͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (ڶ.)

                         . عڷصڵdzڳ
    [] ͯڰ ʡڡ⵵ҷչ ҹ ͵ ˯ڰ dzڳ.
ҹҵ  ҹ, ¹ڵҵ ͵. ԡڢ  ʡڡ
ҹҵ ھ.
    عڷյ  .     ʾھԾھҪԡ ٻ
ʹ ҷԡ  dzڳ⻡ڢõ ڹҤ,  
"عڷ" ڭԵڶ.   ͹յ¾ھ ʭڭҨ ˵,
  عڷջԾھҪԡ һ  .   ͭڭԵڶ
طڸػڻҷ ڰ  ˵ʡڡ ˯ڰ ͡صڵdzڳ
Ҥ¹  ԡڢ   ͻԵ ʡڡ ǵڵҹ
 һ ͡ ص ڵ:-   ⤵
ػڻڹ ڰ ڰ ˵ʡڡ,   ⡨ ͵ڶڻ
ҹҵ,       ⤵ Իڻʹ 
ʡڡҹ ػ๵յ?   "بڨҡŻڻ Թڹ
ڻdz ", ͻ "Ԫҵ  ๡ҹ ͨکҹ
ҵٵҹ", ͭ " ǹڷ໵  ػյ ҷ ǵڵԵ
  ԯڰԵ", ͻ "ǻڻڤš ھبک һԵ
յԡڡൻ ڬ ھبک ͻǵڵԵ Ե". ͭ "
ʹ ҷ ٻڻڵ", ͻ "ԳڳҵھԵʧڢҵԵ
 Ǥ ҤԹ ڡǵڵêڪ  ھ"
 ͻҳ ٵ ͹ڭҸó  حڭҳ
ءڡʻԻڻڵ ػ ŢڻԻ ͹صڵíڨ
ҳҹڻҷԾطڸҹ ͪҹڵ ͵ڵ ¶ҷԯڰ ¶ص ҹ  
 ҹó Ե൵ ;ҹó Ե ͻʹڵ "ࡹ 
 ೹   ⤵  ػڻ෵ ʡڡ
".   ԢԳڵ -  "  ʵڵ
ҵؤ ʵڵʵڵ  ڶ, ­ڨ  ⤵  
, ͵ڵ ٻ ҵؤ Ե ʪ. Ͷһ  ʪ,
  ʧڡ , ˹ڷ  عڷջԾھҪԡ  ,
¶  ⤵ ⤵   ڶ".
     ص Ե "Է دڰ  ԹڵԵ,    
⤵ ࡹ ػڷ  ءڢԻԵ  ʡ⡹ ¹  ൹ 
ʵ" ʾ ͡ڬ ص  વ  عڷ ʹڵԡ
@ԧö:  . ԢԳ
ͤ.    "  ͡ Ҥڶ" . Եڶ
͹Żڵ ¹ Ԩکڹڰ շ.  ڶ ڵ
عڻع Żڵ Ǩ Ե  ҡ ͻêڬ,  
Ǩ  ෶ҵ.      ˰ ͪڬ໡ڢյ,
  వյ. "    ,  ⤵ 
వ ˵ʡڡ  Ԩùڵ" ǵ "ڶ  
ҵھ" ص "൹  ԡڢ વǹջ ڵ Ҫ
ǭڨ " . һ "Ҹ" ڻԨک. ൹ صڵ "ͭڭԵڶ
ԾھҪ  ʡڡ ҹ"ҷ.
    ڶ յ ʡ. ͵ڶڵ Ե Ԩڨ . ˹ڵ  .
  Եڶ  ͭڭҵһ ҹ ھڪھڸ൹
ʧڤԵ  ҵ  ص "  Թ ҵչ ͵ڶ ҵع"
.  һ Ԥ    Ťڤ Եڻ  Ԩڨڵ
ҵչ ͵ڶҵ .
    ൹յ "  `Եڻ  ҡ ͵ڶ Ԩڨڵ'
Ƿ, ǭڨ  Ե ٻ ڤڻڵ ,  ¶ 
  ⤵  ػڻڪʵ,  " ǵ
"ԡڢ વǹ ک"  . һ   ڵڵ
ػڼԡ Եء , Թڹ ڱ˵ڶ ʳڱ ʹڵ
, ௹ ڨ  ˹ڵ  Եڶҹ Ǩ ڻԨکԵ
ҤڸŻھآҷչ ˵ Ҫ ʵڶ ʹ
ص  ʹ વǹآ کڵ " ک"  دڰ
" ⤵ ʹڵԡ,   ൹ ʷڸ ͡ڸد "
ǵ ͭڭ Եڶ Ե  વǹڤ ͵Ե
آ Ҥکڵ " عڷ  "  دڰ "೹ ⤵
ʷڸ ͡ڸد Ե  õ ໵ Ҥ" Ƿ.
