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Atthakatha Book 33 : PALI ROMAN Thera.A.2 (paramatthadī.2)

                  458. 12. Brahmadattattheragāthāvaṇṇanā
      akkodhassātiādikā āyasmato brahmadattattherassa gāthā. Kā uppatti?
      ayampi purimabuddhesu katādhikāro tattha tattha bhave puññāni upacinitvā
imasmiṃ buddhuppāde sāvatthiyaṃ kosalarañño putto hutvā nibbatti, brahma-
dattotissa nāmaṃ ahosi. So vayappatto jetavanamahe buddhānubhāvaṃ disvā paṭiladdha-
saddho pabbajitvā vipassanāya kammaṃ karonto saha paṭisambhidāhi chaḷabhiñño
ahosi. Taṃ ekadivasaṃ nagare piṇḍāya carantaṃ aññataro brāhmaṇo akkosi.
Thero taṃ sutvāpi 2- tuṇhībhūto piṇḍāya caratiyeva, brāhmaṇo punapi akkosiyeva.
Manussā evaṃ akkosantampi naṃ "ayaṃ thero na kiñci bhaṇatī"ti āhaṃsu. Taṃ
sutvā thero tesaṃ manussānaṃ dhammaṃ desento:-
         [441] "akkodhassa kuto kodho     dantassa samajīvino
               sammadaññā vimuttassa        upasantassa tādino. 3-
@Footnote: 1 Sī.,i. adhippetā"ti. tato jhānagahaṇena ca   2 Sī.,i. taṃ sutvā
@3 saṃ. sagā. 15/188/195 akkosasutta

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[442] Tasseva tena pāpiyo yo kuddhaṃ paṭikujjhati kuddhaṃ appaṭikujjhanto saṅgāmaṃ jeti dujjayaṃ. 1- [443] Ubhinnamatthaṃ carati attano ca parassa ca paraṃ saṅkupitaṃ ñatvā yo sato upasammati. 1- [444] Ubhinnaṃ tikicchantaṃ taṃ attano ca parassa ca janā maññanti bāloti ye dhammassa akovidā. 1- [445] Uppajje te sace kodho āvajja kakacūpamaṃ uppajje ce rase taṇhā puttamaṃsūpamaṃ sara [446] Sace dhāvati cittaṃ te kāmesu ca bhavesu ca khippaṃ niggaṇha satiyā kiṭṭhādaṃ viya duppasun"ti imā gāthā abhāsi. Tattha akkodhassāti kodharahitassa maggena samucchinnakodhassa. Kuto kodhoti kuto nāma hetu kodho uppajjeyya, tassa 2- uppattikāraṇaṃ natthīti attho. Dantassāti uttamena damena aggamaggadamathena dantassa. Samajīvinoti kāyavisamādīni sabbaso pahāya kāyasamādīnaṃ vasena samaṃ jīvantassa sattaṭṭhāniyena 3- sampajaññena sammadeva vattantassa. Sammadaññā vimuttassāti sammā aññāya abhiññeyyādike dhamme jānitvā sabbāsavehi vippamuttassa. Tatoeva sabbakilesadarathapariḷāhavūpasamena upasantassa. Iṭṭhādīsu tādilakkhaṇappattiyā tādino khīṇāsavassa kuto kodhoti aññāpadesena thero attano kodhābhāvaṃ tassa ca kāraṇāni vatvā idāni kodhe akodhe ca ādīnavānisaṃsadassanena dhammaṃ kathento "tassevā"tiādimāha. Tattha yo kuddhaṃ paṭikujjhatīti yo puggalo attano upari kuddhaṃ kupitaṃ puggalaṃ paṭikujjhati, tasseva tena paṭikujjhanapaccakkosanapaṭippaharaṇādinā pāpiyo idhaloke @Footnote: 1 saṃ.sagā. 15/188/195 akkosasutta 2 Sī.,i. samucchinnakodhassa kuto nāma @hetu kodhassa tassa tas 3 Ma. santaṭṭhāniyena

