͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹѴ ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. ͡Իҵ()

                     çڤêҵ
       ¹ڵ Է ʵڶ વ ù ͹ҶԳڱԡ
ҹ þ  
     ͹ҶԳڱ   þ ػڻ⡯Ը طڸ
ԡԵ  õ ͭڶ õʭ ͹ػڻ෵ ʵڶ
વ ù ԡ ճ ػҹҹ ک 
͡ ک ҵ ͡ ³ ͡ 
ͭҹԻ ͹ڵػҹҹ ˹ڵ  ک  Թڹ
ҷ Ҥ⵵     ˵ڶڻ 
عڵ بک˵   ؾ  ک
Ҥ ໵ ک ҵ ʻڻԹǹյؼҳԵҷչ
³ ڸǵڶ˵ ک    
Ԩڨڵ  Ԩڨ ҳ ڶ   ٻ⹻
˵ڶ  ໵ ͯ⡯ʧڢ  Գ  
 ʯ  ໵  ͭ  ʹڵ
ͯ⡯ յ ԷԵ Ե ͨ⵷ࡹ
ա Թ طڷ ԯ   ¶һԷԵŭڨԵ
˨ү ͳڳǡبک ǵڵҹ Ԩùڵ  
 ڨڹ ԡڢʵҹ Ԩڨڵ Ծڸ ˵ 
ʯ   ԡڢʧڦ ҵһ
Ե⻡ڢóʷ ʾ ԡڢٹ ҵһԵد Ե  ൹
 ھط⸻ ک յһ کڵ ԡڢٹ
 Ҥکڵҹڨ کڵҹڨ ҳ ڶ 
     ڻ  ʵڵԡ ʵڵ⡯ڱԵ  
ص ⡯ ͡ Ԩکҷԯԡ ǵ ʵ  
ھط  ʹ ԡڢ  ͵ڵ 
ҵ  ʡ⡵  ˵ ͵Ե  ԯ
յػ ʹ  ԡڢ   õ 
 Թ ⤵      ʹ
 آڹ ڶ Ԩڨ ͵Ե  ҵ 
ʡڢ ¶  ͵   ʹڵ  
ҵ ǯگյ  ඡ ¹ٻ ҡڵԡ
ʹڵԡ ڵ  Ե ͯ  ͵ڶҵ 
ص  صڶ⡯ Ծھڵǵҵ   
Ҥյ   ʯ   ʶ ͵ڵ
ک ࡵ  Ե ⤵ õ
 dzԪڪ વ   ໵  ʯ
Ƿ ¶ ͵ڵ  õ ¶   ⤵
    ʵ  öҵ  Ͷ  
  ʯ  ʪહ ҹ طڸ
ʪવ     ˵ ԡڡԳʵ 
ԭڨ  ک ǹڵ   ๡ ʯصڵ ػʧڡԵ  Ƿ  ʻ  
  ʯԹ  ʷڸ ඵ  ʡ⡵  ʯ⹻
ùڵ ҹ ෹ڵ  ͡ùڵ һ ڷ
 ԡڢ ͤ  Ͷ ͹ءڡ Էڷ ڻڵ
ү¹Ҫҹ ҳʷҹ    ⵻
ԡڢʧڦ ҹ ෵ յ   ҵ  ʡ⡵  Ͷ 
͡ ǹڷԵ Թڹ ʵڶ µ   ˻ 
ҹڵ بک   µ  ڨ ٢ ҳҪԡ ŧڤص¹ڵ
  Ͷ  ʵڶ ˻ ٢ ҹ յ  Եڵ ʧ⡻Եڶ
Եڵ   طڸਡطڸǡҹ Թڹ ҹ ٢
  ˵  Իҡ˹ڵڵҵ   Եڵ  յ
ҵ ʡ⡹ڵ ҹ ٢  ڶյ ਵ  ǷԵھ
      ڶ Ե ʹڹ      ͻڻ  ڢԳ
      Ҥ  ھط     Ͷ  
                   õڶ 
                  Ԩ ط ͻڻԡ
                  ٢ ųԡ 
