͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ ڨ.. (ڶ.)

˹ҷ .

Ըԯ ǵڶdzڳ -------- ھطڸ. Թ š ʧڦáڢ ǡ š ʵڶ ͻڻԻؤڤ. ʾھڭڵԡ ڭڵԻԷջ ǵ ؤڤŻڭڵ صڵؤڤ. ؤڤšҷչ ҹ ǵڶ ǵڶػڻó ʧ໹ . ҵԡҰ Ե ڤԻص൹ ڵ յ. Էҹ ڻ ͵ڶdzڳҡڡ dzڳ سҶ Եҵ. Էҹ үҹԭ Էʻ Ԩکڵ ڱءھ ػڵ ҵ ʡڢ ǻ Ը ඹ ʧڤڤҵءһؤڤŻڭڵԻڻóҹ Ե ǵڶʹ ڻ "͹Ҥ һ ڤԻصڵʵ ػڻڹ ʹ ี ʧڤյ ù ԡڢ

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Թ ʡ ڨ صڵʵҹ ڨ صڵʵҹյ صڵҹ - ๵ ó ʵ" ʡ ù ؤڤ Թڹ ڨҹ ʹ ͯڰآ ҷصڵ, ҷ ʾھ ڻسڳҳڵ ڵ ҵԡ . Ͷ Ը Եڶù ඵ صڶ dzڳêʻҹҹ - ¹ ʻ๹ š ʧڡʹ ʵڵԵ ڻ෹ ǵء ͹ػҷ Ծھҹҵ ԹԾھ. Ͷ ҡʻڻ դ ͪҵʵڵҪҹ ˵ Թ ʧڤ - . ʵ ͨڨ¹ ǪڪԻصڵ ԡڢ ǵڶٹ ջ, ҹ ص ҡڱ ص ʵ عҤصڵ ʡ - Ҫҹ ˵ ҷʹڹ ԡڢʵҹ ͹ڵ ʵڵ ʵҹ بڨԹԵ ҹ ǵڶٹ ڷԵ Թ ʧڤ . ʧڤˡ ԤڤԵ ǪڪԻصڵ ԡڢ ڢ ҹ ͵ڵ ͹ٻ ؾھŻڢ Ե ԡҨ¡ ͡. ԪڪԵ ͻҹ Ҩ¡ҹ ҵҹ ⤡ԡ ͡ԡ . ⤡ԡԡ ԪڪԵ ͻҹ Ҩ¡ҹ ҵҹ ڳڵҷ ԡ - . صԡҵԻ . ͹ڵ ਵҷ ͻ Ҩҷ ػڻڹ. ԡҨ¡ ص ڨҨ¡ҹ ػڻڹҹ, ҹ ʷڸ ˹ڵ. @ԧö: .. صڵ ......ʻҹ . ʧڤյ @ .. ʡ ..

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ص ҷ ԪڪԵ Ҩҷ ػڻڹ ʡ - ǪڪԻصڵ . ڶ ǪڪԻصڵҷ ԪڪԵ ͻ ڵ Ҩҷ ػڻڹ صڵ ҹԡ ڹҤԡ Եҵ. ع ص ʡҷ ԪڪԵ ʾھڶԡ- ҷ - صڵԡҵ Ҩҷ ػڻڹ. ع ʾھڶԡҷ ԪڪԵ ʻԡ ҵ. ʻ Թ ͻ ʧڡڵԡ ҵ. ʧڡڵ Թ صڵҷ ҵҵ ҷ ԪڪԵ ͡ҷ Ҩҷ ػڻڹ, ʷڸ ҷ ˹ڵ. Ե ҷ ԡҹڨ Ҩҷҵ ʾ ͯڰ Ҩҷ ص ػڻڹ. ͯڰʹԡҵԻ ͯڰҨ¡ҹյԻ . ʵڵ ҷ Թڹ, Թڹ⡵ ǷԵ. صڵڻ ਵ ջ:- "ԡڡڲԵ һԡڢ ǪڪԻصڵ ͭڭ ڢ Եҹ ͸ҷ . Ҥڵ ͡ ʧڤ ʧڤյ ʧڤյ بڨ. ʧڤյԡ ԡڢ ͡ ԹڷԵ ʧڤ ͭڭ ͡ ʧڤ. ͭڭ ʧڤԵ - صڵ ͭڭ ͡ ͵ڶ ڨ Թڷ Թ ԡ ڨ. @ԧö: . ʡ .. ʾھڶҷ .. ʧڤԵ

