͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ صڵ.. (ڶ.)

                . ͤڤԡ÷Ҫصڵdzڳ
       صڵ ͤڤԡ÷Ҫصڵ, "صڵ"Ի بڨ. 
ػڻڵ?  ǵڶ õ વ ͹ҶԳڱԡ ,
@ԧö:  . ԡڢԵ       ..  ʷ  ʵ
@ ..          . ͹ڻԡ, . ͹ڻ    .. ʧڢµ
÷Ҫص صڵ ڵԨڨҷ - طڸڢع š
ࡹ ͤڤԡ÷Ҫ  óԡڢһҹ ػڻڹ
 "ڶ    ǵڵʵ,   ʹ ص
  ó ڵ ԡڢһҹ ҷʵ"  -  ڶ
 - ڵ ǵڵ  ೹ ʹ Ҩ  صڵ.
ڶ " ص"ҷ ڤص - dzڳ, "Ͷ  
ؾھ¹"ҷԡ - ÷Ҫص صڵ ǷԵھ.
      ൹   ¹ ͤڤԡ÷Ҫҵ   صڵؾھ, 
 dzڳ. ¶Է?    ͤڤ ˵ Ԩõյ
 ͤڤ⡵  ҡ , ÷⪵ ⤵൹.  صڵ
"ͤڤԡ÷Ҫ". ๵ .    ʹ
͹ڵն ͤڤص .  "ʹ" ǵڵ ʻ
  һڹڵ. -  "" صڵ. ջ 
Ǩ, ʹ໵ ͵. ͤڤ ڪ ˵յ ͤڤһ - 
ͤڤ ڰطڸ   ࢻ - ժҵڨ Ե ڪ -
طڸ ؤڤڨҡ ˵. ص ڤԵҵ  Ե ˵
ʡڡù ʻڻؼҳԵҷչ ʧڢҹ - ˹ڵյ ͵.  
ԭڨ ͤڤ Եھ,  ʾھ "ص" بڨ. ʻҹڵ ͹ئ.
  ʾھҹؤڤ˵ڶ ʹڵدڰ  بڨը - ǡڡ
Գڱ õ. ൹ صڵ "ʻҹ Գڱ ".
@ԧö:  .. صڵ¹ کڵԨڨ      .. -ʷ  ʵ
@ .. ڤصڵdzڳ                 .. ҷ
@ .. һڹڵ                    . ͤڤҸ, . ͤڤůڰ
@ ..  ͤڤ طڸ Ըһࢻ   .. 
@ . ˵ҹ                         .....
      Ͷ ڶ ʾھҡڻڹ ڵҷԡ ǹڵ 
 Եڵ  շ,    ʹ Ǩ๹ ǹڵ
طҨõյ? بڨ:-    "ڤšԨ ʹ
ڤŹ"  ԯڰ,  "Ҿ حڪ ̡ڳ
سڱ  ʹ ػʧڡ" ڵ Եڵ  ෵,
ͭڭڶ  - ͤ. Ͷ ط ͹ڵ ͹ڵҨڨ -
Ԩک  - سڱҵҷ. һ   "س ط ˵"
ҹ ԯڰ,  " ط, ൹ Ǿ٪ - 
˵" Ԥبک "سڱ" . سڱڵ  بکԯ , 
  ˵ ҤکԵعڵ.  صһ շ ¡  dz೵յ
  Ԥبک "" .   , - 
 ھવ -  ʷڸ ͡ ೹  
⵻ һõ Ԥبک "š" . "Ūҵԡҹ 
صԷʹڵ๹ - һ ˵" ڭ⹻ .
        ص⵻ Իڻʹ آdz೹ ù ù
 ػ ͹ءڻյŹ Ե൹ ͵ڵ ʾھʵ
Ҹóҷ ʹ  "ҹ   ". Ͷ
  آڻҷ٨Եҷ -  ͹ءڻյŹ Ե൹
ԨکԵ  ص  Եڵ˷ ͵ڵ ԻڻʹڹԹڷ
˵ - ص ҵ äʷ - طҨǨ 
@ԧö:  .      .. -ʷ  ʵ     .. 
@ .....٪     .            .   ھԵ
@ .....ڵ๹         .. آڻҷ٨Ե ҷ
@ . ˯             .,. ؤڤʷ, .. ؤڤʷ
"¹ڹٹ չڨ Źڵ ,   ڶ ,  
չڨ  š " ڭ "    ⤵"
.  ,  ˵ڻ ڨ ʻ 
ŷڸ ڨ ط ˵յ.
      ڶ Ҹٵ  ʷ ҨڻԨکڻʹعڷ÷աҷ
ʵ. "Ҹ    ʧڢԵ൹  ʵ"ҷ - 
Ҩ. "Ҹ ൵   ԡڢ  Ե ԹڷԵ
͹Ե"ҷ - ڻԨک. "Ҹ Ҹ Իصڵ"ҷ -
ڻ.
