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㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ .. (ڶ.)

                       . ʨdzڳ
       [] عһ ·         Թڷ - صڵ
             ص      ʵ .
       []  سڻ        ҳҹ
           رڲһ  -     ʧڤ  .
@ԧö:  .. /-/-   .Թڷ, ػԻ   .. ,
@ػԻ
       []  í ԡ        ˡһ
            Ǩکڨ -   ûԵҹ ǵյ. -
     #[] ص Թڷ - صڵ  . ⵵
ҵһԵҷ " ǵ  ص ػڻ"  á ڶ.
⵵ . ʵ ⵵ ""  ʹ.
     #[]  ҵ ʡšŹ  ҨŹ  ڹҤ. سڻ⹵
ʷڸҾʨڨҷԤ , Իس . ҳҹҵ
ԵԡڵھҸ๹ ػʧڢ൹  عڷù ๹
ڹҤ. رڲһյ ҵһԵ  યҵ   ҵرڲ  
ҷԤ رڲ,  ͻ¹. ҵ һԤبکšڢ 
ڹҤ. ʧڤ  ⷵ ҹǨ͵ڶҹڵʧڢ
 ʧڤǵڶ ¶ ʵڵҹ ʧڤ .  ó 
Ҫ ص ʵ  · յ ھ.
     #[]   í ԡõ ൹ હ  ԡڢ ػڵھǹ
ԡ . ˡһʵ ʹڵسǹšڢ೹ ˭ Եڻ
 һ,  í ʡڡҵ . ڵ , µڶ
ءҾءڱԻҷԼҹ  ڱ¡ҷҡڨ - ûµ.
Ǩکڵ ҵ͵صڵҷԻػڼک, ൹ ػڼ ʵ. ͵ڶ 
  ڶ Ǩکڨ ¶صڵǨکڨ ໵  ŷڸ
Ե ໹ ǵյ ͵ ǷԵ.
@ԧö:  . Ҥکڨ ()   .. /-/   . Թڷ   .
@ҡڨ
       ͹ػؾھԡ:-  áڢ  һ ڨʵһʻ
ǹ Ե ųھǹڶ ԡ ù Թڷڶ 
Ҫ Ե ʻ Գڱ ù Ҫ һس. Ҫ Ԥ
 һ ʹ ŧڡҵ շ໵ ൹ù Ե
"  õڵ   ʶ" ǵ  ʷڸ ҹ
ڵ ʹҹҹ õ ھԵԡڢ  ԡڢ.  
ʾྻ  Ҫ حڪڵ.
      Ҫ  ͻصڵ ص ඵ, صڵ ػڻڪڵ. õڵڨ¹
áڢ "ǹڵ " Ҫҹ һبکԵ í ʡڡ
ԡڢԵ ͹ڵ ڬԡ ڤ ͡ڡ ͡ ʹڷک -
ءڢ ˯ ʻ շ. һ  د "Ҫ ͻصڵ, Ҹ
ǵ  Ҫصڵ ". áڢ   ص "ʵ   í
ص, ط " ػù "ʵ"  "  ԹڵԵڶ,
ͪڪ ڨʡ  ǻص Ե í ͤڤ بک
Ծھڵʵ" .
       ص  ٯ "Էҹ Ҫٻ " Թ൵
һҹ  ҹ  ԻڪԵ " ک" ص
" ʡ" . áڢ  Իڹó  "· ʡ,
 Ҥ" Ԥ ҷ ǹڵ .  ǵڵԵ
ह ڵ Ҫ  "áڢԵ ػҡһ Ҥ"
í è໵ - í ह һ ҷ  
 շ. Ҫ  ǹڷԵ ͡ڵ Թ չ ä بکԵ
" ͵ԢԻڻ ǵڵԵڶ, ࡹඹ Ҥڶ" .
@ԧö:  . ڻڹک   . ਵ
     Ҫ Ԥ آԹ "Ҹ ǵ  í ҹáڢ ص
ػڻ"  د.    ص "ʵ   í
ص, ط " Ծھڢع ࡹ "Էڸ ǻص Ե
ͤڤ ظ بک Ծھڵʵ"  "ͪҹڵ  -
, Ҩԡڢ  " ҡ ڶ Ҥ, Ե 
, ک˹ڵ. Ҫ "  ʡڡ ڵع" ˯د ʹڹԵ
ˡһ ҹ ๵ ʹҹ ԷԵ ͷ.   
Ҫ حڪ ʵ, "Ծھڢ"  .