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Եڨһ ԻڻԵ յڶ µڶ ͪҹԵҹ ԡڢ. ͭڭ ʹڸ Ե ͭڭ ͵ڶ ­ڪک ԡڢ ͵ڶ Թ . ౵ҹ ͡ صڵ Թ¤ ٻ صڵ Թ ڨ ͭڭ . ͵ڶطڸ Ը ڻó Էڨ Է ͡ʭڨ ҵ. ͵ڵ Եҹ - ͭڭҹ ͡ ԧڤ ԡڢ ҡڻóҹ . - ԪԵ - ڨ ͭڭ ͡ ؾھڤ Թڹҷ ʧڤյԡá. ʭڨ ͹ءù Թڹҷ ͻá ͪ¶. ⤡ԡ ͡ Ը ԪڪԵڶ ԡڢ ⤡ԡҹ ͻá ¶. صԡ ڭڵ Ը ԪڪԵڶ ԡڢ ਵ عҷ ʧڤյ. ڨҷ ʾ ʧڤյš ͵ڶ ڨ Թڷ ͡ʭڨ ʧڤ. @ԧö: . ʪવҹ, .. ʪڪԵҹ .. ҡڻóҹ @ .. Ե

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ڶڨ ͡ʭ ౵ ͭڭ ͡ ԧڤ ԡڢ ҡڻóҹ . ԪԵ ڨ ͭڭ ͡ طڸҷ ع ͪ¶. ʡ ǪڪԻصڵ Ը ԪڪԵڶ ԡڢ ǪڪԻصڵҷ ظ ͪ¶. صڵԡ ҹԡ ڹҤԡ Ե ʡҹ ͻá ͪ¶. ʾھڶҷ صڵ Ը ԪڪԵڶ ԡڢ ʾھڶҷҹ ʻԡ ʧڡڵԡʻࡹ . ʧڡڵԡҹ صڵҷ ͹ػؾྐྵ Ԫڪ ͡ҷ ҷ Թڹ ҷ. ͵ڶ ڨ Թڷ ͡ʭڨ ʧڤ ڶڨ ͡ʭ ౵ ͭڭ ͡ . ԧڤ ԡڢ ҡڻóҹ ԪԵ ڨ ͭڭ ͡ . ʵڵ Թڹҷ ͡ Թڹ ʾǯڰ ˹ڵ Թڹ෹ . ء ҷҹصڵ ͹ٹ ͹ԡڨ Թʹ.

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ʹڵ - ءڢ Ծھڵ ҷʡ ڶ ص ʵڵ Թڹ ʵڵ ҷ ػڻڹ Թ". ͻһ ǵԡ Ҫԡ Էڸڶԡ ؾھ ͻ Ҫҵ ͭ୻ Ҩҷ ػڻڹ, Ը ͹Ի໵. ҹڻ ͯڰʹڹ Ҩҷҹ ʹ ǵڵ ŷڸʷ Ҫ طڸ٪ ʵ, ٪ ʵ, ٪ ʵ, ͵ڵ Ҩ ڸ ʵ, ʪڪڶ ʵʹڵ ڨʵҹ Ԩڨ ʡڡ ǵ. Եڶ Եʡڡ - ͹ڵ ʨکҷڻ - ڵ ʡڡ ڶҹ ԡڢ ھԵ ʡҹ ʡҹ ԯڰԤҹ " , Թ, Է ʵڶʹ" ໹ڵ. ھڪ ҹһ ԹڷԵ ҹ ǵڶҹ ͨک෵ Ԩùڵ ʶҷԡó ڬ ʹڵ, ԡڢহ Թ¹ ʵڶ๹ Ԥڤҹһ Թҹ Իڵ ʳڰ˹ڵ ๡ٻ ʹ ;ھطڨ ŭڨ گڨ دڰ໹ڵ. ࡨ ͤڤ Ԩùڵ, ࡨ ڨҵ ڵ, ࡨ ҷԨڨ ͹ػǵڵڵ, ࡨ "ڨ Թ­ڨ Թڷ" ڤ. ԡڢ ʷڸ ʶ ó ͡, ʡ ʵڵ ҹ ػکԪڪ. @ԧö: . گ .. ˵ʡڡ .. ʨکҷڵڻ