        "Ҹ ب Ҫ      Ҹ ڭҳ 
         Ҹ Եڵҹڷؾ     һҡó آ"-
ҷ - عڷ. " سҶ, Ҹء ԡö"ҷ - ա. Ը
 Ҩ.
      ൹ յ ҸԻڻ¹Էʹ,  ҵءյ صڵ ˵.
óǨ ,   ҵء,   س, Ҹء
ԡ,   , ¶  ҹյ  û ʷڸ
ھ ǷԵ.   سյ ʵԹڷԡࢻó, Ҹء
ԡյ ԡ աª๹ Թڷԡࢻó.  ਵڶ
­ڪԻʤڤó, ک ͵ڶԻʤڤó.  
 વ, ک صҹ ҹ óڶٻԡڢҷ. 
 "ʾ­ڪ  ,  ǹ" ໵, ک "ҵ,
@ԧö:  .. //, ͧ.ʵڵ. // ()
@ .. //                  .. //
@ .. // ()           .. //
 ԡҵ". Ҹء  » ʷڸ - વ "
    ʹҤ ,  س Ҹء, 
͵ڶ  Ǹ ,  Ҹء ԡ" ͵ڶ
໹  "س Ҹء ԡ".
       "   ԯڰ " շڵ  
˹  "". ڶ "¶  ,  ڱ
­ڪ صڵ๹ ¹ " Իڻ - ǷԵ.
 ˪ ص " "  ͤڤԡ÷ 
 ڨ, ڻԨک Ԥڤյ صڵ ˵, ¶ҹԯڰ 
Իڪ๹  յ. Ͷ " ͵Ǩ" ͵ Ǩ,
Էҹ - ǵڵھ ʹڸ صڵ "⡸ ػ" ҷԡ.
      [] ڶ ⡸⹵ تڬ. ػյ  ⡸
ա ػ˹ ڹҤ.   ࢵ حکյ ڢ,
   ڢ ҵ һڢ. Իڹԯڰյ Թڰҷԯڰ, Իڹ
 ٻ ǵڶء Ԩکҷԯڰ ڹҤ. յ ͵ڵ
ԪڪҹʻԨکҷšڢ  ڹҤ.  ڭ  Եյ
 ٻ ؤڤ  չҹ ʹ ԭڨ ͹ǹ 
"" ҵ, - ʾ  ڶ ҵ. - ­ ڶ
 , ͵ڵ ˷µدڰڵ,  ùڵ. ڶ  ҷԻ
  ⡸Ԥڤ  "⡸ҷԸ - չؤڤ" -
@ԧö:  ..    ʵ                  . 
@ .. Ͷ " ͵Ǩ" Էҹ
@- .,.    ڶ , ..  ʾ
@   ڶ     . ⡸    . ⡸ҷԸ չؤڤ...
ؤڤҸԯڰҹ  ʹ ⡸ҷԸ ʹ ࡹ  ¹
  š   ,  ʹ  " ˹"
 ͵ڵءڡʹڨ ͡   ¹  
, ͵ڵҹڨ  .
      [] Էҹ  ҹ ԯڰ "Ҩ ҳҵԻҵͷԹڹҷҹҷչ
ù⵻  ",  ԯڰ ู,   ʵڵҷ
͡Ÿ   ڹҤ ҷչ ͻʹڵ  
ػ෹ڵ, -  "չ   šó" ڶ ҷչǭڨ
ʹ ͻԻ  ŭڨ š   ʵ  "͡
 Ԫ " ҷԤҶ .
      ڶ ͡⪵ ໵ ͳڱ ¹.   ͡ 
µ. ⪵ ͳڱ.   ҵءبک ͳڱ ҵ ԡڢڵ 
µ.  ͡  Ԫ һ. ¸ ҳڵ  Ը ʵڵ. ʵյ
·ԡਵدڰ൹  Ǩշԡਵدڰ൹  ह Ե
໵. "ҳҹ ʵ"Ի , ڶ ͡  Ԫ ҵ ҹ
¸ ҳҹ ʵյ  ھ ǷԵ.    ڶյ
൹  ͹ءڻ . ڶ صڵ   
Ҷ,  ͵ڵڻ ǵ   صڵҹڶҹ ҹ ùڵ
dzڳԵdzڳڵ .
      [] ˹ڵյ ˹ Թʵ. ػعีյ - ʹ õ
ԯڰ. ҹ Ԥҹ ҵ ͵ڶ ʷ෹ ҹյԻ ǵڵھ.
@ԧö:  . ڻ˹ڵ, . ػڻʹڵ,       . ػعڸյ, . عڸյ
Ԥڤ ڭ⵵ Թ ˹عڸ๹ - Ԥæҵ⡵
 Է.
      []   · í୵  Ԥ ڻ ʾ
Ը  ʷڸ ػù,  ໵  íڭ.    ·
í   Ե,  ʵڵҹ ԤڤԵԨڨڵ ʵ 
ʧڢ .  ͷԹڹ ҷµյ -  ͷԹڹ ͹حڭҵ ¨Ե൹
ҷµ, ¹ ࡹ ह ¹ ࡹ ù ͵ڵ ˳ ี.
