͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. ʵ-ڵ

˹ҷ .

ªҵ Ԫڪյ Է ʵڶ વ ù ʶ þ ʵڶ Ҹ ػʡ ʶ ػʹ ҳڱԵ Ҥڻڵ ʶ ҵ ǵ Ҩ ͵յ ͵ ͧڤï ͧڤ Ҫ êڪ ͧڤïҹ ͹ڵ ڻ ڶ Ҥǹ ҤҪ êڪ Ҩ Ҫ ͧڤï Ҩ ͧڤҪ ï ඡ Ҫ ͧह ʷڸ تڬԵ طڸҪ ¹ ͧڤí ͹ؾڸ ع ڻҹ ˵ ó Ե µ ʷڸ ͵ ҤҪ ͹ط õڱ ๵ һ һҹ ǵ í ʷڸ ط تڪԵ Ҥí ͵õ ҤҪ ŧڡµڵ Ҫҹ ػڻ෵ ʹ د Ҫҵ Ҫҹ ͵ڵ ŧ շ໵ ط تڪó بک Ҫ ¶ٵ Ͷ Ҫ

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˹ڵ Թڹ ïҹ ԡ յ ʵ ʵڵ ˹ڵ ͹Ե ͯ હ ʷڸ Ҥǹ ԡڢ Ҫ ҤҪҹǹ ͧڤҪҹ ˵ Ե ໵ ï êڪ í ҤҪ Ҫ ͹Ǩک ڻҹյ õڱ õ ˹൹ Ԩڨह Ҥí ԡ ʻ ˹൹ ù Ҥǹ ԡڢԵ ԡ ڻԨک Ҫ Ҥí ڻڵ ࡵ ⾸ʵ Էڷ Ծھ൵ Ҫ ʷڸ յ ڵ ҤҪ ڻڵ ػڻ෵ ڶ ҹ áڢԵ ¹ҤҪ š ʵڵ Ե ʹ Ԥ ¹ԯ Ծھڵ dzڳ ˹ڵ Իڻ ص Źʹ෹ ʤ ⡯ Ե èکҹ¹ ʹڸ ൹ҵ ó Եڵ ػڻ Ͷ Ҥҳԡ ҹ ʵ Ծھ ʵյ ʹҤҳԡҹ ʭ ͡ ʾھ ҹҵ˵ڶ Ҥڵ ػ Ҥǹ ʡڡǹ óԵڵ

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Ի ʻڻ ԪԵ ʾھŧڡûڱ ¹ԯ շ Ͷ ڶ Ҥêڪ ù ͻ Իڻ ص èکҹ¹ ʶ Ե بڨԵ ʻ ڵ ʨڨҹ ԪڬԵ ءڢʹڵ յ Թ൵ ʶ õ ŧڡҤҳԡ ʹڵԡ کڵ ¹ Ԫڪ ҷ ԡڢԵ ҹ ک û کڵ Ԫڪ Թ Ҥǹ ԡڢԵ š ڵ ʶ Ե ǯگյ ʶ Ҥǹ ԡڢԵ ͡ ڨڵ Է ڤ ԡڶ ҷ ͵ڶԡ ˹ڵ ʻڻ ҵء ùڵٵ ҹ ʪવ تԵ Ի ʶ ʵ کڵ Ҥکڵ ڸҷ ٪Ե ڡڵ ڨڵ ڵ ҹ ҤҪҵ ػ ڱ ڵ ء ͡Ե ڸҷ ٪ ʵ շԵ ٪ صڵ ඹڵ յ ඹڵ ʵ⵻ ʶ ù ҵطڷջڳ

