͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (õڶ.)

                        . ҷԵڵصڵdzڳ
     []  ʵ Ҥ  Է ҵ ͡ ⻡ڢóջ
͵ڶ ջ, ʹ ˵ڶԡʷ ԯڰԻ⳻, µڶ ԡڢʻ
͡ ˵,  ڶ õ. ൹ صڵ "". ԡڢ
յ  ʻڻ¸ʹ ԨԹԵ  յ .
      ͹ػؾھԡ:-   ҹ  Թ 
Ҫ .  યڰص  - ,  Ե کԡʵ,
Իҡ  ⾸ڱ  ʾھڭص Ԫڬ. í ԯڰص
 ͤڤ , Եص ص. Ҫ Թ "
યڰص ԡڢԵ ط , ԯڰص ͤڤ, Եص
ص".  "ҡ ط, ҡ , ҡ "
 õ ÷⡯ڰ  ͵ڵ ÷ 
@ԧö:  .. 
Եڵԡدԡ - ԡڢԻԵ ڶ dzڳáԵ-
ԵڸҷԵҹ ڸ໵ ˯ڰ êdzڳ
ԡ ʹڶԵ ػڼҹ ԡ໵ ൹ ह 
Ҥ .
     ʵڶ    ػԵ ͹ҳ ʷڸ ԡڢহ
Ҫ Ҥک, ڵԨ ͹ҳ ک. ⡨ کԡڢڵڻ
ҵ   .  Ҥ تڬ "ط  ػڻ,   
حڭҹ ҵ  . ¶  ڷ ʾ š ùڵ, 
طڸ  ʾ Եڶ ػڻڪڵ,   Ҫ ʾ
حڭਵ - ͵ڵ ͹ ʵ".
       í ͭ  صڵ ͵ڶ, Ҥ  ʷڸ ͡
ص ڵ "Ҫ ʷڸ ͯ  ڶ, ͡ ػ ".
 ڨ  دڰ໵ "Ի  ˯" ʹ ໵
í è. Ҫ ص ໵ "ҵ  , ک
 ٻ" . صڵ    ԻڻԵ - 
ʹڵԡ Ҥ.  ͹  ʵ - "ٻԵ "
Ҥڵ Ҫҹ ǹڷԵ ͯڰ.
     Ҫ د "ҵ   " .  ͸ʵ ڵ
Ҥ ʷڸ ڵ "íڭ ҡ  Թ,  ".
»صڵ ҡ ˵ڶҷ  , طڸõ  , 
ʾھ ػڻڪ, ҡ યڰҵԡ ʾطڸ Ԫڤ
@ԧö:  . ءԯԡ, . ءڰ         . حڭࢵڵ
@ . ԻڻԵ                  ..  ʵ
˶ҵ.  " " Ҥҹ سԵ ء
ҵҹԵڵ - í ʹڵԡ ڵ "   ෶" Ҩ. 
ʶ ҵҵ.  ҡ ˵ڶҷ ͵ ڶ, યڰҵԡ
 ʾطڸ - Ԫڤ ෶ҵ. "   ʡڡ  ๹
ҵع"   Է. - "    šڡù 
һԵ,  ͵ڵ ب د Թ,   Ҫ 
 ǯگڵ" ʨڨҷԵ . -
     Ҫ ԹǵڵԵ   "ҵ ʵڵ Ǩک ʵڵ  ʵڵ 
 ػڰԵ ҡ " . عڷ  ү ෶ҵ.
 ү ҵҵ. ͵ڵ  óү ෶ҵ. ҵ
صڵү ໶,  ʡڡ  ү ҵ , Գ ǾԹڷʷ
ʵڵҹ Եڵ.    ү ෶,  ͹ڵ   
ҵ. ൹ ҵ  Ǩکҹ ෶ҵ.  ʡڡ ҵ. ൹
ڨ, ڵ, ճ, , ͡ Ǩک ෶. ʵڵ,   ෶ 
ʱڲڵ ෶ҵ.  ʡڡ ҵ. ൹ ڵ ෶ҵ. Ҹ
ҵ ʵڵ  ڻԨک. Ҫ ʵڵ Ǩک ʵڵ  ʵڵ
 ڵھʡڡ ʵڵ  ͡.
      صڵҹ ʹڰҹ ʵڶ ʵ  ͯڰԵڶ ڤ
ŧڡ, ڬڰ ڻҳ  ˵ڶ ڷ໵
Գڱʷ  ԡ ʹڶ໵ ػڼԡԳڳ ͡, ڶ ڶ
  سڳ  ໵ ҡ ءڢԻ.   ⻡ڢó
, ͻ   ڸһػһ .
@ԧö:  .. عҵ Եڵ   .. ʾطڸ   .,.  ೻ 
