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Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ ڤ.. (.)

˹ҷ .

. ҵڤ . صڵڵҪdzڳ [] Էҹ ڵ ҵ ʾھ ҵ ҵ ʧڢԻԵ صڵڵҪ ʹ ҵµҷ. ڶ ҵ Ԩ. ҵµ ԨکԹڹԷʹ. ոҵٵҷ ҵǯ ǯ, ǯ حڭ, حڭ ʵڵⰵ حڭʵڵహ ҵ ոҵ. ⻸ҵҷػ . ڶ ԷԵ ǷԵ:- ոҵٵ ԯڰҹҵ. ⻸ҵٵ Ҿڸҵ. ⪸ҵٵ ԻҨҵ. ¸ҵٵ Եڶҵ. ҡʸҵٵ ڼدڰҵ. ԭڭҳҵٵ Ԫҹҵ. [] ոҵط¹ڵ ոҵ . ոҵ ͡, ͪڬڵԡ෹ ҵҵµ. "͵ڶ ͪڬڵԡ ͵ڶ ". ڶ ͪڬڵԡҵ ʵڵʹڵҹһڹ ¡ڬڵ. ҵ ʧڢʹڵҹһڹ ͹Թڷ¾ڸ. ͪڬڵ ڨڵڵ ໵ ¡ڬڵҸǨ. Էҹ ҡ ʵ ڢ̹ڵҷ صڵ. ڶ ڢ̹ڵ ڸ. Ԥڵ . ڢ̵ڵڵ ڢ. ڢǵ ڢ. ͪڬڵ ػҷԹڹڵ ¡ڬڵʧڢҵ ػҷԹڹ. ػҷԹڹ ïڰ. ïڰ دڰҹ ˵ , ʹڸ ػҷԹڹڻ ͵ڶ ͹ػҷԹڹڻ. ҷԹڹڤԵڰʹ ʾھ໵ ػҷԹڹҵ ʵ "ͪڬڵ ػҷԹڹ" . Էҹ ոҵ ǵڶʹ ʵ ¶շ ҵҷ صڵ. ڶ ¶շڵ Ի. ʵ:- ͪڬڵԡ ոҵ, . ͪڬڵ ڨڵ ڢ , ڵ. ҵҷ ͪڬڵԡ ոҵ ǵڶʹ ʹ. Է صڵ ˵:-

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ͪڬڵ ػҷԹڹ ïڰ ڢ̵ڵšڢ ү¡ ⡯ڰ. . Ը صڵڻ Է - ڶاڤ Ե ڶاڤ ͪڬڵ ػҷԹڹ ïڰ ڢ̵ڵšڢ ү¡ ⡯ڰ. ⻸ҵҷԹԷ - Եڵҷػ . Թ Ե ˵? ҵԡ. ҵԡ Իʹ ڰ໵ صڵڶ ˵ڵ һسԵء ڵھ? ػطڸ ีھ. ڰҹǹ Ԫڬ. ʸԸҹ طڸ صڵ ǷԵھ. طڸŹ ԯڰ ؾھ⾸ ԹڷԵھ. ڻ ԹڷԸҹ طڸ صڵ ǷԵھ. Թڹู ҵԡáڰҹ ؤڤԵھ. Ҩ¹һ ҵԡáڰҹ ؤڤ໹൹ ʵڵԸ ؤڤ Ըڨ ԡ ҨԡڢԵھ. ͹ࡹһ Ҩ ʹڵ ʪڬ Ԫڪ س ڰҹ ҵھ. صڵ ˵ ͯڰ "ҷԡࡹ ԡڢع ó بڨԵء ʵڵҡ ؤڤ ԨکԵ, ҡ ԡ ԨکԵھ". ڶ Ǩ dzڳ ʳڰҹ ͡ Ԩ੷⵵ ʵڵҡ ҵԡáڰ ؤڤ ԨکԵھ. ͹ػؾھ ҵզ ҵʳԡ ԡࢻԾ˹ ڳڵԡڡ ͹ػؾھحڨ šڢ - صڵڵҵ ҡ ԡ ԨکԵھ. ڻ ʵԻڰҹ ʵ. ؤڤԵڰ๹ طڸ ص ͯڰ ʹʹ Ǫવ ڨڤڹҤ ʹ ʹ൹ ͵ڵһ ڨ ҹ§ ڹҤ൹ کڵ Գڱҵԡڡ൹ Եⵡʤ൹ ڰҹ ԡҵھ. ԡù൹ dzڳʳڰҹʡʻԨ੷ʹ ҷ @ԧö: . . // () .. ⻸ҵҷչ Է .. šڢ

