͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ طڸ.. (õڶ.)

                       . ʻطڸdzڳ
     ⡳Ҥ   ͻ    ͹ڵ
ء ʵڵ ͹ػؾྐྵ Ե ء ص ع
DZڲԵ ͻԵء ص ع ͹ػؾྐྵ Ե ʵ-
 ʵ  ๡   ʵڶ 
طҷ.   õ Ե ԾھڵԵ  Ե
ҳչ ڵ   ԻŤسǵ ǵ
  بک ʹڸ ˵ ʹڹ ҹ ͨڨ¹
Ի Ԥ ҵءبک ԡڢ. ⤵ڵʹ  "ʻ"
.   ҹ ͤ ͪڬ.   Թⷵ
  ҷ  . عڷҹԻڻآҹ ͯڰڵ
Եڶҹ ڨػڰԵҹ  .
      ڵ Եڵҹ  عڷ  ԪԵ
 ص ػڻ ػڻڹ "Թԡڢ ԡڢ"
Թ. Ͷ Եڡڵ  Ũڡ Ե
ؤڤڵ بáùԡ ÷êԡ  Ҥ
๡ʵ ŧڡù  حڭҹ ʹ 
¹˷ҹ ҡಹ  ءڢڤҹ    
ڵ ø⾸ ଡ  ԯڰ. Ͷ ⾸ʵ
ʵ  ԯڰԵ Ƿڵ ˵ڵڸҷ ھ. 
үԵڶ ҷ ͵Ե ͱڲص ڤ ڵ ʻ
ʹʹڹ  շ.  ԵڶԻԨ ໵ Ҥ ʾ
ھ.
     һ  ʵڵ   ҹ Ե Ңسڳ
عڷ   Թڹ ػ حڪԵ 
  ¹   ǻࡹ ػյ ͯڰ
Գدڰ ˵ ø⾸ ػڵ ڨ˵ڶԵڶ Գʹڶ
ʹڶԵ ڶ շԵ ⾸ һسԵ "๡ҵ 
ҹ ڬ" طҹ ط๵ ʵڵʵڵ յԹ ͵ڵ
 ھԵҹ ԡڢٹ ⡯ ػڻڵ  Ź
ڵ ҳ Ի Ԥ ͵Ե   ڶ
ڡ ǵ,  ʵ ⡯ҹ   .
൹ صڵ:-
      [] "⡳Ҥ ͻù       ھط Իصڵ
            ⤵൹       Ҫ ڡ.
      [] ʭکڱԵ             ǹڹҹ
          ҹ Ҩ ҹ        Եҹ ҹ
           ̡         ⾸صڵ.
      [] ڡ ǵ൹         š
          ⡯ҹ             ".
     ڶ ʭکڱԵڵ ڱԵ تڬԵ Ԩڨڵ. Źڵ Ŧ,
ͻԵڢڸ ๡⡯ʸʭڨ ʵ¹ǹʷ ͵Էبڨ
Գ ڱԵڵ ͵. Ҩࡵ Ҩҹ . ̡ڵ ⤯ڰ,
¶  ⤯ڰ ԹڷԵ ¶آ ԨکԵڰҹ һسҵ,  һʻ
˾ڸ ԹڷԵ ⾸ һسյ ͵.
     ع  ԡ  ʵڶ ⡯ҹ ص
 . ·  عڷù÷ ʹءڢ ү
ù  ,  ڨڹ ⡯ҹ  
. ع ү  Իط ǵ ظ
  ͵ڶ, ڶ շԵ ͵ڵ ҵ ǵ آ
 šҵ ǵҹ ͹ؤڤˡóڶ ʵڵڻó
Ըԯ ʹ ճ ǵ⡯ҹ  . ൹
صڵ:-
      [] " · ط        õ ԡ
          ⡯ҹ           ص .
      []  ԡؾھ         ҳҵ  Եڵ
          ڨ⡯ҹ           .
      [] ظ ǻ      ڶ  Եڵ
          ճ⡯ҹ           ҹ ⾸ .
      []  ¡ڢ         ͻ 
          ҹ          ʧڢ".
     ڶ ʹڵ ҵ.   . õյ ͨ. 
ԡؾھ ҵ ү . ҳҵعڵ ʾھڭصڭҳ.
"ʾھڭҳҵع"Ի - Ƿڵ. Եڵյ Ҫ . ظҵ
ǵ ظ   ͵ڶ, ڶ շԵҵ ͵. ڵ
Ը.
       ҹԪԵ   ʡ ˯ڰ
صڵ¡  Էڸ ¡ .  ھط ͡ 
í ҷ ٻ, ҷ ٻʳڰҹ áصڵ ԹԵ  Ҫҹ
õ ҷԵ ͹ൻ êڪ ԻڪԵ ͻԵ .
  ԵڶԸص  . ·    ੡ Եڶ "
ҡ Ҫ,  " ҹڵ,   Ūڪ ص 
ʾھ ҷԵ ͭڭ  Իڪ.   ¡ 
ڢ¹ · عڷù ͤ,    
 óµڪԵʹڵ ʡ ԡڢԵ   .