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Ҫ "ҳ " ⵻ õ ʡڢ, ͭڭڶ ؤڤԵԹ Ź ਹ ԡڢ Ե û Իڻ , ڨ Իڻ ڨ ػڻڹ ;ھط ٻء " ͵ Ծ" بکԵ "ڤԻصڵʵ Ҫ" ص Ǩ๹ ⸤ڤһھ - ໵ ԷڸԻү·๹ ҹǹ - ԾھԨԡԨ ͵ڵ ءڡبڨ بکԵ Իڻ ٻ. û Ҫ ʹ ʵڵ ҹ ؤڤ, ؤڤԵ ʵڵ ʡ ԡڢ ʹڹԻҵ໵ ҳԻҡ ԡڢԻ໵ ҳԻҡùڵ Թ ͡ŷڸ ͡ŷڸ ԡڢ ͡ ͡ õ ͡ ԡڢ ໵ بک " ҷ ھط". ʵҷ "ʵҷ". ͡ڨʵԡ, ͹ڵҹڵԡ, ԡࢻԡ, ͸Ԩڨ- ػڻڹԡ, ʭڭҷ, ʭڭҷ, ʭڭչʭڭҷ, ب੷ҷ, ԯڰԾھҹҷ "ԯڰԾھҹҷ" . Ҫ ؤڤԵڵ " ԡڢ, ͭڭԵڶ " ʵҹ ǵڶҹ ػڻھ, ʾྻ ʯڰ . Ͷ ԡڢ ໵ بک "ҷ ھط". ڪҷ Ҫҵ ص Ҫ بک "ڪҷ ھط". Ҫҵ. Ҫ "طڸҹ ʹ, õ ԡڢ ʶ" áڢ . ʹڹԻԵ ʶ ͡, ʹڹԻ ʯڰԡڢʵҹ . Ҥ ڤԻصڵʵ ҹ ػڻڹҹ ǵڶٹ ҹ @ԧö: .. ˤڤһھ . ҹ

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µ ػڻڪʹڵ, ʾڻ Ծ˹ڶ ʵڶ Թڹ Ҥ൹ Եҵԡ ʡ ڨ صڵʵҹ ڨ صڵʵҹյ صڵҹ Ե ûڻҷ µšڢ ǵڶػڻó . ʯڰʵʧ ԡڢ بڨԹԵ ԻԯµڵԸҹ Թڹ- Էҹ ԡڢٹ ˵ ¶ ҡʻ ʵ ڨ Թ­ڨ ʧڤ, ʧڤ¹ ʹ ี ʧڤյ ͡. ڶ Ը ʧڤ¹ ¶Ե ó ʧڤ . ൹ صڵ:- " ؤڤšҷչ ҹ ǵڶ ǵڶػڻó ʧ໹ . ҵԡҰ Ե ڤԻص൹ ڵ յ. Էҹ ڻ ͵ڶdzڳҡڡ dzڳ سҶ Ե". Էҹ ԯڰԵ. ----------