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ԡڶ ԻڪԵ үԻ Ҥǹ ک ʶ ùڵ ͷڸ յǵ Ͷ ͡ ͤڤ š ڵ ʶ ػ ʧ ʻڻ ػڻ Ͷ ¹ Ե൹ Ҩԡڢյ Ͷ ʵ ڤ⻡ڢó ๵ ⡨ Ե ʵ ⻡ڢó ط ʵ ػ ʵ ط ڡدʵ Եسڱ ʵ ط Եdzڳ ʵյ ճ Եڵҹ ҨԡڢԵ ҵطڷʶ ͸ԯ Ҥǹ ԡڢԵ ڶ ڵ ԡڶ Իڪ ԡ ê ʵ ڶ õڵھळڱ ҵ ⾸ʵڵ ڤʻڻҳ Էڵҵ ػڻҳ ʧڢŪҵ ⷳ͡ԡǻڻҳ ҳ ҳ ڡ ڵ һڢҨ ʹڵ ¹ڵ ؤڤԵ ൹ ह ͵ڵ ک ʵڵ ʻڻ ˵ ԤҪҹ ໹ ػڻյ Թ൵ Ծʸҹ ˵ Ծھڵ ǵ൵ ʵڵ ʹڵԡ ͤ Ծھڵص ʵڵ

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ڵҡڻʹ ڶ Ԣù ڶ ʵ ڵ ءڢԻԵ ࡹ Եسڱԡ Թ ˹ڵ ʨ تڬԵ ҵ ʪ ͵ د Իڻʵ Ͷ ڱ ʵ յ ͡ڢչ Ե ڵ Եسڱԡ ʸ ҷԵ ڵ ǵ൵ ʵڵ ͡ڢԻ ʸҹڨ ڵ ҹǹ ̹ دد ⼯ҹ دҹ Ͷ ڤد ˵ ҡڲԵ զ Իڪ໵ ͪ౹ ػڻ̹ ؾھ ˵ Իڻ ʵ آ Ͷ ͡ڢԻԵ ʸڵ Թڷ آ Ե ʵ ͵ڵ ¹ ٻ ءڢ ͸ʹ ͡ڢչ ŵ šڵ ʻ ҤҪҹ ؾھ յ ڤد ͯչ سڳ ʡ ڷԵ گ ڵڪ ڪ ڤد ˵ ⻶ ʵڵ ʡ ԵڢԵ Ƿ ͸ Ͷ ؾھ Ե ڶ ڢԻԵ ڨڵ ๵ Ҫ ҷ dz

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ǯگҷ ʳ ͳҷ Ԩک ʵ ڨ ʵ õ Ҫ շԵ ͷ ͡ һ ʤڦ ԡڢ ҷ Ե ʪյ Թ Ե ڨڵ ͵ڵ ŷڸ ҪҪڵҹ ʹڵ ظ յ ʡڨ آҹڨ ˵ ʡ ԡڢ ໵ آҹ Թ ˹൹ ù ʵڵ Ԥҷ ໹ ҳ ؤڤʹ í ʹڵ ໵ ʪյ ͤ ڱ õ Ҥí ෵ ҤҪ عڻع ʵ ҷյ ҷ Ͷ ͷ ʵ ʨ ⤨ ͹ ó ʵյ ൻ ҷ ʵ൹ ҳ ä ໹ ظ Ҫһ ໵ ҡ յ Ҹ ڳ ҡ յ Ҫ ҤҪ Ҫڤ ڨʵ Ҫ ʹڹԻԵ ʵٵ ԭڨ໵ ع Ҫڤ ŧڡ໵ õ ʵڵ ๵ Եڵڶ ໵ շ Ҫһ ҷ Ҫ Ҫ

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շ ʵڵ Ե ڨ Ҫ ʡǹ ʳõ ʡ⡹ڵ ءࢻʵҹ ǵ൹ڵ ⾸ʵڵ ػ ʵڵõ Ե ڻ ͵ڵ ͵Ԩµ Էҹ Ը ͹Ҥکڵ ڻس Թڹ óڵ ڵ ⻡ڢó ࡹڵ Եdzڳ ط Եسڱࡹ ʵյ Ҥǹ ԡڢԵ ԡʹڵԡ ڵ ʵڵ Եҹڨ Եҹڨ ÷Ե ڷԵ ڨڵ ڵ بکԵ صڵ ص ҳ ڵ Ҫ ҡ ÷ҹ ͯ ʵ ڨ ҡ ࡹ Ūڪ Ե Իڪ Ҫ ԯ Թڹ óڵ ⵨⵨ ࡹ ҡ Ե Ҷ Ԫڪ ʸ á ǵ ڸھ ҹյ ڶ ҹյ ˹ڵ ҹյ ǵ ڸھ Ե ǯگյ Էҹ ǨǨҶ ˹ڵ ڸھ Ҫ ҹ Ҥ ڷ ͵ඹ ԸҤ

