͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. ڡ-ʡԻҵ

                     ʡʻҵ
      Թڷ Ҫҵ Է ʵڶ વ ù ͡
ءڡԵԡڢ þ  
       ԡڢ ʵڶ ʨڨ   ԡڢ ءڡյ
بکԵ ʨڨڵ ص ԡڢ ءڻ  ҳ-
ڳ   ڻʵ ڤ⹻ ʾھ ʡ
һسڵ   طڸʵൻ ʧڡԯ ùڵ
 ҷʹڵ ǵ ͵յ 
     ͵ ҳí ڵ ص ڵ
 Եص    ¡ ص ͡Ҩ¡
ʾھԻڻҹ ؤڤ  ͻ  Ե ͨڨ¹ ê
ԯ  Ͷ  Թ   Ҫ 
Էҹ  ˹ڵ  ʵ   ¹ 
ҵһԵ  Ҫҹڨ һبکԵ ھյ  Ҫҹڨ
ҵһԵ  һبکԵ ǹڵ Ե Իھڪ
ھԵ ʵڵ  ԭ  һڵ  Ծھ൵
حکҨ ໹   ھԵ   ʡ⻵
ʭڪҹ  ԵԹڷ õ һ   
હ ʡڡ ǹ ڻ  Ͷ ʡ Ǫڪ 
 Թ  һ ͵ ؤڤ ʡڡһ 
 ҳí ʷڸ ͡ ص  Թڷյ 
Ͷ  ʡڡҹǹ ͱڲõڵԡ ҳí
Ԥ Ե ʡŤ ûڻ ʵ í
ʹڵ ҡ  د Ҫҵ Ҫҹ  
  ǹڵ  ص ʡյ   ڶ
Ҥյ  Ҫ ʡŪھط ͡êڪ Ԩک  Ԩکյ 
  Ԩکյ  Ͷ  ʡ ൹ ʡʻ ๵
ئҵ­ ª ʡڡ ͪ ص ʡŪھط
êڪ յ ǵ  Ҷ
         Թڷ Ҫ     ͨڨڵ ͪ
          ­      ʡʻڵ 
     ڶ ҵ   ҵ   íµ
 ʡʻ ๵ ­  
Ͷ ʡڡ Ǩ ص Ҫ Ҹٵ ڻԨک  Ͷ
ʡ ൹  ڨ յ ǵ ڡ  Ҫ ع
  ڨ ໵   
ʡʻ ʹڵԡ ڵ  Ǩ๹   Ҫ
  ئҵ­ ª໵ ʡŪھط ͡Ҫ
ʵ ҡ µڵ  Ԩک ڵ ʵ 
ʷڸ ­ ªԵ Ҥکҵ   ص  Ҹ ҵ
һ ⹡ ҹڶ  ԭڨ໵ ࡹ
ǹࡹ  ҹյ ص    ˹൹
ù ڶ ڵ  ǹڷԵ ͡ڵ Թ 
ʹ   Ͷ Ǩ ص һ  
յ ǵ  ԡڢԻ  Ҷ 
        طڷ           Ҥáسڱ
         Ԩ  Թڷ       Ԫҹ 
        õڶ          ڨ 
         صڵ ԹԻ൹      ͸೹  
        ͻ  ڵҷ      ͹Ҥ Ծھ
         ԡ        ʹ 
        ͻ  ڵҷ      ͹Ҥ Ծھ
        ͭ         ͻ êહ  ùڵ 
     ڶ طڷ¹ڵ طڷԡࢻ  ҤáسڱŹڵ
ڵ  ԡڢԻԵ ԵҤ ڳ Եسڱ
 ڹҤ   Թڷҵ Թ ئҵ
ڵ  Թڷ  ڡ̻¹ڵ һջ 
Ԩکյ Ƿ   صڵ ԹԻ൹ҵ  ԹԻҵ
 Եصڵ ˵  õڶ   صڵԹڵ ໵ 
 ԡҵ ھԵ ڵԡһڵ ҷ æҹ
ػʧڡԵ ûʹԡ ʸ ʵ೹ -
೹ õҵ ͵  ͻ êહ  ùڵ  ͹Ҥ
 ͭ ʹڵ Ծھ ʡŪھط êહ õùڵ
͵ 
        ص ڵ í   
ص Ҫ ͹Ҥک  ʡڡ ҵعڵ س  
Ͷ ع ʡ ͱڲõڵԡ Ҥڵ ҡ 
 Ҫ ʡʻ ҹ໵ ­  ªյ  
⵻ Ҥکյ  ൹ Ҫ ͵ڵ յ ڷǵ
 ŧڡõ  ˵ ʵ  Ҥڵ
­ ª Ҫ    ʵյ Ƿ ͷڸ
 ԡ ԾڸԵ ص Ҥʵյ   ص
Ҫ Ҹٵ ڻԨکԵ ع  ˵ ͵ڵ
յ ໵   ʻ Ҫյ ˵ ڶ ڵ
 ǹڷԵ ʹڶ  ǨکûҤ Ҫյ 
ʵ ͡ڵ ͯ  Ͷ  Թڷҹ ԹڷԵ
   š ԾڸԵ ص ҹ
    ԾڸԵڵ   
 ­ ªʶ Ҫ   ҷԨԡ  ʵյ 
 ʹ ໹    ʵյ   
­ ªڵ  ʵյ   Ҹ  
ªյ ǵ  ˵   ŧڡö 
ҳ ͤ  Ҫһ Ҥک ҵ ص 
­  ԯ  Ͷ  Ҥ  
­ ªʶ  Թڷ  ­
 յ յ    Ҹٵ ڻԨک  Ͷ
 Ҫ ع ҷ ڷǵ ʷڸ ­ү  
ڶ ˵ڶҷʾھػڻ Իү Ե  
 ʾ  ˹Ե ൵ ­ ªԵ  
ڶ  ʹڹԻ Ҫ  Է  ʡʻ
صڵ ͻڻٻ   յ ǵ ǹ 
Ҷ 
               
