͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ ʧڤ.. (ͯڰԹ)

                         ¨صڶڤdzڳ
     []  ͹ʻڻҹҵ  ʡҤह ٵҹ
ʭҹ ʻ˹ڶ.
     ص ٻҤٻҤҹطڸڨԪڪ ͹ʻڻҹҵ 
ڨڹ طڸҤʭҹ ʻ˹ڶ. ڶ ٻ⤵
ٻ ڷ. ٻ⤵ ٻ ڷ. ⹵ ˵ڵڤǪڬ
.  طڸڨԪڪһ.   -   
ͭԹڷ ˵.
                        ڤdzڳ
     ʾھ Իү ʯ ҹ  ͻڳ ʷڸ
ʯ ˹ڵ, Թڹ  ൵ڵ. ⡯ح
ҡԡ. ¶   ,  صҷػ ҵ ڵ
   વ  Ҫ.
     ʨڨ  ʯ ҹ šصڵҹ  ʹ
ԡڢԵڵҹ. ʵԻҹ ʵ ҹ šصڵҹ, ڻҹ
ʵ, ԷڸԻҷ ǵڵ, ⾪ڬڤ ǵڵ, ڤ -
ͯʵ ҹ šصڵҹ  ʹ ԡڢԵڵҹ.
     Ը    ڵ ҹ.  ڬҹ
 ͯڤҹ ҪԵҹ,  صҷ. ڶ  ҷԯ
Ԩکҷԯ ˵յ ҷԯ. ʧڡڻҷ» Ԩکʧڡڻҷչ
˹ ǷԵھ.  ʹ  ʯ ԯԤҹ
չڵ ػڤڵ¹ ҵھ ԯ  ڶ, ڶ ҷԯ
 -  ˵յ? ¶  ͵ڶ  ˵  , ͤ "ͤ"
بڨ,  Ԩکҷԯ ͵ڶ  ˵  ,  ҷԯ .
@ԧö:  .. ػ      .. ڤڤ     .. ҷԯյ 
     ·  ڵǵ ˵, ػڤڵ  ҷԯ
Ԩڨ һڪ, ڤڤҹ  Իùڵ.  ҷԯ ʡԨڨ
ҵھ, ڤڤҹ õھҹյ. ʡԨڨ ਵڶ ҷԯ ¶
໵ھ. ػڤڵǪ    ͵ڶ,  ԯԯ
ԯ,   ҹ ˵յ ҷԯ. ʵһڵڤ  ҷԯ
Ԩکҷԯ ˵. ʵһڹ  ʡҤڤǪ  ͵ڶ. 
ԯԯ ԯ,   ҹ ˵յ ҷԯ.  ʵڵ͡-
Եڵ˪ ʧڡ ͵ڶ,  Ե Ҩڤ⨻ ͵ڶ, §ڤ⨻
͵ڶ, ڨ» ͵ڶ, ˪ҵ ͵ڶ, ʵ  ͵ڶ,
˪ҵԵൡڤ ͵ڶ.  Ԩکʧڡڻҷ . ʡҤ
ʧڡڻҷ  ๹ ʧڡڻҷµ ǷԵھ. 
ʡҤ ͯڤҹ ʡԨڨҹ  Ҥҹ. ʡҤ
͹ҤڤǪ  ͵ڶ,  ԯԯ ԯ,  ʵڵ
Ե ˪ҵ ʧڡڻҷ, ڻ๹ ͹Ҥ ͯڹ
ͧڤҹ ʡԨڨ ǷԵھ. ͹Ҥ ˵ڵڤǪ  ͵ڶ,
 ԯԯ ԯ, ҹ  ڨ ͡ŨԵڵҹ,  ˪ҵ
ʧڡڻҷ, ڻ๹ ˵ڵ ͯڹ ͧڤҹ ʡԨڨ
ǷԵھ.
        ह ڵ ʨڨҹ ԯҹ, ػڤڵ
ԯ ʵ, ͷԯ ʵյ? ԯ ʵյ  Ҩҹ
ҹ. Եڱҷ  "ͷԯ ʵ".  ǵڵ "
 Թڷ ". ҹ "͹ҵյԹڷ¹" ǡڢ.
"ػ ù" صൻ "ͭԹڷ¹" ǡڢ.  ǵڵ
"ͷԯʨڨ ʵ ػػ ͹ҵյԹڷ ,
   ʵ".   ͭ ͭ ˵,
ͻڻ - ˵յ. ͭ ͭ ˵յ. · ͭ ͭ
ͻڻ  ˵, ʨڨҹԻ ͷԯ ʵյ ҷ ؤڤ
بکԵ "ʨڨҹ  ". ҹ "ڵ" ǡڢ.  ǵڵ
"   ʨڨҹ һڪڵ,  طԻ ͷԯ ,
ʨڨ  .   , - ʨڨʹ  ͻؾھ ڶ,
  ͻڻ ˵".