      [] Գҷҵ ͵ڵ ʹڵ ԭڨ ԡڢԻԵ ԡࢻڤ೹
, ԭڨ ͹ԡڢԻԵ "͵ڵࡹ Ź ͵ڵ DZڲ "
DZڲԤڤ೹ , "  ط ʵ,    
ʵ"  "ط Թڹڻ Ҹó"   ¤ڤ೹ -
 Գ ˵. حڪ - µ    Գڶյ ൹ Գࡹ
"  Գ" ⨷ "   Գڶ,  Եڵ 
ʡڢ"  ๹  ʹ⵻ µ.
      [] ԭڨԡڢµҵ ͻڻڵࡻ ԭڨ Ԩک. ڶ
Ǫ -  ڵ  کڵ  ԭڨ Եڶ   , ˹ڵ -
ԭڨԡڢ෵յ õ ⡯௵  -  ڱ ҵ.
      [] ͵ڵ˵ٵ ͵ڵ Եó,  ˵. ˵ٵ
ʡ  ó.  ʾھڶ ԡڻ. - ʡڢԻدⰵ 
ҹ,  յ بک.  ٵյ ҹ  " ҹ"
@ԧö:  .. ˹عڸ๹        .. ͷԹڹ෵յ      .,. ¤ڤ೹
@ .. تڪ            .. Ǫڵ            .. ˹ڵ
@ .. -ʷ  ʵ                           . ԡڻ
ͪҹ  "ҹ" ,  , -   
õ.
      [] ҵչڵ ھڸչ. ʢչڵ. ¡ҹ. - ٵ
ûԤڤ. Էʵյ ԡŹ ʵ, ͵Ԩù ʵյ ͵.
ҵ šڡù ͹Ԩک. ڻ¹ҵ    ڶ 
 ڶ, ʹһյ صڵ ˵.
      [] ҵ  - Ե ҵ  ڵ ڰҹٵڻ,
Գڳ ¾ھڵ  س  - ڰҹٵڻ.  ʹ  õյ
͵ڶڻ صһ  õ  ʵ. -
      [] عڵ  . ˹ڵյ ҳԹ  űڱع  ͭ୹ 
ࡹ õ. ʵյ ⡸ ʭڪ๵ Ҩ Ǩ๹.
      [] ͵ڶڵ ʹڷԯڰԡڻԡ  ԭڨ. بک
ʹ⵵ د . ͹ڶʵյ  Ե Ҩԡڢ.
Ԩک๹ ൵յ ͵ڶ  - Ҩԡڢ⵻ ¶   ҹ, 
ͻҡ ­ڪ Ԩک๹ Ǩ๹ ൵, Ҩدڰ 
 զõڵ ໵  ൵.
      []  ҵ ͵ڶ  ؾھ - һԨک صڵ,
  "ม ¹ بڨԵ Ե Ҩ بڨԵ Ե 
بڨԵ Ե  Ԩکҷ˵  һԡ Ԩک Է˵,   ڭҵ
@ԧö:  ..  ػԻ            .. ҹ
@ .. -ʷ  ʵ            .. -ʷ  ʵ
@ .. صһ  ʵ             .. -ʷ  ʵ
@ .,. ͯڰ  ؾھҤ
Ԩک" -  Ҥ. ¶ ͭ  ҹڵ,  ೹ ҹڨ
͹ԡ೹ - Ԩکڹ  ڵҵ Ԩکڹ.
      [] áŹڵ ҵԡ  Եڵ , Ҥڵ  ൹
Ź - صڵ,  ͵ڵ Ҥ ҹҷ ڻԻવ,  
෵, صڵ  ෵յ ͸Իڻ.
      []   ҵ ص صڵ.
      [] ڵ ػڰ൵   ػڰ. -
ػڰԵڵԻ ,  - ڵ Ҥڵ ͵. ʵ Ҩ  
෵յ "͵ڶ    šڡù  حڭ ໵  Ҥ"
ͨԹ൵ ͻڻ໹ Ǩ๹ ʵ, ͹ڵ آڵڻ 
 ෵,  ڵ ͸Իڻ.
      [] ʵ ¸ ٵյ  Ը ¶ Եڵҹ ʹڵ
"ء ԷڨԷڨ  ʵ",  ʪڪҹǨ ٵյ. -
"ʹڵ"Ի , ;صڵ ͵. ٵյ  "ء  
 շ ,  ڶ ک, ó  , ԷڨԷڨ
 "   ÷  ǭਹ ص . ԪԤ⹵
ԪԤ ڤ,  ǭਵ  ԭڨ ˵ Եء
͸Իڻ.
      []  ڵҹڵ    ͵ڵҹ. ءڡʵ  ҵҷ
ءڡʵ بڨڰ ໵.   Ǫҹյ   Ǫҹҵ,
@ԧö:  .. //, //    .. ೹   .. 
