͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ ͻ.. (طڸ.)

˹ҷ .

[] ػڻ Ե šڢ Է ڵԡ ԡڢԵ. ڶ ءڡһҵԡڻҷ ػڻ ԵڵԵ Եڶšڢšڢһšڢ Է ੡. ʡ ͹ڵԡ ҡ ҵ ʾھڶ ԡڢԵ. [] ͻڻԨک Ի ͻڻ ػ ҡԭڨڭ ڶ¹ڵ ùڵ ʷ. ڶ ͻڻԨکҵ ͻڻࡹһ ໹ڵ. Իҵ ๻ڡʧڢҵ ڭ ڹҤ. ͻڻҵ ͡ ͡ڵԡҵ ͵. ػҵ ػ ͻڻǵڵ. ҵ ʹڵدڰ ʷ Ԩڨ ùڵ ػڰ˹ڵյ ͵. [] ҹõ ʹڵԵڵ Ե ҡԭڨڭ ڶ¹ڵ ùڵ ʷ. ڶ յ šڢٻԪڬҹٻԪڬ ڹҤ. ¹ . ҹõҵ õ չ. ҵ Եڻڹ. ʹڵԵڵҵ ٻʹڵ. Եҵ ͡ڤԵڵ. ҡԭڨڭڵ Իڻ⾸. ڶ¹ڵҵ Ԩکڵ. Եڶٵ ʷ ùڵյ ھ. [] ԭڭһԻڻڵ ໵ڵ ⤨ õ ͹ڵԡڢ ùڵ ʷ. ڶ ԭڭһԻڻڵҵ ڨ ԭڭ ҹ ڵ Եҵ ͵. ໵ڵ ⤨ õҵ طڸҹحڭҵ ԭڭڵ ŷ õҵ ͵. ͹ڵԡڢҵ ͹ڵԡࢹ

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ҡʹ کڵ Ҥکڵ ҵ ͵. ҵ ٵ - ˾¤ڦҷԻ ͨکԵҵ ͵. ٵ һ ʷ ùڵյ ͵. [] ص ๪ áڢԵԹڷ ʯڰ ʷ. ڶ ڢҷ ٻҷ ص Ե Ԩکڹ, áڢԵ⤻Եҵ ͵. ๪ Եڵ áڢԵԹڷ ⤻ԵڢҷԹڷ ʯڰ ҵ ˯ ٵҵ ͵. ʷҵ دڰ ʷ, ෵ ௵ ʡڡ ¤ڤҵ ͵. [] ŧࡹ ʪڪ ҹڡ๹ յԹڵ õڵ ʷ. ڶ ŧࡹ ؾڸ๹ ʪڪ ๹ ڡ ʡ õڵ ʹ ͵Թڵ ͵ԡڡڵյ ھ. [] ê êڪڵ ʹ ˹ ˹ڵ ʷ. Եڶٵ һ ê êڪԵ ǵڶ êڪڵ êڪ ػڻ෹ڵ. ʹ Ե ػڻ෵ ص ǵڶ ùڵ. ˹ Ե ص ǵڶ ˹ڵ ùڵ. ڭڻصڵ ǹڵյ ͵. [] Էڸ ҹ ǵڵڵ Ԩڨԡ ໹ڵ ʷ. "⡻ ص ظ ˵, ظһ ص ˵"ҷԡ - Էڸԡؾھ Ԩڨԡ ҹ ǵڵڵյ ھ. @ԧö: . ٵ. . . //.

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ҡʻ طࡻ ԹԵ һ ໹ڵյ ͵. ؤڤ˹ ˡ೹ ෵ھҵ ͵. [] ҹ ̹ڵ ҹԵ ھ ๹ڵ ʷ. ҹ ڬҹҷԡ ̹ڵ ̹ڵ ڵյ ͵. ھ ๹ڵյ ǹڵ ʵªؾྸھءڢ ڻҳ ھؼ Էڸ ڵ ๹ڵյ ͵. [] ͭ کڵ ҹ ͭ ؾھˡ ͭ صڵá ʹ ʷ. ҹ ͹ڵ ͭ ͡ ҹ ͻҹ ջ کڵ, ͡ ؾھˡ ջ کڵ, ͡ صڵá ջ کڵ, ʷ ʹ ʹ ڨ»ʹ کڵյ ھ. [] ʹڵ ک Ǫڵ ҷԵ ˵ ھ. ҡʹ کҹ һʻԡڢԵ Ҫ ʹڵ آڨ ʵ ک کڵյ ͵. ک һ ھ ҡʵ ҷԵ Ԩکڹ ˵յ ھ. [] ͤڤԻҡ ͹ڤ ⵷ءڢԡһ ⡯گԵ ࡨ ǵڵ. ڶ ࡨ ͡ ͤڤԻҡ ҼŻڳҷ Ե ҷڵ, ͡ ͹ڤ ͤڤ ͻԵ ҷڵ, ͡ ڵԡ ػڻ௵ ҷڵ. ͡ طءڢԡ طءڢ ⡯௵ ҷڵ. ͡ ⡯گԵ ೹ ⡯௵ ҷڵ. ͡ Եҵ ھ.

