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ҹǢáҹǢͷʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹǢͶѴҹǢش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ûԮ Һ ѡ صѹԮ صڵ. . Żڳʡ

˹ҷ .

ͻǤ -------- ٻصڵ [] ص ͡ ǵڶ õ વ ͹ҶԳڱԡ ൹ ¹ ¼ڤ ԡڢع ʷڸ ͵ ʯ õ ʯ ¼ڤ ԡڢع ʷڸ õ ⡨ ԡڢ ¼ڤع آ ԡڢعչ dzڳ ʵ ൹ ¼ڤ ػ ͹ڵ ͸ԡóڻ õ ⡨ ԡڢ ԡڢعչ آ ¼ڤع dzڳ ʵ ൹ ԡڢع ػԵ ͹ڵ ͸ԡóڻ ùڵ ʯ ¼ڤ ԡڢع ʷڸ õ {.} Ͷ ͭڭ ԡڢ ¹ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ǹڵ ෵ ͡ڵ շ ͡ڵ Թ ԡڢ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ ¼ڤ ԡڢع ʷڸ ͵ ʯ õ ʯ ¼ڤ ԡڢع ʷڸ õ ⡨ ԡڢ ¼ڤع آ ԡڢعչ dzڳ ʵ ൹ ¼ڤ ػ

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͹ڵ ͸ԡóڻ õ ⡨ ԡڢ ԡڢعչ آ ¼ڤع dzڳ ʵ ൹ ԡڢع ػԵ ͹ڵ ͸ԡóڻ ùڵ ʯ ¼ڤ ԡڢع ʷڸ õյ [] Ͷ ͭڭ ԡڢ ԡڢ Ǩ๹ ¼ڤع ԡڢ ʵڶ ¼ڤع - ൵յ ൵ ԡڢ ص ¹ ¼ڤ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ڵ ¼ڤع ͵Ǩ ʵڶ ¼ڤع ൵յ ʵ ¼ڤ ԡڢ ص ¹ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ǹڵ ෵ ͡ڵ շ {.} ͡ڵ Թڹ ڵ ¼ڤع ͵Ǩ ʨڨ ڤع ԡڢع ʷڸ ͵ ʯ ʯ ڤع ԡڢع ʷڸ ⡨ ԡڢ آ ԡڢعչ dzڳ ʵ ൹ ػ ͹ڵ ͸ԡóڻ ⡨ ԡڢ ԡڢعչ آ dzڳ ʵ ൹ ԡڢع ػԵ ͹ڵ ͸ԡóڻ ùڵ ʯ ڤع ԡڢع ʷڸ յ - ڤع Żص @ԧö: . . ڤعҵ ʵ ʾھڶ շ . . Եʷ ʵ

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ʷڸ ͤ ͹ ھ⵵ - {.} ͵ ڤع ٻ Żصڵ ʷڸ ͤ ͹ ھԵ ԡڢع ʷڸ ͵ ʯ {.} ҵ ڤع ਻ ⡨ آ ԡڢعչ dzڳ һ ڤع Ե ڷ Ե Եڡ һ ڤع ԡڢԵھ Եڵ ԻԳ ʵ һԡ Ҩ Ԩک Եҹءڻ ڵԵ ʹڵõ ǭ ڤع - ԡڢԵھ {.} ҵ ڤع ਻ ⡨ آ ԡڢعչ ҳԹ űڱع ౹ ʵඹ һ ڤع Ե ڷ Ե Եڡ һ ڤع ԡڢԵھ Եڵ ԻԳ ʵ һԡ Ҩ Ԩک Եҹءڻ ڵԵ ʹڵõ ǭ ڤع ԡڢԵھ {.} ҵ ڤع ਻ ⡨ آ dzڳ һ ڤع Ե ڷ Ե Եڡ һ ڤع ԡڢԵھ Եڵ ԻԳ ʵ һԡ Ҩ Ԩک Եҹءڻ ڵԵ ʹڵõ @ԧö: . . Եʷ ʵ . . ڶ

