͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (ڶ.)

                       .  Ҫdzڳ
          []  ԯ           ڵ
                ʪڪ ҷ          Թ .
     #[]  ͯ ԯ õ ԯù .  
ڵµ յ ⤵ڵ  Ҫ .
@ԧö:  .             . ǵھ
     ͵  ï ԯù  êڪ ù ʵ 
ص ص Ծھڵ, "ԡ" .  »ڻ ڡ
ڵ ؤڤԵԻ Ҥڵ Ե Իڻ ʵ ػêڪ Ե
ͻ Ե ͨڨ¹ Ҫ ص ͤԤ   Ҫ ໵ êڪ
ù     ʹõ  ҹ õ
ԡ ʵʻԨڨह ҷҹ ǵ. ͯըҵطڷջڳ 
ҹ ڵ ҹڤ ࡵ.  ͡ سڳ 
Եʵک Ҫŧ Թ ͵ڵ Թڹҹ Ǫહ
ǵڶ ͵ڵ ͷԹڹ  ͷ "  áҹ  Եڵ ʵ, ¶
ͪڬڵԡҹ,  ǵ  ҹ  ⡨ Ҩ ǵڶ ҨԵ
ͪڬڵԡ ,    ⡨    Ե    ˷
 ͡ڢչ  ػڲ  ʡ  ͵ڵ ǹ , 
͸Իڻ ù ҵ ʡ" Թ.   ͡ڢչ  ʹ Ҥ.
൹ صڵ:-
                "ʪڪ ҷ         Թ .
           []   ԭڨ ҹ ҹ       ͷԹڹ   Ԫڪ
                 »   ڢ      ԡڻ".
          ڶ ҹ ҹڵ  ҵھҹ ͹ڹҹҷ.  
ʵڵ  ҹڬ ػڻ ʡڡ ڱءھʹ
سҡ .   ó Ǫહ ⾸ʵڵ ͪڬ 
"Ҫ ͪڪ ڻڵҨ ڢٹ  Ҩڵ, ڢٹ ػڻ௵ 
յ Թ" ʡ ǻ ǵ " ʡڢʵ    ҵ,
ط ⹵   " ⾸ʵ  ⸷ ҵ
ʾھŧڡ ڱ ŧڡ˵ڶԡڢڸä ҹڤ ک ҪԳ
͹ڸ  ص  ڢػ ͡ عڹڻ  ˵
õ Ҫҹ ໵  ⾸ʵ൹ آ ó ʵ
"  Ԩک" بک " ҹڬ  ؤڤ൹ Եڵʹ
ʡšʹڹ ùڵ , ˭ڨ ͹,   Ҩ" ػʹ
͡ ڢ Ҩ. ൹ صڵ:-
           []  " ʧڡڻ       ʡ ҹ
                 Թ ǻ       Է Ǩ.
           []  ʪڪ ҷ        Ҫ Էڸ
                 Թ൹ Ը ҹ         ʵ.
           []    Ե ๵         ˹ڷ  
                 صڵ ҤҶ        ҹ  .
           []  Ǹ Ե      Ԥ ҵ
                 ͹ڸdz - صҹ    Ҫҹ ػʧڡ.
           []    ڤ˵ҹ      ڢԳحڨ
                  ͭڪ        Է Ǩ.
           []  Ҩ  Ҫ       ԡ ïDZڲ
                  ҹõ Եڵ        ؤڤ ҹ.
           []   ๵ڵ ¹      ͹ڸ ػ˵ 
                 ͡  ¹        ڻ ࡹ һ". -
@ԧö:  . ͹ڸdz                          .. /-/
    ڶ Թ൹ Ը ҹڵ ͵ڵ Թڹ Ը ҹ Թ൹,
Ǫહ ҹ  ͵ڵ Թڹ Ը  ¸ Թ൹. 
  ʵյ   ͪڬڵԡǵڶڻ  ҵ ʡڡ 
ʵ, "ڢٹԻ ػڻ௵ " Թյ ͸Իڻ.   Ե
๵ڵ ͵ ͪڬڵԡǵڶ⹻  ͷʹ  ʹ
Թڵ - ʨڨ  , ط ʨڨڵ ͵.   ڤ˵ҹ, 
ڢԳ ҵ  ڢԳحڨ  ڤ˵,   ءڢԻԵҵ
͵. ïDZڲҵ ïDZڲա. ڻ ࡹ һҵ ࡹ ڢع 
ʹ ʡ ͵ڵ  , ڻ  ŷู ࡹ յ ʵ.
