͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. ͡ҷʡ-Գڳ

                       ҵ 
      ҹҵ Է ʵڶ વ ù ͭ
 þ  
       ǵڶ  ͨǵԵ ࢵڵóڶ
í   ʵڶ  ػ  ǵڶ Գڱ
ʹ ڤ ͡ڡ ൹ ʷڸ ʹڶ   
ҵ ǵ ࢵڵҹ ⡯  ⤵ҵ ص
Ҹ  յ ǵ ͤ  ػ¹
Թڹء õ ࢵڵ ʸ ࡷþڸ
ǻŵ عڻع ڵ ൹ ʷڸ ʹڶ ͡ 
ع   ͪڪ  ⤵  ǻڻڤ
   Իڼ طڸڻآ ԡڢʧڦ
ҷҹ յ   ʵڶ سǹ ͸ʵ
ڡ  ๡   ࡹ
ͯ  ʵڶ ڶ   ҵ بکԵ
   ⤵ҵ ص Ҹ ҵ
ǵ ڡ    Թ  ⤵
Գ Ҥک  ൹ ͵ڶ 
ڵڵ   Թ൵   ʵڶһ ڶ
ͤ  Ͷ  ͵  ػڻڪ 
Ͷһ Գ   ࢵڵ յ ʹڹԯҹ
 Ի  ͨǵ ػ ʾھõڵ 
   Ҥڵ ͡ڵ ʵ ʾھ
 طڷ    ͦ  Թ
ࡵ ʡǹ ʳõ ʡڢ ʡ
˵ඹ  Ե   ڵ Ż Իڪ 
ʵڶ ڨ ʡٵ   
 յ ع ǵڶ Գڱ Ե
کڵ Գڱҵԡڡ ԡڢ  ʵ ک೹
ʷڸ  ˷ ͤ   ʵڶ Ҥ
ص ʹڶõڶ   Ҥ ʵյ
ŷڸ ʹ   ʵڶ Ե ڵ
շ   ؾھ Թ ͼءڵ بک 
 ⤵ ͨǵԵ  ءڢ੷   
 ҹҶ    Իڼ ҡ ҹ
յ ǡڢ Էҹ  ʾھڵ   طڷ
  ԭڨ ԯ  ڶ ʡʵڵ  Թ
൹   ػڻ⹵     ʨڵ
 عҤکյ  ˵  ⤵ҵ   ʹൻ
 ʨ  ʵڵҹ  ػڻڪ
ػڻڪ ʹ ʵ ԭڨ ʧڢä ͹ʹ
ڶ  Թڵյ  Ե  ʵڶ ʵ 
ʻڻ¸ ʹ صڵ   ص ҹ
ک  ʵһڵԼ ԯ  ʵڶ 
ʡ  دʹ  ͤ  ʵڶ ء
 ʡڻԵ ʡ  ʵһڵԼ
ԯյ ʡŹ ͭ  ԡڢ   د
 ʾ ೹ ʷڸ ڵ  
ص ػ  ʡڻԵ  ʵ 
ʡ  ʵһڵԼ ԯյ  ʵڶ Ҥڵ
¹صڶ ԡڢ ͵  ʹڹԹڹҵ بکԵ ¹ҵ
ص  ԡڢ Է ؾྻ ͵ ʡԹڵ
ǵ ͵յ 
     ͵ ҳ ڵ í  صڵ  ػêڪ ͷ ԯ ʹһԯҹ 
ͻ  š ڨ ય
ʡ      êહ ԯ 
෶ҵ ǵ عڻع Ҩ⹻ ԡڢԻԵ ԯ
    ¹ ͵ⶵ ػêڪҷչԻ  Ԩک 
൹ Ҹҹ حڪ  յ صൻ  
  Ԩڨ ͵ڶյ ҳ ԡڢԵ ڨڵ
ڵ ͡ ʯԡ  ˵ඹ  ù  
 ͻ  Ҫ   ҵ  ͷ
û  ԡ  ͻ Ҫԡ ڨڵ
ڵ ࢵڵڻҳ˳ڶ   ͤ  ʯ
Ҫ ػʧڡԵ     ԯҵԡ
ڳ ʵ ҡ  öҵ   Ҹٵ ڻԨکԵ
 ءʯԡ ػ     
ʪյ ڳ   Ҫ Ҹٵ ǵ   
Ͷ  ʡŤ⹻ ⹻ ä⹻
ػʧڡԵ  ҡ   ҡ ʪڪյ
    ͵ڶ ڳ ʵ ʪڪ 
     ͷ  Ͷ ʡڡ
Ծھڵ  ൹  һ ˵ ҵ   ͻ
ʾھ   Ҩ ػڲêڪ Ҩ  ԯ 
ͷ    DZڲҹ ػڲêહ
ʹڵد êڪ յ   
ڵ Թ  êڪ   ෵ طڸ ҵ
ԯ ڳ Գ  ԯ Թ   ؾ
êڪ ػêڪҷչԻ ԡڢԻԵ Էҹ طู յ
Ƿ     طู   
ʵ   êહҵ  Ͷ  طู êڪ
˵ٵ    êڪ ˵ ԯ ػêڪ 
  êڪ ù  ص ࡹ êહ
ʹڵد  ճ êڪҹ   ⡯ ҷڷ 
 ʡ Ҫ    ҵһԵ ػ˹ڵ
 ҹҷչ حҹ ùڵ  ԡҵ ࡹ
 ԡ    ҳêહ 
ʵ  ԡڢ ڵ ҳǡʹ Ҫ
  ػ¡ ҳ Ҫ ⵵
è໵ ʵٵ ص Ե Ҫҹ ໵
֡ó Ҥյ ص Ҫ ҡ ԭڨ ǵڵھ
͵ڶ  ڨյ   ʡڡҹǹ 
 ڡ  Ͷ  ҳ  Ҫ յҹ
ҡԳڳҹ ڻڹž˹ҹ ճ ҹ 
  ͵ڵ ҹǹ ճ êڪҹ ˵ 
ڨ ͡ զ ڵ ǯگյ    