Ͷ     ʻʾ   ¡ڢ
 ͯڰ.    Ե    ҷ
Ե   ػڻ෵  ʡ⡹  ó ڵ  بک,
@ԧö:  . ʨڨҳ...
 ʪવ     ڻڵҹ ҹ
ҵյҹ  . ൹ صڵ " ¡ڢ"ҷ.
ڶ ͻ ๵ ͻ . ҹڵ . 
 .
       ʻ  ǡʹڹԻ . ҳչ
Եص   .  ʻ ⾸ʵڵ 
šڢڻڵ  Ե  ص "  Թԡڢ
ԡڢԵ ط ʵ, ͵ ʹڵ ھԵ ÷ءڢ
بڨ" Թ൵ طڸعԤǹڵ ǹڵ ڵ һʻھڪ
ھ.  ٵҹ ʵԵһҹ  .  ͻ
"ʻ ԡڢԵ ⾸ ͹ػڻ" ص ʻ Ҥڵ
ʻ  ʹڵ ʻ ԡڢػھڪ ھԵ ˵ڵ
һس.  Ҥ   Ҧسڳ ҵڢ طڷ.
൹ صڵ:-
      [] "һ            Ҥ
          ճҹ ҹ           ʹڵԵڵҹ ҷԹ.
      [] ԡڢҹ               Ҥ
          ͵ԡڡڵǹڵҹ            Ź ҷԹ".
     ڶ ͵ԡڡڵǹڵҹڵ ͵ԡڡڵضتڪʵһڹҷչ, ʾ
ճҹҵ ͵. Ź ҷԹڵ   Ź  ʷҹ.
      ҡ ⾸ʵ ⪵Ի  ҳ Գڳ Ƿҹ
ä ­ ͹ڵԡ  ҡ ԡ   .
 ൹ ʷڸ ʵڶ ػʧڡԵ   ص  ʹڵ
ھ.  ÷ڸ ճ ԯҹ ؤڤ˵ ǵڵԻڵ طڸʹ
. ʻ  ʵڶ ҡ. ൹ صڵ:-
      [] "  ҳ          ⪵Իŵ 
           ͪڬ ڵ          Գڳ Ƿҹ ä.
      [] šڢ Ե           ʸ  
           ڵԡڢ             Ԫ ͹. -
      [] ʻ             ԡ ػڰ
           ʤ ʻڻ          Ծھ  .
      [] ҷ  ա          ػک ʻ Թ
             سԵҹ          ھ  ʹڵ.
      [] ÷ڸ ص          ǵڵǵ 
            Ǩ             Թʹ.
      [] ǵ طڸԵ            ǧڤ Թʹ
           ʾھ һسԵҹ           Թʹ.
      []  ͨک            ʻ ط ҡ
            ڷ           ط ʵ.
      []         آ .
      [] һ Ǩ ص           Եڵ ҷ
           صڵ ǵԯڰ           ʻԻ.
@ԧö:  .,. ͹
      []  Ե            Ǫહ ͹Ҩ
           ءڡíڨ             ⾸ ó".
     ڶ ڵԡڢŵ ԡڢ  - ͹ڵԡ  ⪵ԨڡҨ
⪵Ԫڪ  ŵ ͵. ػڰ⡵ ػڰ. ʻڻʵ
ʻڻ. Ծھ⵵ Թ,  .  ŵ Եڵʵڵ,
¼ҸԤ˵ Ծھ⵵ ͵. ҷҵ  ˵, ǵڵǵٵ
طڷǵڵǵ. ⷵ   .  Ǩ յ
ǨԻ   Ҹһڵҷ  ڶ ⵻  ,
ʾھڶ  ҹ   Ԫڪյ ໵. " ⡨ "Ի
, ǵ.
     ǵҵ Ԩ੷Ǩ, ǵڵ ͵. طڸԵڵ طڸǨ.
Թڵ  .  ͨک¹ڵ  һԻڵ ͭ
Ҹó ͨک ;ص   ҵ ͵. Եҵ 
Ե. - ͹Ҩùڵ ͹Ҩ ͡ڵھ, ͡ó¹ڵ ͵.
       ʻ  ҵ ҳ  ,
   Ե, سǵ ǵ   ҵ,
  ÷   ͤڤǡ, ʾھԵ ػڰ, ͹ 
   ͤڤԡ, øء ⾸,  ʵ˵ڶؾྸ ,
ʵҹ , عڷ  ͤڤ, ԪԵ  ص,
ҷ๹ ԡڢ. ൹ صڵ:-
@ԧö:  .,. Իԡڢ         . ʹڸԵ
      [] " ҳ        ԡ  ڵ
            ڶ          ھطڸ ҡ.
      []        طڸ  Ե
           ǵ  ԡ         ʻ .
      [] -  ҹ      ͤ ͪڬ 
             Ԩ         ҷصڵ.
      [] ҹ            ŧڡ
           عڷ         ԪԵ  ͵.
