͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. ڡ-ʡԻҵ

                      ڤŪҵ
     ͧڤêҵҵ Է ʵڶ વ ù ʶ
þ  
     ͡  ʵڶ ʶ ൵ ػʡ Ҹٻ 
 ʶ ػʹ ҹ ҵھ  áڢԵھ  
ҵ ڵ ǵھ ʶ Ե ҳ-
ڱԵ  ͡ ػڲʶ   ٵ ǵ
 Ҩ ͵յ 
     ͵ ҳ  êڪ ù  
بԻ ʯ  յ⡯ ҹҷԻح 
 صڵû Ԫ⹻ ͹ڵ   Ǩکšһ
ʾ    ʶ ػʹڵ   ⾸ʵ
͡ Էڷ ԾھڵԵ   Ե ໹ Ԩ੹
ǵ    յ   ڵ ǹڷԵ ͡ڵ
  Ҥյ ص ҡ   óڶڵ
  ʯ ͭ ԡҹ Ҥ  
 ùڵ  áڢڵ  áڢԵ ʡ⡹ڵ 
öҵ Ƿ  ⾸ʵڵ  áڢ Ҩԡڢ  Ҹ
ҵ ͵ڵ  ๵  յ    
  ص   ͵ڵ  ͤ೵
 ʾھԨڨҹ õ   ڵ ڵ 
Ҥک  ඡ     ʯ 
൵ ͪڪʶ  ҹ  ڵ
Ե   حڪԵ ʶԡ ʹڵյ
  ⾸ʵ  د ڵ ͤ  ͪڪ
ʶ յ  ⡨   ʡ
 حڪԵ ʶԡ   ʯջ ʻصڵûԪ
ʶ ͸ԯ  ʾྻ ʶԡ ͵ڵ ʹҹ
ڵ  Ǫહڵ շ  ⾸ʵ ʡŷ 
 µڶڤ Ҥ  Ͷ ڵԡ
˵ڶǹ  ү ڵ DZವ ػ  ⾸ʵ
ͭ    ʷ  ͪڪ  ҵ
بک  ʾ ʶ ҷԵ ͵ڵ ͵ڵ ʹҹҹ
ҵ ص Թ ͵ڵҹ ǹڵҹ ͹ڵ  
 ص   Էҹ ʶ ͸ԯ
˵   ʶ ⹵  ڵ ʯ بک 
Ͷ  ʯ ҵ  ͹ԯԵڵ ʡ ʶ
 ˵ ػڲʶ  ˵յ    ͵ڵڻ
˵ٵ   ʯ ʹڵ ҷԹڹ ص ʶ
͸ԯ ͵ڵ ⹡ Ե  Ǫહ Իڪ 
Ͷ ʡŷ õ کڵ ʵڶҵ
د  ʯԹ ҹʪڪҹ Ե حڪҵ
بڨ⹻ ʶ  Թڷյ Ե¹ڵԡ 
ҷԹڵ   Ƿ ػڻڪ  سؤڤ
ʵ ڨػ ʡڢ  Ͷ  Էҹ ʵյ
Ե  Իڪ    ҳҪ
öä ˹൹ ù  ڢԳ ù  ҹ
ڻһس  ⾸ʵ⵻   ࡵ 
ػڻ෵ êڪ    Ե ػڲʶ
ʹ෹  ͤڤ بک ʹڸ   
ŷڸ ʨڨ¹ صڵ Ԫ  ط¡õ
 ͡   »ڻ ʾھԻڻҹ Իڼڵ һس
ҵ೹ ͵ڵ ؾھ Ե ͻڻ 
 ڵ ԡڢ طҹ ط   Ե ͨڨ¹
êڪ һ ͵ڵ ˹ڵ  ࡵ  طҹ
ط  ඡ   ʪڪ  Ҫ һ
   ҳ صڵ÷   ط
 ŷڸ ͱڲʡ ҡԯԡ ͹ڵ ໵ ڶ
ط  ҹ ͡ Եڶ ʷڸ 
        ǵڵ 
 ԭڨ ͵ڶ ڻ ҵ   ͵ڶյ 
Եڵ յ  ͱڲ⡵   ʵ  صڵ÷
ԯڵ ⵵   ҷªڵ Ըҹ 
 ˵ ԭڨ ͵ڶյ   ͵ڶյ  Եڵڵ 
ͱڲҵ  Ե DZڲ ڲ⡵ 
˵  ࡹ ⡯ʹ  ࡹ ⡯ʹ ڸ
ࡹ  ˵  ک  Ե ͱڲʡ
ҵ     ʹڵԡ  ŷڸҵ ˯د
  Թڵ  ڵ ǵ ڡ  Ҥ
  ªҹ ͵ԡڡ ڬڵԡ յڨԡڤʹڶ