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. ؤڤš . طڸʨکԡڰ . ͹ڨաdzڳ ʨکԡڰdzڳ بڨ. [] ڶ ؤڤ ػž ʨکԡڰඹҵ بک. ڵҵ Ԫҹ. بک, Ԫҹҵ. ءҵ ǵڵھ. ǵ ҹڻҹ ŷڸչ ʸڶ ڵʹ ҵԡ Ե, ù ʵڶ Թڹ ڵ ڵ. µڵ ͵ڶ ҷڤ Ե, ڵ - ʷڸ ෹ Ԥڤԡ . ʹൻ ҹ ͵ڶ آǸóڶ ʡҷջبک ҷջԭڭ ҷջبک ʡҷջԭڭҵ Ҥ ʵ ͵ڶdzڳ . ؤڤ ػž ʨکԡڰඹҵ ʡҷջبک. " ͵ڶ ؤڤŵ ŷڸԡ ؤڤҷ, بکԵھ" ໵. ؤڤҷ⹵? ǪڪԻصڵ Ե Էڸ ͭڭԵڶ. ڶ ؤڤŵ ͵ڵ ʵ . ػžյ ڭ ػڵ ž, µյ ͵. ʨکԡڰඹҵ ͵ڶ ʨکԡⰵ ըҷ ٵҡù ͤڤ˵ ٵ. ⶵ ͹ҷʹ ͤڤ˵ صڵ. ¹һ "ؤڤ ػž ʨکԡڰඹ, ٻڨ ػž"ҷԹ @ԧö: .. ҷ

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ڸµҵԹڷʹ ʵڵڭ ڻ , ¶ ൹ ǯహ ػž, ؤڤ ػžյ بک. ҷ ڵҵ Ԫҹҵ. Ԫҹ ڶ " " Ҥک, ڶ "" Ԫҹ - Ҥک, Ը "ڵ" Ҥ. ͸Իڻ:- ¹ڵ صڵ ǵ "͵ڶ ؤڤ ͵ڵԵ Ի" - صڵ Ҥ, ˵ ʨڨҷ ҷáڢ Ҩ ʵ, һ ͹ҷʹ ʵ, ǡ š ԭڭ ʨکԡ ෵, ൹ ǵ - ص "͵ڶ ؤڤ ͵ڵԵ Ի", ʨکԡڰ ͵ڶյ ŷڸ ˵ "ڵ" Ԫҹҵ. Ͷ ҷ Ǩ ҷ ͡ ͷ ʡҷ ʨکԡⰵҷ. ҸԻڻ:- "ʻڻڨ ͻڻڨ, ʧڢ ʧڢ, , ʹԵ ͹Ե" Էջ ٻҷʵڵڭ ڻ Ҥ, ʨڨʹһ ͹ҷʹ - ˵, ͵ڵ ٵ ʨکԡ ͵ڵڨڢ , ʹڸ " ʨکԡ , ؤڤ ػž ʨکԡڰඹ". ⵵ óǨ, ൹ ʨکԡڰඹ ؤڤ ػžյ ڶ ͵. Է صڵ ˵:- ػڻҷ෹ ʻڻڨҷ෹ ҡù ʨکԡ ػž, Թ - ؤڤŻ ൹ҡù ػžյ. ǵڵྵ Ǫҹ @ԧö: Ԫҹڵ ͧ.ءڡ. // .. ʵ @ .. صʨڨʹ, һ ͹ҷʹ .. ʵ

