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พระผู้มีพระภาคอรหันตสัมมาสัมพุทธเจ้า
                      พระองค์นั้น
บทนำ พระวินัยปิฎก พระสุตตันตปิฎก พระอภิธรรมปิฎก ค้นพระไตรปิฎก ชาดก หนังสือธรรมะ
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Atthakatha Book 49 : PALI ROMAN Apa.A.1 (visuddha.1)

                    3. Mahakassapattherapadanavannana
     padumuttarassa bhagavatotyadikam ayasmato mahakassapattherassa apadanam.
Ayampi purimabuddhesu katadhikaro tattha tattha bhave vivattupanissayani
punnasambharani upacinanto padumuttarabhagavato kale hamsavatinagare vedeho
nama asitikotivibhavo kutumbiko ahosi. So buddhamamako dhammamamako
samghamamako upasako hutva viharanto ekasmim uposathadivase patova subhojanam
bhunjitva uposathangani adhitthaya gandhapupphadini gahetva viharam gantva
sattharam pujetva vanditva ekamantam nisidi.
     Tasmim ca khane sattha mahanisabhattheram nama tatiyasavakam "etadaggam
bhikkhave mama savakanam bhikkhunam dhutavadanam yadidam nisabho"ti etadagge thapesi.
Upasako tam sutva pasanno dhammakathavasane mahajane utthaya gate sattharam
vanditva "sve bhante mayham bhikkham adhivasetha"ti nimantesi. Maha kho
upasaka bhikkhusamghoti. Kittako bhanteti. Atthasatthibhikkhusatasahassanti. Bhante
ekam samanerampi vihare asesetva mayham bhikkham ganhathati. Sattha adhivasesi.
Upasako satthu adhivasanam natva geham gantva mahadanam sajjetva
punadivase satthu kalam arocapesi. Sattha pattacivaramadaya bhikkhusamghaparivuto
upasakassa gharam gantva pannattasane nisinno dakkhinodakavasane
yaguadini sampaticchanto bhattavissaggam akasi. Upasakopi satthu santike nisidi.
     Tasmim antare mahanisabhatthero pindaya caranto tameva vithim
patipajji. Upasako disva utthaya gantva theram vanditva "pattam bhante

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Detha"ti aha. Thero pattam adasi. Bhante idheva pavisatha, satthapi gehe nisinnoti. Na vattissati upasakati. So therassa pattam gahetva pindapatassa puretva adasi. Tato theram anugantva nivatto satthu santike nisiditva evamaha "mahanisabhatthero bhante `satthapi gehe nisinno'ti vuttepi pavisitum na icchi, atthi nu kho etassa tumhakam gunehi atirekaguno"ti. Buddhananca vannamaccheram nama natthi, tasma sattha evamaha "upasaka mayam bhikkham agamayamana gehe nisidama, so bhikkhu na evam nisiditva bhikkham udikkhati. Mayam gamantasenasane vasama, so aranneyeva vasati. Mayam channe vasama, so abbhokaseyeva vasati"ti bhagava "ayanca ayancetassa guno"ti mahasamuddam purayamano viya tassa gunam kathesi. Upasakopi pakatiya jalamanadipo telena asitto viya sutthutaram pasanno hutva cintesi "kim mayham annaya sampattiya, yannunaham anagate ekassa buddhassa santike dhutavadanam aggabhavatthaya patthanam karissami"ti. So punapi sattharam nimantetva teneva niyamena satta divase mahadanam datva sattame divase buddhappamukhassa mahabhikkhusamghassa ticivarani datva satthu padamule nipajjitva evamaha "yam me bhante satta divase danam dentassa mettam kayakammam mettam vacikammam mettam manokammam paccupatthitam, iminaham na annam devasampattim va sakkamarabrahmasampattim va patthemi, idam pana me kammam anagate ekassa buddhassa santike mahanisabhattherena pattatthanantaram papunanatthaya terasadhutangadharanam aggabhavassa adhikaro hotu"ti. Sattha "mahantam thanam imina patthitam, samijjhissati nu kho, no"ti olokento samijjhanabhavam disva aha "manapam te thanam patthitam, anagate satasahassakappavasane gotamo nama buddho uppajjissati, tassa tvam tatiyasavako mahakassapatthero nama bhavissasi"ti byakasi. Tam sutva upasako "buddhanam dve katha nama natthi"ti punadivase pattabbam viya tam sampattim amannittha. So yavatayukam danam datva silam samadaya rakkhitva nanappakaram punnakammam

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Katva kalam katva sagge nibbatti. Tato patthaya devamanussesu sampattim anubhavanto ito ekanavutikappe vipassisammasambuddhe bandhumatinagaram upanissaya kheme migadaye viharante devaloka cavitva annatarasmim parijinnabrahmanakule nibbatti. Tasminca kale vipassi bhagava sattame samvacchare dhammam kathesi, mahantam kolahalam ahosi. Sakalajambudipe devata "sattha dhammam kathessati"ti arocesum. Brahmano tam sasanam assosi. Tassa nivasanasatako ekoyeva, tatha brahmaniya. Parupanam pana dvinnampi ekameva. So sakalanagare "ekasatakabrahmano"ti pannayi. So brahmano kenacideva kiccena brahmananam sannipate sati brahmanim gehe thapetva sayam tam vattham parupitva gacchati, brahmaninam sannipate sati sayam gehe acchati, brahmani tam vattham parupitva gacchati. Tasamim pana divase so brahmanim aha "bhoti kim tvam rattim dhammam sunissasi, udahu diva"ti. "sami aham matugamo bhirukajatika rattim sotum na sakkomi, diva sossami"ti tam brahmanam gehe thapetva tam vattham parupitva upasikahi saddhim viharam gantva sattharam vanditva ekamantam nisinna dhammam sutva upasikahi saddhim agamasi. Atha brahmano tam gehe thapetva tam vattham parupitva viharam gato. Tasmim ca samaye sattha parisamajjhe alankatadhammasane nisinno cittavijanim gahetva akasagangam otarento viya sinerum mantham 1- katva sagaram nimmanthento viya ca dhammakatham kathesi. Brahmanassa parisapariyantena nisinnassa dhammam sunantassa pathamayameyeva sakalasariram purayamana pancavanna piti uppajji. So parutavattham sangharitva 2- "dasabalassa dassami"ti cintesi. Athassa adinavasahassam dassayamanam 3- maccheram uppajji. So "brahmaniya tuyhanca ekameva vattham, annam kinci parupanam nama natthi, aparupitva bahi vicaritum na sakkomi"ti sabbathapi adatukamo ahosi. Athassa nikkhante pathame majjhimayameti tatheva piti uppajji. So tatheva cintetva @Footnote: 1 Si. mattham. 2 Si. samharitva. 3 Ma. maddayamanam.

