͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹѴ ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ Ե.. (ڶ.)

                         . šصڵdzڳ
      []  ⡵ تڪتڪ , ͵ڶ 
ʨڨ, Ը  ءڢ ʨڨ ǷԵھ.  ʵڵ
ʧڢ ͡⡵ Ҥ ٻ  ˯ ص. ͻԨ
ڸšҷʹ  ๡ . ¶:-

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

"⡵ ڸ ҵ µ Իڵ Իڵ ڻڵ ڻڵ, ʾ ʵڵ ïԵԡ, š ڨ ٻڨ, š Ƿ, ڵ š ڵ , ڨ š ڨػҷҹڢڸ, š ͪڬڵԡҹ µҹ, ʵڵ š ʵڵ ԭҳԵ, ͯ š ͯ š, š ʵڵ, š µҹ ҷ š ҷµҹ, ͯ š ͯ ҵ". - ๡ ⵻ ڨ ػҷҹڢ ʧڤ ó ک, ػҷҹڢڸ ءڢ ʨڨ ҵԻ ءڢ ʧڢԵ൹ ڨػҷҹڢڸһ ءڢҵ. ൹ صڵ "͵ڶ ʨڨ, Ը ءڢ ʨڨ ǷԵھ". تڪتڪ ʹ ڨ ǵյ? ʨڨ ǵ, تڪյ Ե, ˵, ͡ تڪ تڪյ ⡵ ػҷҹڢ šʷ ˵ ǷԵ. ⡵ ءڢ ʨڨ . ·Ի Ҥʷڷ ˯ Ҥص ҹҹ Եڶ ͵ , һ ͵ڶdzڳࢹ ڶ ǹ:- ھط⸵ "ԭ ԭ" ؾ صڵह ҹ¨Ҹصڵҷ ҡҷҤ ǯگڻҳʳҹҷ, " ʵ, @ԧö: .. //, .. // ()

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ب੷"ҷԹ "ڢšڢ ոҵ, ڦóšڢ ⻸ҵ"ҷԹ ԯ ೹ Իյ ͵ ¶ ¶ تڬԵ, ط , ͵ڵڨ ⵵ ھط. šҵ ¶صڵš. ص⵵ ʯ, ڻԾڸҹ ʾ ªҹ بکԹڹڵ Իڻص⵵ ͵. šطµ صڵڵ¹ , Ը¹ ʧڢ ʷڸ ±ڲ. ⹵ ⾸ ˵ڵڤ೹ ب੷ڻҹʹ ʹ . š⸵ Ծھҹ. ʨکԡ⵵ ͵ڵڨ . šøԹ Իҵ ҷԡڢڸڵʧڤ ͯڤ . šø Ծھҹ ک ͸Ԥک, ڶ Իڪµ ҵ šøԹ Իҵ بڨ. ͵ڵǵ ҹ ھط Ҷ ⵵ Ҥ⵵ ˵. ڵ ʨڨҹ ҹ . ¶:- "ڵҹ ԡڢ ҹ Եҹ ͹ҹ, ҹ ڵ, Է ءڢڵ ԡڢ , Ե, ͹" - Եڶ. ͻԨ ⵵ Ҥ, ⵵ Ҥ, ⵵ Ǥ ͵ Ի⹵ ͵. Է صڵ ˵:- ʡ š óԭ Իյ Ǥ, Ҥ൹ ھط⸵ Ҥ. šط ҹԭ ͵⵵ Ҥ. šø ʨکԡ ⵵ Ҥ. @ԧö: .. //

