͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ طڸ.. (õڶ.)

                       . ·վطڸdzڳ
     تҵ  ͻ  ͯڻʵҸԡʡڻڶ ͡
 · ͵ڶ յ  طڸ Ծھڵ. ڶ ·
   õ Ե ԾھڵԵ  Ե
ظǵչ طڵ  ó ͤڤ ڷʷǷ
ڷ  بک ʹڸ ˵ ʹڹ ҹ ͨڨ¹
س ҵءبک ԡڢ,   ڤ˳ š ҹ
үҹ Եڵ "·" .  ҹ
ͤ ͪڬ.   عŤԾҹ  ҷ .
Իڻآҹ ൵ڵ Եڶҹ ڨػԵҹ .
      ڵ Եڵҹ   ڨ  ص
ػڻ Ҫඹ Թԡڢ ԡڢԵ ھ. ͡  
⡯ ͹ػھ.    һ   ҹ
Ե Ңسڳ س  յ Թڹ
ػ حڪԵ   յԹ تҵҪࡹ Թڹ
ͯ Գد ˵ ظ⾸ ػʧڡԵ ൻ˵ڶԵڶ
Գʹڶ ʹڶԵ ŧڡ تԵ ʾھصҳ ԪڬԵ
"๡ҵù" طҹ ط๵  ʵڵʵڵ յԹ
͵ڵ  ھԵҹ ¸Ǹڶ  ҡʹ ڶ
ڵ ǵչ ǵ ͵Ե ԡڢ⡯Ի ڡ
ǵ.  ⡯ʵҹ  .   .
     ع ǵ   Է طʹھ ط
 Ҫ ʵ.  Ԩکҷԯ . ʡŪھط  
 ͹Ǩک ʵʤڦԡ  ػùڵ.  ط Ҫ
હ ʷڸ ͡ շԵ  ڻԨک. Ͷ · 
" طʹ Ҫ  ԯԤ "  
¡ڢҤ   ǹ Ե ¹ Ե ھڳ
حڨ ؤڸûھ ÷   շ.  ûԨԡ
ǵ ҤڸŻҷ ʾ વ õ ͯ.
     ط⹻ Ҫ ¡ڢҤ Ҥک ͵ڵ ǹ
ھڳ Ԩکù  Թ "ͭ   
ǹ ͷ ๡Ԫتڪٵ  ԯؾھ.    Ը
ԯ    " ࡹ ط¤Ԣڶ
÷·ʡ ھڳԪŹ ԪŹڵ Թڹ ǹڵ 
Թ " سڱ  ù Ԫ๹  
Թ" ⡸ٵҹ "˹ڷ  ͵ڵ  "
Թ൵ ʡ  ھ ͡. - "Թ ͤڤԪŹ ԡ
سڱ" ࡹ ๡ԪԻڼԵ ʹڹǷdzڳ
ԻڻʹڹکҤ ʾԪڪŹڵ  Թ "  ͤڤԷ
˵, ˹ڷ   طহ ෵ " ͵Ԥ
ط⡦ ҹآ ǵ.
      طহ س   Թڹ   
ڵ   ڵ   Եڶ.  ط Ҫ
"Թ    ʵ" ڵ ط ʧڢԻԵ
ࡹ ǹڵ ԵŸä ÷êԡ ԸԪù
èҹ ʡʻص Թڹ  ͵ڵ ڢ  "˹ڷ
 " ู Ըظ , Ͷ  ҹǹ
ʾھظҹ ҹԸب÷ʹ ԡ ص ʾ ҷ
Ի.
       ͨک  ط Ҫ ػԵҹ ǹڵ
 ˵  ˵ ͵ڵ ǹ Եء ءڢԻԵ
طڷ ͵ԡڡԵ ڡ̻ھ ڵ "    ǵ 
 " ࡹ   Թڹ  " ҹ
 ,     ԡڡڲԵ ʡ. ·   ⡨
ҹʵ, ͹ڻ   ʵ,  ⡨  ʵ,  
ʪવ " Թ.
@ԧö:  .,.,. ͡
     Ͷ ʾ  ԵڵҨ   ͸ԯ, ¶  ʾ
 ʹڵ. ԭڨ  ʡŪھط ͡ʵҪ 
ػ÷ҹڶ ʹڹԻ.    ˵ Թڹ طʹ
Ҫҹ Ҫ  "ҡ Ҫ عҪ ·
ʵڶ ҷԨ õ,  طڸ  ͨک,  طڸس
ԯ" ǵ ʹڹԵڵ ʾ ǹڵ ҹ  ͭڪ
 ͯ. ڶ ·   طʹ Ҫҹ آ 
 .  ҹ ص⡯ҹ ˵ڵ һس. 
