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Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ ڨ.. (ڶ.)

                            ڨ¹Է
                      . ˵ػڨ¹Էdzڳ
     [] Էҹ  - ʾྻ  ڨ طڷԯԻү ԷڷԵ
ʵ ˵ػڨµ ˵ ˵ڻصڵҹ ҹ دҹҹڨ ٻҹ
˵ػڨ¹ ڨµҷ. ڶ ˵ػڨµ ʵ ڨ
ԡڢԵڵԻү ʾھ વھ  طڸ. ʻڨػ
Թ ¹  વھ طڸԵ ʪڪ ڵ ǷԵھ.
 ๵ڶ ھ -:-  ڨط ˵ػڨµ طڷԯ, 
Է "˵ ˵ڻصڵҹ ҹ دҹҹڨ ٻҹ ˵ػڨ¹
ڨ"  ǷԵ. Թ ػ¹ ʾھڨ વھ
ʪڪ๹ ʷڸ ھ ǷԵ.
     Էҹ ˵ ˵ڻصڵҹڵ ͵ڶ "˵ڻصڵҹ" ǵ
"˵ ˵ڻصڵҹ"  صڵڵ? ڨ  ڨػڻڹҹڨ
ǵڶһ. ˵ڻصڵҹڵ  ص ˵ع ڻصڵҹ ˵ػڨ¹
ڨµ ͵ .  ʹ    ˵ػڨ¹
ڨµ ڨ ǵڶҹ  . Ͷһ ˵ع ڻصڵҹ
˵ڻصڵҹڵ ͵ڶ ͤڤ˵  ʭڨ ڻصڵҹ ˵
˵ػڨ¹ ڨµ ͵ ,  ʹ ˵ع Իڻصڵ
ڢԭҳҷ» ڻصڵ, ˵ع ڻصڵ ҷ». ڶ
 ˵ ء  ڻصڵ ڨµ ڨػڻڹǵڶҹ 
.  ڨ­ ڨػڻ  - ǵڶ໹ "˵
˵ڻصڵҹ" . ʵ:- ˵ڻصڵҹ ҷԸҹ 
@ԧö:  ..  ʷ  ʵ     .. ھ   .. ڨػڻڹڨ
˵ ڻصڵ,  ˵ػڨ¹ ڨµ. һ "ڨ" ǵ
"˵ػڨ¹" Ǩ ˵ ͭ ڨǻʸڶ. ­ ˵
˵ػڨ¹һ ڨ ˵ ˪ҵҷԻڨ¹һ.   ˪ҵҷ-
ڨʹ ͭһ ڨ,  ʸڶ ˵ػڨ¹ҵ صڵ.
 ʹൻ "ڻصڵҹ" ǵ  "˵ڻصڵҹ"
صڵڵ? ԷڷԵھ ͻҡڵ. ڻصڵҹڵ  ص ¹ 
ڻصڵ  ˹ڵ,   ʵ ԷڷԵ ͻҡ. 
ͻҡڵ ¹ ڻصڵ  ڻصڵҵ بڨڵ,  ٻ ʵ
"˵ڻصڵҹ" صڵ.
     دҹҹڵ ͵ڶ  ԷڷԵھ ҡڵ ˳ .
˵ڶ ͵:-  ˵  ˵ڻصڵ   دҹ -
ʹڵ دҹҹ.  دҹҹ, ˵  ˵ڻصڵ
 Ծھڵҹڵ ͵. Թ Եڵدҹٻ ҵ.    Եڵ
ͭ دҵյ.  دҵ. ʾྻ  Եڵਵԡ ͡ ص
ٻ د໹ڵ. š¸ʹ  Եڵ ͸ԡ Ը ٻ
Եڵدҹڵ بڨ. :- Եڵਵԡ  Եڵدҹҹ
ٻҹ ˪ҵڨ¹ ڨµ.
     ·  Ըһ "دҹҹ" ǵ Եڵدҹҹڵ 
 صڵ. - ͨԵڵدҹҹڻ ʧڤ˹. ԭ "ʹڸԡڢ
ԻҡҾҡ ˵ ˵ڻصڵҹ ڸҹ ڵ  ٻҹ ˵ػڨ¹
ڨ" Ҥ.  ʧڤ˹ڶ Ը Եڵدҹҹڵ ǵ
@ԧö:  . دҹ    ..  صڵڵ
دҹҹڵ ʵ:- Եڵٻ ͪҹһ  ˵ ˵ڻصڵ
 ˪ҵҷԻڨʹ دҹ - ʹڵ دҹҹ. 
دҹҹ ǵ Եڵҹ ʹڸ­ڨ ڵٻҹ  - ˵ ˵ػڨ¹
ڨµ. Թ ػ¹ ͭػ دҹҹڵ Ҥ ͵
ǷԵ.
       ˵ ʹڸ ڵٻҹ ˵ػڨ ˵, 
ǵ൵? ʹڸ ٻҹ ԵڵԾڸصڵԵ. ʹڸ­
ٻҹ ԵڵԾڸ ǵڵ, Եڵʹ ػڻڪڵ  ԯڵ .
ԭ  Եڵ Եڵٻ ๵  ʡ⡵, ҹԻ Թ Ե൹
ػڻڪԵ  ҵ   ʡ⡹ڵ.  "ԭҳڨ ٻ,
 ԯ ԭ ٻ ǡڡڵ ˵". - ǵڵ  
Ե Ԫڪ๻ Ծڸ ǵڵ,  ԵڵԾڸ. Ԫڪ
һ Ե øһڹҹ ػڻڪڵ.