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ࡡ⡯ڰ ԡԵ ԡ ǵ൵:- - ʡ˻ǰ ҵ. ڶ ¶ ԡڶ سڰ ԡڶ ҹҵ " سڰԳҹ ҵҹ", һ سڰ೹ ҹڵ " ԡڶ ҵҹ", š˻ǰ ҹҵ " ҵ", һ ҹڵ " š˻ǰ ҵ". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ǰ ҵ. ڶ ¶ حڭڰ ھ حڭڰҹ ҹҵ " ھԳҹ ҵҹ", һ ھԳҹ ҹڵ " حڭڰ ҵҹ", ǰ ҹҵ " ҵ", һ ҹڵ " ǰ ҵ". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ͧڤչ ͤ ҵ. ڶ ¶ ڱ ءڰ ԪڬԵ ̹ ڱ ҹڵ " ءڰԡ Ե", һ ءڰԡ ҹڵ " ڱ Ե", ͧڤ ҹڵ "ҡ ͤ ҵ", һ ҹڵ " ͧڤչ ͤ ҵ". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ڵ ˹ءڰ ҵ. ڶ ¶ DZڲ ҳطءڢ ࡹ ʪ൹ ڸԵ ԻԵ طءڢҹ ҹڵ " @ԧö: طڸ ҸԹԷ ࡵھ

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Ե", һ ҹڵ " طءڢ Ե", ˹ءڰԡ ҹڵ " ڵ ҵ", һ ڵ ҹڵ " ˹ءڰ ҵ". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ڵ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ʡ ¹ڸԵ . ڶ ¶ ⤨¹ڸ ճ ճ ҹҵ " ⤨ ¹ڸ", һ ⤨ ҹҵ " ճ ¹ڸ", ҹҵ " ਹ ¹ڸ", һ ҹҵ " ¹ڸ". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ͯڰʧڦү ͹ڻԵ Ե. ڶ ¶ ڵԡ Եڵ Եڵ - ڵԡ ҹҵ " Եڵ Եڵ" һ Եڵ ҹҵ " ڵԡ Եڵ", - ͯڰʧڦ ҹҵ " ʵڻ෹ ʹ Ե", һ ҹҵ " ͯڰʧڦ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. - þڵ ͯڰչ Ҿڸҹ Ե. ڶ ¶ Թ دگ دگٹ ҹڵ " Թڸҹ", һ ҹڵ " دگٹ Թڸҹ", ͯڰչ @ԧö: - .. Եڵ ҹҵ " ڵԡ Եڵ", һ @ڵԡ ҹҵ " Եڵ Եڵ" ..

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ҹڵ " Ҿڸҹ", һ ҹڵ " ͯڰչ Ҿڸҹ". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ͯڰ ԡڰ ⤻ڼڰ ءڢԻԵ Ե, ⤻ڼڰ ڦڰ ءڢԻԵ Ե, ڦڰ دڰ ءڢԻԵ Ե, دڰ ԯڰ ءڢԻԵ Ե, ԯڰ ԯڰԡگ ءڢԻԵ Ե, ԯڰԡگ ǯڰ ءڢԻԵ , ǯڰ ʯڰ ءڢԻԵ Ե, ʯڰ ǯڰ ԯڰԵ, ǯڰ ԯڰԡگ ԯڰԵ, ԯڰԡگ ԯڰ ԯڰ, ԯڰ دڰ ԯڰԵ, دڰ ڦڰ ԯڰԵ, ڦڰ ⤻ڼڰ ԯڰԵ, ⤻ڼڰ ԡڰ ԯڰԵ. ڶ ¶ ԯڰҷʭڨ ˯ڰ ҹڵ " ػ ػ ءڢԻԵ Ե", һ ػ ػ ҹڵ " ˯ڰ ˯ڰ ԯڰԵ", ԡڰ ҹҵ " ⤻ڼڰ ءڢԻԵ Ե", ⤻ڼڰ ҹҵ " ڦڰ ءڢԻԵ Ե", ڦڰ ҹҵ " دڰ ءڢԻԵ Ե", دڰ ҹҵ " ԯڰ ءڢԻԵ Ե", ԯڰ ҹҵ " ԯڰԡگ ءڢԻԵ Ե", ԯڰԡگ ҹҵ " ǯڰ ءڢԻԵ ", ǯڰ ҹҵ " ʯڰ ءڢԻԵ Ե", ʯڰ ҹҵ " ǯڰ ԯڰԵ", ǯڰ ҹҵ " ԯڰԡگ ԯڰԵ", ԯڰԡگ ҹҵ " ԯڰ ԯڰ", ԯڰ ҹҵ " دڰ ԯڰԵ", دڰ ҹҵ " ڦڰ ԯڰԵ", ڦڰ ҹҵ " ⤻ڼڰ ԯڰԵ", ⤻ڼڰ ҹҵ "

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ԡڰ ԯڰԵ". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ͯڰ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ͯڰԭڪ ͯڰչ ;ڵ Ե. ڶ ¶ ػھҷչ ͹ ڢԵ Թڹǵڵڤҷ ػھҷչ ҹڵ " ǵڵڤҷչ ڢԵڵҹ", һ ǵڵڤҷչ ҹڵ " ػھҷ Եҹ", ͯڰչ ҹڵ "ҡ ͹ ͯڰԭڪ Ե", һ ͯڰԭڪ ҹҵ " ͯڰչ ͹ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ͯڰԭڪ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ǡڡ ү ԡڢ൹ ͡ - ⶡ ڵ Ը Թ๹ Źع ԹԾڸ ص ˷ ԡڢԻԵ Ե. ڶ ¶ dzگػԾ ھŷ dzگ ҹҵ " ھŷ ػԾڸ", һ ھŷ ҹҵ " dz௹ ػԾڸ", Ź ҹҵ " ǡڡ ػԾڸ", һ ǡڡ ҹҵ " Źع ػԾڸ". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ǡڡ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ˷ þڵ ïڰԻڪڬ Ե. ڶ ¶ Գڳʹڷҹԡڪþڵ Ե Գڳʹڷҹԡڪþڵ ҹҵ " Ե", һ ҹҵ " Գڳʹڷҹԡڪþڵ Ե", ïڰ @ԧö: .. ͡Ź

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ڪþڵ ҹҵ " ˷ Ե", һ ˷ ҹҵ " ïڰԻڪþڵ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ˷ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ¡ ͹ Թڹ ҹ ;ڵ ڢԳ Ե. ڶ ¶ ءڢԡŻ Ť ʻԳ ءڢԡŻ ҹҵ " ʻԳ Ť", һ ʻԳ ҹҵ " ءڢԡŻ Ť", ҹ ;ڵ ڢԳ ҹҵ " ¡ Ե", һ ¡ ҹҵ " ҹ ;ڵ ڢԳ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ¡ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. Ԩکڹ ˷­ڨ ǡڡڨ õ Ե. ͻڻԨکڹ ʡ ˯ڰ ¹ڸԵ Ե. ڶ ¶ ŵԡǰ ҹҵ " ŵԡ ǰԵ", һ ŵԡ ҹҵ " ǰԵ", ǡڡ˷ҹ ʡ ҹҵ " ࡹ Ԩکڹ", һ ҹҵ " ǡڡ˷ҹ ʡ Ԩکڹ". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ˡ ˷ طû ڶ Ե. ڶ ¶ ⡯ڰڶ Ե »Գڱ ⡯ڰڶ ҹҵ "»Գڱ Ե", һ »Գڱ ҹҵ "

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⡯ڰڶ Ե", طû ڶ ҹҵ "ˡ Ե". һ ˡ ҹҵ " طû ڶ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ˡ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ڼ þڵ Թڹ ҹڵ ˷­ڨ ¡ڨ ػԨک෵ - ھڵ Ե. ڶ ¶ Գڳ⡯ڰڵ ھ ʡس Գڳ⡯ڰڵ ҹҵ " ʡس ھ ", һ ʡس ҹҵ " Գڳ⡯ڰڵ ھ ", þڵ ҹҵ " ڼ ھҹ Ե", һ ڼ ҹҵ " þڵ ھҹ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ڼ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ͹ڵ ү ڤ¹ þڵ Ե. ڶ ¶ Եⷳԡ تԵ Թڹʸԡ Եⷳԡ ҹҵ " ԡ Ե", һ ԡ ҹҵ " Եⷳԡ - Ե", þڵ ҹҵ " ͹ڵ Ե", һ ͹ڵ ҹҵ " þڵ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ͹ڵ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ͹ڵس ͹ڵڵ ͡ʵ ͹ڵ ڸԵ Ե. ڶ ¶ ҷحکêڪڱš Ծྵ êڪ ҷحکêڪڱš ҹҵ "êڪء Ծྵ Ե", һ êڪء ҹڵ " ҷحکêڪڱš Ծྵ Ե", ͹ڵ ҹҵ @ԧö: . Ԩک෵ . Եⷳ

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"͹ڵس ҾڸԵ Ե", һ ͹ڵس ҹҵ " ͹ڵ ҾڸԵ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ͹ڵس ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ط ط Ե ԵյԵԵ. ڶ ¶ ҹⷳ ҹ ҹⷳ ҹҵ " ҹ ", һ ҹ ҹҵ " ҹⷳ ", ط ҹҵ " ط Ե", һ ط ҹҵ " ط Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ط ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ڡʧڢ ͯڰڤػھʷ ͹ڵ Ե. ڶ ¶ ػ ڷԵ ڢԵڵ ʳ˻ڱڵԡ ػھ ҹҵ " ڱڵԡ Ե", һ ڱڵԡ ҹҵ " ػ Ե", ڡ ҹҵ " Ե", һ ҹҵ " ڡ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ. ڶاڤ ʡ˾ڵ Ե. ڶ ¶ ҳء ڢԵڵ ԯڰԳڱ ء ҹҵ " ԯڰԳڱ Ե", һ ԯڰԳڱ ҹҵ " ء Ե", ʡ˾ڵ ҹҵ " ڶاڤ Ե", һ ڶاڤ ҹҵ " ʡ˾ڵ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ڶاڤ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ոҵٵ.