ص  .
     ·  ªڻ ط طڸڨڶ Ƿ 
ʳ  һù ʷڸ ൵  Ե ൵
ع ·վطڸ Ǹ ҹڻ ¤ һ ൵ ʡ⡹
 ⷳآҤҪ ໵   ڶ 
"·   ·   Գڱ ʵ,  ⷳآ
  ʪવ · ".
     Ͷ   ԵԵԨó Ҫ " 
ҹڵһ  " ڵ "Ҹ" ڻԨکԵ ص·
ʾ ûڻʹ šࢵ تҵڶԳڱү -
ʷʷզسڱ Իطءڳ ػԧڤŹ¹ عڷáڢڸʹ
͹ǯگ ԨԵ˪ҹ͹ڵ ʷب÷ڵ Ÿ ͻԵ
ʾھšڢڻڹ ԵŸʷʨطʹ ԡڡڵԵԹ ڤ
@ԧö:  ....
Ҹ ʵڵڻԯ ʵڵ Թڹ ʾھ ǹڵ Ԥڤǹڵ -
͹ڵ ػʧڡԵ Գڱ̭ڪٻŻҷʵ » ڵڻڵ
 óó dzó Ԫó عó óڶ
. Ͷ  ÷ صڵ ʵçڤù ˹ڵ
˵ظûíڪԵʷڵ ͹ڵŻ¹ڸ ʡүٯҤ-
óҷչ ڪԵ ҡŤԪڬҷ - ͹ػ ˵ʹõçڤ-
÷ҷչ ͧڤҹ ڻԵ  ¡  ڢ¹
 ʾ ʤص Ҥکڵ  ͹Ťʷ ह
ǹڵԤک.
     Ͷ    ʹڵһԻԵҹ ҷҡèµٻ
ҤآԸǹڵ  ҡʷڷ. ࡨ 
ػʡ  ҹڻ  Ե. Ͷ  طڸ
˵ڶԹҤ¹ڵࡵ سԻڼյ˷ ڵ  .  
˵ڶԹ ڵҼ೹ طء˷ʹڵ ͵ڵ һҸ 
Ūڪ   ҵ ʡ⡹  ʹ   
 Ի.  Ի   ùԡʷ ʭڬһڻҹíڪԵ-
áԢػ ԵŸùԡ  èԵڶ.
      عҪҷ Ҫҹ  Իڵ  Ҥê
յԻԵ˷ Ҹء˹ҷ ءڡدʷڷ ǵڵ. ԡ-
ڷڸسڳŧڡҷ  ๡ڻ . ڵ ءࢻ
ǵڵ.  ÷عڷ Թ. Ͷ  ԵԢ
@ԧö:  .,. Ծڵ     . ҡǡ...
ҷ Իڹ ÷ ࡵ ͧڡʸʧڢڡŧڡ൹ õŹ
ڶ Ե  ԵڵҨҹء ʹ  ͹:-
                 " Ƿ  Ҩ
                   Եڶصڨ  
                   Ǹõ د
                  ͻ ʹڵ طڵ.
                   ʹ   
                   ҳ ʵ óԹڷ
                   ҳҵ بڻ 
                  ءڢ  ࡹ.
                  ҡ ҵڤ ٻ
                   ෹ ෹ һ
                  ը ءڢ ڻ
                  ⻵ ҳ ͵Իҵ¹.
                  ءڢ  ࡹ
                  š · ҵ 
                  ͻڻ ˵ ٻ
                   ءڢҤ.
                  ¶  ҳ   
                  Ҫ حڪ ڷҤ
                   һ ҵ 
                  ҳҵԻ Ǫڪ.
                    ҹ ԷԵ
                  ҳҵԻҵ   
                  ҳҵԻҵ Ǫڪ  -
                  ʤ آ Ԩک  õڶ.
                  ҳҵԻҵ  ط
                    ǵո 
                      
                  ʤڤҸ ¹ڵ طڸ.
                  ءڢҤ Ԩک ⡨ 
                  ʾ⾻  آ
                   ҹҤ  
                   ڵ سڨ ".
      ʾŹҹ ڵ ʭ Ե Թ
ԹҨڻ   .   ·  ҡ
ʵڶ   ⷳآ  Ե ڶ ҪҤ 
.  յ⡯ҹ  .   
. ൹ صڵ:-
       [] "تҵ ͻù         š
                    · .
