͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (ڨ.)

˹ҷ .

Էһ Ңճ, Իصڵû. Ե ͡ ԯڰ , ͡ Ԫ ͵Գڳ ¤ڦ , ͡ ػػڼԵǹ ԯڰ ڷڵҤҪ , ͡ ھǹ ԯڰ ػڳҪ , ͡ ˹ҹ dz , ͡ ڱءھ ԹԹڹ ʡڡ , ͡ҹڵä ԵҾ ǻ ڨ ǻ dzڳdzڳ ǻ һڵ ǻ Թڻڹ ǻ Էһڵ Ңճ ͡ǹʳڱ ͹ػԯڰ ǹʳڱ - . ǵ ʵյ ҡ ʹڵ ʵյ Է Իص ǵ ҹ⵻ دڰһڶ بک. ͻڻԯڰԵ ک µ, بک. ͹تҹ "" . Ͷ ʪڪ ʵء Իص " طڸڶ ǵ ʵ" Իү ʵڵ طڸ بک. Եڶá طڸ صڵ س ػڻطڸҷ Եһ ڶ һسҵ, " Է " ʾھ ԡڢԻ. ڶ ʵ · طڸҷչ ͵ڶ ʵ, Ͷ ڶ ʵյ بک. - ͹ػҷһԹԾھҹڶ ʵ ͵ڶ ͹ػҷһԹԾھҹ ͻڻڨ»ԹԾھҹ. Ǹ ػҷҹҹ ˳ٻҷҹڨ ڨٻҷҹڨ. ˳ٻҷҹ ٻҷҹҷԡ ؾھԸ, ڨٻҷҹ Ԫڪһڨ ʧڢҵ صڵڨ. ڶ ˳ٻҷҹҷ Ҩ ͹ػҷһԹԾھҹڵ ػҷ ͭڭùһ ڨ ͤ˵ ǵڵ ˵ڵ ͹ػҷһԹԾھҹڵ ඹڵ. ػҷҹڻصڵ ص ڨ ػҷµ, ҹڨ @ԧö: .. ǹڰҹ . بک

