͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. ԡ-ڨԻҵ

                    ;ڵǤڤdzڳ
                       --------
                      ;ڵêҵ
     ;ڵ   Է ʵڶ વ ù
ջصڵ ھ ھʷҹ þ  
     ھط  ǵڵԵø  ٯҤ
ù һһ ⤵ ڨ ҡʵҹ ҷ
ڵ ھڪ ҨԵ ھڪ ػڻڨ  
ͻ  ڨʵ ԡڢع ڷҷ ص ˵ڵ
һس  ʵڶ  ǵڶ ػ ù
ҵ    ھԵ ʾھص 
ص⵻  ھԵ  ʹڵ ʵ  ͤ
  ڻ ھԵ ǵڶ ڵ ھطڸڨ
صڵڨ Ƿڸ ҹ յ Թ൵
ԡڢعػ ڵ ھԵ Ҩػڬ ʷڸ ǵڶ
ڵ ʵڶíڨ »صڵڨ ҹ ͡ ԡڢعػ
    Ҥڵ ҵ ʵ 
ඡ  ط ػڻ   ص  Ҥ
 ʹڶ ԡڢԵ ʡڢ  ͭ Ҥڵ
ͼء    ҵ ʹڵԡ ڵ   ŷڸ
ǯگյ بک  ҵ ͤ  ʡڡҷ ª
ھ  ط ٻ Էҹ  Գڱ
Ե Ե    ҵ  
 յ ǵ ԡڢ   
ػڬ ʹһ Ҩ ڤ ̻Ե
ҹڷ Ե ھط⸵ ڻڵ   ʹൻ
ͭ ʹڵԡ ͤڵ ػڬ ʹڵԡ ڵ ǹڷԵ
آҡ ص ͯ  Ͷ   Թڹ 
 յ   ҵ    ط
ػڻ⵵   ŷڸ ǯگյ  ʡڡª൹  ھʹ
 ˵յ  ˵   Թڵյ   ع
 ҷ ǵڶ Ե  ʹ շ໵
Ҫ ͤ  Ҫ   շ 
 ҹ ԳڱԻڡҹ ھҹ ͡ٯ
  Ҫ ھҹ  ͻ๵ ʡڡ ڢԻԵ
 ڷԵ  ڵ õ ͷ  
Ҫʹ ԡڢԵ ʹ ڵ  ͷ 
Ե ҵ  յ   Ե ͷ  
صڵ ط ٻ  Ҫһ  
 Ը շԵ ھ  حڪ ک ʨ Թڹ
ҹյ   ù ʷڸ ڵ  صڵ 
Ҥڵ í   Ҫ Թ  ʵڶ ͤ
ʵ ڡǵڵҪ   Գ¡õ
 Եڶõ ʡŨڡêڪ ʭ 
  ǵ ػ˹ Եھ  Էҹ ھԵ
 ػ ʹ   صڵ ҡ ڪԵعڵ 
    Ƿڸ ھ   ù
ھ ھ Թڹ ԡڢʧ ҡ  
ඡ ԡڢ   د 
ջصڵ  ھ ھʹ ʹڵյ  ʵڶ
Ҥڵ ¹صڶ ԡڢ ͵  ʹڹԹڹҵ بکԵ
 ҵ ص  ԡڢ Է ҵ
ջص൹ ھʹ ʹڵڻԵ ؾ ͵ ʹڵҵ
ǵ ͵յ  
     ͵ ҳ  êڪ ù ⾸ʵ
ԡ  ԾھڵԵ »ڻ ڡ
ʾھԻڻҹ ؤڤ˵ ʳԵ ҵһԵٹ ͨڨ¹
Իھڪ ھԵ ǹڵڻ ԭ  һڵ
 Ծھ൵ Ԥ ʵڶ ص զ ͷڸ
ͨڨ¹ ųھǹڶ ھҷ ͵Ե ԡڨ
ҳ      Ͷ
Ԥ હ ʡڡ ǹ ڻ  ʡ Ǫڪ
 ó   һҹ ͹ ʡڡ
Ͷ  Թڹ ػڷٵ ҹ Եൡڤ  ʹڵ
  ء ʵյ Թ൵   ػµ
ʹ  ػ ͷڷ ڬڵ í
ͤڤ Ԥ Ե ҡ   
 ;ڵ ھڡ  صڵ  
ڡǵڵҪ ʵյ Ҩԡڢ Ҫ   ص
ھڡʵڶ ҹ ʵ Ͷ ھҹ
͹ڵø í  ھҹ  ʹڵ ൹
 ҷڵյ ص һ ҷڵյ ǡڢڵ  ص
Ҫ һ ඵ ʵ ڻ   ػڷٵ
ʹڵյ   ڬڵ Ԥ Ե
ҡ  ͵ڵ Ҫ ҹ໵  ʷڸ
Ż   Ҷ Ǩ
       ;ڵ        ԾԷ 
       ص Թ       ڡǵڵ Ԫµ
