͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ صڵ.. (ڶ.)

˹ҷ .

. Ҥڷصڵdzڳ [] ҹ ˹ڵ Ҥڷصڵ. - ػڵ? ͡ ǵڶ ù ڨ طڸڢع š ࡹ ʸԤ - Ҥڷ ʻһԡ ˵ڵٻ ǵڶ ڶ ڵ ʸ - Է ͭ ǹʳ շ dz حڨ. Ҥڷ» ڶ آǹڶ dz " Է" ໡ڢ - ǹڵ ͵ڵ . յ dzڳdzڳ, ڵ¡ҷ ¹ڵ ڵ. ŷڸ ˵ " dzڳdzڳ ". ǹڵ " յ ҹdz, " Եڵ ػڻ. ͵ڵ . ह ڵ " յ ҹdz ԯ, ŧڡ ԡ, ". ԡ ⸷ࡹ ໵ ǵڶػڼŧڡҷ ŧڡùڵ ԡڢҨ ڻڵ. Ͷ ʸ Գڱ . ൻ յ ˵ Թ⹡ ͤ, ڶ ǹڵ ͷ ࡹڵ ʪڪҹ Գʹڶá ͷڷ. طڸҹڨ ͸ԯҹŹ Թ⹡ ԡ ;ҡ ˹ڵ. . " Գʹڶ", յ. ൹ ҡ Ҥ ڻڪʵյ. @ԧö: .. Ҥڱصڵ .,. ʷ... @ . ʸ ..,. ໡ڢ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

յ? ;ҡ Գʹڶ, - ص⵵. " ڤ ڤ" . ع Ԩùڵ ԡࢻ - " ԡ" յ. ԡࢻ, ʵ " - " ҹ" صڵ ͵ڵ Ҿ ʹڵ :- "õڵ ءڡدԡ د ˵ ͹ءڲԵ ˵ ҹػԵ ǯک Էշ ". - - Իڻ, Ͷ ڵԨ ǹʳڱ Ҥ. šڢԵ ڻһԡڢԵڵ ٻ " ԯ". յ. - حڪʵ, - Ҥ ڻڪ, حڪʵյ ๵ ҹ Ԫڪյ. Ƿڵҹ Գʹڶ շ. Ͷ յ ˵ඹ ˵ ڱ ڢ೹ ˵ඹ ˵ ǹڵ ػʧڡԵ " ھԵ ǭڨ dzڳdz ­ڨ ԡ, ͹بکԡ , ǹڶ " ǵ ʹڵԡ ڵ ҵء - ͯ. ͹ŻԵ ͭ ʷڸ Ż "ҹ ˹" Ҷ . @ԧö: .,. Գʹڶ, ع ʵ൹ - . ԡ @ ⵵ .. /, طڸ / (), .. / @ ..,. ­ڨ - .. ʹڵ @ . , Ԥڤ طػʯ ԡڵ ǵ ҵء

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʵ:- ͪŹø ҹٻҹ ԹԵ ԡҤ øյ ҹ õ äڨ ڷڵڻ ع , Է ԡ صڵʻسڳ ٻ ʵ - ʾھڶ ҷҹ ڼԵ Ԩ, ๹ Եعڵ. [] Ҥڷ "ھԵ ҹ Ծھڶ ھڵ, ­ڨ Ծྻ Ԩک, Էڻ Եڶõ, ԯ" بکԵ ص¤Ҷ. ڶ ͵ҷ õڵ ԾھԵڶõ ʹڸ , Թڵ ͵ڵ յ ʹڸ. ԯԤ ǵ Եڵ - ԯԭڨ ŭڨ ǵڨ Եڨ. ٻڵԭڨ շʹڵ ͵ڵ ٻڵԭڨ շ Ƿյ. [] Ҷ ʪڪبکҹ¹ ǵڵڵ ҡھڸ. Ҷ ʧࢻ:- Ҥڷ ʯԷԯԤ ԹԨکԹԵ "Է ʨڨ " Է Ƿյ ؤڤԵ ˵ ڶ Ԫڪ. ֡ó? ˭ ʹ ԯ ҷչ ڨ ԯ ͤڤ˵ ʨڨҹ ԨԹ ͪڬڵ - Ҥҷչ ʹڵǹ ͪڬڵʹڵʧڢҵ Ծھҹ ͷڷʹڵ. [] ص¤Ҷ ʧࢻ:- ҹҹ ԯԤҹ ʵ ԹԨکԹԵ Եڵ ԹԨکҵ ͵ڵ ڨ ʧڢҷԹ ¹ ڻԵҹ ҵ بڨڵ, ع ԯԤ ͤڤ˵ ͪڬڵʹڵյ ڶ , Ҩԡڢ , ǷԵ - Ե ڵ. - @ԧö: . ʵ .,. ǵҹتԵڵ @ .,. ͪڬڵҹ . ǷԵڵ . Ƿҵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