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ҷ. ٻ ؤڤ ͹Ԩک Ǫҹҵ. :- ǵڵྵ, ǹڵԻ ǯگ. Թڹڻ ǵڵ⾵ ͵. Ҫҹ Ԥڤ˹ڵ ʡҷǨ. ǵڵھԭڭ ک ǵڵھԭڭ ک ʹڸµ, һ Ԥڤ , Ԥڤ ͻҸ ڻԨکյ ͵. Ԥڤ Ҫҹ໵ Էҹ ͹ һûҹڨ ʹ ҡ ù ˭ڨ ؤڤŵҷ. ڶ ˭ڨ ؤڤ ػžյ · ؤڤ ػž, ؤڤ ػž ʨکԡڰ- ඹҵ ͵. ҷջڢ Ԥڤ˻һûҹ šڢٵ ͹ . ൹ ǵ õҷ ͹ Ԥڤ һԵڵ ͹һ . ڶ ൹ҵ óǨ. ǵҵ ͡ڻǨ. õ ڵǨ. Է صڵ ˵:- ൹ ǵ ǵڵྵ ǵ - آ ൹ ೹ ǵڵҵ. ڶ յ ͹ Ԥڤ ûԵڵ ͹û . ­ڨ - Ԩکҵ , Է൵ Եھ. Է Ԩکҵ ­ਵڶ - ͵, ͵ Ҥ. ǵڵྵҷ " ǵڵ" ԡڢԵڵڢ Եڵ Ԥڤ˻һûҹ šڢٵ . ǵ õҷ Ԥڤ һԵڵ һ . ع ڶ յҷ Ԥڤ ûԵڵ û . Ըһ Ԩکҵ Է൵ Եھ. ⵻ . @ԧö: .. ൹ ǵڵ ǵ, .. .. ˵ڶ

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ҷ ڰ ʧࢻ:- · ؤڤ ػž ʨکԡڰඹ, ൹ ǵ - ػžյ ǵڵ. ڶ "ǵڵ `ʨکԡڰඹ ػž', ǵڵ ص» ` ؤڤ ػž", Է Ԩکҵ ͹ һһû ˹ڵ. Ͷ ǵڵ ص» " ؤڤ - ػž", ˻ ǵڵ. ڶ - "ǵڵ `ʨکԡڰඹ ػž', ǵڵ ص» ` ؤڤ ػž", Է Ԩکҵ һһû ˹ڵ. Ԥڤ ͹ عڹ һûҹڨ صڵڵ ػžյҷԡ ͹ڨ . ͵ڶ ԭڨһ ͹ һû , һû ⡵ Ԥڤ , Ҫҹ Ԥڤ˹ڵ ͵ ๵ڶ ؤڤ ػžյ ҷ Ԥڤ ҡ ûԵڵ Ԥڤ˵ Ԥڤ. [] Էҹ ڨա ˵. ڶ بک ҷ. "͵ڶ ؤڤ ͵ڵԵ Ի" Եڵ "ػž" ڻԨک بک. ʡҷ ¶ ٻҷԸ ػžڵ, ͹ػž ڵҵ Ԫҹҵ. ع Ե ҷ - ͵ڵ ͸Ի໵ ʨکԡڰ ʹڸ ʨکԡⰵҷ. ʨڨڶʨڨҹ ͡ һ . ʡҷ ؤڤŵ ػҷһڭڵʾ⵻ Թڹ ʨڨҹ ͡ بکԵڵһ ǹڵ ԡڢԻ. @ԧö: .. ൹ ǵ .. ʵ @ .. ๵ڶ .. ʵ

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Էҹ ԭڨһ ൹ ڶʨڨʹ ػžµ ڻԨکԵ - ک ʨڨʹ - ʡʹ ԡڢԵڵ. ҷ ػžյ Ǩڭڵ ҷ ԭڭҵ, ک ԡڢԵڵڵ ڱ ڱ ͵ڵ Ԥڤˡ ԡ ù Ҫҹ ԡڵ . Էҹ ¶ ͹ڨ ʡҷԹ ҷڰ ͹ һû Ԥڤ ҡ , ԡ ҡ ù ˭ڨ ؤڤŵҷ. ˯ڰ صڵ ͵ڶ ǷԵھ. ๵ڶ ҷջڢ " " ʵ ڵ ˵, Ԥڤ ԡ ҡǡó, һû ҡó ˵, Է ͹ һûҹ ʹ ҡ ԡ ڵ ԡءڡ ҵ - ءڡ ǷԵھ. [] ԡ Էҹ - ͹ڨ ʡҷԹ Ԥڤ , ҷ ءڡ ʹ ǭ ڭյҷ. ڶ ǭ ڭյ · ڭ. ǵڵ ⢵ Է ڨ ڵҵ ԭڭ ʹڸ صڵ. ǵڵྵ Է ǹڵ - Ǫҹ ʹڸ صڵ. ൹ - ڶҵ ൹ ೹ ػžյ " Ԫҹڵڵ ڵ" Ԫҹ. Ԥڤ˵ྵ ع ǹڵ Ǫҹ Ԥڤ˵. Ͷ Ԥڤҵ Ԥڤ - @ԧö: .. ڻԨکԵ .. صʨڨʹ .. ͡ @ . .. ҵ . ൹ . Ԥڤ

