͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ ͻ.. (طڸ.)

                            . ٵǤڤ
                    . . ٵԵһҹdzڳ
     ǹڵԷõҷԡ  ٵԵ ͻҹ. ڻ
ط Ҹԡ ڶ ڶ  ǯگٻҹ حҹ ػԹ
 ڻʵڶ ͹ػڻ صڵ ǵ š
ǵչ ͭ  ͡صڵ ص Ծھڵ,
 ڷҳǵ  ͡.  »ڻ   ؤڤԵ
ڶ  ͻʹ ͵ڵ  بڵ ҳ
ʷڸ ھ Իھڪ ھԵ ͯ һڵ ڨԭ
 Ծھ. ͹ԡҹڻ ҹ Ҩԡڢ. ൻ 
ҹ .
     ൹  ¹ صڵ   ػڻڪԵ ǵչ
ػ ù ͡ ڨ š ࡹ ڷһ
͹ԡҹ ˵ڵٻ, ڷһ  ˧ ڹҤ
ǡҹڵ ڶ   ûԪڤ  ؾھ
ڵҷ ͭ ڨ ͹൵   ͡ ڷһ
͹ Ҽŵڶ  "طڸ  ҹҵ" ʹڵ
ڷһ ҡ ͵Ե  ԯ. ڷһ طڸҹǭ
šڢԻԭڨ  šڢ Ե " šڢ ڹҤ
 ͤ ͪڬʹ Ҫ ˵ ڡǵڵ, ھ  ǯ
ʾھ ط ˵,  Ҫҹ  ط"  ڨؤڤ
 ڨԯ൹ ǹڷԵ ʹ ໵
ͷ. շ   . ڷһʻ ͵ڵ ͹بکԡ
ʹ ˵ ͡ڵ - շ.   بڵʪ
յյҹ ͪǹڵҹ Ҽҹ ˵ Ҩ ʹڵԡ ڻڵ
طڸҹ Ҩ  Թڹҡ ࡵ  "Ҩ 
`   ˹ڵ ڶ' Ԩ,    
˹ڵ ". ڷһ "ҵ  ෶,  ໹ ʷڸ
ͯʯªʵؾྸ  ػ Ԩک, ʾھؾطู ʷڸ
  ػԵڶ" . Ͷ  һ "   , 
ҡ Ҩ  ػ ,  ǵ Ҫҹ"
 ԻԵ  ǹڷ. Ͷ  Ҩ  "ҵ ҡ
طڸҹ ͹بک ¸ ڶ,   ԡڢҨ ԸҤ,
  ¶Ҿ ¸ ,    յ Ҽ ,
  ö" ໵ ˵ Ե  Ҥ 
ԯ. ʵڶ Ҽ ԤڤԵ ǵ Ծ⾪ ڢԻ.
һ طڻ  ǵ ͷ.  Ԩڨ ԯ໵
Թ ʵڶ ʾ ͹ Ե ʵڶ ʹڵ ó 
ඹ շ. ʵڶ "ԡڢ Ҥک" Թ. ʵڶ Եڵ 
ʵڵ ճ Ҥڵ ʵڶ ǹڷԵ ͯ.
     Ͷ ڷһ ͹  "ҵ طڸҹ Թڹʹڻ
ը, ʵʻ ʹ ڶ,  ͪڪ   ԡڢ
 ʡڡ ҵ ǯگ, ھҷ dzڳڸڻڹҹ ػڼҹ
ö" , ͨԹµڵ Էڸ  ص
@ԧö:  . ͡.
dzڳڸڻڹҹ ػڼҹ Ե طڸҹ ªڻҳ ػڼʹ
. ͤڤǡҹ Ԥص, ԡڢٹ ͱڲªҷ, ǡ
ڵ .    ڷһ Ҥ 
ͭڪ ڤ  " ҡ զõڵ Ե آ  ػڼʹ
 շ" . շ  ػڼ.  Թ ʵڶ
ʵڶ ҡ  ԡڢ ͵ڵ ͵ڵ ڵ շ. ڷһ
˹ڵ ػڼکڵ ˵ Ҥ ڶ ù ͯ. ʵڶ
"һҹ  ʡڡ ˻ڼ ˵" øһڵ һڪ.
ʵڶ һڹ  ԡڢٻ һڵ һڪ. Ҥ ʵڵ
ø һڪԵ Թ ͹ԡ ԡڢҨá ڻ
ǹżҼ حڪԵ ʡ طڸҹ ͭڪ ڤ ͯ.