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[] ط˳ ࡨ بõ ʨ ʷ. ʷ ࡨ بõ طڸԡ ط˳ طʡҵ ͵. ࡨ ʨ طࡹ ͵ڵ ԭڨҵ ͵. [] ˡک ڡڵ ê ڸԵ Ťู ʷ. ڶ ʷ ¡ ˵ڶ ʭڪҵ, զҵ ͵. áԵڵ ڱԵ ͻҸԵҵ ͸Իڻ. ڡڵҵ ԯڰسڳûҳسڳҷ ڵ ŤڤԵڵҵ ͵. êҵ ڢҷԵڵ ڢԵҵ ͵. ڸԵ Ťูҵ ҹҸһڵ ڻصڵŹ ڤٵڵ šŤู ʾھڶ ؤڸٵҵ ͵. ʷҵ صڵڻä ڹҤڵ ෵ ௵ ʡڡ ҵ ھ. [] ʹڹԻԵ ؤڤһ Ե൵ کڵ ھ . ڶ ʹڹԻԵҵ ʵڵµ ⵻ڨ, - ҵʡ ʹڵ ٵҵ ͵. ؤڤһ ҡ ڶ үҸ һ. Ե൵ طڷ ˹ ҡ ھ ҡʵ کڵյ ھ. [] ع ʹ ڡڵҹڵҷ. ڶ ҡ ڡڵҹ کڵҹ һҹ ҡê ʷ ǵڵյ ͵. طԵ ˹ڵ @ԧö: . ʵڵµ ڨڵǨ.

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ǵҵ ʷڷ ǵ൵ کڵҹ ͪԹʷ෹ ʹڵدڰ "Ҹ Ҹ " ʪҵ ǵ طԵ ʹڵدڰ ˹ڵյ ھ. [] ʷʹڵ ͹ڵԡڢ ҡʨ ڢԳҷҹط ڡڵ کڵյ ھ. Źػڶڸҵ ͵ڵ þŹ ҹŹ ڹҤ ·Ԩک µڶ µڶ ڵء, ڶ کڵյ ھ. [] ع ҹ ʹ աڻ ൵ҷ. ʾھڶ ԨکҨ աڻ ʭڨŹҵԡ ҡʨ. ؤڤ൪ҵ ؤڤ൪ ڶ൪ ػڻ Ե ǵڵԵ ʡڡҵ ػڻ. Ҥ ҵ ͭ ͹ Ҥ ط ͭ ໵ ʡڡ ˹ڵյ ھ. [] ҹڡ ࡨյ ҹ ͹ڵ ͡ ҹһڡһڻڹ ͡ ʪڪԡ ʪڪһڻڹ ͡ ǵڵ Եڳ صڵڵ ʷҵ ھ. [] ʾ ڵ⹵ҷ. ڶ "ͻ ڡ ͻҳ ʵڵ آ ˹ڵ"ҷԹ šڢ ڵ Ե ùڵ, ͵ڵ ǵ൹ڵյ ڵ ҵ ͵. ʾ ʾھҳԹ ʾ ʵڵҹ Եʡ. ͹ڵءڡʡ ͵ڵҹ ءڡʡ ҹ ʨ ڨ ؤڤ ڵ ը ڭڵյ ͵. [] ҸһڵԤسصڵڵ Ҫ ͩյ Ծ Ҫ ˵ڶҪ þŬҹڻڹ

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¤ڦҪ ʷ ௵ʡڡ ʹڵ Ҥکڵյ ھ. [] ͵ڵ ҹ ʹʹ ʹ ԪڪҸҵҷ. ڶ ڵʪڬҷԪڪҸ ءڢھҷ ʹڵ ǵ ڰůڰ Ҥ ڸھ ڱ áڢ ڱ ҹ ԨکԵԨکԵҹڶ ػǹڵյ ھ, ʹڵյ ͵. [] ع ͵ڵ ʵһҹ dz೹ Եҵҷ. ʾھ صڵҹڶ. ùڵ طڨڱҷԡ һʻԡڢ. [] ع ͵ڵ ʹ ػڻ ػ һյҷ. ڶ Ի Իڼڵ ڵ ڢڵ ੡ڵ " Ҫ ػڻڹڢڵ " ػڻҵšڢ ػ ǵڵ بک൹ "Է ػԹ , Է " ػԹԻڼڵԡ ʾ ԵڶԻҹ ˵ڶҷšڢ دڰ ԡڢ ʡŪھط ǵڵҹ ڵ šڢڵ⡯ڰ ʾھ һʡ յ ھ. [] ͵ڵ ҡó طڸسؾھڤ ʹ յҷ. ڶ ڵ . ʨڢطԾھڢڵڢظڢؾطڸڢ ʾھʵڵҹ ʹ ʹ , ʹ . Ҥǹڵҷ š યڰʯڰڵ šય યڰ. ڶ ʵયڰ , યڰ , ʵયڰ , ҹ , Էڸʾھ ھط ǡ ͡ Ԩک ǹڵ »ھ ػҤյ ھ.