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ڭڻյ Թ ⡯ڰҷ ͹ؤ ոҵ šڢʹ һ ʵ. ûոҵعԷ µ . ˹ڵ ҵ Ԫҵ Եڵ Ҩ˹ڵ ؾھԸ. ڶ ʪڬ - dzڳ Ի ھ ǡڵ˹ڵ ҹ ʵڵ ҵҹ . Ҥԡ Ԫҵ . ǯگ áٯڵ ճ Եڵҹ . áڢ ضء չ š š ү š - ˹ڵ ͯڰ Ҩҹ . ڨ ҵҹ صڵ. ھ ǡڵ˹ڵ - ҵ ʷڸ ʾھڻ Ը ˹ڵ ǷԵھ. Իٵ ʵԻ. ʹڵ ̵Ի. ʪڬٵ ê. صڵҵ طڷԡصڵ. յ ໵ Ҥ ҷ ⪵ҷ ʾ⾻ . µ dzڳ. ʧ⢵ طڷԡʧ. ҵ ڱ ʵҵҷ ʾھһ . ̹ڵ . êڵ һ. ҵٻڵ dzڳ. Ե⤵ - õڵ. äŹڵ . Գҷ ͹ڵ ҷ» Գ . ͹ ͹ڵ آڱڻ ڰ . ʡڢҵ ؤڤڵ دڰԻڻҳ ھ - ʡڢ . ؤڤڵ ˯ڰ ԡҵ بڨ. ҵ - §ڡԭڨ . յ . ⳵ ͹دڰ ʳڰ˹ ڰ ˵ڶԻڻҳ ڻ , ˵ڶԻڻҳ ڰ ػ ھ . ҵ Թ ůڰԹüҷ ҵ. ͪڬڵԡ ոҵ ҵ Թ ǻ ոҵ ڢ̯హ šڢ ͡ ոҵҵ ʵ. @ԧö: .. ʪڬ .. š .. ǡڵڵ @ . Ե⡵ .. ڻ . , .

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[] ⻸ҵعԷҷ ˯ڰ صڵ ǷԵھ. ⻤ڵҷ Ҿڸʹ . ǧڤڵ - ⻤ . ʹ . - ǧڤڵ - ˤ . ڸڵ ٻҵ ԹԾٻ ڸ. Եڵ ˹ڵҷչԻ dzڳʳڰҹʡʻԨ੷ʹ Ԥڤ˵ ҵ ԡҵھҹ. :- Ե ;ڸԵڵ ԵԹڷ»Ծڸ ʡ ໵ Ե. ڸԵڵ Եڵ Ե. ڶ ¶ ໵ ҹҵ " ໵ Ե", һ ҹҵ " ໵ Ե", ҹҵ ";ڸԵڵ ໵ Ե", һ ;ڸԵڵ ҹҵ " ໵ Ե". ¶ ʷࡹ س ҵ ҵ ҹҵ " ʷ Ե", һ ʷ ҹҵ " ҵ Ե", Եڵ ҹҵ " ڸԵڵ Ե", һ ڸԵڵ ҹҵ " Եڵ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե Եڵ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ Ҿڸҡ ⻸ҵٵ. ͡ڶûڻҳ - طû Ե. ڶ ¶ ػʭڪҵ༳ػ ڷԡ ڷԡ ҹҵ " ༳ػ - Ե", һ ༳ػ ҹҵ " ڷԡ Ե", طû ҹҵ " Ե", һ ҹҵ " طû Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ Ҿڸҡ ⻸ҵٵ. @ԧö: .. ڵ .. ڹʹ ڹ. ػԻ @ .. ڹ ڵ . ͡ڵûڻҳ @ .. ༳.... ػԻ