ڷһ  ԡڢҨڻ ͤڵ ػڼکڵ ù ʵڵ
յ յԹ.
     ʵڶ ø د óͧह ڢ§ह ҵ 
ͧ ڹҤ ͡ ǡ "Ԥ ػڼʹҹ "
ҳ.  ڡǵڵí ʹڵԡ ŷڸ  
دҹ ͵ڵ   ൻԯ طڸǨ Ե ͹.
 ʹ ʵڶ   , ʵڶ ʹ ʾྻ
بڵʵһ ˵ڵ һس. ʵڶ "Ͷ ԡڢ" ˵ڶ
.    ͹ڵø. ͯԡڢ 
ءڡ .  ʯԡ  ʵڶ  ڷһ
 ԡڢԵڵԵڵ  ҸԤک. -   óԵ 
@ԧö:  .. ҸԤک.
ʵ ÷ڸ  " ǵڻ ͹Ҥ ͡ طڸ
 Թ ࡹ ŷڸس ¹" Եڵ طҷ.  ൹
Եࡹ ڤŻǸ ҵ ʡڢ. Ҥ  ǹڷԵ ͭڪ
ڤ    " ¹ ԡڢع Ԥ
ػڼʹҹ ,   ҡ ". óͧह
 ڢ§ह  ͵ڤҹ   ԡڢٵ. " 
 ʵڵ ػڼکڵ ù൹ ʡڡ , ൹ ͸ԡù ͭ
ڻڵ  , ͹Ҥ  ͡ طڸ    
˧ ڹҤ  ¹" ڶ ͡.
     ʵڶ "Ԫڬʵ    һ ڶ"
͹Ҥҳ ʵ ࡹ ڻʵ ͵ԡڡԵ Ԫڬ
 "һ    ڶ  ʵ, ͹Ҥ ڻʵ
͵ԡڡԵ ⤵  ط ػڻڪʵ,  ʹڵ Ԫڬʵ"
 ඵ ԡڢ ҡ ڢڷ. ڷһ  ڢػ
 ԡڡ.  ʵڶ ԡڢ  ͭڪ ڤ˵ ͯ. 
ͻ Ź  ʵڶ ػʧڡԵ  سԵ ͻչڬ
   Ծھ.    ͻҹԻ ڨ
ҵʵҹ ھԵ í , ʻھطڸŻ ھԵ
í ص ڨҤǵڵ . ͵  ǵڵ ͻԻõ
ǡ һسڵ  ڶ, ڨҤǵڵ  Ҥ -
صڵ ǷԵھ.  ʵҹ ڨҤǵڵ õ 
 ǵ Ծھڵ.
@ԧö:  .. /, .. /.
       ǵ ͻһ ػڻڪʹ Ծھڻڵ
͹Ե    ๡ʵڢڵ ڡǵڵҪ Ҫ
 ص  ڻڵ ͹Ե ҡ  ػڻڹ
ǵڶ ʯ  ͹ҶԳڱԡ ԯ ص Ծھڵ,
ٵյ  .
     ൹  ¹ ҡ   ػڻڪԵ ǵڵԵø
͹ػؾྐྵ Ҫ ڵ ڶ ǹԤڤ˳ҷԹ šҹؤڤ
ù Ҫ ػ յ .  ͹ҶԳڱ ʯ
ǵڶ دҹ ڱ ˵ ͵ڵ  Ҫʯ 
ڵ طڸػڻҷ ص ʵڶ յ ùڵ ػʧڡԵ
 ʵһڵԼ ԯ ʵڶ ǵڶ Ҥڶ
ҨԵ  ڨڵª  ª ª ʵʻԨڨह
 ԯ໵ ǵڶ ͯʻڻҳ વ  ҹ
⡯ʹڶù ԳԵ ڶ   õ ͷ. ˷
 ٵԡدھ ͹ҶԳڱԡʯԹ ʷڸ ڵ  س ʷڸ
Ե ھ.  ػڻ  ҵԡ س  ҹ
໵ í  ù ڵҬҹ Ծھ൵  ҷ
 Իʹ DZವ ˵ڵ һس.
       ʹ  ʵڶ Ե ⹷ʡ 
ʵ.  óչ ͤ  .   Գڱ ù
  ڵҬҹ һڪԵ د ԡڢ Ԥڤҵ "
¡ҹ ˻ڼ ʵ",  ڢҹ ͤ  . ൹
  "͵ڤ ԡڢ  ǡҹ ԡڢٹ óչ ڢҹڨ
·Է ٵ" - §ڤڹҤ ͤڤ ,  
͵ڵ Եչ  ڶ ˵ڵ   ԭ
šڢ ص تԵ ԡ ù ͹ػؾྐྵ Ҫ ͤ.