      ⾸ʵ ǵǹ Ե ڶ ʹڸ , ҵ 
ڤ˳ ""  .  ûù DZڲ. ˡһʻ
ҹ ͡ ҹڻ ҡڨ ҷ  ໵
ڳԡҹ ˵ ԡڡԳ  õ. Ͷ ⾸ʵڵ ʵڵԡ í
ڨ ػ.  "ҵ Ծھڢصһ  ڪ"  Ԩک໵
ڨڵ ٻ .
     [-] ඡ  " " ҹ ڵ
ٯ ͡ ڸԡ ʵ ͡ ػԵ  ˵  
˵ ҡǵڶ ط ԭڨڵ  " ٯ ͵ڵ 
͡ ڳԡ õ"  "  ڳԡ˻ԡ" 
Ūڪ໵ ǹڷԵ  ԡڢ.
     ٯ " Է , ک ` ҹҵ  ʵ',
Է  ʵ ǯگ" Թ൵ í Ҥ ҳš
͡ڵ ԻԵ ҹ¦ ԹڷԵ ڳ Գҹ ԡԵ 
@ԧö:  .  
Ź ࢵ ڳ Ե  ػԵ ҷءڢڻ 
 Իڪ. Ҫ Ҥڵ  ڢԳ  ʹ ͻԵ
" ԡ Ծھڢء " ڳŷ ڵ  Իڻ
 "   ͵" ͹ Ե  Իڹ   ڪ
بک "ࡹ    , ڪ š ,   զ
Ҩԡڢ".
      ص ٯ Եڶع د ԯ Ҫ  , Ե
 ʹ   Իڻ ,  ص൹  ⵵. 
ص Ҫ æҵ ҳ "ک   ԹڷԵ íڨ
ڱҢڱԡ ԹڷԵ ö ö ԡö".  ҵ ŧڡԵ ͵ڵ
ͧ շһԵ  ҡڲ "í   ҳ". 
óµڪ ҵ ͧڡ د  ʶ, ʹڵ ҪԨڨҹ" .
  Ǩ ص õ ˹ڵ ⤳  êڪ ԡڲڵ
๵ í . ൹ صڵ:-
     #[] " ҹ ˡ        ͵ڱ
            ͹           á.
     #[] ڶ ʵ         ͻ 
           ءڡ         Եصڵԡó.
     #[] ػ  - ڨ   ͯ ùڵ - ک      ͹ Ե .
     #[]  ڪ  ҵ        ؤڤһ -
           ·Ԩک ǵ         ʾھ  ".
@ԧö:  .. , .    . ͻùڵ, ػԻ   . ؤڤһ
@()
     ڶ  ͵ڱŹڵ ڱš Ե    ءڢ
 ͹ .  á ҷԵ һ -   ڶ
 ʵ Ҹٹ ҹҷԸ, ?   ڵ⵻
ͻ  ,    ءڡ Եʧڢҵءڡ.
Եصڵԡóҵ " Ե ˵  һԧह õ" ԹԹڵ
ʵ. ùڵյ ù ڨ   ͵ڶյ ùڵ,
ڵԡ,  ùڵ ͯ ڨڵ  , 
ڨڵ⡻ ี ٻ ک  Ե Ҫ "ҵ ʡ
 ԡ ؤڤһ - õ ʹڵԹڷ   ڪ. ʻ
ҡ ʾھ,  ·Ԩک Եڵب  Եڵҹء ǵ
͹ǵ"   ͹յ ʵ.
      [] " ڵҹػҹ     Է Ǩ
           ڨ  ˻          µ.
      [] ൹  ػ        ҹ
           ҵ  ͪڪ       ï ھҪ .
      [] ʸԵ ڨڵ       Ҫ ˡ
           ڨ    -    ǵڵ.
      []  Ҩԡڢ        ¶ 
             Ǩ ص       ҳ ջ.
@ԧö:  .  һ   . ؤڤ   . ڨԢ  ()
       []   ԹڷԵ      ҹ آڱԡ
            ö ö ʶ         Ե.
       [] ڶ óԡ ڵ -  ڱ طڷ - ͡س
            ҵ ͧ Թڹ      ҡڲԵ ¹ڵ ".
    #[]  ڵҹػҹڵ Ե Ǩ ͹ԡڡ  ٯһ
ػҹڶ ڵ  ҡǵڶ ط ԭڨڵ  "ڳ ¹"
  ڨ  ˻ Źڵ ˻   - ڨ  ,
  ҡǵڶ ط ԭڨ.    í  dzڳ 
µ,   ڳԡصڵ ͹صԯյ Է Ǩ .
