͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ ͻ.. (طڸ.)

                /. . ҡڻԹһҹdzڳ
     صڵ  ⹵ҷԡ  ҡڻԹ ͻҹ.
ڻ ط Ҹԡ ڶ ڶ  ǯگٻҹ حҹ
ػԹ صڵ   ǵչ  Ծھ
ԭص  ʵڶ ʹڵ ʹ س ʵڶ ͡ ԡڢ
ҷҹ ͤڤ Ե  ͸ԡá   ҹڵ .
      ڶ Ǫ    ù ҳ
Է ͡ ʡä યʡ Ծھ  ڵ
ਡطڸ ǹ ͯ  Ե  ڵ  
@ԧö:  ͧ.͡. //.
ʹڵ.  ͡ ҳ Է ͵Ե "ʹʹ óڶ
˵ڶ Ҩ" í ʹڵԡ ͯ ਡط Գ.  
í ǻڻڤ .  "ਡطڸ  Ҥ" ص ԡڢԵ
Ҥó بکԵ "ͪڪ  ͡ ڶ  ҡ ǻڻڤ,
· " ǵ ਡط ͹൵ . ਡطڸ
"ͭ  " ڡ.
       યʡ  ࡹ ó¹ ҳ
کڵ  ਡط  ǹڷԵ "   
Ҥ" بک.  ҷ  .  ص ʷڸڻڹ
طڸڻڹ Եڶ "  ҡ ԡڢ ˶" .
ء  Թյ. Եڵ ൵. ڵ Թյ. " 
  ڵ ,  ࡡ ԡڢ ʵ, ԡڢ
͸ʶ,   ʹҹ " . ਡطڸ
͸.
       Ե ؤ "ҵ   ਡط
 , ҹ շҹ Է˶, Ҥڵҷչ ڻ෶"
 ڱ ໵ ʹҹ ໵ ع ਡط
շ໵ ൹ ҷ¹ ¹ Ե ڵԨڨ
  ʾھ Եڶ ҷ  ʷڸ ਡط ǹڷԵ
 ʹڶ ԭ Ե ع  ؤ "ҵ
ࡡ ࡡ Լҷչ ˵ í Ե ھ
Ե ҹ ʹҹ õ".   Ǩ ص
 ࡡ  ʷڸ õڵԷү ڳ ԯ໵
͵ڵ ͵ڵ ڳ ػ ਡطڸ " ʡڡڨ ػ,
 ʡڡڨ ػ" ǵ ػ.  د "͵ڵ
͵ڵ ڳ دҹ ਡطڸҹ ү ʪશ"
ҷ໵ ࡡ   . ਡطڸ د
͹  ڡ. ⹻ Է ح   
ǵ ԾھڵԵ ǵ  .
      ڶ Ծھڻڵ ͹Ե ʻھطڸ دھԡ
Ծھڵ. ؾ યʡ યدھԡ ص .
һ ͡ યدھԡ յ . ҹ 
ʡدھԡҹ յ ,  ʾھһ »ڻڵ á کڵ
  ҹ ͤ. ඡ   ʧڦد
"ʵڶ  ʵ" ص  ʾྻ دھԡ " "
 ʷڸ  ͤ.  ڬ ԯڢ  . 
ٻ  ҵҷ  ͵ڶ,   dzҷչ . -
  ٻҹ ڶԵ ڶ Ե ˹ڵ 
ͯ. Ͷ  યدھ  "ʶ  ҡ Իڻ,
Żص  ͵ڵࡹ ŪڪԵ صڵ".   ҵ. 
ԡҹ ǹ  Իڻ ڵ, ʾ,  Ե dz
ҵ. "Ҹ " ય  ͷ.  ڨ ڨ
ʵҹ. Եڶ ͱڲҹ ͱڲҹ ʵҹ.    Ե
ʡٯҤû ʵڶ ʹڶ һdz  . ǡ
˹ڵ  ͻڻ˹ ؾ Թڹ ع ػڲٻڲ ͷ.