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

šøԹ Ի Իյ Ի⹵ Ҥ⵵. ҤǷջʹ ͵ ǷԵ. Ե ʨڨ⾸ʹ ͵ڵ Ҥ ʵ Էҹ ڶ ԯҷ⾸ʹ ʵ " ԡڢ"ҷ. ͧڤصڵͯ - " ʨ ͵ڵ طڸ ඵ"ҷ صڵ, Ҥʷڷطڸʷڷҹ ͵ڶ Թڹҹҡó ʵ صڵ. ǵڵҵ. ڶ ԯڵ ٻµ. صڵ ʷڷµ. صڵ ˵ھ ڸµ µ ⼯ھµڨ. ԭҵڵ آءڢҷԸ. ڵڵ Ե ͻԵ ڵ. Եڵ ڵ ͻڻڵ Ե. ͹ԨԵ ҵ Ե൹ ͹ʭڨԵ. ͹ԨԵ ҵ? ǡ ҵ ھڸ. ڶ յ , ǡ. ʻػ . ǡǨ๹ ਵڶ ڨǨǤڤ˳ ǷԵھ, áǨ๹ ǨǤڤ˳, ʾǨ๹ ԡҷԾڤ˳, Ǩ๹ ʹ ڨڶԡڤ˳ ԵһԵһڤ˳ڨ, Ǩ๹ ʵڵšڤ˳, Ǩ๹ صʤڤ˳, ڶ þ ʷڸ ʵڵ, ʹ ʵڵ ⵵ ǷԵ. ͻ :- ǡڤ೹ ٻǨ . áǨ๹ Ǩ, ʾǨ๹ ٻվ, @ԧö: .. //

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ҷǨ๹ ص ʵڵ . ͻਵڶ ǡǨ๹ ءڡԨ੷ ʾھš ھطڸ " ҹ Ǩ ǵڵ, ⵻ ҹǵ ͧڤ ڡ š õ, صڵڬҹһڵآ ෵. ض Էڸ Ծھڢء èԵڵԷ ҹ Ԫڪڵ, ­ڨ ʵڵԡ ͹ ͻ, ʾ ͹ ǵ ھط" Ը ǡ š"ҷ. ҳ :- "ǡ" ǵ ʷڸ š ҷµ, "á" ù ʷڸ š, "ʾ" ʷڸ š. ʾྻ ٻ ʵ ڢԻԵ ع ҷ¹ " " . ڨԻ ڸڵ»ԨکԹ ʾھʵ ҷµ. Ҥ൹ ھطڸڵ Թ Է ʵ:- ͻҳ šҵ ǡ š " յ"ҷ ٻ ڢط һҶ Ҥک, ʾھ " ʵ ٻ ڬ " Ҥ ھطڸ. ͻҳ šҵ ǡ š "ʷ طԧڤʷ"ҷ ʷڷ ʵ һҶ Ҥک, "Ť "ҷ ڸ ҹ һҶ Ҥک, " ڸ"ҷ ҷ һҶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Ҥک, "ڢ طء"ҷ ոҵ⪸ҵ¸ҵ ⼯ھ · һҶ Ҥک, " ʵ ⼯ھ Ե ڬ " ʾھ Ҥ ھطڸ. ͻҳ šҵ ǡ š آҷ ⹷ һҶ Ҥک, " ʵ ҹԵ ڬ " ʾھ Ҥ ھطڸ. ǡ š ԯ ص ص ԭҵ, Ҥ൹ ͷԯ ص ص ԭҵ ڶ. Ҫ Ե ͻڻڵڻ ͵ڶ, ͻԵ ͻڻڵڻ ͵ڶ, Ե ڵڻ ͵ڶ, ͻԵ ڵڻ ͵ڶ. ʾھڻ Ҥ ͻڻڵ ڶ ೹ ʨکԡ. ͻҳ šҵ ͻҳҹ ʵڵҹ ڢط һҶ Ҥکڵ ٻ ͵ڶ, ʾھ ʾھҡù ҹҵ ʵ. ҹ ʵ ๹ ԯҹԯҷʹ ԯصصԭ žҹʹ "ڵ ٻ ٻµ, ٻ عڹ ٵҹ ػҷ dzڳʹԷʹ ʻڻԦ յ'ҷԹ - ¹ ǻ ڪҹ ˵, Ե ڶ. ʵҷػ һҶҤک ʷڷҷ. Ҥ⵵ بڨյ ¶ ࡹ , ڵ Ҥ⵵ بڨ. "ھطڸ" صڵ, Ҥʷ෹ @ԧö: .ʧ. //-