       ڻ        һ  
       ʵ  Ҫ     Է ;ڵ Źڵ 
     ڶ ;ڵ   Թ  Ԥ-
ھҷչ ء ;ڵõ ǵ  ͡ ;ڵ
ھءڢ ඵ   ԾԷ Źڵ  ھءڢ
ǵҹ  Ծ¼  Էڵ  Իҵڵ 
Թյ ʭڪҵ  ڻ  յ   -
   ͯ   ҵԻ    һ
 ҵ ʹڹ ҹ ;ڵ ͤڤ 
  ҵ ͵  ʵ  Ҫ Է ;ڵ
Źڵ    ͤڤ Է  صڵڻ
 Ҫ ʵ    حڪԵ ڡǵڵԤ
յ 
      ʡ    Ҷ ǵ 
ͻڻڵ   ڨ  í յ
 ͹ʵ ͵ڵ ʹҹ    ع
ҹ ʵ Ԩԡҹ ʭ  Իڪ  Ҫ
Եʵک  Թ ҹ ʹ  ͷ
 յ Ԩ بک  ҹ ҵ   
ʹڵԡ ڵ ¹ շԵ ԯ ڪ Թ
 ͼءڵ بک  Ҫ ͭ ͼء  ڶ
   ػڻ⹵   Ԩک ෵ 
;ڵھ ҵ  ;ڵ    ͵ڶյ 
  ;ڵھ ҹ     ҹ
Ե ͵ڶ ҹ ڶյ  ൹  
@ԧö:   
Թڵյ  Ҫ  ʵ د ڵ Ҫŧ
Թ  ໵  ;ڵ 
 ػڻ  ҵھڵ بک   Թڹ ھҹ
;ڵ   ;ڵ  ҹ ʵ
;ڵ Եھ  ໵  ҵ 
Ҫ Ҹ ٻ ھ öҵ ҹ   ʡ
͵ڵ ҹǹ  ھҹ ҷԵʷҹ 
͹ڵø  ھڶ  ʡҹ ԨԵ ͡ ھڻ
Ե Ҥڵ  ھҹ  í  
 ھҹ ҷڵյ  һ ҵ  һ ҹ
ඵ öҵ   Ҹٵ ڻԨکԵ  
ʡڡ  ڶ һس   ھŵڶ Ծڸ
 Իڪ  Ҫ ڵھԨڨ ͻʹ  
  ʹڹԻҵ໵ ;ڵھ ͵ڶ ҹҶҵ
بک     ;ڵ 
ǵҹ  ǹ ҭڨ ͹ ͵ڶյ  
ڻ - ͹ǵ     ھ Ե ʡڢʵյ 
 ʡڡ ڶ ൹ ڵ ͡ ⻵
ʵ ǯگյ  ൹  ¹ Ҫ  ⻵
 áҹ ҹڡ ڻ 
@ԧö:  ڻҤ 
ػ¡  Ҫ  ໵ ҵ ⻵ 
 ٻ ҭڨڪ  dzڳگ 
ҷ ʡڡûҹ  һ ҡ ͡ Ԩڨ ԵڶԵ
ǯگյ    ҵ  ҵ  ;ڵ 
ػڻ    ǹ ҭڨھڵ ͵ڶ ǵҹ
  ʡڡ ڶ ൹ ڵ   
Ե ǯگյ  Ҹ  յ  Ͷ  Ҫ
dzڳگ  ҷ໵ ʡڡûҹ µ
ʵҡŹ ڢڵҹ ࢵ  ˵ ˵
˻ڪ  ҡ ʪ  ʻ í Իڨ
ʵ ҡ ڢ ʻ ͵ԡڡ ǹ 
ھڵ ʹڵҹ ǡҹ ʹڵԡ ڵ ;ڵ
 ڶ ͵ڶ බ   ҹڵ بک   
ҹ ص ھڵ ǡ ҹʹڵյ   
 ص  ػڻԵ ص ھڵ ͤ 
  صڶ ڨ  ͤ  һ  ǡ
  ҹ ʵڵ ھڵ ǡ ҹʹڵյ  
 ڶһ ڵ ;ڵ  ڶ ͵ڶյ بک 
ء  ҭڨھڵõ    ŵڶ
Ҥ  ڶ ๵    ໶ҵ  Ǥ
   dzҪ   ʡڡ
ػʧڡԵ ʡء   ʵڵ ˪
ԡڪԵ ʡڱáڢ áڢڵ  ԯ Ե
 ڶ ڻدҹڤ  ըҹʷ  ҹ 
ڶ  յ     ک  ҹ Ҩԡڢҵ 
൹ ࡹ  ࡹ  ๹ յ  
 ҨԡڢԵʹ د ڤ ػõ  ҹ ڵ
 ͵ڵҹ ͷʵ ڬڵ áڢҹ
Էⷡڡ ;ڵھ ʹڵԡ ڵ ࡹ Źڵù
ʳԡ Ե   ˪ յ ʷڷ   áڢ
تڬԵ ͹ ⻵  ھõ ˵
ó Է    ڢԻԵ  ڵ  
ͻ ˵ ڷԵ Ե Իڻ ڵ  ͻ
Ǹ ŵ ͧڤ Ե ҷյ   
óԸҹ صһ ʹڵԵ  áڢ ൵