       [] ʻ ط Ե      ҷԨ è
           ˹ڵҹ  ʾھ -    ڡ ǵڵ.
@ԧö:  .,. ǪڪԵ                .. ʾھ  ˹ڵҹ
       [] һ ͵൪         
           ⡯ʵҹ           .
       [] ط Ҫ       Ԩکҷԯè
            ԯ ෹     ʵڶ .
       [] ʹڹԻ ͵       ʹڹԻ 
           ص⡯ҹ -      ص .
       [] · ⷳآ ˵ڶ         - ö
           յ⡯ҹ          ".
     ڤŹ   Ҫص  Եص ʾھԡ
ҵ  ¡ .  · ھط ԡ ù
"͵ڵ  ڻ" ص ⡯ʵʻ ڨؤڤ 
  ص ʵڵ ҷҹ  ʵڵ  
ڵҹ ⡯ʵ ʷڸ ھԵ ˵ڵ һس.
    ҵڢ طڷ,   ʹڹԻ .
Ͷһù  طʹҪ Ҥ ص⡯ ˵ڵ һس.
  ʵڶ ҵڢ طڷ,  ص ʹڹԻ ,
ع ⷳآԹ յ⡯ ھԵ ˵ڵ һس.  
 ҵڢ طڷ,   ʹڹԻ . ൹ صڵ:-
       [] "ʹڹԻҵ        һ ·
           ⡯ʵҹ             Ҥ.
@ԧö:  . ⡯ҹ       . ๵
       []   ص⡯          ͡ ع
            ʹڹԻҵ         յ⡯ ".
      ҡ ⾸ʵ   ҳ Եʻڨҹ
Գڳ Ƿҹ ä ص ʵڶ ʹ ص ⡯ʵʻԨह
  õ   ڨ  ԯ. Ͷ 
ʵڶ " ͯʡڻʵڨ¹ ⤵  ط  ʵ"
ҡ. ൹ صڵ:-
       [] "˹൹ ¹            -
           ͪڬ - ڵ     Գڳ Ƿҹ ä.
      []   سԵҹ        ҷ  
           ⡯ʵ            һ.
      []  ҹ        ˯ Ԥڤҹ
            ڨ  -        ҷ.
      [] ʻ  ط ҡ      շ
           ͯ ڻ         ط ʵ
           -       ԡڢԵ Ҥ. -
      [] ҹ Եҹ       آ .
      [] һ Ǩ ص         Եڵ ҷ
           صڵ ǵԯ         ʻԻ".
     ڶ  ڨ ҵ ճ óҹ ڨ ҹ ҵ ͵.
ͯ ڻ൵  ͯʵҸԡ ڻ ͨڨ¹ҵ ͵.
@ԧö:   ҳǵ ʵ        ͪڬ⡵ ʵ
@ . ó ڨŭڨ         ..    ʹڵ
        ظ   . Ե ط 
Ҫ, ҵ بڷ  ,   ʾھ   ͤڤǡ,
 ػ, تҵ  Թڹ   ͤڤԡ, ظء
⾸,  յ˵ڶؾྸ , صҹ ,  
ͤڤ , ڨ  ص,  Ҫඹ ԡڢյ.
൹ صڵ:-
      [] "ظ            ط  ڵ
           بڷ  - ԡ      · ʵڶ.
      []  ʾھ           ͤڤǡ
            ػ        · ʵڶ.
      [] تҵ Թڹ          ͤڤԡ
           ⾸            ⸵ - بڨ.
      [] ʻ ط Ե        ǵڵšڢ
           յ˵ڶؾ           Ҫ ʵ.
      [] ͤڤԨڷҹ -         ˵ڶ ҷԡ 
           ¶             .
      [] һ           ǵ - 
           صҹ            ͯ ڢ.
      [] ʻ ط         ؤҹԻ ҹ ͵ҹ
           ʾھ ڵԵ             Եڵ ʾھʧڢ".
@ԧö:  .. ڷ           . ط⸵
@ ͤڤ ڷҹ ()     . ǵڵ
     ڶ Ҫҵ ʾھԼ · ǯگڢ
Ҫ  ʵ. ؤҹԻ ҹյ ͤڤǡؤҷչ ؤҹ. ʤҶ
ʾھڶ صڵҹҵ.
                     ·վطڸdzڳ ԯԵ.
                      ԯ  طڸ.
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öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=51&A=6696 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=51&A=6696 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=33&i=194 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=33&A=7901 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=33&A=10100 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=33&A=10100 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_33

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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