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[] ͪ⬤˵ ǹڵڵ ǹڵջ ͤ˵ Եҵ ͵. صڵҹڶ. [-] Ե ҹ Թڷûػڼ صʹ ʹ ҷԵڵ ص ͤڤԡڢڸ ҡ ⪵ҹ Ԫڪ دڰ Ҫ Թڹ š¡ ͷڷʹڵ ھ. [] ҹ , ҹ šڢ ǵڵһšڢʭڪҹó. "ط ط" ػ Ԩ. ڢ ڨ ڢ ڢڵ Թ ࡹ ೹ յ ھ. [] óصڵ صڵҷ ҹ ڡšڢҹ ʹڵ, ҹ šڢҹ Ҥ ԯڰ ک ʹڹԯڰҹ ͤ, ʹ Թڵ ͵. صڵҹڶ. [] ٵ. ⵷ Եҹ ͻҳҹ سҹ ط دڰҹڰҹ, Է Ż. š ʵڵš دڰ طڸ طڸԵ Ծھҹ յ ͵. ʾ ʵڵ ʹ Ҥ Ҥڵ ڢʵ ԨԡԨک˦ ùڵ ͵ԡڡڵյ ھ. [] ǹڵ һ ʵڶҵҷ. ڶ ʾھڭ ǡ š ʵڶ Ҩ صڵహ ࡵ ب, ʡ ʹహ , šڵ ؤڤڵ һԵʷ, ҳԹ ʾھʵڵҹ صڵ¯ڰҹ - ԯڰ ԯڰڰҹ š ˹ڸԸ Ż Իصڵ Իҹ Ǿҹ صڵ ʯⰵ ھ. @ԧö: . صڵԯڰҹ.

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[] ع ǹڵ ʡڡ ط طڵҷ. ڶ յªʤ ط ط ࡹ ԹԵ ʡڡ , ʾھڭ ҳ "͵ڵ ҳ" ԹԵ ʡڡҵ ͵. [] ڱ Żڪ ໵ õ ʡڡ, ʾھڭ ҳ õ ʡڡҵ ھ. [] ʾھڭ ҡ - ʡŹڵԡڢ êڪ ͧڤŹ ԹԵ ʡڡ , ҳ ҳҡ ԹԵ ʡڡҵ ͵. [] ط طڵ յªʤ Ҥ ͢ طڨ, عصҸԡªʵʾ ͢ ԭڨ ͵ԡڡ طڸ ҳ ػҷ ˵ . ػ ػʹ تڪ . - ҳ ͸ԡڵ ͵. [] ڢ ڨ ڢ ڢڵ, Ż. ǵڵ š, Ǩ. š ͹ڵ µڵҹ ʵڵҹ Եڵ ǵڵ. ڵ ʨԵڵ ʵڵ ҳ ͹⵪Ť ҳ ͹ ԯڰҵ ھ, ҳŹ ʾھʵ յ ͵. [] ʾھڭ ʾھҹ ¹ ೹ ڤڻص൹ ʡ صڵ ⾸ Ծھҹ ͸Ԥ , ൹ ೹ õԵڶ ͭڭԵڶ ڷ յ ھ. [] ൹ һʹ Եҡ ʹڵ ʧڤˡ Ҷ Եҹҵ . ڶ Ҷҵ ͵ڵ Ҷ @ԧö: ., . ҡ. ., . .

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Եҹ ҹ ب һ ʯڰ - "÷ҳ" Ҥ. ͯڰҹ ҳ, Ͷ عڷ ب ͪڬ Ծھҹ ҵ ب. õ ک Թڷ· ǵڵյ , Ե ڻ . بԵһ ͪԹ ڶԵҹ շ, ͨڨʹڹҷ ʪڪ Ǫવ շյ ͵. [] ڶ Թ һ ҳ յҹյҷ. ڶ յҹյ յҹ Ҫ ػھҪ ˳ڳ Ҥ ͪ⬤ ͸ͤ ԯ ڵҹ յҹ ͨڨؤڤ ͵ؤڤ Էҹ بڨյ ھ. [] ͨڨؤڤ ͵ؤڤ , بڨ Եڶ ˹ Ҫ ⡯ʵ ʧڢҳ෹ سڳ سڳԨسڳ . [] ʾھڭ ҳ š ҹ ʵ ʵ ࡡ Թڷ سڳ , ҳ ҳ ҵ ʡڡҵ ھ. [] آکࡹ آکԷ෹ Ź ʡط ط ԡڢ ڵ ԡڢ , ԡڢ ࡨ ҳ ط ҵ ʾ ͹⵪Ť عڵ ͵. [] ػ ʹ յҷ. ڶ ¶ ط ҳ ͹⵪Ť ˹ڵ, ⾸͸Ԥ ¡. ࡨ ض ๡ Եڶ Ԩک Եڶ ԯڰԤ˳ڢڷ ԯڰʧڢҵ˳ @ԧö: . . /.

