͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (ڤ.)

                          . ǯگصڵ
                      ǯگ˻Իصڵǵڶdzڳ
      []  ص  ̹ڷ¹ڵ ǯگصڵ. -
ػؾھdzڳ:- ԡھ๵ ԡ ھ. ǯ⯵ Է
 ˻Իصڵ ,   ڵ⡯ڵ - ˻
͵ ʷ ʹ .  ʷڸҸԡڵ "  ԡڢ
ͱڲʹڵù  ʹڵù  Ǩکù  ҡ ػڻԵ Ըҹ
үҹ , ʾ  ͵ . ¹ڹٹ ǹڵ
ҨԵ ү¡óڶ ͡ ԡڢ ͹تҹ¹" Թ൵ ǹڵ
ػʧڡԵ .
      ڶ Էڸҵ Էڸ. յҵ ҹڱʹڹ رڲԻڻڵ.
ҡԳڳҵ ʡ௹ ʡٯ Ե  Ԩù  ҡԳڳ.
ҷʵٵ ҳ໵ ҹڵ ໵. صڵʸҵ صڵҹ
, ʡʧڢҵ  ʸ صڵ.  ڵҵ
һ ڪԵ ڹ Ե  ͵áڻ೹ Իڻշʵ.
  ˹ڵ  Ҫʯǵڶ ԡڢһ ,  " 
˹" ҷ.
      []  յ  سԹ๹ ,  ໵
͹ػؾྐྵ بڨҹ ͵ù ը  , Ͷ 
طڸʹ رڲ ڨʹ յ ʵ.  ⢵ ǵ
طڸҹ  ԾԵ ඵ ˹  ڶ.   ǵ ʷڸ
  DZವ  ص ͵ڶյ ԡڢڵ .
@ԧö:  .. ڵ⡯Ը
                         ԷڸԻүdzڳ
      [-] Ͷ   ػ  Ծ˹ൻ عڻڻع
Ҩ. "˹ڷ ү¡ ҷչ " Թ൵ "ճ
"ҷ. ڶ  ԡڢعڵ   ԡڢ. ڸյ ڸù
 Թ , ڸï  ػڻڹԪڪ. ڶ   
,  ࡹ  Ԫڪҵ ͸Իڻ. ͯگյ ͯ  
. յ Ūڪ. Ԥبکյ ٶ   Ԥبک ػڻ.
                       ʹһүdzڳ
      [] ʵڵҹڵ ͭ ʵڵҹ. ص  Ǩ.
ҷʵյ ඵ. ਵԡڵ  ͸Ի໵. ڻ  ⹵
       Եڡҷڻص .
ص  Ǩ. ԵԻ  Եڵڵ Ե  Եڵ, ڨڨ ͵ڶ
Թڵҹ ǵڵյ ͵. ԡ  Ԫڪҵ "Թڵ" 
ŷڸ  ͡ Ԫڪ ͵ڶ,   Եڵ ҹҵյ ໵.
                       ͹ʹջүdzڳ
      []  Եࡶҵ  ๡ڢԵڡҷ ǵ൹ڵ
Եࡶ.   ԵڡԵڶҵ  Եڡҷ ǵ൹ڵ 
ԵڡԵڶ.  ԡöҵ  ͹Ԩڨʭ, ءڢʭҷ 
ͭ ԡö.  ǹڵ "Ԩڨ" ҷԹ ¹  ԡԵڶ.
Էڵ Է ڨسԡҤ ˶. Է ػڻڪҵ Է ڤŻڻ
šصڵø ػڻڪ һسԵ Իڼ෵ ö. Ե  ԷڸԸ
ԷڸԻү¹ڵ ʵ,  Եڵ   ʹһү¹ڵ,
ǡҹڨ طڸҹڨ ʵ ʹ ͹ʹջү¹ڵ.