൹ صڵ " ҵ  عڷ ԾھҪԡ  ͭڭԵڶҹ
ԾھҪҹ ص ԡڢ વǹ ͤ".
   Եڶ Ի ͨڨ¹ صڵҹ һ  "ک, عڷ
õ  ⤵ ڸد Է ҡùڵ ԡڢԻԵ
Ͷ" Ƿ.   ͡.  Եڶ "عڷ  "
  í ਵ "ڶ   ʧڡ" íڭ
صڵ   ʵ, ڶ ǵڵ  ҹҵ. "൹ ک,
 ڶ ԨԹ" íڭ ͹حڭҵ ͵ڵ ػڰ ˵ વǹ
ڵ ԨԹڵ  ص ҡ Ե   ڨ
໵ " ⤵ ǡ `ʵڶ  һ Ԩک'
عڷ õ ҡùڵ ԡڢԻ" í  .
Ҫһ ͹ػԡڢԵ "൹ ک,  Գڱ" . 
ն "ʶ ҹ ʡ»صڵҹ "ҷչ Ƿڵ ԨԵ
ع í ʹ ͤ. Ҫ عڷ   ͯگ
໵ áڢ. ǵڶ ໵  ¹ "ʶ
ҹ ʡ»صڵҹ "ҷչ ǵ ͹⵹ Թ  ԡڢ
͡ʹڵ Ԩ. ൹ صڵ "·  ͭڭ ͭڭԵڶ - ԾھҪ
`Ƿԯڰ  عڷ'"ҷ.
@ԧö:  .. Եڶ
    ڶ ͭڭٵ ҹ. Ƿԯڰҵ »ԯڰ, વǹ Ҥکڵ 
کڵ   ԯڰ,  ԯڰҵ ͵. ԡڢҡ໵
զԡ.   Ҫ عڷյ Ҫ    
ٻعڷõ "عڷ" ҡ ԭڭҵ ԾھҪԡ.   
ʵյ  ҡ ڢ  Ե   Եھ, Էҹ  ʵ.
¶ҹԡڢԵڵڵ  ҳ໵ ҡùڵ ͵ڵ ¶ҰԵ.
"¶ҹԢҵ"Ի ,  Ԣҵڻùڵ ͵.
    ö ö¹ڵ ն ն. նյ  ԹԪڬèک. ԧڦүڵ
⡳èک. Ūڪ⹵  Ūڪ, һԤبکԵҵ - ͵. ҵ
. һҵ  չҨ. ҷ⹵ 
ҹ "ǹ ¹" ԡҷԵ ҷ. ;⹵
"عԵ ʯڰ   " ̹ڵ Ƿڵ.
⹵ Ÿ. ⹵ ¡ҷ. ҳҵ
عڷ, Ԫҹʹڵ ҵ ھ. ʷڷह  ͵ڶ
Ԫҹʹڵյ ͹ҤǨ. ڭڵ  Եһ.
ڭڵ ʯڰ Եһ. ⵵ ࡹ ೹. ͻҵ
໵ ڰ. ʡԨڨڵ عǹ ʹڸ Ƿڵ.
    Ͷ ԡڢ  ǵڵ   . ʵڶ  "൹ ԡڢ ˻
   Ҷ ෶" ǵ "ٵҷ" Ҷ. 
ʹڸ صڵ "Ͷ  ھ  չ ت õڶҵ 
 ԡڢ ʷ  ʵյ Է ʵڶ   Իڼڵ
ʾھڭص೹ ҹԵ ԡڢ ʹ .
@ԧö:  . һ ͪԤبکڵҵ
    Ҷ ٵҷյ   ͷ ҷ  ൹
͵੹  ;Ҩԡڢ.  һ ҵ    һ
 " ͵ " . ໨ڨ  ǹڵյ    
š ڵ ٻ๹   ǹڵ.   
ԨکԹڹ,   ͻԨکԹڹ. - ء  һ    ,
Եڵ  ͻڻڵ  .    Թڹڻ
 , ൹ صڵ չ ت õڶҵ. "õڶ" 
  "໨ڨ" ෹ ھ, ໨ڨ õڶ  ڵ 
չ   ǹڵյ ͵.
    һسԵҵ ؤڤ˵. ͡áҵ ͻҸ  á. 
ڵ    :-   ʡ»صڵ ͷڸ 
һ  ,  ͭڭԵڶ ؤʵ ʡŹ Գڱ, 
   ʾ  Ҩ ;Ҩԡڢػ  ԭڨ
ԡ ʹڵ, ڵèڨڨ  Ԫ˹ڵ, ڻ "ٵҷ 
໵"  Ƿڵ ʻڵ,   ʡ»صڵ 
͹ػõ ;Ҩԡڢ ʻڵ, ʻ ùڵ  - Ƿڵյ. Ͷ 
" һ  ` ' " Ƿڵ ʻڵ, ͵ڵ ͡á
ี  ҡ ʻ ùڵ  ͵.
      ҹ ǵ ԵҶ ǹڹ
طڸҹǹ êڪ ͡ڡ,  ػڻڪ "Է  ڨڢ
ԯڰ, ص  һ ˵, ͭڭһ ˵,   ͭڭԵڶ
@ԧö:  ..   ͻԨکԹڹ   .,. һ ෹ڵ
 ͹ڶ Ե,   ʷڸ Է  ǵڵھ,
تڪҹ  ".   ڰ  .
    Ҫһ  عڷ Ե,  ҹڶ  ҳ. Ͷ
 صڵ  һ  ǹڵ ͭڭڭ  . 
  ͡  " عڷ ͡ڻù õ ҡùڵ
ԻԵ  ŷڸһ  , ˵ ˵". Ҫ  ص
 ص ˵ í  . Ҫ "  Ե"  ص
بک.  ҵ.  һԵҵ. ͭڭԵڶ ҵ. Ҫ Եڶ
໵ ڶ Ԫҹ໵ " عڷ   dzڳ
໵ء  һԵ,  ⤵,  ⤵ǡҹ 
͵ڶ, ҡ ʵ  Ƿڵ  Գڱ" ҳ. 
 ͡. Ҫ  ʷڷ. Եڶҹ ԡڡ ͡, Եڶ
Ǹڱ һس.  ڰ طڸ ԡڢ  
ڵ ʡڡ  . ԡڢ ͨک¾صԵڵҵ - ǹڵ
෵ ͵ڵ  . - ൹ صڵ "Ͷ  ھ ԡڢ 
͹ڵ   ʷ".
       "Եڶҹ Է " ԡڢٹ  ҹ
 è๹ ª ڶ, ضتڪ  "  ʷڷ ,  
զõڵ Ե ءڢ ǵ" . ͻਵ طڸҹ ͹ҨԳڳ,
 ͹Ҥ շ ǵڶ Ҩԡڢ. ҹطԡ  
ʧڡʻڢ ǵ, ڨ ⵡ  ʡڡ ǵ൵عڵ ;ڢҹ
ڹԵڵڨ  ͪڬ໡ڢ շ. صڵ˵:-
@ԧö: - . ǹڵ ػʧڡԵ ͵ڵ յ  
               " ͹ڵ  طڷ
                 ھҹ  
                 Ԫڪ  Իڻ
                µïڰ - ب һ". -
    ͵ڶ ԷԵҵ ੷ʹһ Ū ǵڵԵ صڵǨ
ڵ ڹҤ  صڵԵԡڢ  ڶյ ڶ ʾھҡ
ԷԵ.  طҹڵ  ͸ʹڢڵԾǹ طҹ ط.
    ڶ طڵ Ҩ  ʭڭ,  ʧڤ حڪùڵ
ԡҷ ʨԻ  ǹ ʭڭ Թյ Ū 
 ʧڤ طڸ حڪ ˵ڶԹҤ ¸  Ҩʵڵ طڵ
Ԫڬڵ,    . صҹ ҡ  طԵ, ͸
ԡڢ ͷدڰԵ⵵ ڻ  Ū طԵ Ե گʹ
ǵڵԵ  ҡ Ǩ ٵ ٵ Ծహ  ٻҷ -
͹ù ʡڻ ͷدڰԵ ص " "  
ԡڢ ԡڢ ͸, ͸ʹڢڵ  ҵ ͵.