     ڶ ʨڨʹ ͻؾھ ̻  Ե. ͡ 
ڵ õ ä Ե,  õڵ  ػڻڹԨ
 Ե ջ ŵ ໹  ͹ڸ  ҡ
  Ԩڨ   ԷԵ , ع ͹ڸ - ǵڶ.
صû û  ͡. صڶ   "͹ڸ
  ¹ڵ" ʹڵ  ؤڤک. - ʹ 
͹ڸ  Ԩڨ  ڡ.
     ڶ ڵ   ڵ ʨڨҹ,  Ԩ ػڻ
ó  ʵһڵڤ ԻʹԹó, ͹ڸ
 ʨڨکҷ, -   ʵһڵ,  ͹ڸ
  ҹ ҡ  ڤҳ ʨڨҹ ҡ,
ڤҳ ҡҹ  ڤڤ ؤڤ ҡ ˹ڵ.
 Ԩڨ    ʵһڵڤ ͵ڵ ҵھ
Ե طڸ, ع ͹ڸǵڶó  ػڤڵǪڬʨڨکҷ.
     ص ó  ʡҤڤ ԻʹԹó,
  ʡҤ,  Ԩڨ   
@ԧö:  ..       ..        .. ͹ڸ
@ . ؤڤک          .. ʨڨԨکҷ. ػԻ
ʡҤڤ ͵ڵ ҵھ Ե طڸ, ع
͹ڸǵڶó  ػڤǪڬʨڨکҷ.
      ó  ͹Ҥڤ ԻʹԹó,
  ͹Ҥ,  Ԩڨ   
͹Ҥڤ ͵ڵ ҵھ Ե طڸ, ع
͹ڸǵڶó  ػ˵ڵڤǪڬʨڨکҷ.
     صڶ ó  ˵ڵڤ ԻʹԹó,
ؤڤ  ˵ڵڤػڻ, ͹ڸԸ  ˵ڵڤ
ʨڨکҷ⹷,  ͹ڸ  ҹ ҡ 
˵ڵڤ ҳ عڹ ʨڨҹ ҡ, ҳ ҡҹ 
ؤڤ ҡ ˹ڵ.  Ԩڨ    ˵ڵڤ
ʾھࢻ, ؤڤ  š ǵڵԡ 
˵ڵڤ ػڻڹ  ع ʨڨکҷ. Է 
ʨڨʹ ͻؾھ ͻ.
     "ԯ  ʵ,   ͭ ͭ ˵" ͵ڶ
û  Ե.   ԯ ǵڶ ê ͷ, ê
ʢ, - ԡ, ¢ùڵ     ҷԵ
 ط ԡڢŵ ԡ .  " 
طڸ" صڻ    ط ԡڢŵ  ʳ˵ -
 .  "  طڸ" ڻ  -  
ط ԡڢŵ  ʳ˵  .  "  طڸ"
صڶڻ    ط ԡڢŵ ;ڵäڻ 
 ˵ ԡ ͷ,  ڸóڱ ڢԻԵ ԨکԵԨکԵ
Է˵.
@ԧö:  .. ʢ      .. ҵʳ˵. ػԻ      .. 
      ڶ ԯǵڶ  ҹؤ Եڵ, Ը÷ҹ  
͹ػʹ ڻǵڵ, ط ԡڢŵ ԡŻڻ˹
 ʵһڵह ڨʡࢻ, صڻ  ҹ ͹ػڻҹ
 "  طڸ Է Եڵ"   ͹ػʹ ڻǵڵ,
 ʳ˵Żڻ˹  ʡҤह ԡʭ¡ࢻ,
 "  طڸ ǵڶ" ع õڵ·ҹ  "  طڸ
Է Եڵ"   ͹ػʹ ڻǵڵ, 
ʳ˵Żڻ˹  ͹Ҥह ͹ˤʭ¡ࢻ, " 
طڸ ǵڶ" ع õڵ·ҹ  "  طڸ Է Եڵ"
  ͹ػʹ ڻǵڵ.  ԡڢ๹ ;ڵä 
˵ طڸ êʷ ڸóڱ ԡڢԵڵ ǵڶ
ԨکԵԨکԵڢ Է˹  ˵ڵह ͯڹ ҹ ࢻԵڵ
طڸ ճǨԵڵ ԨکԵԨکԵڢ һڵù յԹ.
Է "ͭ ͭ  ˵" ͵ڶ ͻ.
     صڵڻ ਵ:-
            "¶һ  ǵڶ ʧڡԯ ŤڤԵ,  ԡ
     ê ͹ػڻ,  ê      
     ڷԵ ͨ ط ԡڢŵ, ԭڨһ  ˵ ǵڶ طڸ
     ·ҵ, Ͷ ˵ ͹ˤ ʤ  ä
      ¤  ,  ê ԡҹ ҵ, - 
     ԡ ڸ óڱ  ԡڢԻڵ. » ˵ ͹ˤ
     ʤ  ä  ¤  , ʻ ؤڦҵ
     ک.    ԭڨһ ǡ ڨ Ҥҹ
@ԧö:  .. ෵
     ʭҹ չҹ ǹڵ. Ͷ ˵ ڨ ػҷҹڢ
     ͹ˤ `'  `'  `' ͹
     ,  ͻù ¹ ڨ ػҷҹڢ ط¾ھҹػ
     õ "Ե ٻ, Ե ٻ ط, Ե ٻ ͵ڶڤ.