@ ..    ʵ             .. -Ե   ʵ
@ ..  ʪڪҹ Ǩ ٵ
ը õ.  ʹڸԡ. ⹵ سرڲ , ͸
 . ʹ ๹ҵ ൹ ءڡʹʧڢ൹ - ͵ڵ ๹.
      [] ⡵ Ҩ  ʪ. µ ڸک,
   ෹ ͭڭ  حڭ ù õ, ʵ ͸Ǩ.
һԨ⩵ ʹڵسǹԨک ڹҤ. کյ ҷکص
ⰵ ʹڵسڻʹšڢ೹ ¹ ڹҤ, 
 - ͡ҵء ""ҷǨ๹.  һԤبکšڢ ,
 صڵʹ ؾྤšڢ ͵ڵڻڵ  ⹵ڵڻ.
      [] طڸڵ ھطڸ. ʵյ. "ʾھڭ"ҷ
ػǷ, - ǡڨ "ػڻԻ"ҷ. ԾھҪ - ˯ڰ ҵ
ǡʹ ਵ - ھԵ   ǡ, ˯ڰ  ڨ·¡ڵ
͵. á  ԾھҪ,  ԭڨ  ˯ڰ ൹ ʹ
ʵյ ڶ - ͵ڶ Ԩکڵ ҳ.
      [] ͹ ʹ⵵ ͢ճ .  Ԫҹյ "
" Ԫҹҵ, ¶  " ¹" ҹڵ,  Ҩ
Ԩکõ, ¹ áڡ, Ե൹ Ԩک ͸ʵ. õ .
ʾ ࡵ ءڡڰʹ , ʾھࡵ صڵ ˵.  
ʹڸԨ੷Żó͡ҤԡóԻڶԯڰҷչ -  -  
ڻڵ ҵ بڨڵ,   ڻڵҷ ڨҷչ
ڻڵ. ¶:-
@ԧö:  .. ءڡʹǪҹʧڢ൹    .   յ      .. ͻǷ
@ .. ԾھҪ                .. ǡʹǵ   .. ໵ڶ
@ ....ԯҷ              .. -Ե   ʵ
            "ڨ  ԡڢ      ʹ   Ԫڪҹ   š,
           ڨ,  Ը  ԡڢ  ͡ڨ         ˵
        `ط    ൹    ʹ         Ԥ-
        Ҫҹ  Գڱ  ˹  ൹  Թڷ   ੷໹
         Ҩ໹', -  ͻù ¹ ൹  ʹ 
         ԤҪҹ  Գڱ  ˹    Ҩ໹ -
           ԡڢ  มڨ  һԡڢ    ˵  `ط
          ൹      Ҫҹ   ԡ      ʡڡ
        ء   ҹ   ٪   ͻ   ˯ڰҹ   ھԵҹڨ,
              ԡڢҹ",     ͻù  ¹   ൹
            Ҫҹ  ԡ  õ  ʡڡ      ԡڢҹ.
         ԡڢ   ʹ Ԫڪ š.
            ع    ԡڢ  ม һԡڢ ҤڻǷԵ
        Թ һسԵ ͵ڵ ˵,  ԡڢ ص 
        š.
            ع  ԡڢ ม  һԡڢ  طڸ  
        طڸ  ùڵ ࡹ ;¹  ͹طڸʵ,
         ԡڢ   š.
            ع  ԡڢ  ม  һԡڢ  ҹ  ҹ  
        ڱҹ ػԡڢҹ, ¶Է?  ǵڶ 
        ǵڶ  հ  ˹ ˡ ҳ 
@ԧö:  .. ਹ⵵
        ˡ   ذ طڷ Ԣҷ   حڪ
        ھ  Գ  ڵԡ  ڱ  ڵԡڱ,    
        ʧڤҵ ػ໵,  ԡڢ ص  š.
             ԡڢ     ͤ
        ,  ʹڵ ٵ صڵʸ  Ż". -
      ڶ š š ڭҷ ๹ڵ,  صڵ
 ٻ ҷԻڨڵ, ص µڵԸ,  
, ص ԡڱ, ڨ ҹҸһڵڤŻڻ
ššصڵäس š­ڨ ҷԻڨªҵ. ¶ "  ԡڢ
ïڰԳ ص". - ڶ  ڨ ,  ʹڸ 
" ʾ ".   " ԡڢ  
   ˵, -  ʹڵ ٵ صڵʸ
Ż" -  ššصڵøඹ ͤ õ ص, 
 Ըһ "ʾ " Թ ءڡڰԨ෹ .