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Tatheva adatukamo ahosi. Athassa majjhime yame nikkhante majjhimayamepi tatheva piti uppajji. Tada so maccheram jinitva vattham sangharitva satthu padamule thapesi. Tato vamahattham abhujitva dakkhinena hatthena apphotetva "jitam me jitam me"ti tikkhattum nadi. Tasmim samaye bandhuma raja dhammasanassa pacchato antosaniyam nisinno dhammam sunati. Ranno ca nama "jitam me"ti saddo amanapo hoti. Raja purisam anapesi "gaccha bhane etam puccha `kim so vadati'ti. "brahmano tenagantva pucchito "avasesa hatthiyanadini aruyha asicammadini gahetva parasenam jinanti, na tam acchariyam. Aham pana pacchato agacchantassa kutagonassa muggarena sisam bhinditva tam palapento viya maccheracittam jinitva parutavattham dasabalassa adasim, tam me jitam maccheram acchariyan"ti aha. So agantva tam pavattim ranno arocesi. Raja "amhe bhane dasabalassa anurupam na janama, brahmano janati"ti tassa pasiditva vatthayugam pesesi. Tam disva brahmano cintesi "raja mayham tunhi nisinnassa pathamam kinci adatva satthu gune kathentassa adasi satthu gune paticca idam uppannam, satthuyeva anucchavikan"ti tampi vatthayugam dasabalassa adasi. Raja "kim brahmanena katan"ti pucchitva "tampi tena vatthayugam tathagatasseva dinnan"ti sutva annanipi dve vatthayugani pesesi, so tanipi satthu adasi. 1- Puna raja annanipi cattariti evam vatva yava evam dvattimsa vatthayugani pesesi. Atha brahmano "idamvaddhetva vaddhetva gahanam viya hoti"ti attano atthaya ekam, brahmaniya ekanti dve vatthayugani gahetva timsa yugani tathagatasseva adasi. Tato patthaya ca so satthu vissasiko jato. Atha tam raja ekadivasam sitasamaye satthu santike dhammam sunantam disva satasahassagghanakam attano parutam rattakambalam datva aha "ito patthaya imam parupitva dhammam sunahi"ti. So "kim me imina kambalena imasmim putikaye @Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. adasi.

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Upanitena"ti cintetva antogandhakutiyam tathagatassa mancassa upari vitanam katva agamasi. Athekadivasam raja patova viharam gantva antogandhakutiyam satthu santike nisidi. Tasmim khane chabbanna buddharasmiyo kambale patihannanti, kambalo ativiya virocittha. Raja ullokento sanjanitva aha "amhakam bhante esa kambalo, amhehi ekasatakabrahmanassa dinno"ti. "tumhehi maharaja brahmano pujito, brahmanena mayam pujitati. Raja "brahmano yuttam annasi, na mayan"ti pasiditva yam manussanam upakarabhutam, tam sabbam atthatthakam katva sabbatthakam nama danam datva purohitatthane thapesi. Sopi "atthatthakam nama catusatthi hoti"ti catusatthisalakabhattani upatthapetva yavajivam danam datva silam rakkhitva tato cuto sagge nibbatti. Puna tato cuto imasmim kappe bhagavato konagamanassa, bhagavato kassapassa cati dvinnam antare baranasiyam kutumbikakule nibbatto, so vaddhimanvaya gharavasam vasanto ekadivasam aranne janghaviharam vicarati. Tasmim ca samaye paccekabuddho naditire civarakammam karonto anuvate appahonte sangharitva thapetumaraddho. So tam disva "kasma bhante sangharitva thapetha"ti aha. Anuvato nappahotiti. "imina bhante karotha"ti uttarisatakam datva "nibbattanibbattatthane me kaci 1- hani ma hotu"ti patthanam akasi. Gharepissa bhaginiya saddhim bhariyaya kalaham karontiya paccekabuddho pindaya pavisi. Athassa bhagini paccekabuddhassa pindapatam datva tassa bhariyam sandhaya "evarupam balam yojanasate parivajjeyyan"ti patthanam thapesi. Sa gehangane thita sutva "imaya dinnabhattam esa ma bhunjatu"ti pattam gahetva bhattam chaddetva kalalassa puretva adasi. Itara disva "bale mam tava akkosa va pahara va, evarupassa pana dve asankhyeyyani puritaparamissa paccekabuddhassa pattato bhattam chaddetva kalalam datum na yuttan"ti aha. Athassa bhariyaya patisankhanam uppajji. Sa "titthatha bhante"ti kalalam chaddetva @Footnote: 1 ka. koci.

