
 `շ  ' ʭ໵ , ͭ  Ҫ ".
 "  ҷ ص ͵, Ҫ     õ"
. Ͷ  صڵ˹ -  ˵ " صڵ ʭ໵
" ڤ Իڪ.  " `ͧڤ ' ک,
  ʵ, ͧڤ `ͧڤ ' ҵڻ ʵ,
  ک, ʨ  , Ҫҹ "   کڵ
Գڱҵԡڡ  ڵ ˵ ͧڤ طڷ ªԡ
ڤ  Իڪ ͹ڵ ⤻šҷ ⹻ Թ
ǹ ػک.     ҵ ൹ ԯ,  ҵ  
"ҵڻ õ ͪڪ ٹڤ "  ءڢԻԵ ػ,
@ԧö:  .     . صڵ ǹ
 Թڹ ͹ڵ  ͵ڵҹ , ͧڤ ǹڵ  "
 ҵ ǸԵ ͧڤ ൹, ǵ  ҵ, ¹ڹٹ   Ե
໵ ͧڤ ¹" ءڢԵڵ ǹڵ ԯ ԯ
͹ؾڸ. Ͷ  ٻ Էڸʧڢ ʧڢ, - ¶ һඹ
کڵڻ ͵ڵҹ ͧڤ ʾھ ǹ⵻  ʡ⡵ ڻһسԵ. 
չ ئػ  ʷ حڨ  - طڸԵڻ
ʡ⡹ ҳ   ǹڵ "ԯ ԯ " .  ک
"  ͧڤ, ǭڨ  ԯ" .  "   ʡ»صڵ
ʨڨҷ,   ک `  ͧڤ, ǭڨ ԯ'
, ˭ڨ ,     ͸Իڻ, بکԵ  ҹ"
ǹڵ Ҷ ͪڬ:-
                [] "ک   
                      ڨ  Ե⵵
                      بک   ͵ڶ
                         ".
      ڶ ҵ ǹڵ Ż. ڵ . ڵ ࡹҡù. ˵ڶ
͵:-   ک  "" . ڨ Ե
"ͯ"  , ๵ڶ Եھ,     ͵ڶ
بک.  ࡹҡù   , ˭ڨ ͯյ.  ص
:-
                [] "  ͧڤ ʾھ
                      ʾ  Ը ڱ
@ԧö:  . ʧڢ          . ҷ
                      ǭڨ  ʭ
                        "
Ҷ  ͪڬ.
      ڶ   ͧڤ ʾھ, ʾ  Ը ڱڵ
ͧڤ  ʾھ ʾھ ҷڬ ʶ ʾ
ʵ ڱ Ը Ե Եʵ Ūڪ һ,  ͭ
ǵڵ  .    ʭյ   ʵ
ʭ , ط Եҳ ˵ ԯ ͷһ, 
ʭ õʹ ͯ,      Ծ⵻ 
Էҹ һඹ ⵻ ͯ ,   صڵڻù ⵵. 
ͧڤ ¶بڨسڻԵ ŵ   ʡ š Ծ໵
Ե  Եڵʷڷ صؾھڵ ˵ڻڵ ҳ  Իҡڵ
"  " ʭڪҵյ "  ˹, ˹ڵ
ڪԵ, Է ͭ ʵ,   ⤵ ͵ ڪԵ, ԯ
ǵ Թ ھطู,  ʧڤˡóڶ  ԸҤ"
Թ൵:-
                [] " ǵ   
                      ǹ  ڨҷ
                        ʻһ
                      صҹ Ҷ  صڵ"
 Ҷ .
      ڶ  ǵҵ Ꮰǵ.   ͹ؤڤ˵ڶ. ⵵
ࡹ ࡹ ˵ ٪ ٪. ˹ šڢڸҷԤ  յ
. ǹ  ڨҷյ  í Եʾھ  Իڪ.
  ʻһ, صҹ Ҷ  صڵڵ  صڵ
ٻԵ  Ҷ س.   صҹ "ڻ Ꮰʧڤ
ԨԵ һ ʹ" Թ൵ Էҹ  ͭڶ Ԩڨյ
͵.   ǵ ¶ Իڪ, ¶  ǵ ͹ؤڤ, 
ʵ:-
                [] "Ԩ  ظڨ
                      ʾ   ͹ǡ
                      ǹڷ  ؤ 
                       ھڪҨ طڸ.
