͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ .. (ʷڸ.)

                   -. ʾھصҳԷdzڳ
     [] ʾھصҳԷ  Ҥ ʾھصҳڵ
بکԵ ൹ ԡڵ   ͹óҳ Էڷԯ.  
@ԧö:  .. //   . Ծھҹ๹
͹óҳ   ͵ڶ, ͡ ˵ ҳ ҡ Ǹ
بڨ ʷڸԹڷʷڸҾҷչ . ʾھصҳ  ڶ ͵
óڵ, ࡹ , ؤڤŹ  ó ҵ ʡڡµ
͹óڵ بڨ ǪڪڻԾڸڵ ʾھҹ. ͭ  ǪڪԵһ
 ҹڵ. ࡨ  "ԭҳ  ʾھԡڵ - ʾھصҳ.
 ҳ ԹڷǪ   ͻڻ˵ڵ ͹óҳ.
͹ػؾھʾھصһԡ ʾھصҳ, ʡ ʾھصһԡ
͹óҳ,  ʾھصҳһ ʾھٵ بڨ, 
 ͹ػؾھʾھ. ͹óҳһ ʾھ بڨ,  
ʡ ʾھٵ.
     ʾھ ʧڢʧڢ ͹ ҹҵյ ͵ڶ ʾھڵ ҵʹ
ʾھҹ ʻҷҹ. ͹ʹڵ ࡡ  ʾھҡʹ
ʻҷҹ. ʧڢʧڢڵ Ը ʹ. ʧڢ  -  ,
ʧڢ  . ڨ ʧڤ ڵ ʧڢ ڸڨ.  
ʧڢڵ ʧڢ Ծھҹ. ʧڢ ͹Ԩڨءڢҹڵҷ ҡ ͹
ҹҵ, ʧڢ حҹԵڵͻڻԵҷ ҡ ͹ ҹҵ. ڶ
͵ ʧڢ ʧڢ  ʵ ͹. ʧڢ ʧڢڨ.
๡һ ڵ ڨ ͡ڵ ʧڢڢ . ʾھصҳ 
ʾھһ ڵ ๡ ҹҵ. Ͷ  ʾھڵ ʾھڤ˳.
͹ʹڵ Իڻʤڤ˳. ڶ ó ڶյ ڶ 
͹ ʧڢʧڢ ʧڤڵ ʾھصҳ ó ڶյ 
ʾھصҳ ͹óҳ ҵ ͵.
@ԧö:  . ʾھԡڵ   . ʧڢڵ
     [] Էҹ ๡ ʵ ͵յڵҷ. ڶ ͵յ
͹Ҥ ڨػڻڹڵ  Ե. ڢح ٻ ҵҷ
ǵڶ.   ʾھڵ -  ڢٻҹ ͹ʻҷҹ. 
. ǵҵ ͹ʻҷҹ. ͹Ԩڨڵҷ šڢ
Ե. ͹Ԩڨڵ  ͹Ԩڨҡ. ڨڵ -  ػ¤Ǩ.  
ͷ. ٻҵҷ ڸ Ե. ڢ  óҵ
˯ صڵŹ¹ વھ. ԭҵҷ ˯ صڵҳ.
ԭڵҷ Ԫҹ.   ͷ. ڸҹ ڸڵҷ
˯ صڵ ǷԵھ.  ҷ ŵڵԡʹ . Ǩ
ҷ ʹ. µڶһ "ʾ ҹҵ" Ǩ عڷ.
͡Ǩ Եڵ  ⻵ڶ ͡Ǩ๹ ԢԵ. ءڢҵҷ
طڷʹڹ طڸҳҹ . Թڷ»ûµ ҳڵҷչ ڵ
ҳҹ ǵ ʾھصҳ   صڵڵ ? بڨҹ
ʾھصҳڵ.   ʾھص بڨ  ҳ
 ǵڵھ ˵, ʾھصҳ  ʾھصҳ  ˵.
     ع ̡صڵڵҷ - صڵ ʾھصҳ ʹ
ǵ ǡ šҵҷ. ڶ   ǡ.  ù
á.  ع ʾ š.  