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ؾ ͹Ծ⸡. µڶ µ ҳءگڻóͤڤԪҷ ûڻ Ե ʳڰԵ ڨ, ڱ̡ҷ ػڻڪڵ, ڶ ԯڰ. ڶ ¶ ػڻҷʹ ڦԵ ء ءڢ ػڻҷԻڻ ҹڵ " ", һ ҹҵ " ءڢ ػڻҷԻڻ ", ҳءگҷ ˯ڻ ҹڵ " ؾ ", һ ؾ ҹҵ " - ". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ؾ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ Ҿڸҡ ⻸ҵٵ. Ե - óԵ ;ڸԵڵ ʡ ໵ Ե. ʹڹԨԵԵ ¡ڰҹ ˯ڰҤ õ ͡ڶóڵ - ǡڡ˷¡ڼҹ ڵ Ե. ڶ ó ;ڸԵڵʷ - ԹԨک. Ե ¶ ڪáů ط ˯ڰ űڱآڱҷչ - űڱآڱҷչ ҹڵ " طࡹ ҹ - Ե", һ ط ҹҵ " űڱآڱҷչ ", ¡ ˯ڰҤڰҹ ǡڡҷչ ҹڵ " Ե Ե, ҹ Ե", һ Ե ҹҵ " ¡ ˯ڰҤ õ ǡڡҷչ ҹ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ Ե Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ Ҿڸҡ ⻸ҵٵ. ͤڤʹڵһҷԡ ٻҹ õ ԯڰ ڦõ . ڶ ¶ ط ;ھ šط̡ @ԧö: . ҳءگҷ . .. ͡ڶóڻҳ @ . ;ڸԵ .....ڱҹ . ҹ

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ҷԡһҹ ҹڵ " ط ڦõ", һ ҷԡһ ڦùڵ ط ҹҵ " ҷԡһ ڦ", ٻҹ ҹڵ " ڦõ", һ ҹҵ " ٻ ڦ". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ Ҿڸҡ ⻸ҵٵ. ʡ Ե ڦҷչ ڶԹڹ. ڶ ¶ ԷڷԻŵԡԨک ʻح ʻح ҹҵ " ԷڷԻŵԡ Ե", һ ԷڷԻŵԡ ҹҵ " ʻحڪ Ե", ʡ ڦҷ ҹҵ " ", һ ҹҵ " ʡ ڦҷ ". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ڶԹڹ ڶԹڹ Ҿڸҡ ⻸ҵٵ. · ʭڪµ, ͡ڢԡٻ õ ԯڰ ڦõ . ڶ ¶ طس سůڰԡٻ سůڰԡٻ ҹڵ " ط Ե", һ ط ҹҵ " سůڰԡٻ Ե", ͡ڢԡٻ ҹڵ " Ե", һ ҹҵ " ͡ڢԡٻ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ Ҿڸҡ ⻸ҵٵ. ͤڤʹڵһҷԡ ˵ڶ˵ڶԯڰԻҷŻҷԯڰԹʻدүʡ Եչ. ڶ ¶ ڢԵڵ Ҩ Ҩ ҹҵ

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" ͪ⬵ڶԵ Ե", һ ҹҵ " Ҩ ͪ⬵ڶԵ Ե", ˵ڶҷԻڻ ҹҵ " ͪ⬵ڶԵ Ե", һ ҹҵ " ˵ڶҷԻڻ ͪ⬵ڶԵ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ Ҿڸҡ ⻸ҵٵ. ػڻڵԻڨ ʵ Ż Ե ԯڰ. ڶ ¶ ;کԹڹطʹ յáٻ ٻ ҹҵ " ط ʹڵԯڰ", һ ط ҹҵ " ٻ ʹڵԯڰ", ҵ ҹҵ " Ż Ե ", һ ҹҵ " Ż Ե ҵ ". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ Ҿڸҡ ⻸ҵٵ. ԧڦҳԡ · ʭڪµ, ʻ õ ԯڰ ڦõ . ڶ ¶ ٵԷԵ Իڻԡ Իڻԡ ҹҵ " ٵԷ Ե", һ ٵԷ ҹҵ " Իڻԡ Ե", ʻد ҹڵ " ԧڦҳԡ Ե", һ ԧڦҳԡ ҹҵ " ʻ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ԧڦҳԡ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ Ҿڸҡ ⻸ҵٵ. ԡ ͯڰԡʹڸչ ;ڪԨڨ Ҹҹ յʵʹڸ Ե. ڶ ¶ žڪ ͡ ͡ ҹҵ " ;ڪԵ Ե", һ ҹҵ " ͡ڢ ;ڪԵ Ե",