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ԯڰ ʹ ʹšڢ ԯڰ Ե Ե ʹڵ. [] طู ԡڡʹ ೹ ͹óԹ ʾھҹ óԵʹŹ ʾ Եڶ ͹⵪Ť ҳʹ Ե ҵ ھ. ҳ ҵǵڵõ ҳ Եڶ ҵԡڡڵյ ͵. [] صڵ ͵ڵ ҡóþ ʵ µҷ. ڶ һ ǹڵ , ҹ ʧڢҵԡڡڵõ ҷչ Եڵ . Ҹ ͻڻԵҸ دڰԵ ʡŪھطջ Ծھڢع յ ھ. [-] ع ʧڢ൹ ೹ ڹҤ ʹڵԵ ٻʹڵҹ ҷ ԯڰҹԯ ͡ڻǵڵ ҷ ճ ط طڸ¡ҷص ԭ ҷ ͯڰ š ͡ڻ ʵ طڸ Եڵ ͭڭ ҹԵ š¡ , ջ ͤյ ھ. [] Ҥ ҹ ڶ . ͹ڵԡ ҡ Ե ǹڵ ڢԳ ͡. ʾ ڪԡ ҹ ҡ طڸ ʹڵ ͵ ٵ ھ. [] ع ҡóҹ ؾھҤó ʹ Ե ҵءյҷ. ʾھ صڵҹڶ. [] ػ༹ҵ һ Եڵ ෵ ๡ػ༹ , ҳڨ ͹ عڻع , ˹ڵ һ Եڵ ҡ , ʹڵ Ǩ ⳶ ǹ ö ö.

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[] ک ڻ൵ ҡó . ڶ ک ҹ ڻ ʵ. ʵڵ ʪҵ ʵ, ػڻڪʵյ ͵. ٻøá - حڭҷ ǹڵ بکԹ ʵ. [] ҡó ͻ ໵. ͵ڶ Թڹ ͤڤǡҹ ͡ ʧ ڻʵʭڨ Ե, һ ҶҾڸآڶ ͹ڵáڻҹ ػҷ صڵڵ ڰھ. [] "Իص⵵ , ʵ ͤڤ" ҡó, ҡó Ҥöյҷ. ڤ ع ͨǵյ ڨڹ ڤҹ ͹ڵ Ҥö Ҥڤ ǹڵ Ե ǹڵ Ҥ ⹵ڵ - ˷ طڢڸ ͻڻ¹ڵ һسڵ طڷ Ҥ ͻ໵ ػک ¶, Իص ͵ڵ ǵڵ ͻڢԵ ڶ. ڭ ڵ ͵ڵ ǡҳ ҹ ڵ, ҳ ʾھʵ ڻʵ ʹڵʵ Ե ʵյ ͵. [] ǹڵػҷҵ »ھ ҷ ˷ طڷ ط - Ҥ ҹ ͵ڶڵ Թڹ ھҤҹ Թ µڵ ء ͵ڶ, ʹ ʧڢ ʧڢҵԡڡڵ. [] ڻ ʡڡ ʹҵ Թڻ ʹ ʧڢҵ ʡڡ ʡڡ , ¶ ˵յ ھ. Իصڵ ڭ ͹ ҹ ʵյ ͵. @ԧö: ...... . ٵ. . ط.

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[] š ʵյ š ҳš ҳ ͡ - ҹ ʵ ڤ ء ԡڢ ҵ ͵. [] ط෵ յªʤ Ҥ صҷ çڤ ʧڢ ʧڢԵ ¶ ˹ڵ, Իصڵ ڭ ͹ ҹ ʵ ʵյ ھ. [] ڭ Իص ⤵⤵ڵڵ ⤵ ʡ¡ યڰ ʡ»اڤ ھطڸ ҸԵ ǵڵԻڵҨҷ ԵڵҸ ڭ ǡҳ ҹ ڵ ͤڤ ʵյ ھ. [] ͤڤǡڰҹ ʡ»ص൹ ǵ ԯڰҹԯ ͡ڻǹ ǵڵԵ ҡ ڡ ʷڸ ͹ǵʵ Թҹ ʵ. دڰ ʹʧڢҵ دڰ ʹ ʹ ʹ ù صڵҹաù ǵڵʵյ ͵. [] ⤵ ʡ»اڤ ͵ ʾھ ԭڭ ʹ ೹ ҹԵ ԡڢ »ؤڤ շԵ ͤڤڰ ʡŻڭҷԤس بڨڰ ʵյ ھ. [] ŷڸҡ ʻڻ յʹ طҹ ط๹ ء ڵҷ. ڶ ˵ µ Ի. ʵڶ ء دڰ ʷڷԵ حڭ⡯ڰ ͨԹҹǹڵ ͵. @ԧö: ., . .