      ڶ ԷڸԻү¹ ͹ʹջү ڤҹҨԳڳ,
ʹһү¹  ͹ҹջү ʹһ. Ƿ 
ԹڷԵ ڨԡڢʵҹ ˵  طڸ   ʹ 
ǵ   ͤڤ ʹһ  Եڵ -  
,  ʹ ص ڨʵ ԡڢ ʵһڵԼ ԯ. Ͷ
 ڤ ԡؾھ ʵ ʵ  ,  ص
ʾ ˵ڵ ԯ. Ͷ ǻ ҹҤ ڨԡڢʵҹ ˵
 ;ؤڤڵ ǹҤ. ͹ʹջү  طڸҹ ʵ
ʹ,  ԷڸԻүʹһүҹ ػҹ ҹ,
ͷڸҹ  ԯڵ, ͷڸҹ ͵ԯ  ¹ڵ. ͹ʹջү
͹ػ Է, ͷڸҹ ԯ, ͷڸҹ ԯ µ.  
ԷڸԻү­ڨ ʹһү­ڨ ˵, ͹ʹջү ʵ.
                     ٵøʡԡڢǵڶdzڳ
      [] ٵؾھڵ Է  ǵ ÷ڸ? ԷڸԻү-
ʹһүҹ ͹ҹԡǷʹڶ, ͹ʹջү 
ҹԡǷʹڶ. ͻԨ ʾھطڸҹ ٵ  ԡڢ
˵.   ʹ  š ԨԵ ʪ⪵ -
Ե Ҥ طڸ بکԵ ԡڡ ˵.  طڸҹ
˹ڵǻڻʹڶ, Էڨ ó Ԩکڹ, Ͷ  ǯ  ʹ⵻
 "ٵؾھ" ҷ.
      ڶ ڶ ⢵    Ҥ  ڵ 
͹ ͻڻǵڵʹ تڬڵ. ٵ  ʾھҡù
طڸ صڵ,    ˵ھ.
@ԧö:  .. ԵڵҨ             .. ʪવ
      [] ҹ ⤵ ү¡ š 
ڶ, ԷڸԸҳ ๵ ͸Ǩ. ൹   šһ ¹
 ǵ൹ š ҵ.   "ҹ " صڵ. ¹
ҵҪԡҵ  Ե ǹڵ ͻبکԵ  ⨷ ǵ
ҹҵ  ػʧڡ.   ԡڢ  ҹҵ طڸ
 بکԵ ǵ  ҹڵ, . Ͷ   ԡڢ " 
  ඵ  ž, զ බ"  ǵ ͪ⬵ڶõ, عڻع
بک,  "ͪ⬵ڶõ   ԡڢ, ˹ڷ  ˵ڶ " -
Թ൵ "͵ڶ  ԡڢ ڵ Ҫ" ҷ. ڶ
ԡڡڵҵ  ͵ԡڡ ڵ. - յҵ dzڳҷ صڵ.
൹ ¹ ʾھ ͵ ǷԵ.
      [-]   :- ʡ  Ҫ Թ
"  طڸ,  ʡڡ ͭ ʪڪԵ, ­ڨ ԡڢ ͤڤ
 ⪻  ,   ط ෹   
ͤڤؤڤ ھطڸ  ǵ بک Ԩõ,   ʵڶ
ʹڵԡ".  ع  Թ "ط ڵ ʵڶ ʹڵ
ԡڡ ʵ, ͵ڶ - ؤڤ -  ⶡ  Գڱ 
ک ҹʵ".   " " ҷ. ҹ»
ҹʷ. ҹ⤵  ҹ⤵  ʵٵ
 ͡Եڵڢԡͻڻҵ  ʹڹԯҹԡਵҵ  ˤڤԵڵڵ 
ҳڵ  ʾھ ԷԸҳ .
      [] ؾھԵڵڵ Ҥؾھ Եڵ  ط
سؤڤ .  Է  Ҥʵ,   ҹҵ ջ.