          طڷ    ҵԾԵڶ 
        ¶ ؤڤ ʹڵ      ʡʻ
        Ե ͵ڶ ڷǵ     Ҫ Ҫյ 
     ڶ    µ ˹ڸԸ ͭ 
 ڶ ڷǵڶ ǹ⵵ ͵  ҵ
ԯҹԯǤ ڵԾҳŹ ڹҤ Եһ-
Եһ     طڷҵ
طڷ صڵԵ ͷ ط Ե Թʵ ڶ
    ҵԾԵڶµ Եڶ  ʷ೻
յ ͵ڵ  ๵ Թʵ ڶڵ 
ʾ  ͵Ծ   ʾھ Եڶվ
˹ڵùڵ ͵  ¶ҵ   Ե ͵ڶҵ Ե
رڲ͵ڶ  Է صڵ ˵  Է ؤڤ ҹ
ҷչ سҹ Եڵ   ڷǵ   Ե
͵ڶ Ҫ ­ વ  ҹԵھ
ҵԾԵڶµ 
        ­ ªڶ ڤ˵ڶ 
յ ڤõ ءڢԻ  ˵ڶ   óµڪ
     ص һ ˵ڶҷ
óµڪԵ ¹   Ҫ⹻    
 ص Ǥڻ ص ͵ڵ ҷչ  
Ͷ   کҹ ҹ ҡҹ  
 Իڻ ص ͹ٻ ǵ  һ ڵ
Ǥ ʹ ͯ Ҷ
                ء ˵ء
               ੪ڪ Ҥ ʾڸڵ 
     ʵ Ҫ  ͵  ڷǵ  ػڻ෵
൹   ˵ء һ  ء ԢԳԻҡ 
¹ԡʧڢҵ     Թ ह
Ңڤ Ե Եڵڸ๹ ʷڸ ʾڸ Ҥ
Թڷյ 
     Ͷ  Ҫ    Էҹ  ڷǵ-
ԡڨ ʵڵõԭڨ  ª ­ڵ  
 ص    Ҫ Թ ʹ ͵ⶵ
ǵ ҹҶ
                õڶ  ؾٻ 
                   Ҫ
                   
                 ï ڷǵ  ˵ٵ 
     ڶ ؾٻյ ͵Ծࡻ   յ ʭ
  յ 
       ǵ Գ ڹԵ  
ػڻ෵ ҡ ŧࡹ շԵ í  ʵ
ͻڻ յ ǷԵ ­ү Էڸʵ Ҫ
·ҹ ໵ í Ҩڵ ػڻԵ ͵ڵ
ʹҹ ڵ Ǫ  ǵ -
š  
     ʵڶ  ʹ Ե ʨڨҹ ʵ ҵ
  ʨڨ ءڡԵԡڢ ˵ ԯ 
   ջص  ʡ 
ҵ 
                  ʡʻҵ ʵڵ 



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=39&A=7678 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=39&A=7678 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=27&i=1265 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=27&A=5273 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=27&A=5315 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=27&A=5315 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_27

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com