.    . ҵڵ ҵ
ʵڵš Ǩ. ڶ ǡǨ๹ ڨǨǤڤ˳,
áǨ๹ ǨǤڤ˳, ʾǨ๹ ԡҷԾڤ˳,
Ǩ๹ ʹ ڨڶԡڨԵڵڤ˳
@ԧö:  . ͵ ʾھڵ   . ڨ   ͧ.ءڡ. //
ԵһԵһڤ˳ڨ, Ǩ๹ ʵڵšڤ˳,
Ǩ๹ صʤڤ˳ ǷԵھ. ڶ  
͡,  ʹ ʵڵ ⵵ ǷԵ.
     ͻ :- ǡڤ೹ ٻǨ ,
áڤ೹ Ҩ, ʾڤ೹ ٻǨþ,
ҷԤڤ೹ ػʹ, ص   ,
ʵڵ .
     ͻਵڶ ǡǨ๹ ءڡԨ੷ ʾھʻ š
ԯҷԪҹ ี.    " ҹ Ǩ
ǵڵ,  һ ԯҷ ҹҵ",   Ը "á" .
   " ҹ ͡ڤ ͡ ڡ š
õ,    ͧڤ  ڡ š õ, ͹صڵíڨ
ҹһڵآ ෵,  һ ԯҷ ҹҵ",  
Ը "ʾ" .    "ض 
ʹڨڶԡ,  ڻ ԯҷ ҹҵ",   Ը
" " .  ءڡҹ - ԯҷԪҹ
ʵ Ͷ    ػҷ ءڡԨ੷ʹ
ʵڵš ԯҷԪҹ ʵ. ڶ ͹ʹڸԡڡ.
ҳ :- ǡҵ ǵ ʷڸ š.
áҵ ù ʷڸ š. ʾҵ 
ʷڸ š.  ʾྻ ٻ ʵ ҡ 
 ڢԻԵ ع ҡ ҷҵ  
@ԧö:  .. /, .. /
ҵ صڵ.  ڨ  ൹ ൹ ҡù ൸ҵء
ҷԹڹ ˵յ.
     ԯڵ ٻµ. صڵ ʷڷµ. صڵ  ˵ھ
ڸµ µ ⼯ھµ. ԭҵڵ آءڢҷԸ.
ڵڵ Ե  ͻԵ  ڵ. Եڵ ڵ 
ͻڻڵ  Ե. ͹ԨԵ ҵ Ե൹ ͹ʭڨԵ. ʾھ
ҹҵյ Թ ͵ ʵ:-  ͻҳ šҵ  ǡ
š " յ"ҷ - ٻ ڢط һҶ Ҥک,  ʵ
    ٻ      ڬ
 ⵵  ʾھ Ҥ ʾھصҳ ҹҵ.   ͻҳ
šҵ  ǡ š "ʷ طԧڤʷ"ҷ - ʷڷ
ʵ һҶ Ҥک, "Ť "ҷ - ڸ ҹ
һҶ Ҥک, " ڸ"ҷ -  ҷ һҶ
Ҥک, "ڢ طء"ҷ - ոҵ⪸ҵ¸ҵ
⼯ھ · һҶ Ҥک,  ʵ    
⼯ھ Ե     ڬ  ⵵  ʾھ
Ҥ ʾھصҳ ҹҵ.   ͻҳ šҵ  ǡ
š آءڢҷ  ⹷ һҶ Ҥک,  ʵ
     ԪҹԵ     ڬ
 ⵵  ʾھ Ҥ ʾھصҳ ҹҵ.   Ҫ
Ե ͻڻڵڻ ͵ڶ, Ե ڵڻ ͵ڶ. ͻԵ
@ԧö:  .. //   .. //
@ .. //   .. //   .. //
ͻڻڵڻ ͵ڶ, ͻԵ ڵڻ ͵ڶ. ʾھ Ҥ
ʾھص೹ ͻڻڵ  ڶյ.