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ǭ ڤع ԡڢԵھ {.} ҵ ڤع ਻ ⡨ ҳԹ űڱع ౹ ʵඹ һ ڤع Ե ڷ Ե Եڡ һ ڤع ԡڢԵھ Եڵ ԻԳ ʵ һԡ Ҩ Ԩک Եҹءڻ ڵԵ ʹڵõ ǭ ڤع ԡڢԵھڵ [] Ͷ ԡڢ Ҹ ǵ ԡڢ ԡڢ ͡ Եڵ Ը ԡڢ ԡڢ ԡڢ ͡ʹ حڪ ͡ʹ ԡڢ حڪ ͻڻҾҸڨ ʭڪҹ ͻڻҵڡڨ دڰҹڨ ŭڨ íڨ Ͷ ˻ ԡڢ ͡ʹ حڪ ͡ʹ ԡڢ ˻ حڪҹ ͻڻҾҸڨ ʭڪҹʶ ͻڻҵڡڨ دڰҹڨ ŭڨ íڨҵ ԡڢ ԡڢ ͹ʹ ó ʵػڻҷó ԡڢ ԡڢ {.} ¶һ ԡڢ ҵһ Ҫڭ ط ص ͸ڵ ¤ڤҨ ʷö Ե ˵ඹ ˵ ڢ೹ ˵ඹ ⵷ ˵ ¹Ԩک

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·Ԩک һ ڨһ ԡڢ ԡڢ ͹ʹ ó ʵػڻҷó ԡڢ ԡڢ ҵ ԡڢ ˻ ͡ ˶ ¤ ö ǭ ˻ Թ رڲ ǻ һڪʶ {.} ¶һ ԡڢ Ԥ Է ˹ڵ ǹ ڨ ų ʭکڹ ⡨ ػڻ ͵ڶ Ե ¤ ůڰ د ͪó -- Էڸ ͹ǹ ʸԵ ůڰ تء تҵ []- ǭ - ԡڢ ǹ ͻù ¹ رڲ ǻ һ ԡڢ ˻ ͡ ˶ ¤ ö ǭ ˻ Թ رڲ ǻ һڪʶ [] ٵؾھ ԡڢ ǵڶ ԡ ˻ҹ ԡ ԡڢ ˻ҹ Եڵʷ ;ؤڤ õ ԡ ˻ҹ ҵ ԡ ˻ҹ ػʹڵ ԡ ˻ҹյ ԡ ԡڢ ˻ҹ ڢ @ԧö: . . . ͪһó . . ੵ . . @ . . . ˵

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͹ Եڵ {.} Ͷ ԡڢ ͵ Եڵʷ ;ؤڤ õ ԡ ˻ҹ ҵ ԡ ˻ҹ ػʹڵ ԡ ˻ҹյ Թڹ ʹڵ ͪڬڵ ⡻ ҵءõ ط ʹڵ ط - ڵ Ե ¹ ʹڵ ͪڬڵ ⡻ ҵءõ ʹڵ ¹ڹٹ ¹ڵ {.} Ͷ ԡڢ دڰ Ͷ ԡڢ ԡ ˻ҹ ͵Ǩ յ µ دڰյ ԭڨյ ǵ ԭڨ һ - دڰյ ػԵ ͹ڵ د - Ͷ ԡڢ ͵ ʹڵ ͪڬڵ ⡻ ҵءõ ʹڵ ڵ Ե ¹ ʹڵ ͪڬڵ ⡻ ҵءõ ʹڵ ¹ڹٹ ڵ ¹ڵ {.} Ͷ ԡڢ ҵ دڰ Ͷ ԡڢ ԡ ˻ҹ ͵Ǩ յ µ دڰյ ԭڨյ ǵ ԭڨ һ @ԧö: . . . . һԷ @ . ҡد. . ١د

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- دڰյ ػԵ ͹ڵ ͹ڵҨ Ԩکõ Ͷ ԡڢ ͵ ʹڵ ͪڬڵ ⡻ ҵءõ ʹڵ ڵ Ե ¹ ʹڵ ͪڬڵ ⡻ ҵءõ ʹڵ ¹ڹٹ ڵ ¹ڵ {.} Ͷ ԡڢ ҵ دڰ Ͷ ԡڢ ԡ ˻ҹ ͵Ǩ յ µ ҵ دڰյ ԭڨյ ǵ ԭڨ һ ҵ دڰյ ػԵ ͹ڵ ͤڤ٨ ˵ ͷ Թڷյ - {.} Ͷ ԡڢ Թ๹ ʹ ൹ ̹൹ ʡҹ تڬ ʶ õ ʶ ҵ ʶ ػʹڵ ͡ دڰյ ػԵ ͹ڵ ͤڤ٨ ˵ ʵ Թڷյ - {.} Ͷ ԡڢ ԡ ˻ҹ ͻù ¹ һ Եڵʷ ;ؤڤک ڱ ԡ ˻ҹ ͹ҵ ԡ ˻ҹ ͹ػʹڵ ԡ ˻ҹյ ԡڢ ม ԡڢ õ ˵ @ԧö: . ҵ . . . Թڷ . . . @Թڷʵյ