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حڭ ʾھڶ ʡŤس ҹ ⡯ ڻ, µ ھ. [] ͻµ ʧڢҵԡڡڵ š Ը کڵ Իҡ . ص دڰ ص ࡹ ؤڤ˹ Ե ൹ حڭŹ һ Թڵ ͵. [] ͵ڵ - ʹ ʧڢڵҷ. ڶ ʧڢڵ ʧڢ, ڨ Ҥ ڵ ͵. ʧڢ Ծھҹ ʡǹ ͨ ҹ ԯڰహ ʹ ʹ ʾ Եڶ ʡ Եڶ ԯڰػڻҷ ؤڤ ԨԹ ػԡڢ ҷ ԾԹڵ ھ. [-] ͵ڵ ͸Իڻ ʹ ¶һ Ҹ ʵҷ. ڶ Ҹ ҸԹ ʸ ¶, ʧڢ Ծھҹ ʹ ;⾡Գڳ - ԨکԹڹ ùڵ ڨʵ ҵԻڨ ͵ڵ Իھڪ ھԹڵ ھ. [] صԵ ʭڨ ˹ڵ Ե ʭڨ. [] õڶ ä . ੵҹ µ ԡڢڸ ੵ Ǹ . ڶ Թҵ ŵ ڶ ԡڢ Թ , ù Եڵ ب⩵ ھ. [] ¶ ԡڢ ù Ե ب, Եڶ ҹҷԯڰԤԡ تڪ ʧڢ൹ Ծھ๹ Եڵ بکҵ ھ. ʵ Իҵڵ. @ԧö: . . . ;⾨کԹڹ.

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[] ک ҹҵ ڸ Թڵ ͵. ౵ҹҵ - ˹ڵ ڢڸ ̻Գڱ ౵ ͹ ҳԪڪҷԡԵ һʻھڪ ھ ԻڪԹڵ ͵. ҳdzڳ ڵ. [-] ͪڬ ع Եڵ بڨ ҳ, ൹ ๹ ڹҤ ع, Ե Ե Ե Եڵڵ ͵. Ҥʧڢҵ һ õյ , ʪԵ, ҹҤ دڰ ԡԵ ¶ èҹڵ ͵. [-] بکԵ ڵ صڵҹڶ. [] նԹڵõ ն͹ڵ ͹ػڻڵ ڻڵ ػ ػڵҹ ջ ڵ بکԹڵ ھ. [] շʹ ҵ ʡŸԵԻ ˹ڵҹڵ ڡڻǵڵ ˵ڵڻڵ, ͹تҵþŵ طڸ շ ʹ ʹʧڢҵ ʹڵ ھ. آ Ҹ ڷ ʹ յ ͵. [] Եҡ ʹ دⰵҷ. ڶ ʵ ʪԵ, د "ʹ շʹ" ʾھ . ʾھ ʹ ͵ڶõ ʹҸǸõ ڶʨڨԵҷʹ Իس Ծھҹ ˹ڵ Թʡ ʾھ ÷ءڢ ͻط ࢻ ڵ ھ. [] ൹ Եҡ ʹ ҵҷ. ˵ػڻ ˵ ó ػڻڹ ҵ ٵ ʭڪҵ Ծھڵ ԹԾھڵ @ԧö: . ڱԵҹҵ.

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ʻڻڨ Ǹ - ʹڵ Ԫڪڵ ػڵյ ھ. ҹ ˵ ó Ҥ . ʭڨ ⸵ ˵ظҹ تڬ, ҷ ⳵ ҸԻڭҷԤس˹ڵ Եһڵ ԷڸԵһڵ ҷ ˵ٻҷǷ ඵҵ ͵. [] صڵ ص ͵ڵ ڨڢڻ ʹ ˹ڵҷ. صڵҹ. [] · ҵ ਻ صڵ ڶ, ͵ڵ Է ʵһڵԼ ڵھ. ͵. ڨ¶ Էڸ ʡ Ծھҹ. Է ڻ ͷԯڰ ;յ. [] ʹ⵵ ʹڵԻ ʹ ʹ صԵ بکԵԵ ԹڷԵھԵ ʭڨ ԾԹڵ ͵. ͵ ͹ػڻ⵵ Ե ͵ ͹ػڻ ڻ, Էҹ ڻڪԵ ͻڻ෹ Ե ŵ ͵. [] ʪԹ ù ͨ Ԩڨ Ծھҹ ҹ һسԵ ¡ Եҳ ʹ ʹ ͤԹڵ ͵. [] ҵ Ҥکڵ ԡڢ ҹʪڪҷһ ڻ ڤ Է ػ بڨҹǨ ; յ ͵. [] ʹڹآ๵ ʹ ڷ آ๵ ڹҤ . ع ʵ ڭµ. Եڶ @ԧö: ., . ʻڻڨ ʧڢø.