 س ԡ ڷ  ˯د ǹڵ-
  Żڳ ŹڸԵ ൹ ¤ǵ൹
յ ¹ Ҫڤ೹   طҪ ˻ڪ
Ե    کڵ  Թڹ   ٻ
ҵҵ ͤ೵ ˯د ¹ ک بک
ڵ Թ൵ ʹڶ ͡  Գ  ൹
ڵ Ҫ  ʵյ ص Ҫ   ˵
 Ҫҹ ҹյ ǵ šڡù  ͡ڵ ͯ 
Ͷ  Ҫ بک  Ҷ 
        ͧڤêҵ    ءڡҹؤ 
        Ͷ  ǵڵҹ      ҵ 
        طڸ  ҷԨ    ء
        Ͷ  ǵڵҹ      ҵ⻵ 
     ڶ ͧڤêҵҵ     յڨԡڤ 
س˪ҵ  ءڡҹؤҵ ҷԵڵԡʧڢ൹ ءڡ̹ 
سԡ ͹ؤ  ǵڵҹյ ¤ǵڵҹ ໵
յ  
      í  ص  Ҷ
           ҵ   ҵڻ ¹ڵ 
        ͵ڶ  Ը Ҫ  ڵ  ҵ⻵ 
     ڶ ҵڻҵ ǵڶءʡ    ҵڵ
 ҵڻҵ صڵ  ͵ڶ  Ըҵ Ҫ 
ǵڶءʡ  ڵھ ҹҡԨڨʧڢҵ Ը
͵ڶ ͵ڶ   ڵ  ҵ⻵ 
    Ͷ  Ҫ    ͵ⶵ بک   
  ڢԳ Եڶ ʷڸ  ڻ  
   ͵ڶ  ԭڨ ˵ඵ بک Ͷ
   Ըҹ صڵ÷ ҡùڵ Եڵ Ǩ
 ک    ҵ  Գ 
   ˷  Ԫ˵   ͹ùڵ ҵ
    ͵ⶵ  Ͷ ٻ ҵҵ ͤ೵
Թ ʹó ¹ ¹ کյ    Ըҹ
Ե  ʷڸ յ Թ ೹ د
յ      صڵ÷ ԵԸҹ ʵڵ
͵ڶյ  ڶ ҵ  ൹ ҹ ڵ
 ʵ  ڨ ڵ    һ ͱ
 ڵ ʡ    ⡵ بک 
ʾھ ԡڢԻԵ ͱڲ⡵ ص   ͵ڵ
   Ե  ʷڸ յ ک
 յ ൹ ʹ    ҵҵ յ 
Ͷ  Ҫ    ҵ ڶ   ˹
ͱڲʡ յ    ҡ   ڨ
 Եíڨ     ໵ ڻ
յ    ǵڵ ʡ   
ࡵ  DZವ ⡯ ⡯ʵ ͻԵ  
ǵڵҵ صൻ   ˵ Եڻ Ԩ
   ʯԯҹҷ ҹڵ   ͻêڪ
 ǵ ػڲêڪ   ǵڵҵ ص ڻԨک 
Ҫ ک    õ ໵ ŧڡԵ
๶ ڵ  ҳ  ڨ  ͡ 
Ҫ êڪ Ը ԹڷԵ  ػڲêڪ   
  ˵һ ͱڲʡ صڵû ҵ
Ƿڵ   ͱڲʡҪ     ڤ
ҹ êڪ ùڵ ͡ ҹ   ڶ
Ե طҪ ͱڲʡí ͧ   Իڪ 
 Էڷ ͡ڡ  ҹǹʹ ڶ ڶ
ͤ  ͱڲʡҪ   Ԩڨ ػڲêહ 
õ  êڪ յ ڤ ;ھԵ 
ڵ Թ൵ ع  Ҫ  Էڷ  ͵ڵ
ҹ  ˹  ԯ ٻ 
ʷ¡ õ  Ԩک ػڻڹ صڵ ǵ  ڵ
ʵ Ե ڤ   Ͷ صڻ ڻ 
Եڵ ػڻڪ   Թ Է Եڵ عڻع ػڻڪҹ
һ ҵ    ԻԵ Ҫҹ د໵
 ҵ       ڵ 
ڶյ  ͵ڶ Ҫ  Է  ͡Թڵ  ൹
   Ԩک  êڪ   ػҪ
ص ػյ      êહ  
  ͻ Ծھڵʵ  êڪ  
 ھ ԯ     ʧڡ໹ڵ