     Ե Ƿ. Ե ʭ. Ե ʧڢ. Ե ԭҳ, Ե ԭҳ
     ط, Ե ԭҳ ͵ڶڤ".  ڨ ػҷҹڢ
     ط¾ھҹػ  » ˵ ڨ ػҷҹڢ
     ͹ˤ `'  `'  `' ͹ ,
     ʻ ؤڦҵ ک". -
     ڶ ʵһڵह ڨ ͡ŨԵڵҹ ¹ڵ ʷڸ Եڵڤʹ
ػڻڪһ, ʡҤह  ˤԵڵҹ ٹ -
ǹڵ ʷڸ Եڵڤʹ ػڻڪһ, ͹Ҥह ҹ
¹ڵ ʷڸ ڻصڵ, ˵ڵह ڨ ͡ŨԵڵҹ ¹ڵ
ʷڸ Եڵڤʹ ػڻڪһ.  ҷʹڹ ͡ŨԵڵҹ
չ  ճ Եڵڤʹ ع ک ǵڵ
  ˵.
     Է ͻ:-   Ҫ ڨ áڢ 
ҹ  ͹ǹ ʵ, Ͷ ڨ ػڻ. -  
ҷય   ʷڸ ï ڻڵ, ڨڵ
ڵ "ڨ ػڻ" í Գ. Ҫ "ʯ ˶,
 ҡ ڵھ " ʹ Գ.  ڻ - 
 ʷڸ ڨય ҵ,  ʵڵ  ͵ڵ
͵ڵ  ˵ ھ , ڨ  صڵ - í .
@ԧö:  .. //       .. ءҹ
@ .. ػڻ   ......ڻù. ػԻ   .. ǵڵ. ػԻ
     Ҫ "ҡ ڵھصڵ  ҹ, ൻ ˶" 
Գ.  ص»ڻù  ય , û  ؾھ
͡.  ʾྻ Ե ھ , ڻ صڵ ڨ í
.
     ع Ҫ "ʯ ˶" -  Գ. -  »ڻù
ʷڸ »  ય ҵԵ  صڵ í .
     ع Ҫ " ʯ ˶"  . - 
صڶڻù ʷڸ  - ڨ ય ҵ. ҷʹڹ
યҹ ҵԵ  ⡨   ڶ,  ,
 ص ڨڵ -  ùڵ. Ҫ ԪԵʧڤ  
ûҷ ڻڵ ͹.
     ڶ ˹ Ҫ  Ҫ, ڨڵ ڨ 
¤ǨáŻصڵ, ҷ ય  ҷ ͡ŨԵڵҹ,  
๡ʻ  Եڵڤʹ ػڻڪһ, í "ڨ
ػڻ" Ե    ػڻ " 
 ػڻڹ" - ʵڶ è, "ʯ ˶" ҹ 
" Ԥڤ ԡڢ" í ҹҨԡڢ, ʻҹ ڨڹ
યҹ ҵԵ  ʵһڵह ڻصڵҹ ڨڹ
͡ŨԵڵҹ ҹ.
     ع í صڵʹ  ھطڸ ŷڸسè,
"  ˶" ع ҹ   ʡҤڤ ԻʹҨԡڢ,
ص»ڻù ʻҹ Թڹ યҹ ؾھաó 
ʡह ڻصڵҹ Թڹ ʨԵڵҹ ǡó.
@ԧö:  .. ˹ڵٵ. ػԻ     .         .. Գ
@ .. ʻ             . ਹڵ      ..   ػڻ⹵
     ع í صڵʹ  ʵڶ ŷڸسè, "ʯ
˶" ع ҹ   ͹Ҥڤ ԻʹҨԡڢ,
»ڻù ʻҹ Թڹ યҹ ҵ  ͹Ҥह
ڻصڵҹ Թڹ ʨԵڵҹ ҹ.
     ع í صڵʹ  Ҥ ŷڸسè, "ʯ
˶" ع ҹ   ˵ڵڤ ԻʹҨԡڢ,
صڶڻù ʻҹ ڨڹ યҹ ҵԵ 
   ˵ڵह ڻص ڨ ͡ŨԵ
 ҷʹڹ ͡ŨԵڵҹ չ  ع Եڵڤʹ
ػڻڪ ͡Ÿ , í ԪԵʧڤ ڨص -
û ڻڵ͹ǹ  ճǻص í
ح͹ԵڵͻڻԵ һڵ ԨکԵԨکԵһڵآҹǹ
ǷԵھڵ.
                 " "  dzڳ ԯԵ.
                         ---------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=53&A=7418 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=53&A=7418 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=34&i=272 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=34&A=2610 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=34&A=2146 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=34&A=2146 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_34

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com