     Ҫ ھ  Ҥ ص ػʧڡԵ ǹڷԵ
"  ʶ, ʹҹ  " ǵ - ڡ .
 ʹʹ  ; յԹ. ҹǹ  
ʵ.  دԵ ػڷ í ʹ ءڡد ͡.
Ҫ "ࡹ   ೹   ʵ" ʹ "
;ʹ   ʵ" Թ൵  ڳد ໵
"  ڳد ʶ" ǵ ǹڷԵ ڡ.  د
Ե Գʹڶ ŧࡹ շ.   ⶡ ⶡ µ, 
Ҹ ͹ػǨک. Ͷ  š دԡ ԸԵء ͵ڵ
ͪڬڵԡǵڶء   ෹ "ڹ  دԡ" -
Ҷ. ʵ äҶ ص.
        ͵ڵ  ʹڵյ? Թ
হ ͷڸع ͹Ԥؾھ  ͵ ʹڵ յ ͵ڵ
͸Ԥšصڵø ڨǡڢԵ յǤԵطҹջڶ ʹ
ҹԡǹڶڨ ڻԨک  ͵ڵ  ʹڵ. ¶
 š ⾸ҹ ͪڬʹ "ʾڹҤ ԡڢ
@ԧö:  ͧ.͡. //.
@ "  ʶҵ ǵ "ʯҹ " (../).
@ .. //.
Ҥ êڪ"ҷԹ - ͵ڵ  ʵ. 
 ͭҾҡóҶһ յ.
     []   ڵ˵ڵ ڵ͵ڤ  ͵ڵ
ؾھ Ե ʪ ؾھԵһҹ ʹ ǹڵԷõ-
ҷ. ڶ ǹڵҵ »ھ Է ʹ 
ھ ҹ Ҥڻ ʭڨó๵ ͵. 
 ھ⵵ ھҹ યڵ    »ھ
յ ھ.  ء ˹ڵ ڶ ھ  ʹڶ
 í د . دõڵԯҹүҹǵԻԡࢻҷʹ
عڷҡù ⵵ ͵. ڳ һԵҵ  ҷԵ 
 ʹڶ د һԵ ԯһԵҵ ͵.
     []   ҵ ҵһԵ ¹ 
. ؤڤһ ҡ õ. ͡ҡ ͭ   
. ͷص صµһ  Ҹ һ   
 ھ  յ ھ.
     []  ŭڨ ڳڨ,  حڪ  ҵ  
ھ ʹ ԳڱءҷԼ ҷ, ûڳҷԻڳڨ
ءڢ ͨԹԵ  حڪյ ͵.  ʵ  ǵյ  ʹ
ǵڵ ػҵ˹ڵ . ڶ ǵڵ  ҵ ػҵ ͵ڵ
 Ե ڳҷԡ       
 - ԡ յ ھ. "ǵڵڱػڳҹ"  , 
 Եҹ ڱػڳҹ ءڢڵҹ ػ յ ͵.
@ԧö:  .. //, ͧ.ʡ. //.   . ػ.
     []   Ҫǹڵ  Ե ⹻ ԨڨҤ
⹻ ʹ ҷûʹ Ҫ   
յ ھ.  ʡ Եڵڵ ʡ Եڵ ͵ڵ 
ͻڻԨک ʹڵد   . Ǫ ʹڵ
Ǫڪٵҷʹ ʹ صڵʹ Ǫ  .
     [] ҤٻԵ Եڵڵ ·    ह ڻصڵ
Եڵ ػڻڪ,   ͵ڵ ڨǡڢ ೹ ǡڢԵ
. ͡  ˹ڵ  ͡ ҹ ͤ
  ҤԵڵ   .
     [] êڪ - êڪ ҵ êڪ Ե ٻҷ-
ǵڶ êڪ   . ʹ  ʵ Ե
ʡóǵڶ  .  ˹ ҵ Ե
ˡóǵڶ    .   ǹ ǹ
í ԡڢ ͻکյ  ͵ڵҹ յ ھ.
     [] ھʡdzڳ dzڳھʡdzڳ, ⾹dzڳdz⳵
͵.  ԭҵ.
                     ٵԵһҹdzڳ ԯԵ
                           ----------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=50&A=799 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=50&A=799 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=32&i=23 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=32&A=1500 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=32&A=1959 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=32&A=1959 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_32

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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