        Ҹ ͵ڶ ⢵ Ǹó, ൹  
Ҹ, ҹ  ʾھک⡵ Ǹõ. ? ԯڰǵڶ
¸ʹ,   ԭڭ  ʪવ,  ͸Ԥš
 ҵ. -
        ҵ Էҹ   Ҷ Իڵʹ
⡸ҷ ڨ, һڢ  Ը  , ص¤Ҷ ¤Իڵʹ
@ԧö:  .. //              .. //
@ ..    ʵ            .. //
@ ..,.  Ԥšó ҵ
ҳ ,  ¤Իڵ ԤԤڤ ,
صڶ ʹ , ڨ Գǭڨʹ , ڰ
ʹ ڶ , ʵڵ ٯʡڢʹ , ͯڰ
Եڵؾʹ ,  ͡ڭʹ ,  ʹʹʹ
, ͡ҷ  ǭڨʹ - , ҷ Ԩکڹڵ-
ʹ - ,  ͡ڭ - , طڷ ǭڨʹ
, ڹ ʹʹ ,  ǭڨʹ ,
ʵڵ ͵ڵءڡʹʹ , ͯڰ ¤Իڵʹ
ʡҷ ʵڵ, ͡ٹʵ ʹʹ , ʵ ͤڤʹ
⡵  ൵ڵ   صڵ,  Էڷʹ  "  
صڵ,    - Եҵ. ʵ:-    ؾ "ҹ
   Ź"  ʧࢻ  صڵ,  Եڶ
  Եҵ. Ͷ     ؤڤʹ صڵ, 
ʹһ   Ե. Ͷ     صڵ
¸ʹ, -  ҵʹ,     Եҵ - "⡸
ػ"ҷԹ ¹.
      []    ʵ Էҹ  
ʡڡ·ԯڰ - ͵ Թԯ ˵,   ԯڰ ู 
" ڨ  ˵". ʵ:- ڶ   ڨ 
˵,  ڨ ˵ , ͻԨ  ع  ˵, ع
@ԧö:  ..,. ˷ǭڨʹ            ԨکڹԻڵʹ
@ ,. ͡ڭʹ        .      ..  ʹ
@ ..    Ե              .. ʡ ԯڰ
˵ , ͻطڸʹ  ˵, طู ع
ͻطڸ˹  ˵.    չ  ءڡڰ
 ڭ, -  ๹ ع  ˵, ءڡహ  -
 ˵յ ڻ ͵ڶ ໹ .
      [-] Էҹ ǵڶ Է๹ ี  "Թһ
ҹҶ"ҷԡ  Ҷ .   ػڻ, ͡ ڻ,
 ͵:-    صڵ " ڨ  ˵"ҷ, Թһ
ҹҶ, ¶  Էʹ,  Թһ ù ҹҶ, ¹ 
ù ¹ ୹ Է Էʹڵ صڵ ˵.  Էʹڵ صڵ.
? ڱŻص ʻ  šٻڵҵ.
      ڱ ص ڱŻص. ͵ڵ ҷڶ  ع
Ե յ ʻ. ҵ⤵ . ⵵  չ
ҵ  ԡ    ҡ.
      ʵ ෹ ھڸԵ  ҵ ʻڻ, -
;صصڵ ͵ԯڰ  Եڵ  ڻ.  طڵ  -
ػڻ๹һ - , չػڻ๹ - ط.  ʻڻڵ 
Ҥک  - ػڰҹ, ڵ  ,  ҵڤ Ԩµڶ
ڵ    ͭ   طڷҷ ھطջ
¹ ػڰҹ Ҥٵ ͵.
@ԧö:  .. ڭԵڶ                    .. ع
@ ..                 ....,ٻڹһ
@ .. չٻ๹               .. Ҥک 
       دڰҹڻ -  ҵ Ԥêڵ ê, ˹
طڸҷ Իڹڵ һ, šʧڢҵ š ໵  ڶڵ
šҹʭڭԵ - ͯڰһڵҹ   Իڵ Ҥ
વ   šٻ ,   չһ   ҵ
 šٻڵ, šٻڵ⵵ صڵ ˵.
         ǷԵ:- ͵  һ ൹ ൹ػ¹
ʵڵԵ ù ʻҡ ڱš ػڻڪ.   ҵ,
໹ طڷ ص Թ دԡ ʵ, ͹⵹ ԡڢ Ե
ԡ ໵. ඡ   ҹڢ -  صڵ ¶ࡹ
ù ̹ڵ. ͭڭһ Ÿյ ڹ
طԡ ǡڭ  ໹ ʹ ҷԡ "͵ڵ ҹٻ
" ٵ ڪڪҷԡ̹ ʡ ໵
ʾھʵصڵ - ҹ һù ҹ ک ԯڰڤԡҵ
.   "ʳڰԵ ٻ ڤŹ" - ڰ   Ԩک, ൹
ԯڰڤԡ ʧڢ طҷ.
        ҵ  دڰ ŵԡ ʵ ڰ -
˵ ڸԵ Ҫ˵  ʵ    
ڰ ௹. Ͷ ԯڰڤԡ "ö ö"  
չ ͻ๹  ҹ ÷ ҵڤ 
@ԧö:  .. ػڰҹڻ              .. šҹ...
