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мվҤѹط
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Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (ڶ.)

                       .  ҵڤdzڳ
        [] عһ ·         ؤڤһ
             ҵ       ⵵.
     #[]  ʵڵ ŵ ǹ, Ҿڸʵ ͵. ؤڤһ⹵
کҹ Թڷҹ һ Ԥڤ˹ ʧڢҵ ؤڤһ ͵ҵ
ؤڤһ, õ ԵԹڷµ - ͵. Ͷ  ҹڻ
ԯԡҷ ͹ ؤڤó  ڱһ ҹ 
"ؤڤ" ŷڸ  ҵ໹ ʹڵһ ؤ ໵յ ؤڤһ.
ҵ  ҵ  ҵ . ҵڤ Ծھڵ ҵ
Ҥ  ͵ . ҵ ڻ ػطڸ. ⵵
ػûڻҸ د , ҹһڵյ ͵.
        ⾸ʵ ڱ¹ ԾھڵԵ ໹ طڷ Թ
ڱŤ ʵ. "ҵڤڱ" ʹ. ඡ   ڢ
 ¹ Ҥ ڢڵ ̹ڵ. ͭһ š
ʻڳطԡ ǡ  ໹ ʹ ҷԡ "͵ڵ
ҹٻ ڢڵ " ٵڪڪҷչ ʡ ໵
ʾھʵ ö ˵ ù ҹ ک. ԯڤԡ ,
  ʳԵ ٻ "ڤŹ"    Ԩک, ൹
"ԯڤԡ"  طҷ.
       ⾸ʵ  د ŵԡ ʵ ڪԵآҤ
dzطڱ ˵ Ҫ˵  ʵ     աóڶ
൹ dzط౹ ʭ ù. Ͷ ԯڤԡ "ö ö" ó
ù ͵ڵ  ҹ ÷ ҵڤ  " "
. " ҵڤڱ"  ص "շ  ҹ  رڲ" ҹ
ǵڵ.  "  ҹ ڵ  ڪڪҷ , 

@ԧö:  . ԵԹڷµ
ҵह ͹ڵ " ػԵ "˶ ڱŹ" űڱ Ե
ʭٵ ൵ ͤ.
         ʵ Ե د  بک "   
ʾھҸó, ط ҹ  ". ʾ Ҹóڵ. "
ʾھҸó ͡ڵ ͻڡڵ  ԯڤԡ   ͹¾ʹ
ع" öԡ ҹ ਵ "˹ڷ  ҹ Թڷ"
 ʹ ڵ " ԯڤԡ ŷڸ  د"
Իڪ. ԯڤš Ե "÷ ҵ Ի" ص " ҡԡ
෶, Ź  ࢵ ک" .  "ԯڤԡ ŷڸ 
د" .  ೹ " ҡ ෶ ʡ ҷ һ
 ճ  һʵ һ ෶" صൻ  ڻԨک . 
 ൹ڵҹ   ͵ڶڤ.
      Ͷ ԯڤԡ ҵ ҷ  ҳԻҡ ԡڢԻ໵
 ʹڵԡ ڵ "ҵ ҵڤ ԯڤԡ ͻҸ ,  ҹ
  ʵ " صൻ  ڻԨک, Իڪ .  
 ԻڪԵ ʵڵ  ڻ ڵ ڵ ʡ 
 دԵ " ҵڤ  د໶, ԡ  ෶,  
Եڶ" .      ʸ " ÷ 
ԻڪԵ ڱ õ, ൹ ù ʷڸ ʵڵʵڵ ڱ ˹ڵ".
       ԯڤԡ ҵһԵ ԯڤԡ ŵԡ ໵
ڱҹبکԡ ԡڢ  ҹ   ʹڵԡ ๵ "˹ڷ ҹ
ԡ د " ͷ.   " .  "
͵ Ź, ˵ ˵  د" .   ͡. ҵ "
͹⵹ Ե  , , Թ ڱŤ "  ͻ
͵ڵ  ͤ. " ԯ Ե" ҵҳ Ƿڵ.