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Pattam dhovitva gandhacunnena ubbattetva panitabhattassa catumadhurassa ca puretva upari asittena padumagabbhavannena sappina vijjotamanam pattam paccekabuddhassa hatthe thapetva "yatha ayam pindapato obhasajato, evam obhasajatam me sariram hotu"ti patthanam akasi. Paccekabuddho anumoditva akasam pakkhandi. Tepi dve jayampatika 1- yavatayukam thatva tato cuta sagge nibbattimsu, puna tato cavitva upasako kassapasammasambuddhakale baranasiyam asitikotivibhavasampanne kule nibbatti, itarapi tadisasseva setthino dhita hutva nibbatti, tassa vayappattassa tameva setthidhitaram anayimsu. Tassa pubbe anitthavipakassa papakammassa anubhavena patikulam pavitthamattaya ummarantarato patthaya sakalam geham ugghatitavaccakupo viya duggandham jatam. Kumaro "kassayam gandho"ti pucchitva "setthikannaya"ti sutva "niharatha nan"ti tassayeva kulagharam pesesi. Sa teneva niharena sattasu thanesu patinivatti. Tena samayena kassapadasabalo parinibbayi, tassa satasahassagghanikahi suvannitthakahi yojanubbedham cetiyam arabhimsu. Tasmim cetiye kariyamane sa setthidhita cintesi "aham sattasu thanesu patinivatta, kim me jivitena"ti attano abharanabhandam bhanjapetva suvannitthakam karesi ratanayatam vidatthivitthinnam caturangulubbedham. Tato haritalamanosilapindam gahetva attha uppalapupphahatthake adaya cetiyakaranatthanam gata. Tasmim ca khane eka itthakapanti parikkhipitva agacchamana ghatanitthakaya una hoti. Setthidhita vaddhakim aha "imam me itthakam ettha thapetha"ti. Amma bhaddake kale agatasi, sayameva thapehiti. Sa aruyha telena haritalamanosilapindam yojetva tena bandhanena itthakam patitthapetva upari atthahi uppalapupphahatthehi 2- pujam katva vanditva "nibbattanibbattatthane me kayato candanagandho vayatu, mukhato uppalagandho"ti patthanam katva cetiyam vanditva padakkhinam katva geham agamasi. @Footnote: 1 ka. jayapatika. 2 cha.Ma. upalapupphahatthakehi.

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Tasmimyeva khane sa yassa setthiputtassa pathamam geham nita, tassa tam arabbha sati udapadi. Nagarepi nakkhattam sanghuttham hoti. So upatthake aha "idha anita setthidhita kuhin"ti. Kulagehe samiti. Anetha nam, nakkhattam kilissamiti. Te gantva tam vanditva thita. "kim tata agatattha"ti taya puttha tassa tam pavattim acikkhimsu. Tata maya abharanabhandehi cetiyam pujitam, abharanam me natthiti. Te gantva setthiputtassa arocesum. Anetha nam, pilandhanam labhissatiti. Te tam anayimsu. Tassa saha gehapavesanena sakalageham candanagandho ceva uppalagandho ca vayi. Setthiputto tam pucchi "bhadde tava sarirato pathamam duggandho vayi, idani pana te sarirato candanagandho, mukhato uppalagandho vayati, kimetan"ti. Sa adito patthaya attano katakammam arocesi. Setthiputto "niyyanikam vata buddhasasanan"ti pasiditva yojanikam suvannacetiyam kambalakancukena paticchadetva tattha tattha rathacakkapamanehi suvannapadumehi alankari. Tesam dvadasahattha olambaka honti. So tattha yavatayukam thatva tato cuto sagge nibbattitva puna tato cavitva baranasito yojanamatte thane annatarasmim amaccakule nibbatti, bhariya panassa devalokato cavitva rajakule jettharajadhita hutva nibbatti, tesu vayappattesu kumarassa vasanagame nakkhattam sanghuttham. So mataram aha "amma satakam me dehi, nakkhattam kilissami"ti. Sa dhotavattham 1- niharitva adasi. "amma thulamidan"ti aha. Sa annam niharitva adasi. So tampi patikkhipi. Atha nam mata aha "tata yadise gehe mayam jata, natthi no ito sukhumatarassa patilabhaya punnan"ti. Tena hi labhanatthanam gacchami ammati. Putta aham ajjeva tuyham baranasinagararajjapatilabham icchamiti so mataram vanditva gacchami ammati. Gaccha tatati. So pana punnaniyamena nikkhamitva baranasim gantva uyyane mangalasilapatte sasisam parupitva nipajji. So ca baranasiranno kalankatassa sattamo divaso hoti. @Footnote: 1 ka. dhotavannam.