@ԧö:  . ʪ ٻҹ ҵҹ ҷչ dzҷչ .
ԯ   ùڵ طڸڻآ ԡڢ ʵڵ
ҷҹ  ʵ ԡڢҹ ҹ ʪڪ.
     યدھԡ   ͵ڵ  Ե   
͡ ͵á  "ʵڶ " ⹪ػڼdz೹ Ź
үࡹ ʷڸ ⹪ػڼ⡯ ˵ ʵڶ ⹪ػ વ
 ү ʵڶ ҷ ໵ " ԾھڵԾھڵ ⹪ػڼ-
dzڳ   ˵, ⹪   ˵" ڶ ͡.
ʵڶ " ˵" ͹ ͡.  ʾྻ ǵء  
ص  Ծھڵ.   طڸػڻ š Ե ય
ءڡدǵչ Ҫ ԾھڵԵ ԭص  ҡڻԹҪ 
.  ڨ Ծھڵ. ય  ڷï ҡŹ
Ҫ Ծھڵ ⹪ػڼdzڳ  , ൹ ⹪
 ͡,  »ڻڵ ҡڻԹí  ڵ ⹪յ
ҡ .
     Եڶ» ڨ ԾھڵԵ »ڻڵ  ڨصڵҹ
ҹ ͤ.  ʾྻ í ڻڵʷ ڻڵ ͹. · 
Ҫ ŧڡûڱ ˵ڶ Ե Ԩõ, һ   Ԩùڵ.
 ʹ  ඹ  Ԩù ൻ  Ԩùڵ.   ͡
ص ҹ حҹ Ź ͡ ڻڵ ͹. í  ,
, - ػ, ػڼ, ػ⵵   ˹ڵ. 
Ҫ ػڵ   ˵, Ե ڵ  ҹ
@ԧö:  , , / ().
ʹóڶ ͷ. Ҫ   વ "ک  
 ճ  ªҹ ԳڱԵ طڸ     
ػڻڹ ص  آʹ ਸ਼" .   
ԡڢԵ  ճ ªҹ ԳڱԵ ԭڨ ʹ Ե
ڨҤ.
     ඡ Ҫ ػڵ Ե ڨʻ ҹ
ک Źڵ ڨʵ ҳԪ  ʹ  "
ͷڸҹŹڵ, ͷڸ  ʹڵԡ ͡ ڷ ʹ " 
໵ " Ҥڶ" بک. ͵ڶ   ʵªʵڶ
ǵڶ  ,  Ҥҵ. ͵ڶ    ԭڨ ʹ
ػڻڹڵ.  ͭ ԭڨ ڶ, ھط ػڻ⹵. Ҫ
 ǻյ د ԭڨ šࢵ ʡ⡹ صڵ յԹ
ع "ҵ  ෶" بک. "ط  ػڻ". Ҫ صڻ
ڻ  յԹ صڶ " ෶ ҵ" بکԵ "ط
ػڻ" ص "ҵ آʹǹ ʵ  " ǵ
"ͻڻ ԭڨ ʹ ͵ڶ ҵ" بک. ͵ڶ   ػڻ⹵.
Ҫ ڻ ص    յԹ صڶ "
ػڻ" ص "Ըһ  ʵ " ǵ "ͻڻ ԭڨ
ʹ ͵ڶ  ҵ" بک. ͵ڶ   ػڻ⹵. Ҫ ڻ
ص    յԹ صڶ " ػڻ" ص
"Ըһ  ʵ " ǵ ڨ ࡵ  "ҵ 
" - بک. "   ʶ".  ҵ "ط
@ԧö:  ʶҵ . . / ()
ػڻ  ػڻ" ص  ع ǵڵ, ǹڵ طڷ
ڵ  ʹڵ ھյ. ڻ   ʷڸ
ھҵ. Ҫ dzڳ ͡ڢҹ Ԣ໵ ҳԪҹ 
" ⹪   ෶,  ҡ ճ ʵҹ ʵ, ǭڨ
  Ҷ `í    ʯ, ¶آ ڻڵ
حڪ",   ` Ҫ ˹' بک, `ʵڶ طڷ
ھյ ǵ ' - Ҷ" . ڨһ ͵ڵ ͵ڵ
ҹ  ʹ Գ. Ҫ ҳԪ વ  
ڨʻ ڢ ԡڢ.