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Viññūgarahādivasena paraloke nirayadukkhādivasena abhaddakataraṃ akalyāṇataraṃ hoti. Kujjhanena pana akuddhassa 1- pāpaṃ hotīti vattabbameva natthi. Keci pana "yo akuddhaṃ paṭikuddhaṃ ārabbha kujjhatī"ti atthaṃ vadanti. Kuddhaṃ appaṭikujjhantoti yo pana kuddhaṃ puggalaṃ "ayaṃ kuddho kodhapareto"ti ñatvā na paṭikujjhati khamati, so dujjayaṃ kilesasaṅgāmaṃ jeti nāma. Na kevalaṃ cassa kilesasaṅgāmajayoeva, atha kho ubhayahitapaṭipattimpīti dassento āha "ubhinnamatthaṃ .pe. Upasammatī"ti. Yo paraṃ puggalaṃ saṅkupitaṃ kuddhaṃ "kodhapareto"ti ñatvā taṃ mettāyanto ajjhupekkhanto vā sato sampajāno hutvā upasammati khamati na paṭippharati, so attano ca parassa cāti ubhinnaṃ ubhayalokasukhāvahaṃ atthaṃ hitaṃ carati. Ubhinnaṃ tikicchantaṃ tanti taṃ attano ca parassa cāti ubhinnaṃ dvinnaṃ kodhabyādhitikicchāya tikicchantaṃ khamantaṃ puggalaṃ ye janā dhammassa ariyācāradhamme akusalā, te bālā "ayaṃ aviddasu yo attānaṃ akkosantassa paharantassa kiñci na karotī"ti maññanti, taṃ tesaṃ ayoniso maññananti adhippāyo. "tikicchanan"tipi 2- paṭhanti, tikicchanasabhāvanti attho. Evaṃ therena vuccamānaṃ dhammaṃ sutvā akkosakabrāhmaṇo saṃviggo pasannacitto ca hutvā theraṃ khamāpetvā tasseva santike pabbaji. Thero tassa kammaṭṭhānaṃ dento "imassa mettābhāvanā yuttā"ti mettākammaṭṭhānaṃ datvā kodhapariyuṭṭhānādīsu paccavekkhaṇādividhiṃ 3- dassento "uppajje te"tiādimāha. Tattha uppajje te saceti sace te kammaṭṭhānaṃ anuyuñjantassa kañci puggalaṃ nissāya ciraparicayo 4- kodho uppajjeyya, tassa vūpasamāya:- "ubhatodaṇḍakena cepi 5- bhikkhave kakacena corā ocarakā aṅgamaṅgāni okanteyyuṃ, tatrāpi yo mano padūseyya, na me so tena sāsanakaro"ti 6- @Footnote: 1 Sī. kujjhanena pana kuddhassa,i. kujjhante pana kuddhassa @2 Sī.,i. tikicchantītipi 3 Sī.,i.paccavekkhaṇavidhiṃ 4 Sī.,i. ciraparicariyo @5 pāli. ubhatodaṇḍakenapi ca 6 Ma.mū. 12/232/195 kakacūpamasutta

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Satthārā vuttaṃ kakacūpamaṃ ovādaṃ āvajjehi. 1- Uppajje ce rase taṇhāti sace te madhurādibhede rase taṇhā abhilāso uppajjeyya, tassa vūpasamāya:- "puttamaṃsaṃ jāyampatikā yathā kantāranittharaṇatthameva khādiṃsu, na rasataṇhāya, evaṃ kulaputtopi pabbajito piṇḍapātaṃ paṭisevati .pe. Phāsuvihāro cā"ti 2- evaṃ vuttaṃ puttamaṃsūpamovādaṃ sara anussara. Sace dhāvati te cittanti ayoniso manasi karoto tava cittaṃ kāmesu pañca- kāmaguṇesu chandarāgavasena, kāmabhavādīsu bhavesu bhavapatthanāvasena sace dhāvati sarati javati. Khippaṃ niggaṇha satiyā, kiṭṭhādaṃ viya duppasunti tathā dhāvituṃ adento yathā nāma puriso kiṭṭhādaṃ sassakhādakaṃ duppasuṃ duṭṭhagoṇaṃ yottena thambhe bandhitvā attano vase vatteti, evaṃ satiyā satiyottena samādhithambhe bandhanto khippaṃ sīghameva niggaṇha, yathā kilesavigamena nibbisevanaṃ hoti, tathā damehīti. Keci pana "thero puthujjanova hutvā akkosaṃ adhivāsento tesaṃ manussānaṃ ariyaguṇe pakāsento dhammaṃ kathetvā pacchā dvīhi gāthāhi attānaṃ ovadanto vipassanaṃ vaḍḍhetvā arahattaṃ patvā aññaṃ byākaronto imāyeva gāthā abhāsī"ti vadanti. Brahmadattattheragāthāvaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā. ----------------------


             The Pali Atthakatha in Roman Book 33 page 126-129. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/rm_line.php?B=33&A=2880&pagebreak=1              อรรถกถาบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=33&A=2880&pagebreak=1              อ่านอรรถกถาแปลไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=26&i=358              เนื้อความพระไตรปิฎกฉบับหลวง :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=26&A=6658              พระไตรปิฎกฉบับบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=26&A=6798              The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=26&A=6798              Contents of The Tipitaka Volume 26 http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_26

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