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Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
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ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ûԮ Һ ѡ Թ»Ԯ Թ. Ǥ ()

˹ҷ .

Թ»ԯ Ǥڤ ص ---------- ڢڸ [] ൹ ¹ ط Ҫ õ Ԫڬ ھ ൹ ¹ Ҫ Ҥ ʹ ھ յ ԡ - ҸԻڨ - êڪ õ ൹ ¹ ڻ ʯԻص آ ˵ ҷ ҹ ҵҹ ˹ڵ Ͷ Ҫ Ҥ ʹ ھ ҹ յ ԡҹ ʹڹԻҵ໵ ࡹ ó¹ ʳ ʹڵ ٵ Ҥک Ԩک ʳ Ҥڵ {.} Ͷ ʳ ҵһԵ ʳ ͵Ǩ Ҫ ҵ ʳ ڢԵء ҵ ʳ ¹ Ҫ ൹ Իڻ í ŧࡹ շ Թڹ Ҫ ڢʵյ Ͷ ʳ ԡ Ͷ ¹ Ҫ Ҥ ʹ ھ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ Ҫҹ Ҥ ʹ ھ ෵ í ŧࡹ շ @ԧö: . . . . ҸԻڨ

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ͷڷ - Ҫ Ҥ ʹ ھ ʳ ҷ ҹ ҵҹ []- Ͷ Ҫ Ҥ ʹ ھ ҹ յ ԡҹ ԯ ͵ ͹Ե ǵڶ ԯ ͵ ͹Ե ک ǹڵ - ٻʶ ڻ ͵ ͹ʵյ Ͷ ҹ յ ԡҹ ¹ Ԫڬ ھ ൹ػʧڡ {.} ൹ ¹ Ҥ ػ ˵ Ͷ ҹ յ ԡҹ ¹ Ҥ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ڵ Ҥ ͵Ǩ ҹ յ ԡҹ Ըٻʧڡڵҹ - ǹڵ ʹ Ҹ ǹڵ ʹҵ ൹ صڵ ˶ ǹڵ յ Ͷ Ҥ յ ԡҹ ໡ڢҹҹ үԡ تڪԵ تڪԵ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ ҹ յ ԡҹ Ըٻʧڡڵҹ - ǹڵ ʹ ʷҹ յ ൹ Ҥ ûڻک ʹ յ ൵ @ԧö: . . ͷڷ . ҹ . . ǹڵ @- . Ըٻʧڡڵҹ

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Ҥ سԵ ˵ تڪԵ յ ԡҹ ໡ڢҹҹ үԡ تڪԵ ûڻک ʹ Ͷ ԡڢԵ ûڻک շ Ͷ ҹ յ ԡҹ ¹ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ǹڵ ෵ ͡ڵ շ Ͷ ҹ յ ԡҹ ڵ Ҥ ڹùڵ ǹڵ {.} Ͷ յ ԡҹ ਵ ⵻Եڡ ڵ Ҥ ൹ Ҥ ڵ صڵʸ ԷڸԻү յ ൵ Ҥ سԵ ;ؤڤڵ ҡ ͹ڵԡ ڡԻ ԯԻ շԻ ໵ ٻµԻ - ڪŵԻ ͹ڵøµԻ Ͷ Ҥ ҡ ͹ڵԡ ๡Ե صڵʸ ԷڸԻү ʵ ԻԵ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ ʵڶ ʵڶ յ Ͷ ҹ յ ԡҹ ͨک ǵ ;ص ǵ - Էڸ ʵ ҹ ٹ ʵڶҵ ǹڵ ڹùڵ @ԧö: . µԻ . ٻµԻ . .

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ڵ Ҥ Ͷ յ ԡҹ ਵ ⵻Եڡ ͹ػؾھա ¶շ ҹ š ʤڤ ҹ ҷչ ͡ ʧڡ ๡ڢ ҹ · ͭ ŨԵ طبԵ ԹóԵ طڤԵ ʹڹԵ Ͷ طڸҹ ءڡԡ ʹ ءڢ ط ø ڤ {.} ¶һ طڸ ǵڶ ͻ̡ ê Ԥڤ յ ԡҹ ê յ ڢ طҷ §ڡԭڨ ط¸ ʾھڵ øڵ ԯ ڵ ԷԵ ¤˸ ԳڳԨԡԨک Ԥ êڪڻڵ ͻûڻڨ ʵڶ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ ԡڡڵ ԡڡڵ ¶һ ԡڡتڪԵ ءڡت Ԩکڹ ڤ Ҩԡ ͹ڸ Żڻ⪵ ڢ ٻҹ ڢڵյ ǵ ๡¹ ǹڵ ó ک ڨ ԡڢʧڦڨ ػ õ ͪڪ ҳ óڤ൵ [] Ͷ ʳ ͵ ¶ ¶

