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Atthakatha Book 34 : PALI ROMAN Theri.A. (paramatthadi.)

                    Paramatthadipani nama khuddakanikayatthakatha
                          therigathavannana
                            ---------
                namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa.
                           1. Ekakanipata
                   402. 1. Annataratherigathavannana
     ekanipate 1- idani therigathanam atthasamvannanaya okaso anuppatto, tattha
yasma idha 1- bhikkhuninam adito yatha 2- pabbajja upasampada ca patiladdha, tam 3-
pakasetva atthasamvannanaya kariyamanaya tattha tattha gathanam atthuppattim 4- vibhavetum
sukara hoti supakata ca, tasma tam pakasetum adito patthaya sankhepato
ayamanupubbikatha:-
     ayam hi lokanatho "manussattam lingasampatti"tyadina vuttani atthangani
samodhanetva dipankarassa bhagavato padamule katamahabhiniharo 5- samatimsaparamiyo
purento catuvisatiya buddhanam santike laddhabyakarano anukkamena paramiyo puretva
natatthacariyaya lokatthacariyaya buddhatthacariyaya 6- ca kotim patva tusitabhavane
nibbattitva tattha yavatayukam thatva dasasahassacakkavaladevatahi buddhabhavaya:-
               "kaloyam te mahavira     uppajja matukucchiyam
                sadevakam tarayanto      bujjhassu amatam padan"ti 7-
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. ayam patho na dissati 2 Si. adito patthaya yatha 3 Si. patiladdhadhigamanca
@4 Si. atthuppatti 5 Si. katabhiniharo 6 Ma. buddhattacariyaya
@7 khu.buddha. 33/67/445
Ayacitamanussupapattiko tasam devatanam patinnam datva katapancamahavilokano
sakyarajakule suddhodanamaharajassa gehe sato sampajano matukucchim okkanto
dasamase sato sampajano tattha thatva sato sampajano tato nikkhanto lumbinivane
laddhabhijatiko vividha dhatiyo adim katva mahata pariharena sammadeva parihariyamano
anukkamena vuddhippatto tisu pasadesu vividhanatakajanaparivuto devo viya sampattim
anubhavanto jinnabyadhimatadassanena jatasamvego nanassa paripakatam gatatta kamesu
adinavam nekkhamme ca anisamsam disva rahulakumarassa jatadivase channasahayo kanthakam 1-
assarajam aruyha devatahi vivatena dvarena addharattikasamaye 2- mahabhinikkhamanam
nikkhamitva teneva rattavasesena tini rajjani atikkamitva anomanaditiram
patva ghatikaramahabrahmuna anite arahattaddhaje gahetva pabbajito tavadeva
vassasatthikatthero 3- viya akappasampanno hutva pasadikena iriyapathena anukkamena
rajagaham patva tattha pindaya caritva pandavapabbatapabbhare pindapatam
paribhunjitva magadharajena rajjena nimantiyamano tam patikkhipitva bhaggavassaramam
gantva tassa samayam parigganhitva tato alarudakanam 4- samayam parigganhitva
tam sabbam analankaritva anukkamena uruvelam gantva tattha chabbassani dukkarakarikam
katva taya ariyadhammapativedhassabhavam natva "nayam maggo bodhaya"ti olarikam
aharam aharanto katipahena balam gahetva visakhapunnamadivase sujataya dinnam
varabhojanam bhunjitva suvannapatim nadiya patisotam khipitva "ajja buddho bhavissami"ti
katasannitthano sayanhasamaye kalena nagarajena abhitthutaguno bodhimandam aruyha
acalatthane pacinalokadhatuabhimukho aparajitapallanke nisinno caturangasamannagatam viriyam
adhitthaya suriye anatthangateyeva marabalam vidhamitva pathamayame. Pubbenivasam
anussaritva majjhimayame dibbacakkhum visodhetva pacchimayame paticcasamuppade nanam
otaretva anulomapatilomam paccayakaram sammasanto vipassanam vaddhetva sabbabuddhehi
@Footnote: 1 Si. kanthakam  2 Ma. addharatta...  3 Ma. vassasatikatthero  4 Si.,i. alaruddakanam
Adhigatam anannasadharanam sammasambodhim adhigantva nibbanarammanaya phala-
samapattiya tattheva sattaham vitinametva teneva nayena itare sattahepi bodhi-
mandeyeva vitinametva rajayatanamule madhupindikabhojanam bhunjitva puna ajapala-