                    ʻԳڱҵ 
     ͻڻ  ˻   ٢ ҹ 
ͯڹ »ؤڤҹ    ʡŪھٷջ
عڹڤ  ʵڵ õҹ  ڨ ҹ
⡦سڳ    ҷҹ ǵڵ ó
 ڨáڢ  ڨ ŵڶ ڢ»ؤڤ 
   ٢  ҹڵ  Եڵ ʧ⡻Եڶҵ
ǭڨ  ǵ صڵ  
     Ͷ   ǵ á ʯԹ ʷڸ ඵ
ʡ⡹ڵ Էҹ ؤڤڵ  Ǩ ʵյ ҹ
ͱڲõڵԡ Ԥ Ե  Ե ҡ
ͯ  ʯ    ʵ    ʯ
صڶ⡯ ͸ǵڶ ǵҵ  ڶ Ҥյ 
 ҷ ඵء ص Ҥҵ  ൹ յ 
ʯ  ک  Թ صڵյ  
 ⤵  ظ ԻڻԳڳ   ͵
ʪڪ๹  dzԪڪڵҹ ͡೹   ⤵
 ؤڤ  ⵻  ⤵  حڨ
ͪڪһ    ʹڵ  ˯  ʡڡ
ڨ໵ Ե ˵    ­ڨ
 ⤵ ʹڵԡ  Եڶ ǡҹڨ 
 Ե  ͷ  ⤵ ǵڵԵһ ࡹ
͵ڵ   dzԪڪڨ  دھ ʳյ 
Ͷ       ҵ ⷵ 
 ¹ڵ  ҷҹ ǵҹ ൹ ʹ ʵʹ
͡ڻ  ʾŹ    ʷڸ   ͨ
ػԯԵ  ҹ õ  ʪڪԵ صڵ 
Ե طڸ  Թ ٻ ͹Ҩ 
šڳ ʷڸ   ͡ ʹԨڨ ڶ զ
  ԡڢԵ ͭڶ کҵ   ʵһڹ
ǡ Ǩ ص ҵ ʡ⡹ڵ ͵ڵ ʹҹ
ڵ  ˵ඹ ˵ ԡڢ ԡڢԵ  
ͭڶ ʹҹ ҹ ʯ ໵ 
յ ûԤڤˡǻصڵ ʹڵԡ ڵ  ǹڷԵ
ͯ ࡹඹ Ҥյ  صڵ   ͹ػõ
͹ҶԳڱࡹ ʷڸ    تڬԵ ʹҹ
ԡڡڲ  ʯ ʹڵԡ ๵ ໵ ʹҹ
 ෶ҵ     ʯ ص⵵   
 طڸػҹ ʧڦػҹ    ⤵
 ʹ  ͷյ   ص յ  صڵ
 صڵ   Թ   ҷ ʯ
ʹڵԡ ڵ  յ    ʹڵԡ ʧڤ Ե
عڹ Ҫҹ ʹڵԡ ͤ Ի  ԡڢԵڵ
ʡڡ Ҫ ػʧڡԵ  صڵ ҨԡڢԵ  Ҫ
ʹҹ ҹ  ˵ඹ ˵ ͹Ҷ Ԩ
ҡ   ʹҹ ໶ҵ دص Ҩ  ʻ
   صڵ  Թ  Թ ڻ  
ʯԹ ʷڸ ඵ  ʡ ͡ڻ  ʯ ػ
յ  Ҹ  յ  ʯ ˵ڶ
 ڳ ໵ ͯ⡯ʧڢ  Ե
͵ڶ   صڵ ˵ ڨ ͪҹ໵
ҹ ڳҹ ҷ Ի ¡ڢ  ࡹ
˵ඹ ڳ ࡹ Ţ ˵   ڵ
 Ե ͵ڵ ¡ڢҹǹ  صڵʵ
 ҡ Գڳ ʶ ҡ ʯ ͵ڵ
á   ԭڨ  Էҹ ؤڤ  
Եһ ෶ҵ ǵ ͵ڵ ¡ڢҹ ʵ
ʾھһ ͯ í⡯ ี ʯ بک⡯
õ ͭ ͨǵչյ ԷԵ ա Թ طڷ
ԯ ͵ڶ ڻ ͵ڵ ҹǹ Ե ⡯
õ ͭڻ ء  ԡ ͯ⡯ڵ
 ͵ڶ ڻ Ե بک⡯  
ػڻ⡯  بک⡯ó ڱ 
ʯ յ 
      Ҹ ҵ  Ǩ ڻԨکԵ صڵ
ʾھ  Ե ͱڲõڵԡ ʯ Ԥ Ե
 Ե ҡ ͯ  ʵ ص ˹
ʯ صڶ⡯ ͸ǵڶ ͹ڸǵ
  طڸ ͪҹԵ  
 ʷڸ ԭڨ Ե ͵ڶ     ʡڡһ