    #[] ൹  ػ յ ൹  صڵ˻෹  ҹ
ҹ    ػ ط . ط   "ҵ
 ͪڪ, ï ھҪ " .
     ڶ  ͪڪҵ  ͪڪ, Էҹ í Ҥŵ ͵.
    #[] ʸԵ ڨڵڵ ڨڵ ٻ  ͻԯ
ڢ ҹ ڵ ˡ ˡһ ڨ   ,
  ǵڵ⵵ ù   ǵڵ .
    #[]  ¶ µ ¶   ʵ
ҵ໵,     í Ҩԡڢ. ҳյ  
 Ծھڢصһ ʵ    Իڼڪ,  ص൹  ͵ ڶ,
⵻  µ Թ൵ ҳ.
@ԧö:  . ڶ  ó ڵ ()   . طڸ ()   . 
    #[] Թڵ?   ԹڷԵҵ     ʶ,
   ԹڷԵ íڨ ҹ آڱԡ   
ö ö ¹ڵ ն ն ԡڢԻڵ ʶ. ?   Եҵ
   ,  Եҹ -    Իڼڵ  Ի⡵.
Եҵ  ̹˵   Իڼڵյ ǭਵڶ ͵ .
    #[] ڶҵ  í ҳ,   һ .
óԡҵ ҵ, æҵҵ ͵. ڱҵ . طڷҵ طس.
͡سҵ  Ǩ , "͡س"Ի , ԡڡسҵ ͵. ҵ ͧ
Թڹҵ  ҵ ظ  بک Թڹ. "Թڹ"
͹ҷ Ǩ. ҡڲԵ ¹ڵ ڵ ҵ ŧڡԵ ͵ڵ ͧ
շһԵ  Ҫҳ  æҵ ⤳  êڪ ҡڲԵ Ҧҵ
¹ڵ.    Ԥص ʷڸ  ظ 
Ҥһ " ûҸ  õ  " ൹ ʷڸ ͤ.
       [] " Ǩ        ڸ ˾ڸ
            í ʶ  Իڻ     Ҫҹ ͵ڶ .
       []   í       һ һ
            ҹ  ʭ      ڨ ҹԹ".
    #[] ڸ ˾ڸڵ ˾ڸ ڸڵҹ  óԡҹ.
Ҫҹ ͵ڶ   í ǵڵھҹ ҪԨڨҹ ͵ڶ.  í
ʶ  Իڻڵ    Ǩ Ǩ.
@ԧö:  . Եҹ Եҹ
    #[] í , һ һ⹵ ͵ڵ һ
Ҩ ٯһ ǹ һ í  . ҹ
 ʭԹڵ   Ե Ҫҹ Ե "  
" ǵ ൹ "    -  ԡ Ծھڢصһ
˻෹ طҨ. ԷڨԷڨ Իڻ " ص " ˻ԭ
`˻' Ƿڵ   " ǵ  ҹԸҹ Ǩکҹ
໵ ػڼڳҼҷչ ԡڡԳ ˵ڶ  ҹ ԡ ԡڡԳ
ҡûڳ ʷڷ໵ "ǵڶػڳǵڶٹ ػö" ǵ
ڳŭڨ Ե ػڼҷԡڡŷڸ һڱԡ - ͵ڵ 
໵ Ҫҹ ʭ  ٯһ ҹ. ڨ
ҹԹڵ ൹ ʭһ๹ "ʨڨ    Ƿ,  ٯһ
ؾ ͻڻԨ  ص Էҹ һԤڤ " ¶  ԾھԹ
  ǵڵ,  Ҫҹ  .
      ʵ "ٻ  í ʹڵ ʹ ǹڵ
Ե ھԵ صڵ" Թ൵ Ҫҹ һبک "  Ҫ Ը
ʹ ͵, ͹تҹҶ  ھ". Ҫ "ҵ  ͹ػõ
  ҳ,   ͻҸ" ʵڵ ໵ "ͪ  êڪ
Իڪ" .  " ڶ ҹ ,  ؾ զõڵ
Ծھڻڵ ͹,  ڶһ  ʧ, ھ,  ҷ
 ¾طڸ ʹڵ " ǵ  Ƿ:-
            "͹          ͹ǵڶ ԹڵԵ
            ʪڪ      Ի ˵ һ.