           ص ʵ دҹ "Է  Թ 
Թ൵ Ҥ, ­ڨ  Եڵ   ڢ Ҩ,  ǵ  ,
ͪڪ   ڶ һسʵ, ͷԹڹؾھ ǵ ҹ " ˪
. ڶ ʹ ʵڶ :-
          []  Ǩ ص      ˯ Ԥڤҹ
               ڪ Ƿ       Է Ǩ.
          [] Էҹ ԹڵԵҹ     ҷ ԸҤ
                 Եڵ      ๵ڵ ҨԵҤ.
          []   ҹ Էڸ     ʧڡ Ի
               ͷԹڹؾھ ҹ       ͪڪ  Ҩ".
@ԧö:  . Ե
       ڶ ҵ  ٻ ʡڡ. ˯ د.
Ԥڤҹʵ  Եڵ ҹԵ  Թ ೹  ڢ ҨԵ,
͵ڵ   ͨԹ൵ ڪ ǵյ ԤڤԵ. Ƿ⵵
ҵյԻ. ;Թڵ . ҹʹڵ   ҹ, ҹڬ,
"ڢ " ػڻڹҹڬµ ͵. ʧڡ⻵ . Ի⵵
Իس.
       Ͷ ⾸ʵ Թ "   ԵڵҨ   بڨڻ
ڢ  Ҩ,    ¨ ǵ ͹ԯ ʵ. بک 
" Թ൵   بک. ൹  ҵʹ:-
                  "ࡹҹԯ ԸҤ
                  ǹԾھ ڢػҹ ҨԵ
                  طبڨ Ҩ صڵڤ
                   ๵ڵ ʹ بڨ". -
           ص ٻ ʡ :-
                  "  تڻյ
                  ҵ   
                  ൹ҹԯ ԸҤ
                  ǹԾھ ڢػҹ ҨԵ.
                  ǹԾھ -  ǹ - ͹صڵ
                    - ڢػҹ Ҩ
@ԧö:  .. //   . ǹԾھ   . dz   .. 
                    ڢػ ͹صڵ
                   ๵ڵ ʹ بڨ". -
          ʵ :-
           "¹ ͵ඹ Ҥک     ڶԻڶ
             Ԫڬڵ ʧڡڻ    ڢٹ .
                  ͡  Ҩҹ
                  ҹ ,
                   ڢ ک  ໡ڢ
                  ·Ԩک    Ԫڬ". -
          ڶ ǹԾھҵ  Ż. ڢػҹյ ʹ  ڢٹǵ
. ٵ   "بڨ" ඹڵ. ǹԾھ⵵ Ҩڵ. ǹԹڵ
Ҩ.  ൵    ͹ڸ - ʧڡڻ.  ڢҵ    ڢ
ڢ ص.   Ԫڬٵ    ʹڵԡ Ԩک,   Ԫڬٵ.
          Ҫ ͵ڵ ඵ "  ʡࡹ ͹ԯ ԸҤյ
, ٹ  Թ ػ¹ ڢ ڻڪʵ"  " 
ڢٹ ػڻ௵ ҵ ػڻ" Թ൵  ҷ ͹ൻ
ڵ Ҫ շԵ ǡ -  Ǫڪ . Ͷ "ҡ 
Ҫ ͡ڢչ ػڻ௵  ҵء" ʡŹ ͡ .
Ͷ  í ҵʹһҷ Ҫ ڨ ʪڪ Ҥ ø  ʾ
ʹڹԻԵ ҹػ . Ҫһ  ͹. ൹:-
@ԧö:  .. /-/   .. /-/-   . ͵ڶ   .,. ǡ
           "   ͷ ڢ     ʾ ҡ -
             Ҫ        صڵ  .
           ص        Ҫҹ ŧڡ
             Ҫ      ڻ. -
           ¶   ʾ      ¤ڤ ö ʷ
           ڵ ԡ          ". -
Ͷ Ҫ  Ҷ :-
           "  ʹڵ ǵҹ   ͷ  
             Ե         حڨ.
             ʹڵ ǵҹ    ͷ  
           һ һ ˵      ڻ Ҹ.
           ­             
                     Ҩ ". -
       ڶ   ҵ ⹵ Իҵڵ.   ڢ ͷ.   ʾ
ҡյ  ʾ  Ԩڨ. ͡ڢ  Թ  êڪ  ,
   Ԩڨڵ  ҵ ͸Իڻ¹ . ԡعڵ
.  յ ¶  ԡŨڢ   ,  
 ,  ͡ڢչ. ͡ڢ  Թ    ʹڵյ
ʵ.