 Ҫ Ǩ๹ ҡ Գ ี ͯ ԡ ͯ ⡯µ
ػڻ⡯ Ե بک⡯೹ ڱ 
વǹ þ ԡڢ  ʾھ ڻԳڱԵ ʹҹ
ҹ   ͭҳ Ե  ͡
 ʯյ   ͹ҶԳڱ  Ǩ ص
Թ  ǵ ڱڨ  ڵ Ƿ ͵ڵ
  Ԫҹҵ ʵڶ  ๵ ͵ڵ 
ҹʵ ھطڸ  յ  Ͷ  
  ਻  ໵ء ʵڶ ʹڵ յ 
 Ҹ   ʵڶ   ʹڵԡ ˵
کյ   Ҹٵ ǵ ҵ õڵ  
˵ ʵڶ ʹڵԡ ڵ    ʾھ Ҥ
  ʵڶ  Ǩ ص Ը ˻ һؤڤŻ
 һ  ڨ  ҹ ʵ · 
һ ڨ  һ ʵ ûؤڤŻ 
  ڨ  һҹ ʵ ·  
ڨ   ʵյ ǵ   
Ҷ 
        ⻻ ʵ      һ  ڨ
        ·  ڨ һ    Ͷ һҹ ʵ
        û ʵ һ       ڨ
        ·  ڨ     Ͷ ҹ ʵյ 
     ʭڨ  Ҷҹ   ǵ ʵһڵԼ
ԯ   ڡڡ ʵڶ  ԻԵ 
 Ҥõڵ ʷد  Ԫڪڸ ҡ
 ͪҹڵ һ Ǩ صڵ   ҵ ʵڶ
໵ ʯ     ͹ҶԳڱ
ʵڶ  ͵ڵ س    ǵ طڸػҹҷչ
 յ ҹһ  õ ʡڢ ҹ  ҵھڵ
 ⹻  ͷ    
⳵  ʵڶ   ˻ ʵһ 
ͨʷ طڸ   ͻʡڢǵ
ùڵ Ե ͹ک ڻ ؾ ڱԵ
͹ػڻ ط ͻԻڡ Ե Ǩù ù
ҡ   ҹ    յ
յ˵ڶ ͧڤá ʵ  ҹ ͷյ Ե
ڳԡ  ҹ ͷ Է ͨک¹ڵ ǵ
͹ҶԳڱࡹ Ҩ ͵յ  
     ͵ ҳ  êڪ ù ⾸ʵ
ҳʯ  ԾھڵԵ ҹڻ ʾھٻ
ǡ  DZڲ ͹ءڡ ԭص 
ԡ ʾھԻ Իڼڵ    Ե
ͨڨ¹ ʯԯ   ÷ 
ҹ   ͡ ͵ڵ ʹ ͡ڵ
 ҹ õ ҷҹ ෵  áڢ ʶ
õ  ඡ ҵ ⾸ʵڵ ҹڤح
ػ  ਡط ʵڵ˨ڨ¹ ø د
ԡڢҨ šࢵ ͪڪ  ҳʯ ˷
ڵ ǯگյ Ҥŵҷڵ ҷԵ ⹵ڵ آ
Ե ҵ  ʵ ¾ڸ ڸԵ
 ػԵ Էڸڵԡڵ ҷ ҡʹҤڵ
⾸ʵڵ  ػյ ˷ ͯ  ⾸ʵ
  ʹ د Իڨ ʵ  á
    յ ص  ڵ öҵ
     һ ԡڻ د 
ਡط  ʵڵ     ͪڪ 
ʵ ڨ Թ ʯ  ҹڵ յ
  Ҥڵ ͹ڵǵڶ յ˵ڶڵ ͧڤá
Թ   çڤûسڳ ڻڪԵ ⪵ٵ ըҹ
 Եڶ  ڻ ໵  ҡ ͯ 
ڵóڶ ک     
ǵڵ  ⾸ʵ  ҵ ǵյ بک   
͹ڵǵڶ ˵ ͧڤá ڻڪԵ ͵ڶ ⪵ٵҵ 
Ͷ Ͷ  ҤҤ ʾྻ »ڻڵ ह
  ⾸ʵ Թ ͪڪ  ҹڵ ҵء
ǵڵ  ص ʵ    ҹҵ ൹
ʹ ʵʹһ  ͡ڻ ͪڪҹ 
   ˹ڵ ҹ˹ڵ ҹյ 
¶ʪڪԵ ڵҵ  ҷ  ԡڢ ͧڤá
  ҡ ࡹ    ǹڵ  
 õ   ͧڤá  Եҵ   ҵ 