                [] ط   س 
                       ʵڶ š ǡ
                       ԡڢٵ  Ǩ
                         ԡڢ"
ʧڤյԡ   Ҷ .
      ڶ Ԩҵ Ե   ǵ ͹ڵ. õ ͧڤ.
Թڵ ڤ. ظڵ ظ. ʾ ڵ Թڹ. ൵ ͡
Թڹ. ࡵ  Ե. Ը  Ի  µڶ ڵ - ͭ
˵  ʡڡ, ҷ ھڵ Ƿ. ͹ǡյ ͹ ͡, ڨԸڻ
͵ڵ ظ ͹آԻ - , ҹ ౵    ԻԵ
"ھશ   " . ൹ صڵ "ǹڷ  ؤ ,
 ھڪҨ طڸ".  ൹ ھڪ ҨԵ ʵڶ 
@ԧö:  .. Ե    . ͹ ͹ Ի
 ࡹ ԡڢ ˵ڻڵ  ڢԳ˵ڶ
õ " ԡڢ, ҡڢ ,    ءڢ
͹ڵ" .    ھڪ ػڻ  . ൹ "
ԡڢٵ  Ǩ,    ԡڢ".
        ʵڶ ʹڵ ԡڢǹ ھڪ ػڻڨ Ե
Իʹ  ù ˵ڵ  صڵآ ෹ յ-
 طҹʹ:-
         [] "  ؾ ڪԵ     ک  ڻڪ
                š ʵ         ; ص ڷ.
         []  һ           Ź Ըµ
                š ʵ         ; ص ڷ.
         []    ԡڢ        حڪ طڸ
                š ʵ         ; ص ڷ"
Ҷҵڵ - .
      ʵ:-  ؤڤ ˯  ھ  ҳԵڵʤڤ
ؾ һԵڵʤह  ͵ڵ  ʧڢҹǹ ڪԵ -
Իڵ ҷ һڪԵ ک ҳԵڵʤह ¹ تڪ
ڻڪ,  Իڪ, Իʹ ͹حڪ  Ԫڪ  ԭ
һسҵ,  ;ҷ ص   ͡š ͵ڵ ͸Ԥ
Ԫڪԭ  ڸҷš - ʵյ.
       ؤڤ  ػԵ һ ڢ¡ù šصڵáŹ
@ԧö:  .. Ҷڵ    .  ڸҷš 
Իҡ Եڵ Իҡػڻҷ ûԸ๹ Ըµ µ.
 صڵ.
      õ , ൹ ¤ڢõ ʵ.   ػڻڹ
ҵҵ Ե ¤  ҵ ʡ⡵. حڪ طڸ ԡڢڵ
صڵڻص ˵, ʡڡڨ ڻ෵յ ͵.
       յʪ صڵࢹ ù - ·  Գڱ ʵ,
 ͭ Ե űڱ   Իڵ, ͭ Ե 
  Իڵ.  Թ๹ ൹  Ե ʵڶ ʹڵԡ
ک. ʵڶ  Ƿ - "͸  , ͸  ,
     Իࡹ ٹ ҹ  ,
    Իҡ ԯ  ". Ͷ 
⹸ ʾھʵ ڵԵڵ ػ໵:-
                [] "һ   سڵ
                      һ  حڪڵ طڸ
                      һ    ڵ
                       ҷ¹ڵ ʹ.
         []    ڵҷҹ        øڻԹ
               سڵ  Ź           ڨ ͹Ը¹ڵ.
         []   ҵ           ͭ   ڨ 
               ڻ  ʹڵ            á ʶ.
                [] ط  ¹ڵ ๵ڵԡ
                      ء ¹ڵ -@ԧö:  . صڵآù     .. Ƿ      . ¹ڵ. ػԻ
                       ¹ڵ ک
                      ͵ڵҹ ¹ڵ ڱԵ.
         []  ¹ڵ           ͧڡ  
               ͷ౹ ʵඹ              ҷԹ.