@ . ڢ                    . ʾھʵԾڷصڵ
@ . ʳڰԵٻ ڤŹڵ            .. ʵ, ػԻ
" .  ҵڤڱŵ.  "շ  ҹ  رڲ"
ҹ ǵڵ.  "  ҹ ڵ ڪڪҷ ,
  ҵह ͹ڵ " ػԵ "˶ ڱŹ" űڱ
Ե "" ǵ  ˵ ͡ ౵ ù
Ԩک෵ ͤ.  ʵ Ե دڰ  بک " 
  ʾھҸó, ط ҹ ".  
" , - ʾ Ҹó". " ʾھҸóù Ե
ԡڢҨù - ໹ڵ  ԯڰڤԡ   ͹¾ʹ ع"
öԡ öԡ Գڱ ҹ ਵ  ÷
Իڪ "ԯڰڤԡ ŷڸ  دڰ".
       "÷ ҵ Ի" ص " ҡԡ
෶, Ź ͧ ڢԵ - ک" .    Ԩک,
"ԯڰڤԡ ŷڸ  دڰ" .   "
ҡԡ ෶. ҡԡ  - ҷ, ҡԡ Ź ͧ
ڢԵ - ک" .  ڻ -  Ԩک,  Ƿ. 
ص "ʡ ෶, ҷ, ػڲһ, һ, , ճ"  ʵ
ҳ,   Ԩک,  Ƿ.  Ҩڵҹ  ͵ڶڤ.
Ͷ  ҷ  ҳԻҡ ԡڢԻ໵  ػʧڡԵ
Ҩ "ҵ ҵڤ ԯڰڤԡ ͻҸ ,  , 
- ճ  ʵ - "   س Իڪ.
@ԧö:  ..  -Ե Է  ʵ          .. ԡڢù
@ .. ͧڤ ࢵ                . ҡԡ,
@ ..                      - .. ճ"  "ʵ
       ˻ڨ յǵ ڻ ڳҡ  ԯڰڤԡ
ڵ ڵ¡ҷ ҵڤ ػڳ   - "  ๡ҹԻ
Ǩکҹ   ԨکԵڶ һسڵ,    ԾھԪڪ,
ͷڸ ˵˨ڨ¹ ԯڰڤԡ Ũک".  س Իڪ.
Ͷ ʵڵ  ڵ ʡ ػڰԵ " ҵڤ
دڰ໶, ԡ  ෶,   ʾ Եڶ" . 
  ԯڰ " ÷  Ի ڱ õ,  ù
 ڵ ʵڵʵڵ ڱ ˹ڵ".  ԯڰڤԡ
Żŵԡ ໵ اڡ̻ԡҷչ  ҹ 
ʹڵԡ ๵ " ԡ, دڰ ک" ͷ.   
"دڰ" ,  "˵ඹ  ˵ دڰ" ,  
دڰ.  շԵ  " ͹⵹ Ե   , 
 Թ دԡ ".   ˵ ˵ ڶ . "ԯڰ
໵" ҵҳ. ๵   Ź ࢵ ˷ࡹ
໵ Ҥ  Ե ͷ.  "ڭ   Թ"
ҵ ͡ ͱڲڵ  ˵ " ǹ ک,
`͵Ԩµ'   ءڡڰ" ǵ ҹʡҹ  "  ڪԵڶ"
ҳ໵  ԡڢ һʻھڪ ھԵ Գԡ 
Ի ͯڰ һڵ ڨ  ԭڭ Ծھ൵ "Էҹ
ԯڰڤԡ   - " ҡʹҤڵ ÷ Ե
ԯڰڤԡ ʹڵԡ .
@ԧö:  . è             .. ԯڰڤԡ 
       ص "⡨   ҵ ھ  ءڢԵ 
ڰ  Ҥ ʵ" Թڵҹ ڵ    ԻԵ
"  ͹Ҷ   Ҥڶ" - . һ " 
ԯڰڤ ءڢԹ , ʡŪھطջ  ʡڡ "
ǵ ͵Ǩ "ک  ʹ  - `Ҿ   
ҵ,  ڷҹ ԹڷԵ ʵڵ   ʹڵԡ Ҥکʵ". -
  "  Ÿյ ص ͵ڵ һ 
ڱ - ڵ,  ʡ  ǵڵع". һ "  ҵڤ
ҹ ҹ" ǵ, ¶  ʷڷ˵,  ๡ҹ үҹ
ʵ   ҳ໵ ͵ڵ ʵ ͤ.   ͡.
       تڬ¹ڵ ʹڵ "  ͵ڵ һ
ڱ  ع  Ҿҹ ʵ".  ͸ҹ  -
ص   ʹڵ  Գڱ "  , ڨ,
ص, , , ͪڪ Ҥʵ".   ʯڰ ص -
"Ҩ ڻ " ͵ڵ ͵ڵ ÷ ڱ ໵
ҳԤڤ˳ڰҹ - ʪવ »ڻڵ ԡ ŧڡԵ "Ҿ
Ҥ ڭҷҹ " ҡ ࡹڵ - շ. Ͷ һ
سڳ  - ػ  ڷҹ ŵ 
Ҫ Ҿ໹ Ԥڤک. Ҫ " ڷ ҵ"
͵ڭ.  ͹ءڡ Ҥ  "ʨڨ ԯڰڤԡ ,
@ԧö:  . ͡ڶҵ    ..     .. Ҥʵ...   . 