         ڵ ҵյԡڡ ͡ Ի  Ե
 ˵ Թ "  š  ڱ ,
˹ڷ ҹ  ڤʤڤڻڵ ".  í Ե ھԵ
ʵڵ˾ڵ ͯһڵ ڨԭ Ծھ൵ Էڸ
ڱŤ ͵Ե ˷  ԯڤԡ ໵ "
  ͹Ҷ  ھ" ҹ "   Թڵ, 
ҳ Էҹ ˹ڵ  ,   `Ҿ  , 
ҵ,  š ,  ʵڵ  سڳ ڷڱ ԹڷԵ
Ҥʵ'  " ǵ ǹڵ .
      ԯڤԡһ ҳ Ҫ     . Ͷ
سڳ ⾸ʵ ڷڱ  Ե ڵ
໵ ڷڱ ԹڷԵ ҷªԡ ҳ ʡ ïڨ
  ҡ ͵Ե ҳ ػ ԡڢڵ ԾԵ
Ҫ๹ ڸҷ ٪ ڱŤ . ڵ
ʹڹԻԵ  ڱŤ ڵ ԯڤԡ  طڸǵڶڸҷ
ҹ  ŧڡ. ԯڤԡ   صع ˵. ʵ ڶ
ڵ ԯڤԡ ͧڤد  Ե "   ԯ,
 صڵ Ԫ, ڻ ص⵻  ڤʤڤڻڵ ʶ, 
ǹط - ʡŪھط Ҫٹ ⡷ ʵ, ⹷  
⵷ ʵ,    ԭڨʹڵ, -  ʾھ بڨʹڵ,
̡ڳ  بڨʹڵ,
@ԧö:  ҷǹط (ҵ-. / ..)   .. ԭڨʹڵ
 ҷԯ  ໵ ǹڷڵ  ʹڵ, ǹ 
ǹڷڵ ʵ ʹڵ, ڢػ  ǹڷڵ ࡡ һ 
ǹڷʹڵ, ͻڻڵ "  ǷԵ  ԡڢ Ҫ
ʹڵ ڷڱ .
      ڵ ʹڹԻԵ ԯڤԡ ˹൹ ʡڡù  ʵ
˹൹ ह ڶ . ҹʷʭڨ ʹ . ڶ
๵  ʡڡ ػ. صڵҷ ʾ ⾸ʵ൹ صڵʷ
.   ԯڤԡ ص൹  Ծڸ حڪڵ,
ڵ  ùڵ, ๡ҹ ҹ  µ. Ͷ ʵ " ͯ
Իڻʹ, ˹ڷ ڢ ҹ" ԡڢ ù  
ڵ ൹ ʷڸ ŻԵ ͤ. Ͷ  Ҷ:-
                  "  Ҥک 
                  ͵ ػҨ
                  ʧڡ حڨ 
                      ͷڢ".
      ൹ صڵ ͹Ҩ ҹ ǵ  ʭڨ ҹ
ҹ آ Իǵ.   ԯڤԡ ʵڵ ػʧڡԵ
ڶ . ⾸ʵ " ͹Ҩ ˹ ¡  Իڻ ,
ͻ     بکԯԳڱ   ԭڨԵ  Իڻ
ٻ" . һ    ٻ. Ͷ ԯڤԡ صڵ  "ҵ
  ڢ  ҵڤڱԵʷ ǹڵ,    
ҵ൹,
@ԧö:  .. //
ڵʪڬ¹൹  ҹڶڸ" ǵ   ҷԤسصڵ
ҹһڵ  ਡطڸ ,  ҷ ػڻյ.
       ǵڵǵչ ҵ    ھԵһ ҵ
 ˹ڵ ҹ. ʵ " ҹ Թڷ"  ҹ ڵ
ʹ ػ  . ൹ صڵ:-
         [] "˭ڨ    ڤҡ 
                ػ         ˯ ʵ ".
      Ͷ ʵ ͡ ڵ ҷԵ "Է ҵڵ 
Ťڤ" ͸ԯ  .   ط Ҩڵ  ͤڤ,  
 " " ǵ " ̡ڳ Ҥ, ػ "
طڸʵ ک ʵڵ  " ҵ" بک. ڱյ.
  ڵ ҵԵڵ.  ҵ. "  ڱ ̡ڳ  Ը
, ˯ " ǵ ˯ ʹ൹ ҵ ڵ ʵ
Ҥڵ  Ťڤ " ,  Ը , ʵڵ  ʵڵ 
طڸ ʵ" . ൹ صڵ:-
         [] "Ԩù ͹ء      طڸ  ڷ
              ڶ  ʵ     ʻ طڸŹ.