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ҵ ˵ ػʹڵٻʹ ˵ һ Ǩ ʹڵ - ԡڢ ԡڢ һ Ǩ ʹڵ Ͷ ԡڢ ⵵ ǷԵ ⵵ ǷԵ ػʹ⵵ ǷԵ ˹ڵ ԡڢ ԡڢ ⨵ Ƿ ûԳڱҵʹʹҹڨʪڪԡڢ˵ ˵ Ǩʵ һڪ ˵ ԡڢ ԡڢ ûԳڱҵʹʹҹڨʪڪԡڢ ˵ Ǩʵ һڪ ԡڢ ԡڢ ʡڡù ءù ͻ ˵ Ǩʵ һڪ ⨵ Ƿ ҵ ԡڢ ʡڡùڵ ءùڵ []- ͻҹ Ǩ Ǩʵ һڪҵ ǭ ԡڢ ԡڢԵھ [] ڨ ԡڢ Ǩ Ƿҹ Ź ͡Ź ൹ ൹ ˹ ʹ ͵ڶʭ൹ ͹ڶʭ൹ ڵԵڵ ʹڵ Ź ԡڢ Ƿҹ ͡Ź ൹ ԡڢ Ƿҹ ൹ ˹ ԡڢ Ƿҹ ʹ ͵ڶʭ൹ ԡڢ Ƿҹ ͹ڶʭ൹ @ԧö: . ʷ ʵ . ๹ڵ હڵ

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ڵԵڵ ԡڢ Ƿҹ ʹڵ һ ԡڢ ԡڢԵھ Եڵ ԻԳ ʵ һԡ Ҩ Ԩک Եҹءڻ ڵԵڵ ʹڵ ڨ ؤڤ ڵˤ൹ ਵ Ե ڨ ʾھǹڵ š ڵˤ൹ ਵ ԻŹ ˤڤ൹ ͻڻ೹ ù ;һହ Ե ҵ ǭ ԡڢ ԡڢԵھ [] ¶һ ԡڢ Ҥ طڷŻԯ ҷ һ ͻ յ - ԡ ͯڰ ص ͻ ͻ յ ڭ ԡڢ ͻ һ ͻ ҵ ˵ ˵ ­ һ ͻڻ ء ͻ ҵ Ԧҵ Ҥ ҵ {.} ԡڢ ڨ Ǩ Ƿҹ Ź ͡Ź ൹ ൹ ˹ ʹ ͵ڶʭ൹ ͹ڶʭ൹ ڵԵڵ ʹڵ Ź ԡڢ Ƿҹ @ԧö: . Ԣ

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͡Ź ൹ ԡڢ Ƿҹ ൹ ˹ ԡڢ Ƿҹ ʹ ͵ڶʭ൹ ԡڢ Ƿҹ ͹ڶʭ൹ ڵԵڵ ԡڢ Ƿҹ ʹڵ һ ԡڢ ԡڢԵھ Եڵ ԻԳ ʵ һԡ Ҩ Ԩک Եҹءڻ ڵԵڵ ʹڵ ڨ ؤڤ ڵˤ൹ ਵ Ե ڨ ʾھǹڵ š ਵ ԻŹ ˤڤ൹ ͻڻ೹ ù ;һହ Ե ҵ ǭ ԡڢ ԡڢԵھ [] ¶һ ԡڢ Ҥ Ң Էڷ યڰ ҷ ҡ ٻҹ Ԣ ٻҵ յ ڭ ԡڢ ͻ ҡ ٻҹ - ٻҵ ҵ ˵ ˵ ­ ҡ ٻ ͹Է ڶ ء ٻ ԢԵ ٻҵ ҵ Ԧҵ Ҥ ҵ ԡڢ ڨ Ǩ Ƿҹ Ź ͡Ź @ԧö: . . ٻ