nigrodhamule nisinno dhammataya dhammagambhiratam paccavekkhitva appossukkataya
citte namante 1- mahabrahmuna ayacito buddhacakkhuna lokam volokento 2-
tikkhindriyamudindriyadibhede satte disva mahabrahmuna 3- dhammadesanaya
katapatinano "kassa nu kho aham pathamam dhammam deseyyan"ti avajjento alarudakanam
kalankatabhavam natva "bahupakara kho me pancavaggiya bhikkhu, ye mam padhanapahitattam
upatthahimsu, yannunaham tesam 4- pancavaggiyanam bhikkhunam pathamam dhammam deseyyan"ti
5- cintetva asalha punnamayam mahabodhito baranasim uddissa attharasayojanamaggam
patipanno antaramagge upakena ajivakena saddhim mantetva anukkamena isipatanam patva
tattha pancavaggiye sannapetva "dveme bhikkhave anta pabbajitena na
sevitabba"tiadina 6- dhammacakkappavattanasuttantadesanaya annasikondannappamukha 7-
attharasa brahmakotiyo dhammamatam payetva patipade bhaddiyattheram, pakkhassa dutiyayam
vappattheram, pakkhassa tatiyayam mahanamattheram, catutthiyam assajittheram sotapattiphale
patitthapetva, pancamiyam pana pakkhassa anattalakkhanasuttantadesanaya 8- sabbepi
arahatte patitthapetva tato param yasadarakappamukhe pancapannasapurise kappasikavanasande
timsamatte bhaddavaggiye gayasise pitthipasane sahassamatte puranajatileti evam
mahajanam ariyabhumim otaretva bimbisarappamukhani ekadasanahutani sotapattiphale
ekam 4- nahutam saranattaye patitthapetva veluvanam patiggahetva tattha viharanto
assajittherassa vahasa 9- adhigatapathamamagge sanjayam 10- apucchitva saddhim parisaya
attano santikam upagate sariputtamoggallane aggaphalam sacchikatva savakaparamiya
matthakam
@Footnote: 1 i. cittena matte  2 Ma. voloketva  3 Ma. mahabrahmuno  4 cha.Ma. ayam patho na
@dissati  5 vi.maha. 4/10/10  6 vi.maha. 4/13/13, sam.maha. 19/1081/367,
@khu.pati. 31/30/358  7 Ma. annatakondannapamukha  8 vi.maha. 4/20/17,
@sam.kha. 17/59/55  9 Ma. assajittherassa vasena  10 cha.Ma. sancayam
Patte aggasavakatthane thapetva kaludayittherassa abhiyacanaya kapilavatthum gantva
manatthaddhe natake yamakapatihariyena dametva, pitaram anagamiphale, mahapajapatim
sotapattiphale ca patitthapetva nandakumaranca rahulakumaranca pabbajetva sattha
punadeva rajagaham paccagacchi.
      Aparena samayena satthari vesalim upanissaya kutagarasalayam viharante
suddhodanamaharaja setacchattassa hetthava arahattam sacchikatva parinibbayi. Atha
mahapajapatiya gotamiya pabbajjaya cittam uppajji, tato rohininaditire kalahavivada-
suttantadesanaya 1- pariyosane nikkhamitva pabbajitanam pancannam kumarasatanam pada-
paricarika ekajjhasayava hutva mahapajapatiya santikam gantva sabbava "satthu
santike pabbajissama"ti mahapajapatim jetthikam katva satthu santikam gantukama
ahesum. Ayanca mahapajapati 2- pubbepi ekavaram sattharam pabbajjam yacitva nalattha,
tasma kappakam pakkosapetva kese chindapetva kasayani acchadetva sabba
ta sakiyaniyo adaya vesalim 3- gantva anandattherena dasabalam yacapetva
atthagarudhammapatiggahanena pabbajjam upasampadanca alattha. Itara pana sabbapi ekato
upasampanna ahesum. Ayamettha sankhePo. Vittharato panetam 4- vatthu tattha tattha
paliyam 5- agatameva.
      Evam upasampanna pana mahapajapati sattharam  upasankamitva abhivadetva
ekamantam atthasi, athassa sattha dhammam desesi. Sa satthu santike kammatthanam
gahetva arahattam papuni. Sesa ca pancasatabhikkhuniyo nandakovadapariyosane 6-
arahattam papunimsu. Evam bhikkhunisamghe suppatitthite puthubhute tattha tattha gamanigama-
janapadarajadhanisu kulitthiyo kulasunhayo kulakumarikayo buddhasubuddhatam dhammasudhammatam
samghasuppatipattitanca sutva sasane abhippasanna samsare ca jatasamvega attano
@Footnote: 1 khu.su. 25/869/503  2 Si.,i. mahapajapati  3 Ma. vesaliyam
@4 Ma. panettha  5 vi.cula. 7/402/231  6 Ma.u. 14/398/344
Samike matapitaro natake ca anujanapetva sasane uram datva pabbajimsu.