      [] Ե         ෹Թԡڢ
           ʵڵ ҹ         ͨ صڵ.
      [] ع Ҩ ʹ      š
           ǵڵ         Ԥ صڵ. -
      []   ÷        ͤڤǡ
           ʾھԵ ػڰ     ʻ .
      [] ͹             ͤڤԡ
           ⾸           ⸵ بڨ.
      [] بڨڵ๹  ط      ʵõؤڤ
           Ԫڪůڰ ҡ         ˻.
      [] ʵҹ            
           ǵ ԯڰ          .
@ԧö: - ..  Ұ  ʹڵ
      [] ҡ һԵ         Ż
            ʵ        ڪ.
      [] ҷ           Ե Ҫ
           ࡨ Ծھҹ ඹڵ     ʹڵ  ŧڡ.
      [] šڨء ҹ          ҹǨԵ
            ػԵ         ʹڹصڵ.
      [] ʵԼš ҹ           ԢԳ ҳعڵ
           ڤ          ʤڤڷ.
      [] Ԫڪʹ ҹ         
           ԭڭó         ػڼ̹ڸ.
      [] ʷڸڱèکڵ          һó
           һԵ ػڼ         Ծھ  .
      []   ھط     ͻڻ 
             õ        ҡڢ Ի.
      []   õ         ػڻԻ ͹صڵ
           ʾھ ڵԵ            Եڵ ʾھʧڢ".
     ڶ Ԫڪůڰҵ ǹ - ʳڰԵ Ԫڪŵ . 
˻⵵ ʤ˻ԡڢԵ سڳ . ҡ һԵҵ
µڵԸҡ һԵ.   Żڵ ػطڸʧڢҵ
@ԧö:  .,. ǹ
Եڵʹڵʹڶ Ż .  ʵҵ õڵڻ-
ʧڢҵ үؤ ʵ.  ڪҵ ʵڵڵ⾸Իڢ¸-
 Ե, ԷԵҵ - ͵.
     ҷʹڵ  ʵһڵڤʧڢҵ ҷ Ǫڪ-
ǪڪҡŸšڢڶ Ҫ ҡ ҷ ໵ҵ
͵. Ҫ๵ Ҫ. ࡨյ  ࡨ. Ծھҹ ඹڵҵ
ʾھҡ¡ ʧڢյԡ ʹڵ ͨڨص Ծھҹ ඹڵ
Ԩùڵ.   ŧڡ صڵڻ  Ե ʹڵٵ ͵.
"ԾھҹԻඹڵ, ʹڵ  ŧڡù"Ի , ǵ. ŧڡùڵ
  صڵ.
     šڨء ҹҵ ڨŷŨػطڸ ڨء .
ҹǨԵڵ ءڡڨڬҹǨڸ ڸԵ.  ػԵҵ
ʵڻڭʧڢҵ ػԵ.  ʹڹصڵڵ صڵ
çڤڹҤ ʹڹ ҵ ͵. ʵԼš ҹҵ Ҥҷ-
Իһóڶ ʵԻڰҹšó . ԢԳ ҳعڵڵ
Ǹڶ ԢԳԻʹҭҳعڵǹڵ, ԻʹҭҳԵعڵùڵ ͵,
ʾŹԸڶ  ¤Ǩ¸ ໵ҵ ͵. ڤ
ҵ  ¤Ǩ ػŵŹԵ ڤڭâڤ .
ʤڤڷڵ  šصڵ ʤڤڷڶ,
ʹԦҵڶҵ ͵.
@ԧö:  .,. èԵ
     Ԫڪʹ ҹҵ Ԫڪ ʹ .  
ŵ ڵ ҹ ǯʡ . ԭڭóڵ óڶ
ŧڡáóڶ  ԭڭ . ػڼ̹ڸڵ šصڵ-
ʧڢҵ  . ʷڸڱèکڵ,  һóڵ
ͨڨڵطڸ صڵʵکڵ ʾھҡҵó . һԵ
ػڼڵ »äԹ ͯڰڤԡڤ ػڼ ҵ ͵.
        ï ʵ¹ ʵ ԹԾھ.
ҵ   ԡ. ʡŪھطջ  ʹڹԻԵ ࡡ
dzڳԯڰ ⡯ͤڦ õԨԵڵ ԨԹڶ - ࡡ ͱڲ⡯ͤڦ
;ڵûóڶ  ڵԡҡԨڨ Ź طԨڨ ù
ªؾྸ ٻ.
                    ⻻  Ԩ
                    ʾھʵڵԵ ù
                    Ҫ Ԥ
                    šڷ յ.
ʤҶ ʾھڶ ҡҵ.
                   Ե õڶԹ طڸʯڰ
                      ʻطڸdzڳ ԯڰԵ.
     ͵ڵǵ ʵ طڸҹ طڸdzڳ ʾھҡù ԯڰԵ.
                         --------------
@ԧö:  . èڶ



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=51&A=8375&modeTY=2 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=51&A=8375&modeTY=2 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=33&i=205 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=33&A=8446 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=33&A=11076 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=33&A=11076 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_33

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com