       ʹڸԡڢ Եڵ Եڵٻ ๵  ʡ⡵յ? -
ǤڢԵڵ  ͻڻԯԵǵڶص  ؾھŵڵ.   ǤڢԵڵ
ͻêҵǵڶءڵ  ͻڻԯԵǵڶءڵ ؾھ ˵.  
Ե  ԭڨ Իڻ ҵ  ٻ ๵  ʡ⡵, ٻ
 Եڵدҹٻ ԯ. ڨ ٻ ժ
ԯ.   ࢵڵʷ,  һʷ.  ʹൻ ࢵ
  ػڻڵ ժҹǹ ءڢػڻڵ  ʹڸԡڢ Եڵҹǹ
ٻ ػڻڵ.   Ԥൻ һҹ - ءڢ ػٻ
ǵڵ  Թ Ե൹  ڵٻҹ ǵڵ ˵յ ǷԵھ.
صڵڻ ਵ " ࢵڵ, ԭҳ ժ,  ". -
@ԧö:  .. دҹ              .. ڵٻҹڻ   .. //
@ .. -ʷ  ʵ     ͧ.ԡ. //
     ­ڨ  ͡ ˵.   ͡ 
⻡ ⻡ʵ. ڶ ٻ  .  
˷ǵڶڵڻ ٻڨ Թ ٻ ػڻڪڵ. ʭ ⻡
.   ʹڸԨԵڵڵڻ ٻڨ Թ ٻ ػڻڪڵ.
ڨǡ ⻡ .   ǵڶٻڵڻ Թ ʹڸ
ٻ ʹڸԨԵڵڨ Թ һ ٻ  ػڻڪڵ.
ؤڸ - ٻٻҹ ػڻڵ. ¶   Ҫ 
ʷû Ҫҳڵ Թ ڻ  ڶ, ͻ 
Թһ ҳڵ ҳڵҹ ˵,  ڨǡ
ʹڸԭҳ - ˪ҵҷԻڨµ Թ ٻ ʹڸʹ ػڻڵ
 ڶ. ͻ  Թһ ʹڸԭҳ ˪ҵҷԻڨҹ
ҹʹ ŷڸڻ  ǵڵ ˵. ʭ 
 ⻡  ˵,  ڶ Թ ٻڨ ʭʵڵ -
ٻ ǵڵ  ح ͵ڵ     .
ٻǻ  ⻡  ˵,  ڶ Թ ٻڨ
ʭʵڵ ٻ ǵڵڵ. ڨǡ  ٻ⻡ʵ
ඵڶ ٻڨ Թ ʹڸԡڢ ٻҹ ػڻڵյ. Ե  ˵
ʹڸ ڵٻҹ ڨ ˵,  ǵ൵.
       - "˵ ˪ҵҹ ˵ػڨ¹ ڨ" ص ʾ⾻
 ͵  ˵, Ͷ  "˵ڻصڵҹ ҹ دҹҹڨ
ٻҹ" Է Եڵ? ǵڵ ڵٻҷչ ڨ Ծ˹.
ǭ ʵ ҹ ǵڵ ˵ع  ͡ڢ ڵٻҹ 
@ԧö:  .,. ؤڸ     .. ʹڸԭҳҪ
@ . ͭʵڵ     ..  ʷ  ʵ
صدҹҹ  ¹ڵ, ڻ ˵ ˵ػڨµ һ, 
   ڨ.   ڨ Ծ˹ڶ Եڵ
ǷԵھ.
     Էҹ "ҹڻ ڨػڻڹ"  ҹ ๵ڶ ԭҵ
ԹԨک.  ҹڻ⵵ ­ ˵ ҵ ҡ-
Իҡ ؾھ. ڶ ˵ ڵ Ǩҷ෹
ؾھ, ͡˵ Ǩ, Իҡ˵  Ǩҷ෹ ؾھ,
˵ Ǩ ٻǨ ٻǨõ . ڶ Ǩá˵
 ҷʹ . ٻǨҷԡ˵ػ  . ͡˵
ҷʹ . Իҡ˵  ҷʹ   ˹ڵ.
Եڵڻ¤ʹ    ˵ٹ ҹڻҵ 
ǵڶ ҹڻ ԭҵ ԹԨک.
     ڨػڻڹ⵵ Թ ڨ¹   ػڻڪڵ, 
 ҹ  ڨµ ڻ ԹԨک ԭҵ⾵ ͵. ڶ
  ˵ػڨ Ǩá˵ ٻ ͵ڵ ڻصڵ-
ҹ Եڵدҹٻҹڨ ˵ػڨ ˵, ٻ ڻصڵ-
ҹ. ٻǨá˵ ٻ ڻصڵҹ
Եڵدҹٻҹڨ ˵ػڨ. ٻǨá˵ Ǩá˵ʷ.
 ͻһڹ˵,  ͡˵. ǨԻҡ˵  
͵ڵ ڻصڵҹ ʹڸ ڵٻҹ ǵ Եڵدҹٻҹڨ
˵ػڨ. ٻǨԻҡ˵ ٻ صڵڻҹ ˵ػڨ.
ٻǨԻҡ˵ ٻ ڻصڵҹ ˵ػڨ. ͻһڹ-
Իҡ˵ ٻ ڻصڵҹ Եڵدҹٻҹڨ ٻ
ٻҹ ˵ػڨ. ˵  ػ ˵ʷ
ڨµ ڶ ڨػڻڹ⵻ ԭҵ ԹԨکµ.
                    ˵ػڨ¹Էdzڳ ԯԵ.
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öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=55&A=9146 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=55&A=9146 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=40&i=2 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=40&A=31 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=40&A=12 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=40&A=12 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_40

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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