͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (ڶ.)

                       .  ⾸Ԩdzڳ
      [] عһ ·          ⾸ 
            ҹ          ๡ڢ Թԡڢ.
      []   صԡ         ʹڹ
           һ ǯ ͹໡ڢ      ๡ڢ Թԡڢ.
      []  Թڹڸ         ͹໡ڢ  
           ùڵ Ԥ          ҳ ػҤ.
      [] ڶ  Ի         ʯ  
           ҡ ͻڻʷ        Ҫ .
     #[]  ص ⾸յ ⾸ԻԾھҪڵ ػҷ Ը "⾸"
 ûԵ,     ҵ - ͵ڵ યҵԡҷ
⾸ ⵵ ھ. ҵ د , ڻڹŵ ͵.
 ҹ ⵵ ҷ Եھǹ Ե. ๡ڢڵ ͵ڶ
ʷڷ  , ൹ "ҹ"  ҡڲµ. Է صڵ ˵:-
ҵԪҾҸó ͻ·ءڢ, ͵ ǯگš ءڢ, ͹Ҥ ǯگš ءڢ,
ڨػڻ û¯š ءڢڵ  ͯڹ Ǥǵڶٹ
ڨǡڢ೹ ʾھڻ ҷ   ػҹ  Ծھҹ
 ػٵ Իʹ ػٵ  ھڪҵ Է Ըڻ ๡ڢ
͹ҷԷู ҳڢع ڻԻڢ  һʻھڪٻ๹
๡ҷչҡ ˯ ԹԡڢԵ ⵵.
@ԧö:  .. /-/-
     #[]  صԡҵ ҳصԡ, ԡ һٵ. ʹڹҵ
ڨʹڹڵ. ǯ ͹໡ڢҵ  . ๡ڢ Թԡڢյ
๡ڢڶ  ԡڢ, ھյ ͵.
     #[]  ¹ڵ ʵڵ ൹ҵ , , ǹ . 
 ҵ Ҿڸ Թڹڵ Թڹڸ.  Ծڸ ʵ
Էҹ ھԵҹڻ ʭڨ  ˵ ڸ, һ  ʵ "͹໡ڢ
 " صڵ. ڶ ŵ ػҡ. ೵ һʤ, 
⹵ بڨڵ. ػҤعڵ   ػҤ.
     #[]  ڶҵ ҳ. Իҵ ǹ. ҡŵ
ʭڨԵڵ  ͹ҡ. ͻڻʷ෵ Ԥڢչ دһ - 
Եʷ෹һ Եڵ ͻڻʷ. Ҫ  ҳí
     .  ͹ػؾھԡ:- ͵  
ڷ ⾸ʵ š Ե ͭ Ԥ ͡ 
 ص ص Ծھڵ,  ڤ˳ "⾸ԡ" 
. »ڻ  ڡ ڵ ʾھԻڻҹ ؤڤԵ
ڨҤ ͹Ԩکҹ ҵһԵ ҵԡ šԡ . һ
šص صڵٻ ǨکһҤ.  ͹Ԩکҹҹ  ͭ
 . Թڹڻ   طҨ  ٵؾ, Ҥʹ
ͭ šڻ ,    Եʤ.  طڸ .
      ͻ ʵ ҵһԵ   áԨڨ  
໵ "   յ⡯Ը ˵ ࢹ " . 

@ԧö:  . ػһ
»صڵҵ.  ๹ Ԩڨ ڶ, ھյ.   ھڪ
Եڶչڻ  ǯگյ. ǯگ ෵. ൹  ڻ ๹ Ԩڨ ڶ,
ڻ ھյ.   ʾھ  ԨڨԵ ҷҹ 
ԡڢԵ í Ե ھԵ حکҨ Ҽ ໹ڵ
ھڪ  Ǩکҹ Ե ųھǹڶ ԡ ùڵ
͹ػؾྐྵ ҳ  Ҫ . ൹ صڵ "Ҫ ".
      []  ඡ Ҫ ҹ  ҹ ͡ ھڪࢹ
յԹڵҹ  ջҹ ڵ ҷԡ صڵٻ ԾھҪԡ
ࡹ ʹ ԾڸԵ ص ⾸ʵڵ "  ԾھҪԡ 
˵" بک. ൹ "  ԭڨ ˵,  ͡ھڪ ھԵ, ͻ   
ԡ ҷԨԡ " ص Ҫ " õ  ԭڨ ˵, ͻ 
  ԡ ҷԨԡ , ¹ڹٹ  ͹ൻ ,
  Իڵ ҹ" ͹ڸ ڶ ͵ڵ ԾڸԵڵ
õ ʡ⡹ ͭ  ҳ " ԾھҪԡ Ҫʹ
".