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Ԥڤ. عԤڤ - յ ࡹ ൹ ԤڤԵڵ عԤڤ . - Ԥڤ˵ھ ʵ Էҹ Ԥڤ˹ ˭ڨյҷ. ڶ һһû ˯ڰ صڵ ǷԵھ. Է Ԩکҵ Է Ǩ Ԩک ˵յ ͵. Է ෹ ҡ Ԥڤ ڵ Ԥڤ˨ءڡ . [] Ԥڤ һ Էҹ "· ൹ Ԥڤ عڹԤڤ, ˯ڰ ͹ڨ Ԥڤ, ʻ عڹԤڤ" ʹ عڹԤڤ൵ҷ. ڶ عڹԤڤ൵ عڹԤڤ, Ͷ Ԥڤ عڹԤڤ. ڶ ڢҵ һ - ˯ڰ Ԥڤ . Էҹ - ˯ڰ ʡҷԹ Ԥڤ , "ǵڵ "ҷǨ๹ ʵ ع Ԥڤ ͹Ԥڤ ػ๹ ҵҷ. ڶ ڶ ˵ ԭڭҵҷ :- Ԥڤ عڹԤڤ, ڶ ͹ڨ ڵҵ ͵ ԭڭ Ԫҹڵ ع ǹڵ ԡ ൻ "Ҫҹ Ԥڤ˹" Ԥڤ˵ھ, - ͹Ԥڤ˵ھڻ Ԥڤ, շʹ Ԥڤ˹ عڹԤڤԵ . Էҹ Ԥڤ ʹڸ "عڹԤڤԵ " Ǩ, ʵ ˭ڨ ؤڤ Է Ԩکҵҷ. Է ͹ һû Ԥڤ ػյڵ ػ¹ءڡ ˵. @ԧö: .. عԤڤ .. .. ڶһ @ . .. Ԥڤ˵

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[] Էҹ " Ԥڤ˵"ҷԡ Ԥڤءڡ - ˵. ڶ Ԥڤ˵ྵ ¶ Ԥڤ, Ԥڤ˵. ͵ Ԥڤ عڹԤڤ Ҹ. ൹ յ ൹ ೹, Ԥڤ عڹԤڤ, Ԥڤ ˭ڨ ؤڤ Է Ԩکҵ, Է Ԥڤ˹ Ԩکҵ ͵. ൹ Ԥڤ˵ ¹ ೹ Է Ԩک, ൹ ೹ Ԥڤ , ءڡ. ԡ , ء. һ ԡءڡҷʹ ڤڻԻҷ , һ ءҵ. - ؤڤ ػžյҷԡ ͹ڨ ػžյҷԡҹ ԡ- Ԥڤ˻¹Ԥڤءڡҹ ʹ ͹ڨաڨ Էڷԯڰڵ ǷԵھ. ͵ڵǵ ʡҷ ؾھ ʵ ҷ Ǩڭ൹ ෹ ˵.


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/th_line.php?B=55&A=2701&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=55&A=2701&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=37&i=1 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=37&A=1 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=37&A=1 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=37&A=1 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_37

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