     ʵڶһ  ڨʡ š ࡹ ҡڻԹҪҹ
ʻ  " ҡڻ ҳԪҹ ʹڵԡ Գڳ õҹ
ػڻڹ ص  Ǩ  ʵ વ êڪ 
ڨʻ  طڷ ھԵء  êڪ  ڨ-
  طڷ ھԵء  ԡڢʵ,  ʻ 
Է ˵ڵ һسʵ, ڨؤڤ " ع ڡǵڵ
 طڷ Ҫҹ ڨؤڤک  ڵҷ
ªʵ ڤ ڨؤڤڵ ڷҤ   øءڢ
ھڳطڸ ʪવ շ. Ҫһ Ҥک ͡ 
 " ¹" بک. ͻèک  - ҵ.  ҳ
ҵҵ.  ص, ض  صҹ ҵ. ͵ڶ ๵ڶ
   ҵ. ڶ ҵ. "ҷչ ࡹ - 
ҵ  ػ๵,  ó.  Ծ ص ճ õҹ
@ԧö:  . ҵ.           . Ǩک.       . Ҫ  ࡹ.
طڷ ԡڢ,   ҹǹ Է ط ط   ˵"
õڵ س Ǫવ "ԵԻ    ھط"
طڸس ͹ù ʻ ʹ طԯ ڢڷ. Թڸ
ԯԻ  ڢڷ. ҹ ͤڤ - .
        صڵԵ  ک ͻڻ   " 
" بک.  -  ҵ.  ҳڵ, ⵻
ض⵻ ͱڲª ҵ.  ʷ.    
"ҡڢ ǵ " ҹʵ ͹ù ڢڷ. ڻ
͵ԡڡԵ ک ͻڻ   "  " بک.
ڷҤ  ҵ.  ҳڵ. ⵻ ض⵻ ª
ҵ.  ʷ.     "ػڻԻ 
ǡ" ҹʵ ͹ù ڢڷ. ڻ  ͵ԡڡԵ
ک ʵڶ  ԡڢڵ ھڳطڸ øءڢ
Ңԯҹ ҹ  Թ "   ڷ,
 ,  þ - ػڳҤҹ ͭ, ͷڸ 
ʵڶ طڷ Ҥک ھطู ԯ ". 
 ʻԯ ͵Ե ͹ ҹù ʵڶ
ػʧڡԵ  تڪ  طڸչ ͹ . 
ʵڶ ǹڷԵ ͡ڵ շ ʷڸ ڨʹ. ʵڶ  ͹ػؾھ
 . ʹһ ʻ Ҫ ʵһڵԼ ԯ.
     Ͷ ʾ دԵ ھڪ Ҩ. ʵڶ "Ҥʵ  
 Żصڵҹ Էڸ»ڵù" ػù " Żصڵ
@ԧö:  . ͤڤڤ (. . /-, .. /).  . . ˹.
@ ........
ਡطڸҹ  ͷ, ʻطڸ ʵ ԡڢҹ
ʵԨҹԻ ͷ, ͹ک  Żصڵҹ Է»ڵ-
Ҥ"  ڢԳ˵ڶ õ "Ͷ ԡڢ, ö 
 ءڢ ͹ڵ" .   ͯԡڢø
ʯԡ -  ص  ;ؤڤڵ Ե ʵڶ
ǹڷԵ ͡ڵ շ.