@ԧö:  .,. áڡ   . ڻ   .. /-/   ..
@/-/
          حڨյ Իʵ. һ һ ˵յ   
˵. ڻ Ҹڵ  ҳһǵڵԯҹ ʷ  
 ˵. ­ ਵ  ǵڶ Ҩ Ҩ, ⡻  ,  ҨԵ,
­ڨ  ڢ  Ҩ,  صڵҷԡ ,  յ Ƿ.
       Ͷ  "ҷ  ඵ ڢٹ  " بک. һ
" ԯԡ ڻԡ  ڻڵ ඵ , ͻ  ⾸ʵڵҹ
ҨԳڳҨԳ ҳ , ·Է ҹԻó " .
൹ صڵ:-
                  "  dzڳ  آ  
                   ڶ  Թڷ 
                   Ҫ Թ ͹صڵ
                  ڢٹ ڪ š˵.
                     
                   صڵԨ    ï
                  ʵڨ   
                  Ԩ    ". -
          ڶ š˵ٵ Ҫ   ҷ ڱԵ
ʡڡڻڵʷ ʹڷԯԡ   š˵ ڢٹ ҵ.
        ˹ڵ   . ҵ Ծھ  ҹ   ó,
ͻԨ ʵ ⾸ʵڵҹ  طڸ  Ҩ ҨԳ ҵ Ԩ
Թ ೹  շ   ⵵.
@ԧö:  .. /-/
       ǭڨ  ǵ Ҫ  ʭ໵ ǡ Ǫڪ ҳ "
ǡ   ͡ڢչ   ҵ զ ػڻ௵ ˵
ԯ". ൹ صڵ:-
     []  " ǡ د        ڸ  Ǹ
            ¹          ػڻ௵ ǹԾھ.
     []    ⨷       Ǩ
           طڸԵҹ ҷ       ԭڪ Ҩ".
       ڶ دյ دҹ ,   ڢط ¡Ԩڨ
յ ʵ.  ڸյ  .   ͵Է á ڶ 
صڵ ҹڢ ŷ,   êڬյ ͸Իڻ.  Ǹյ "ҡ
í ڢٹ ػڻ" Եڵصʹ  Ǹ áڻ  һڪ.
 ¹ڵ  . ǹԾھࡵ Ҩ. ˹ڵ . طڸԵҹ
ҷյ  Ǫ í ͡ڢԡٻ  ͡ڢԹ ػڻ௵ í ˵
ͷ.
       ෹   ʵڶࡹ طڸԵ ͷ.   Թ "صڵ ҷ
ԡڢԵǪڪ í ͡ڢ ʵڶҵ" ʪڪҹ ʵ ʪڪس೹
ػڻ ǵ ڢԳڢ ػԧڦ, ͡ڢ ǵڵ, ءڢ
Ƿ ػڻڪ.  ǵ ع ػԧڦ, ͡ڢ ͡ڢԡٻ بڨ,
ǵ Ƿ طҷ,  õ ǵ ػ, ͡ڢ
ʸŹ ԾԵ ͡ڢԡٻ ԡڢ صڵࡹ ھҹ ͯ,
͸ڵ Ƿ طҷ, Ե ڦ, ǵڶүһ ൹ . ø
 ڨ í ҷ Ե " ͡ڢչ  ,  ͡ڢչ  "
һ .
       Ҫ Ƿ ͸ʵ "ҵ  ڨ " .  "Ҹ "
˵ඹ ͡ڢ õ ڢԳ˵ඹ ʵڶ ҷ ͡ڢصڵ ԹڷԵ
͡ڢ ˵ ʵڵ ˵ .  ڢԹ ڢԳڢ ࡵ
ԨڨҤյ ҹ ءڢǷ - ෹ " "
 ໵ "  ڢ ʵ೹ ʤ೹ ʵʤ೹
ڵڢ µ,   Է ͡ڢԷҹ ڨ ˵"  ͡ڢ
ͷ.   ءڢԻԵ ͵ڵ ͡ڢ ,  ҹǹ
ԡԵػڻ  ص ػ. ʵ ڢԹ   ͡ڢ 
" طԹڹ  ͡ڢ" ͹ؤڤ յ ùڵ د ص
ͻڻ ͷ. ʡ⡻    Ҫʹ ԡڢԵ Ҫ
ࡹڵ  ԡڢԵ š .