DZڲ  ҹ    ʧڡյ طҹ
ط๹ صڶ Ҷ
        ͷڷ      ʧڡڻ  
          ʧڡڻ      յ 
     ڶ ǹڵ   ͹ڵ   յ  ػڻڪյ 
     ǭڨ  ǵ ع  ͹صڵ Ҫ 
ʹ ڨ Ҷ
        ͻڻһ     Ի  ڻ
         Ż     Ԫଶ ڤ⵵ 
     ڶ ҵ Ǥջ  ڤ⵵ ڤ  Է صڵ
˵ Ҫ  Ҫ ͻڻһ ǵڶءʡ 
 µڵ Ի    ڻ    ٻ
 ʷڷҵ Ż Ż   Իʹ DZವ
⾸Իڢҹ ҹ ǹҹ¤ص ڤ Żص
Ԫଶ ԭһҹ   
       Ҫ  ʵ طҪҹ êڪ
Ԩک෵ Ҫ آ طҹ  ǹڵ Ե
ھԵ ҹԭ Ծھ   ھԵ طҪ
 طҹ ʡ  ط๹  Ҷ
                ͻڻ   Է
                ط ͪڬ ˵ڵڵ
                ŷڸ ǵ ҳ
                 ھ Ҥ ҵ 
     ڶ طµ ͵ڵҹ ʹڸ Ƿ  ˵ڵڵڵ
˹ڵ ڵ Ի  ͪڬ  ҳҵ
ʵڵ   ŷڸ   Ҥ 
ھ⵵ ͸Իڻ 
       Ҷ  ⡨ ͵ڶ ҹҵ  Ͷ 
͡ ͤڤ Ҷ ͵ڶ بک  Ҫ   
  ڤ  ڤŹһ  í
 ù  ûԡ  ک ʳڱʹ
ҹ ҵ  í  ûԡ آ ˵
ó ءڢ      ҵء ˵ ک
ʨ੷ ҡڢ  ඡ  ҡ ڤšڻ
ŵ  ڶ ਵ    ҵ ǯگյ
ص  ҹ ˵ ک ûԡڵ  
 ڻ ໵ ҵ Էҹ ءó 
ҹ ˵ ک ûԡ  í 
յ ص ͭ   ͵ ڶ ҡ
طҹҶ ͵ڶ Ҩԡڢҵ  ˹  
յ    Ҹٵ ڻԨکԵ ءó 
ʳڱ    ڤ ͻؾھ óڵ í
ص  ڻ  ͡ؾھڻ ùڵյ ǵ 
ҹ ˵ ک ûԡ ͡  Ҫ 
յ    ͭ  ͵ ڶ طҹҶ
͵ڶ බҵ  Ҫ ͵ڵ Էڷ ඵ Ūڪ
ҵ Թ  ù  ͵ ͭ յ  
͵   ҵ   ҷ¹ Ҹٵ ڻԨکԵ
ʻԳڱҵ صڵ ʾھ Է໵ õŧ
շԵ  ڤ   õ ʾھ
 ҨԡڢԵ Թ ೹ ػڲҶ  
  ھ   ص êڪ  Թ
೹ ػڲҶ Ƿյ طҹ ͵ڶ    ص
ڻ ػڲʶ  í  ڻڵ ŷڸ 
 ҵھ ¹ڹٹ ھԵ ͵ڵ ԯ ¹ڵ
Թ൵ ҵǯگ  Ҫҹ ھڪ ͹تҹ໵
ǹڵ ͪ⬤˵ Իھڪ ھԵ šڢ ໵
Իʹ DZವ ਡ⾸  Էڸ Ծھڵڵø
ڸҷھ ڨ ҹ Ե ҳҪҹ
յ ҡʹҤڵ ڤ ڤ շ 
ҹ ʭڪҹԵ ڵ í   ڤ
ਡط ص ҡʹҤڵ ڤ Թ⹵ 
Ҫ ص ਡطڸ ǹڷյ ह ԡڢ  Ҫҵ
ص൹ ʷڸ ԡڢ  Ҫ ҹ Ե  ǹڷԵ
͡ڵ շ ʷڸ    í ʷڸ ʹڶ
ù  ڵ ͻڻ  êڪ 
ҹҷչ حҹ յ Ҫҹ Ź ŻԵ ʹڶ
õ   ص í ҵ  չ ڪ
һԵص ͵ڵҹ  ҹҵ  صڵ  ҵԢڵ
ڵҵ Żյ تڬԵ ʵڵ Ҷ