        سԵ "͸  ǵڵ"ҷչ ǵ ҹ 
 ҷ . ⾸ʵ  ǹʷڷ ص ͡ ࡵ ع
 . "  ,  Եڵ ʵ   ͹ڵ
ʵ" Ż Ǫહ շ. ൹ صڵ "ҹʹ
ڵ, Ҫ ͷڷ Թ"ҷ.
      ڶ    ҵ    ,  ,
ط Թ  ҹ  ͭ .
      []     ҵ   ԡ  ,
ھԵ     , һ  ͵ ,  
˸ ͡ʹ, ڻ ԾھҪ ڻ ԾھҪԡҵ ҹ
ԾھҪ๹ ͡ʹ, ʾԹյ ͵.
      []   õڵ⵵ ह õ ص Ծ.
໵ҹ ਯࡵ ਯ ໵ ਯ  ͵ڵ Ҫ
ҳ໵  ԾھҪԡ ໵. Իڻ¹ ҵ  ͹Ԩکҹ
 ҡڲԡڲҷԹ Իڻ¹ ู, һ ͤکڵ 
šڡù Ҫ ໵ ͵ڵ ͹ൻ .
      []  ͷڵҵ طڵ Ե Ե ͷڵԡ , Է
Ǩ ҳصԡǹ ػšڢڵ ھ.   ʹ
ҵһԵ ڻԻҷԵ, "ͷڵ" -  ǹ šڢ . ˪ҵ
ھڪҪҵʹ ˪ҵ,  "͡ʹ". "͡ʹ"  Է
 ڨڵ, ͡ʹҵ ͵. ¹ڵҵ ¹ڵ.  
ػڪҵ   ԡ   ǵ, ھԵ 
ʾԹ ˪ҵ Թ,    šڡù ҡڲԵ µ.
"⾸Ծ   ǹ" ๹  á
ԡ ࡹ ʹ  ""  ù   
Եڵ -   د.
      [-]   ػڻ๵ ⡻ػڻڵ , 
ػڻڵڵҵ ͵. žھԹڵ ͵ڵ Ż Ǫ.
 ⡻ ԤڤԹڵ    ¶ҹԹ  ⡻ .
ҷ DZڲԵٻյ  ͡ػڻڵ ػ طڸ DZڲԵ  ͷ. Է
صڵ ˵:-  ػڻڹ  "  ⾸ԻԾھҪ ʾھ
õ ʾھصҳ ԪڬԵء,   Է ൻ
ػڢŹ, - Է عڹ
@ԧö:  . ͷڵԹ   .,. ڵԵڵ   . ػšڢ
⵷ շڵ طڷ õ Եء  ˵" ͵ڵҹ
Ե ʧڢҹŹ    ⡻ Ԥڤ˵ ع ػڻڪʹ
DZڲԵ  ͷԹڵ.  "·  Թ"ҷ.
      ʵ:-  ԾھҪԡ   Ҫ  ͭ -  ⡨ Գ»
Ե ʵڵ ⡯, ڱҢڱԡ · Թ,  ʹൻ 
͵ڵ Ż  Թ, ? ⾸  ó, ʾھڶ
͢ڱԵ ʡڡ ⾸ һسԵ,  Եùҵ.
      []     ҵ   ҵ ⤵൹ Żڻʹ
Ҩڻڵ ûԨ¹ ھڪҷԤسڻڵ ҵ ʾھڻù   
  ͻڻ, ͵  ͻڻ ⡨ ڶ.     Ԫڪյ
ڻ    Ԫڪ, ͵ڶ .  Ҥ ڻ, Ԩک 
دԵ  ҡڲ  Իඵ  ˵ ¶ԨکԵҹ ڵ
ⶵ ʵ. ʾھص  ˹ڵ  ԾھҪԡ ʵ೹
ʤ೹ ʵʤ೹ ʾھصҳ  .  ҹáڢʹڵ
൹ ೹  ͹áڢ.
      Ͷ  Ҫ  ڨ ͡ զ ء  ԾھҪԡ
໵ ˹൹ ʹ .   ͤس ھڪ س ͵ڵ
⾸ʵڵ  ˹ڵ ڢڸ  ह ھԵǭڨ . Ҫ ࡹ
¹    Թ " ԾھҪԡ ǵ ҳ, ʻ
ԾھҪ  ҡڲԵ ҹ  ԭڨ Իڻ . ʾھڶ
໡ڢԵ,     ٻ,   سǹ Իڻ,
¹ڹٹ
@ԧö:  . 
 ԾھҪԡ ˵ ҹ ڵ , ڨ ԾھҪ ¹".