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ҹڶ Թ ҷ Ҥ⵵ ˵. صڵ˵ ʹһԹ:- " ͷԯԸڶ ԭڨ ԭҵҹԵھ ʾھ ԭ ·ڶ Ҥ ൹ ڵڢ". - صڵൻ صڵ ǵ:- " ԡڢ ǡ š ԯ ص ص ԭҵ ڵ Ե ͹ԨԵ , ҹ, ;, Ҥ ԷԵ, Ҥ ػ". - ­ڨ ԡڢ õڵ Ҥ ͹صڵ ⾸ ھتڬյ Ңسڳõڵ Ҥҷ͵ඹ Ҥ ⾸ ͻҪԵŧ Թ Գڳ ҹ ڶ ڷԵ صڵԵ ͹صڵ ⾸ ǡڢ೹ ʷڸ ʾھصҳ ͸Ԥک. ­ڨ õڵ ͹ػҷ Ծھҹҵ ԹԾھµյ Ңسڳõڵ ҹ ػǵڵ ҹ ҹڵ ͹ػҷ Ծھҹҵ ԹԾھµ. ͵ ͹ڵõ Թڹ ػҷ͹ػҷʹԾھҹҵٹ ڨڵʻ ⾸ڻ ڬ⾸ڻ صڵҷԻڻ ʵ Էڷʹʹ, Ż طڷʹʹ. Էڷʵ ԹԷڷʹʹ. ʾھ @ԧö: .. // .. //, () .. //- @ ͧ.ءڡ. //

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

˵յ ͵ڶڵ Ե ʾھ صڵҷ ǧڤ طڸǨ ͵ڶ ­ڪ ͹ػǪڪ ͹ٹ ͹ԡ ʾھҡûԻسڳ Ҥ , ڶ ڶ Ťڤڵڻ ǡڢԵ, ͡طڷԡ ŭکԵ ͡ Ե ͡ Ե ˵ ʵڶ Ե, ͡ Ҹ, ͭ. Ե ͹. ൹ Ҥ⵵ ʵ. ͵ ʷ , յ Ҥ⵵ ͵. Ͷ Ҥ Ҥ, Ǩڵ ͵. Ի Ҥ ҵ Ҥ⵵ ڶ Էڸ ǷԵھ. ¶ҷ ҡյ " ͡ Ǫڪ ԭؤԵ ڵ ҷԹڹ Ե ءڢ ǵڵڵ" ʹ Ƿ, ͡ . " ͹Ǫڪ ԭػʵڶ ڵ ҷԹڹ Ե آ ǵڵڵ" Ƿ, ͡ ػڻڪ . ¶ҷ , ҡյ ǷԵ. ¶ҡ ҷյ ҷԻԻóʹ Ի ¶ҡ , ʹ ڶ ԯһʹ ҷ. Ҩ ͹, ʻ Ҩ. ¶ҷ ҡ, ¶ҡ ҷ ˵. ٵ ¶ Ҩ, » ǵ. ¶ , Ҩһ ǵڵҵ ͵. ͹⵵ ػ Ǥڤ ˯ ըԹ ¹ڵ ͻҳ šҵ ʾھʵ ǵ Ź ҸԹһ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