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Amacca ranno sarirakiccam katva rajangane nisiditva mantayimsu "ranno eka dhitava atthi, putto natthi, arajakam rajjam nassissati, ko raja bhavitum arahati"ti tvam hohi, tvam hohiti. Purohito aha "bahum oloketum na vattati, phussaratham vissajjessama"ti. Te kumudavanne cattaro sindhave yojetva pancavidharajakakudhabhandam setacchattanca tasmim thapetva ratham vissajjetva pacchato turiyani pagganhapesum. Ratho pacinadvarena nikkhamitva uyyanabhimukho agamasi. "paricayena uyyanabhimukho gacchati, nivattema"ti keci ahamsu. Purohito "ma nivattayittha"ti aha. Ratho gantva kumaram padakkhinam katva aruhanasajjo hutva atthasi. Purohito parupanakannam apanetva padatalani olokento "titthatu ayam dipo dvisahassaparittadipavaresu catusu mahadipesu esa rajjam karetum yutto"ti vatva "turiyani pagganhatha"ti tikkhattum turiyani pagganhapeti. Atha kumaro mukham vivaritva olokento "kena kammena agatattha"ti aha. Deva tumhakam rajjam papunatiti. Raja vo kahanti, devattam gato samiti. Kati divasa atikkantati. Ajja sattamo divasoti. Putto va dhita va natthiti. Dhita atthi deva, putto natthiti. Tenahi karissami rajjanti. Te tavadeva abhisekamandapam karetva rajadhitaram sabbalankarehi alankaritva uyyanam anetva kumarassa abhisekam akamsu. Athassa katabhisekassa satasahassagghanakam vattham upanayimsu. So "kimidam tata"ti aha. Nivasanavattham devati. Nanu tata thulanti, manussaparibhogavatthesu ito mudutaram natthi devati. Tummakam raja evarupam nivasesiti. Ama devati. "na manne punnava tumhakam raja"ti "suvannabhingaram aharatha, labhissami vatthan"ti suvannabhingaram aharapetva utthaya hatthe dhovitva mukham vikkhaletva hatthena udakam gahetva puratthimadisayam abbhukkiri. Ghanapathavim bhinditva attha kapparukkha utthahimsu. Puna udakam gahetva dakkhinapacchimauttaradisayanti evam catusu disasu abbhukkiri, sabbadisasu atthatthakam katva dvattimsa kapparukkha utthahimsu. So ekam dibbadussam nivasetva ekam

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Parupitva "nandaranno 1- vijite suttakantika itthiyo ma suttam kantimsuti evam bherim carapetha"ti vatva chattam ussapetva alankatapatiyatto hatthikkhandhavaragato nagaram pavisitva pasadam abhiruyha mahasampattim anubhavi. Evam gacchante kale devi ranno sampattim disva "aho vata tapassi"ti karunnakaram dassesi. "kimidam devi"ti puttha "atimahati deva te sampatti, atite buddhanam saddahitva katakalyanassa phalam, idani anagatassa paccayam punnam na karotha"ti aha. Kassa massama, silavanto natthiti. "asunno devajambudipo arahantehi, tumhe deva danam sajjetha, aham arahante lacchami"ti aha. Punadivase raja pacinadvare danam sajjapesi. Devi patova uposathangani adhitthaya uparipasade puratthabhimukha urena nipajjitva "sace etissaya disaya arahanto atthi, sve agantva amhakam bhikkham ganhantu"ti aha. Tassam disayam arahanto nahesum, tam sakkaram kapanayacakanam adamsu. Punadivase dakkhinadvare sajjetva tatheva dakkhineyyam nalattha, punadivasepi pacchimadvare tatheva. Uttaradvare sajjitadivase pana deviya tatheva nimantentiya himavante vasantanam padumavati puttanam pancasatanam paccekabuddhanam jetthako mahapadumapaccekabuddho bhatike amantesi "marisa nandaraja 2- tumhe nimanteti, adhivasetha tassa"ti. Te adhivasetva punadivase anotattadahe mukham dhovitva akasenagantva uttaradvare otarimsu. Manussa disva gantva"pancasata deva paccekabuddha agata"ti ranno arocesum. Raja saddhim deviya gantva vanditva paccekabuddhe pasadam aropetva tatra nesam danam datva bhattakiccavasane raja samghattherassa, devi samghanavakassa padamule nipatitva "ayya bhante paccayehi na kilamissanti, mayanca punnena na parihayissama, amhakam yavajivam idha nivasaya patinnam dethati patinnam karetva uyyane panca pannasalasatani panca cankamanasataniti sabbakarena nivasanatthanani sampadetva tattha vasapesum. @Footnote: 1 Si., i. nandiyaranno. 2 Si., i. nandiyaraja.

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Evam kale gacchante ranno paccante kupite raja "aham paccantam vupasametum gacchami, tvam paccekabuddhesu ma pamajja"ti 1- devim ovaditva gato. Tasmim anagateyeva paccekabuddhanam ayusankhara khina. Mahapadumapaccekabuddho tiyamarattim jhanakilam kilitva arunuggamanasamaye alambanaphalakam alambitva thitakova anupadisesaya nibbanadhatuya parinibbayi, etenupayena sesapiti sabbeva parinibbuta. Punadivase devi paccekabuddhanam nisidanatthanani sajjetva pupphani vikiritva dhupam vasetva tesam agamanam olokenti nisinna agamanam adisva purise pesesi "gacchatha tata, janatha kim ayuyanam aphasukan"ti. Te gantva mahapadumassa pannasalaya dvaram vivaritva tattha tam apassanta cankamanam gantva alambanaphalakam nissaya thitam disva vanditva "kalo bhante"ti ahamsu. Parinibbutasariram kim kathessati, te "niddayati manne"ti vatva pitthipade hatthena paramasitva padanam sitalataya ceva thaddhataya ca parinibbutabhavam natva dutiyassa santikam gantva tatheva natva puna tatiyassati evam sabbepi parinibbutabhavam natva rajakulam agamimsu. "kaham tata paccekabuddha"ti puttha "parinibbuta devi"ti ahamsu. Devi kandanti rodanti nikkhamitva nagarehi saddhim tattha gantva sadhukilitam karetva paccekabuddhanam sarirakiccam karetva dhatuyo gahapetva cetiyam patitthapesi. Raja paccantam vupasametva agato paccuggamanam agatam devim pucchi "kim bhadde tvam paccekabuddhesu na pamajjasi, niroga ca ayya"ti. Parinibbuta devati. Tam sutva raja cintesi "evarupanampi panditanam maranam uppajjati, amhakam kuto mokkho"ti. So nagaram apavisitva uyyanameva gantva jetthaputtam pakkosapetva tassa rajjam niyyatetva 2- sayam samanapabbajjam pabbaji, devipi "ranne pabbajite aham kim karissami"ti tatheva uyyane pabbaji. Dvepi jhanam bhavetva tato cuta brahmaloke nibbattimsu. @Footnote: 1 Ma. mapajjiti. 2 Si., Ma. patiyadetva.