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ԾڵԵڵ ػԵԹڷ ๵ Ԥ ǹڵ Թ ڶҹ ԸҤ ֦ ؤڤ ⤵ ⤵ ڤ ԡ ڸ حڨ ٻ ˵ڶڶҤک ǹԾھ ͡ڢ Ҥ ڶ Ԫ յҤ ٻ ڨ ͻ áڡ õյ ڶ ͵ඹյ ͡ó Ԩڨ ԸҤ ػԵԹڷҵ ԯԹڷ Ԥҵ ؾԹڷئ ⤵ ٵ ⤵ Ҫ ڤ ʵ ҤҪҹ ԡڶ ͤڤ ǹԾھҵ ǹԾھ ҹ

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˵ڶڶ Ҥ⵵ بک ڨҵ ڨŸ ʶʸڨ ù õ Թ ʹ ⵻ ʨ ػ ҵ ʪ د Իڻʵ Ԫڪʵյ ¹ áڡ ءڢ ͸ʵ õ õյ Ҫ Թ ⵵ بک Ͷ Ҩԡڢڵ Ҷ ҵطڷ ڳ Ҫ ػڻ ҤҪ ڤ ԡ ڸ حڨ ʵ ڶ ػڻඵ ءڡڤ ʹڹ ͡ çڤڹҤ ͸ԯҹ ͸ԯԵ ʶ ʹ Իڪյ ͵ ڸҵ ԡ سǹڵ ҤҪҹ ͵ ̾ڸ حڨҵ ǭڨ ǵ ع Ҩڵ Ҷ Եڶҹ صڵԡسڱ һ ó ʹ ԡࢹ ൹

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ʯ ҵ حڶ حڨ ڸҵ ڶ Եڶҹյ Էڷ⤵ Եڶ ͵ ͵ڵ ʾھŧڡûڱԵ Եڶ ڻڵ ͻڻҳҵ ʵ ҵ طک ط ڶ ¹ ʯµ ʯ ص ҵٵ õ Ͷ Ҫ Ҷ ʹ ԡࢹ ൹ ʯ ҵ حڶ حڨ ڸ ԡڢʵ طڷ ŭڨ ԡسڱ ʭڨ ŧڡ ûػڼʹڹ ҷ ڨ ʵ ʯ ҵ حڶ حڨ ڸҵ ڶ طڷҵ Ҫ ä ਵ Եسڱԡ ൵ ҵھ ¸ ʹ Ҷ ˯ صڵڶ

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Ͷ طڷ Թһ ҹ Ǩ Թڷ ح ä ڸ ʯ ҵ حڶ حڨ ڸҵ ڶ Ǩڵ Ҫ Թһ ๹ Ǩ ҡ ح ڵ حڨ ͵ڵ Ƿ ǭڨ ǵ ʵڵ ҤҪ ԡڢԵ ػڼڵ Ե ͵ڵ ԪԵ ҳǡdz೹ ŧڡ ص ԹڷԵ ԡڢ ͯ ҡ ͵Ե ʹڵ Ե ҤҪ ͭڪ ڤ Ҫҹ ͯ ڶ ʹ ʵڶ Ҷ ص Ҫҹ ͵ Ҫڶ DZڲ ͭڪ ڤ ʹ ͷڸ ؾھ ҹ ҹ Ҩ ͵ڶ Ҥ ʹҹյ

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ڶ ʹڵ ʹ ¹Ҥǹ Եھصڵ ʵء ʾ ڵ Թڷҵ Ƿ ؾھʹڵ ؾھʹ ҵ Ҩ ʹҹ ͻԨ ʷڷյ Ƿ Ͷ ʷڷ໵ ʻ ù ʵ Ҷ ਻ ʾھ ʵ Ҫ ط ǵ ٵ عڸ بڨ ؾھ Ҫ ¹ڵ ڶ ǵ ٵ عڸҵ ٵҵ عڸҵ һ ŭڪ ǵ ؾھ˵ ػھ د ҳسڳ ҡ ؾھ ڢ ʵ൹ ص ʷڷ˹ ع Ҷ ǵ

