͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ ڨ.. (ڶ.)

˹ҷ .

. ؤڤš . طڸʨکԡڰ . ͹ڨաdzڳ ʨکԡڰdzڳ بڨ. [] ڶ ؤڤ ػž ʨکԡڰඹҵ بک. ڵҵ Ԫҹ. بک, Ԫҹҵ. ءҵ ǵڵھ. ǵ ҹڻҹ ŷڸչ ʸڶ ڵʹ ҵԡ Ե, ù ʵڶ Թڹ ڵ ڵ. µڵ ͵ڶ ҷڤ Ե, ڵ - ʷڸ ෹ Ԥڤԡ . ʹൻ ҹ ͵ڶ آǸóڶ ʡҷջبک ҷջԭڭ ҷջبک ʡҷջԭڭҵ Ҥ ʵ ͵ڶdzڳ . ؤڤ ػž ʨکԡڰඹҵ ʡҷջبک. " ͵ڶ ؤڤŵ ŷڸԡ ؤڤҷ, بکԵھ" ໵. ؤڤҷ⹵? ǪڪԻصڵ Ե Էڸ ͭڭԵڶ. ڶ ؤڤŵ ͵ڵ ʵ . ػžյ ڭ ػڵ ž, µյ ͵. ʨکԡڰඹҵ ͵ڶ ʨکԡⰵ ըҷ ٵҡù ͤڤ˵ ٵ. ⶵ ͹ҷʹ ͤڤ˵ صڵ. ¹һ "ؤڤ ػž ʨکԡڰඹ, ٻڨ ػž"ҷԹ @ԧö: .. ҷ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ڸµҵԹڷʹ ʵڵڭ ڻ , ¶ ൹ ǯహ ػž, ؤڤ ػžյ بک. ҷ ڵҵ Ԫҹҵ. Ԫҹ ڶ " " Ҥک, ڶ "" Ԫҹ - Ҥک, Ը "ڵ" Ҥ. ͸Իڻ:- ¹ڵ صڵ ǵ "͵ڶ ؤڤ ͵ڵԵ Ի" - صڵ Ҥ, ˵ ʨڨҷ ҷáڢ Ҩ ʵ, һ ͹ҷʹ ʵ, ǡ š ԭڭ ʨکԡ ෵, ൹ ǵ - ص "͵ڶ ؤڤ ͵ڵԵ Ի", ʨکԡڰ ͵ڶյ ŷڸ ˵ "ڵ" Ԫҹҵ. Ͷ ҷ Ǩ ҷ ͡ ͷ ʡҷ ʨکԡⰵҷ. ҸԻڻ:- "ʻڻڨ ͻڻڨ, ʧڢ ʧڢ, , ʹԵ ͹Ե" Էջ ٻҷʵڵڭ ڻ Ҥ, ʨڨʹһ ͹ҷʹ - ˵, ͵ڵ ٵ ʨکԡ ͵ڵڨڢ , ʹڸ " ʨکԡ , ؤڤ ػž ʨکԡڰඹ". ⵵ óǨ, ൹ ʨکԡڰඹ ؤڤ ػžյ ڶ ͵. Է صڵ ˵:- ػڻҷ෹ ʻڻڨҷ෹ ҡù ʨکԡ ػž, Թ - ؤڤŻ ൹ҡù ػžյ. ǵڵྵ Ǫҹ @ԧö: Ԫҹڵ ͧ.ءڡ. // .. ʵ @ .. صʨڨʹ, һ ͹ҷʹ .. ʵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ҷ. ٻ ؤڤ ͹Ԩک Ǫҹҵ. :- ǵڵྵ, ǹڵԻ ǯگ. Թڹڻ ǵڵ⾵ ͵. Ҫҹ Ԥڤ˹ڵ ʡҷǨ. ǵڵھԭڭ ک ǵڵھԭڭ ک ʹڸµ, һ Ԥڤ , Ԥڤ ͻҸ ڻԨکյ ͵. Ԥڤ Ҫҹ໵ Էҹ ͹ һûҹڨ ʹ ҡ ù ˭ڨ ؤڤŵҷ. ڶ ˭ڨ ؤڤ ػžյ · ؤڤ ػž, ؤڤ ػž ʨکԡڰ- ඹҵ ͵. ҷջڢ Ԥڤ˻һûҹ šڢٵ ͹ . ൹ ǵ õҷ ͹ Ԥڤ һԵڵ ͹һ . ڶ ൹ҵ óǨ. ǵҵ ͡ڻǨ. õ ڵǨ. Է صڵ ˵:- ൹ ǵ ǵڵྵ ǵ - آ ൹ ೹ ǵڵҵ. ڶ յ ͹ Ԥڤ ûԵڵ ͹û . ­ڨ - Ԩکҵ , Է൵ Եھ. Է Ԩکҵ ­ਵڶ - ͵, ͵ Ҥ. ǵڵྵҷ " ǵڵ" ԡڢԵڵڢ Եڵ Ԥڤ˻һûҹ šڢٵ . ǵ õҷ Ԥڤ һԵڵ һ . ع ڶ յҷ Ԥڤ ûԵڵ û . Ըһ Ԩکҵ Է൵ Եھ. ⵻ . @ԧö: .. ൹ ǵڵ ǵ, .. .. ˵ڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ҷ ڰ ʧࢻ:- · ؤڤ ػž ʨکԡڰඹ, ൹ ǵ - ػžյ ǵڵ. ڶ "ǵڵ `ʨکԡڰඹ ػž', ǵڵ ص» ` ؤڤ ػž", Է Ԩکҵ ͹ һһû ˹ڵ. Ͷ ǵڵ ص» " ؤڤ - ػž", ˻ ǵڵ. ڶ - "ǵڵ `ʨکԡڰඹ ػž', ǵڵ ص» ` ؤڤ ػž", Է Ԩکҵ һһû ˹ڵ. Ԥڤ ͹ عڹ һûҹڨ صڵڵ ػžյҷԡ ͹ڨ . ͵ڶ ԭڨһ ͹ һû , һû ⡵ Ԥڤ , Ҫҹ Ԥڤ˹ڵ ͵ ๵ڶ ؤڤ ػžյ ҷ Ԥڤ ҡ ûԵڵ Ԥڤ˵ Ԥڤ. [] Էҹ ڨա ˵. ڶ بک ҷ. "͵ڶ ؤڤ ͵ڵԵ Ի" Եڵ "ػž" ڻԨک بک. ʡҷ ¶ ٻҷԸ ػžڵ, ͹ػž ڵҵ Ԫҹҵ. ع Ե ҷ - ͵ڵ ͸Ի໵ ʨکԡڰ ʹڸ ʨکԡⰵҷ. ʨڨڶʨڨҹ ͡ һ . ʡҷ ؤڤŵ ػҷһڭڵʾ⵻ Թڹ ʨڨҹ ͡ بکԵڵһ ǹڵ ԡڢԻ. @ԧö: .. ൹ ǵ .. ʵ @ .. ๵ڶ .. ʵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Էҹ ԭڨһ ൹ ڶʨڨʹ ػžµ ڻԨکԵ - ک ʨڨʹ - ʡʹ ԡڢԵڵ. ҷ ػžյ Ǩڭڵ ҷ ԭڭҵ, ک ԡڢԵڵڵ ڱ ڱ ͵ڵ Ԥڤˡ ԡ ù Ҫҹ ԡڵ . Էҹ ¶ ͹ڨ ʡҷԹ ҷڰ ͹ һû Ԥڤ ҡ , ԡ ҡ ù ˭ڨ ؤڤŵҷ. ˯ڰ صڵ ͵ڶ ǷԵھ. ๵ڶ ҷջڢ " " ʵ ڵ ˵, Ԥڤ ԡ ҡǡó, һû ҡó ˵, Է ͹ һûҹ ʹ ҡ ԡ ڵ ԡءڡ ҵ - ءڡ ǷԵھ. [] ԡ Էҹ - ͹ڨ ʡҷԹ Ԥڤ , ҷ ءڡ ʹ ǭ ڭյҷ. ڶ ǭ ڭյ · ڭ. ǵڵ ⢵ Է ڨ ڵҵ ԭڭ ʹڸ صڵ. ǵڵྵ Է ǹڵ - Ǫҹ ʹڸ صڵ. ൹ - ڶҵ ൹ ೹ ػžյ " Ԫҹڵڵ ڵ" Ԫҹ. Ԥڤ˵ྵ ع ǹڵ Ǫҹ Ԥڤ˵. Ͷ Ԥڤҵ Ԥڤ - @ԧö: .. ڻԨکԵ .. صʨڨʹ .. ͡ @ . .. ҵ . ൹ . Ԥڤ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Ԥڤ. عԤڤ - յ ࡹ ൹ ԤڤԵڵ عԤڤ . - Ԥڤ˵ھ ʵ Էҹ Ԥڤ˹ ˭ڨյҷ. ڶ һһû ˯ڰ صڵ ǷԵھ. Է Ԩکҵ Է Ǩ Ԩک ˵յ ͵. Է ෹ ҡ Ԥڤ ڵ Ԥڤ˨ءڡ . [] Ԥڤ һ Էҹ "· ൹ Ԥڤ عڹԤڤ, ˯ڰ ͹ڨ Ԥڤ, ʻ عڹԤڤ" ʹ عڹԤڤ൵ҷ. ڶ عڹԤڤ൵ عڹԤڤ, Ͷ Ԥڤ عڹԤڤ. ڶ ڢҵ һ - ˯ڰ Ԥڤ . Էҹ - ˯ڰ ʡҷԹ Ԥڤ , "ǵڵ "ҷǨ๹ ʵ ع Ԥڤ ͹Ԥڤ ػ๹ ҵҷ. ڶ ڶ ˵ ԭڭҵҷ :- Ԥڤ عڹԤڤ, ڶ ͹ڨ ڵҵ ͵ ԭڭ Ԫҹڵ ع ǹڵ ԡ ൻ "Ҫҹ Ԥڤ˹" Ԥڤ˵ھ, - ͹Ԥڤ˵ھڻ Ԥڤ, շʹ Ԥڤ˹ عڹԤڤԵ . Էҹ Ԥڤ ʹڸ "عڹԤڤԵ " Ǩ, ʵ ˭ڨ ؤڤ Է Ԩکҵҷ. Է ͹ һû Ԥڤ ػյڵ ػ¹ءڡ ˵. @ԧö: .. عԤڤ .. .. ڶһ @ . .. Ԥڤ˵

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

[] Էҹ " Ԥڤ˵"ҷԡ Ԥڤءڡ - ˵. ڶ Ԥڤ˵ྵ ¶ Ԥڤ, Ԥڤ˵. ͵ Ԥڤ عڹԤڤ Ҹ. ൹ յ ൹ ೹, Ԥڤ عڹԤڤ, Ԥڤ ˭ڨ ؤڤ Է Ԩکҵ, Է Ԥڤ˹ Ԩکҵ ͵. ൹ Ԥڤ˵ ¹ ೹ Է Ԩک, ൹ ೹ Ԥڤ , ءڡ. ԡ , ء. һ ԡءڡҷʹ ڤڻԻҷ , һ ءҵ. - ؤڤ ػžյҷԡ ͹ڨ ػžյҷԡҹ ԡ- Ԥڤ˻¹Ԥڤءڡҹ ʹ ͹ڨաڨ Էڷԯڰڵ ǷԵھ. ͵ڵǵ ʡҷ ؾھ ʵ ҷ Ǩڭ൹ ෹ ˵.


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/read_th.php?B=55&A=2871&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=55&A=2871&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=37&i=1 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=37&A=1 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=37&A=1 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=37&A=1 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_37

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com