» صڵһ صڵҳ๹, ҳ ͵ڶ, ͻڻ ͻڻ ͻڻԻؤڤ ͵ ͻڻ ͹صڵ Ҫ ҵ ʡڡҹ ҹ ͵Ծ. ࡹ ⵵ ͹. ͭڶٵ ͡ʵ Ի. ­ ԭڨ , ʾھڵ ˵ڶ š ʵյ . Իյ ҷู ԵٻҷԹ ʵ, ǭڵٻ¹ʹ - ʧڢ, ʾھҡù بԳڳԵ һڵ Եڵڨ ǵ൵յ ǵڵ. ͵ڵǵ ǹ ͵ڵ Ҥ ʵ. Էڸ ǷԵھ:- ͤ ͤ. ? ʹ ح . ҹ ʡ ԾھҤ෹ ʻ, ʾ ûڻҷ ǡڨ š ǵ. Ե ʾھš Ի ʹ ح ͤ ҵ Ҥ⵵ ǷԵ. ൹ صڵ " ԡڢ ǵڵ, Ҥ⵵ بڨ". Ҷ ʾھš ԭҵ ൸ҵءšʹڹ ҹԵ. ʾھ ¶ҵڵ ൸ҵءšʹڹ §ڡԭڨ , ʾھ ¶ҵ Իյ ҹԵ. ʾھšص⵵ عڹ ¤ҹ ͹ʻڻ๹ ʾྐྵ ࡹ ص Իڻص. ͹ٻµ - ʾھڻ ҷԯػ - ͹ٻ ػ . ʾھٵ ٻҷչ ʾھҹ ʾھ ʧڢä ʾྻ Ե . õ Եڻ. ʾھڶڻ⹵ ʾ Ԫڬҡ¤ڶҷ ਵ ʹڵ๹ - ͵ڵ ʹʹ @ԧö: . ǵڵٻ¹ʹ .,. ͹µ @ .,. ҷԯ .,. ʹڵ๹

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʾھڶڻ. دҵ د . ó Է Ǩ, د ๹ҵ ͵. ʹڵյ Ծھҹ. ൹ ҳ๹ د. "Ծھҹ ͡¹ڵ. Ͷ ʹڵյ صڵ ʹڵ. ҵ? Ծھҹ. Ծھ ⵨ ڶ, ͡¹ڵ بڨ. ͹⦵ Էڷء. ʾھڢ ⵵ ʾ ҹ ҹ ͨڨڵ . ص ػʧڢµ ػԡڢʧڢ Ծھ صڵ ص. ʵ . ͹صڵõ ҹ ˹ ҹ ˹ Ҥ ͹صڵ . ڵ ʯ. ڡڵ ڡ. ǵڵյ Իǯگ ҷҡ ǵ. Եյ Ҥ ҹԵ. ʧڤҵ Ҥڵ. ʹڵյ Ҥ ó ʹڵ. ˹ ҷԤ ڹҤڵ ˹ڵ, êڪह յ÷. ҹ Ƿڵ ʹڵ, ʵ ⵵ҷ صڵ صڵҹڶ. Ե ءڡԻ ʵڵ ص ǯگ Ե, صµ·ҷ ǯگ ǯگǯگ Եڵ ǷԵھ. صڵdzڳ ԯԵ. Ե ڶջ طڷԡ¯ Եصڵ ءڡԻҵdzڳ ԯԵ. ----------------

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Ԥ ͵ڵǵ :- ù šԷԹ ҹ ⾸ҹ ҹ ʹԸ. ԷҹҤ ʾھšԹ ͡ҷԻڻ෹ Եҹ Թ. صڵʵ صڵҹ Եصڵ Եصڵڻ෹ ʧڤ . ԭԻڻڵ ԹڹԷ ¹ڵ ʹ ʧڤˡ . ͵ڶ ʵ ҳҹ ÷ڸ ͵ڶdzڳ . ڶ ڶҹ صڵ ¶ ʹ ڶ- ջ . ڻڵ Թԯҹ ͹ҡԹԨک ͯڵʻڻҳ ҳ. - Ե ʧڢù൹ ¹ڵ ͸Ԥ ح ҹǹ šҶ ʹ. @ԧö: . ڵ , ҳûҳ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ͤʵ طڸ ҷԻԻڵ ʾྻ ҳ - ˹ڵ صڵҤ. ԯ š ھطڸʹ ʤ Ԩڨ ˹ڵ ʾྻ ҳ. ʵ Ź ǻ Իڻ ʷڸ š ʵٵ. Ե õԵڶԹ Ҩ¸Ź . Եصڵ ͯ ԯԵ. -----------------


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=27&A=9118&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=27&A=9118&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=293 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=6780 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=6663 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=6663 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹѴ ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com