@ԧö:  .       . һʡڱԡ
                       ǵڶ ԹڵԵ
            ʪڪ ڻڵ      Ի ˵ .
                       Ҹ
                   ʭ ھ  Ҹ
                   Ҫ  Ҹ ͹
                    ڱ ⡸   Ҹ.
             ڵ       ҹ ڻ
             Ҫ         Եڵ  DZڲ.
                    ڱ  
                   Ǥ  ڻ Ի
                   һո   ͵ڶ
                   ͹ҹصڻ  ǹڵ ک.
                   ͹ҹصڻҹ   ùڵ
                   ڪ µҹ 
                   ԭػڻʵڶҹ آطҹ
                   ǹڵ طڸҹҹ ҹ.
                   Ҥک ԡ ڤڸ -
                    ˹ڵ -  Թڷ
                   ҵحڨ ͧڡ Թ
                   ҡڲ   .
@ԧö:  . ڤ˵ڶ   .. ˹ڵ
                   ء  ھҸ ءԨک 
                   ڻ  Ե ŷڸ Ҫ
                   Ԩ੹ ͪڪ Ǹ ص -
                   ھڪ" -
 Ҷ  .
     ڶ ͹ҵ ͹ػõ. ͹ǵڶҵ ǵڶ໵. ⤵
Իڵ. Ի⡵ Իڼڵ. ʭ⵵  . ҵ .
Ǥҵ ह . һո ҵ һԸԹ, ¹ ൹ Ե൹
  ͵ڶ ک ͹ҹصڻ ǹڵյ ͵. ڪҵ ҹ ҵ
صڵҹ, ҹ صڵҹյ   ڪԵ. µҹյ ҹ.
طڸҹҹյ ڱ ͹ҹ ͹Ǫڪҹ ˹ڵ. ءڵ ءڢ ҵ
ھҸ ءԨک ó . ŷڸҵ ͵ڵ ҳŹ Ե Ե.
ھڪ⹵ ھڪآԵ .
      ʵ൹   Ҫ   " 
صڵ ǵ" ջ  ھڪ . ʵ ҵһԵ
ǹڷԵ "   ͵ڶ,  " ໵ Ҫ һبکԵ
ǹڵ ͤ.    ʵ Ҫ ٯ ඵ Եڢ
. ⾸ʵ⵻ ʹҤ ڨʪڪҷ Ҫ 
͹ؾڸ  ǵ.  ǵ dz೹Ҥڵ
ǵ  ʵڵ ھҪ ͵ԡڡԵ ǹ ʡع Ե
ڳ Իھڪ ھ. ൹ صڵ:-
       [] "  ڶ      êڪ ͷ 
              Ե       ھ ͹¹".
@ԧö:  . Ԩ੹ ͪڪ Ǹ ص   .. /-/-
     ڶ  Եҵ ҷչǷʹ Իڢٵ ˵
ԸԵ. ھԹڵ ػҤک. ͹¹ڵ ھڪ.
     [] Էҹ ·ڶ   Ҫ Ԩڨڵ,  ʵ " 
ʹ" ҹҶ. ʵ صڵ.
       ʵ ھ  ʡ Ҫ Ԩԡʹ
ǵ  ػ.  ڶ ҹԭ Ծھ൵ šٻ
.   Ƿ , ҵ , - áڢԵһ
Իصڵ, ʡ š.
     ڶ ظڪ¨ - صڵ   Էڸõھ. Ըһ
๡ڢ ͵ǵյ   ʹ .  ʵڵԡ 
ҪԨ ڶ.  һ ٯǻԤڤ˹ ൹ ص൹
í  ҳ ʹڵ, í ʹڵԡ ڵ ҹҹ
 ʵ ͵ڵ  ûҸ Ҫ  ʵ í 
¾طڸԵ ǭڨ ໵ ൹ һൻ  ʹڵ 
êڪ  ǤһڪԵ ҹڻ Ҩ๹ ˵ڶ êڪ -
̻Գڱ  ౵ ڶ ŤڤԵ൹ ص ھ ھԵ
ǡ ص  ͻڻù ҹԭҹԾھڵڵ
ҷ ʵڵ سҹ ǵھҵ.
                     ʨdzڳ ԯԵ.
                           -----------
@ԧö:  . ҵһԵ Ҫҹ    .. /-/-   . Ҫ



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=52&A=4760 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=52&A=4760 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=33&i=230 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=33&A=9177 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=33&A=11938 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=33&A=11938 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_33

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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