[] Ͷ ¶ ¹ ػ¹ Ե, ػ ʻڻԻڢ ʹ " ԯ" Ҷ. ڶ " ԯ"ҷ ͯһڵҳžھҹ - ԡڢԻ. "طڸ" ͵ڶ صڵ ʷڷ ʾھڶ ù ʷڸ વ ʾµ "ԯ طڸ " ǷԵ. ¶ ਵڶ, صڵûػ. ڶ ͷԯ ҵ ǵڶء ҷԯ Թ . صҵ ǧڤ ǹ Թ. ͭҳҵ ʡʨڨҹԡҳ Թ. ŵҵ ҵڢ Թ. ;ھҵ صڤǵ Թ. ⹻ ൹һ ͡ࡹ ԯҷڵࡹһ - յ ǷԵ. ʪڪ͹ؤڤҵ ԯҷ ˻ڢ ؤڦҵ೹ ʪڪ ک ͷԯҷ ءڡڢ ͵µһڪ๹ ͹ؤڤ. ʹ ͹ ໵ Իڵ ٻ - ʹ ڢҷ ڨ ͹ ͡ڻ ͻ˵ ͻඵ , - ͪڬڵʹڵյ ͸Իڻ. [] ص Ǩڶšࢹ Ҥڷ " " Ҷ. ڶ ԯҷչ صڵ. ˻ڢҹ ʹڸ µһ . ʷڷ ʷ෹ વ " " ͵ . ˹ڵ ͵, ˹ . ਹڵյ ҹڵ. @ԧö: .. ԯصͯһڵ....... ԯصһڵ...... @ ..,. ԯҷ൹һ ..,.Ҥҷٻ ..,.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

[] Ͷ ԯ بک ԡڢԻ "ԯԭڨ " Ҷ. - ʵ:- Ҥڷ ԯ عڻع بک ҹ ԯԤҹ ؤڤԵҹ, ؤڤ Ҥ, - صڵͪڬڵʹڵ Իڵ ʹ ͳڻ - صڵʭ , ൹ ೹ յ. [] ؤڤ ˹ - Ҥڷ ҷһڵ ʵ Էҹ ͭ Ԥڻ ͵ڵ Ծھҷ ʹ " " Ҷ. ʵ:- Ը๹ ԯ , ൹ ๹ ԯ ൹ ؤڤŹ , ҷ Ը ԡڻ, յ ˵, ⹵ . [] ԭڨ :- ʨڨڵ ʵ Ҷ. ʵ:- չҹԯ ҷ - ԵһڵҷԹ ¹ "Է ʨڨ" ǵڶ - , ࡹ ೹ , " ʨڨ, " ࡹ ๹ ԯ ؤڤŹ . ҷ ճ "ʷ" ǵڵ , Ե÷ǹ ǵڵ Ե ڶ, ҹҷ ࡹ ҷ Իڼҵ. ͡ ؤڤ:- ͡ ҵ Ҷ. @ԧö: . . . ͳعڵ @ . ˹ڵ @ . ҷ . ڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

[] ڶ ͡ ҵ ٻǵڶҷԭҳʡ ڷҤڻ๹ ౵. ͹ࡵյ ҹ - ٻԵڵࡵҷչ, ʹ ù. ͡ؾھ ع ʹڶҹյ ʹڶҹ ͡ù. Ե⵵ ڷҤǹ ʾھ ض. ͻáڢ⹵ µ ͵ڵ ͹ԹԾھ൹. Ԥڤ ๹ ҵ ๹ ʷڸ Ԥڤԡ . :- Ե⵵ Ҷ. [] ڶ յ ԯԤ. - Ե Ԩҵ Ե . ҹ ؤڤ ⤵ "Ҥ õ"ҷԹ - ¹ ҹ ԯԤҹ ؤڤ˵ . ھتڵ ʭ - ھ ҵ گ Ԫ, ڵ صڵ ˵. ¶ Ź ࡹ ٻԵڵڵ ¶ Ź ࡹ ͹ػԵڵ ˵, ع ʹڵ ͤԷ⸵ ͪڬڵʹڵ ع सǹ ͤԷ. ͹ٻԵ⵵ ฻ ͻҷ Ի - ͹ػԵ ˵. [] ԭڨ :- Ƿٵ Ҷ. ڶ Ƿ ԯ- ڤǷ ҷ ԯ ˵, ԯ ک , - ਹ ˵, ڶ Ǩ:- µյ , - óǨ๹ ԯ ҵյԻ ԯ. - ػ¤ Ǩ๹ ԯ - ҵյԻ ԯ. ص ҹյ صٻҷ صһ ҹ @ԧö: .. ʵ . ԯԤҷ @ . . /,/, () . ʭ @ . . ԯҵ . @ . ҵյ , .,. ԯ . ԯ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

͵. ʵ ҷԯʹ ˵ ڻ, ҷ. ع ⹻ ൹ ҵ حʧڢҷԹ ع صطڸҷԹ ൹ ๵ ˵. ͹ٻ ٵ Թڹڻ ػҹ չڵ ʾ ҷԯԹ ͹ػ. Ը:- ʭõڵҵ Ҷ. [] ڶ ʭõڵҵ ๡ڢʭһؾھڤ ǹ չҷʭ. Թ ෹ Ҥص ҹ ͸Ի. صڵҵ Իʹһؾھڤ ǹ ʾھ صڵ Թ ءڢԻ ͸Ի. ʭڨ ԯԭڨ ͤڤ, گҹ - Ԩùڵ ࡵ - ʭҷԡ ʭ ͤڤ, ˯ Ҹԡó, ԯ ͤڤ, ھԵ Ҹԡó ͭ ௹ڵ Ԩùڵյ. ڶ صڵ, صڵҹ ǷԵھ. ʹһ ھԵ ˵ڵ һسٵ. ڶ⪵ԡ طڷ صڵԻҵ Ҥڷصڵdzڳ ԯԵ. ---------------------


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/th_line.php?B=29&A=8561&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=29&A=8561&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=416 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=10222 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=10329 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=10329 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com