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յʵʹڸ - ҹڵ "ԡ ;ڪԵ Ե", һ ԡ ҹҵ " յʵʹڸ ;ڪԵ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե ԡ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ Ҿڸҡ ⻸ҵٵ. صڵ ǵڶ ;ڵ Ե. ڶ ¶ ڷԡ ڢԵ dz dz ҹҵ " ڷԡ ", һ ڷԡ ҹҵ " dz ", ǵڶ ҹҵ " صڵ Ե", һ صڵ ҹҵ " ǵڶ Ե". ͭڭڭ ڨǡڢԵ . Ե صڵ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ Ҿڸҡ ⻸ҵٵ. ҵ ⡯ڰ ⻸ҵ ʹڸ صڵ. ⻸ҵعԷ Ԩڨ Ծھ . ڸҷػ . ҷչ ҡ. ¶ ʪڪԡڢһ, Ը ڶ, §ڡԭڨ . ػ . ҹյ үҷ Եطҹ. ͹ڵԡڢҹյ ͻڻڵҹ ʷҹ. ҵ ڻԹʡطʹڸáطҷչ Ը һڰҹ ԯڰҹ. [] ⪸ҵعԷ ൪ʹ . ڵ ⪤. ҵ سҡ. ڵ Ҥ. ڵ ڱ. ڵ . ¹ ҵ ¹ - ⪤൹ ػڻ൹. ʹڵڻյ ʹڵڻ, ͡ԡҷǹ @ԧö: .....ʹڸ. ػԻ .. -ʷ ʵ

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˵. ¹ µյ ¹ - µ, - Թڷǡŵ Żԡڢ ԵԵҷǭڨ - һسҵ. ¹ Ա˵յ ¹ - ػڻ൹ ˵, ؤڤ յ ڷ ʵ⸵ʻڻյڷҷŻ dzگҵڨ ڨʵ. ¹ ԵյԵԵ Գ کյ ๵ Ե ͷҷ յ ҹҷ Ե ԯڰڪҷ Ե ھڡؼҳԵҷ Իҡ ک, ҷǹ ǡ کյ ͵. ͵ڶ ⪸ҵ دڰҹ, ک دڰ. ǵڶ dzڳ. - Է ԡԸҹ:- Ը ԡڢ "¹ ʹڵڻ, ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ԻҨҡ ⪸ҵ" ԡõ. "¹ µ, ¹ Ա˵, ¹ ԵյԵԵ Գ ک, ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ ԻҨҡ ⪸ҵ" ԡõ. ҵ ҡ ص ͵ڶ, һڰҹ ԯ. ⪸ҵعԷ ڰ Ԩڨ ڪ ڰػҷ ͤڤ ڰڤ . ʡԡڤҷػ . ʧڡäڤյ ʧڡڲԵ һ ͤڤ äڤ. Թڷڤյ ʹͤڤ. ͤڤʹڵ⻵ յکԵڤҹ - ʹڵ. ʹڵ⻵ ҵ. ڰʹڹԨʹڵ⻵ ڰԯڰ ʹڵ. ػ . ҵ ໵ڤԡڻԹʡڤԹ¤ڤҷ Ը һڰҹ ԯڰ. [] ¸ҵعԷ ¹ʹ . ڵ ¤. Եڵ ٻҵ ԹԾٻ Ե. طڸڤ ҵҵ @ԧö: .. -ʷ ʵ . µ. ػԻ .. ԻԵҷ... @ .. dzڳ .. յڨԵڤҹ

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ؤڤԡڡҷԻǵڵ - طڸ ˹ҵ. ⸤ ҵҵ بڨûҷԹó ˹ҵ. بک ҵҵ ͹ڵҹ ҵ. ⡯ڰ ҵҵ ͹ڵҹ ͹ҵ. ͧڤڤҹ ҵҵ ժҹù ʡ ͧڤڤҹ ͹ʯ ԭڪóҷԹԾھڵ ҵ. ʵڶҵҵ ʹڸԾڸҹ ڵ Թڷڵ ǵڵҵ. áҵҵ ù ˷ Źҵ. - ػڻšҵҵ ˷ ػڻүҵ. ʵ ͹⵻ʹԡ ʵ Թԡڢԡ. ͵ڶ ʾ دڰҹ, ʻ Եڵدڰҹ. ڶ dzڳ. Է ԡԸҹ:- Ը ԡڢ طڸڤҷ طڸ ҷʹ Ԥڤ˵ "طڸڤ ҵ ү¡ ⡯ڰ ਵ ;ҡ ح ʵ Եڶҡ ¸ҵ" ԡõ. ػ . һҵ ⡯ڰ ͹ؤ ҵ Ը һڰҹ ԯڰ. ¸ҵعԷ õڶ ҵҵ õڶ Ҥ ҵ. کصڵ÷ڢػ . ê ҵҵ હ ê. ê ҵҵ êԵ طڸ ê . յҵ յصدڰҹ յˡڵ دڰԵ. سҵ سصدڰҹ س˾ˡڵ دڰԵ. Եڵҵ ڷҵ ءҵ. - ͸ڵҵ ҵ. ҵ ̾ˡڵ دڰԵ. ; dz ˵, ͵ ͸ǨڵԻ . ҵҵ ª ػ ¹ҵ. ڢҵҵ ͹ڵ ڢԡ» ڢ˹دڰԵ ҵ. ػڳҵҵ ҵ. ڨ ڢҵ, ʷʹ Ե. dzگҵҵ @ԧö: . ؤڤԡڡҷ... .. Źҵ .. ڷ ءҵ