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ڨ ʾھǹڵ š ҡ ਵ ԻŹ ˤڤ൹ ͻڻ೹ ù ;һହ Ե ҵ ǭ ԡڢ ԡڢԵھ [] ¶һ ԡڢ Ҥ ҷԵڵ Գءڡ ҷ ҷԵڵ Գءڡ ڤ ʹڵ ڻԵյ ڭ ԡڢ ͻ ҷԵڵ Գءڡ ڤ ʹڵ ڻԵҵ ˵ ˵ ڤ ͻڻ ء ҷԵڵ Գءڡ ʹڵ໵ ڻԵ໵ Ԧҵ Ҥ ҵ ԡڢ ڨ Ǩ Ƿҹ Ź ͡Ź ڨ ʾھǹڵ š ڤ ਵ ջŹ ˤڤ൹ ͻڻ೹ ù ;һହ Ե ҵ ǭ ԡڢ ԡڢԵھ [] ¶һ ԡڢ ڵ ڷԵ ڷԵ ػڷԵ طء Թ Թڹ Թڹ Ͷ Ҥ ڰ ҷ ڵ ڷԵ ڷԵ ػڷԵ طء Թ Թڹ Թڹ హ Ź

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յ ڭ ԡڢ ͻ - ڵ ڷԵ ڷԵ ػڷԵ طء Թ Թڹ Թڹ హ Ź ҵ ˵ ˵ ­ - ڵ ڷԵ ڷԵ ػڷԵ طء Թ Թڹ Թڹ ء హ Ź ҵ ҵ Ԧҵ Ҥ ҵ {.} ԡڢ ڨ Ǩ Ƿҹ Ź ͡Ź ൹ ൹ ˹ ʹ ͵ڶʭ൹ ͹ڶʭ൹ ڵԵڵ ʹڵ Ź ԡڢ Ƿҹ ͡Ź ൹ ԡڢ Ƿҹ ൹ ˹ ԡڢ Ƿҹ ʹ ͵ڶʭ൹ ԡڢ Ƿҹ ͹ڶʭ൹ ڵԵڵ ԡڢ Ƿҹ ʹڵ һ ԡڢ ԡڢԵھ Եڵ ԻԳ ʵ һԡ Ҩ Ԩک Եҹءڻ ڵԵڵ ʹڵ ڨ ؤڤ ڵˤ൹ ਵ Ե ڨ ʾھǹڵ š ڵ @ԧö: . .

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ਵ ԻŹ ˤڤ൹ ͻڻ೹ ù ;һହ Ե ҵ ǭ ԡڢ ԡڢԵھ [] ⵷ڱࡹ ԡڢ ਹ Ǩá ͧڤڤҹ ͡ һ ൹ ʹ һ ԡڢ ԡڢԵھ Եڵ ԻԳ ʵ һԡ Ҩ Ԩک Եҹءڻ ڵԵڵ ʹڵ ڨ ؤڤ ڵˤ൹ ਵ Ե ڨ ʾھǹڵ š ڵˤ൹ ਵ ԻŹ ˤڤ൹ ͻڻ೹ ù ;һହ Ե ҵ ǭ ԡڢ ԡڢԵھ [] ڨ ԡڢ ٻ ҷ ԡڢ ԡҶ ʶ ԡڢ ڨ Ǩ ͳ ҸҶҵ ˵ ҵ ԡڢ ٻ ҷ ԡڢ ԡö ʵ զõڵ Ե آҵ ԷǨ ͵ڵ ԡڢ Ե Թڷعڵ ٻصڵ ԯڰԵ ---------


ͤûԮѺҺѡ ˹ҷ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/pali/pali_item_s.php?book=12&item=263&items=11&pagebreak=1&modeTY=2 ҹͧ [Ţ] ࡳ觢 :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/pali/pali_item_s.php?book=12&item=263&items=11&pagebreak=1&modeTY=2&mode=bracket ҹºûԮѺҺѡѹ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_item_s.php?book=12&item=263&items=11&pagebreak=1&modeTY=2 ҹºûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/byitem_s.php?book=12&item=263&items=11&pagebreak=1&modeTY=2 ֡öҹ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=12&i=263 The Pali Atthakatha in Thai :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=8&A=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=8&A=1 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_12

ҹǢáҹǢͷʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹǢͶѴҹǢش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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