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ҸԤ Ծھҹ ͸Ԥ , ڨ ͨڨص Ծھҹ ͸Ԥ ͸Ԥکյ بکյ ͵. [] ҹ յ ʹڹdzڳ ͹ ص Ҥک. ๭ڪ ҵ ҷ ๭ ˵ڶ ԡڢ Եһڵ ڵ ԡڢԵԡ Ծھҹ ػʹ յ بک. [] ൹ د ҵҷ. صڵҹڶ. [] ͻԵʧڡ⻵ "͹Ҥ ͡ طڸ ͤڤ ¹" ڶԵڶ ⡯ ͻڻڵʧڡ⻵ ͵. صԵ ͤڵھ ʭڨ Ծ. ⤵ šયڰ ʹ Ҥ ʧڡ ڶ ˵ڵڤҸԤ ǡխҳ һس๹ Իس⳵ ͸Իڻ. [] ԯڰҵ Ծھڵ ڵ ػڼڵ ԡʹڵ, Ծھڸ ؤڸ دڰ ǹڵ ¹ڵ, ʾھҳԹ ʾ ʹڵ ص ùڵ ¶. [] ҵ ǹڵ ʡ¡Żصһ ԯڰ ԯڰԵ ػڼԵ ˵ڵڤ೹ ԡԵ ҵ ھ. [] صڵԻػڼڵ ʾھ بڨ صڵ ˵ڵصڵʧڢҵ ػڼ ʹ ʹ, ڨ ҷ ó , . صڵԻػڼҵ بڨ بڨڵ ͵ҵ صڵ, ͤڤ. ػڼڵ ԡʹڵ ൹ҵ ػڼ. صڵ ػڼ صڵԻػڼ. , صڵԻػڼ صڵԻػڼ. ൹

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صڵԻػڼ ͸Ԥ๹ ʾھҳԹ ʾھʵ յ ͵. [] "ǵ طڸࢵڵ"ҷ ڢ ڨ ڢ ڢڵ µڵ õصڵҷչ Եڵҹ ҳ ҹ ǵڵ, ڵ ʵ⡯Ԩڡʧڢ طڸࢵ ໵ҹ ع ھطڸ Ǫવ ʵ ͭ ⡨ صڵ ص൹ ڭ ʷ ڶյ ھ. صڵҹ. [] Իڹҵ ڤڤ ůڰ ˵ڵ Ե ʢ ڤ ˯ڰ ڹҤ ͯڰ ԡڢ صڵڶ Ծھҹ ʡ - ʡ ڭǹڵ ùڵ ʷ ʾھ ǹڵ ڵ ػʹڵյ ͵. [] ǷҨԵڵҹػʹʧڢҵҹ عڹ ʵԻڰҹҹ ੡ ʵ⾪ڬڤҷչ ʵڵڹ ⾪ڬڤҹ ǹ DZڲ õ չ. [] Ҫ áҪ . [] ءڢھõʵڵҷ õյ ó, ó ʭڪҵ DZڲԵ ҵ ó ءڢ. ԯڰ ˹ڵ DZڲڵ رڲ һڪڵ. ǻŵ Ի Ի һسڵ, ءڢ ¹ڵ Ÿ ˹ڵ. [-] ع ǹڵ Թڸ ʵյҷ. ڶ Թڸҷ - ڤ , ʵ ڤ , ڷ¤ڤ ڷҤҤڤ , ڤ ڤ , ع ڤ , ڤ , ڤ . ʹڷҹҹ کڵչ ͵ ڤҹ Ҥ ط ڻԨک Ԥڤҵ õ. ͵ ʾھڤ @ԧö: .. ʡ. . Թڸ.

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ԹڸҷԤڤҵҷԡ ڭڵ ˹ڵ ౹ڵ Ҥ Ҥ Ե µ ҡ ǵ ¶. ؾھڳ ڵ¾طڷʧڢҵ ڵ ǹڵ ͹ڵ ھԵ ڵ¨ø Ԩùڵ ڵҷԹ ڭڵ ˹ڵ ڵ, طڸصڵҵ طڸ ҵ ҡ . [-] ڷڱ ; ԡ ٵ ڨ ػڡ Եڵ Ԥ ҡʸҵ ҡʤ ک ک ʾ á ڷ ͵è ڷŵ ¶. . [-] ط ҵ ط DZڲ ط ڷš ʧڢҵԡڡڵ ¹ طࡹ ڷŹ ػڻڵ ¹ڵ ¶, ء ʵڵ ͻҳ ʵڵ ҵ DZڲ ह ʹ ͯگԵ ڸԵ ˹ڵ. ڷ ط ¶ ˵ ʭڪµ. յ . [-] ʵ ڵԡ "ط ҵԹ" صڵڵ. Ԫ ػڼҷ ػڼ ػڼڵ ԡʹڵ, ڵԡ ҵǵڵڵ Ԫҵ ھ. ػڼ ʵ ڵԡ ػڼ ԡʹ ŵ ͵. ¶ ػڼڵ ʡ»صڵ ػڼ ԡ . ػڼ صڵҵ ԡڢ صڵ ˵ڵŭ೹ ػڼ ԡ. ¶ Ԫ ػڼ ҵԡڡ, ʹ ҷҹʹ ҵǵڵڵ ҵԡڡڵյ ͵. [-] ¶һ ҵ »ھ. ʾھҳԹ ʾ ҸԵҹ ʵڵҹ ʸǹ ʾھҤҹ