  Թ൵ "ԾھҪԡ ҹ ๶"  ҳ໵ 
 ڵ ⾸ʵڵ ػʧڡԵ بک " ھԵ   
ԾھҪԡ ҹ   ػڻڪԵڶ". ʵ :-
             "ػڻڪ   بڨԵڶ     بڨԵڶ 
             ê Ի د        Իڻ Թ". -
       ص Ҫ "    ⡻ ʹڸ Ƿ, ط ͭ ԭڨ
Իڻҷԡ" Թ൵ ع بک:-
             "  ػڻڪ  بڨ     بڨ 
             ê Ի د          ". -
      ڶ ػڻڪյ ͡ ػڻڪ,  ع ػڻڪ.  بڨԵڶҵ
Ǩԡػڻҷʹ   بڨԵڶ,    ǵڵԵ ʪԹڵ
͵. ê Ի دյ ¶  ҹ ک  ػڻڹ ê Ի
͡دԸ - ҹ õ,   ٻ , Թڵ
͵.
      Ͷ һ ҹڻù  ҷչ ʹ:-
             "   ʵ    ͪ Ҹ ʵ
               ػڻڪ  بڨ   ⤨.
             ¹ ൹ ڷڵ     Եڵ ءڢ
               ػڻڪ  بڨ   ⤨.
@ԧö:  .. //   . ͡د
             ԭڨ ҹ      ʷڶ Ǿتڬ
               ػڻڪ  بڨ   ⤨.
                   ¹  ҵ
                   áڡ Իŭڨһ ͵ڶ
                      ڷ
                    Ҫ   بڨ.
              ڶҹ -     µ
               ˵           Թ.
              ڷ       Ԫҹ
                  ʻ  ˵.
             ͤڤ Գ          DZڲ
             µ          ̻ ڷ.
             ͹Թ ࡵ         ٻ
             һõ         ءڡ ڷ" -
 Ҷ  .
      ڶ  ʵյ ͵ڵڶڻ  ʵ,  õڶ. Ҹ ʵյ ͵ڵڶ
õڶ µڶڨ  ʵ. ⤨õ Իڻҹ ,
Իڻ  ⤨  Թڸ ͵ҵ ⤨. ءڢ⹵
ءڢ Ԩکڵ. ʷڶڵ ͵ڵ ͵ڶ رڲ. áڡõ ͻ Թ.
 ⹵ 
@ԧö:  . ڶҹ   .. /-/-
 ª ˵ ʹ ڹҤ. ڷյ ǹ ʵ
ڷ.   بڨҵ  ʹڵԡ ڢ  , ;ڵ  .
Ծھ ⵵ ͵.    صڵ ǹ Ե൹
ԯԵڶҵԻ ͵.
      ڶҹԹڵ ó . "ҹԹ"Ի . ҵ 
. Թյ ͤڤ.  Ԫҹ⵵  ͪҹڵ.  ൵
óصڵ¡óšڢ -  óڶ    . ʻ
ҵ ʻ   ู   ͤڤԹ ˵. ͹Թ ࡵҵ
͹Թڸ ͤڤ . ҵ  ͸ʹڵ ڹҤ ؤڤ
ءڡ   ŷ  ͻһ һõյ.
      Ҫ ʵڵ  ص һ ԾھҪԡڻ Ҫ Ҥ
໵ " ھڪآ ͹ǹڵ   ʶ,   ԡ
áڢóصڵ " ǵ ǹڷԵ ڡ.    .
ͻ ԾھҪԡ  ͡. ⾸ʵ ǹڵ Ե ҹԭ
Ծھ൵ ػ š .  ԾھҪԡ
ҵ , Ҫ ҹڷ, ⾸ԻԾھҪ š.
       Ըһ ¶ ʻ Էڸõھ.  ˹ڵ ڢڸ
˹ڵڨ ҵԻǯگ  Թԡڢʷ  ԡڢ,  ԡڢԵ
ھԵ ت  ڻԨک     Ťڤ,
ͨڨڵ ʡڡêԤبک ǡõ, ͵ǵ  Ţصڵ,
ٻ ǵ ҳ ԾھҪԡ ͹حҵ - ͵ڵ 
šڡù ҹ Ż Ǫવ ԡҹһڵ, һ  
ҪԹ
@ԧö:  . óصڵšڢ   . ͭҵ
ػ ԵԵڵ ڵԵڵ ػ໵ ԯԡڻ
ʹڵ ҷ Ը һ سҹ ǵھ. ๵ بڨ
" ͨک    ͹ظ".
                         ⾸Ԩdzڳ
                           -----------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=52&A=3447 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=52&A=3447 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=33&i=222 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=33&A=9006 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=33&A=11755 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=33&A=11755 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_33

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㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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