          í   ͡ڢչ ү ͻڻڵҹ ھळڱء - 
ؤڤ൹ ʻԳ౹ õ Եڵٻ  , Ƿ کԪڪ. Ͷ
ʵ Ի  Ե " ͹ڸ êહҵ ڨҹ êڪ
෵ ҹ ڵ ھԵ  " Թ൵
ڨҹ ڶ ਵ "آǹҷԷ    ʹڵ ˵,
áԨڨػ  êڪء ڸ" ǵ ԡ ڵ ⻡ڢóԵ
Ҫŧ շ. ڨһ ǹڷԵ ԡڡ. ⾸ʵ⵻ ͵ڵ ҹ
Ǫ.   ʡڡ ʹ سҡ . ʡ  
"Ҫ   ڢ Իҡԡ " ⾸ʵڵ ջ ڵ
ʷڷ. ʵ൹  " " ص:-
@ԧö:  . ҹءڢǷ   ...ڱء
           "ʡ Թ     Ҥ ǹڵ
             Ҫ          ԭڨ Ԩک" -
ǵ ൹:-
           "ٵ   ʡڡ         ڻ
           ͹ڸ   ҹ     ó بڨ". -
ص Ͷ  ʡ  "Ҫ    Եء ص ó ,
ط ͹ڸǹ". ͹ڸǹ ҵ. "Ҫ ҹ   
ڻµڶ µ, ԯڶ» ڨ ˵,   ҹح
 ʨڨ ,    ڢ ػڻڪʵ" ص "൹
  ҷҹ طԹڹ" ǵ ʨڨ ù:-
           "  ҨԵ¹ڵ      ҹ⤵ڵ ǹԾھ
           »  Ҩ ڶ      ʻ   
           ൹ ʨڨǪહ       ڢ  ػڪ" -
.
       ڶ  ڵ   ҨԵҤکڵ, ػ Ҥ    յ
Ҩ Ԩکù  Ҩ, Ż   . ൹ҵ   ʾྻ
Ҩ , ʨڨǵ  صڵ, ൹  ʨڨǨ๹ ͡ ڢ ػڪ
ػڻڪٵ.
          Ͷ Ǩڵ  ڢ طҷ.  ص ػڻڪڶ:-
           "   ҨԵ Ҥ     ڢعڵ 
            ڢٹ ҷ        ǹԾھ.
@ԧö:  .. /-/   .. //
              յ       ʭڨڻ
           ൹ ʨڨǪહ       ص  ػڪ" -
.
          ڶ  ڵ  . ʵ  ڢҨ . Ҥҵ Ҥ.
ǹԾھ⵵ Ҩڵ.  յ  ڢٹ  ͹ڸŻ ٻ
Ƿ ͤ೵ " طԹڹ  ҹ" ڨǡڢڵ   ͵á
յ . ʭڨڻڵ ͻҳ  ػڻڪ. ൹ҵ 
  ͹ڻ յ ػڻڹ, ʨڨǵ  صڵ, ൹ 
ʨڨǨ๹ صڻ ڢ ػڪٵ.
        صڻ ڢ طҷ. ҹ  ڢٹ  ҡԡҹ, 
Ծھҹ. ʡڡ  Թڹ ڢ ع ҡԡ ҵ  ʡڡ,
ػ˵ڢ  Ծھڢ  ػڻڪ, صڵ¹  ҷڬ
Իյ ͵ڵ ҹյ ػҷ յԼóʹ Ծھڵҹ "ʨڨԵҨڢٹ"
صڵҹ. ൹ صڵ:-
     []  "ҹ ෹ڵ      Թڹҹ  
           Եڵ ͭ ڶ      ⾸ ó".
          ڶ ҹҵ ڢٹ ҵ Ǫહ ػڻ௹ڵ. ෹ڵҵ
ػڻүԵҹ ҹ ʡڡ ˵ ໹ڵ. Թڹҹҵ
ڢطҹ Թڹ. Եڵ ͭҵ ҹڬ ͭ. ⾸
óҵ ڨ ʾھصҳ ˵ٵ ͵.
@ԧö:  .. /-/
       [] ʾھصҳ ط  طءڡ  ڵ  ڢٹ
 ͵ڵʻ ͻڻµҵ ʹ "  " ҹҶ. ڶ
͵ڵ    µ   Իҵ. ͵ڵ   تڬԵ,
 ͻڻµ ͵. "͵ڵҹ   ¹"Ի . ʵ:-  ͵ڵҹ
    ت  تڬԵ     تڬԵ⾵. "͵ڵһ
  "Ի ڵ. ͷ˹ڵ ͷ . "ͷ˹"Ի .