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Ż ͭ୹ ࡹ ڱʳڰ๹ دڰһԵ ҵ. Ըٻҵҵ ժڵࡹ دڰһԵ ҵ. ҹ dzگԸٻҹ ͹ػڻڹڻ ҵ ػڻ෹ڵ, ػڻڹڻ ǵ൹ڵ. ҵ Ը Ҥ ໵ ҵ һڰҹ ԯڰ. [] ҡʸҵعԷ ͻڻԦگహ ʵյ ҡ. ҡ ҡ ڵ ҡʤ. ͦگµ ͦ. ͦ ͦ ڵ ͦ. õ ͹ڵ. ڵ ä. ڼدڰ յ ʯ. ڳکԷڷڵҷ ʹ. ڶ ڳکԷڷڵ ڳ Էڷ ڼدⰡ. ػ . ¹ҵ ¹ ù ͵ Եҷ ͪó ͪõ, ͹ ʵ. µڶҵ ͹طûʧڢ ͡ ͵ ؾھԸ ͪó ԯڰ. ¹ҵ ¹ ù ʾھ໵ Իڡ ʯ һڹ ԡڢ, طû ڤ ԷڶԨçڤڵ Էڷ ڼدڰ ʯ ҡʸҵٵ ǷԵھ. ҵ ͵ڶ ڵ ʹڵ عڵ ͯڰԹڵ ڵùڵ Է ʾھ һڰҹ ԯڰ. áҡʸҵعԷ ڼدڰ յ ʯ ԵڵԩԷڷүԷڷҷԡ ǷԵھ. Թ ҡ ԡ ùڵ ءڡڨڬҹҹ ػڻڪڵ Ե. [] ԭڭҳҵعԷ ڢԭڭҳʧڢҵ ҵ ڢԭڭҳҵ. ػ . Ե ҵ ԤڤԵ ͯڰ ҵ ԤڤԵ ˹ڵ. ? ¸ҵؤڤ೹ ⼯ڰھҵ Ե ˵, ⻸ҵҡʸҵؤڤ೹ ҵ,

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ԭڭҳҵؤڤ೹ èԡکҨԡڵ ⹸ҵ Ե ˵. ڢԭڭҳҵҷ ص Ҥ, Ե ʵھ. ڢԭڭҳҵؤڤ೹ ٵ ڢظҵ ٵ ٻҵ Ե ˹. ʵԭڭҳҵҷԤڤ೹ ʵҵҷµ ͯڰʻ Ե ˹ڵ. ҵ ٻԤڤ ˵, ʵڵ ٻԤڤ, ҵ ٻԤڤ ٻԤڤ. Ե ͱಡҷ ҵ ٻԤڤ, ͱڲڰҵ ٻԤڤ˵ ٻٻԤڤ ˵. ٻٻ ڨڢڸ ʵھ, - ˵ ءڢʨڨ, دڰһԡ طʨڨ, Թڹ ͻڻǵڵ øʨڨ, ڻҹ - ڤʨڨڵ Է ʨڨڰҹ ͯڰʸҵʹ Թԯڰ ԡڢ ˵ڵ ڶ ໵ Ԥ Եڵ ǷԵھ. [] Էҹ ص©ڡ ʹ ͻһ ҵµҷ. ڶ آҵ ءڢҵٵ »ڻҷǵڶءҹ آءڢҹ ʻڻԻڢʹ ؤ̡ Եҹ. آ ءڢ Ի, ءڢ آ. µڵ ࢹ Եڰҹ, ڵ ءڢ õ. µڵ ءࢹ Եڰҹ, ڵ آ õ. ʸҵ ʸҵٵ Էڻ ؤ̡ . ʭ Ի, . µڵ ʹ Եڰҹ, ڵ õ. µڵ ʹ Եڰҹ, ڵ õ. ໡ڢҸҵ ԪڪҸҵٵ Է - ԡڢʹ ؤ̡ . ڻ ˵ ٵڵ ԡڢ ˵. ڶ آءڢҵؤڤ೹ ڻصڵ ԭڭҳҵ ǵڶٵ ¸ҵ ٵ ⼯ڰھҵ Ե ˹ڵ. ʸҵؤڤ೹ ڻصڵ ԭڭҳҵ @ԧö: .. ʵ .. ҹ ..