@ . ͸     . ʵڶ , .. ʵڶҨ ص
@ . ҳԤ˳ڰҹ, .. ҳԻҡ, . ҳԤڤ˳ڰҹ
@ .. ࡹ             . 
Ҿ  ԯڰڤԡ   ؾ ҵڤʹҤک" - ԯڰ
ͤ.   Ҫ๹  ԯڰڤԡ ʹڰ  ͵.
   صع ,    ͧڤدڰࡹ , ൹
ʹ  ԯڰ.   "  ʳڰ, صڵ  
 " ǵ  Ҫ ع ڷҹ .
       "ԯڰڤԡ Ҿ һ ҡ ҵ
ҵ" ǵ   Ҥکڵ.  ʡڡ ҵءҹ ҹ ʹ -
÷ҹ ⹡ҹ  .  ԯڰڤԡ íڭ ໵
໵ ౵ ö ໵ ʡڡù  ڢԳ
໵  ڱ ໵   Ҿ һ"
ԯڰڰ ໵ ໹ڵ " ٻ ⹡ ,  
ʵ".  ڱ  صڵ Ԫ.  طڸԷ - ʷڸ ص൹ 
໵ ڱ " á "ڱ¡"  ͡. 
ص    "Ҿ ص" õ ùڵ. 
๡ʵʻڻ ڳҡ Ҥکڵ,   áڢ
 , Ҥ    ڰ   ڵ.
       ͹ػؾྐྵ رڲ ҹ ҵ  ÷.   -
ڻڵҹ ڸԡҹ ͷ ҹ ෵. һ " 
ص ҹ ෵  ෵" - Ǫવ ҹ ҹ ෹ڵ
 "¶ ʾ ʵ,  "  ػԵ ڵ
@ԧö:  .....ʹҤک...      . ʡڡҵء, ڻ๹, .. ڻ๹
@ .. طڸ           .. 
@ ..  ෵-Ե   ʵ
˵ ҡʹ Ҥ صڵ ÷ ͯڰ.   
"   ٻ  Ҥ" ط  Ҷ:-
               "  Ҥک  -
                ͵ ػҨ
                ʧڡ حڨ 
                    ͷڢ". -
       "˶ ˶"  ˵ ௵ ͹¾ʹ
 .  ҡʹ ڵ Թ ڨدڰ. - ǵ ػԵ 
 ˵ طڸҷ   ,  ͡ڢ Ԥڤ ࢹ 
ڦù൹ ئػ - ءڢ Ƿµ. ԯڰڤԡ ص "⡨ Ҥ
͵ڶ" بک.  ھ Ҥکյ. -  ⵵.  ⵵. 
ڶ ڵ "  ͵ڵ " Ҩڵ  ҷ
 Իڪ. ൹  ¹ һ Գڱ Ե Ҥ  Ե
 ǹ ڶ Թ ˵,  ԯڰ ⶡ Ҥ  ԯڰڤԡ
ͷ "ک Ҥ  ط ŵ  ٵԡ ͵ڶ, 
͡ڢآڳҾ ԭڨ,  -  Ի,  Ծھԡ
ʹڵ" .   ͡.     "
ҵ ڱ  " صڵ  ʾ   
ҷ ԡڡتવ Իڪ໵ .
       "ʾھ ҹ ҵھ" ǷԵ   ͵ڵ
ʹڰҹ ڵ Թ "Եڶ ҡ ԯڰڤԡ Ե, 
@ԧö:  . , .         .. // ()
@ . ڨڰ                  .. ئػ
@ ..  ھ Ҥکյ      . íڨ
ҡ ڱ¡, Էҹ  ".  ҵڵһ ͷڷ
ڸչ  ǵչյ - ùڵ.  " ҵ ԯ,
ͭ ص⵷  حڪ" ػԹ - ʵ. һ 
ػ  ໵ ٷ ڵڰ ҷԵ ط
ڢԻ, һ  طࡹ ҹ  "ࡹԷ Եڵ" ʵ
ڵ һ  " ͵ڶ" . ҵڤڱ Ҩҵ
 ڱ,   ػ ҵ. - һ "Ҹ Ҩ"
˯ڰҹ ʵ, ʵڻ ڵڰ һ ʹڵԡ Ҥک. һ
ع ڵ " ڱ,  ˯ڰҹ , ػԹ - "
. һ "Ҹ Ҩ"  ͡, ع  ͡. -
һ ع " õ" ط - һ ʻ " 
ؤڤ ʵڵ طڸ ŵ". һʻ "Ҹ Ҩ  
دڰҹ  " ǵ دڰҹ .  õڵ  µ,
͹ڸ , յ ڸ һ ʹڵԡ ڵ "͵ڶ 
 Ҩ ҡ ʵڶ" بک. ൻ   - "" ڭڵ,
  ʾھ Ҩԡڢ.  һ ػʧڡԵ "  حڨ"
Ҩ, һ "· ҡ  Ҥڵ  ໵, حڨ"
.
