͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
     Ѻǧ   ѺҨ   ѡ   PaliRoman 
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ûԮ Һ ѡ صѹԮ صڵ. . ڬڳʡ

˹ҷ .

Ҫصڵ [] ص ͡ Ҫ õ Źڷ Ͷ Ҫ ¹ Ԥ үص ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ Ԥڶ үصڵ ෵ ͡ڵ շ [] ͡ڵ Թڹ Ҫ Ԥ үص ͵Ǩ Ҫ ⤵ ҷ Եڵʷ ;ؤڤکʵ - ¹ Ҫù ⤵ Էڸԡ ҹ û⵵ {.} ¶ҡ ⤵ Էڸԡ ҹ ҷ յ Ҫ ¹ ⤵ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ⤵ Ҥ Ҩ Ҩ ͻڻ һҵ - ⤵ د ҡõ Ҫ Ҥ Ҩ Ҩ ͻڻ һҵ Ͷ ԭڨ ضتڪ๹ ҹҡó ضتڪ⹻ Ҩ Ҩ ͻڻ һҵ @ԧö: . ;ؤڤکԵ . ؾؤڤک . ʷ ڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

⤵ د ҡõ Ҫ Ҥ Ҩ Ҩ ͻڻ һҵ Ͷ ԭڨ Ƿ ҡ һ Ƿ Ƿ ڻ Ƿ ൡԨ Ƿ⵵ Ҩ Ƿ ػ ͹ڵ⹵ {.} Ҫ ⤵ ⡯ԡ د ʡڢԵ - ؤڤԵ ʡڢԵ ͤڤԵ ¶һ ԧڦү - Ťڤ ʡڡ ؤڤԵ - ʡڡ ͤڤԵ Ҫ ⤵ ⡯ԡ د ʡڢԵ ؤڤԵ ʡڢԵ ͤڤԵعڵ {.} ൵ Ҫ Ԥڶ үصڵ ص دڰʹ Ԥڶ үصڵ ෵ ڢԳ ¹ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ǹڵ ෵ ͡ڵ շ ͡ڵ Թڹ Ҫ ࡵ ͵ ͡ ͪڪ ҷ ໵ Ƿҹ ҷ յ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ ͸ʵ ҵ ͵ڵص ڵڵ ͸ سǹ @ԧö: . ʡڢ . ʡڢյ շʻҰ ҡ @ . ... . .

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Ͷ Ҫ ͸ʹ ԷԵ دڰʹ ǹڵ ෵ ڢԳ ڡ - Ͷ õڵ ͨڨ¹ ؾھ ʵ ڵҷ ¹ Ҫ ʹ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ڭ շ Ͷ Ҫ ǹڵ ൹ ҷ¹ ¹ ˵ڶ ʹڵ ڻ Ͷ Ҫ ǹڵ صڵ ͹յڵҳ ͭڭ ը ʹ ˵ ͡ڵ շ [] ͡ڵ Թ Ҫ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ Ҥ Ҩ Ҩ ͻڻ һҵ ǵڶ - Ҫ ͡ʹҵ ͵ڶ ͹ Ԥڶҵ Ҫ յ - ͵ڶ ͹ Ԥڶҵ Ը ¹ Ԥ үص ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ Ԥڶ үصڵ ෵ ͡ڵ շ ͡ڵ Թڹ Ԥ үص ͵Ǩ Ҫ ⤵ ҷ Եڵʷ ;ؤڤکʵ - ¹ Ҫù ⤵ Էڸԡ ҹ û⵵ {.} ص Ԥڶ үصڵ ͵Ǩ ¶ҡ @ԧö: . ڡ . ⢵ڶ . . Եʷ ڶ @ . ;ؤڤک . ;ؤڤکյ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