Pabbajitva ca silacarasampanna satthuno ca tesam therananca santike ovadam
labhitva ghatentiyo vayamantiyo nacirasseva arahattam sacchakamsu. Tahi udanadivasena
tattha tattha bhasita gatha paccha sangitikarakehi ekajjham katva ekakanipatadivasena
sangitim aropayimsu "ima therigatha nama"ti. Tasam nipatadivibhago hettha
vuttoyeva. Tattha nipatesu ekakanipato adi. Tatthapi:-
              [1]  "sukham supahi therike        katva colena paruta
                    upasanto hi te rago     sukkhadakamva kumbhiyan"ti
ayam gatha adi.
      Tassa ka upapatti? atite kira annatara kuladhita konagamanassa bhagavato
Kale sasane abhippasanna hutva sattharam nimantetva dutiyadivase sakhamandapam
karetva valikam attharitva upari vitanam bandhitva gandhapupphadihi pujam katva
satthu kalam arocapesi. Sattha tattha gantva pannatte asane nisidi. Sa
bhagavantam vanditva panitena khadaniyena bhojaniyena parivisitva 1- bhagavantam bhuttavim
onitapattapanim ticivarena acchadesi. Tassa bhagava anumodanam katva pakkami.
Sa yavatayukam punnani katva ayupariyosane devaloke nibbattitva ekam
buddhantaram sugatisu eva samsaranti kassapassa bhagavato kale gahapatikule nibbattitva
vinnutam patva samsare jatasamvega sasane pabbajitva upasampajjitva visativassa-
sahassani bhikkhunisilam puretva puthujjanakalakiriyam katva sagge nibbattitva 2-
ekam buddhantaram saggasampattim anubhavitva imasmim buddhappade vesaliyam khattiya-
mahasalakule nibbatti, tam thirasantasarirataya therikati voharimsu. Sa vayappatta kulappa-
desadina samanajatikassa khattiyakumarassa matapituhi dinna patidevata hutva vasanti
satthu
@Footnote: 1 Si. parivisetva, Ma.,i. paribhunjapetva  2 cha.Ma. nibbatta
Vesaligamane sasane patiladdhasaddha upasika hutva aparabhage mahapajapatigotami-
theriya santike dhammam sutva pabbajjaya rucim uppadetva "aham pabbajissami"ti
samikassarocesi. Samiko nanujanati. Sa pana 1- katadhikarataya yathasutam 2- dhammam
paccavekkhitva ruparupadhamme pariggahetva vipassanam anuyutta viharati.
      Athekadivasam mahanase sabbabyanjane paccamane mahati aggijala utthahi. Sa
aggijala 3- sakalabhajanam tatatatayantam jhayati. Sa tam disva tadevarammanam katva
sutthuttaram aniccatam upatthahantam upadharetva tato tattha dukkhaniccanattatanca
aropetva vipassanam vaddhetva anukkamena ussukkapetva maggapatipatiya
anagamiphale patitthahi. Sa tato patthaya abharanam va alankaram va na dhareti,
sa samikena "kasma tvam bhadde idani pubbe viya abharanam va alankaram
va na dharesi"ti vutta 4- attano gihibhave abhabbabhavam arocetva pabbajjam
anujanapesi. So visakho upasako viya dhammadinnam mahata pariharena mahapajapati-
gotamiya santikam netva "imam ayye pabbajetha"ti aha. Atha mahapajapatigotami
tam pabbajetva upasampadetva viharam netva sattharam dassesi. Sattha tassa 5-
pakatiya dittharammanameva vibhavento
               "sukham supahi therike       katva colena paruta
                upasanto hi te rago    sukkhadakamva kumbhiyan"ti
imam gathamaha.
       Tattha sukhanti bhavanapumsakaniddeso. Supahiti anattivacanam. Theriketi amantana-
vacanam. Katva colena parutati appicchataya niyojanam. Upasanto hi te ragoti
patipattikittanam. Sukkhadakamvati upasametabbassa kilesassa asarabhavanidassanam.
Kumbhiyanti tadadharassa aniccatucchadibhavanidassanam.