            ⾸ʵڵ ʨڨ ڢ ػڻ ʡڡҹǹ ʾھ
Ҫ ʹڹԻԵ . Ͷ ʡ Ҫ ҡ :-
           " Ե Ҷ    չ ïDZڲ
           ͵ҹ  ๵ڵҹ      Ծھҹ - Է.
           áرڱ         Ԥڤ ھ
           ڵ ªʵ         ʹ ͹ڵ " -
 Ҷ ص  š . ⾸ʵ⵻ Ҫ ˹൹
ʡڡù  Ե Ҫ˷ ʪڪ ڱ Եʵک
Ҫҹ Ҫ   ʹ:-
                  " ո Եڵ   Ҩ
                  ͻ ԯ ػڻ ͵ڵ
                  ԧڦ ʾ  Ҥ
                  Ծھҹ ๵ڵҹ ڪ ʶ.
           áرڱ         Ԥڤ ھ
           ڵ ªʵ         ʹ ͹ڵ .
@ԧö:  Ծҹ ()   .. /-/
            Ҥڵ ڶ ԭڨ  ڨҹ Ը 
            ҹ ڢ        ŷڸ  ڢ ҹ.
                  ͵ڻ  
                  ෶ ҹҹ حڪ
                    ص  ¶ҹ
                  ͹ԹڷԵ ʤڤ໶ ҹ" -
 Ҷ .
       ڶ  Եҵ Ҫ   Ҷ   Ե.
Ծھҹյ Ծھҹصڵҹ. Էõ Էʹڵ. áرڱڵ
áرڱ. Źڵ . Ԥڤҵ ͵ԡڡԵ. ڵ ʷ
ªʵ ٻʹ ͹ڵ ูڵ.
           ոҵ   Ը. ͻ ԯڵ صڵڻ ҹ.  Ҥڵҵ
Ҥڻҳ ͭ   ڶ. Ը ൵  . "Ը
ǵ"Ի ڵ,   ҹҹڵ ͵. ҹʹڵ Ծھڢ 
ŷڸ, Թ ೹ ǷԵھ "Ҥ صڵ  ڶ". ͵ڻ
ҵ ͵  ŷڸ Ծھڢ һ.
          Ե   Ҷ    , Ͷ  ͹Ƿڸڻ
 Ҫ ʹڹԻ൵  .  ص Ҫ ҹҷչ
حҹ  š .  Ǫ ҹڷ . ʡ
͹طڸ, ʻ طڸ, Ҫ š.
@ԧö:  .. //
        Ըһ صڵ ¶  Էڸõھ.   
¶ ͷԹڹؾھ ¸ǵڶ  ˵,  ͻԵ ҷҹ
ǵ൹ڵ ൹ ͻԵد     ͪڬڵԡǵڶء ҹ , 
   ⡨ Ҥڵ ͪڬڵԡ ¸ ,   ⡨ Ҩ 
˷  , ¹  Ե ʹڹط ʹ  طڸù
 ԵԹڷ ڦùڵ ˷ Ե .   
, Ţ๹ Ť̻ ػڻ௹   ػڻ௵ .
 Ե  , Թ ԪڬԵ ¹ڵ  Ե ػյ Ҫ
õ Ե .   ⡨ "   ڻǵڵ, ڶ 
ʡ " , Ҫ ͻ๵  ͵ڵҹ ǵ ʡ
.    ⡨ ͡ڢչ  , ԭڪ ù 
͡ڢչ ػڻ௵  յ  ͹Ҹóǻڻڵҹ
⾸ʵڵҹ dzԡ õ Եڡػڻڵ, ڢҨ Ե
ڨһʪڪҷ ҹһ  Ǩ ͹ҷԵ ͵ڵ
Եڡҹٻ Իڵ   յԻǷ,  յ Ե
 ʡڡ  ʨڨҡó, ൹  ͵ڵ ڢٹ Իҡԡ,
ʭڨ Ծھҹǵҵ ҷ ʵڵ سҹ ǷԵھҵ.
                      Ҫdzڳ ԯԵ.
                         --------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=52&A=1684 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=52&A=1684 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=33&i=216 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=33&A=8762 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=33&A=11468 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=33&A=11468 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_33

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
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