     [] ع ͻù ¹ ʾھصҳҸڶ - 
ҵ Ҷ. ڶ   ͷڷԯԸڶ ԭڨյ  Ҥ
Ը  ൸ҵ ,  ڨػڻڹ  Ҩڢع ͷڷԯ
 ԭڨ ͻڻڵڻ  ͵ڶ  Ԫڪ. ͵ڶյ Է ǵڵҹԡ
Ңҵ. Թ ڨػڻڹԡ ʾھ ҵ ʵ.
ҶҾڸآڶ ๵ڶ  ص.  ԭҵڵ ͵ڶ Ե
Ǩ⹻ҷ Ի. ԭҵڵ ͵յԡ ԭҵ  ԭڨ ҵ.
յ . ;ٵ ͵ڶʷڷ   Թһ تڪ.
Թ ͵յԡ ʾھ ҵ ʵ, ͪҹԵھڵ ͹Ҥԡ
ͪҹԵھ  ҵ  ʵ, ڶ . Թ ͹Ҥԡ
ʾھ ҵ ʵ. ҹʹڵ  ͵ڶ ͡.
ʾھ ԭ ·ڶ ¹ڵ ͵ڶ  ൡԡ  صڵ  
ҹԵھ ԭڨ ҵ ͵ڶ,  ʾھ Ҥ ԭ ͸ࡹ
ʾھص೹ ҹ Ԫڬ. ͵ڶ ͵ڶʷ෹ ൡԡ صڵ
 ˳ - ͵ڶʷ ; . Ҥ ൹ ڵڢٵ
ʹ ͡ʹ  Իڻʵڵ ڵ ʾھ ǵڵ ҳڢ -
ҵ ڵڢ. ൹ ¶ص൹ ೹ Ҥ ڵڢ, ʾھٵ
صڵ ˵.  Ҷ ؤڤҸԯҹ ʹ ʾھصҳ ҸԵ.
     ع طڸҳҹ ʹ ʾھصҳ ʵء ڵڢٵ
ࡹ ڵڢٵҷ. ڶ Ҷ ڵڢٵ صڵ  
@ԧö:  . ʾھصǷʹڶ   . ˳   . ǵڵҳڢ
ڵڢ,  ࡹ ڵڢٵ ͵. ͵  ǵ ءڢ
ءڢҷ ص ˵. ʾھصҳ  ڵڢ. ¶
"ڵڢ بڨ ʾھصҳ" -  ʾھصҳ ص
ڵڢد - ص ˵յ. طڸ ҳҹյ طڸҳҹ. ء
ҳҷչԻ  ʾھҡù طڸ  ǵڵڵ, Ե 
͡ ǵڵڵ. ǡҸóҹյ  ͡ʹһ ͵ڶԵ ʹڸ
صڵ. ʾ ⵵ ʾ . ͭ ءڢ ڶյ صڵ
͵ڶ ู ǵ. ʾ ԯ   ҵ, Ͷ 
ڢع ԯ  . ʾ Է⵵   ԯ, Ͷ 
ҡ. ʾ ʨکԡ⵵   Է, Ͷ  ڶ ҳڻʹ
ڨڢա. ʾ ⵵   ʨکԡ, Ͷ 
عڻع ¶ب طҨʹ د. Ͷ   šڢʹ.
ԯ šڢʹ. Է ʹ. ʨکԡ ڨػҹʹ. 
ҹʹ. Ͷ   ҳػڻҷʹ. ԯ ڢػڻҷʹ. Է
ػڻҷʹ. ʨکԡ Ԫڪػڻҷʹ.  šػڻҷʹ. "ǵ
ءڢ ءڢ, ʾ ԯ, ͷԯ ءڢ ڶ"ҷԹ ¹ 
"ǵ ǡ š  ͹ԨԵ , ʾھ ҵ, ͭҵ
ڶ"ҷԹ ¹  Եڶ ǷԵ.  صڵҶҹԤʹ ع
صڵ. Ԥ   ҳԤڻ  ˵յ.
                   ʾھصҳԷdzڳ ԯԵ.
                 ʷڸڻԹ Էڤ
                       ҳdzڳ ԯԵ.
@ԧö:  .. //   . ڵڢ͵



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=48&A=905 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=48&A=905 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=31&i=286 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=31&A=3248 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=31&A=3806 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=31&A=3806 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_31

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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