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Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ ڨ.. (ڶ.)

    [] ػ»ڨ - ʷڸ ػҵ Ըš-
šҷ ʷڸ ػ . ¶   ˯  ط
͵ڶյ ʷڷԵ  ,  ʷ Żص ҹҷչ ŭڨ
ҹʭڨ ʷڷԵ ҹҷչ ǵ൵.  "ʷڸ ػ" صڵ.
      ػҵҷػ  ҷ  ػ ҵ
͵.   ҹ ҹ    ػ ǹڵҹ
@ԧö:  .. ǵڵҹ    .. ࡡ    ..           .. ص
@ ..        .. صڶ     ..  ࡡ    .. ػ
ҹ ෵, ػٻ   ҷµ طڸ ͡ڢڱ, ҵطڷҷ ڢ-
 ʶ õ, ڻ  ҹҷչ ػڻ෵. ⵻
ҹҷԻحµڵ ʾھڻڵ ҹҷչڨ ʧڡǷҹҷ
ص  ԪڬԵ  ص ػ ҹҷչ ǵ൵.
Ҥһ ҤҸص ͵ڵ Ҥڻ ػ ҹ ෵, ǵ -
ص Թڹ ˻ڼŹڵ  ҷµ, ʶ õ,  Իڵ
طڸԵ ҹҷչ ػڻ෵. һ ԸššԵ
šԡڡػ­ڨ ػԡڢ "ʡڡ  Իڵ ԸšԵڻ
šԵڻ šԡڡػڻ ڻ෵ع"  ػ ҹҷչ
ǵ൵.     ʷڸҷ ҹҷչ ػ, ͵ڵ
ͻ ػڻڪҹҹ ʷڸҷչڻ ػ,  ʷڸ 
ص   ʷڸ  Ҥ ҵ صڵ.
     ԡڵ ͹ڵ ͤڤ˵ ؾھҤԡ ˵ھ.
¶ҡٻҳ ͹Ҥҳҵ  Թڹ Ծھڢػԡ,
ԡ  ڶ. Ծھڢ ڱҳҹ ͵ҹ,  Ԫڬ
Ԫڬڵ.  ʹൻ صڵ Ե Ծھڢػԡ  ԡڵ
ǷԵھ.   ͵ҹ ʾ Ծھڢءҹ ԡҹ ˹ڵ. 
Եھڶ ԡʹҵ. Ծھڢ Ծھ ʵҵҵ 
ٻҹ   ʷڷ ʵء Ծھڢ ʵҵطڸ ػ
˵.   ʷڷ ص ڶ ڵءҷʹ Ծھʵҵ
ԷڸԸҳ ػ ˵.  ʾھڶ   ػáʹ
ػ»ڨµ ǷԵھ.
@ԧö:  .. ǹ
     ڤ ػ ͹ػڻڹ һڵԹڵ ൹ ൹ ह
ԶաԻڶڵ - չԻڶڵ    һڵ ػڻ෹ڵյ
  һڵ ػ ˵. Իʹڵյ ػٻڤڶ
Իʹڵ. ͵ڶԷҵҷ Էҹ ڤ Ԫڬ
صڵ. Էڸҹڨ ๵ ک    ǵڵ 
ػ  ˵.
     ʷڸ ػ ҹ ໵յ  ʷ ʹ⹵ ҹ
ǵ൵. ԯ ҵյ   Ǩ ʷڸ ڵ 
͵ڶ ͹ػԡڢ "͵ڶ ؤڤ"ҷʹ ԯ ҵ.  ص
Ҥ ڵ   ص Ҥ ڻ⹵ ҹ ໵.
صҤ  ҹ  ԯ ػڻ෹ ԯ
ҵ. Ҥҵҷ ʷڸҷڻ ػ ͵ڵءڡʹ 
  Ҥ,  , ¹ ڻصڵ ,
صڵڻҹ ҹԯչ, ʷڸҷڻ ػ ڻڵԻڶ
ػ ˵. ڶ š¡ŭ Ե, šصڵڻ ʹڵ
յ صڵ ͡Էڸʹ.    ͹ڸõҹ  ͡
ػ ˵յ  Ե.