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ʾھҹ ʾھҹڨ ͤ ¶, ʾھҳԹ ҾҸóҷ . ¶ Ҥҷչ , , ʾھҳԹ ҾҸóҷ . ¶ Ҥҷչ , Ԫڪ ԭڭ Էڸ ҹ ڵ ʹڵյ ھ. ˯ڰ ػ ػػʹ Ҷҹ ھڸ ԭ. [] ҹ ҵ ͵ڶ µ ͪڬ , ͹µ . " Ҥ ʨ ˨"ҷԹ ­ڨ ͹ ʻǵڵԭڨ ҹԵҵ ͵. Թڷҹ ҾŹڵ ʷڸԹڷҷչ ڨڹ Թڷҹ ԡڢԹڷ طԹڷ ҡ ҡ ԭڭһ ԭڭһµ Ҿ ҹԵ. ھ ԷԵҹҵ " Ե ԪڬԵ ؤڤ ؤڤ " ԷԵ ڨڢ ʾھڭ ҵطڷջԡ ʹ˹෹ յ෹ ڪ ʡ ڡ ͡Թڹҷ . [-] ڡ̻¹ڵҵ ڵ ڡ̤ õ Թڹ . Թڹ ҹҷԯڰ ๡ʹ Ƿ ˡ Ƿڵ, Ԩ੷ ؾطڸԩԹڷڶ ʾ ʵڵҹ Եڵڭ ԵڵҨ ͻ ػػ ع ͡ ඹ ˡ๹ ʡŨڡ̤ Թڹҹ ҳչ Թڷ ԡڡڢ õյ ͵. [] ػʷҵ ͵ڶ ط ػ ʹڵ ҡ ˹ڵյ ػ, . ػ ʷ ػʷ, . ¶ ػ ط ͷҹ ػ ڶԵ Ե˹ڵ, ظ ػʷ ùڵ ڶԵ

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Ե . ʾ õ Ե ڪԡ ͭڪ ڤԵ Եڵ š¡ š¡ طڸ س . [] ʾ ڻ ʡ ڻ Եڵ¹ڵ س ඹڵһ ҹdz ҹڻ Եڵ . һ ʾ سҳ ඵ ڻһ ʡڡ . ͻڻ Ҥ ھط ͻ سҵ. ൹ س˹ڵ ໵. [] ࡹ ͵ڵ Ź ˯ڰ ػػʹ Ե ط Եڵ ¶ , ʾ ڻ⡯ջ - ڻ⡯ൻ Ե൹ڵ Եڵ عڵ ͵. [] ع سҹ ͻڻҳ ໵ ⡨ ҵҷ. Ե ԡҵ ط Եط ڵ ҡ. ؤڤ Ԧҵ ءڢ һҵ ͵. [] ǵ Թʹڵ ๹ Ե ʡ ԯڵ. ǵ ǵ áڢյ ͵. ʹһյ ڭ ػʧڢҵ ⹵ ʹһ. ʡ»صڵ ͪڪ ǵڵҹ ڡǵڵí યڰص ʡ طڸʹ յ ͵. [-] ͵ڵ ûԾ ʹ ⡨ ùڵҷ. ⡨ ҹ ڶ ໵ , ʷ ʾھ ൹ ù ءڢ . Ե ͵ . ൹ ù Ҥڤʤڤˤڤʧڢ ͤڤ طڸ ¶ ػھ طڸԵ ءڢԻԵ ù ػڻڵù ءڢ ԾԹڵ ھ. @ԧö: . ڻ⡯.