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Ե ˵. ԪڪҸҵؤڤ೹ ҵ Ե. ໡ڢҸҵؤڤ೹ ڢʵҹԭڭҳҵ⹸ҵ ǵڶٵ ڢظҵٻҵҷ Եҵ ͯڰʻ ҵ Ե ˹ڵ. Էҹ ҵ ٻԤڤ˵ҷ ʾھ ˯ڰ صڵ ǷԵھ. ڻ ͡ ԡڢ ˵ڵ ڶ ໵ Ԥ Ե ˵յ ǷԵھ. ڶ آҵ, ԡ ҵڵҷչ ˯ڰ صڵ. [] © ǵڶء ʡ . ڶ ʡ ʹڸ صڵ ҵ ҵ, Եڡʵ . ǵڶء ʹڸ ҵ ҵ, Ǩøҹ . һҷصڵ ҵ һҷҵ, һҷԵڡʵ . һ ҵ һҷҵ, Ҧҵǵڶء Ԧʵ . һصڵ ҵ Ҹҵ, Եڡʵ . ҵ Ҹҵ, ʵڵ˰ʵ - . ڻ ˯ڰ ͹Ҥڵ ͵ڶҷҤ ǷԵھ:- ʹڵ ͵ ʵ, ʹ ͵ ʵڵҹڵ . ˰šڢ سһԻڢšڢ . ʹڵ ؾྤ ʡʹڵ سԷڸʹ . ءڢµڨػڰҹ, Ԧڰҹҵ ǷԵھ. ๡ڢ بڨ ԡڢڵڵ , ԡڢڵڵ ڬҹ, ʾھҡ ԡڢڵڵ ʾھ. ๡ڢصڵ ҵ ๡ڢҵ, ๡ڢԵڡʵ . ๡ڢ ҵ ๡ڢҵ, ʾھһ ʵ . ;һҷصڵ ҵ ;һҷҵ, ;һҷԵڡʵ . ;һ ҵ ;һҷҵ, ڵµ . һصڵ ҵ Ҹҵ, Եڡʵ . ҵ Ҹҵ. سµ . @ԧö: .. ʵڵʹʵ

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[] Էҹ ǵڶ ʵ ڶ ҵٵ Ҫ ÷ڸ. ڶ ص⵵ ڻ¤ʹ ص. Ե⡵ҷչ صڵڶ. వյ ี ءڢ໵. ˰ҵ ҳԻڻҷ Ҹ ءڢػڻҷ. ˰ ˰. ʹڵ ͵ҵ ʹ. ʹ ʹ. ʹҵ گ. ʹҵ Ǧگ. ʾھڶ ػʤह - DZڲԵ. ػ˹ڵ ൹ҵ ػ, ػ ٻ. ڵ¹ڵ ͵ҵ ڵ. ڵ¹ҡ ڵ¹. ڵ Ե ڵڤ ڵԵڵ. һ෹ صڵ ਵ صڵ صڵ. ͵ڶ ػûڻڵһ ͻڻһڻڵһ - ڵ Ե, ک ͻڻһڻڵ. س¹ڵ ͵ҵ س. س¹ҡ س¹. س Ե سڤ سԵڵ. صڵ ਵ صڵ صڵ. Ըһ ػûڻ ǷԵ. µڶһ ҹ ڵ سҵ صڵʹڶ صڵ. ͵ڶ Ե ʵػ ػڻڪ ʧڢػ. µڶ ػڻ⹻ . һ ʵ ػڻ Թڷ, Ե. » . ͵ڶ ؾھԸ ʾھʧڤԡ Թڹ . ҵؤڤ೹ һҷҸҵ» Ե. ҵ Ե Ե ǻ ͵ Եҵ ǵڶ ʾھʧڤԡ. ໵ һҷҸҵ ʾھһ ҵҵ Թڹ . ๡ڢҵؤڤ೹һ ;һҷҸҵ Ե. ๡ڢҵ Ե Ե ڻ Եڵ ڶһ ʾھʧڤԡ. ໵ ;һҷҸҵ ๡ڢҵٵ Թڹ . @ԧö: . ʾھڶ ػʤह, . ʾھڶ ػʤह . ͻڻһڵһ

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ҵ ԤڤԵ ͯڰ ҵ ԤڤԵ ˹ڵ. ʾھһ ҵ ҵ Ե Ե ž໵ھ - ͯڰ ҵ ˹ڵյ Գڳ ڡҹ ʹ ͯڰ ˹ڵ. ڻ ͤڤ˵ ࡡ صڵ - ͯڰ ͯڰ ʾھҹԻ ҹ ͯڰʡҹ ͡ڬ ʧڢԻԵһ - ͯڰ ˹ڵյ ǷԵھ. Ե صڵڵҪ ʸҵ Ǩ, ԡҵ ڶ ʹ - ⵵ ǷԵ. صڵڵҪdzڳ ԯڰԵ. -------------


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/th_line.php?B=54&A=1401&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=54&A=1401&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=35&i=114 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=35&A=2064 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=35&A=2068 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=35&A=2068 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_35

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