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ͷڸ ؾھ ҹ ҹ Ҩ ͵ڶ Ҥ ʹҹյ س ҹԵ ʷڷԵ صڵ صڵ ҹյ ʹ Ե Ҷ ⢵ڶ ൪ Իڻ⡻ ˶ ó ڸ ص ҹԵ ҹյ ڶ ҵ ҹԵǵ ҹԵ Ͷ ʷڷ໵ ع ʻ ù ʵ Ҷ ڨ ԡ ҵŵڶ ԭڨ ó ໵ ҷ ๵ ڶ ڨڵ ڨ ڵ سá ҷ ҹҵ ˵ٵ Ƿ Ͷ Ҫ ʷڷԵ ص ù Ҷ ʨڨڻԭ ˵ ͡⡸ ͹ٻ

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ʾھڨ Ҥ ػڳ ͤڤ Ǫڪ¹ڵٵ ڶ ˵ٵ ԭ ʨڨ ˵ ͤڤ Ǫڪ¹ڵٵ ¶ ˡ ʹڵһ ͹Ԩکڵ ҹ ͤڤ Ǫڪ¹ڵ Ǫڪ¹ڵ ùڵ ʵ⵻ í ص ù Ե Ҷ ͹ءڻ Ҥ Թڷ ҵ ¶ ػڻ ͡صڵ ˭ڨ ҤŹ ʷڸ ǯԡ ùڵ ص Ҫ Ҥǹ ڵء ʹҤʪڪ ҵ ҳ໹ Ҷ હڵ Ҫ بԵ ⾪ ʵ ط હڵ dzڳڻ Ҥ ʹҹյ ڶ ⾪ ʵ ط൵ ԡڢ ⾪ï ʵ હڵ Ե ھطڸҶ طԧڤ ʧڢ Ǫڪ ؤڤʹí

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Ҫ áڢ Ԥ ଵ ڶ ⹵ ԡڢ ҳҪ áڢ դ ҳ Ҥǹ ک ͵ ԡڢ ʵ ͵ڵ ҹǹ Ҥǹ ʾھõ»ҡíڨ ïگ ҹ Ҥǹڤ ŧڡµڵ Ҫ ʻ ൹ ह Ҥǹ Ե Ҥڨ ͷڷ ڶ ʹ ʵڶ dzڳԵڵ ͷڷڢ DZڲ dzڳ ¼šڶ Ҫ ʹ ҷԨڨdzڳٻ Ԫڪٻ ҹء ʭکڹ ҹҤڸԵ ǡڢ Ҫ ʹ ԯ í Ծھ Ǫڪ Ҥ ڨ Ҥ Ե ೹ ͹ Ҫ ʹ

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շ dzڳ һ ڷԵ൵ ڶ dzڳԵڵڵ dzڳء ʹڶ ˹ڵ ŧڡҤǹ ҵ Ҥǹ Ե ¹ҤҪ ʹ Ԫڪٻùڵ dzڳʵԪڪ ҹ ҹҤڸԵڵ ҹ Ծھ ͹ʭڨԵ Ե ೹ҵ ʹ Ҥҹ ೹ Ե ͹بԵ ڷԵ൵ Ծھèڷ๹ ͹Ե ڶ Թڹڵ ҹڤڻڹԾھ ػ ʹڹ Եڶҹ Ҫ ʵڵڵ ʻ Ծھڹҹҷչ حڪԵ Ծ Ե آ Թ ʵڵ dz೵ ҤҪ ٻ ڻڵ ԡڶ ԻڪԵ ʶ յ بک ʻ ڶ ʹ ʵڶ ڶ ص Ե ¡ Ҫ Ǩ ҹʯҹ ҹ ҷԨڨdzڳҹ ҹ