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ǵ Ե Ҫҹ Է ء ͤ ͪڬʵ ͡ڵԻسڳ ͡ڵطڸ ʧڢԢԵ Ե ¹ڹٹ õ ҹ ǵڶҹ ͨک෵ ͤ ͹ ھ¹ڵ Ͷ ҹ յ ԡҹ Ե ԹڷԵ ͹Ե دʹ ǹڵ ෵ ڢԳ ڡ {.} Ͷ ͨûڡ յ ԡ ¹ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ǹڵ ෵ ͡ڵ շ ͡ڵ Թ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ ¶ ¶ ǵ Ե Ҫҹ Է ء ͤ ͪڬʵ ͡ڵԻسڳ ͡ڵطڸ ʧڢԢԵ Ե Ԩک õ ҹ ǵڶҹ ͨک෵ ͤ ͹ ھԵ ھવ ҵ ŵڶ ʹڵ ھڪ ŵڶ ػڻ ͨػڻ յ õ ͨڨ÷ڸ ڡ ҷ Ԫڪ ڡ ൹ د - ˵ ¶һ Ҧҵ Ͷ ʳ ˤ չ ਵ Ե طҷ @ԧö: . .

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ࡨ ǡ ÷ڸ ùڵ ˹ ͭ Ͷ ҹػҷ Եڵ بڨ Ԫڪڵ ʡڡ حڪԵ حҹ ҵ ¹ڹٹ չǵڵԵ ح حҹ ¹ڵ {.} Ͷ ʳ ਵ ⵻Եڡ ¶һ ԭڪԵ Ե ԭ Ԫڬ ھ ͹ڵ յ ҵ Ͷ ھ ԡڢ ʷڸ ʹʹԡ Գڱ ¹ ʳ ڡ ൹ػʧڡ ͷڷ - ʳ ڡ ൹ د - ҹ ԡڢ ԡڢ ڡ ൹ د ¶һ Ҧҵڵ ʳ ͨڨ÷ڸ ڡ ҷ Ԫڪ ڡ ൹ د ¶һ Ҧҵڵ {.} Ͷ ¹ ʳ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ շ һ ǹڵ ෵ ͡ڵ շ ͡ڵ Թڹ ڵ ʳ ͵Ǩ ʳ ˤ չ ਵ Ե طҷ ࡨ ǡ ÷ڸ ùڵ @ԧö: . . ͷڷ . . د ʾھڶ շ

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˹ ͭ Ͷ ҹػҷ Եڵ بڨ Ԫڪڵ ʡڡ حڪԵ حҹ ҵ ¹ڹٹ չǵڵԵ ح حҹ ¹ڵ ൵ ʳ ؾ Ҥԡ ճ ڵõ ൵ ʳ · ճ ڵ ͨڨԡ - ˹ڵ ͻԹ ճ ǵ ˵ ҵ ˵ ൵ ʳ · ճ ڵ ͵Զ ˹ڵ ͻԹ ճ ǵ ˵ ҵ ˵ ൵ ʳ · ճ ڵ ͨڨԡ ˹ڵ ҵԶ ԯԵ ͻԹ ճ ǵ ˵ ҵ ൵ {.} ʳ ͨڨ÷ڸ طڸڨ ǵڵ ͵չ ʪڪ ǵڵ ҵ ʳ ͸ԯ - Թڷҹڨ Ԫڬ ڶ Եڵ յ ൵ ڨ {.} Ͷ ڵ ʳ Թ ෹ ǷԵ ¶һ @ԧö: . . ͨڨµ . . ͸ԯ

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ԭڪԵ Ե ԭ յ ʳ ͹ڵ Ԫڬ ھ ҵ Ͷ ͻù ¹ ͸ԯ Թڷҹڨ Ԫڬ ڶ Եڵ ͤڤ {.} Ͷ ٻ ͻڻ ҵһ Ե ù ʵڶ Żصڵ - ͤ ͹ ھڵ - صڵ »ҹ ԯ ԭ ʨکԡ ػڻڪ ճ ҵ Ե ó һ Եڶڵҵ ; - ͭ ˵ [] Ͷ ʳ ˵ڵ ڵ ͵ ¹ڹٹ ʹڵ ͭ ҡ¹ڵ Ͷ ¹ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ǹڵ ෵ ͡ڵ շ ͡ڵ Թ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ ԡڢ ճ Ե ó Ե ͹ػڻڵʷ ԡڢճ- ª ص ҹҹ ͸ص ˵ ๡ڢҸص ˵ ǡҸص ˵ ;һڬҸص ˵ ػҷҹڢҸص ˵ ˡڢҸص @ԧö: . Żص . ھ . . ԭ