         [] ⡵              ʡ  
               ͪڪ ʨڨ             ڨ .
         []              ͧڤŵ 
                হ           طڸ óҤ.
         [] Եҳ            ͧڤŵ 
               ó                ๵ڵ ˵.
         [] ҷ  ҹ            ؤڤԤԹ
               د Իࡹ           ͹ حڪ .
         [] ҷحڪڵ                
               ͻڻҷڨ             ʯ áڢ.
         []  ҷحશ            õʹڶ
               ͻڻ  ¹         ⻵  آ.
         [] Ҥ һ              ๵ ڵԵ 
                             ʯ ػҤ.
         [] Ҥ һ              ൹ ڵԵ 
                Ԫڪ ͹ػڻڵ         طڸ ʹ.
         [] í ءڢ           ھ  
               ڶ  ͯ          ؾھԤڤ .
         [] آ              آ  Ե
               ˵ڶ             ʵڶҹءڻ.
         []            طԨ  
               ʪڪ ص ؤ          Ҫ ʵڶ.
         [] յ ͹ҷ           صڵ 
               ͦ ǸԵҹ                ǡڢ.
         [] ԨԳ  ʵڶ           طڸ ʹ
                           ๵ڵ ˵"
 Ҷ .
      ڶ һյ  һ Եڵ ڨڶԡһ    ػǷڵ
"¶  ͧڤ ʹ ҵ¤ءڢõ ءڢ һس, 
ͧڤŻ ءڢ һسҵ".   سڵٵ  ʵڶ ʹڵ
ص ʨڨصڵ  سڵ. حڪڵٵ ص  ڶ
Իڪڵ.   ڵٵ ҷ ʻڻ ҳԵ ڵ ǹڵ.
 ҷ¹ڵ ʹ⵵  ʻڻ Ÿ صڵʸ
ԾھڵԵšصڵø  ҷ໹ڵ ҷ໹ڵ - ໹ڵ.
      ڵҷҹڵ ͸ʹڵ Ƿڵҹ,   øڻԹڵ
ࡹ øٵ ڵ  ʹҹ. سڵ  Źҵ صڵ-
صڵ  ʹڵ  سڵ. ڨ ͹Ը¹ڵٵ ڨ ¶ص
  ؤڤԵ ͹ءùڵ, ҹظ Իڪڵٵ ͵.
        ҵ   ʵ    ڨڶ ҵ ͡
    . ͭ   ڨ ڵ   ,
ͭ һ ڨ ʵڵ  , ڻ  ʹڵԹڵ  صڵ
ʹڵ Ծھҹ һ, һسԵ  á ʶõ ʾ  ʵ
 áڢ á,  صڵ -  Իҵ ͵.
@ԧö:  . ҷ໹ڵ ҷ໹ڵ          .  صڵ
         Ҷ  һ ਹ Եڵ 
 ͵ڵ Իڵ ʹ "ط " Ҷ. ڶ 
ůҹ Ե Թڹҹ õ ҵԡ   ءڢⷳ  ໵
͵ڵ ԨکԵԨکԵҹ ط ๹ڵյ ๵ڵԡ, ط. ൪ڵ
ڱ. Է صڵ ˵:- ๵ڵԡ ͵ڵ ب ط ¹ڵ, ءһ
໵ ǧڡ ùڵ ൪  ¹ڵ تء ùڵ, کһ
ҷչ ͵ڶ کڵ  ¹ڵ ͵ڵ ب ت  ǧڡ 
ùڵ.  ͵ڵ   ڱԵ ʻڻ ڤ ػڻ෹ڵ
͵ڵҹ ڵ, ˵ڵڻڵ  ͡ڵڵ  ˹ڵյ.
      Էҹ ʷöԹ ʵڶ ͵ڵ Եҡ صڨ
ʹ ""ҷԡ ڨ Ҷ . ڶ  ¹ڵյ
ҪҪڵҷ ౹ ˵ڶҷԹ š¹  ڨڶԡҷ
ڵ, ⤻ҷ  ҷ ౹ ¯ ڵ. ˵ڶҨ ˵ڶ
ͧڡ Ҩ    ڵ. ͷ౹ ʵඹ,  
ҷԹҵ   ԯҷ - ҷǻڻ൹ ھطู Թ  ౹,
Թ ʵඹ, ԵڱԵʵڶǹ   Ծھ  .