@ . ǯگڵ,  ʨڨҷԵ ҵ ,
@. ǯگյ ʨڨҷԵ 
ڬڰ Եڶ ŧڡڤ    
Եڶ ҳءگ ໵ ڱջԡ . Ҫصڵһ
͵ڵ ҳһǵڵԯڰ ڤ  ŧڡ .
     Ҫ ͵ڵ ҳһǵڵԯڰҹ ࡷ ڵ ʵڶ ǹڷԵ
 "ҵ  ڢԳڢ ػڻ௵ ˹ڵ  ک. 
Ե   طڸҹ ͹بکԡ Ҷ,  ʳڱ 
ڵ ԨԵڶ" .  "ҹ  " ʵڶ ˵ 
 õ ʵڶ ൵ ڶ ʵڶ Ԫڤڵ Ź ,
Ź ڬ, Ź ǡ ԯڰڵ. ҹ ػԡڢҹҹ -
Գڳڻ ҹ - ͡ʷ .  ػڰ ٻԡ Թڵ
"   ʵڶ ͪڬ ". Ͷ  ͵ "طڸ 
  ʤ,  ԯڰҹ -  ʵڶ ͪڬ ˵ 
ʡڢ" ҹԸ  ໵ "ҵ Թ ù
Ҥڵҷҷչ ڻ෹ڵ ҹ ǵ൶" ǵ ҹԷ˹⾸
Թڷ.
     Ͷ  યڰҵ ڨ  ҷ  ԯڰ 
ҹ ͨک෵ ڻ ط حڪ  . ڬ
, ԯ   ʷڸ  Իڪ.  Ǫ ʵڶ
ػڰ. ʵڶ  ʹڵ ԹԾھ.
     ൻ    ڰ ҹصԡ š š, š
 š ùڵ ҡ ʵڶ  š Ե 
@ԧö:  . ػԡڢҹ, . ػԡڢ    . ҹ ҹ    . ԯڰ
Ծھڵ.  ҹ  -  ͧڤҹ Ҫ ھ
ص Ծھڵ.   í ï š Ծھڵ.
યڰҵ ય , ڬԯڰ ڬԯڰ.  » 
,   ҵ.  رڲ »  
 ҷ ԡڢԵ һ ص  յ .
ͧڤ    ʡڡ ùڵ.
     Ͷ ҡ ⾸ʵ Թԡڢ ͹ػؾྐྵ ʾھڭص 
ǵڵԵø ҷ Żص ๵ ʯڰ ˹
ʹڶ  વ  ڵҷ "  ҵ
" ڵ  ү  ԯڰ ԹڷԵ 
ھ.   Էڸ»ڵø  ҷ  ڵ
Ի շԵ "     ʻڻ" Թ൹
" ҵ ͤڤ Ԩùڵ,  ҷµҹ ҷԵڵҹ ڻڪԵҹ
  ,   ˵ڵ һسԵ  ʡڢʹڵ"
ʹڹԯڰҹ. Ͷ    ʵ   ҷԵڵ .
൹ صڵ "ԡڢ յ  ʻڻ¸ʹ ԨԹԵ  յ
". ڶ ҷԵڵڵ Եڵ ڻڪԵ.  صڵ. Ե
 ص ءڢšڢ Ե.



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=13&A=140&modeTY=2 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=13&A=140&modeTY=2 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=18&i=31 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=18&A=378 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=18&A=445 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=18&A=445 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_18

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com