    ͵ڶ:- ڻ  ,  ͻҳ ʡڡڨ ػԵԻŻحڭ
ʵڶ  س ٵڢҹ һسյ بڨ:-   
⾸ʵڵ ͵յҵ ع  ص ص һ ¹ԡþ
Ԩõ.  ͡   ਡھطڸ  Գڱ
Ե   ػڵ . ԭڨ  ͭڭ Եڶ  Էù
ک. ص ";  " ;Ҩԡڢ.  ൹ 
@ԧö:  .. µڶڰ   .. //   .. //
ٹ ʵҹ  Ե   Իҡʹ Էҹ
ط صһ عڷ ó ٵڢҹ һس. ¶ ਵ, 
ԭڨҳԡҷչ ԡáԵڶչ  ;ڢҹҷչ ءڢҹ ڵҹ,
ʾھҹ ؾ   Իҡҹ, ҹ "ҹ ŵԡҹ" -
بڨڵ. صڵ˵ ͻ - :-
               "⹵ڵʹ          ҵ
                ҹõ         ҹҤڸǹڵ.
                ˵ ԡڢহ           - š
                 ҡ ڶ       ؾھҹ ͵ڵ.
                سҶ ԡڢ            
                ŵԡ          طڸൻ Իڨ.
        #[]    ع  ص        ؾ ͭڭ ҵ
                ਡطڸ           ;Ҩԡڢ ͷʡ.
                ൹ Իࡹ           
                 ҹ           ءڢ  Ƿ.
                ൹ ʹ        Ը ک 
                ;ڢҹ  ŷڸ       عڷԡ ó.
        #[]    ʾھ - طڸ       
                 ;ڢ          Ե .
                 ҹ            
                 - ŷڸ      ;ڢҹ   .
@ԧö:  .. "ŵԡҹ".   .ͻ. / ҷ/
@ .,.    . ʾھ   . 
                ൹ ʹ        ԭڨҳԡ 
                ;Ҩԡڢ ൹          ͤڤ. -
        #[]     ص        ʡڡ٪
                 ڨ           ҳ.
                ڶҤ          ڨԭ Էڸ
                ڨ Ҥ        ;Ҩԡڢ ͷʡ.
                 Ǩ            
                ڻ ҹ        ͹ ҳ.
                 ҳǡ ʾ       ԡڢҹ  
                Ҫ             .
                ൹ Իࡹ         ڨ ԡڢʵ 
                ;ڢҹ   ʾ       عڷԡ ó.
        #[]    ҵҵԡ ؾ        ˵ ˹ 
                ڢԻ Էؤڤ            ͻ.
                ൹ Իࡹ         Ƿ  Ի
                ͧڤدڰ           ҳʡڢ.
        #[]      ص         һ
                ਡطڸ ҹ         ʡԡ Ի. -
                ൹ Իࡹ         Ը ک 
                Ǹڶ -  Ƿ      ª.
@ԧö:  . ໡ڢ   .    .,. ͷدڰ
        #[]    ˵ڶ        ਡعصڵ
                Գڱ Ԩùڵ           હ.
                ൹ Իࡹ          Ҥ 
                Ծھ             ػҤ.
        #[]    Ҫ ڵ -     ʵڵ  ˹
                ൹ Իࡹ          ڨ .
                  ʹ       ʷҹ ʡ 
                   -        Թʵ.
        #[]     ǯگ           ǯگ
                ک ҵ        ʡ.
                ൹ Իࡹ         ʷءڢ  
                ʡ  ʾ ˭ڭ      · ˹ ԯ. -
        #[]     Ǩ          
                 ҷ حڪ            حڪ .
                ൹ Իࡹ          ҷԵ 
                ڵ ೹       íڪ  .
       #[]    Ծھط ǵڵҹ       Żصڵ ˰ -
                ൹ Ի          ԯڰԷءڢ  .
       #[]    ԡԨک           ʯڰԻصڵ è
                ൹ Իࡹ         ˵ ڢڷԡ  .
@ԧö:  .. ڶ   .,. Թ
@ .,. Աٱ   . طڸ ª, . Żصڵ ʸ
       #[]    Ǩ ⪵Ի          ʻ ؤ 
                  ⾸ سڱ        ⾸ .
                ൹ Իࡹ          ͨ - ءڡ  
                ھҹ           ⾸ ͻһس.
                 ൹ ह        һس ⾸صڵ
                ह          ؾھ .
                حڭһԡڢ           ʾھʹڵһǪڪ
                 ͹ػ         Ծھ.
                  ҡ         ԡڢ ͤڤ
                ʾھԭڭҾŻڻ        ⹵ڵ".
                       ͯڰصڵdzڳ ԯڰԵ.
                           -----------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=26&A=6117&modeTY=2 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=26&A=6117&modeTY=2 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=102 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=2741 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=2814 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=2814 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com