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ԹԾھص ҵڵ ԹԾھҹڵ بڨ. ڨٻҷҹҷ ͹ػҷһԹԾھҹڵ ͻڻڨ»ԹԾھҹ. ڨʹ ͹ػڻڹ ʧڢ ҵ ͹ػҷһԹԾھҹڵ ඹڵ. ͹, ⡯, ԯڰ. ͻڻڨ»ԹԾھҹ ڵ ڶ ˵, "͹ػҷһԹԾھҹڶ" . Ͷ ͹حڪ Իص " طڸ ͹ػҷһԹԾھҹ" ع بک . [] û ʾھǯ ԡڢԻԵ ʹ طڸ ʵҷ. ڶ ڭҵ · ڭ. ػҷҹ ҹ ͹ػҷһԹԾھҹ ڭҵ ʧڤ˳ Ԥڤ˳ ʻڻڨ¸ ͻڻڨ¸ ʧڢ ʧڢڵ ڭҵ ͵. ҳʹطڸ ʻڻڨ¸ ͻڻڨ¸ ʧڢ ʧڢڵ ڭҵ ǵ ˵. ضتڪ ʵ ͵ڶ ǯگҹؤ š¾Żضتڪ ڰ. ػڻطڸڵһ ʾھ - ͭڭ . ൹յ ¹ ೹ ͡ ڱԵ ػ ͵ڶ ҹڵ, ൹ ೹ ػ յ ͵. ʵڵöԹյdzڳ [] ʵڵ öԹյҹյ ԹյҪҹص ʵڵ . Եڵطڸڶҵ طڸ Եڵطڸڶ. Եڵطڸڶҵ ʡڡǨ. ๵ڶ ͵, Եڵطڸʧڢ ͵, - طڸ ԨکԵھ. Եڵطڸ, طڸ ͵, ⡯, Է ҹ, Եڵطڸ Ե طڸԡԨڨ ˵յ. ʾھ. @ԧö: .. ʾھ .. Եڵطڸʧڢҵ ͵ڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Է ๵ڶ ͻʹڷ:- Ҫ ʹ ó ¤Ǩ ڰ, ǵڶչ ʡڡ¹, ࡵ Ծھҹ, í DZڲ զ ڵ һسԵھ ͨڨԡ Ԩڨ ػڻҷ ¤ ͹ҹ عڹ ʨڨҹ ¡Ԩڨ ػڻҷ, ʵڵöԹյҹ ʵڵ طڸ, öԹյ ˡ طڸ Ե, öԹյҷ صҷչ ˡ طڸҷ Եڵڷڸҷ Ե, ʵڵ öԹ൹ ͹ൻ÷ ػԻ ҵԵڵص ¤ ҳʹطڸ ʾھ ໵ ûҷ ûڳʡŸ Ծھҹ һڵ ͻ໵ ø Թڹ šصڵآҹǹ ڰ. Ե ڵ سڳ ʡǵڶ ʹһ Իصڵ ʵڵ طڸ بک. س ʡǵڶٹ ʪ. بک ʹһ ҹԵ بک, ط ͪҹԵ? Եڶ ص بک, ط ͵Եڶ ص ? سڳû ҹԵ ʪ, ط ͪҹԵ? Եڶ ص ʪ, ط ͵Եڶ ص µ? ҹԵ Եڶ ص بکյ Ƿ ʹһ . ҹԵ Եڶ ص ʪյ Ƿ سڳ . طڸ ʧڢԵڵ, ǵڶ ԵڶԳڳ. ǵڶ ʧڢԵڵ, طڸ ԵڶԳڳ. Թ ¹ ǷԵھ. طڸ ͡ طڸ ڵ ǵڶٹ ص Ҥ ͻڻԨک ʹڵدڰԡ ʤڤ šҵ, ͡ Եڵطڸ ճ ǵڶٹ ص Ҥ ǡ Ҹԡҵ, طڸ ʧڢԵڵ, ǵڶ ԵڶԳڳ. ǵڶ ͡ ڭҡ ڨ طڸ ص Ҥ ԯڰطڸ ڢԵóطڸ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ڤڤҳʹطڸ Իҭҳʹطڸ ҳʹطڸյ, ǵڶ ʧڢԵڵ, طڸ ԵڶԳڳ, Իصڵ ʵڵ طڸ بک ͭڭ بک, ʡǵڶٹ بک. سڳû ʵڵ طڸ ʪહ ͭڭ ʪ, ʡǵڶٹ ʪյ. Ե ҹԵ Եڶ ص بک ʪ ҵ ǷԵھ. [] ⡹ҵ ҹҵ. ҹ Ե յ بک. ڨ ڵڵ Է . ڵҹԻص⵵ ڵҹ ص. ¶ҵڵ ͵ڶ ڵ Իҵڵ, ¶ صǵ ࡹ ҡҵھ, ҡҵ ڶ ʧࢻ. ͹ ͹ҵ ʡǵڶٹ ͤ˵ ͹ػԵ. ųڱػࡹҵ ͵ڶ - بڨ ǵڶ, ͳڱٻ ھ. ǵڶھ ڵ ڶ շ໵ ùڵһ ʾ ʹ , ŷڸʹ ҵ ͯڰҹԡ໹ Գ˷ʹ ػ . ͻù൹ بکԵء ʵء " ڶ ڶ Թ" ʹ൹ Եھ ˵. ù൹ - ԨکԵԨکԵڢ ໵ շ໵ ʡڡ ˵ - بکԵ ʵ . Ե ͯڰҹԡ໹ Գ˷ʹ ػ . Իص⵵ ڵ ص⵵ ʾ ҹڵ. ʵڶء໹ҵ ʵڶʷʹ. Ե ͡ س Իصڵ ڷڱ ˨ڨ ໹ ءڢԻ. ͡ڵԡ ҡ . ڨ Ե ˹⵵ Ƿ Ҫʷʵ , ⤳ ˵ڶԻڻ⳵, һ طڷڻ⳵, š ڷšڻ⳵, ˹ڵǡ @ԧö: .. ųڱ... .. ùڵ .. ˹ڵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ڶ. ǡ ҵ Ƿ ʵڶػ⤵ , ˹ڵǡ ڶ. Ԩڨ س ͡ ڷڱ ˨ڨ ໹ ءڢԻ. ͵ڵ ڻҵ Էһڵ ͻڻҳ ڶ. ػ ˯, , ͵ڶ . ػ ͪҹڵҹ µյ ڶ ͸Իڻ. ͯڰ Է ԡڢԻԵ ػ طڸҹ ʹڵ µ, ͻ ҵ. ͹ ͹ بکԵҵ ʡǵڶٹ ͤ˵ ͤ˵ بکԵ. بک , ط ʪڪڵ. ؤڤ˵ بک , ʪڪ . ˵ء ʡó بک ʪڪ . ٵ Եڵ ص ͹. Ե ¶ҹʹڸԹ ʹ ԯڰԵҵ. ڨٷ ڬԡ¯ڰ öԹյصڵdzڳ ԯڰԵ. -------------


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/read_th.php?B=8&A=1608&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=8&A=1608&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=12&i=292 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=12&A=4938 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=12&A=5829 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=12&A=5829 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_12

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com