Ҫ Ҹٵ ڻԨک ʡڡҹǹ     
  Ҥ    ŷڸ ǯگյ  بک  ʻ
͵ڵ ǵ ǵǹ ͤ  Ҫ 
໵  ҳ ҡ ճ êڪҹ ˵
յ   ʶ  ԭڨ໵ š
ʹڹԻ൶ ڨ ͡ ճ êڪҹ ҵ ǵ
   Ҫ  ҳ ʡڡ   ʹҹ
 بکԵڵ ص  ʡڡ ͡  ʹҹ بک
ک  ػöҵ   ػùڵ  ͷ Ҫ
ʡŹ  ҳ  ҵ è   ص Ҫ
ʪ   êڪ  ˹൹ ʹ
    Ծھ ͷ  ʹҹڵ
 تڬԵ ҳ ͹Ҥ ʵյ عڻع Թ 
Ͷ ԡ   ػڻڪ  ʡ
Ա˹ ط  Եڢڷԡ طҷ 
͡ Ҫ ʵ ͡ ԡڢ  Ǫڪ ԡԨکԵ  ʡ⡹ڵ 
Ҫ   Ͷ ҸԻԵ ʡŹ ҡ  
 ⾸ʵ ڡ ʾھԻڻҹ ؤڤԵ ҳԹ
ҵһԵٹ ʹڵԡ Ҥ  í صڵ ص 
ԡԨکյ Ҫ ڵ   ҳ 
ԡԨکԵ Ҥ⵵ è  Ҫ ˹ڵ˹ڵ
һڢǪڪһ  ԡԨکԵ  ʡ⡹ڵ سҳ 
ʡڢʵ Ծھ  ʪશ ڵ    ص
ҳ  Ǫڪǵ๹  ڶ  ԡԨک
 ʪڪڵ ෵ٵ    ص Ҫ Ҹٵ
  ҳ Ҫҹ    Ҫ
 ԡԨک ͻԨ    ä دҹ Ҩԡڢҵ 
Ҫ    د๹ ʪڪ յ
  Ҫ Ǫڪҹ  Ҹ   د بکԡ ʪڪ ùڵյ  Ҫ Ҹ ҵҵ دҹ
ඹ ࡹ ҳǹ Ҥڵ   êڪ ˵
յ صڵ ҷ  ʾھ ඵ Ե  ҵ
  Ҹ ػڻ  ԡԨکԵ ʡ ԡԨکյ
    Ҫ ʨ ҹ ҹ ʡڡ ŷڸعڵ 
 ʡڡ ҵҵ   ʹ  ʨ Ҫ ʾھ
ԭҳ ԭҳ ǵڶ ͵ڵ  ҷ  
   êڪ ˵һ   ͡ڻ
 ڵҵ حڪ     
ڵ ǵڶؤҹ ͨکҷ ࡹ Ե 
ǯگ   ҹ DZڲҹ  ͻ بڨԵ
 ෵յ  Ե  ʵ ǷԵ   ʹ 
         ҹ           Ԫڬ
        ͷڸ յ ˵       ŷڸ  ·Ԩک 
         ҹ           Ԫڬ
          ͻ          Թڷ 
         ԧڤ ԧڤ        DZڲҹ DZڲ
         ڷ        Ԫҹ
          Ի     DZڲҹ DZڲ 
         ǡ          
        һ        Ե Էڸ   
                Ҫ   ԪԵ
                Ҥùڵ ʹ
                 طڷ ͵Եڵ
                 طڷʻ 
         ͹         Եڵ Ҫڬ
                 ǵڵ ԡڡ 
                  Եڵ   Եڵ 
         Եڵչ ʯ         ڻ
         Եڵ             
        ͻ ҹ       ͻڻԨک 
        طڷ            ڻ
        ö         ԡڵ ػ˹ 
           ҹ          ڻڪ آ
        ʾھڨ آԨ   ʾ  Ԩڨવ 
     ڶ ڵ ǵڶء ʡ  ҹҵ
ҹ     Ԫڬյ  ؤڤ 
Եǵڶ Ԫڬ  Իڻڪ ҵ ͵   
ͻ  ͵ڶ ڵ Իҵڵ  ͻùڵ ͻҤջ 
 ػ Ǩ  Է صڵ ˵  
ҹ   Եǵڶ Ԫڬ  Է ⵻ 
ؤڤ  ¶ҹ  ˡ ҵҵ໹ Ź
 Թڷ ҹ»Ի    ʧڢ
 Թڷ  ٻҷԡ   DZڲҵ 
ҵ ٻ   ԧڤ⹵ ڶ ŵ دԵԧڤ 
ڷҵ ڷ  ҵ Ÿصڵ Է صڵ
˵ ¶ Ǩک DZڲڵ  ʷڸ ԧڤ DZڲ 
͹ڸһ ͻڻڵ  ڵԻ  ͻһ
DZڲյ  ǡڵ ࢵڵ ࢵڵ  ൹ ҷԡ
ʾھ  ʵ  ص»෹ ʾھ Իػ ʵ 
෹  ʾھ ԭҳ Եù ԭҳ  һҵ