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Tesu tattheva vasantesu amhakam sattha loke uppajjitva pavattitavaradhammacakko anupubbena rajagaham papuni, satthari tattha pativasante ayam pipphalimanavo 1- magadharatthe mahatitthabrahmanagame kapilabrahmanassa bhariyaya kucchimhi nibbatto, ayam bhaddakapilani maddaratthe sagalanagare kosiyagottabrahmanassa bhariyaya kucchimhi nibbatta. Tesam anukkamena vaddhamananam pipphalimanavassa visatime, bhaddaya solasame vaye sampatte matapitaro puttam oloketva "tata tvam vayappatto, kulavamsam patitthapetum yutto"ti ativiya nippiliyimsu. Manavo aha "mayham sotapathe evarupam katham ma kathayittha, aham yava tumhe dharatha, tava patijaggissami, tumhakam accayena 2- nikkhamitva pabbajissami"ti. Te katipaham atikkamitva puna kathayimsu. Sopi puna patikkhipi. Tato patthaya mata nirantaram kathetiyeva. Manavo "mataram sannapessami"ti rattasuvannassa nikkhasahassam datva suvannakarehi itthirupakam karetva tassa majjanaghattanadikammapariyosane tam rattavattham nivasetva suvannasampannehi pupphehi ceva nanalankarehi ca alankarapetva "amma evarupam arammanam labhanto gehe vasissami, alabhanto na vasissami"ti. Pandita brahmani cintesi "mayham putto punnava dinnadano katabhiniharo pubbe punnani karonto na ekakova akasi, addha etena saha katapunna suvannarupakapatibhaga bhavissati"ti. Attha brahmane pakkosapetva sabbabhogehi santappetva suvannarupakam rathe aropetva "gacchatha tata, yattha amhehi jatigottabhogadisamanakule evarupam darikam passatha, tattha idameva suvannarupakam saccakaram 3- katva detha"ti uyyojesi. Te "amhakam nama etam kamman"ti nikkhamitva kattha labhissama, maddarattham nama itthagaram, maddarattham gamissamati maddaratthe sagalanagaram agamamsu. Tattha tam suvannarupakam nhanatitthe thapetva ekamantam nisidimsu. Atha @Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. pippali... 2 Si., i., Ma. pacchato. 3 i., Ma. pannakaram.

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Bhaddaya 1- dhati bhaddam nhapetva alankaritva sayam nhayitum udakatittham gantva suvannarupakam disva "kissayam avinita idhagantva thita"ti pitthipasse paharitva suvannarupakam natva "ayyadhita meti sannam uppadesi, ayam pana ayyadhitaya nivasanapatiggahitayapi asadisa"ti aha. Atha nam te brahmana "evarupa kira te samidhita"ti pucchimsu. Sa imaya suvannapatimaya satagunena sahassagunena mayham ayyadhita abhirupatara, tatha hi "appadipepi dvadasahatthe gabbhe nisinna sarirobhasena tamam vidhamati"ti aha. "tena hi tassa matapitunam santikam gacchama"ti suvannarupakam rathe aropetva tam dhatim anugantva kosiyagottassa gharadvare thatva agamanam arocayimsu. Brahmano 2- patisantharam katva "kuto agatattha"ti pucchi. Te "magadharatthe mahatitthagame kapilabrahmanassa gharato imina nama karanena agatamha"ti ahamsu. "sadhu tata, amhehi samajatigottavibhavo so brahmano, dassama darikan"ti pannakaram ganhi. Te kapilabrahmanassa sasanam pahinimsu "laddha no bhadda nama darika, kattabbam janatha"ti. Tam sasanam sutva pipphalimanavassa arocayimsu "laddha darika"ti. Pipphalimanavo "aham `na labhissanti'ti cintesim, ime `laddha'ti pesenti, anatthiko hutva pannam pesessami"ti rahogato pannam likhi "bhadda attano jatigottabhoganurupam patim labhatu, aham nikkhamitva pabbajissami, ma paccha vippatisarini ahosi"ti. Bhaddapi "asukassa kira mam datukama"ti sutva 3- rahogata pannam likhi "ayyaputto attano jatigottabhoganurupam darikam labhatu, aham pabbajissami, ma paccha vippatisari bhavahi"ti. Dvepi pannani antaramagge samagacchimsu. Idam kassa pannanti. Pipphalimanavena bhaddaya pahitanti. Idam kassati. "bhaddaya pipphalimanavassa pahitan"ti ca vutte te dvepi vacetva "passatha darakanam kamman"ti phaletva aranne chaddetva annam tamsamanam pannam @Footnote: 1 Si., i. bhaddayapi. 2 Si. brahmanena. 3 Si. natva.