       ҳԪ Ҫ ڵ  í Եʹ
ਵ  "Ҥکڵ" ص Ե ͡ڵ ͯ. Ͷ 
 بک "ҵ  ó Ҥڶ".  í ҡ ʹڵԡ
Ե, ճ   ʵҹ ෶ҵ. "  ,  
í ʹڵ ,   Ҫ ʹ ͵ڵ  ໵յ. 
 ͭ ԭڨ , ͡  ʹ èҵ. ʡڡ 
ҵ ڻ  ਵعڵ. ʡڡ յ dzڳԧڤù آ ԡڢŵ
 ط  ػڻ⹵. һ  ص յ د ԡڢڵ
ԭڨ šࢵ صڶ "ط ػڻ" ص  ҵ 
 í Թڹڵ. ʵ յ. ҵ ͹بکԡ í 
ٻ ʹ ص ҡ ʵʷ๹.    ؤڤ-
ڳҡ ճ ʵҹ , ͻ ԭڨ  èԵڵ. 
Էڨ Էڨҵ ԵҹԻ  ʹҹ .  
   šࢵ صڶصڶ ճ ճ ʵҹ
ͷ.   ʾھҹ ҷʵҹ .
@ԧö:  .,. ʵԡ....
     Ͷ   بک "Ҫ  ҵ".  Ҫ "ʵڶ
طڷ ھ" ǵ ⵵.  ൹  ʹ Թڹڵ.
ʾھ   ҡ ʯ "  ¶آ ڻڵ
͹Ƕ". ڨ   ҵҵ. ൻ í ʷڸ "ھ"
 յ.    ໵ " ҡ ԡ
í ʷڸ `ھ' ,   ʶ".    ҡ
ʹ Ե յ.   ͵ڵ ڻڵ ҡ ʯ " 
ڻڵ ¶آ حڪ".     ҵ. ҡ -
  Ҫ    ʵ ճ õҹ વ
̻Գڱ  ڻڵ  "ھ" ԡڢ, һ Գڳ
õҹ ʹ ص ҹ  ʵ ٪Եҹ,   
ڻڵ  í ءڢ, ڻ ءڢ .  í
ڱԵ̻Գڱ ڳ  ԯԵ ࢹ ʵ,  
ڻڵ ͵, ʵڶ طڷ ھյ.  ڻ 
ʷڸ ھҵ.  ʡ⡶, Ҹٵ. ʡ յ. ൹ 
"Ͷ" ö ª໵ ö   ʷڸ ԡڢԵ
͹ڵ    ¶ í  بکԵ,  بکԵ
ʾھ ǵڵ ص "í ڤ ࡶ" ǵ "Թڸҹ
ŭڪ  " ص Ҫ "ճ õҹ طڷ ԡڢ"
ʨڨ Ե Գڳ õҹ  ͹Ե  ʵ, ڻ
ճ õҹ طڷ ԡڢڵ,   ҹǹ Է ط ط
  ˵ٵ Գڳ õҹ  ͹ùڵ ö , ط
ԯԻҳʷ , ڡҹ ͤڤ .  ػ¹
Ե ǻ  صڵ.
     ʵڶ  Ҥ  ¶  ͵ڵ ʹڵ Թ
 ԡڢ  ʹڵ,  ͸ԯ. ջ Ҥکڵ ʵڶ 
@ԧö:  .,. .
ԡڢڵ    Թ൵ ʵڶ ػʧڡԵ ǹڷԵ
͡ڵ Ե بک " ҡڻ Ҫ  طڷ ԡڢԵ
,    , ҡ  ʶ". շ ,  
ʶҵ,  ʾھһ ˯د "  Թڹ  
" շ. ʵڶ ͹ػؾھ  . ⹪ ʹ-
   ʷڸ ʵһڵԼ һس. ҡڻ  
ҹ ʹ ص ʻ  Է ˵ڵ һس.
  ʵڶ   ԡڢ .   Ҥڢ ͵ڵ
 Ǹ سڱ  Եڵ ͡ڤ  , ڤ
Ծھ൵ ʡڡ  .  ͨʷڸ ԯԵ 
  ԡڢ ˵ڵ . һ   ڨԯ൹
ǹڷԵ " ҡ ھԵԨڨ ڶڻڵ" ǵ ʵڶ
ǹڷԵ ͡ڵ  ھڪ Ҩ.