      ⡵  , ʡ  ⵵ ʵڶ Ҥ ؾ
ʡ  ҹ ⡵ ڵ . ͪڪ˹ڵ Էҹ ,
"" ʨڨ Ե ,     ڨԻ ʵڵ
   , ڵ Իҵڵ.
      ⵵ "ҳҵԻҵ ط Եҳ"ҷԹ . হҵ
ҷԹ ˵ হ,  ͦ Ԩ੷ طڸ ó طڸʧڢҵ
ó ͤ ػک. -
@ԧö:  . ԯҹԯҷ           . ػک
      Եҳյ ҳԻҵ๹  ൹ ù ڢԵҳ.
ó ҵ ˻ڼ  ó ҵ ͵ڵҹŻ.
      ҷ ڵ ๡ʵǸ س ٻ һ. د -
Իࡹҵ ؾ  һ Իࡹ د, ʾھ չ
Իҡڵ ڨ. Ͷ د Իࡹҵ  ػٵ -
 ൹ šصڵह šصڵá  Ź صڵࢹ د.
ʾھ ҹ - ճڵ ͹ حڪ , һʹ ڵû
ڨ Ƿ.
      Էҹ ؾ ͵ڵ ҷ ࢹ ک ͻڻҷԻڵ
ʹ ڶ    ๹ "ҷحڪڵ"ҷԡ Ҷ
. ڶ ҵ ¹ ڹҤ Ըššڶ ͪҹڵ.
⹵ Իڻ,   ҷչ ͻʹڵ ҷ ͹حڪڵ
ǵ൹ڵ,  -  յԹڵ. յ  ڹҤ
 ڱ Ҥ ʯ صڵ ʵڵõ  ͻڻҷ áڢ.
¶  "صڵ   ڻڵ һس, صڵ ,
ؤڤ - "  ҹ ʹڵ  áڢڵ,  ڱ⵻
"ͻڻҷ  ڬҹҷչ , ڤҹ һس, 
Ԫڪ  ԭ ڻ" ͻڻ ҹ ʹ  ʯ
ͻڻҷ áڢյ ͵.
       ҷڵ ҷ  ͹حશ ෹   յԹԵڶ.
õʹڶǹڵ ǵڶء ʡ  õʧڢҵ ʹڶڻ 
@ԧö:  . ʾھҹ         . ෹         . ؤԤڤ
͹حશ  ԹڷԵڶ  Եڶ. ͻڻ յ ػԵʵԵ ͻڻ
ؤڤ ¹ ¹ڻ  صڵ Ծھҹآ һسҵ.
      Ҥ һڵ    ʵڶ ʹڵ Ҥ Ҥ ʵڶ
   Ҥ,  Ҥ Ҥ, һ ͵ڶ ໵
Ԥ  ˵. ๵ ڵԵ ҵ    "ʵڶ ʹڵ ھ"
ڵԵ, Էڻ   ڵԵ, ڵԵ. ?  ٵ
ǪڪҹǪڪҷʹ     ʯ صڵ - 
Ծھҹ. ػҤ  ػکԹڵ ͵.
     "· ضتڪ ¤Իڹ íҷ ءڢ , Էҹ
¤ڻڹ ڶ آ " آǭ "ؾ ҵ൹
, Էҹ ʵڶ ʻصڵ " ڶǭڨ
ʹ "í"ҷ. ڶ آ յ ¹⵻ آ ࢹ Էءࢹ
Եڵصҷչ ǹ ⵷ءڢ - . յ ԯ. -
˵ڶ ҵ ҷչ ⤨.  ʵڶҹءڻ⵵
ʵڶҹءڻ .
      ⨵ ҵ. طԨ ⵵ ҵ  Ե 
 ط طڸ˳.  ڶ ڶ صڵ.
                   ͧڤŵäҶdzڳ ԯԵ.
                        ----------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=33&A=8256 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=33&A=8256 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=26&i=392 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=26&A=7765 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=26&A=7877 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=26&A=7877 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_26

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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