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Likhitva ito cito ca 1- pesesum. Iti kumarassa kumarikaya ca sadisam pannam lokassadarahitamevati anicchamananampi tesam dvinnam samagamo ahosi. Tamdivasameva pipphalimanavopi bhaddam ekam pupphadanam ganhapesi. Bhaddapi tani sayanamajjhe thapesi. Ubhopi bhuttasayamasa sayanam aruhitum arabhimsu. Tesu manavo dakkhinapassena sayanam aruhi, bhadda vamapassena abhiruhitva aha "yassa passe pupphani milayanti, tassa ragacittam uppannanti vijanissama, imam pupphadamam na alliyitabban"ti. Te pana annamannam sarirasamphassabhayena sakalarattim niddam anokkamantava vitinamesum. Diva pana hasitamattampi nakamsum. 2- Te lokamisena asamsattha yava matapitaro dharanti, tava kutumbam avicaretva tesu kalankatesu vicarayimsu. Mahati manavassa sampatti. Ekadivasam sariram ubbattetva chaddetabbam suvannacunnam eva magadhanaliya dvadasanalimattam laddhum vattati. Yantabaddhani satthi mahatalakani, kammanto dvadasayojaniko, anuradhapurappamana cuddasa gama, cuddasa hatthanikani, cuddasa assanikani, cuddasa rathanikani. So ekadivasam alankataassam aruyha mahajanaparivuto kammantatthanam gantva khettakotiyam thito nangalehi chinnatthanato kakadayo sakune ganduppadadike panake uddharitva khadante disva "tata ime kim khadanti"ti pucchi. Ganduppade ayyati. Etehi katapapam kassa hotiti. Tumhakam ayyati. So cintesi "sace etehi katapapam mayham hoti, kim me karissati sattaasitikotidhanam dvadasayojanakammanto kim karissati, kim yantabaddhani talakani, kim cuddasa gamani, sabbametam bhaddaya kapilaniya niyyatetva nikkhamma pabbajissami"ti. Bhadda kapilani tasmim khane antaravatthusmim tayo tilakumbhe pattharitva dhatihi parivuta nisinna kake tilapanake khadamane disva "amma kim ime khadanti"ti pucchi. Panake ayyeti. Akusalam kassa hotiti. Tumhakam ayyeti. @Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. ito etto ca. 2 i., Ma. divapi hasitamattam nakamsu.

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Sa cintesi "mayham catuhattham vattham nalikodanamattanca laddhum vattati, yadi panetam etehi katam akusalam mayham hoti, bhavasahassenapi vattato sisam ukkhipitum na sakka, ayyaputte agatamatteyeva sabbam tassa niyyatetva nikkhamma pabbajissami"ti. Manavo agantva nhatva pasadam aruyha maharahe pallanke nisidi, athassa cakkavattino anucchavikabhojanam upanayimsu. Dvepi bhunjitva parijane nikkhante rahogata phasukatthane nisidimsu. Tato manavo bhaddam aha "bhadde imam gharam agacchanti kittakam dhanamaharasi"ti. Pancapannasa sakatasahassani ayyati. Sabbam tam, ya ca imasmim ghare sattasiti kotiyo yantabaddhani satthi talakaniti evamadibheda sampatti atthi, tam sabbam tuyheva niyyatemiti. Tumhe pana kuhim gacchatha ayyati. Aham pabbajissamiti. Ayya ahampi tumhakam agamanam olokayamana nisinna, ahampi pabbajissamiti. Tesam adittapannakuti viya tayo bhava upatthahanti. Te "pabbajissama"ti vatva antarapanato kasayarasapitani civarani mattikapatte ca aharapetva annamannam kese oharetva "ye loke arahanto atthi, te uddissa amhakam pabbajja"ti pabbajitva thavikasu patte pakkhipitva amse laggetva pasadato otarimsu. Gehe dasesu ca kammakaresu ca na koci sanjani. Atha ne brahmanagamato nikkhamitva dasagamadvarena gacchante akappakuttavasena dasagamavasino sanjanimsu. Te rodanta padesu patitva "kim amhe anathe karotha ayya"ti ahamsu "mayam `bhane tayo bhava adittapannasala viya'ti pabbajimha, sace tumhesu ekekam bhujissam karoma, vassasatampi nappahoti. Tumheva tumhakam sisam dhovitva bhujissa hutva jivatha"ti vatva tesam rodantanamyeva pakkamimsu. Thero purato gacchanto nivattitva olokento cintesi "ayam bhadda kapilani sakalajambudipagghanika itthi mayham pacchato agacchati, thanam kho panetam vijjati, yam kocideva evam cinteyya `ime pabbajitapi vina bhavitum na

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Sakkonti, ananucchavikam karonti'ti. Evam koci papakena manasa padusetva apayapurako bhaveyya, imam pahaya maya gantum vattati"ti cittam uppadetva purato gacchanto dvedhapatham disva tassa matthake atthasi. Bhaddapi agantva vanditva atthasi. Atha nam aha "bhadde tadisim itthim mama pacchato agacchantim disva `ime pabbajitapi vina bhavitum na sakkonti'ti amhesu padutthacitto mahajano apayapurako bhaveyya, imasmim dvedhapathe tvam ekam ganha, aham ekena gamissami"ti. "ama ayya matugamo pabbajitanam palibodho `pabbajitapi vina na bhavanti'ti amhakam dosam dasseyyun"ti tikkhattum padakkhinam katva catusu thanesu pancapatitthitena vanditva dasanakhasamodhanasamujjalam anjalim paggayha "satasahassakappapamane addhane kato mittasanthavo ajja bhijjati, tumheva dakkhina nama, tumhakam dakkhinamaggo vattati, mayam matugama nama vamajatika, amhakam vamamaggo vattati"ti vanditva maggam patipajji. Tesam dvedhabhutakale ayam mahapathavi "aham cakkavalasinerupabbatadayo dharetum sakkontipi tumhakam gune dharetum na sakkomi"ti vadanti viya viravamana akampittha. Akase asanisaddo viya pavatti, cakkavalapabbato unnadi. Sammasambuddhopi veluvanamahavihare kutiyam nisinno pathavikampanasaddam sutva "kissa nu kho pathavi kampati"ti avajjento "pipphalimanavo ca bhadda ca kapilani mam uddissa appameyyam sampattim pahaya pabbajita, tesam viyogatthane ubhinnam gunabalena ayam pathavikampo jato, mayapi etesam sangaham katum vattati"ti gandhakutito nikkhamma sayameva pattacivaramadaya asitimahatheresu kanci anapuccha tigavutamaggam paccuggamanam katva rajagahassa ca nalandaya ca antare bahuputtanigrodhamule pallankam abhujitva nisidi. Nisinno pana annatarapamsukuliko viya anisiditva buddhavesam gahetva asitihattha buddharamsiyo vissajjento nisidi. Iti tasmim khane pannacchattasakatacakkakutagaradippamana buddharamsiyo ito cito ca vippharantiyo