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[] û õ Էҹ ھԵ ڰ û ԡڢԵ. ؤڦүԵ ҵ ʾ ԷڸԵ. ʡ»صڵ ó ڵھ ڤԻү Էڸʹ ͵ڶ, ʾھ ڵ ͵. [] ع ͵ڵ ʹ ǵ طڸࢵڵյҷ. ڶ ǵ µڵ ʨڡʧڢ طڸࢵ ʡ»اڤ ʡ¡યڰ ǹڵ ໵ ʵ ⡨Ի ڭ ڶյ ໵. ൹ " ͤ ڭ, ʷ Ԫڪ". [] ع ͵ڵ ҹ ʹ Ҹյҷ. ԭ. [] ҹڢҹԻڻյ ڬҹҷչ ҹҹ š بڨ "ڢ" ʧڢ ҹ ͯڰڹ šصڵڢҹڨ Իڻ զ һسҵյ ͵. [] ҹһ ͵ڵ ʾ Ǿҹ ʹ طڸҵҷ. - ڶ طڸ ػڻүԵ ʻ Թڹ ԹڷԵԧ Էҹ ԡڢԵڵҹ ڱԵ⤵ڵҷҹ ʹڵԡ ؤǹ ҷþ๹ ػک. [] Էҹ ͵ڵ ڭ ˵ڵ ʹ · ٻԹյҷ. ٻ ˵ ڭ ٻԹ ҹ · ٻԹ , ڭ ػչ ҹ Ҫٹ ҵ ͸Իڻ. ͵ڵ ڭ ˵ڵ ʵ ؾྐྵҹʵԭ೹ ؾ Ե ҵҷ. ڶ ҳ ͵ ڭ˵ڵڵ ͵. @ԧö: . طڸ.

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[] ǵڵԵ ڡڵ ͵ڶ ڡʷ "بڡҹ"ҷ ǵڵ. "ǵڵ ǵ "ҷ - ʹ. "ڡ ǵڵ ʾھҳԹ"ҷ - ҹ»حڭ. "ڡ ǵ൵ õڵ"ҷ һ. "Ԩک˵ , ڡ ڶ"ҷ - è. "Ҫ ڡǵڵ ڡҹǹ ǵڵ"ҷ - õ. Ը ʹ. ҷԹ ҷԤسڹҤ൹ ʡ»ص൹ ⤵ھطู ǵڵԵ Ե ԯڵʧڢҵ ڡ Ի൹ ͹ǵ ͹ؤڵ ǵ, ʹ . Է ͹ǵڵ Ե ͹ؤڵ ک ʹ طڸҹ ҳ Źڵ ھ. [] ʻڻٻ¹ԡҷԻحڭ ʹ Ҩ һԨ⩵ҷ. ڶ һԨ Ԩک ڹҤ һ ؤڤ ҹʪڪҷ ǵڵǵڵ ҹҸڤǹҷ չ ڶԻʹҸԵڵ ͻڻ Ҩػڬҷ ҨԵڵ ͹Ҩ ؤڤ Ҩ ڶ Ҥ ǵٵ ھ. [] ⵵ µڵԻǸʹ ؤڤ. յ ڭ ڹҤ . ⵵ ػطڸڤڻصڵͯڰڤʶҷ دڰ ԵԵ . ҹص⵵ Եڵ ͡ص ؤڤ. ͻ طڸ ԯڰ ؤڤ طڸ ͻ ԯڰٵ ͵. [] ͵ڵ ŷڸҹ ǵ ڶ હ Ƿ ڷ൵ҷ. ԭ. @ԧö: . . //, . . //. . . //. @ . . //. .. //, . Ե. //.

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[-] ˹ڵ ʪԵ ҷ ʵһڵڤ ʡڡ·ԯڰҷչ ҹ չڵ , ʪԵ Ҩ šصڵøԡڢһ . ǹ ͹๹ ͪڪ ʹһ . ʾھڶ ʾ ҹ ͹ ԡڡ . [] ͵ڵ Ҩ ʤ ʹ Ҩµҷ. ʪ ʵڶ Ҩ , ʵ, Ҥ ػ յ ھ. [] ͵ڵ ҹڵûڻڵ ʹ ڵҷ. ⤵ ʡ»اڤ ʡ¡ࡵ ʾھڭصڭ೹ ؾ Եҹ ԡڢ Թ ͤڤڰ ͤڤǡڰ յ ھ. ͵ڶԷ Է صڵԻԷ ҹԷҵ Է , Է - ص. ڤؼʹ ٻٻҹʹ ͯڰ ڢ بڨ ԷڸԸҷ ԭڭ ʨکԡ ڨڢ . طڸ ʹڵ طڸ ͹ԯڰ ҷʧڢҵ ʹ ˵ڵڤ೹ ԻڼҷԵڵ ͵. Եڶ طڵ ͵ڶ Եڶڵ Էʹ Ի. Թ ùҵ ͵. ൹ ʡԻصڵһҹ Էʵ طڵ Ի. ҵ ؤҸǨ. Իص⵵ ҵعʹ . Ҷµ ʡ ԻصڵһҹҶ . Ե-ʷ һ Ի, ʡ Իصڵһҹ ԯڰԵڵ ͵. Իصڵһҹdzڳ ԯڰԵ. - @ԧö: . . //, . . //. .. ڵ, ػԻ.


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/read_th.php?B=49&A=6580&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=49&A=6580&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=32&i=3 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=32&A=290 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=32&A=438 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=32&A=438 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_32

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