     ҵ໵յҷ ԡءڢʹ ;ҡʹڶ صڵ.
ʷ  ʷڸ ػ ͵յ ͵س˹ڵ ʡڡԵ
ҹڻҹ ǡǨڨҷչ ù ͵ڵҹ ҵ໵
Ե໵,  ػڻ෵ حҹ յ ¯š
ءڢ ڨ. һ ҹáڢڶ ;ԡڵҷʹ
͵ڵҹ ҵ໵ Ե໵, Գڱԡڵҷʹ ¯š
@ԧö:  ......Իڶԡڵ, ......Ծڸڵ
ءڢ ڨ. صһ ʨڨҹٻ Իڵ Իڪյ
صڵ Իڪ ͵ڵҹ ҵ໵ Ե໵, ¯š ءڢ
ڨ. Ҥһ ҤҸصڵ ͵ڵ һൻ ڨ ͹ʵ
Ԩڨ ͧڤҷԻԨڨҤ   ù ͵ڵҹ ҵ໵ Ե໵,
ԨڨԵھ ǵڶ - ػڻҷڶ ¯š ءڢ ڨ.
һ ػٻ  DZյ ʻڻ  յسҷչ ͤ೵
ʪڬԡ ¤ ù ͵ڵҹ ҵ໵ Ե໵, ԨکҪ
ҷչ Ҫ  ҹ  ԨکҪ  طู Ҫǹ
Եصڵ ʹ ¯š ءڢ ڨ.
     ԡ آҵ ʷڸҷڻڵ ػ ػڻڹҹ ⢻óҹ
حڪ ʷڸҷدҹյٻد   ʹ Իڻ-
šڪյدҹٻد   آػڻڵԡ  ڵ -
ػڻڹԻҡآ  ԡ آ, صڵ ءڢػڻڵԡ
ʷڸҷԤسڻڵ  صڵǸڸҷԡ  ԡ ءڢ,
ʷڸҷ ػ ǵڵԵһڵԡ  һڵ 
 ػ»ڨ¹ ڨ ˵յ ǷԵ.  ڵ
ਵ ͵ڵ Իҡ ػ»ڨ,   ਵ ž,
 ؾھ. Է ǵڶ:- ͡  Եڶ ؾھڸԵء ء êڪ
Ťव Ըҵھ Է˵.   õڵ   ػʧڡԵ
" êڪ ԭڨ ڸԵ " ʵඹ ԹڷԵ ػ.
Ͷ  êڪ  ص ٵ ͡.   ͻʡڡ. Եڶ
@ԧö:  .. ǵڶ      .. ڵ
͹ - ʹ ԡڢԵ êڪػ  حڨԵ ؾھڸ .
 ਵ ͹ڵ õ ͵ڵ Իҡ ػ ˵.
 ๵ ͡ڵ ˵ھ. ⵡʭ   - Իҡ ͹ڵ
ԾԵ Իڨ, Իҡڻ  Իҡ ػ  ˵յ
 ǵڵھ. ڵ ͵ڶ ԡڻ ǷԵھ.    "
һڵ" صڵ,  ਵʹ. ๵ ໵:-  ⡨
Իҡ ,  ͵ڵ Իҡ ػ»ڨ ˵յ.
     Ҥ  ػ ҳ ˹յ  ǵڶ õ ˵, 
 طڸ   ͵ڶ ҳ ˹. ͷԹڹҷҹҷػ ػ¹
͵ ǷԵ. ʹڸ Թڷյҷ ͷԹڹҷҹʹ صڵ. ڶ ʹڸԹڵ
ʹڸ. Ż õյ Ե õ. ͡Ҥԡ õյ  ʷڸ
͡  õ ڻ. Ի ԯյ ڶ˹ õ.