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Vidhavantiyo candasahassasuriyasahassauggamanakalam viya 1- kurumana tam vanantaram ekobhasam akamsu. Dvattimsamahapurisalakkhanasiriya samujjalataraganena viya gaganam, supupphitakamalakuvalayena viya salilam vanantaram virocittha. Nigrodharukkhassa khandho pakatiya seto hoti, pattani nilani pakkani rattani. Tasmim pana divase sabbo nigrodho suvannavannova ahosi. Mahakassapatthero tam disva "ayam amhakam sattha bhavissati, imam aham uddissa pabbajito"ti ditthatthanato patthaya onato gantva tisu thanesu vanditva "sattha me bhante bhagava, savakohamasmi, sattha me bhante bhagava, savakohamasmi"ti 2- aha. Atha nam bhagava aha "kassapa sace tvam imam nipaccakaram mahapathaviya kareyyasi, sapi dharetum na sakkuneyya, tathagatassa pana evam gunamahantatam janata taya kato nipaccakaro mayham lomampi caletum na sakkoti, nisida kassapa, dayajjam te dassami"ti. Athassa bhagava tihi ovadehi upasampadam adasi. Datva ca bahuputtanigrodhamulato nikkhamitva theram pacchasamanam katva maggam patipajji. Satthu sariram dvattimsamahapurisalakkhanavicittam, mahakassapassa sattamahapurisalakkhanapatimanditam, so kancananavaya pacchabaddho viya satthu padanupadikam anugacchi. Sattha thokam maggam gantva magga okkamma annatarasmim rukkhamule nisajjakaram dassesi. Thero "sattha nisiditukamo"ti natva attano patapilotikam sanghatim catuggunam katva pannapesi. Sattha tattha nisiditva hatthena civaram parimajjanto "muduka kho tyayam kassapa patapilotika sanghati"ti 3- aha. So "sattha me sanghatiya mudubhavam kathesi, parupitukamo bhavissati"ti natva "parupatu bhante bhagava sanghatin"ti aha. Kim tvam parupissasi kassapati. Tumhakam nivasanam labhanto parupissami bhanteti. Kim pana tvam kassapa imam paribhogajinnam pamsukulam dharetum sakkhissasi, maya hi imassa pamsukulassa gahitadivase udakapariyantam katva mahapathavi kampi, imam buddhaparibhogajinnacivaram nama na sakka parittagunena dharetum, @Footnote: 1 Ma.... kalo viYu. 2 sam. ni. 16/154/210. 3 sam. ni. 16/154/211.

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Patibalenevidam patipatti puranasamatthena jatipamsukulikena dharetum vattati"ti vatva therena saddhim civaram parivattesi. Evam civaram parivattetva therassa civaram bhagava parupi, satthu civaram thero. Tasmim khane acetanapi ayam mahapathavi "dukkaram bhante akattha, attano parutacivaram savakena parivattitapubbam nama nahosi, aham tumhakam gunam dharetum na sakkomi"ti vadanti viya udakapariyantam katva kampi. Theropi "laddham me buddhanam paribhogacivaram, kim me idani uttari kattabban"ti unnatim akatva satthu santikeyeva terasa dhutagune samadaya sattadivasamattam puthujjano ahosi. Atthame divase saha patisambhidahi arahattam papuni. Atha nam sattha "kassapo bhikkhave candupamo kulani upasankamati, apakasseva kayam apakassa cittam niccanavako kulesu appagabbho"ti 1- evamadina pasamsitva aparabhage ariyaganamajjhe nisinno "etadaggam bhikkhave mama savakanam bhikkhunam dhutavadanam yadidam mahakassapo"ti 2- dhutavadanam aggatthane thapesi. [398] Evam bhagavata etadaggatthane thapito ayasma mahakassapo mahasavakabhavam patto attano pubbakammam saritva somanassavasena buddhacaritapadanam pakasento padumuttarassa bhagavatotiadimaha. Tattha padumuttarassati tassa kira bhagavato matukucchito nikkhantakalato patthaya padanam nikkhepanasamaye akkantakkantapade satasahassapatta paduma pathavim bhinditva utthahimsu, tasmassa tam namam ahosi. Sakalasattanikayesu ekekena satasatapunne 3- kate tassa punnassa satagunapunnanam 4- katatta bhagavatoti attho. Lokajetthassa tadinoti sattalokassa padhanabhutassa itthanitthesu akampiyabhavam pattatta tadino. Nibbute lokanathamhiti sattalokassa patisaranabhute bhagavati khandhaparinibbanena parinibbute, adassanam gateti attho. Pujam kubbanti satthunoti sadevakassa lokassa sasanato "sattha"ti laddhanamassa bhagavato sadhukilam kilanta pujam karontiti sambandho. @Footnote: 1 sam. ni. 16/146/190. 2 an. ekaka. 20/191/23. 3 Ma. ekena satapunne. @ 4 Ma. satadvigunapunnanam.