@Footnote: 1 Ma.,i. sasane 2 Ma.,i. yathasukham 3 Si. taya aggijalaya 4 Ma. vutte
@5 cha.Ma. satthapissa
      Sukhanti cetam itthadhivacanam, sukhena niddukkha hutvati attho. Supahiti
nippajjanidassanancetam catunnam iriyapathanam, tasma cattaropi iriyapathe sukheneva
kappehi sukham viharati attho. Theriketi idam yadipi tassa namakittanam, pacurena
anvatthasannabhavato pana thirasasane thirabhavappatte, thirehi siladidhammehi
samannagateti attho. Katva colena parutati pamsukulacolehi civaram katva acchadita-
sarira tam nivattha ceva paruta ca. Upasanto hi te ragoti hisaddo hetvattho,
yasma tava santane uppajjanakakamarago upasanto anagamimaggananaggina
daddho, idani tadavasesam ragam aggamaggananaggina dahetva sukham supahiti
adhippayo. Sukkhadakamva kumbhiyanti yatha tam pakke bhajane appakam dakabyanjanam
mahatiya aggijalaya paccamanam jhayitva sussantam vupasammati, yatha va udakamisse
dakabyanjane uddhanam aropetva paccamane udake vijjamane tam ciccitayati
citicitayati, udake pana chinne upasantameva hoti, evam tava santane kamarago
upasanto itarampi vupasametva sukham supahiti.
      Theri indriyanam paripakam gatatta 1- satthu desanavilasena ca gathapariyosane
saha patisambhidahi arahattam papuni. Tena vuttam apadane 2-:-
             "konagamanabuddhassa         mandapo karito maya
              thupanca pavaramadam 3-        buddhassa lokabandhuno.
              Yam yam janapadam yami         nigame rajadhaniyo
              sabbattha pujita 4- homi    punnakammassidam phalam.
              Kilesa jhapita mayham      bhava sabbe samuhata
              nagiva bandhanam chetva      viharami anasava.
@Footnote: 1 Ma.,i. yathaparipakam gatatta 2 khu.apa. 33/26/85 3 cha.Ma. dhuvam ticivaramdasim
@4 cha.Ma. pujito
              Svagatam vata me asi      buddhasetthassa santike
              tisso vijja anuppatta    katam buddhassa sasanam.
              Patisambhida catasso        vimokkhapi ca atthime
              chalabhinna sacchikata        katam buddhassa sasanan"ti.
      Arahattam patva pana theri udanenti tameva gatham abhasi, tenayam gatha
tassa theriya gatha ahosi. Tattha theriya vuttagathaya anavaseso rago
pariggahitopi 1- aggamaggena tassa vupasamassa adhippetatta. Ragavupasameneva cettha
sabbesam kilesanampi vupasamo vuttoti datthabbam tadekatthataya sabbesam kilesadhammanam
vupasamasiddhito. Tatha hi vuccati:-
             "uddhaccavicikicchahi         yo moho sahajo mato
              pahanekatthabhavena        ragena sarano 2- hi so"ti.
      Yatha cettha sabbesam sankilesanam vupasamo vutto, evam sabbathapi tesam
vupasamo vuttoti veditabbam pubbabhage tadangavasena, samathavipassanakkhane vikkhambhana-
vasena, maggakkhane samucchedavasena, phalakkhane patippassaddhivasena vupasamasiddhito.
Tena catubbidhassapi pahanassa siddhi veditabba. Tattha tadangappahanena silasampada-
siddhi, vikkhambhanapahanena samadhisampadasiddhi, itare hi pannasampadasiddhi dassita
hoti pahanabhisamayopasijjhanato. 3- Yatha bhavanabhisamayam sadheti tasmim asati tadabhavato,
tatha sacchikiriyabhisamayam parinnabhisamayanca sadheti evati. Caturabhisamayasiddhiya tisso
sikkha, patipattiya tividhakalyanata, satta visuddhiyo ca paripunna imaya gathaya
pakasita hontiti veditabbam. Annatara theri apannata namagottadivasena
apakata, eka theri lakkhanasampanna bhikkhuni imam gatham abhasiti adhippayo.
                    Annataratherigathavannana nitthita.
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. pisaddo na dissati  2 Ma. sarane  3 Ma.,i. pahanabhisamayo ca sijjhanto



             The Pali Atthakatha in Roman Book 34 page 1-8. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=34&A=1&modeTY=2              อรรถกถาบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=34&A=1&modeTY=2              อ่านอรรถกถาแปลไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=26&i=402              เนื้อความพระไตรปิฎกฉบับหลวง :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=26&A=8882              พระไตรปิฎกฉบับบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=26&A=8976              The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=26&A=8976              Contents of The Tipitaka Volume 26 http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_26

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