⤵ Էڸԡ ҹ ҷ յ Ҫ ¹ ⤵ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ⤵ Ҥ Ҩ Ҩ ͻڻ һҵ ⤵ د - ҡõ Ҫ Ҥ Ҩ Ҩ ͻڻ һҵ Ͷ ԭڨ ضتڪ๹ ҹҡó ضتڪ⹻ Ҩ Ҩ ͻڻ һҵ ⤵ د {.} ҡõ Ҫ Ҥ Ҩ Ҩ ͻڻ һҵ Ͷ ԭڨ Ƿ ҡ һ Ƿ Ƿ ڻ Ƿ ൡԨ Ƿ⵵ Ҩ Ƿ ػ ͹ڵ⹵ Ҫ ⤵ ⡯ԡ د ʡڢԵ ؤڤԵ ʡڢԵ ͤڤԵ ¶һ ԧڦү Ťڤ ʡڡ ؤڤԵ ʡڡ ͤڤԵ Ҫ ⤵ ⡯ԡ د @ԧö: . . ⹵ ڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʡڢԵ ؤڤԵ ʡڢԵ ͤڤԵعڵ [] ൹ ¹ - صڵҹ Ҫ ͧ - Թ ˵ Ͷ Ҫ ͵Ǩ ڭ Ҫ ʨ ҷ ҵ ҷ ڰ Թڵ - յ - ʨ ʡڡ ҷ Ե - ˵ඹ Ԥڤ˵ ڢ೹ ˵ඹ ǧڡڤ Եڻ ˵ ͵ڶ - ͹ءڻҵ {.} Ҫ Ҥ Ҩ - ҹҵ ٵ ͵ک ͹ڶʭԵ ͻڻ һ Ҥ Ҩ ʵ ڻ Ҥ Ҩ ҹҵ ٵ ک ͹ڶʭԵ ͻڻ һ ڻ Ҥ Ҩ ʵ ­ڨ Ҥ Ҩ ҹҵ ٵ ک ͵ڶʭԵ ͻڻ һ ŭڭ Ҥ ˵ Ҩ ҡó Ҥ Ҩ ҹҵ ٵ ͵ک ͹ڶʭԵ һ - Ҥ Ҩ ʵ ڻ Ҥ Ҩ ҹҵ ٵ ک ͹ڶʭԵ @ԧö: . . ͵ڶڵ õ ͵ڶ . ͧ . . @ . ʡڡ . . ˵ڵ . ʷ ڶ @ . Ҩ . .

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

һ ڻ Ҥ Ҩ ʵ ­ڨ Ҥ Ҩ ҹҵ ٵ ک ͵ڶʭԵ һ ŭڭ Ҥ ˵ Ҩ ҡó - ˵ ͵ڶ - Ҫ Ҥ ʵ ͹ءڻҵ [] ڵ»ڱԵһ ڱԵһ ˻ԻڱԵһ ڱԵһ ʧڢԵ Ҥ ػʧڡԵ بکڵ ؾ ͵ ਵ ԵڡԵ ˵ ػʧڡԵ بکʹڵ د ҡյ ط ҹǵ Ҥ ҵյ - ൹ Ҫ ǵڶ Իبک ¶ ҡ ڭ Ҫ ö ͧڤڨڤҹڵ ö ͧڤڨڤҹڵ {.} ڭ Ҫ ػʧڡԵ ب ԹڹԷ ö ͧڤڨڤڵ ؾ ͵ ਵ - ԵڡԵ ػʧڡԵ بکʹڵ د - ҡյ ط ҹǵ - ҵ ö ʭڭ ö ͧڤڨڤҹ ʾھҹ ö ͧڤڨڤҹ ԷԵҹ ҹǵ @ԧö: . ҡó . ʷ ڶ . . ਵ @ . دⰵ Ұ ڶ . ڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ҵ Ҫ ڵ»ڱԵһ ڱԵһ ˻ԻڱԵһ ڱԵһ ʧڢԵ Ҥ ػʧڡԵ بکʹڵ - ҹǵ Ҥ ҵ ˵ Ҫ Ҥ ҵ ػԷڸ - ҵ ػԷڸڵ ҹǵ Ҥ ҵյ [] ص Ҫ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ ԡڡڵ ԡڡڵ ¶һ ԡڡتڪԵ ءڡت Ԩکڹ ڤ Ҩԡ ͹ڸ Ż⪵ ڢ ٻҹ ڢڵյ - ǵ ๡¹ ǹڵ ó ک ڨ ԡڢʧڦڨ ػʡ õ ͪڪ ҳ໵ óڤڵ Ҫصڵ ԯڰԵ ͯڰ ------------ @ԧö: . . بکڵ . ػڻԷԵ . ڢԹڵյ @ʵ ʾھڶ շ


ͤûԮѺҺ ѡ ˹ҷ -. https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=13&A=1783&w=&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹºûԮѺҺ ѡѹ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=13&A=1783&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹºûԮ©Ѻǧ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/byitem.php?book=13&item=91&items=6 ҹºûԮѺҨ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/m_siri.php?B=13&siri=8 ֡öҹ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=13&i=91 ҹöҺѡ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=9&A=2034 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=9&A=2034 úѭûԮ https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_13 https://84000.org/tipitaka/english/?index_13

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ ѹҤ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡûԮѺҺ ѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س