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[399] Aggim cinanti 1- janatati janasamuha alahanatthaya aggim cinanta rasim karonta a samantato modita 2- santuttha pakarena modita santuttha pujam karontiti sambandho. Tesu samvegajatesuti tesu janasamuhesu samvegappattesu utrasam labhantesu me mayham piti haso udapajjatha patubhaviti attho. [400] Natimitte samanetvati mama bandhusahaye samanetva rasim katva. Mahaviro bhagava parinibbuto adassanam agamasiti idam vacanam abravim kathesinti sambandho. Handa pujam karomaseti handati vossaggatthe 3- nipato, tena karanena mayam sabbe samagata pujam karomati attho seti nipato. [401] Sadhuti te patissutvati te mama natimitta sadhu iti sunadaram bhaddakam iti patisunitva mama vacanam sampaticchitva me mayham bhiyyo atirekam hasam piti janimsu uppadesunti attho. (4)- Tato attano katapunnasancayam dassento buddhasmim lokanathamhitiadimaha. 5- [402] Satahattham uggatam ubbiddham diyaddhahatthasatam vitthatam vimanam nabhasi akase uggatam agghiyam sukatam sundarakarena katam katva karetva ca punnasancayam punnarasim kahasim akasinti sambandho. [403] Katvana agghiyam tatthati tasmim cetiyapujanatthane talapantihi talapalihi cittitam sobhitam agghiyam katvana karetva ca sakam cittam attano cittam pasadetva cetiyam pujayuttamanti uttamam buddhadhatunidhapitam cetiyam pujayinti sambandho. [404] Tassa cetiyassa mahimam 6- dassento aggikkhandhovatiadimaha. Tattha aggikkhandhovati akase jalamano aggikkhandhova aggirasi iva tam cetiyam sattahi ratanehi jalati phullito vikasitapuppho salarukkharaja iva @Footnote: 1 pali. udaggacitta. 2 Si.,i. amoditapamodita. 3 Si., Ma. vavassaggatthe. @4 () cha.Ma. 402. 5 pali. lokanathasmim. 6 Ma. patimam.

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Akase indalatthiva indadhanu iva ca catuddisa catusu disasu obhasati vijjotatiti sambandho. [405] Tattha cittam pasadetvati tasmim jotamanadhatugabbhamhi cittam manam pasadetva somanassam katva tena cittappasadena bahum anekappakaram kusalam punnam katvana "dhatugabbhe ca sasane ca ettakani punnani maya katani"ti evam punnakammam saritvana kalam katva tidasam tavatimsabhavanam suttappabuddho viya aham upapajjim 1- jatoti sambandho. [406] Attano uppannadevaloke laddhasampattim dassento sahassayuttantiadimaha. Tattha hayavahim sindhavasahassayojitam dibbaratham adhitthito. Sattahi bhumihi sam sutthu uggatam ubbiddham uccam mayham bhavanam vimanam ahositi attho. [407] Tasmim vimane sabbasovannamaya 2- sakalasovannamayani kutagarasahassani ahum ahesunti attho. Sakatejena attano anubhavena sabba dasa disa pabhasayam obhasentani jalanti vijjotantiti sambandho. [408] Tasmim mayham patubhutavimane annepi niyyuha pamukhasalayo santi vijjanti. Kim bhuta? lohitangamaya rattamanimaya tada tepi niyyuha catasso disa abhaya pabhaya jotantiti sambandho. [410] Sabbe deve sakalachadevaloke deve abhibhomi abhibhavami. Kassa phalanti ce? maya katassa punnakammassa idam phalanti attho. [411] Tato manussasampattim dassento satthikappasahassamhitiadimaha. Tattha ito kappato hettha satthisahassakappamatthake caturanto catumahadipavanto vijitavi sabbam paccatthikam vijitavanto aham ubbiddho 3- nama cakkavatti raja hutva pathavim avasim rajjam karesinti sambandho. @Footnote: 1 pali. upapajjaham. 2 pali. sabbasonnamaya. 3 Si., i. utthiyo.

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[412-3] Tatheva bhaddake kappeti pancabuddhapatimanditatta bhaddake nama kappe. Timsakkhattum timsajatiya catudipamhi issaro padhano cakkaratanadihi sattahi ratanehi sampanno samangibhuto sakakammabhiraddho attano kamme dasa rajadhamme abhiraddho allino cakkavatti raja amhi ahosinti sambandho. Attano cakkavattikale anubhutasampattim dassento "tatthapi bhavanam mayhan"tiadimaha. Tattha tasmim cakkavattirajjamhi mayham bhavanam mama pasadam indalatthiva uggatam akase thitavijjotamana vijjullata iva uggatam sattabhumikadibhedehi uccam ayamato dighato ca uccato ca catuvisatiyojanam vittharato dvadasayojanam ahositi sambandho. Sabbesam jananam manam allinabhavena rammanam nama nagaram ahositi attho. Dalhehi dvadasahatthehi va timsahatthehi va uccehi pakaratoranehi sampannanti dasseti. [415-20] Tadaddhakam tato addhakam addhatiyasatayojananti attho. Pakkhitta pannavisatiti visatiapanapakkhittam nirantaram vithiparicchedanti attho. Brahmannakulasambhutoti brahmanakule sujato. Sesam vuttanayatta suvinneyyamevati. Mahakassapattherapadanavannana nitthita. ------------------


             The Pali Atthakatha in Roman Book 49 page 303-322. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=49&A=7562&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1              อรรถกถาบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=49&A=7562&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1              อ่านอรรถกถาแปลไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=32&i=5              เนื้อความพระไตรปิฎกฉบับหลวง :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=32&A=718              พระไตรปิฎกฉบับบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=32&A=998              The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=32&A=998              Contents of The Tipitaka Volume 32 http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_32

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