ҵյ ҡ . Ͷ    ൹ ԡڢع د
͵ڵ   ʨ " ҹ" ǡڢ,   ʹڵ,
@ԧö:  . ҵ, . حڨҵ       . ͵ԡڡڵ
@ . ͯǸؤڤ
Ͷ ҹ  ԭڨ ,   ԡڢ ҡ೹ ͹÷ڸԵ
ҷ ʵ. " ԡڢ " ҷչ   ڵ 
⡨ Ǩ ʷʵ, ¹ڹٹ ԡࢻ   ԡڢ ʵڶ ʹڵԡ
¹ڵ Թ൵ " ԡڢ " ҷ.
      [-] ͡ڵ ͻ๵ҵ  ? ˡڵ.
Էڸ ¯Թڵ ŵڶ ԡ Իڻ   š
Էڸ ʹ һڪ.
      [] ʡسڵ ҡ   .    ԡڢ
  بکԵ⾵ Է    -  بکԵ,
­ڨ  ԡڢ ͹ػҷԹڹࡻ ˵ Իڻ بک,  ี.
ҨԳڳ õ طڸҹ, بک  بک  ʵ
بک ԡڢ໵ کʪڪ. ? بکԵ ͪҹԵ Իبک
ؾھԭһ ˵.
      []  ԡڢ໹  ڶ " " ҷ.
ڶ  Ҹյ  ԯҵ,  ڵ ٵ  Ҥ ͻڻԯ
ǹڵյ ͵. ػҷԹڹ ʹڸ بک. - զڨ ʭڨҵ
ʭҹʹ ػҷٻ صڵ. ͳ Źڵ طڷ  ˹ڵ , Թһ
ػҷ dzڳڵ Ե. ڵ ڨ ڨ ػҷٻ
Ե.   ػҷٻ  ڵ ͵ڶ? ڶ. ԯҹԯ 
Ե. ڨ ٻڨҵ ڨ զҷ ٻڨ. ػتڬյ تڬ,
 Ҥ  ڻǵڵյ.
      []  بکԵھ ҵ بک ʵ Էҹ ʪڪ
ʹ  ҡó ǵյ ǵ "ԭҳ" ҷ. ڶ
ԭҵھڵ ԭҳ, Ծھҹʵ , ෵ Էʹ
͹Էʹ. ػڻҷ  ¹  Ե ͭڵ͹  ͵
@ԧö:  ..           . بک
ڶյ ͹ڵ. ڵ . ͵  Եڶ ,  ڵ ͵ڶҵ
,    . ʾھ ҵ ʾھ⵻. Ծھҹ
 ¶ طڷ   ͵Եء ˹ڵ,  Եڶ, ͵Եڶ
 ڶ.  ͯڵ  ¹ ¹ ࢹ Ծھҹ
͵Եء ˹ڵ,   Եڶ, Ծھҹ ͵Եڶ  ҹ
ڶ. ൹ صڵ "ʾھ⵻". ͵ڶ  ҵ ͵ڶ Ծھ Է
Ծھҹ Ҥ ʾھ "" ҷԹ ¹ صڵ ػҷԹڹҵ
تڬ, ͻڻǵڵ ˵յ.
      Էҹ تڬػ ʹ "ԭҳ ู ͵ඵ
ػتڬ" - . ڶ "ԭҳڵ ԭҳ ʧڢԭҳ.
ԭҳһ  ู ͵ඵ ػتڬ. ԪڬҵջԢ 
ͻڳڵԡ ҵ. ʧڢԭҳһ ͹ػڻҷู ͹ػڻҷʹ
ػتڬ. ¶ "ʵһڵڤ೹ ʧڢԭҳ ู ໵
ʵڵ  ͹   ػڻ ڨ ٻڨ ͵
تڬڵ" ʾھ ̹Է - صڵ ǷԵھ.  ʾھڶ
صڵҹҵ.
                  Ե ڤԹ զԡ¯
                      ǯگصڵdzڳ ԯԵ.
                            ͡ҷ.
                       -------------------
@ԧö: - . . // ͪԵҳǻبکҹԷ ()



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=4&A=8429 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=4&A=8429 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=9&i=338 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=9&A=7317 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=9&A=5428 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=9&A=5428 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_9

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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