                 ˹ڵ һ
                 һԵ
                  ڤ
                ŻԪڪ ڵڵ 
     ʵ   ʵڵ  ͵ڵ ൹ ⻤೹
һ ˹ڵ   һԵڻ ˹ڵ 
 ڤ ͵ڵ    صڵ ڵ-
Ż ٻ   ͵ڵ 
     Ҫ ҵ õ ਡطڸ س ʹ
ͯ Ҷ
                ʹڷԯԡ  ʶ
                ڵèڨ  Ի
                 ʾھ ǹڷ 
                 ǹڷ Ҫԡ ڨҵ 
     ڶ ڵèڨҵ ͸ʹڢڵ  èڨ  
 ǹڷҵ Էҹ   Ҫԡ ڨ ʾ ǹڷ
ʶ  ڵèڨҹ Իҡڵ 
     í ҵ Ե Ҫ دԵ صڵ
  ٻ չڨ  Żڵ  
Ҫ Ҫ ԾԵ  س ඵ ҹҶ
                 ԭڨ Ǩصڶ ڤ
                عԹ  ԡڢҹ
                  ͵ ͳڳ
                 Ե Ԩùڵ յʡҵ 
     ڶ عԹڵ ҤԡҹҤԡʢʢਡع  
ԡڢҹڵ ؾھҤԻ ⾸Իڢ¸ʧڢ 
ԡڢҹ  ͳڳǹڵ طڷ 
      ǵ Ҫ ਡطڸ ǹڷԵ   ҵ
ҵ    Ҫҵ  Ҫһ   
Ҫ ͵ڵҹ  ʹڶ  ԭ Ҩ  ਡط
ԭ ͷ Ҫԡ  ʹڵ ҡ 
í ҷ  ڸҷ  
     ʵڶ  ʹ Ե  ػʡ
ʶ  Եھصڵ⡵ ǵ ҵ  
ਡط ԹԾھ ͱڲʡҪ ҹ  ҵ
 ͤڤ ҵ طҪ  ҵ 
                   ڤŪҵ ڨ 



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=39&A=5828 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=39&A=5828 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=27&i=1155 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=27&A=4910 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=27&A=4965 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=27&A=4965 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_27

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com