 ػҵҷ "͹ڶ  ͨ"ҷʹ ػڻڹ 
ػ .  ػҵ ҳҵԻҵҷ ҷչǻԨکҷ
ػ . ҹ ػҵ   ˹Ե  ʡ, ҷҵ 
ʡյ ҹ ػ . ࡹ   ǭ ˵ 
,  ҹ ػ ҵԻ ͵. ԯ ػҵ ­ҷ
ҷ  ҷԡšڢҷ   ԯ ػ .
ڶ ػҵ "  Էڹ Ԫڬʵ, ٻ  ԡ
յ  ǵҨʧڢҵ  ءڹ  ๵ - ,
ء  ʹڵ , -    ͵ҹ ҹ ùڵ
 " ҷ  ڶ ػ .   
@ԧö:  .. ͵ڵ     ..  
@ .. ൵   .. 
 ԯ ڶ Ҥҵ ͵ڶ  Ҥһ ػ ˵
ҷչڻ. ҷػ  .
     ҳҵԻ ҳҵԻҵҵ ҳҵԻҵ  Եڵ ͭڻ
ҳ ˹.   ൹ ,  ҵԵ ػڷ 
ͭڻ ˹.  ҳҵԻ ҳҵԻҵ ػ»ڨ¹ ڨ.
ڱԡ  ⤻  ൵ ڱ, ԡ ൵
 ҵԡڡ,  ˹յ ,  Ԩکҷڶ
͡  óڶ حٻ,  ¹ ҨҹԨک,
ڼڻһ,  ˹Ե ԪڬԵھԵڵٻóԪڬ, 
൹ ҵ ˵,  Եڵڨ بکԪڪڵٵҷԨԹڵ " 
ҳҵԻ ԵڶԳ - ʵ" ءڡáԡҷʹ ԯԤ˳ 
ҳҵԻ ͷԹڹҷҹҷչڻ ػ ˵. Թ ػ¹
ͷԹڹҷҹҷػ ء ͵ ǷԵ.
     ҵئҵԡ ҵئҵԡҵ ͭ ҵ ˹ڵ  "ǯگ
 ҵع" ͵ڵ ҵ ˹ڵ  ͡  ˹ڵ ͻڻ
˹ʹ  ͡ԭ  "ک  ҵ ˹" عڻع
ҳһʹ    µó ص»÷ҹʹ 
ҵئҵԡ ҵئҵԡ ػ ˵. ҹԻ ¶¤ Թ
 ǷԵھҹ.    ͡ ؾھҡ ػ
 ˵,  ҹڵ¡ ʹ ҵ Ƿڵ.  
͡ڵ ˵ھ. ҳҵԻҵҷչ   " " ⨷
⡻ڵڻ õ. Իڻջ ˵. ͻڻڵࡻ   ػڻ
@ԧö:  .. ԪڪԳ
 DZವ յԡڡ õ.   ؾھ ؾھŭڨ һ
ػ ˵. ڻ ڨڤ طdzڳ صڵ
"ǡó ػ ˵",  ó ǵ صڵ, 
ػ»ڨ¸ҹ.   ǹ⵻ ؾھһ ǡó ˹ڵ.
     Ҥ ػ ҹ ෵յҷ  ǵ ҵҪԡҹ
ҹ ˾µ ػ¹ڵ ػڵ    Ҥ ػ
ҹ ෵. ҷҹʶػ  . ҹڻ Ҥԡڢڶ,
Իʹ Ҥ ҹڶ, ڤ ب੷ڶ ػڻ෹ Ҥ
ػ ػڻ෵ . յҤǵڶ  ԭ һڵԭڨ
ػڻ෹ Ҥ ػ ػڻ෵ . ͵ڵǵ  յ 
˵.
     ʷڸҵ ҹҷʹ ǵڵʷڸ. ҷػ  . 
 ҹҷʹ ʷڸҷ ػڻ෹ Ҥ ػ ػڻ෵ ,
 Ҥҷ» ʷڸҷչ ػ»ڨ  ˹ڵյ ǷԵھ. 