         [] ·˹ڵ ػ     ·   ⤻
              ࡵҹ       ԡ ".
     #[]  ڶ Ԩù ͹ءյ بکԯڵ ͵ڵ  Ť
 Ҥʹʹ ڤ  ͹Ԩù. طڸ  ڷҵ ͵ڵ
ʹҹ ػ   ڳ ͷڷڢ. ڶ  ʵҵ 
 Ҥڵ ҵ ص ǻԡڡԵ ǹٻ  "  ڱ
̡ڳ  Ը "ҷչ ǵ ¹ ʹڵવ. ʻ طڸŹڵ
" Եء, ͵ զ " ǵ "  ڡ,  
ʵڵ  ʵڵ طڸ ŵ"  ʻ ͷ.
         ໹ طڸ ŵյ?  ŵ,   , 
óµڪ ط ڡʵյ ʭ ʹڵʹڶ  .
     #[]  ·˹ڵ ػ¹ڵ  ҹڶڸ ٯ  ·
ت. ·   ⤻µ  ·  á, Է  
Ե໡ڢ  áڢԵھڵ ·  Թ¹ڵ ͵. ࡵҹ
,  ԡ ҵ ʨ   ͻڻ .  ԵڵҨ
  Իڻʹڹ ǵ   د  Էڸ¹ڵ
͸Իڻ. ʵڶ   ͵ڵ ͻڻյ ʵ ǵ ีھ  ͹ڶ
͵ڵ ڵھ    " ԡ ".
      Եڱҷ  "⾸ʵ   Ԩک Էڸ ԡ ,
ǭ ʵ   ͵ تء  ˵".   Ǩ
" Էڸ ٻҵ Ƿ, Էڸ  ͸ԯҹ Էڸ ԡؾھ Էڸ
 Էڸ ҳԻڼ Էڸ ҸԻڼ Էڸ  Էڸ
Իҡ Էڸ ح Էڸ Ԫڪ Էڸ ڶ ڶ
һ¤ڻڨ Ԫڬ Էڸյ Ը. ڶ " Էڸ "?
ǹ¹ڵ.   ǹ ٻҵ ˵յ?  ͡ Ҩ
"͡ ˵" Ƿڵ, ¶   Եء ط  Ե û
µ, ⵻ Ԫڪ,  ǹ Էڸ ͡ ٻҵ ˵,
    ʵ.
      Ͷ  "ǹ Էڸ  ͡   ٻҵ ˵"
ǵ بکԵ " ǹ Էڸ  ͡ ;ҡ آ Ƿ
ڻصڵ ءڢ Ƿ ڻصڵ ͷءڢآ Ƿ ڻصڵ
ԵڡԨ ԵڡԨڵ ԵڡԨ Ǩ ٻǨ
ٻǨ"? ҹ "ǹ Էڸ  ;ҡ  ͷءڢآǷ
ԵڡԨ ٻǨ" - ǡڢ.  ǵڵ "ҳҵԻҵਵ ҷ
 ⡯ "? ҹ ǡڢ "ҳҵԻҵਵ ͡ ءڢǷ
ԵڡԨ Ǩ".  ʹ "   ŵڵࡹ ,
 Ƿҵڵࡹ  Եڡڵࡹ  ڵù"  ø ʵ
ʭ໵, ·   "ع  ԡڢ ม    
Էڸ Իڻ ͭ بکԤ  һࡹ ҹ໡ڢԵ ˵
` ǵ   بکԤ   ʵڶԹ Թԡڢ'. ڻ ԡڢ
ڻ ػ ˵" ʧڤյ ͹ ڻصڵ ط,
һ " ͵ڶ  ҹ. Էڸ Իڻ⵵  ͵ڶ  ǹ
Էڸ ͸Ի໵, Ҷھԡ Էڸ ͸Ի໵.   ͵ڶ žҹ žյ
ǹ Էڸ ٻ  ǵ" ʭ໵.   ʭڵ
໵,   વ.  ¶صڵǵڶ Ҷ ͵
ǷԵ.