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˵ Ҹص ˵ {.} มڨ ʷڸڵ ٹ ๡ڢҸص⵵ ๵ ھ ճ ԡڢ Ե ó óڵҹ ػʹ Ԩ Ҥ յҤڵ ๡ڢҸص ˵ յʵڵ ๡ڢҸص ˵ յ˵ڵ ๡ڢҸص ˵ {.} มڨ ʡڡš ٹ ԡ ǡҸص⵵ -ھ ճ ԡڢ Ե ó óڵҹ ػʹ Ԩ Ҥ յҤڵ ǡҸص ˵ յʵڵ ǡҸص ˵ յ˵ڵ ǡҸص ˵ {.} มڨ žھ ٹ ڨҤک ;һڬҸص⵵ -ھ ճ ԡڢ Ե ó óڵҹ ػʹ Ԩ Ҥ յҤڵ ;һڬҸص ˵ յʵڵ ;һڬҸص ˵ յ˵ڵ @ԧö: . ǡҸص ˵ . ;һڬҸص ˵

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;һڬҸص ˵ Ҥ յҤڵ ػҷҹڢҸص ˵ յʵڵ ػҷҹڢҸص ˵ յ˵ڵ ػҷҹڢҸص ˵ Ҥ յҤڵ ˡڢҸص ˵ յʵڵ ˡڢҸص ˵ յ˵ڵ ˡڢҸص ˵ Ҥ յҤڵ Ҹص ˵ յʵڵ Ҹص ˵ յ˵ڵ Ҹص ˵ {.} صڵԵڵԵڵ ԡڢ ਻ ڢԭ ٻ ڢ һҶ Ҥکڵ Եڵ ҷ¹ڵ ա Եڵ ˵ Ե ๭ڪڻڵ - ­ڨҹػʵ ਻ ʵԭ ʷڷ ... ҹ- ԭ ڸ ... ԭ ... ԭھ ... ԭ һҶ Ҥکڵ Եڵ ҷ¹ڵ ա Եڵ ˵ Ե ๭ڪڻڵ ­ڨҹػʵ ¶һ ھ ͨکԷ ͡ õڶ ਻ Ҥ ҵد ʧڡ ڻ ڻ ک ਻ Ҥ @ԧö: . . ๪ڪڻڵ

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ҵد صڵ ਻ Ҥ ҵد ڢԳ ਻ Ҥ ҵد ʧڡ ڻ ڻ صڵԵڵ ԡڢ ਻ ڢԭ ٻ ڢ һҶ Ҥکڵ Եڵ ҷ¹ڵ ա Եڵ ˵ Ե ๭ڪڻڵ ­ڨҹػʵ ਻ ʵԭ ʷڷ ... ҹԭ ڸ ... ԭ ... ԭھ ... ԭ һҶ Ҥکڵ Եڵ ҷ¹ڵ ա Եڵ ˵ Ե ๭ڪڻڵ ­ڨҹػʵյ [] ๡ڢ ͸صڵ ǡڨ ਵ ;һڬҸصڵ ػҷҹڢ ˡڢҸصڵ ˭ڨ ਵ µػڻҷ Եڵ بڨ صڵ ʹڵԵڵ ԡڢ Ԩ ڶ ó Ԫڪ ¶ ͡ ൹ õ ٻ ʷڷ ڸ ԯ ͹ԯ ڻูڵ ҷ

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Ե Եڵ Իڻصڵ ­ڨҹػʵյ

ͤûԮѺҺ ѡ ˹ҷ -. https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=5&A=1&w=&modeTY=1&pagebreak=1 ҹºûԮѺҺ ѡѹ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=5&A=1&modeTY=1&pagebreak=1 ҹºûԮ©Ѻǧ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/byitem.php?book=5&item=1&items=4 ҹºûԮѺҨ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/m_siri.php?B=5&siri=1 ֡öҹ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=5&i=1 ҹöҺѡ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=3&A=3641 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=3&A=3641 úѭûԮ https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_5 https://84000.org/tipitaka/english/?index_5

ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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