һ Է صڵ ˵ ԯڵ ճ êڪҹ   ҳ ͭ
 ʡ  ԭҳԭҳõ ʨ 
 Է ͵ڵ ǵڶ ͡  ¹ڵ  ػڻ
 ҹ  Ե Էڸ  õ  ҹ 
 ص بԵҷչ ù   
ùڵ ⡯   ൹ ͵Եڵ ع طڷ
  ԡʵڵҹ ػڻҵ ʵ  ҵ
͹ԵԨ  ͹ùڵ ͹ù  Ҫڬҵ 
Թڷ Է صڵ ˵ Ҫ  ͻ¹ൻ 
 ͹ù Եڵ  Թڷ ڵء ˵ 
 ʵڵҹ  DZڲ   ǵڵҵ  
ǵڶءʡ Ե൹ ǵڵԵ ¹ ԡڡ 
ҷչ    Եڵ Իسڳ  Եڵҹ 
 Եڵչ ʯڵ  Եڵչ  Իسڳʯ
       ڻյ  Ա˵յ
    Ե   Ա˵յ
͵    ʹڵ ҷ     ǵ൵
 ʡ⡵    ҷչ  ڤ 
ͱڲʡҪ     ǵڵյ ͵  ͻҵ
Էڸ  طڷ⵵ ˵  ڹҤڵ
طڷڻ   ˹൹ ͤڤԹһ ط  ʡ
 ڻ  ˵  öõ   ԡڵڵ
ԡڵ  Է صڵ ˵ ¶  ػ˹
ԡڵ   ͤػҹ ˵ 
Ǫવ ػ˹  ػ˹ Ե آ ˵
 ڱ ʵڶʷ  ڵ 
͸ ҹ  ൹ ൹ Թ Ե  ¡
Ǩա ⹡  آ ڻڪ Ԥö ʾྐྵ ʾھ
¡ҷآ Ԥ Ԩ Գ ǵ ҹ
Ծھ൵ ʾھ Ԩڨવ 
     ⾸ʵڵ   Ҷ ඹڵ í ʵکڵ
  ͷҵԳڬҹ طҷ  Ҫһ 
   د ¹ د ͵ڵ Ǫڪ ԡԨکԵ
ʡڢ ڱԵҳ  ͵ڵ ҳ¹  ä
͡յ ൹ ʷڸ Ż  Ҷ
        ͯ  Ե Ҷ    ʾھ ˹ڵ 
        Ԥڤ Ҿ      ี  Եڵ 
     ڶ ͯҵ ص¤Ҷ ҷ  ҷչصڵ ͯ 
ҵ   Ԥڤҵ ͯ ҹ  
ี  Եڵ Ҹ ͵  Ե Ǩ 
      ص ʵ ͡ҷ Ҷ
          ͵        
        ک  Ҷ          ⹵ 
ڶ کڵ ö ҵ Ҷ    
⹵  Ҷ ҹ ǵڶء ʡ 
    Ҷ  ͵ڵ ʹ
ҹ Ծھ Ҫҵ 
     Ҫ  ڵ Ե ʵڵ dz೹
ҹҶ
         ǵ ҳ     ʾھšԷ ع
          ءڢ        Ԫҹҵ ڱ 
ڶ ءڢԹڵ ʡǯگءڢ  Ԫҹҵյ Ԫҹ
ԨکԹڷԵ حڨԵ õյ ⾸ʵڵ dz೹  
     ⾸ʵ Ҫ ͻڻ ص  ҵ Ҫҹ
ǷԵ ҡʹ ǹڵ ڵ Իھڪ ھԵ
ǵء   ǵ šٻ  
     ʵڶ  ʹ Ե  ԡڢ ؾྻ
͵  ʡԹڵ ǵ ҵ  
Ҫ    ڱԵҳ   ҵ 
                    ҵ صڶ 
                    ---------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=40&A=2126 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=40&A=2126 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=27&i=1637 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=27&A=6485 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=27&A=6707 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=27&A=6707 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_27

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com