        ൹ ʻ ʵ "ʨ ͵ تڬ,  
áڢԵ ʵ, ػ ҹ Թڷ,   áڢ ʵ"
ʵڵ  ؤڤ .   ͹ؤڤ๹ ؾھ
ҵڵһ ػʧڡԵ "   ؤڤڵ  ෶"
بک. -  "  , ڤҵ   ڱŵһ ʵ, ʵ
 " . 
@ԧö:  .. ٻǨ ҵ   . Ƿ
ʵڵ ػʧڡԵ "   ؤڤڵ  ෶" بک.
ʵ.  óҵ. ҡ ٻһ  ûҸ ʻ, 
Ҥڵ һڶ     ʪյ.  ڵ 
ҡڲڵ ๵ ʵڵ ҷ Իڪ໵ ໵ "
ʪશ " .  ʡڡ ʪવ, ʨ ʪ, 
ʵڵ طڸ ʵյ. Ͷ   ҵ. ʵ "ڵԡһԳڱ
ö" ໵ " һ  ໵ һ ͵õ
ط ໶. - ·  ʵ,  һ ط تڪ" ǵ 
ʪ.  د ڵԡһԳ ʵڵ Ԫڪ. һ ط
تڪ. ൹ صڵ:-
         [] "    ʻ    ػ دҹ
               ڶ Ի     ह  Թ".
     #[]  ڶ     ʻյ  ҵڵ  طڸŹ
ʹڸ   ʻ,  ʻ ͷ.  ڶ Իյ  
ػ ൹ ԨکԵ   ػ Ի Իǹ ͯ. ˵
˵ ¶  ͻڻد . صڵ˵ ǵ " ͻڻد
 ʵ  ҵ Ե". - ह  Թڵ  
Ե ڶŹ ػ¹  ,     , ¹
ػ¹   ˵,  ͡Թڵ ͵.
        ൹ ԵһǹԷڸ ҹһڵûԻԵ
ŷԯڻ ʧڢʹڵ ҡسҸ ʵ ٻҷ
ʻʧڢҵ Ǩ صڵ,  ʵڵ ࢵڵ  
ͪڬ¼ʵ ԯǷ ص   ʵڵ  , ʵڵ 
@ԧö:  . ʶ   .. //
Իڨ ҵ, һ  ʵ ¤ڻڵԻԾԵڵ
Իҡ һڪ ԡ. ­ ٻҷһ ԯǷ
 . ڶ  ʵڵ  ⾸ʵ൹ ؤڤó , ڶ
⤵ ͸Ի ػ, ൹  ؾھ  ⾸ʵڵ ʹڵ һ
๵ , ʻ  ʵڵ  ҹԵ  Եڵ յ
ǷԵھ.   ڶ ڵԡһԳڱ ,   ʵڵ Ź ,
 ҹ Եڵҹáڢڶ, ͭ   ھԵһ ҹ Եڵ 
ǵڵڵ,   Եڵ ͵ڵ  ǵڵ໹ڵյ ʵڵڻ ൹ ʷ 
.   զõڵ Ե ءڢҵ.
      []  Էҹ ·ڶ   һ Եڵ ͷʵ ػطڸ 
áڢԵ,  ʵ "͹áڢ  Ź" ҹҶ.  ˯ صڵڶ.
 ڱ  , - ҵ š.
      Ըһ ʻ Էڸõھ.  չҵԡ  ¶ҸԻڻ
ԯڤԡ ҹԤڤ, ھԵ "ԯڤԡ  "
ػڻڹԵ í ڵ ھԵ ʵڵʾڵ ¶ҸԻڻ
ҹԭҹԾھڵ,  Ҥڵ ԯڤԡ ڤʤڤڻڵ
ػڻҷ, ڱ¡ ҹԤڤ, ҵڵһ ҹԤڤ,
  ͪҹڵ  Եڵ ͻ¹, һҸһ 
͡تڬԵ ͵ڵ ҹáڢ, ͨک¾صү¡óڵ ҷ
ʵڵ سҹ ǵھ.
                      ҵڤdzڳ ԯԵ.
@ԧö:  ..    ʵ



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=52&A=3921 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=52&A=3921 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=33&i=225 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=33&A=9076 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=33&A=11835 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=33&A=11835 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_33

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
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