      ص ʵڶ ػڻdzڳ  Ҥ Թ.  ʵڶ
ԹڵԵڢ ҡʹ Ҥڵ  ʾھ Եڶ ˵ ҡʹ
ԡڢعٻ ๵ ھ.  ʾھ  ˵ڵ һس. ʵڶ
ԡڢ ҷ ҡʹ વǹ ͤ.  ط  ҡڻ
õڵԯҹҷ " آ,  آ" طҹ ط๹ Ԩõ. ԡڢ
  " ҡڻ ` آ,  آ' طҹ ط๹
Ԩõ, ͵ڵ êڪآ þ ط๵ . ʵڶ  ໵
"ʨڨ   ڻԹ آ þ طҹ ط".   
 þ طҹ  ͭ þ طҹ  ҹҵյ. Ͷ ʵڶ
" ԡڢ  ص آ êڪآ þ طҹ ط๵, صڵ
    յ  ػڻڪ,  ҹԾھҹ þ
 طҹ ط" ͹ʹڸ ௵  ʹ  Ҷ:-
             "յ آ ʵ       Իڻʹ๹ ਵ
             »ڻǷ      ʷ  ڱ". -
     ඡ ʵڶ ԡڢ  "ڨ ԡڢ ڻ ԡڢٹ
 ". ͻء  ԯآ ͹ص õ,
ҷڵڻ  ෵յ. ʵڶ  ໵ "ʨڨ  
ڻԹ ͹ԡҹ ҷڵڻ  ". ʨڨ ൵. 
  ͡, ͪڪ  ػҹ ԡڢٹ  յ. "Ҹ
"   Ǩ  ڻԨکԵ 
 ˵ ԯ. ൹  ʵڶ Իү ͵ڵ
 ҹڵ ໹ "͵ڤ ԡڢ  ǡҹ ԡڢҷҹ
·Է ҡڻ" - ͵ .
     []   ڵ˵ڵ ͵ڵ ؾھ Ե
ʪ ؾھԵһҹ ʹ صڵ  ⹵ҷ.
ط ͪҡʵ ʡҡ ط د ҡ. ÷ھ
÷ ҡ   ҵ ͵.
     [] ͡ڢ  Թڵ  صڵ  
÷ Ե Ҩ ҡ Թڵ ͵.
     [] ǡ ⹵      Եڵ, ڻ¹ڵ
¹ڵ ǡ ҷ س  ͤڤ ໹ڵ
 ҵڨԨڨصڵ Ǩ صҵ ھ.
     [] ⤵ ʷʤ. ʷعڷԹ⹵ 
عڷʷڷʷǨ "͵ ڵ ʶ ԡڢ" ҵ ھ.
     [] ؤڤ˹ڵ - د ؤڤ طڸڤ, ط .
ٵdzڳڵ - صڵҹdzڳ عڷûڵ ͵. ճʹڵ -
Իسڳ . ʹڹ¹ҹڵ ʹڹ͡ڢԻʹڹآڵ ͵.
@ԧö:  .. //.                               ͧ.͡. //.
@ . طڸڤ.      . صڵdzڳ.         . ب.
     [] ⹵ - Ҹԡ ͵ Ե ԡڢ ҹ 
 طԵ ˯Եڵ ඵյ ھ.
     [] ʵ ͹ҵ   Ǩ๹ óʹ
͹Եҵ ͵. ҳʹ๵ - ҳ  ʡä. 
ࡹªҵ¹ڵ ڵªҵ ʡá ⵵ ͵.  ԭҵ.
                  ҡڻԹһҹdzڳ ԯԵ.
                          -------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=50&A=5748 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=50&A=5748 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=33&i=123 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=33&A=2842 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=33&A=3672 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=33&A=3672 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_33

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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