 áڢ   ҵ   dzҪҵ 
 ˻ ͡ í  ڻ í
  ҳҪ  ;ڵھŵڶ 
  ͵ڵ í Ե  Ҥ  
͵ڵ ҵһԵٹ ԡ  ͵ڶ Ե Ԩڨ
  Ծھڵ  ڻ  èکҹ¹
حڨԵ  Ծھڵյ ǵ 
Ҷ
       ڵõ áڡ     ҹԤک
        ͵ڵԨڨҤ       ˹ڵ 
     ڶ ڵõඵ ڵ بڨ ڵҷ ó
Ե ҵ   Ե Ըһ  ڵ ͵ڶ 
áڡ⵵ áڡ ù    ҹԤکյ
 آó     ʤڤڻڵ  ͸Ԥک  õ
 ԡڡڻ  ͵ڵԨڨҤյ    
໡ ص  Ըһ ڵ ͵ ͵ڵҹ
Ԩڨ   ˹ڵ    
ڻڵ  ڻڵ   ڻ   
   ͵ڶ      
ʶҵ 
        Ҷ      
 ص ʹڹԵڵ    ʡڡ õ
ʪશ ڵ ǵ ⻵ ʪવ  ⻵
ص ҡ ˵ڶ ʵڶԹ کҵ   
Ҥ  بک ö ෶  ͡ ھŹڵ  ⻵
 ͡ ھ ҵ      ء ھҹ
Ҥڵ Եҹ Եҹ ͡   ҡ
Ե ڶ ೹  تڬԵ ʡ š
ڵ ڢԵڵ  ڱ ԪڪԵ Իڻµ ൹
 ҵ  ʡ ҹҹ  Ҩԡڢҵ 
⡨ ෵  ҹҹ Ҩԡڢҵ  ͵
ҭڨھ ͹ڵ ⪵  һ ͤڤ 
ҭڨڵ  ڳ ʵ dz ػ
   Ƿڸ ڵ ھҹ ʵ 
ʹڵԡ کҵ   Ҹٵ ڻԨکԵ һ ʹڵԡ
ڵ ǹڷԵ ͡ڵ շ  Ͷ  һ 
Ҥյ بک  ҳí ʹڵԡҵ  ڶ
Ҥյ  ҡ í  ;ڵھ 
ػڻ ڶ Ҥ áڢ   
;ڵھڡ ͷ ҡ ʹڵԡ عڵ  ൹ շ
յ  Ͷ  ڵ ҹ   һ
  حڪ  ͡ ⻵ ҷڶ ͷ 
൹  ҷ ͡ ԡڡ ڢԻԵ ⻵ 
حڨԵ Էҹ کҵ ⻵ ʪ   
Ե  ͷ    ҷԵ  Իڻ 
⵹Էҹ ʻڻ  - 
     ʵڶ  ʹ Ե ҵ  
 ҵ  ⻵  Ҫ ҹ
@ԧö:   ص  
ھڡ һ ջص  دһ 
ھط յ 
                    ;ڵêҵ 
                       --------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=38&A=3036 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=38&A=3036 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=27&i=442 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=27&A=2361 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=27&A=2328 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=27&A=2328 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_27

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com