       ڵ һ "  ҵڤڱԵ , ҡ
ˡó   ".  " ڱ " .
@ԧö:  . ڸչյ              .. ػԹ
@ ..  ػԹ յ        .....
@ ..             .. د    ..   
 "  "  ˵ڶ ˵ һ ʹڵԡ
 . һ " ҷ بک ԻڪԵ ໹ "
,  " " . һ " ڱ ǹڷ".
 " ෹  ǹڷ" ˵ڶҷؤҷ ˵
һ ҷ  .  " , ͻԨ  ҹءڻ
  حڨ. -   ؤڤ طڸ  ʵڵ
ʵ" .  "Էҹ   ҵھ" . һ
- "൹   һ  ڵԡһԳڱ ໵ ڨ Żڻ
ط ʶ   حڨյ .  حڨԵ ڵԡһԳ
ʵڵ Ե  - һ  .   "ʶ 
 ҹǹ" ڵڰڢԻҷ  ʾھ Եڶõ "ڶ
շ "  շ.  ص ʡŪھط ڵ¾ҷ
˯ڰھԵ ҵڤڱԵ ػڰҹ ͤ.  ǵء 
   ػڻڪ. ൹  "Թһ ҹҶ 
šٻڵ".
      [-]  " ڨ  ˵, ع  ˵".
ี Էҹ " ڨ ˵,  ع ˵ "
 - ี "ͪڬ¡ ҵ  ؤڤڨ -  ".
      ڶ ͪڬ¡ ҵҵ ڵڬ  ҵ.
"ͪڬԡ - ҵ"Ի . ڵҹ ͪڬ ͹ػڡد 
@ԧö:  ..  حڨ    .. "൹   Żڻ ط ໵
@ڵԡһԳ౹  Ԩک෶,  د ڵԡһԳ ʵڵ
@ʵ,    ͭڭ ک" .  һ ˵ڶҷҷ
@˵  ͡,  حڨԵ ڵԡһԳ ʵڵ Ե ,
@ .. ͵    .. ؤڤ, ػԻ    .. ͪڬ¡ҡد
 ҵҵ ͵. ڵ ڸ - ʹڵ ڵڸ. Ƿڸ -
Ƿóҵ صڵ ˵.     Գػõ
   ҵ ڵڸ - ҹһ · ҳҵԻҵҷ һ
عڻع ػʹڵ, Ͷ ԯ   ڻ -  ؤڤ,
 ػҹ  ͵ڵ ҵһԵԻ " ҡ صڵ,
تڪҵ   ͧڤٵ, ԡڡڲ ", Ի "˻ԡ
,  , ,   ʷڸ­ڭԻҡҷ  ෶, 
 ʷڸ ໶", ͭԻ  "һڵ ,  
"   ˹ڵ. ڻ   ؤڤ ҷ,
ؤڤ   - ˵յ ͵. ڻµԻ .  
ؤڤ ءڢ ʤ, - ءڢڻڵ ˵յ ͵.   ҵ õ
ؤڤڨ,  ҵ   ءڡڰһ    , ҵ 
һ Էʹ -  "ڻ  ؤڤ" ͵ڶ
صڵڻ ؤڤڨ , - "ԯ  " ͵ڶ صڵڻ
   õ.
      []   ͪڬ¡ ҵҹڻ ҹ
ҷԡʹ ԯ  Ե ໹ ؤڤԤ๹  ڻ
ҵ  ໹ " ڨ ˵ , ع ˵
" ͵ڻ ͵ڶ ี Էҹ Ըڻ ͵ڶ Ԥ 
" :-
@ԧö:  .. ڸ            . Ƿڸ        .. ڵڸ 
@ .. ڻ                            .. 
@ .. ءڢ  ؤڤ    .. ʹ     .. ؤڤ 
        " ڨ  ˵       ڨ ˵ .
         ع  ˵       ع ˵ "
       ÷Ҫص صڵ.   ͵ڶ ԡڡتڪԵ
ҵҷչ  ª ǷԵھ:- ¶ ⡨ ԡڡتڪԵ  ءڡت,
  آ ҵ Ե "ҵ  ˵" ԯڰ
دڰ໹൹, - ¶ Ԩکڹ ,  ҵҷԨکڹҷ
ù൹, ¶  ڤ Ҩԡ,   Թڹ
تڤ Ҩԡڢ൹, ¶ ͹ڸ - Ż⪵ , 
ҵڤҷԹԷʹ⪵೹   ⤵   Եڵ
๡¹  ⵵.
                     ڶ⪵ԡ طڷڰ
                          صڵԻҵdzڳ
                   ͤڤԡ÷Ҫصڵdzڳ ԯڰԵ.
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öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=28&A=4276&modeTY=2 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=28&A=4276&modeTY=2 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=305 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=7292 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=7232 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=7232 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

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