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๵ҷ ͵ڶ ڶ Ҥ ھءø ǵڶ ǯگڤ ھٻڹ ڤ ¹ڵ dzڳ ๵ҷ ͵ڶ ڶ Ҥ ضک ҷʡعڵط صԵڶ ๵ҷ ͵ڶ ڶ Ҥ ⡭ڨ Ǥڤ ⡡ ڻڵ ๵ҷ ͵ڶ ڶ Ҥ ھ š ھ طڷš ү ๵ҷ ͵ڶ ڶ Ҥ ⻡ڢí ڵ Ծ ڸ ʵ ڻ¹ڵ

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๵ҷ ͵ڶ ڶ Ҥ صڵ˵ ˵ һ Թڷ ˵ ¹ Իڶ áڡ յ ڶ ҵ ʹҤ ʹڸ ھءøҵ dzڳó ǯگڤյ ŧڡʷǯگڤ ھٻڹҵ õ ˵ڶҷ ڹҤ ¹ڵյ Ծھҹ ءڢԻԵ ¹ڵ ضکҵ ضŻ ҹ ڹҤ ҷʡعڵطҵ ҷʧڢ ʡ ط صԵڶҵ عڷõԵڶ ҵ Ծھ ڻڵյ ح ǹڵ ءڢ ءڢ ڻڵ Ծ ڸҵ ⻡ڢó ʵ Ծ ڸ ¹ڵ Իڶ⹵ ڶ¹ Ԩ ҵ ൹ ೹ áڡ ڤ˵ ʶ ʶ ػյ ص Ҫ ʵڵ ص ù Ҷ Ե ˵ڵ ŧڡ ڻԵ

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Եڷ๹ ڸھҪ ԷڸԻ ҹ ʾ ڤ بک Ҥ ڶ ࡹ ⡵ ڶ ⵵ Ե Ͷ Ҩԡڢ ҤҪ Թڷ ҭ š طڸ Ԫڪ ˭ڨ ŷڸҹ ¹ ҵó ͹ڵڵ ڶ طڸ ҵ Ҫ ͭ š Ծھҹʧڢҵ طڸ ڶ ͹ڵڵ ¹ ŷڸ ҵԪó ͹ڵ յ յ ص Ҫ Ҷ ͷڸ Եھ ʻ ص ҹԹڵ ҹ ǭڨ Ҥ حҹ ͹ڻҹյ

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ڶ ҵ Ҥ ǭڨ ػحҹ յ Ƿ Ͷ ҤҪ ͷڸ Եھ ʻ ص ҹԹڵ ҹ ڨ Ҫ حҹ ͹ڻҹյ ڶ յ Ҫҵ ص ؤڤ ڵء ص ҤҪ ҵ һبک Ͷ ʵ ൹ Ҫ ǷԨک յ ʹ Էڨ ҵٻ ٵ dzڳ ڵ Ե dzڳҹ ٻ ҡ ùڵ صڵҹڨ ҹ ڨ ҹ Ե ͹ൻ ʹڶùڵ ԡڡڷ Ե ê

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͵ҷ Ҫʯ ҹʯ ҹ ҳ Էڸ յ êڪڨ ҵ ڶ յ Żڻҳ dzڳҹյ dzڳҹ ԡڡڷҵ ʹ ͹ൻ ԡڡڷ ê ʵ ͵ҷʹڵ ٻ dzڳ ê ҡ صڵʹڶ Ҥ յڵ յ ҳԹ ҵ Ҫ ص ͸ ʵ Ҥ ԭڨ໵ ʾ Ҫ ǷԨک ídzڳҷԡ ˹ڵٵ í ʡ Ҫ ˹൹ ʹ Ҥǹ ԡڢԵ ҳ ھٷջ í ҵ ʵڶ ʹ Ե ҳڱԵ Ҥڻڵ ʶ ٵ ǵ ҵ Եسڱ Ƿ ҵ ؤڤ ջص ¹ҤҪ ҵ ªҵ ԯԵ --------------


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=41&A=2270&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=41&A=2270&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=27&i=2180 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=27&A=8706 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=27&A=9223 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=27&A=9223 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_27

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com