ڶҵ   ҹ ͹ڵ¡óڶ  ਡطڸ
 ԵԹʹڶҵ  ⾸ʵ    ͵ڵ
ҹ ͹ڵ  ਡطڸ Եڵ ҵ 
ͪڪҹ     ˹ڵ ҹ˹ڵ ҹյ
ͧڤá    ਡھطڸ  һ
ͧڤá  ⹻  ǵڵ  
 Թڹ  Ԥڤ˶ҵ ǵ  Ҷ
               طڸ 
      ҹ        ˹ڷ Գڱ Ԥڤҵ 
      Գڱ  ʨ ҡ Գڱҵ
෹ ͡   طڸ  ص 
һ ·Է ͷҹڨ ŭڨ  ͡ڵھڵ ͹
 ڵھڵ ͹¹ڵ بڨ   ͹  ˹ڷ
  ҹ Գڱ Ԥڤյ  ͵ڶ  ˹ڷҵ
ػʤڤ Ի 
      ǵ ⾸ʵ ҷ๹ ڵҵ ˵
ͧڤáڶࡹ ڢ   յ˵ڶ
ͧڤá  ػػ ҵ ʵػڼԵ ͡ һ ؤڤڵ
⾸ʵڵ  ڻԨک   ҵھڵ ó
ؤڤڵ ʵڵ طڸ  Ե ʡ
dzڳسڳԳڳ ͡   ڳԡ 
ҹڤ ਡطڸ  ԯ   
Ԥڤ˵ ͹  ڵ ҡ ԻԵ ʹڵ
Ҫ ڻ  ;ؤڤڵ ҹڻ ˡڵ
ڷ  ǹڵ   û Ҫ 
 ͵ڵ ʹҹ   ⾸ʵ  ڳԡ
 Ҫ ҹdzڳ๹  ʵ
Ҫ๹  ͵ڵ ʹ Ե Ǫ ҹҷչ
حҹ Ե ¶ҡ  
     ʵڶ Է ˻ ͨک   ʹڻ
͵ ǵ  ڻ ؾྻ ڱ  ͨک¹ڵ
 ʹ Ե ͹ʹڸ ௵ ҵ 
 ਡط  ԹԾھ  ҪԵ
ڳԡ  ਡطڸ Գڱҵ ҳʯ
 ҵ 
                   çڤêҵ  
                   ǡǤ ص 


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=35&A=6958 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=35&A=6958 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=27&i=40 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=27&A=262 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=27&A=258 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=27&A=258 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_27

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹѴ ԡ¹  Ẻ

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