Ԧҵڶҵ  Ծ˹ڶ, Ի⡡ ͹ػڻҹڶҵ
͵. ʻڻԦ   ˵, ҹ  ͻڻԦҵҹ ͹ڵ¡ҹ,
 " Ԧҵڶ"  صڵڵ?  ͪڬʹ.
ڻԦҵڶ ǵڵյ  ͪڬ,  ˵  صڵ.
     Ҥ ػ ͵ڵҹ ҵ໵յ µڶ õ,  ءڡù
ڵ ڻʹ  õյ ʾھ  ǷԵھ. ԡ
آҵ Ҥҷԡڡʹ   ŷڸآ  Ҥҷʹ
͹ҷչǷ  حڪʹ ػڻڹآ . ءڢҵ
ҵһҷʹ ػڻڹءڢ -  Ҥҷ˵ ǵڵǸڸҷʹ
ػڻڹءڢ . һڵҵ Ҥҷ بکԹڷԵ  ػڻҷԵ
  ͯگ๹ һڹ.
     ԡ آڵҷ  ػڻ  ෵ عڻع 
ڨ  ػڻ෹ڵ  ک ػ ˵. յҷ 
ͤڤʹڵһҷչ ͵ǹڵ ؾھ آ ͻ ءڢ, "
ǵ  ԾھҪԡ س  -  ڼ" 
 ҵµ һڪڵ Ը ԡ آ ԡ ԡءڢ,
äǹ  آ һڵ һڪڵ ԡ آ һڵ
ػ ˵. ءڢԦҵ  آ ǹڵ ءڢԦҵ 
  ҾҸ ԡڢ һڵ һڪڵ ԡ
ءڢ ԡآ  һڵ  ػ»ڨ ˵. صʻڻ
آ  һڵ , ʻڻ ءڢ. صʻڻ  Ե
һڵدԵٻʹ ػڻڹ آ ͹Եء ʻڻ» ص
һڵ ڨ. ʹػ  . ع ԡ
آڵҷչ  ͡ Եҹ. ˯ صڵ   - ڨ
ǷԵ. һڵ ԡ آҵ һڵدҹٻʹ
ػڻڹآ.  һڵ د ͹ǵ.
     ԡ آ ػ ҹڵҷ " ǵ  Է آ 
" ڵ  ͻ¹ʹ " ǵ µ ٻ
آ һ¹" ͻڻڵ  ڵʹ ءࢻ " ǵ  ءڢ
" ڵ ¹ʹ  "µ ٻ ػڻ"
@ԧö:  .. ػڻڹآ      ͵ڶյ ҵ ª   .. 
͹ػڻҷڶʹ  آءڢҹ ػµ ǷԵھ. ص-
ʹʹҹ صڵ. ع ԡ آڵҷ  "Ҹ  
ڤҹ طڸó ˵" - آڻڵҹڻ, "ھط ǵ
 ,  ٻ ءڢ *- ԭ  ʵ" -
ءڢڻڵҹڻ ʷڸ ػڻڪ. آء  ¤¤ڶ
ҷԻԻó ,  آءڢҹ ʷڸҷչ ػǹ Եҹ.
صҷչԻ ¶¤ વھҹ. ԡ آ ػ ҳ ˹յҷػ
صڵҹ آҷչ ػµ ǷԵھ.
       ػҪ   ูһ ػ-
ڨ¹ ڨ, - ͡ ؾھู, ;ҡ ู. ͡Ż
͡ ู,  ู͡, ;ҡ ؾھู, ;ҡ⵻
;ҡ ู,  ,  ͡ҵ   ูͯ,
͡ ھู, ;ҡ ูҵ ʵู ػ Ҫ⵵
ǷԵ.



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=55&A=11486 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=55&A=11486 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=40&i=544 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=40&A=6168 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=40&A=3428 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=40&A=3428 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_40

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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